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Stated Meeting: Shutting Engines At Schools

Gotham Gazette

The Place for New York Policy and politics

Citizens Union
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Idlers be forewarned: Sputtering engines will not be tolerated near schools by the City Council.

That's the message the City Council sent Wednesday when it passed two bills bolstering the city's ability to issue tickets for engine idling anywhere in the city and reducing the allotted time a driver can idle near school grounds.

The council also passed legislation that enables the city to track construction contractors' safety records and requires safety managers at sites with problem contractors.

Idling Engines

If drivers are idling next to a private or public school, they will have 60 seconds to turn off the engine or face a fine, under legislation approved yesterday.

Idling has been restricted in New York City since the 1970s. Currently, vehicles can idle for three minutes, but anything above is subject to a $100 fine, said city officials. The (Intro 631-A) legislation, which was approved by a vote of 43 to 3 Wednesday, does not change the city's fine structure and reduces the idling time only in areas adjacent to schools.

The council also approved a bill (Intro 40-A) by a vote of 40 to 6, which gives Department of Parks and Recreation and Department of Sanitation employees the power to issue these idling tickets.

Citing climate change and carbon emissions from vehicles, city officials said it saves gasoline and energy (as well as the lungs of the city's adolescents) if drivers shut off vehicle engines after 10 seconds and restart rather than idle. Idling, they add, adds to the wear and tear of a vehicle engine, while emitting noxious fumes.

The bill, said supporters, is aimed not at parents, but at delivery and diesel-consuming trucks.

"We don't want the city to be seeing dollar signs on the face of parents as they pick up and drop off their kids," said Councilmember John Liu, the bill's sponsor.

Emergency vehicles are exempt from the legislation, and, according to the bill, school buses can idle to "maintain an appropriate temperature for passenger comfort," for maintenance or in emergency evacuations.

Opponents of the bills said the city already issues too many tickets and empowering it to issue more on the backs of parents would be malicious. Others worry that parents dropping off and picking up their children would be subject to the fines if their children were running slightly late.

"The message isn't 'Don't Idle,'" said Councilmember Simcha Felder, an opponent of the bill. "The message is, 'We're out to get you.'"

Some council members wondered whether an educational campaign would curb engine idling better.

In response, the council is considering an amendment to the bill that would exempt both the drop off and pick up times for facilities serving kindergarten through middle school.

Other members took issue with expanding ticketing powers to agencies other than the police department. Idling, they said, should not be used as a source of revenue, especially after the spike in summonses that has occurred under the Bloomberg administration.

"What agency will be next?" asked Councilmember Jimmy Vacca of the Bronx. "Maybe the Landmarks Commission will come and give tickets in my district."

City officials said both parks and sanitation officials already issue these tickets, but the bill would make that power permanent.

A mayoral spokesman said the mayor would sign the legislation.

Construction Site Safety Reprise

The council has approved 10 bills in 2008 in response to two fatal crane accidents in Manhattan. The legislation approved yesterday adds two more bills to this arsenal and is supposed to be the last legislative word in response to the deaths.

The first bill (Intro 878) would assign every city construction contractor a number, which will allow city officials to track their safety records across projects and years. If a contractor has an atrocious record, it could be banned from doing business in the city, according to the bill. This will be the first time the city can track performance and violations for a single contractor, said City Council Speaker Christine Quinn.

For those with poor records, the city will require contractors to draft and abide by a safety plan. Contractors with the worst records could see their numbers revoked or suspended.

Every general, demolition or concrete contractor will have to have a number to receive a city permit for construction.

Mayor Michael Bloomberg released the following statement in response to the bill's passage: "This tool will give the department an unprecedented ability to track contractors across construction sites and get a true picture of who has the best safety records, and who must be held accountable for unsafe jobs that endanger workers and the public."

In addition, the council approved legislation (Intro 760), introduced by Councilmember Jessica Lappin, requiring contractors with poor safety records or a number of immediately hazardous violations to hire independent safety monitors who will work with the Department of Buildings to ensure the site is run smoothly.

Both bills were approved by the council unanimously.

Lappin said the monitors would serve as the "eyes and ears of the department."

The city will not have to pay for the monitors, though they will report to the Department of Buildings as independent contractors.



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Gotham Gazette

The Place for New York Policy and politics

Gotham Gazette is published by Citizens Union Foundation and is made possible by support from the Robert Sterling Clark Foundation, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Altman Foundation,the Fund for the City of New York and donors to Citizens Union Foundation. Please consider supporting Citizens Union Foundation's public education programs. Critical early support to Gotham Gazette was provided by the Charles H. Revson Foundation, Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Don't Tell New Yorkers To Take A Tax Hike

By James Oddo

Oliver Wendell Holmes once said that taxes are the price we pay for civilization. If that is the case, New Yorkers might very well be the most civilized people in the world.

For a long time some folks in this town have seen tax increases as the goose that could lay the economic golden egg.

Because federal prosecutors recently charged 18 city tax assessors with taking bribes over the past 35 years in order to cut the property taxes on some 500 buildings, some would say that it is time for property owners, especially corrupt ones, to pay more. Of course those who break the law should be held accountable. But raising any taxes now would send the worst signal to the young family trying to decide where to live, or to the business trying to balance the positives and negatives of staying in New York.

Simply put, this is the worst time to raise taxes. September 11th has already caused the city to lose scores of residents, jobs, and companies willing to do business here.

There is only one proven way to get us out of long-term deficits and that is to grow our way out. Taxes inhibit economic growth and are precisely the opposite approach that we as a municipality should take. This shortsighted and backward plan would be a case of the "cure" being worse than the disease. It seems that history's lessons are lost on some people, despite the fact that the history is quite recent and the lessons quite apparent.

In the 1980s and early 1990s, New York State taxed businesses and the middle class incessantly and we hemorrhaged hundreds of thousands of jobs. As a result, scores of hard working New Yorkers skipped town.

We told our tax base to take a hike, and they did.

  • In 1993, the city tax burden for people doing business or living in New York was 8.8 percent. By 2001 we had reduced that burden by 17 percent to an overall rate of 7.3 percent. Over that exact same period of time, the city gained 481,000 private sector jobs -- an increase of 17 percent.
  • From 1989 to 1992 the city increased taxes by over $1.5 billion. In that same time period, the city lost over 300,000 jobs.
  • A study by the Tax Foundation ranked New York State second highest in the nation in both total tax burden and in state and local tax burden.
  • A report by the Public Policy Institute of New York State found property taxes in New York State to be 58 percent above the national average.

The statistics could not be clearer. If you raise taxes, you lose jobs. If you lose jobs, you lose people willing to stay in New York. If people leave New York our economic problems grow exponentially worse. With New York already at the top of the national list in tax burdens, this is the worst time to raise taxes. Raising taxes would be done at the cost of losing lobs, losing families, and a bigger budgetary hole.

Our biggest concern should be that the lure of raising taxes is like opening a bag of those potato chips -- you can't have just one. Raising taxes becomes an easy fix and there is always a "critical program" that "needs funding." If we open the door today, using our current economic challenges as an excuse, New Yorkers will find that tax increases are a monster that will haunt us again and again.

James Oddo is the City Council Minority Leader, a Republican who represents the 50th Council District

Read "Consider Tax Hikes" by James Wetzler

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Gotham Gazette is published by Citizens Union Foundation and is made possible by support from the Robert Sterling Clark Foundation, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Altman Foundation,the Fund for the City of New York and donors to Citizens Union Foundation. Please consider supporting Citizens Union Foundation's public education programs. Critical early support to Gotham Gazette was provided by the Charles H. Revson Foundation, Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

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