Gotham Gazette Wed, 18 Jul 2018 19:56:37 +0000 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management en-gb (Webmaster) In Albany, De Blasio Budget Testimony Centers on MTA, NYCHA de Blasio Albany budget testimony

Mayor de Blasio testifying in Albany (Ed Reed/Mayor's Office)

Testifying in Albany Monday, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio responded to Governor Andrew Cuomo’s $168 billion executive budget and outlined the city’s funding priorities for the next fiscal year.

De Blasio was the first to testify at a joint legislative budget hearing on local governments, making his annual journey to the Capitol, where he also met privately with Cuomo for an hour, and was scheduled to meet with three of five legislative conference leaders: Assembly Speaker Carl Heastie, Senate Majority Leader John Flanagan, and Senate Minority Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins.

In his opening remarks, de Blasio had mixed reviews for Cuomo’s budget, praising some measures while also urging state legislators to help him beat back others as they negotiate toward a new state budget by the April 1 start of the fiscal year. The mayor outlined several of his own top priorities that require state approval, such as design-build authority, electoral reform, and renewal of the speed camera program.

The mayor’s initial testimony and subsequent back-and-forth with lawmakers included significant focus on transportation and housing issues, especially MTA funding and problems at the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA), though de Blasio also touched on uncertainty coming from the federal government; criminal justice reforms and their connection to the closure of Rikers Island jails; and other fiscal and policy items.

De Blasio noted the burden placed on New York City by the Trump administration’s recently implemented tax plan, and acknowledged the steep impact of the termination of Disproportionate Share Hospitals (DSH) payments, which is expected to cost city hospitals $400 million annually.

“I want to commend the Governor for trying to find ways to blunt the effects of the new tax law and I look forward to working with him, and all of you, on solutions,” he said, adding that the upcoming Trump administration budget proposal is likely to pose additional fiscal challenges for New York City.

De Blasio also outlined more than $750 million in cuts and cost shifts to New York City contained in Cuomo’s executive budget proposal. These include $144 million in additional charter school costs, a $129 million cut to child welfare services, a $65 million cut to special education funding, $31 million less to juvenile justice programs, and a $9 million reduction in rental subsidies for working families leaving shelters. In addition, there is a $211 million gap between what the city was expecting in school aid and the amount designated in the executive budget, according to the mayor’s office.

The mayor criticized the implementation of “Raise the Age,” which requires that 16- and 17-year-olds be removed from adult jails, calling it an unfunded mandate that will cost the city at least $200 million per year. De Blasio noted the executive budget’s elimination of $41 million of state funding for the city’s Close to Home juvenile justice placement program, despite the fact the program’s utilization is expected to triple with the implementation of Raise the Age.

“This cut undermines the signature reform designed to keep kids closer to their families. And it will cost the City $15.3 million in Fiscal 18 and $31 million in Fiscal 19,” said de Blasio. The city’s fiscal year begins July 1, and de Blasio recently outlined his $88.7 billion preliminary budget plan.

De Blasio praised the governor’s inclusion of bail and speedy trial reforms in his executive budget. He said the passage of these measures would reduce the city’s jail population and help to accomplish one of his signature endeavors, “to close Rikers Island for good.”

When questioned about whether he could expedite the closure plan for the jail complex, which is currently seen as a ten-year project, de Blasio told Democratic State Senator Brian Benjamin, of Manhattan, that the passage of all of his policy objectives -- such as parole, speedy trial, and bail reforms, as well as design-build authority for the city -- would allow the city to shrink the timeline.

“Unquestionably, that would take years off the process,” said de Blasio, though he declined to provide an exact projected timeline.

De Blasio also emphasized comprehensive election reform and passage of the Dream Act, which provides tuition assistance to undocumented immigrants, citing threats to immigrants from the federal government. “Given what is happening in our country and New York State can lead by example by helping all of our students,” said de Blasio, speaking on the same day that the Assembly would pass the Dream Act for the eighth time. It continues to stall in the Senate.

On transportation, de Blasio repeatedly cited the “millionaires tax” he wants to see that would create a dedicated funding stream for the MTA and support reduced-price MetroCards for low-income New Yorkers. But he also acknowledged that congestion pricing could work as a revenue-generator for the ailing transportation system run by the MTA.

De Blasio said he was ready to continue conversations and negotiations about how to best support the state-controlled transportation authority, but said that proposals contained in Cuomo’s budget should be taken off the table. He did express support for the general congestion pricing principles put forth by Cuomo’s “Fix NYC” panel, but also indicated he wants to see tweaks.

De Blasio expressed concern that the money could potentially be diverted away from the subways and buses, suggesting a legal lockbox be created to restrict how congestion pricing revenue may be used. He also called for city approval for major transportation projects in the five boroughs.

The mayor took issue with the executive budget shifting the burden of MTA capital costs to the city, and battled with Senate finance Chair Cathy Young, an upstate Republican, over the 1953 law that specifies that city is responsible for all of the subway’s capital costs. While the city technically owns the subway system, the state has controlled it for more than 65 years.

“I absolutely disagree with your legal interpretation,” de Blasio said. “My counsel has looked at it too and has come to a very different conclusion…Let’s face it, the state has been running the MTA for decades now.”

The mayor criticized Cuomo’s “value capture” proposal, “that would grant the MTA the power to raid our property taxes on properties within a one mile radius of certain projects.” He said the proposal would cost the city billions of dollars and force the city to cut back on essential services like police, sanitation, and education.

“I was encouraged by the Governor’s recent comments that portrayed this as a choice for the city, not a mandate,” de Blasio said. “I would urge you to remove this provision from the enacted budget altogether.”

De Blasio made a similar argument about city services when asked by several lawmakers, including Young and Assemblymember Nicole Malliotakis, who lost to de Blasio in last year’s mayoral race, about capping property tax increases in the city. The city is the only area of the state not subject to a cap of 2 percent annual property tax growth. De Blasio, who again pledged that he is about to launch a property tax reform effort, has said that the city must continued to take advantage of increases in property tax values to fund city services.

De Blasio, who designated $200 million for new boilers and heating systems in public housing after thousands of residents suffered outages this winter, called for the state to commit to matching the city’s investment in NYCHA. He also complained that the state has taken months to fulfill a request from the city to allocate funds earmarked for NYCHA from two budgets ago. The city had itself delayed its ask for the funds by several months beyond when it could have filed the request.

The mayor was grilled intensely by lawmakers on his public housing record. Senator Diane Savino, of Staten Island and the Independent Democratic Conference, called the living conditions “deplorable.” In another testy exchange, Senator Young drew attention to lapses in lead inspections at NYCHA apartments, and reports that children living in these residences were found to have high levels of lead in their blood. The scandal has prompted calls for de Blasio to fire NYCHA Chair and CEO Shola Olatoye, including from Young on Monday. “Why is Shola Olatoye still at NYCHA?” Young repeatedly asked the mayor.

De Blasio acknowledged the mistakes but reaffirmed his previous statements, noting that the lapses began with the previous administration and credited Olatoye for turning the near-bankrupt housing agency around.

When Young pressed the mayor on issues at NYCHA, including unsafe conditions and crime that have “stacked up over the years,” the mayor responded tersely.

“Respectfully, I think it’s very reductionist to add certain facts up and say someone needs to be dismissed, even though they are getting a lot of work done for the people they serve. When you run a facility as big as NYCHA with years of disinvestment, of course there’s problems,” he said, adding that public safety has dramatically improved at NYCHA.

[Related: What's the State Role in NYCHA Oversight?]

During more than two hours of question-and-answer de Blasio was also asked about the financially-struggling public hospital system, where a new CEO has taken over who is promising to build on reforms already underway. The mayor was also asked to support supervised injection facilities for drug addicts and said that a city report is due back soon on the topic. He said it had to be very carefully dealt with.

While the mayor faced many tough questions, especially from Young, he also received a number of kudos, especially from city-based Democratic legislators, like Senator Liz Krueger of Manhattan, who said that you wouldn’t know from many of the questions that the city is actually doing quite well.

Later in the day, de Blasio met for an hour with the governor to discuss how to resolve transportation and fiscal challenges in the coming weeks and months.

“It was a productive meeting, we talked about a lot of the same issues that came up in the testimony and, you know, hopefully we can all work together,” de Blasio told reporters when he emerged from Cuomo’s office.

by Rachel Silberstein, State government reporter, Gotham Gazette

Read more by this writer.

In Albany, De Blasio Budget Testimony Centers on MTA, NYCHA Mon, 05 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0000
8 Key Takeaways from Cuomo's Budget & De Blasio's Response de blaso albany budget

De Blasio in Albany (photo: Michael Appleton/Mayor's Office)

Governor Andrew Cuomo released his $152.3 billion Executive Budget plan on January 17, with funding and policy proposals that stand to have significant impact on New York City. The governor’s budget is a starting point for legislative hearings and negotiations, with a fiscal year 2018 budget due by the April 1 start of the next state fiscal year.

After he and his team had some time to analyze the governor’s new spending plan and policy proposals, Mayor Bill de Blasio drove to Albany Monday for his annual budget testimony in front of the joint budget committee of the state Senate and Assembly. Before answering a wide variety of questions from state legislators, de Blasio gave an opening statement, in which he presented his on-the-record response to Cuomo’s executive budget plan in terms of what it means for New York City and his own agenda.

De Blasio’s appearance did not have as dramatic a prelude as last year, when Cuomo had proposed nearly $1 billion in Medicaid and CUNY cost shifts to the city that angered de Blasio and became the focus of intense, ultimately successful, efforts to reverse before a state budget was passed.

This year, the mayor offered another, albeit less pointed, mixed review of the governor’s budget. He praised components like the extension of the millionaires’ tax, promise of tuition-free city and state college for middle-class students, voting reforms, and increased state contribution for Medicaid costs. But, de Blasio raised concerns about Cuomo’s reworked 421-a proposal meant to spur affordable housing development, as well as several cost shifts totaling more than $100 million involving foster care, senior and special education services, pre-kindergarten, charter schools, and more.

“There are several cuts in the State Executive Budget that are going to have an effect on thousands and thousands of New Yorkers,” de Blasio said at Monday’s hearing. “These cuts include, first of all, $32.5 million through Fiscal ‘18 for public health programs, chipping away at the long history of State partnership in health funding in areas including disease control and emergency preparedness.”

While de Blasio’s testimony touched on a variety of budget related matters, the question-and-answer session that followed often veered into other categories, notably the coming city fee on takeout plastic and paper bags. There were several Cuomo proposals of great significance to New York City that were given minimal, if any, discussion at the hearing.

Cuomo’s budget will not be passed through the Legislature without changes, and de Blasio’s efforts to influence the adopted state budget will now largely rely on Assembly Speaker Carl Heastie, a Bronx Democrat who has been the mayor’s most important Albany ally over the last two years.

As outlined, Cuomo’s budget provides New York City a “net positive impact” of $279 million for the coming fiscal year, according to the governor’s financial plan. In total, an additional $400 million above the current year would be sent to New York City from Albany, thanks in large part to a $294.9 million school aid bump, the state picking up some Medicaid growth costs, and $40.6 million in revenue from a proposed sales tax on internet companies, like Amazon and Etsy. These added potential investments are offset by the $100 million-plus in proposed cuts and cost shifts to a variety of city departments and initiatives, according to the mayor’s estimates.

“The cost shifts were really the story for last year’s budget, though it didn't really come to fruition,” said David Friedfel, director of state studies at the Citizen’s Budget Commission. “In comparison, this year, the governor proposed a much more benign executive proposal.”

Rather, this year’s issues for de Blasio are the variety of smaller cuts and cost-shifts, as well as Cuomo’s 421-a proposal, another extension of mayoral control of city schools, which de Blasio hopes will be done this year through the budget, not afterward, and several other items like permission for the city to use design-build contracting.

One other key concern about Cuomo’s new plan -- raised by Comptroller Scott Stringer at Monday’s hearing in testimony following de Blasio’s -- is that it grants the state unilateral power to change the budget mid-year in the event that federal funding shifts suddenly. For example, if President Donald Trump follows through on his threat to defund so-called sanctuary states and cities like New York.

"I would urge you, the Legislature, to reject such an approach that would bypass this body, and do tremendous harm to cities and counties throughout the State,” Stringer said to legislators during his testimony. “I would also ask you to reject cost shifts for foster care, public health, and special education that single out New York City," he added.

An official from the state budget division told Gotham Gazette that such budget decision-making “flexibility” is necessary in the wake of uncertainty wrought by President Donald Trump’s administration and that the ability for the executive to manage mid-year deficits has been supported by rating agencies and good governance groups. Federal funding totalling $52 billion accounts for nearly one-third of the state’s anticipated operating budget, the official said.

The state official noted that the allocation of any reduction in federal support would be made uniformly across a broad set of appropriations so no program is specifically targeted.

Mayor de Blasio recently outlined his own $84.67 billion preliminary city budget for fiscal year 2018, which, for the city, begins July 1. It forecasts $14.5 billion in state grants and about $7 billion in federal grants. De Blasio did not account for potential federal cuts, saying it is too early to tell what the Trump administration and Republican-controlled Congress will do.

While legislative leaders and Gov. Cuomo will debate the mid-year adjustment proposal and all other aspects of the budget, the governor’s spending and policy plans will, as always, heavily influence the final outcomes. There are significant implications for New York City on affordable housing, education, infrastructure, health care, transportation, and more. As budget hearings continue in Albany and negotiations among stakeholders including Mayor de Blasio heat up, there are eight major takeaways so far:

1. Tuition-free College
The crown jewel of Cuomo’s 2017 agenda is his promise of tuition-free college for middle class New Yorkers at city and state schools. The proposal, which seeks to build on the reduced tuition and financial aid available to low-income New Yorkers to attend CUNY and SUNY schools, was the topic of Cuomo’s first State of the State rollout event and of the state Legislature’s first budget hearing.

The plan, which Cuomo’s office projects to cost the state an additional $163 million in tuition coverage, includes undocumented immigrant students, or “Dreamers,” who have been the focus of intense debates in Albany for several years. Senate Republicans, who control that chamber, have not been supportive of the Dream Act, which Cuomo’s tuition proposals more-or-less incorporates into a larger plan, making undocumented students eligible for education aid.

Cuomo’s proposed “Excelsior Scholarship” would provide tuition-free city and state university for students from households earning up to $125,000 a year. The proposal could incentive and help thousands more New York City students attend CUNY or SUNY tuition-free.

The joint Senate and Assembly budget hearing on higher education, which saw testimony from the CUNY and SUNY chancellors, included concerns that a proposed requirement that students take 15 credits per semester to be eligible for the Excelsior Scholarship would be too rigid.

Another critique came from CBC’s Friedfel. “Essentially, the [$163 million] cost estimate is probably too low and we’re apprehensive about whether the SUNY and CUNY system is prepared for the influx of students,” he said.

During his testimony, De Blasio praised the scholarship program and the governor’s support for the Dream Act.

“In terms of education, the City of New York certainly appreciates deeply that the new Excelsior Scholarship Program – when added to existing tuition assistance programs promises to further ease tuition costs for low-and middle-income students in our state,” said de Blasio. “We are also gratified to see continued support for the Dream Act, which is particularly important at this moment in history.”

2. Pre-K to 12 Education
In other education matters, the governor again proposed a three-year extension of mayoral control of city schools and is proposing a statewide school aid increase of nearly $1 billion for the 2017-18 school year. Of the $961 million aid increase Cuomo has outlined, New York City schools would receive an aid increase of $294.9 million, a percentage of new funding that is roughly in line with the city’s proportion of students.

Cuomo said the $1 billion would be paid for by extending the state’s “millionaire's tax” for another three years. The surcharge on the highest-earning New Yorkers, many of whom live in New York City, pulls in about $4 billion annually, and is due to expire December 31. “If you don’t have the millionaire's’ tax, that is a $4 billion hole,” Cuomo said during his mid-January budget briefing.

At Monday’s hearing, de Blasio told state legislators that mayoral control of schools should be given a multi-year extension. De Blasio has received consecutive one-year extensions of mayoral control, moves that are apparent insults to the mayor largely sought by state Senate Republicans.

De Blasio also called on the state to increase its education aid to the city further, and he cited the Campaign for Fiscal Equity settlement, the source of much debate about how much education money the state “owes” the city.

“The city is doing its part,” de Blasio said Monday. “Since 2008, the city’s share of education spending has increased from 49 percent to 57 percent, while the state share has declined from 41 percent to 37 percent. The state shortfall is currently $1.6 billion.”

Many concerns have been raised over how state education funds are distributed. The Citizens Budget Commission, for example, is calling for reforms to the Foundation Aid formula, which it says is based on outdated data and metrics, in order ensure more funding is directed to high-need districts. The governor is looking to do away with foundation aid.

De Blasio made sure on Monday to push back against Cuomo’s proposed cuts in per-child funding for the city’s universal pre-kindergarten program -- a $34 million burden, according to the mayor’s estimate, and shifted responsibility for some charter school costs.

“The State has made a giant leap forward of the last years in supporting pre-K. But this proposal and this proposed cut is a leap backwards and counter to all the progress that we’ve made with your partnership in ensuring that 70,000 four year olds had full-day high-quality pre-K program,” said de Blasio. “This rate cut should not go forward.”

Additionally, de Blasio said, “the State is proposing to increase and shift charter school costs it has been paying previously. The proposal strips State support away from charter schools and transfers the cost to school districts abruptly and to an exorbitant degree. For New York City alone this would mean $198.3 million less funding for our schools.”

3. Millionaires’ & Mansion Taxes
Gov. Cuomo says a three-year extension of the millionaire's’ tax, set to expire this year, is crucial to maintaining the state’s operating budget. Currently, anyone earning more than $2.1 million a year pays a state rate of 8.82 percent. If the tax is not renewed, that rate drops to 6.85 percent -- the same rate taxpayers making $40,000 contribute.

The extension of the millionaires’ tax has been praised by progressives, though some, including Mayor de Blasio and Assembly Democrats, say it should go further. Last week, Assembly Speaker Carl Heastie, who says Cuomo’s budget doesn’t provide enough funds for education, proposed a more progressive version of the tax, introducing additional tax brackets for the mega wealthy who earn more than $5 million, $10 million, and $100 million a year.

Senate Republicans, who oppose the millionaires’ tax, slammed the Assembly Democrats’ proposal, arguing it will drive business owners from the state. “I want to drive people into the state,” Senate Republican Majority Leader John Flanagan told The Daily News. “I think raising taxes is absolutely the wrong way to go. I think that is bad economic policy at this time and I think it will drive people who have affluence and who have companies right out of the State of New York."

In his testimony Monday, de Blasio said he not only wants to see the state expand the millionaires’ tax, but that he wants an additional “mansion tax” -- a surcharge on homes sold for $2 million or more -- a plan that drew immediate scoffs from Senate Republicans.

Senator Catherine Young, a Republican from Chautauqua and Allegany Counties who chairs the Senate finance committee and co-chairs legislative budget hearings, expressed her dismay with the mayor to WCNY radio’s Susan Arbetter. “It was amazing to me to hear Mayor de Blasio come in yesterday and push a new tax - a mansion tax,” Young said on The Capitol Pressroom. “This has to end somewhere,” she said, referring to New York taxes.

Flanagan, who met de Blasio on Monday after the mayor testified, told State of Politics that the mansion tax is “a non-starter” and that it did not come up in his conversation with de Blasio.

On the other hand, while Young told Arbetter that Senate Republicans would like to let the millionaire’s tax expire, she said extension will be looked at. Flanagan has said similarly.

4. Incentivizing Affordable Housing Development
Cuomo’s rebranded 421-a, called Affordable New York, is projected to spur 2,500 units per year of affordable housing in New York City. Always controversial, 421-a is a property tax exemption program that incentivizes developers to build mixed-income rental housing in some of the city’s most expensive neighborhoods (Manhattan and parts of Brooklyn and Queens.) The old 421-a program, almost universally seen as flawed, expired at the end of 2015 when an extension agreement designed by de Blasio faltered after Cuomo said it was too good for developers and not good enough for labor.

The program has been in limbo since, with fits and starts of negotiation, de Blasio moving ahead with other aspects of his affordable housing plan, and Cuomo promising to do more about affordable housing.

Cuomo’s new plan meets his requirements for labor provisions, more affordable units, and extended terms of both rent caps on the apartments created and the accompanying property tax break.

“It has been signed off by the real estate community and the labor unions. We call it ‘Affordable New York,’” Cuomo told John Catsimatidis on his Sunday morning radio show. “It is actually in my opinion a better program than the old 421-a. This has increased the length of affordability to 40 years, and it’s actually made it more affordable for people to qualify.”

Critics, including the de Blasio administration, say Cuomo’s proposal will cost taxpayers a lot more than a version proposed by the mayor last year. De Blasio’s program from 2015 had a per-unit subsidy of $421,700 and would have produced 25,500 apartments over 10 years, while for the state’s proposal, the per-unit subsidy tallies up to $544,300 and would produce 21,750 affordable apartments over 10 years, according to de Blasio administration estimates.

“In other words, more than $100,000 per-unit above the cost of our proposal with less affordable housing,” de Blasio said on Monday.

The governor’s office maintains that Cuomo’s proposal provides more affordability for tenants and fairer wages for workers, but keeps the cost of the program from the original 2015 law largely intact. Any additional expenses are “minimal, won’t occur for 26 years, and are worth it,” a state budget spokesperson said.

Negotiations over the program are likely to be among the most contentious of the next several weeks before a budget deal is reached. Over several years now, 421-a has been one of the central issues at the heart of the Cuomo-de Blasio feud.

5. Indian Point Shutdown
The nuclear power plant, situated 35 miles from Manhattan on the banks of the Hudson River, has been polluting nearby waterways and sparking fears of a potential nuclear disaster for years. One nuclear reactor will be shut down by April 2020, while the other must be closed a year later, Cuomo has announced. The governor had been working on a deal to shut the plant for years, finally announcing one earlier this year as part of his State of the State rollout.

One concern with closure is finding a clean energy source to replace Indian Point. New York City and Westchester County residents account for one quarter of Indian Point’s power consumers, reports the New York Times. The plant’s shutdown would impact electric rates in the New York City area, though state officials said the increases would be “negligible,” adding about $3 a month to bills. Westchester County official and unions expressed concern about the loss of jobs. Nearly 1,000 workers are employed full-time at the plant and about 550 are unioned. Cuomo has said all employees would be offered work elsewhere.

6. Public, Affordable & Supportive Housing

The governor’s budget plan again earmarks $20 billion to create or preserve 100,000 units of affordable housing and 6,000 units of supportive housing over the next five years, beginning in 2017.

The governor said he has directed his budget director, Robert Mujica, to execute a memorandum of understanding (MOU) will legislative leaders to release nearly $2 billion in funding to advance the creation of these units. The first $2 billion of the $20 billion plan was allocated last year, but most of it has remained unspent because an MOU is needed and hasn’t been signed. Cuomo said that Senate Republicans have been holding up the MOU until a new 421-a deal was in place, and Assembly Democrats are said to be pushing for more money to go toward NYCHA.

Funding Cuomo has outlined includes $3.5 billion in capital resources, $8.6 billion in State and Federal tax credits and other allocations, and $8 billion to support the operation of shelters and supportive housing units and to provide rental subsidies. Combined with a previously approved MOU for a small portion of the $2 billion, the budget appropriates additional capital resources for a variety of affordable and supportive housing investments.

This includes up to $1.4 billion for new units across the state; up to $100 million for state-approved NYCHA projects; up to $565 million for preserving affordable units and “creating a large-scale financing program that specifically supports assets like public housing authorities in upstate communities”; $100 million for Mitchell-Lama properties; up to $54 million toward homeownership aid and incentives; and up to $10 million toward continued neighborhood revitalization investments.

Affordable housing advocates and providers have been protesting the governor, calling on him to do more to release housing funds so that new projects can begin. Meanwhile, Mayor de Blasio and city housing officials have been frustrated with the slow pace at which money allocated for NYCHA repairs has been spent.

7. Transportation Infrastructure
Having just celebrated the opening of phase one of Manhattan’s long-awaited 2nd Avenue subway, Gov. Cuomo announced several ongoing and new infrastructure investments for New York City. While these capital projects do not fall under the operating budget, many of them are designed to enhance transportation options for New York City residents, commuters, and tourists.

As Cuomo often likes to boast, more than $100 billion in ongoing infrastructure projects are underway across the state — including construction of a new Tappan Zee Bridge, expected to open in 2018; a new LaGuardia Airport; a new Pennsylvania Station-Farley Complex; a 1.2 million square foot expansion of the Javits Convention Center.

In addition, the governor announced plans to move forward with the following projects in the coming year:

Kennedy Airport. For the coming fiscal year, Cuomo outlines $564 million towards $1.5 billion in spending by DOT to improve the roadway congestion leading to JFK. The MTA and Port Authority will also evaluate two proposals: expanding JFK AirTrain service and exploring the possibility of creating a “one-seat” subway ride to the airport.

Penn Station. The State is investing $700 million to leverage a total of $3 billion for the transformation of the James A. Farley Post Office building into a new train hall for the station.

Long Island Railroad. The governor also plans to invest $120 million for the LIRR—to provide state-of-the-art enhancements to 16 stations and improve system connectivity.

MTA. The 2015-2019 MTA transit capital plan includes $28 billion in investments, including city and state funds, with the state continuing to contribute a larger share than the city.

Empire State Trail. One of Gov. Cuomo’s favorite new proposals is to create one continuous trailway through the Hudson Valley and Adirondacks from New York City’s Hudson River Greenway, which runs 11 miles along the Upper West Side of Manhattan, up to the Canadian border and along the Erie Canal from Albany to Buffalo. It would be the largest single-state multi-use trail network in the nation, attracting new tourists to explore New York’s diverse landscapes and rich history, according to Cuomo, who included $53 million for phase one of the plan in his executive budget.

8. Cutting & Shifting Costs
Gov. Cuomo has proposed more than $100 million in cuts and cost shifts to New York City, primarily related to placement of foster children and special education services, according to Cuomo’s 2017-2018 financial plan.

Mayor de Blasio emphasized the importance of suring up public health funding to the city, which accounts for 58 percent of Medicaid enrollees across the state.

According to Cuomo’s budget proposal, New York City also stands to lose $50 million in Medicaid funding unless the de Blasio administration comes up with a plan by June 30 to produce $100 million in available federal funding (or city cutbacks) for preschool and school supportive health services, reports Politico New York.

The city would have six months to coordinate with the state’s health commissioner and the Trump administration to generate the $100 million in savings, according to the executive budget. If the city does not come up with the required savings, “DOH will have the authority to reduce Medicaid Administration payments to the City,” according to the budget proposal.

While Cuomo is looking to move some costs to the city and push the city to bring in more federal Medicaid dollars, on one increasingly popular measure meant to help New York City save billions, Mayor de Blasio noted a “glaring and inexplicable omission” in Cuomo’s executive budget. The city is seeking state permission to use “design-build” contracting, which allows a more efficient process of hiring contractors for major infrastructure projects. It is something the state has been using more often that Cuomo regularly touts as a money and time saver.

“If the city also had access to this tool, similar benefits would be realized,” de Blasio said during his Albany budget testimony. “Our capital agencies have identified $7.3 billion in projects, with around $450 million in immediate savings. If the rest of New York State has access to design-build, New York City certainly should as well as a matter of common sense.”

Though design-build is widely used throughout the United States, in New York there are legislative hurdles to overcome, and the program has seen opposition from labor unions. Currently, the law only allows select state agencies to use it.

Presumably because of pushback from the Assembly, which is dominated by Democrats from New York City who feel pressure from unions, Cuomo has only favored design-build for certain state agencies and counties outside of New York City.

A spokesperson for Cuomo’s office said the governor is a proponent of design-build and he is open to discussing a statewide expansion. “The governor is a strong supporter of design-build which has successfully delivered large-scale infrastructure projects, saving time on project completion and taxpayer money. In the past, there has been resistance to the expansion of design-build statewide, but we look forward to discussing it during the budget process,” said Cuomo transportation spokesperson Jon Weinstein.

by Rachel Silberstein, State government reporter, Gotham Gazette

Read more by this writer.

8 Key Takeaways from Cuomo's Budget & De Blasio's Response Thu, 02 Feb 2017 05:00:00 +0000
In Albany, De Blasio Evaluates Cuomo’s Budget, Faces Legislators’ Questions de Blasio albany budget testimony 2017

Mayor de Blasio in Albany (photo: Michael Appleton/Mayor’s Office)

Mayor Bill de Blasio visited Albany Monday for his annual budget testimony in front of the joint budget committee of the state Senate and Assembly. In opening remarks, de Blasio touted some of his accomplishments and gave his on-the-record response to Governor Andrew Cuomo’s recently-released executive budget plan in terms of what it means for New York City and his own agenda. The mayor then fielded hours of questions from state legislators that often veered far from strict budget matters and went into how he is running city government and his policies.

Over the course of more than three hours, de Blasio was asked about a wide variety of topics by senators and Assembly members from both parties, engaging in mostly collegial back-and-forth that on a few occasions flared into contentiousness. A few topics, including an imminent city fee on plastic and paper grocery bags and the city’s child welfare agency, were asked about by multiple legislators, but there was no clear theme to the questioning like there was last year, when many pressed de Blasio on property taxes.

For his part, the mayor appeared mostly concerned with Cuomo’s new 421-a program, which aims to revive a property tax break meant to spur affordable housing development, and a variety of proposed funding cuts to the city that the governor outlined. As is often the case when he testiies in front of the state legislator, de Blasio was also engaged in fending off criticism from multiple avenues and attempting to finish his testimony as unscathed as possible.

The mayor, a Democrat now in the final year of his first term, opened his budget testimony on a conciliatory note, thanking the leadership in both chambers, and emphasizing that the interests of New York City and the rest of the state are intertwined.

“We see our role as continuing to be an economic engine for the state as a whole and for the region,” de Blasio said. “And obviously, we are the state’s primary gateway to the rest of the world and we know we have to play that role well. I also think it’s fair to say that New York State succeeds when New York City succeeds, and New York City succeeds when New York State succeeds. It’s a truly symbiotic relationship.”

He touted several accomplishments, including the development and preservation of 62,000 units of affordable housing -- part of the city’s plan to create or preserve 200,000 affordable apartments over 10 years -- dipping crime rates, higher graduation rates and test scores at public schools, and the city’s rollout of universal pre-kindergarten, which is largely funded through the state budget, he noted.

“Now, 70,000 four-year-olds are enrolled in pre-K, and we’re making sure that that investment pays off. Again, I want to offer my profound thanks on behalf of the parents of the City of New York for your support in allowing us to achieve this success,” de Blasio told about 25 legislators seated on a two-tiered dais.

New York City will need the state’s support to continue to build on its successes, de Blasio said, while acknowledging that the city still has much work to do and specifically citing homelessness as an area in need of improvement. De Blasio again promised a new homelessness-fighting plan in February, and even said that it will include a better method of community outreach in siting shelters.

Addressing the state budget, de Blasio had less to complain about this year than last -- in 2016, the the city faced nearly $1 billion in shifted costs under the governor’s initial budget proposal -- but he raised several concerns about the governor’s new 421-a plan, as well as multi-million dollar cost shifts on pre-K, charter schools, healthcare funding, and more.

The mayor praised elements of Cuomo’s budget, particularly the governor’s plan to provide tuition-free city and state college to middle class New Yorkers, a proposed three-year extension of mayoral control of New York City schools, election reforms, various criminal justice reforms, and state coverage of increased Medicaid costs.

De Blasio also sounded the alarm on threats from the Trump administration, stressing the urgency in securing public health funds and passing legislation to protect the environment. He cited Trump’s plan to repeal the Affordable Care Act, which he said currently covers 1.6 million New York City residents. Up to 200,000 public hospital patients could lose their insurance, endangering their health, and also potentially costing the public hospital system hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue, according to de Blasio.

“So, we are quite clear that any actions taken in Washington could create real pain for both state and city government,” said de Blasio. “That’s why it’s so important that we ask your support in making sure that the state budget insulates and protects local governments and our work given these great uncertainties.”

Some of de Blasio’s comments came in contrast, to an extent, to his own preliminary budget, which the mayor released last week. In that spending plan, de Blasio made no “Trump-specific adjustment,” he said, because it was too early to tell what the new president may do on policy and budgeting.

While Cuomo’s executive budget will not be passed through the Legislature without changes, New York City would see a “net positive impact” of $279 million for the coming fiscal year, according to the financial plan. Though Cuomo’s proposal does include some smaller cost-shifts to the city, the budget stays away from the nearly $1 billion in CUNY and Medicaid cost-shifts to the city the governor had proposed last year, which were ultimately beaten back by de Blasio and Assembly Speaker Carl Heastie, a Bronx Democrat and the mayor’s most important ally in the capital.

On Cuomo’s rebranded 421-a, called Affordable New York, de Blasio said that it would cost the city too much in foregone property tax revenue per unit of affordable housing. The mayor wants tweaks made to the proposal before it is passed, and also said that one tweak he does not want to see made to it is the re-inclusion of luxury condominiums. The program, which the de Blasio administration says is essential to building mixed-income apartment buildings in the city’s most desirable neighborhoods, was at the center of the falling out between de Blasio and Cuomo and will apparently become a contentious issue over the course of budget negotiations.

During the question-and-answer session of de Blasio’s Monday testimony, about 15 lawmakers asked the mayor dozens of questions in two-to-three minute segments.

Several Republican lawmakers pressed the mayor on how education funding is distributed, the hotly contested bag fee, and the city’s Administration of Children’s Services (ACS), which has been criticized of late for several high-profile and tragic child fatalities.

The most contentious moments of the Q-and-A came in exchanges between de Blasio and Senators Catharine Young, Simcha Felder, and Terrence Murphy, all of whom are part of the Republican majority caucus in the Senate.

Murphy, who has long-standing conflict with de Blasio after the mayor attempted to help unseat him in 2014, was the lone legislator to bring up the law enforcement investigations into the mayor and his allies. The two talked over each other at times, with Murphy saying de Blasio is untrustworthy and de Blasio claiming Murphy clearly “has a bone to pick.”

Young represents Chautauqua and Allegany Counties, chairs the Senate finance committee and co-chaired the budget hearing. She challenged de Blasio on how education funding is distributed to city schools and suggested the state should withhold funding from ACS. The ACS commissioner resigned amid criticism that recent tragedies could have been prevented by the child welfare agency, and de Blasio announced Monday that a new commissioner would be in place by early March.

The mayor defended the work of the child welfare agency, noting that it sees 50,000 to 60,000 complaints of child neglect or abuse per year, and in an overwhelming majority of cases, the agency helps children and families. He noted that sometimes courts stand in the way of a child’s removal from a troubled home. De Blasio found support from Senator Diane Savino, who is a former child protective specialist, acknowledged improvements at ACS, and said she is drafting legislation to relieve child protective workers of some of the administrative burdens of their work.

Young also pushed the mayor on property tax reform, which dominated last year’s hearing. While de Blasio has not raised property tax rates, property taxes have continued to rise quickly under this mayor because of increased property value assessments. Republican lawmakers have been pushing for both a general restructuring of the city’s property tax system, which de Blasio has regularly said is coming eventually, and a cap on city property tax growth. De Blasio and Assembly Democrats have refused such a cap, explaining that the city relies on tax revenue to fuel its $80-plus billion budget.

Senator Felder, a Brooklyn Democrat that caucuses with Republicans, expressed outrage over the so-called “plastic bag tax,” a 5 cent surcharge on paper and plastic bags to discourage use, reduce waste, and improve the environment.

“I fundamentally disagree that this issue isn’t urgent to address, in terms of climate change,” the mayor said. “It’s going to have devastating impacts if we don’t address it on all levels. We have even more urgency because we don’t know whether the federal government is going to take a step back on climate change.”

Felder and several Republican lawmakers chimed in, insisting that their objection to the fee was not an objection to the validity of environmental science.

“New Yorkers are sick of being insulted and lied to,” Felder said, raising his voice. “It has nothing to do with whether people do or don’t care about the environment. The issue is whether we have to be punitive. If government doesn't have a way to fix something, no problem -- tax! No problem -- ticket! No problem -- fee!”

With the bag fee about to go into effect in mid-February, the state Legislature is considering legislation to overrule and negate the city’s law. A bill passed the Senate, and the Assembly, which is controlled by Democrats, may take it up.

Many Democrats positioned themselves as allies of the mayor on Monday, including Assemblymember Catherine Nolan, the Assembly’s education committee chair, who asked about Foundation Aid and the failure of the state to make due on the Campaign for Fiscal Equality, a decade-old court ruling that was supposed to ensure a basic quality education to all public school students and the requisite funding. Framing it in terms of her experience as a public school parent and de Blasio’s as a former public school parent, she asked, “Do you think we were duped into thinking that we would all benefit from a full CFE?”

“It cannot be airbrushed out of history, our children have suffered from the lack of state funding,” de Blasio agreed.

Democratic Senator Liz Krueger helped defend de Blasio on a variety of issues, including his support for a “mansion tax,” which would add a surcharge to apartments sold for over $2 million.

Senator Daniel Squadron, a Democrat representing Lower Manhattan and Downtown Brooklyn, took on a more contentious tone with de Blasio, however, renewing his previous calls for the mayor to sue the bad actors involved in the flipping of Rivington House, the former nursing that is becoming luxury housing. De Blasio said that the city had explored its options, but did not believe that it had a case to bring suit. He promised that his administration would talk more with Squadron about anything that can be done.

Assemblymember Nicole Malliotakis, a Republican representing Staten Island and parts of Brooklyn, commended the mayor for investing in NYPD equipment, before challenging de Blasio on his vow to defy Trump’s immigration ban. The Assemblymember, a frequent critic of the mayor, argued that the city’s list of 170 offenses that would warrant cooperation with federal immigration agents was insufficient. Noting that the city has only complied with 32 out of 584 deportation requests from federal immigration enforcement agencies, she asked, “Why would you protect individuals who are here illegally who are committing these crimes instead of putting your citizenry first and foremost and ensuring that we receive the federal funding that we need for law enforcement to do its job?”

“Assemblymember, I know you are a true believer in your ideology and I am in mine,” de Blasio replied. “And we have very different facts. We are going disagree even on the premise of the question.”

He reiterated that his administration was more concerned that low level, nonviolent offenses like marijuana possession would be used as an excuse for deportation, stressing that conforming to Trump’s anti-immigrant policies would make undocumented immigrants unwilling to speak to police, which would put the city at risk. However, he conceded, “If there are some offenses we should add [to the list of 170], we are willing to do that always.”

The exchange with Malliotakis was indicative of most that de Blasio had on Monday: he pushed back on legislators’ wording, premises, and data, but did so with some semblance of willingness to communicate further and collaborate where possible. The question then becomes, of course, whether de Blasio does indeed intend to communicate and collaborate more, or whether he was attempting to diffuse criticism at such a rare and public hearing.

After his appearance, de Blasio refused to answer questions from members of the media. While he had done so prior years after his budget testimony, this year the mayor ignored reporters who attempted to ask him questions as he walked the halls of the Legislative Office Building, engaged in conversation with a member of the Assembly.

De Blasio had meetings scheduled Monday afternoon with Heastie, Senate Majority Leader John Flanagan, Independent Democratic Conference Leader Jeff Klein, and Senate Minority Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins. The mayor was not set to meet with Cuomo, despite the rare occurrence that both were in Albany on the same day.

by Rachel Silberstein, State government reporter, Gotham Gazette

Read more by this writer.

In Albany, De Blasio Evaluates Cuomo’s Budget, Faces Legislators’ Questions Mon, 30 Jan 2017 05:00:00 +0000