Gotham Gazette Gotham Gazette is an online publication covering New York policy and politics as well as news on public safety, transportation, education, finance and more. http://www.gothamgazette.com/component/tags/tag/jobs 2017-10-23T20:44:52+00:00 Webmaster webmaster@gothamgazette.com Dissecting Mayor De Blasio's Record As He Seeks Reelection 2017-10-22T23:26:52+00:00 2017-10-22T23:26:52+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=7221:dissecting-mayor-de-blasio-s-record-as-he-seeks-reelection Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/reset_1/37117856722_b1e7513769_z.jpg" alt="Mayor de Blasio Chirlane McCray City Hall Reelection Parade" width="600" height="400" /></p> <p>Mayor Bill de Blasio &amp; First Lady Chirlane McCray (photo: Ed Reed/Mayor's Office)</p> <hr /> <p>As Mayor Bill de Blasio, a first-term Democrat, seeks reelection this fall, a close examination of his record is essential. De Blasio came into power promising to address inequlality in a variety of forms, including income, educational, policing, racial, and opportunity inequities he identified during his 2013 campaign. In this year's election de Blasio is running in part on his record, which is headlined by the implementation of his campaign promise to provide universal pre-kindergarten for the city's four-year-olds. But, there is much more to the mayor's record than UPK, which has clearly been <a href="http://www.politico.com/states/new-york/city-hall/story/2017/10/17/de-blasios-win-on-pre-k-is-making-an-easy-campaign-even-easier-115084" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">his biggest success</a>.</p> <p>In this series, Gotham Gazette, with election coverage partners City Limits and WNYC radio, examines de Blasio's record on a variety of important issues. While this is not completely exhaustive, it should be helpful to voters and others seeking to evaluate de Blasio this fall. With our partners, Gotham Gazette will release articles and audio pieces on the following aspects of de Blasio's record -- those already published are linked below.</p> <p>Election Day is Tuesday, November 7.</p> <ul> <li>Ethics &amp; Transparency: <a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/city/7258-de-blasio-s-record-on-ethics-and-transparency" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Mayor De Blasio's Record on Ethics and Transparency</a> (Gotham Gazette, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Economy &amp; Jobs&nbsp;(Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Poverty &amp; Inequality&nbsp;(Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Budgeting &amp; Fiscal Health (Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>NYCHA (Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Environment &amp; Sustainability (City Limits, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Policing: <a href="https://citylimits.org/2017/10/16/bill-de-blasios-police-reform-agenda-has-achieved-much-and-disappointed-many/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Bill de Blasio's Police Reform Record Has Achieved Much and Disappointed Many</a> (City Limits, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Housing: <a href="https://citylimits.org/2017/10/04/bill-de-blasio-is-still-in-his-first-term-and-were-already-debating-his-housing-legacy/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Bill de Blasio is Still in His First Term and We're Already Debating His Housing Legacy</a> (City Limits, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Homelessness: <a href="http://www.wnyc.org/story/de-blasios-homelessness-struggle/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">De Blasio's Homelessness Struggle</a> (WNYC, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Transit: <a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/city/6855-de-blasio-s-piecemeal-transportation-agenda" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">De Blasio's 'Piecemeal' Transportation Agenda</a> (Gotham Gazette, April 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Homelessness: <a href="http://www.thedailybeast.com/bill-de-blasios-big-homelessness-problem" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Bill de Blasio's Big Homelessness Problem</a> (Gotham Gazette/The Daily Beast, July 2017)</li> </ul> <p>More to read/view/hear:</p> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.ny1.com/nyc/all-boroughs/politics/2017/10/19/a-look-at-mayor-de-blasio-s-record-on-nyc-transportation" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A look at Mayor de Blasio's record on transportion</a> (NY1)&nbsp;</li> <li><a href="http://www.ny1.com/nyc/all-boroughs/politics/2017/10/03/bill-de-blasio-record-on-crime-as-mayor-nyc-nypd" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A look at Mayor de Blasio's record on policing</a> (NY1)</li> </ul> <p>

***
by Ben Max, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/reset_1/37117856722_b1e7513769_z.jpg" alt="Mayor de Blasio Chirlane McCray City Hall Reelection Parade" width="600" height="400" /></p> <p>Mayor Bill de Blasio &amp; First Lady Chirlane McCray (photo: Ed Reed/Mayor's Office)</p> <hr /> <p>As Mayor Bill de Blasio, a first-term Democrat, seeks reelection this fall, a close examination of his record is essential. De Blasio came into power promising to address inequlality in a variety of forms, including income, educational, policing, racial, and opportunity inequities he identified during his 2013 campaign. In this year's election de Blasio is running in part on his record, which is headlined by the implementation of his campaign promise to provide universal pre-kindergarten for the city's four-year-olds. But, there is much more to the mayor's record than UPK, which has clearly been <a href="http://www.politico.com/states/new-york/city-hall/story/2017/10/17/de-blasios-win-on-pre-k-is-making-an-easy-campaign-even-easier-115084" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">his biggest success</a>.</p> <p>In this series, Gotham Gazette, with election coverage partners City Limits and WNYC radio, examines de Blasio's record on a variety of important issues. While this is not completely exhaustive, it should be helpful to voters and others seeking to evaluate de Blasio this fall. With our partners, Gotham Gazette will release articles and audio pieces on the following aspects of de Blasio's record -- those already published are linked below.</p> <p>Election Day is Tuesday, November 7.</p> <ul> <li>Ethics &amp; Transparency: <a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/city/7258-de-blasio-s-record-on-ethics-and-transparency" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Mayor De Blasio's Record on Ethics and Transparency</a> (Gotham Gazette, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Economy &amp; Jobs&nbsp;(Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Poverty &amp; Inequality&nbsp;(Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Budgeting &amp; Fiscal Health (Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>NYCHA (Gotham Gazette, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Environment &amp; Sustainability (City Limits, coming soon)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Policing: <a href="https://citylimits.org/2017/10/16/bill-de-blasios-police-reform-agenda-has-achieved-much-and-disappointed-many/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Bill de Blasio's Police Reform Record Has Achieved Much and Disappointed Many</a> (City Limits, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Housing: <a href="https://citylimits.org/2017/10/04/bill-de-blasio-is-still-in-his-first-term-and-were-already-debating-his-housing-legacy/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Bill de Blasio is Still in His First Term and We're Already Debating His Housing Legacy</a> (City Limits, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Homelessness: <a href="http://www.wnyc.org/story/de-blasios-homelessness-struggle/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">De Blasio's Homelessness Struggle</a> (WNYC, October 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Transit: <a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/city/6855-de-blasio-s-piecemeal-transportation-agenda" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">De Blasio's 'Piecemeal' Transportation Agenda</a> (Gotham Gazette, April 2017)</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Homelessness: <a href="http://www.thedailybeast.com/bill-de-blasios-big-homelessness-problem" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Bill de Blasio's Big Homelessness Problem</a> (Gotham Gazette/The Daily Beast, July 2017)</li> </ul> <p>More to read/view/hear:</p> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.ny1.com/nyc/all-boroughs/politics/2017/10/19/a-look-at-mayor-de-blasio-s-record-on-nyc-transportation" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A look at Mayor de Blasio's record on transportion</a> (NY1)&nbsp;</li> <li><a href="http://www.ny1.com/nyc/all-boroughs/politics/2017/10/03/bill-de-blasio-record-on-crime-as-mayor-nyc-nypd" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A look at Mayor de Blasio's record on policing</a> (NY1)</li> </ul> <p>

***
by Ben Max, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
Experts Analyze Mayor De Blasio's Jobs Plan 2017-09-20T04:00:00+00:00 2017-09-20T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=7208:experts-analyze-mayor-de-blasio-s-jobs-plan Samar Khurshid <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/32122764952_40cb06af67_z.jpg" alt="32122764952 40cb06af67 z" width="600" /></p> <p>Mayor de Blasio and Deputy Mayor Alicia Glen (photo: Edwin J. Torres/Mayor's Office)</p> <hr /> <p>An expert panel convened at The New School on Wednesday by the Center for An Urban Future delved into Mayor Bill de Blasio’s plan to create 100,000 “good-paying” jobs in the next ten years, discussing the challenges of growing the city’s economy while ensuring that New Yorkers are its beneficiaries.</p> <p>The mayor’s “<a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/414-17/100-000-good-paying-jobs-mayor-de-blasio-releases-10-year-plan-invest-new-industries-raise#/0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">New York Works</a>” plan, unveiled in June, envisions targeted city investments in booming or burgeoning industries such as cybersecurity, life sciences, virtual reality, tech, culture, freight, and manufacturing to create 10,000 jobs each year that pay at least $50,000 a year, promoting the middle class and reducing income inequality in the city. Some have questioned the less-than-ambitious goal -- the city has created on average about 90,000 jobs each year in the last decade -- while others have raised concerns that the new jobs may not be sufficiently well-paying in a city that is increasingly unaffordable for many. The panel of experts explored those issues, and the related economic factors that they agreed were necessary to facilitate and maximize the impact of the job creation plan.</p> <p>Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development Alicia Glen kicked off the event with the administration’s pitch for its ten-year plan. She pointed to the city’s record-high employment rates and job growth -- employment is at 4.4 million jobs, unemployment is at 4 percent this year and the private sector has grown overall by 9 percent under this administration -- and laid out the strategies for creating quality jobs through city actions. Notably, the 100,000 target only accounts for jobs created directly through city intervention, and doesn't include employment that may be created as a secondary result.</p> <p>“It’s really important to remember there’s a short game here and a long game and we have to play both of them,” she said, touting the administration’s first-term achievements as contributors to a stronger economy including universal pre-kindergarten, improvements in educational achievement, record-low crimes and the building of affordable housing, among other factors.</p> <p>But she recognized that industry trends such as automation and globalisation are increasingly impacting the middle class and that the city would have to actively intervene to stem job losses and promote growth in specific sectors “where specific government intervention in either space or talent or certain kinds of incentive structures, we believe, are actually necessary for them to reach their true potential. So this is on top of any organic growth that would happen without our interventions.”</p> <p>She also noted that the administration has leveraged its land use and regulatory powers to encourage economic development. Referring to comprehensive land use changes passed in East Midtown, Far Rockaway and East New York, she said, “All of these neighborhood rezoning plans are not just about housing, it’s also about creating opportunity for smart job growth and many of those will have very interesting overlaps with this plan.”</p> <p>After Glen spoke, she quickly departed and a five-member panel comprising real estate insiders and urban policy experts, and one City Council member, took the stage.</p> <p>Panel moderator Winston Fisher, a partner at real estate firm Fisher Brothers and co-chair of the NYC Regional Economic Development Council, posed the central question. “If the economy is doing so well...do we need a strategy for good jobs?” he asked. “Why do we need this and how do we even measure this?”</p> <p>“Absolutely we need it,” said Jonathan Bowles, executive director of the Center for an Urban Future. “This is the big economic development question today.” Bowles noted that projections show seven out of the ten occupations that will create the most jobs in the next ten years will be in low-wage sectors, and the other three in high-wage fields. “It’s not just that we need more jobs, we need more good-paying jobs that are accessible for a broad range of New Yorkers because so few of the new jobs are in that middle range that are accessible to people without a college degree.”</p> <p>There was general praise for the administration's jobs plan but certain concerns among the members of the panel about whether it targets the right population, whether job growth will directly benefit the city’s residents, and whether it adequately accounts for the overarching factors that affect the economy and income inequality at large.</p> <p>City Council Member Dan Garodnick, chair of the economic development committee, questioned whether the administration was being sufficiently ambitious in aiming for 100,000 jobs. “I do think we need to be asking the question, is that the right number? Is it aspirational enough?”</p> <p>But panellist Seth Pinsky, executive vice president at RXR, a real estate firm, and former president of the NYC Economic Development Corporation, said the problem was not the number of jobs. His “quibble” about the plan was that it does not explicitly address the need to bring jobs to those who require them most, particularly New Yorkers without an advanced education.</p> <p>“The problem is not creating jobs, it’s who’s getting the jobs,” Pinsky said, noting that the unemployment rate for those without a high school degree is three times that of those with a master’s degree or higher. That was, for him, the biggest challenge for the city, noting that the administration would need to figure out how to “creatively” educate those without a formal education and also establish a robust safety net for those who are likely to never catch up in education and job skills in increasingly automated industries. “This is a problem that’s bigger than New York City, it’s a problem that cities and countries all over the world are dealing with,” he said.</p> <p>Kevin Ryan, an entrepreneur and founder of companies including MongoDB, Zola, Workframe and NoMad Health, echoed that uncertainty. Although the high school graduation rate in the city hit an all-time high of 79.4 percent last year, Ryan was pessimistic about the job prospects of the more than 20 percent who don’t receive diplomas. He also pointed to the city’s lack of affordable housing and abysmal transit infrastructure as factors that negatively impact the economy.</p> <p>Marlene Cintron, president of the Bronx Overall Economic Development Corporation, stressed that jobs created should meet the needs of residents of communities and also the needs of current and prospective employers. Chiefly, she said, it was necessary to ensure that “our students, our New York City residents get the first bite of this New York City apple…Economic development and jobs start at the cradle, we need a healthy child, we need a great excellent education system, we need affordable education...to ensure our kids get the first crack at the apple.”</p> <p>One of the more pressing issues, repeated often by different panellists, was the need to enhance affordability to complement increased wages among lower- and middle-wage job holders.</p> <p>Pinsky emphasized the role real estate could play, by increasing housing density to create more affordability. And, if the city were to invest heavily in transit infrastructure and connectivity across the boroughs, he said, it would relieve stress on the housing market and automatically lead to more affordable housing units farther from the city center. He also pointed out that, since the economy is not organically creating middle-wage jobs, the city should take an aggressive approach to incentivise companies to create those jobs through subsidies, similar to the way the de Blasio administration has approached affordable housing.</p> <p>Cintron repeatedly emphasized the need for affordable education, which she suggested could be implemented through the CUNY and SUNY systems by New York State, building on the recent Excelsior program that provides tuition-free college for families making $100,000 a year or less. Ryan added that creating a more affordable city, through infrastructure and housing, would also discourage companies from outsourcing jobs and would draw more qualified workers to the city.</p> <p>Pinsky, Bowles and Garodnick also touched on the broader economic conditions that are necessary to promote job creation. Noting Pinsky’s argument about workforce development, Bowles said the mayor’s plan would need to incorporate jobs training and skill building to create a “talent pipeline” across diverse sectors. And he said that it was impossible to tell which job sector would grow the fastest. “We do know that New York has this amazing opportunity to scale up our small businesses,” he said, emphasizing that that could create more middle-wage jobs with benefits.</p> <p>Pinsky agreed that certain sectors were ripe for growth, but he said it was a mistake for the city to focus too heavily on them. “People in government often think that they’re chasing the next big thing when, in fact, what they’re chasing is the last big thing,” he said. “We’re much better off trying to create the conditions for all sectors to thrive and then to let the marketplace sort through which are the ones that actually should be here and which are the ones that have a less logical connection to a specific place like New York.”</p> <p>Reiterating that point, Garodnick said, “The plan makes only passing reference to those general conditions which are necessary for businesses to be successful in New York.” He said the city needed to account for the “fundamentals” that affect economic activity, be it the ongoing subway crisis or traffic congestion. “Until we’re adequately dealing with those, we’re gonna have challenges,” he said. He did praise the administration for including land use policy in the jobs plan, but was disappointed with inadequate steps taken to relieve burdens on small businesses. In particular, he called for reforming the commercial rent tax that is levied on businesses below 96th Street in Manhattan. “We can’t ignore some of these other issues that the city can actually act on right now,” he said.</p> <p>Bowles agreed that the city should foster an “ecosystem” to strengthen small businesses and put resources into modernizing infrastructure, which would naturally create jobs as well.</p> <p>The de Blasio administration is well aware that achieving its goals will require an organic approach that meets the needs of the economy as it develops and changes. Deputy Mayor Glen noted as much on Wednesday. “This is a ten-year plan,” she said. “I can’t say in year eight or nine where every single job is going to be. That would be an unrealistic expectation. So we have to be nimble, we have to be thoughtful. We have to adapt in real-time to changes in technology, to changes in capital markets, to changes in political and regional realities.”</p> <p>

***
by Samar Khurshid, City government reporter, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/32122764952_40cb06af67_z.jpg" alt="32122764952 40cb06af67 z" width="600" /></p> <p>Mayor de Blasio and Deputy Mayor Alicia Glen (photo: Edwin J. Torres/Mayor's Office)</p> <hr /> <p>An expert panel convened at The New School on Wednesday by the Center for An Urban Future delved into Mayor Bill de Blasio’s plan to create 100,000 “good-paying” jobs in the next ten years, discussing the challenges of growing the city’s economy while ensuring that New Yorkers are its beneficiaries.</p> <p>The mayor’s “<a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/414-17/100-000-good-paying-jobs-mayor-de-blasio-releases-10-year-plan-invest-new-industries-raise#/0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">New York Works</a>” plan, unveiled in June, envisions targeted city investments in booming or burgeoning industries such as cybersecurity, life sciences, virtual reality, tech, culture, freight, and manufacturing to create 10,000 jobs each year that pay at least $50,000 a year, promoting the middle class and reducing income inequality in the city. Some have questioned the less-than-ambitious goal -- the city has created on average about 90,000 jobs each year in the last decade -- while others have raised concerns that the new jobs may not be sufficiently well-paying in a city that is increasingly unaffordable for many. The panel of experts explored those issues, and the related economic factors that they agreed were necessary to facilitate and maximize the impact of the job creation plan.</p> <p>Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development Alicia Glen kicked off the event with the administration’s pitch for its ten-year plan. She pointed to the city’s record-high employment rates and job growth -- employment is at 4.4 million jobs, unemployment is at 4 percent this year and the private sector has grown overall by 9 percent under this administration -- and laid out the strategies for creating quality jobs through city actions. Notably, the 100,000 target only accounts for jobs created directly through city intervention, and doesn't include employment that may be created as a secondary result.</p> <p>“It’s really important to remember there’s a short game here and a long game and we have to play both of them,” she said, touting the administration’s first-term achievements as contributors to a stronger economy including universal pre-kindergarten, improvements in educational achievement, record-low crimes and the building of affordable housing, among other factors.</p> <p>But she recognized that industry trends such as automation and globalisation are increasingly impacting the middle class and that the city would have to actively intervene to stem job losses and promote growth in specific sectors “where specific government intervention in either space or talent or certain kinds of incentive structures, we believe, are actually necessary for them to reach their true potential. So this is on top of any organic growth that would happen without our interventions.”</p> <p>She also noted that the administration has leveraged its land use and regulatory powers to encourage economic development. Referring to comprehensive land use changes passed in East Midtown, Far Rockaway and East New York, she said, “All of these neighborhood rezoning plans are not just about housing, it’s also about creating opportunity for smart job growth and many of those will have very interesting overlaps with this plan.”</p> <p>After Glen spoke, she quickly departed and a five-member panel comprising real estate insiders and urban policy experts, and one City Council member, took the stage.</p> <p>Panel moderator Winston Fisher, a partner at real estate firm Fisher Brothers and co-chair of the NYC Regional Economic Development Council, posed the central question. “If the economy is doing so well...do we need a strategy for good jobs?” he asked. “Why do we need this and how do we even measure this?”</p> <p>“Absolutely we need it,” said Jonathan Bowles, executive director of the Center for an Urban Future. “This is the big economic development question today.” Bowles noted that projections show seven out of the ten occupations that will create the most jobs in the next ten years will be in low-wage sectors, and the other three in high-wage fields. “It’s not just that we need more jobs, we need more good-paying jobs that are accessible for a broad range of New Yorkers because so few of the new jobs are in that middle range that are accessible to people without a college degree.”</p> <p>There was general praise for the administration's jobs plan but certain concerns among the members of the panel about whether it targets the right population, whether job growth will directly benefit the city’s residents, and whether it adequately accounts for the overarching factors that affect the economy and income inequality at large.</p> <p>City Council Member Dan Garodnick, chair of the economic development committee, questioned whether the administration was being sufficiently ambitious in aiming for 100,000 jobs. “I do think we need to be asking the question, is that the right number? Is it aspirational enough?”</p> <p>But panellist Seth Pinsky, executive vice president at RXR, a real estate firm, and former president of the NYC Economic Development Corporation, said the problem was not the number of jobs. His “quibble” about the plan was that it does not explicitly address the need to bring jobs to those who require them most, particularly New Yorkers without an advanced education.</p> <p>“The problem is not creating jobs, it’s who’s getting the jobs,” Pinsky said, noting that the unemployment rate for those without a high school degree is three times that of those with a master’s degree or higher. That was, for him, the biggest challenge for the city, noting that the administration would need to figure out how to “creatively” educate those without a formal education and also establish a robust safety net for those who are likely to never catch up in education and job skills in increasingly automated industries. “This is a problem that’s bigger than New York City, it’s a problem that cities and countries all over the world are dealing with,” he said.</p> <p>Kevin Ryan, an entrepreneur and founder of companies including MongoDB, Zola, Workframe and NoMad Health, echoed that uncertainty. Although the high school graduation rate in the city hit an all-time high of 79.4 percent last year, Ryan was pessimistic about the job prospects of the more than 20 percent who don’t receive diplomas. He also pointed to the city’s lack of affordable housing and abysmal transit infrastructure as factors that negatively impact the economy.</p> <p>Marlene Cintron, president of the Bronx Overall Economic Development Corporation, stressed that jobs created should meet the needs of residents of communities and also the needs of current and prospective employers. Chiefly, she said, it was necessary to ensure that “our students, our New York City residents get the first bite of this New York City apple…Economic development and jobs start at the cradle, we need a healthy child, we need a great excellent education system, we need affordable education...to ensure our kids get the first crack at the apple.”</p> <p>One of the more pressing issues, repeated often by different panellists, was the need to enhance affordability to complement increased wages among lower- and middle-wage job holders.</p> <p>Pinsky emphasized the role real estate could play, by increasing housing density to create more affordability. And, if the city were to invest heavily in transit infrastructure and connectivity across the boroughs, he said, it would relieve stress on the housing market and automatically lead to more affordable housing units farther from the city center. He also pointed out that, since the economy is not organically creating middle-wage jobs, the city should take an aggressive approach to incentivise companies to create those jobs through subsidies, similar to the way the de Blasio administration has approached affordable housing.</p> <p>Cintron repeatedly emphasized the need for affordable education, which she suggested could be implemented through the CUNY and SUNY systems by New York State, building on the recent Excelsior program that provides tuition-free college for families making $100,000 a year or less. Ryan added that creating a more affordable city, through infrastructure and housing, would also discourage companies from outsourcing jobs and would draw more qualified workers to the city.</p> <p>Pinsky, Bowles and Garodnick also touched on the broader economic conditions that are necessary to promote job creation. Noting Pinsky’s argument about workforce development, Bowles said the mayor’s plan would need to incorporate jobs training and skill building to create a “talent pipeline” across diverse sectors. And he said that it was impossible to tell which job sector would grow the fastest. “We do know that New York has this amazing opportunity to scale up our small businesses,” he said, emphasizing that that could create more middle-wage jobs with benefits.</p> <p>Pinsky agreed that certain sectors were ripe for growth, but he said it was a mistake for the city to focus too heavily on them. “People in government often think that they’re chasing the next big thing when, in fact, what they’re chasing is the last big thing,” he said. “We’re much better off trying to create the conditions for all sectors to thrive and then to let the marketplace sort through which are the ones that actually should be here and which are the ones that have a less logical connection to a specific place like New York.”</p> <p>Reiterating that point, Garodnick said, “The plan makes only passing reference to those general conditions which are necessary for businesses to be successful in New York.” He said the city needed to account for the “fundamentals” that affect economic activity, be it the ongoing subway crisis or traffic congestion. “Until we’re adequately dealing with those, we’re gonna have challenges,” he said. He did praise the administration for including land use policy in the jobs plan, but was disappointed with inadequate steps taken to relieve burdens on small businesses. In particular, he called for reforming the commercial rent tax that is levied on businesses below 96th Street in Manhattan. “We can’t ignore some of these other issues that the city can actually act on right now,” he said.</p> <p>Bowles agreed that the city should foster an “ecosystem” to strengthen small businesses and put resources into modernizing infrastructure, which would naturally create jobs as well.</p> <p>The de Blasio administration is well aware that achieving its goals will require an organic approach that meets the needs of the economy as it develops and changes. Deputy Mayor Glen noted as much on Wednesday. “This is a ten-year plan,” she said. “I can’t say in year eight or nine where every single job is going to be. That would be an unrealistic expectation. So we have to be nimble, we have to be thoughtful. We have to adapt in real-time to changes in technology, to changes in capital markets, to changes in political and regional realities.”</p> <p>

***
by Samar Khurshid, City government reporter, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
What’s The [DATA] Point? 100,000, with Deputy Mayor Alicia Glen 2017-07-27T04:00:00+00:00 2017-07-27T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=7090:what-s-the-data-point-100-000-with-deputy-mayor-alicia-glen Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/whats-the-data-point.jpg" alt="whats the data point" width="600" height="600" /></p> <hr /> <p><strong>What's The Data Point? Episode 6</strong><strong>&nbsp;-- 100,000, with Alicia Glen, Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development.&nbsp;<strong> [You can download What's The Data Point? wherever you get your podcasts, including on iTunes]</strong></strong></p> <p>For this episode of What's The [Data] Point?, a podcast from Citizens Budget Commission and Gotham Gazette, we were joined by Alicia Glen, New York City Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development, who discussed the rezoning of East Midtown, the de Blasio administration's new jobs plan, and the recent tweaks to the administration's housing plan. Glen explains the significance of the East Midtown deal, which just came together and passed through City Council committee, and discusses key aspects of the jobs plan, which seeks to create 100,000 jobs that pay at least $50,000 annually over ten years.<strong><br /></strong></p> <p>Listen to the conversation and let us know what you think: Ben Max of GG (<a href="https://twitter.com/TweetBenMax">@TweetBenMax</a>), Maria Doulis (<a href="https://twitter.com/MariaDoulis">@MariaDoulis</a>) of CBC, and guest Alicia Glen (<a href="https://twitter.com/DMAliciaGlen" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">@DMAliciaGlen</a>).</p> <p><iframe src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/335148981&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;visual=true" width="100%" height="300" frameborder="no" scrolling="no"></iframe></p> <p>

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by Ben Max, Gotham Gazette
     

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</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/whats-the-data-point.jpg" alt="whats the data point" width="600" height="600" /></p> <hr /> <p><strong>What's The Data Point? Episode 6</strong><strong>&nbsp;-- 100,000, with Alicia Glen, Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development.&nbsp;<strong> [You can download What's The Data Point? wherever you get your podcasts, including on iTunes]</strong></strong></p> <p>For this episode of What's The [Data] Point?, a podcast from Citizens Budget Commission and Gotham Gazette, we were joined by Alicia Glen, New York City Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development, who discussed the rezoning of East Midtown, the de Blasio administration's new jobs plan, and the recent tweaks to the administration's housing plan. Glen explains the significance of the East Midtown deal, which just came together and passed through City Council committee, and discusses key aspects of the jobs plan, which seeks to create 100,000 jobs that pay at least $50,000 annually over ten years.<strong><br /></strong></p> <p>Listen to the conversation and let us know what you think: Ben Max of GG (<a href="https://twitter.com/TweetBenMax">@TweetBenMax</a>), Maria Doulis (<a href="https://twitter.com/MariaDoulis">@MariaDoulis</a>) of CBC, and guest Alicia Glen (<a href="https://twitter.com/DMAliciaGlen" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">@DMAliciaGlen</a>).</p> <p><iframe src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/335148981&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;visual=true" width="100%" height="300" frameborder="no" scrolling="no"></iframe></p> <p>

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by Ben Max, Gotham Gazette
     

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‘Interventionist’ De Blasio Unveils Ten-Year Jobs Plan 2017-06-15T04:00:00+00:00 2017-06-15T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=7004:interventionist-de-blasio-unveils-ten-year-jobs-plan Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/bdb_jobs_booklet_presser_works.jpg" alt="bdb jobs booklet presser works" width="600" height="275" /></p> <p>The Mayor &amp; his jobs plan (photo: Felipe De La Hoz)</p> <hr /> <p>Holding up a glossy, 114-page booklet emblazoned with “New York Works” in bold yellow lettering – the same words hanging from the wall behind him – Mayor Bill de Blasio promised on Thursday to make New York City the “capital of cyber security.”</p> <p>Cyber security is one plank in the mayor’s ten-year job creation plan, which he announced from the sleek Garment District offices of SecurityScorecard, a firm specializing in cyber security monitoring and threat detection. Cyber security has been identified as a growth sector, one that will be home to more jobs if the city helps spur it along, the mayor explained.</p> <p><a href="https://newyorkworks.cityofnewyork.us/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The overall jobs plan</a>, largely put together by Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development Alicia Glen, promises 100,000 jobs with “good wages” – defined as an annual salary of at least $50,000, which the mayor admitted was somewhat an arbitrary number – through 25 initiatives.</p> <p>Ultimately, the proposal was framed as a way to create a “critical mass” of tech innovation, as the mayor put it, and ensure New Yorkers enter into fields allowing them to live in the city without being “rent-burdened” – spending more than 30 percent of one’s income on rent. The jobs plan is the other side of the coin to the mayor’s 200,000-unit affordable housing plan, which he and Glen unveiled in 2014; both of which attack the city’s affordability crisis and the inequality that the mayor promised to address as a candidate.</p> <p>During the announcement and the press questioning that followed, de Blasio and Glen repeatedly stressed that the plan’s purpose was to create “jobs that would not be created otherwise” as opposed to riding the wave of growing industries and claiming credit. Glen, who said she had spent time studying other jobs plans at the municipal, state, and federal level, derided them as “usually about positioning yourself to take credit for a lot of different things that are going on in the economy already,” but insisted that this plan would supercede those by having a “quality screen” to the jobs.</p> <p>She said that only jobs that could be directly traced to the administration’s efforts would be counted towards the stated job-creation goal, though the exact criteria that would be used was not made clear. The administration committed to providing yearly progress reports.</p> <p>The mayor also couched the proposal as part of what he called a “high investment model of government,” and characterized the proposals -- a variety of city efforts including new uses of city land, workforce development, deal-brokering, and more -- as “investment,” with job gains the expected return.</p> <p>“Private sector folks do key off of government signals, and government actions, and government investments,” he said, and alluded to conversations with tech leaders in which an obstacle had been “a certain amount of lack of cognition on how to get started in New York.” He argued that the investments would demonstrate to job-creators that New York City was serious about accepting their business.</p> <p>The initiatives are subdivided into five areas: tech – the largest, with 30,000 projected jobs; life sciences and healthcare (15,000 projected jobs); industrial and manufacturing (20,000 projected jobs); creative and cultural sectors (10,000 projected jobs); and, the especially and purposefully vague “space for jobs of the future” (25,000 projected jobs). The job targets are further broken down into particular projects, in what Economic Development Corporation President James Patchett called a “framework” that would be adjusted depending on changing industries and sectors. Patchett’s job includes shepherding the plan, adjusting its pieces, and meeting the targets.</p> <p>Under the industrial plank, the Brooklyn Navy Yard expansion is estimated to create 4,800 “good-paying jobs,” but some points are less clear, such as “discretionary tax incentives” leading to 1,500 jobs. The programs will be funded by $1.1 billion in already allocated spending, plus $250 million that “the administration will apply in its November and January updates to the budget.”</p> <p>The job-creation plan comes at a time when the city’s unemployment rate has hovered at around 4 percent, a modern record-low and fact that has been routinely emphasized by the mayor. But, de Blasio explained the need to create jobs with good wages and long-term career options, allowing the city to “shape our own destiny” and lift more New Yorkers out of poverty.</p> <p>

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by Felipe De La Hoz, Gotham Gazette
     

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</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/bdb_jobs_booklet_presser_works.jpg" alt="bdb jobs booklet presser works" width="600" height="275" /></p> <p>The Mayor &amp; his jobs plan (photo: Felipe De La Hoz)</p> <hr /> <p>Holding up a glossy, 114-page booklet emblazoned with “New York Works” in bold yellow lettering – the same words hanging from the wall behind him – Mayor Bill de Blasio promised on Thursday to make New York City the “capital of cyber security.”</p> <p>Cyber security is one plank in the mayor’s ten-year job creation plan, which he announced from the sleek Garment District offices of SecurityScorecard, a firm specializing in cyber security monitoring and threat detection. Cyber security has been identified as a growth sector, one that will be home to more jobs if the city helps spur it along, the mayor explained.</p> <p><a href="https://newyorkworks.cityofnewyork.us/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The overall jobs plan</a>, largely put together by Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development Alicia Glen, promises 100,000 jobs with “good wages” – defined as an annual salary of at least $50,000, which the mayor admitted was somewhat an arbitrary number – through 25 initiatives.</p> <p>Ultimately, the proposal was framed as a way to create a “critical mass” of tech innovation, as the mayor put it, and ensure New Yorkers enter into fields allowing them to live in the city without being “rent-burdened” – spending more than 30 percent of one’s income on rent. The jobs plan is the other side of the coin to the mayor’s 200,000-unit affordable housing plan, which he and Glen unveiled in 2014; both of which attack the city’s affordability crisis and the inequality that the mayor promised to address as a candidate.</p> <p>During the announcement and the press questioning that followed, de Blasio and Glen repeatedly stressed that the plan’s purpose was to create “jobs that would not be created otherwise” as opposed to riding the wave of growing industries and claiming credit. Glen, who said she had spent time studying other jobs plans at the municipal, state, and federal level, derided them as “usually about positioning yourself to take credit for a lot of different things that are going on in the economy already,” but insisted that this plan would supercede those by having a “quality screen” to the jobs.</p> <p>She said that only jobs that could be directly traced to the administration’s efforts would be counted towards the stated job-creation goal, though the exact criteria that would be used was not made clear. The administration committed to providing yearly progress reports.</p> <p>The mayor also couched the proposal as part of what he called a “high investment model of government,” and characterized the proposals -- a variety of city efforts including new uses of city land, workforce development, deal-brokering, and more -- as “investment,” with job gains the expected return.</p> <p>“Private sector folks do key off of government signals, and government actions, and government investments,” he said, and alluded to conversations with tech leaders in which an obstacle had been “a certain amount of lack of cognition on how to get started in New York.” He argued that the investments would demonstrate to job-creators that New York City was serious about accepting their business.</p> <p>The initiatives are subdivided into five areas: tech – the largest, with 30,000 projected jobs; life sciences and healthcare (15,000 projected jobs); industrial and manufacturing (20,000 projected jobs); creative and cultural sectors (10,000 projected jobs); and, the especially and purposefully vague “space for jobs of the future” (25,000 projected jobs). The job targets are further broken down into particular projects, in what Economic Development Corporation President James Patchett called a “framework” that would be adjusted depending on changing industries and sectors. Patchett’s job includes shepherding the plan, adjusting its pieces, and meeting the targets.</p> <p>Under the industrial plank, the Brooklyn Navy Yard expansion is estimated to create 4,800 “good-paying jobs,” but some points are less clear, such as “discretionary tax incentives” leading to 1,500 jobs. The programs will be funded by $1.1 billion in already allocated spending, plus $250 million that “the administration will apply in its November and January updates to the budget.”</p> <p>The job-creation plan comes at a time when the city’s unemployment rate has hovered at around 4 percent, a modern record-low and fact that has been routinely emphasized by the mayor. But, de Blasio explained the need to create jobs with good wages and long-term career options, allowing the city to “shape our own destiny” and lift more New Yorkers out of poverty.</p> <p>

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by Felipe De La Hoz, Gotham Gazette
     

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</p>
De Blasio’s Jobs Plan Must Create Skilled Workers & High-Wage Careers for New Yorkers 2017-06-12T04:00:00+00:00 2017-06-12T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=6990:de-blasio-s-jobs-plan-must-create-skilled-workers-high-wage-careers-for-new-yorkers Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/jesse_laymon_rally.jpg" alt="jesse laymon rally" width="600" height="444" /></p> <p>Jesse Laymon, the author</p> <hr /> <p>Since Mayor de Blasio unveiled his new target of creating 100,000 new middle class jobs for New Yorkers -- jobs that pay “at least $50,000 a year” -- many have raised questions as to how the de Blasio administration plans to reach that goal. Is this promise just a repackaging of existing job creation or a genuine new effort to invest in growing New York’s middle class?</p> <p>We in the city’s workforce development community have an answer that would allow Mayor de Blasio to hit this new goal while making real progress towards reducing inequality in New York: don’t count up corporate promises and ribbon cuttings, but focus on graduations and job placements.</p> <p>That’s because there are two divergent visions for what it means for a local leader to “create jobs” – one that involves questionable accounting of the dubious effects of tax credits and new job sites, and one that involves direct investment in the local residents who can be prepared to fill skilled job openings across the city.</p> <p>Too often when local governments talk about creating jobs, they’re really talking about moving them around: making a deal with a big employer to trim a tax bill in exchange for the announcement of a new or improved facility located within municipal borders. But when ordinary citizens talk about the need to create jobs, we aren’t talking about the need to count employees whose office moved from Jersey City to Queens or from Chelsea to Sunset Park. We’re talking about helping people who are currently unemployed or underemployed lift themselves up out of poverty with a good-paying job.</p> <p>To shift the machinery of government from the former to the latter, Mayor de Blasio must first make a change within his administration. Currently, too much of the talk -- and the policy-making -- around “creating jobs” is centered on how to use city-owned property and subsidize new developments. That perpetuates the problem of counting job sites, even new job openings, instead of counting newly employed New Yorkers.</p> <p>Instead, the mayor should focus on investments in the people themselves, by empowering his Mayor’s Office of Workforce Development (WkDev), an entity whose entire mission is focused on the city’s workers.</p> <p>If WkDev were given the responsibility for achieving the mayor’s 100,000 jobs promise, and used its authority to coordinate the alphabet soup of city agencies that help unemployed and low-income jobseekers get the training they need, he could achieve his goal in a way that truly reduced inequality. WkDev already has the blueprint to achieve these goals: the city’s 2014 “Career Pathways” plan for investing in job training is a good one, but it sits largely unfunded and lacks a mandate for implementation by those city agencies.</p> <p>Second, the city needs to get on track towards meeting its most urgent Career Pathways budgetary promise – funding bridge programs. These are hybrid education/job skills courses that help people whose current educational or skills levels are too low to qualify them for immediate job placement or advanced skills courses. For example, a course for English-language learners that teaches English through a focus on healthcare, to prepare its graduates for open positions as home health aides. Or a high-school equivalency course with a focus on the math needed for technology jobs, set up to feed its graduates into an advanced tech skills program with a great track record for high-quality job placements. These bridge programs can launch people into a middle-class career track that they otherwise would be blocked from reaching.</p> <p><a href="https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/careerpathways/downloads/pdf/career-pathways-full-report.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The 2014 plan</a> pledged to devote $60 million annually by 2020 to these courses, but as of the FY 2018 budget the de Blasio administration had only invested about one-tenth that amount. Laying out a funding plan to reach that $60 million target by 2020 would go a long way towards helping currently under-skilled New Yorkers envision a future where they are filling one of the 100,000 good new jobs created by this administration.</p> <p>Equipping local residents to fill high-quality new jobs won’t be easy; it requires real investment in the city’s own people. But if the administration uses the tools at its disposal, it will take an important step to reducing income inequality in New York.</p> <p>***<br />Jesse Laymon is the Director of Policy at the <a href="http://www.nycetc.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">NYC Employment and Training Coalition</a>. On Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/jesselaymon" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">@JesseLaymon</a> &amp; <a href="https://twitter.com/NYCETC_org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">@NYCETC_org</a>.</p> <p>

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Have an op-ed idea or submission for Gotham Gazette? Email opinion@gothamgazette.com

</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/jesse_laymon_rally.jpg" alt="jesse laymon rally" width="600" height="444" /></p> <p>Jesse Laymon, the author</p> <hr /> <p>Since Mayor de Blasio unveiled his new target of creating 100,000 new middle class jobs for New Yorkers -- jobs that pay “at least $50,000 a year” -- many have raised questions as to how the de Blasio administration plans to reach that goal. Is this promise just a repackaging of existing job creation or a genuine new effort to invest in growing New York’s middle class?</p> <p>We in the city’s workforce development community have an answer that would allow Mayor de Blasio to hit this new goal while making real progress towards reducing inequality in New York: don’t count up corporate promises and ribbon cuttings, but focus on graduations and job placements.</p> <p>That’s because there are two divergent visions for what it means for a local leader to “create jobs” – one that involves questionable accounting of the dubious effects of tax credits and new job sites, and one that involves direct investment in the local residents who can be prepared to fill skilled job openings across the city.</p> <p>Too often when local governments talk about creating jobs, they’re really talking about moving them around: making a deal with a big employer to trim a tax bill in exchange for the announcement of a new or improved facility located within municipal borders. But when ordinary citizens talk about the need to create jobs, we aren’t talking about the need to count employees whose office moved from Jersey City to Queens or from Chelsea to Sunset Park. We’re talking about helping people who are currently unemployed or underemployed lift themselves up out of poverty with a good-paying job.</p> <p>To shift the machinery of government from the former to the latter, Mayor de Blasio must first make a change within his administration. Currently, too much of the talk -- and the policy-making -- around “creating jobs” is centered on how to use city-owned property and subsidize new developments. That perpetuates the problem of counting job sites, even new job openings, instead of counting newly employed New Yorkers.</p> <p>Instead, the mayor should focus on investments in the people themselves, by empowering his Mayor’s Office of Workforce Development (WkDev), an entity whose entire mission is focused on the city’s workers.</p> <p>If WkDev were given the responsibility for achieving the mayor’s 100,000 jobs promise, and used its authority to coordinate the alphabet soup of city agencies that help unemployed and low-income jobseekers get the training they need, he could achieve his goal in a way that truly reduced inequality. WkDev already has the blueprint to achieve these goals: the city’s 2014 “Career Pathways” plan for investing in job training is a good one, but it sits largely unfunded and lacks a mandate for implementation by those city agencies.</p> <p>Second, the city needs to get on track towards meeting its most urgent Career Pathways budgetary promise – funding bridge programs. These are hybrid education/job skills courses that help people whose current educational or skills levels are too low to qualify them for immediate job placement or advanced skills courses. For example, a course for English-language learners that teaches English through a focus on healthcare, to prepare its graduates for open positions as home health aides. Or a high-school equivalency course with a focus on the math needed for technology jobs, set up to feed its graduates into an advanced tech skills program with a great track record for high-quality job placements. These bridge programs can launch people into a middle-class career track that they otherwise would be blocked from reaching.</p> <p><a href="https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/careerpathways/downloads/pdf/career-pathways-full-report.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The 2014 plan</a> pledged to devote $60 million annually by 2020 to these courses, but as of the FY 2018 budget the de Blasio administration had only invested about one-tenth that amount. Laying out a funding plan to reach that $60 million target by 2020 would go a long way towards helping currently under-skilled New Yorkers envision a future where they are filling one of the 100,000 good new jobs created by this administration.</p> <p>Equipping local residents to fill high-quality new jobs won’t be easy; it requires real investment in the city’s own people. But if the administration uses the tools at its disposal, it will take an important step to reducing income inequality in New York.</p> <p>***<br />Jesse Laymon is the Director of Policy at the <a href="http://www.nycetc.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">NYC Employment and Training Coalition</a>. On Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/jesselaymon" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">@JesseLaymon</a> &amp; <a href="https://twitter.com/NYCETC_org" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">@NYCETC_org</a>.</p> <p>

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Have an op-ed idea or submission for Gotham Gazette? Email opinion@gothamgazette.com

</p>
Where’s the Mayor’s Jobs Plan? 2017-05-30T04:00:00+00:00 2017-05-30T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=6962:where-s-the-mayor-s-jobs-plan Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/34848928905_1c75a99343_z.jpg" alt="de blasio jobs tour" width="600" height="400" /></p> <p>Mayor de Blasio in the Bronx (photo:&nbsp;Ed Reed/Mayor's Office)</p> <hr /> <p>Kicking off his week in the Bronx, Mayor Bill de Blasio said May 22 that his administration’s efforts to fight inequality are working and that while unemployment has dropped significantly in the borough, there is more work to be done. “The Bronx has borne the brunt of that inequality crisis in many ways,” the mayor said, but what his administration is doing is “disproportionately benefiting the Bronx.”</p> <p>The mayor told those sitting with him -- senior administration officials and Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr. -- and any others paying attention that his administration is focused on “maximizing economic opportunity.” “[N]ot just any jobs,” the mayor said, “but in fact an increasing focus on good paying jobs, which is what I devoted the State of the City to.”</p> <p>De Blasio was referring to his February 13 speech, during which he announced that the city would invest in creating 100,000 permanent private sector jobs that pay more than $50,000 a year. It would be a ten-year plan, the mayor said, and while de Blasio offered a few examples of the economic sectors that would see some of that job growth -- tech, life sciences, renewable energy, manufacturing -- his announcement included few details. Soon after his State of the City, de Blasio explained that his administration would be releasing a detailed policy book, as it had done in 2014 with his 200,000-unit ten-year affordable housing plan and a few other major initiatives, to show where the jobs would come from and how.</p> <p>On and off for several weeks, the mayor defended setting the 100,000 goal without a roadmap to get there, saying that it was the target city experts could ambitiously but reasonably forecast and that the specifics would follow. He also found himself defending it as ambitious enough -- critics pointed out that the city has been adding jobs at a much more rapid pace over the last ten years, but the mayor explained that job growth was already slowing and that he is focused on the wage threshold.</p> <p>De Blasio has been asked about the plan, and when the public would see the details, at press conferences and his top aides were asked about it at multiple City Council budget hearings. At a late April news conference, Gotham Gazette asked when the jobs plan could be expected, whether it was imminent. “Not imminent in the sense of the next few weeks,” de Blasio said. “But, at some point this year I'll give you a better read on when."</p> <p>At a May 9 City Council budget hearing, the head of the city’s Economic Development Corporation, James Patchett, told Council members that de Blasio administration officials are working diligently on the plan.</p> <p>City Council Member Dan Garodnick, chair of the economic development committee, said, "We continue to have little clarity on the sources of jobs in the mayor's jobs plan.” Patchett said, “We can expect to have a plan very shortly,” but would not give an exact deadline, instead saying, “Certainly, I would love to have it come by the end of the summer. Hopefully sooner.”</p> <p>As Garodnick pressed for details and whether the 100,000 goal is the right one, Patchett said, “I think you’re right to ask for the plan, I think when you see it you’ll be able to better judge that. Broadly speaking, the 100,000 jobs target is focused on the specific ways the city is encouraging job growth, as opposed to more broadly in the economy.” Almost 300,000 jobs were created over the last three years, he added, but what the de Blasio administration is focused on is jobs created through city intervention and at the “good paying” threshold of $50,000 per year.</p> <p>According to City Hall, top de Blasio officials under Deputy Mayor Alicia Glen, who oversees housing and economic development, continue to meet weekly and a detailed jobs plan is indeed expected sometime this summer. Glen’s portfolio includes the Economic Development Corporation; Small Business Services, which runs workforce development programming; the Mayor’s Office of Media and Entertainment; and other agencies that will be integral to the jobs plan.</p> <p>“Senior leadership from across the administration has met weekly on the jobs plan for months now, and our work is in an advanced stage,” said Melissa Grace, a de Blasio spokesperson, in a statement. “This is a major undertaking that will improve the earning power and professional opportunities of thousands of New Yorkers. From Vision Zero to ThriveNYC to Housing New York, we’ve consistently delivered on these big multi-agency initiatives because we take the time to do them right.”</p> <p>The de Blasio administration has already released pieces of the plan, including an investment in the life sciences sector; manufacturing, garment, and fashion jobs in Brooklyn through enhanced use of both the Brooklyn Navy Yard and Brooklyn Army Terminal; and a new technology hub in Union Square. As those pieces and others have indicated, the plan will include both industry-specific initiatives and place-based efforts, leveraging city-owned land.</p> <p>Another example was announced Tuesday, with the Economic Development Corporation releasing “the next phase of the Futureworks NYC advanced manufacturing initiative.” It will create more than 2,000 jobs over five years, the EDC announcement says, through “a series of partner networks and programs to increase access to advanced manufacturing technology, support startups, and help traditional manufacturing companies implement new technologies to help them remain competitive.”</p> <p>De Blasio has repeatedly stressed that his government is investing and intervening in order to help New Yorkers find good-paying jobs, part of the mayor’s fight against inequality, attempt to make the city more affordable, and efforts to lift hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers out of poverty. While de Blasio has celebrated that unemployment in the city is hovering around an impressively low 4%, there are not necessarily enough middle-income private-sector jobs. The mayor argues that the city must take action to spur important types of job growth that will benefit New Yorkers.</p> <p>But, as with many headline-grabbing announcements by de Blasio, the key will be planning, execution, return on city investment, and proper metrics for evaluating the program’s efficacy. It’s still not clear exactly how the 100,000 number was pegged.</p> <p>When Gotham Gazette asked the mayor <a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/104-17/transcript-mayor-de-blasio-appoints-david-hansell-commissioner-the-administration-for" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">at a February news conference</a>, he said, “The 100,000 plan emerged from looking at the strands that were already starting to move and asking how far we could take them, and what was a fair numerical stretch-goal to reach for. And that’s very consistent with how we did the affordable housing plan, how we did the pre-K plan – you name it. You know the question on the table is always what’s in motion, where can we take it, and then push it to its farthest extent. And I thought it was an important thing to focus on and really give people a sense of where we were going and what we could achieve.”</p> <p>Pushed on whether the 100,000 number over 10 years is really a big goal, de Blasio said that critics are not really looking at the last 10 years fairly, noting that the economic crisis that began nearly 10 years ago made the subsequent job growth numbers unsustainable for many years.</p> <p>“[W]e had huge job loss, and then we had impressive rebounding," de Blasio said. "We’ve gotten a little comfortable because we had such extraordinary success over the last couple of years. The first two years alone that I was in office was about 250,000 jobs. The difference now is the keep generating an intensive pace of job creation, but to focus more on the high-paying jobs. That’s going to take government stimulative effect, if you will. That’s going to take us doing smart, strategic things to keep growth high.”</p> <p>EDC’s Patchett at the May 9 City Council budget hearing said the plan won’t “identify every sub-initiative of like 17 jobs here and 14 jobs there, because it’s over the next 10 years and...we need to be aware of the fact that the plan will change and the economy will change over time. But we are going to go sector by sector and talk about specific job targets and a series of specific initiatives that we can announce right away that will make up a significant portion of those jobs.”</p> <p>“OK, we’ll look forward to seeing that,” Council Member Garodnick responded.</p> <p>

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by Ben Max, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/34848928905_1c75a99343_z.jpg" alt="de blasio jobs tour" width="600" height="400" /></p> <p>Mayor de Blasio in the Bronx (photo:&nbsp;Ed Reed/Mayor's Office)</p> <hr /> <p>Kicking off his week in the Bronx, Mayor Bill de Blasio said May 22 that his administration’s efforts to fight inequality are working and that while unemployment has dropped significantly in the borough, there is more work to be done. “The Bronx has borne the brunt of that inequality crisis in many ways,” the mayor said, but what his administration is doing is “disproportionately benefiting the Bronx.”</p> <p>The mayor told those sitting with him -- senior administration officials and Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr. -- and any others paying attention that his administration is focused on “maximizing economic opportunity.” “[N]ot just any jobs,” the mayor said, “but in fact an increasing focus on good paying jobs, which is what I devoted the State of the City to.”</p> <p>De Blasio was referring to his February 13 speech, during which he announced that the city would invest in creating 100,000 permanent private sector jobs that pay more than $50,000 a year. It would be a ten-year plan, the mayor said, and while de Blasio offered a few examples of the economic sectors that would see some of that job growth -- tech, life sciences, renewable energy, manufacturing -- his announcement included few details. Soon after his State of the City, de Blasio explained that his administration would be releasing a detailed policy book, as it had done in 2014 with his 200,000-unit ten-year affordable housing plan and a few other major initiatives, to show where the jobs would come from and how.</p> <p>On and off for several weeks, the mayor defended setting the 100,000 goal without a roadmap to get there, saying that it was the target city experts could ambitiously but reasonably forecast and that the specifics would follow. He also found himself defending it as ambitious enough -- critics pointed out that the city has been adding jobs at a much more rapid pace over the last ten years, but the mayor explained that job growth was already slowing and that he is focused on the wage threshold.</p> <p>De Blasio has been asked about the plan, and when the public would see the details, at press conferences and his top aides were asked about it at multiple City Council budget hearings. At a late April news conference, Gotham Gazette asked when the jobs plan could be expected, whether it was imminent. “Not imminent in the sense of the next few weeks,” de Blasio said. “But, at some point this year I'll give you a better read on when."</p> <p>At a May 9 City Council budget hearing, the head of the city’s Economic Development Corporation, James Patchett, told Council members that de Blasio administration officials are working diligently on the plan.</p> <p>City Council Member Dan Garodnick, chair of the economic development committee, said, "We continue to have little clarity on the sources of jobs in the mayor's jobs plan.” Patchett said, “We can expect to have a plan very shortly,” but would not give an exact deadline, instead saying, “Certainly, I would love to have it come by the end of the summer. Hopefully sooner.”</p> <p>As Garodnick pressed for details and whether the 100,000 goal is the right one, Patchett said, “I think you’re right to ask for the plan, I think when you see it you’ll be able to better judge that. Broadly speaking, the 100,000 jobs target is focused on the specific ways the city is encouraging job growth, as opposed to more broadly in the economy.” Almost 300,000 jobs were created over the last three years, he added, but what the de Blasio administration is focused on is jobs created through city intervention and at the “good paying” threshold of $50,000 per year.</p> <p>According to City Hall, top de Blasio officials under Deputy Mayor Alicia Glen, who oversees housing and economic development, continue to meet weekly and a detailed jobs plan is indeed expected sometime this summer. Glen’s portfolio includes the Economic Development Corporation; Small Business Services, which runs workforce development programming; the Mayor’s Office of Media and Entertainment; and other agencies that will be integral to the jobs plan.</p> <p>“Senior leadership from across the administration has met weekly on the jobs plan for months now, and our work is in an advanced stage,” said Melissa Grace, a de Blasio spokesperson, in a statement. “This is a major undertaking that will improve the earning power and professional opportunities of thousands of New Yorkers. From Vision Zero to ThriveNYC to Housing New York, we’ve consistently delivered on these big multi-agency initiatives because we take the time to do them right.”</p> <p>The de Blasio administration has already released pieces of the plan, including an investment in the life sciences sector; manufacturing, garment, and fashion jobs in Brooklyn through enhanced use of both the Brooklyn Navy Yard and Brooklyn Army Terminal; and a new technology hub in Union Square. As those pieces and others have indicated, the plan will include both industry-specific initiatives and place-based efforts, leveraging city-owned land.</p> <p>Another example was announced Tuesday, with the Economic Development Corporation releasing “the next phase of the Futureworks NYC advanced manufacturing initiative.” It will create more than 2,000 jobs over five years, the EDC announcement says, through “a series of partner networks and programs to increase access to advanced manufacturing technology, support startups, and help traditional manufacturing companies implement new technologies to help them remain competitive.”</p> <p>De Blasio has repeatedly stressed that his government is investing and intervening in order to help New Yorkers find good-paying jobs, part of the mayor’s fight against inequality, attempt to make the city more affordable, and efforts to lift hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers out of poverty. While de Blasio has celebrated that unemployment in the city is hovering around an impressively low 4%, there are not necessarily enough middle-income private-sector jobs. The mayor argues that the city must take action to spur important types of job growth that will benefit New Yorkers.</p> <p>But, as with many headline-grabbing announcements by de Blasio, the key will be planning, execution, return on city investment, and proper metrics for evaluating the program’s efficacy. It’s still not clear exactly how the 100,000 number was pegged.</p> <p>When Gotham Gazette asked the mayor <a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/104-17/transcript-mayor-de-blasio-appoints-david-hansell-commissioner-the-administration-for" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">at a February news conference</a>, he said, “The 100,000 plan emerged from looking at the strands that were already starting to move and asking how far we could take them, and what was a fair numerical stretch-goal to reach for. And that’s very consistent with how we did the affordable housing plan, how we did the pre-K plan – you name it. You know the question on the table is always what’s in motion, where can we take it, and then push it to its farthest extent. And I thought it was an important thing to focus on and really give people a sense of where we were going and what we could achieve.”</p> <p>Pushed on whether the 100,000 number over 10 years is really a big goal, de Blasio said that critics are not really looking at the last 10 years fairly, noting that the economic crisis that began nearly 10 years ago made the subsequent job growth numbers unsustainable for many years.</p> <p>“[W]e had huge job loss, and then we had impressive rebounding," de Blasio said. "We’ve gotten a little comfortable because we had such extraordinary success over the last couple of years. The first two years alone that I was in office was about 250,000 jobs. The difference now is the keep generating an intensive pace of job creation, but to focus more on the high-paying jobs. That’s going to take government stimulative effect, if you will. That’s going to take us doing smart, strategic things to keep growth high.”</p> <p>EDC’s Patchett at the May 9 City Council budget hearing said the plan won’t “identify every sub-initiative of like 17 jobs here and 14 jobs there, because it’s over the next 10 years and...we need to be aware of the fact that the plan will change and the economy will change over time. But we are going to go sector by sector and talk about specific job targets and a series of specific initiatives that we can announce right away that will make up a significant portion of those jobs.”</p> <p>“OK, we’ll look forward to seeing that,” Council Member Garodnick responded.</p> <p>

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by Ben Max, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
Comptroller Examines Uneven Economic Growth in Gentrifying Neighborhoods 2017-04-25T04:00:00+00:00 2017-04-25T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=6890:comptroller-examines-uneven-economic-growth-in-gentrifying-neighborhoods Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/stringer-presser.jpg" alt="stringer presser" width="600" height="431" /></p> <p>Comptroller Stringer (photo: Samar Khurshid/Gotham Gazette)</p> <hr /> <p>The 15 neighborhoods that experienced the highest rates of gentrification in the city between 2000 and 2015 showed a monumental increase in new businesses and job growth but with an inequitable distribution of the accompanying benefits, according to a <a href="https://comptroller.nyc.gov/newsroom/comptroller-stringer-releases-first-of-its-kind-neighborhood-by-neighborhood-economic-analysis-and-proposes-new-strategies-to-empower-local-residents/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">new analysis</a> released Tuesday by Comptroller Scott Stringer.</p> <p>Stringer’s first-of-its-kind report, titled “The New Geography of Jobs: A Blueprint for Strengthening NYC Neighborhoods,” looked at economic activity in 15 gentrifying neighborhoods and examined trends in employment and entrepreneurial activity by industry, age, racial and ethnic groups. The neighborhoods were those identified by the NYU Furman Center in <a href="http://furmancenter.org/research/sonychan" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an analysis</a> of 55 “sub-borough areas” in 2015. Of these, 22 were classified as lower income and 33 as higher income. The gentrifying neighborhoods were those that were lower income in 1990 and had experienced rent increases beyond the median neighborhood.</p> <p>“We need to create an economy based on fairness,” Stringer said, speaking at the Chinese-American Planning Council on the Lower East Side. Stringer cited CPC’s work in the Lower East Side Employment Network, a successful workforce development approach that he said should be the model for other neighborhoods. “We want to be able to lift up all groups of people and everyone in our communities. I believe this is about the need to support the idea of local wealth creation and we can only do that with innovative, collaborative and community-centric solutions,” the comptroller added.</p> <p>As economic activity increases in previously under-developed and lower-income neighborhoods, Stringer believes, the resulting opportunity, profits, and benefits should be experienced more evenly by all groups of residents.</p> <p>The number of businesses in the city grew from 203,698 to 237,198 in the 15-year period, the report found, with increased activity in the boroughs outside Manhattan. In Downtown and Midtown Manhattan, which have traditionally seen large concentrations of the city’s economic activity, the share of total businesses fell from 39 percent to 31 percent. But in the 15 gentrifying neighborhoods -- which include East and Central Harlem, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Crown Heights, Prospect Heights, Bushwick, Sunset Park, Brownsville and Ocean Hill -- there was a 45 percent increase in the number of businesses from 29,132 in 2000 to 42,261 in 2015.</p> <p>Although lower income communities saw greater growth than higher income districts across myriad industries, that growth was unevenly distributed. The report notes that while people of color own 34 percent of the city’s businesses, an uptick from years past, their share in the city’s overall economy, 16 percent of revenue and 21 percent of employment, remains relatively low. Black New Yorkers remain massively underrepresented, accounting for 22 percent of the city’s population but only owning 3 percent of businesses.</p> <p>The report also found that 17.2 percent of young adults, between 18 and 24 years old, were out of school and out of work (OSOW) in 2015, with racial and ethnic disparities in those numbers. Among OSOW youth in gentrifying neighborhoods, black and Hispanic youth represented 21 percent each, while white youth made up 12 percent.</p> <p>Stringer makes a number of recommendations in the report, aimed at connecting economic growth in a neighborhood to its residents. These include creating local network coordinators at workforce development providers to connect businesses with local job seekers; creating uniform assessments to evaluate and prepare job-seekers for the labor market; and assisting entrepreneurs and startups in scaling up their operations and setting up brick-and-mortar establishments; among other proposals.</p> <p>“My message today is this: skylines change, creation is a good thing,” Stringer said. “But we have to do a better job of harnessing this economic power in a way that serves everyone. We need to focus not on prices and not just on rent, but we also need to work on wealth creation, on linking long-term residents with new emerging jobs.”</p> <p>The comptroller noted, in response to a reporter, that housing affordability is still a crucial component of gentrification but emphasized the need to recognize changing demographics and economic challenges in those same neighborhoods. “What we need is a much more forceful workforce development plan because our data shows that there’s real possibility,” Stringer said, “but right now, for many communities, for many people, there’s a real disconnect between some of the benefits of changing neighborhoods, and it’s not filtering down to long-term residents.”</p> <p>Stringer said this more robust city response to workforce development issues should be part of proposed rezonings that are being studied across the city. The de Blasio administration and local communities are in the process of developing plans to add development, population density, housing -- including affordable units, and neighborhood-specific changes like additional school seats and new parks, for example, to a variety of areas throughout the city. One plan, for East New York, was passed a year ago and is in the process of implementation. Others have moved slowly or stalled, though several, including for East Harlem, may be moving ahead more quickly soon.</p> <p>Stakeholders in the East New York rezoning, including local Council Member Rafael Espinal, pushed strongly for workforce development initiatives to be included in the final plan, particularly the establishment of a city-run Workforce1 career center that opened in December. Similar efforts are also underway in other neighborhoods facing proposed rezonings, with community advocates insisting that jobs created by development should go to local residents.</p> <p>Asked by Gotham Gazette about Mayor Bill de Blasio’s recently announced plan to create 100,000 “good paying jobs” in the next ten years, Stringer had some cutting advice. “Anytime you want to say, ‘I can create 100,000 jobs,’ sure that’s OK, that’s a good thing,” he said, “but now we have to look at our emerging economies in the boroughs and what kinds of jobs are being created and are we matching good jobs with the citizens in those communities. And if we’re not, and we’re clearly not with communities of color in some of these neighborhoods, well what will you do about it? Can’t just say we’re gonna create jobs for people who can’t access those jobs? That’s not right.”</p> <p style="text-align: center;">[Related: <a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/city/6664-part-of-rezoning-plan-city-opens-new-career-help-center-in-east-new-york" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Part of Rezoning Plan, City Opens New Career Center in East New York</a>]</p> <p>

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by Samar Khurshid, City government reporter, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2017/stringer-presser.jpg" alt="stringer presser" width="600" height="431" /></p> <p>Comptroller Stringer (photo: Samar Khurshid/Gotham Gazette)</p> <hr /> <p>The 15 neighborhoods that experienced the highest rates of gentrification in the city between 2000 and 2015 showed a monumental increase in new businesses and job growth but with an inequitable distribution of the accompanying benefits, according to a <a href="https://comptroller.nyc.gov/newsroom/comptroller-stringer-releases-first-of-its-kind-neighborhood-by-neighborhood-economic-analysis-and-proposes-new-strategies-to-empower-local-residents/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">new analysis</a> released Tuesday by Comptroller Scott Stringer.</p> <p>Stringer’s first-of-its-kind report, titled “The New Geography of Jobs: A Blueprint for Strengthening NYC Neighborhoods,” looked at economic activity in 15 gentrifying neighborhoods and examined trends in employment and entrepreneurial activity by industry, age, racial and ethnic groups. The neighborhoods were those identified by the NYU Furman Center in <a href="http://furmancenter.org/research/sonychan" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an analysis</a> of 55 “sub-borough areas” in 2015. Of these, 22 were classified as lower income and 33 as higher income. The gentrifying neighborhoods were those that were lower income in 1990 and had experienced rent increases beyond the median neighborhood.</p> <p>“We need to create an economy based on fairness,” Stringer said, speaking at the Chinese-American Planning Council on the Lower East Side. Stringer cited CPC’s work in the Lower East Side Employment Network, a successful workforce development approach that he said should be the model for other neighborhoods. “We want to be able to lift up all groups of people and everyone in our communities. I believe this is about the need to support the idea of local wealth creation and we can only do that with innovative, collaborative and community-centric solutions,” the comptroller added.</p> <p>As economic activity increases in previously under-developed and lower-income neighborhoods, Stringer believes, the resulting opportunity, profits, and benefits should be experienced more evenly by all groups of residents.</p> <p>The number of businesses in the city grew from 203,698 to 237,198 in the 15-year period, the report found, with increased activity in the boroughs outside Manhattan. In Downtown and Midtown Manhattan, which have traditionally seen large concentrations of the city’s economic activity, the share of total businesses fell from 39 percent to 31 percent. But in the 15 gentrifying neighborhoods -- which include East and Central Harlem, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Crown Heights, Prospect Heights, Bushwick, Sunset Park, Brownsville and Ocean Hill -- there was a 45 percent increase in the number of businesses from 29,132 in 2000 to 42,261 in 2015.</p> <p>Although lower income communities saw greater growth than higher income districts across myriad industries, that growth was unevenly distributed. The report notes that while people of color own 34 percent of the city’s businesses, an uptick from years past, their share in the city’s overall economy, 16 percent of revenue and 21 percent of employment, remains relatively low. Black New Yorkers remain massively underrepresented, accounting for 22 percent of the city’s population but only owning 3 percent of businesses.</p> <p>The report also found that 17.2 percent of young adults, between 18 and 24 years old, were out of school and out of work (OSOW) in 2015, with racial and ethnic disparities in those numbers. Among OSOW youth in gentrifying neighborhoods, black and Hispanic youth represented 21 percent each, while white youth made up 12 percent.</p> <p>Stringer makes a number of recommendations in the report, aimed at connecting economic growth in a neighborhood to its residents. These include creating local network coordinators at workforce development providers to connect businesses with local job seekers; creating uniform assessments to evaluate and prepare job-seekers for the labor market; and assisting entrepreneurs and startups in scaling up their operations and setting up brick-and-mortar establishments; among other proposals.</p> <p>“My message today is this: skylines change, creation is a good thing,” Stringer said. “But we have to do a better job of harnessing this economic power in a way that serves everyone. We need to focus not on prices and not just on rent, but we also need to work on wealth creation, on linking long-term residents with new emerging jobs.”</p> <p>The comptroller noted, in response to a reporter, that housing affordability is still a crucial component of gentrification but emphasized the need to recognize changing demographics and economic challenges in those same neighborhoods. “What we need is a much more forceful workforce development plan because our data shows that there’s real possibility,” Stringer said, “but right now, for many communities, for many people, there’s a real disconnect between some of the benefits of changing neighborhoods, and it’s not filtering down to long-term residents.”</p> <p>Stringer said this more robust city response to workforce development issues should be part of proposed rezonings that are being studied across the city. The de Blasio administration and local communities are in the process of developing plans to add development, population density, housing -- including affordable units, and neighborhood-specific changes like additional school seats and new parks, for example, to a variety of areas throughout the city. One plan, for East New York, was passed a year ago and is in the process of implementation. Others have moved slowly or stalled, though several, including for East Harlem, may be moving ahead more quickly soon.</p> <p>Stakeholders in the East New York rezoning, including local Council Member Rafael Espinal, pushed strongly for workforce development initiatives to be included in the final plan, particularly the establishment of a city-run Workforce1 career center that opened in December. Similar efforts are also underway in other neighborhoods facing proposed rezonings, with community advocates insisting that jobs created by development should go to local residents.</p> <p>Asked by Gotham Gazette about Mayor Bill de Blasio’s recently announced plan to create 100,000 “good paying jobs” in the next ten years, Stringer had some cutting advice. “Anytime you want to say, ‘I can create 100,000 jobs,’ sure that’s OK, that’s a good thing,” he said, “but now we have to look at our emerging economies in the boroughs and what kinds of jobs are being created and are we matching good jobs with the citizens in those communities. And if we’re not, and we’re clearly not with communities of color in some of these neighborhoods, well what will you do about it? Can’t just say we’re gonna create jobs for people who can’t access those jobs? That’s not right.”</p> <p style="text-align: center;">[Related: <a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/city/6664-part-of-rezoning-plan-city-opens-new-career-help-center-in-east-new-york" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Part of Rezoning Plan, City Opens New Career Center in East New York</a>]</p> <p>

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by Samar Khurshid, City government reporter, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
Council Member Williams Forecasts End of Pledge Protest 2016-11-02T04:00:00+00:00 2016-11-02T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=6606:council-member-williams-forecasts-end-of-pledge-protest Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2016/williams_seated_peace.jpg" width="600" height="400" alt="williams seated peace" /></p> <p dir="ltr">Council Member Williams (photo: William Alatriste)</p> <hr /> <p dir="ltr">City Council Member Jumaane Williams, whose sit-down protest during the pledge of allegiance at the Council’s stated meetings has created waves and elicited both support and <a href="http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/nyc-councilman-ripped-racist-hate-mail-pledge-protest-article-1.2805996?cid=bitly" target="_blank">criticism</a>, said on Wednesday that he plans to again stand once Mayor de Blasio commits to an agenda for jobs for city youth.</p> <p dir="ltr">On the sidelines of a rally by police reform advocates outside City Hall, Williams said he intends to continue sitting out the pledge of allegiance at the biweekly meetings of the full Council. “I do intend to continue,” he told Gotham Gazette, thanking his colleagues for the support they have shown him. At last week’s stated meeting on Thursday, most of the City Council, including Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito, continued to stand after the pledge and then sang a verse of “Lift Every Voice and Sing,” known as the Black National Anthem. The song was meant as a <a href="http://www.politico.com/states/new-york/city-hall/story/2016/10/in-show-of-unity-council-sings-black-national-anthem-106822" target="_blank">display of unity</a>, organized by the co-chairs of the Black, Latino and Asian Caucus, Council Members Ritchie Torres and Robert Cornegy.</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams sat through the pledge and then rose to sing with his colleagues.</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams’ demonstration began in September as a show of solidarity with professional football player Colin Kaepernick of the San Francisco 49ers, who knelt through the pre-game pledge of allegiance to protest racial injustice in policing. But the Council member’s message goes beyond that, he said, to larger issues that affect communities of color, including gun violence, education, and employment.</p> <p dir="ltr">“When I initially did it, it was just out of frustration and I think the conversation is moving,” he said. “I think that’s what you want with these types of symbolic gestures,” Williams said. “I think that’s happened but I do want to make sure it is not just about policing. It’s about the disparate impact on all levels of life and resources that are lacking in these communities.”</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams now wants to connect his protest to an issue he has been advocating for as a solution to injustice and inequity in communities of color: youth employment. In that vein, he wants to increase awareness about the city’s Youth Employment Task Force, a collaborative initiative between the City Council and the Mayor’s Office that was <a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/787-16/mayor-de-blasio-speaker-mark-viverito-youth-employment-task-force" target="_blank">announced</a> at the end of September.&nbsp;</p> <p dir="ltr">The creation of the task force, chaired by Deputy Mayor Richard Buery and Council Member Julissa Ferreras-Copeland, who chairs the Council finance committee, followed a successful campaign earlier this year by Council members to push for increased funding for the city’s Summer Youth Employment Program.</p> <p dir="ltr">As a result of Council pressure, the administration agreed to fund 60,000 summer jobs for city youth. “Many of us have been pushing for universal youth jobs as a way to push back on the violence that’s going on that’s too heavily relied on the police to fix,” said Williams, “and I want to make sure that people know that task force is meeting.”</p> <p dir="ltr">The entire task force has already met twice, with the most recent meeting on Tuesday, and is set to meet at least twice more. They have also had several smaller working group meetings, according to a spokesperson for the mayor’s office, as well as focus group discussions to develop recommendations on expanding the SYEP program as well as the Work, Learn, Grow program, which provides career training and paid employment to youth during the school year. The spokesperson said the task force’s preliminary recommendations would be presented to the mayor and City Council by the end of the year.</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams said he expected that the task force will release its report sometime in January or February, before the mayor’s preliminary budget for the next fiscal year. After that he will look to end his protest. “I definitely plan on standing when that report comes out and the mayor fulfils his commitment,” he said.</p> <p dir="ltr">At an unrelated <a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/780-16/transcript-mayor-de-blasio-bold-new-vision-the-city-s-m-wbe-program" target="_blank">September 28 news conference</a>, when Mayor de Blasio was asked to weigh in on Williams’ protest and if he would consider participating in such a demonstration, he said he respected the motivations behind it but takes “a different view with absolute respect for others who disagree.”</p> <p>“I absolutely respect everyone's First Amendment rights. And I very much respect what's motivating this protest because this issue has to be addressed,” de Blasio said. “There's a fundamental inequality in this country – it has to be addressed...I take the view that the Pledge of Allegiance and saluting the flag during the national anthem are about an affirmation of our democracy that is still evolving that needs to get better, that needs to be truer to who we are and what we're supposed to be. And, I think that is a message unto itself that we believe we can fix things. But I also respect others who have a different choice and that is an American value that people get to make that choice.”</p> <p>

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by Samar Khurshid, City government reporter, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2016/williams_seated_peace.jpg" width="600" height="400" alt="williams seated peace" /></p> <p dir="ltr">Council Member Williams (photo: William Alatriste)</p> <hr /> <p dir="ltr">City Council Member Jumaane Williams, whose sit-down protest during the pledge of allegiance at the Council’s stated meetings has created waves and elicited both support and <a href="http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/nyc-councilman-ripped-racist-hate-mail-pledge-protest-article-1.2805996?cid=bitly" target="_blank">criticism</a>, said on Wednesday that he plans to again stand once Mayor de Blasio commits to an agenda for jobs for city youth.</p> <p dir="ltr">On the sidelines of a rally by police reform advocates outside City Hall, Williams said he intends to continue sitting out the pledge of allegiance at the biweekly meetings of the full Council. “I do intend to continue,” he told Gotham Gazette, thanking his colleagues for the support they have shown him. At last week’s stated meeting on Thursday, most of the City Council, including Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito, continued to stand after the pledge and then sang a verse of “Lift Every Voice and Sing,” known as the Black National Anthem. The song was meant as a <a href="http://www.politico.com/states/new-york/city-hall/story/2016/10/in-show-of-unity-council-sings-black-national-anthem-106822" target="_blank">display of unity</a>, organized by the co-chairs of the Black, Latino and Asian Caucus, Council Members Ritchie Torres and Robert Cornegy.</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams sat through the pledge and then rose to sing with his colleagues.</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams’ demonstration began in September as a show of solidarity with professional football player Colin Kaepernick of the San Francisco 49ers, who knelt through the pre-game pledge of allegiance to protest racial injustice in policing. But the Council member’s message goes beyond that, he said, to larger issues that affect communities of color, including gun violence, education, and employment.</p> <p dir="ltr">“When I initially did it, it was just out of frustration and I think the conversation is moving,” he said. “I think that’s what you want with these types of symbolic gestures,” Williams said. “I think that’s happened but I do want to make sure it is not just about policing. It’s about the disparate impact on all levels of life and resources that are lacking in these communities.”</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams now wants to connect his protest to an issue he has been advocating for as a solution to injustice and inequity in communities of color: youth employment. In that vein, he wants to increase awareness about the city’s Youth Employment Task Force, a collaborative initiative between the City Council and the Mayor’s Office that was <a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/787-16/mayor-de-blasio-speaker-mark-viverito-youth-employment-task-force" target="_blank">announced</a> at the end of September.&nbsp;</p> <p dir="ltr">The creation of the task force, chaired by Deputy Mayor Richard Buery and Council Member Julissa Ferreras-Copeland, who chairs the Council finance committee, followed a successful campaign earlier this year by Council members to push for increased funding for the city’s Summer Youth Employment Program.</p> <p dir="ltr">As a result of Council pressure, the administration agreed to fund 60,000 summer jobs for city youth. “Many of us have been pushing for universal youth jobs as a way to push back on the violence that’s going on that’s too heavily relied on the police to fix,” said Williams, “and I want to make sure that people know that task force is meeting.”</p> <p dir="ltr">The entire task force has already met twice, with the most recent meeting on Tuesday, and is set to meet at least twice more. They have also had several smaller working group meetings, according to a spokesperson for the mayor’s office, as well as focus group discussions to develop recommendations on expanding the SYEP program as well as the Work, Learn, Grow program, which provides career training and paid employment to youth during the school year. The spokesperson said the task force’s preliminary recommendations would be presented to the mayor and City Council by the end of the year.</p> <p dir="ltr">Williams said he expected that the task force will release its report sometime in January or February, before the mayor’s preliminary budget for the next fiscal year. After that he will look to end his protest. “I definitely plan on standing when that report comes out and the mayor fulfils his commitment,” he said.</p> <p dir="ltr">At an unrelated <a href="http://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/780-16/transcript-mayor-de-blasio-bold-new-vision-the-city-s-m-wbe-program" target="_blank">September 28 news conference</a>, when Mayor de Blasio was asked to weigh in on Williams’ protest and if he would consider participating in such a demonstration, he said he respected the motivations behind it but takes “a different view with absolute respect for others who disagree.”</p> <p>“I absolutely respect everyone's First Amendment rights. And I very much respect what's motivating this protest because this issue has to be addressed,” de Blasio said. “There's a fundamental inequality in this country – it has to be addressed...I take the view that the Pledge of Allegiance and saluting the flag during the national anthem are about an affirmation of our democracy that is still evolving that needs to get better, that needs to be truer to who we are and what we're supposed to be. And, I think that is a message unto itself that we believe we can fix things. But I also respect others who have a different choice and that is an American value that people get to make that choice.”</p> <p>

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by Samar Khurshid, City government reporter, Gotham Gazette
     

Read more by this writer.

</p>
On the Issues: Presidential Candidate Comparison 2016-10-31T04:00:00+00:00 2016-10-31T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=6601:presidential-candidate-comparison Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2016/election-candidates.png" alt="election candidates" width="600" height="399" /></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/#fullissue" target="_self" style="background-color: #02619c; border-radius: 25px; color: #fff; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bolder; margin: 2px; padding: 5px;" title="Click here to see the full list">Click here to see the full list</a></strong></p> <p> </p> <section> <article> <a id="fullissue"></a> <div id="hidden1" class="issues-list"> <h1>Vice President</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Tim Kaine of Virginia. U.S. Senator, former Governor of Virginia, former Mayor of Richmond.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Mike Pence of Indiana. Governor of Indiana, former member of the United States House of Represenatatives, where he was a leader of the Tea Party movement.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">William Weld of Massachusetts. Former Republican governor of Massachusetts 1991, former U.S. Senate candidate.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Ajamu Baraka of Georgia. Human rights activist, founding executive director of the U.S. Human Rights Network.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Bio</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Hillary Clinton, born in 1947, is most notable for serving as First Lady of the United States (1993-2001), a United States Senator from New York (2001-2009), and the United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013. She's known for, among other things, her push for national health care reform in 1993-1994 as First Lady.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Donald Trump, born in 1946, is a businessman, real estate mogul, and television personality. He has built further on the buisness empire started by his father and made a national name for his real estate and casino businesses, and as the host of The Apprentice.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Gary Johnson, born in 1953, founded what became one of the largest construction companies in New Mexico. Former governor of New Mexico, winning his longshot 1994 bid, serving two terms. Has long-favored small government. Also ran for President as the Libertarian Party nominee in 2012. He got 0.99% of the national vote that year.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Jill Stein, born in 1950, is a physician and activist whose biggest focus has been environmental and health issues. She was the Green Party Candidate for Governor of Massachusetts in 2002 and 2010, and the Green Party Candidate for President in 2012. She received 0.36% of the national vote that year.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Campaign Websites</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><span class="header"></span><span id="hc-positions"><a href="https://www.hillaryclinton.com">Campaign Website</a></span></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/HillaryClinton">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/hillaryclinton">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/hillaryclinton">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><span id="dt-positions"><a href="https://www.donaldjtrump.com">Campaign Website</a></span></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/DonaldTrump">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/donaldtrump">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><span id="gj-positions"><a href="https://www.johnsonweld.com">Campaign Website</a></span></p> <p><a href="http://www.twitter.com/govgaryjohnson">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.facebook.com/govgaryjohnson">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/c/govgaryjohnson">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a href="http://www.jill2016.com/">Campaign Website</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/drjillstein">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/drjillstein">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/jill2016">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Jobs</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton wants to invest in infrastructure to bolster the economy, including in clean energy. She is also focused on modernizing the economy through manufacturing and technology. She advocates for an increase in the minimum wage to $12 an hour nationally, with room for states to go higher, and she wants equal pay for equal work. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump believes that lower taxes and less regulation, as a whole, will bolster the economy. He believes the U.S. has agreed to bad trade deals, which he promises to renegotiate, that have led to lost American jobs to countries like Mexico and China. He promised to keep companies in the U.S. and to make American manufacturing great again.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson generally favors less regulation, though any regulation which reigns in harmful actors will stay, he says. He also believes that out-of-control spending has hurt the U.S. economy, and that this spending needs to be reigned in. He believes smaller and less government will allow the economy to flourish.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes in "living-wage jobs for every American who needs work." Government would be the last resort employer under this plan. She also believes in a $15 minimum wage and the breaking up of banks that are "too big to fail." Key to Stein's, and the Green Party's, platform is a "Green New Deal," which aims to create jobs through the building of clean energy infrastructure, so that America relies on 100% clean energy by 2030.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --><br /><br /> <h1>Taxes</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">"Hillary will implement a "fair share surcharge" on multi-millionaires and billionaires." She will also fight for measures like the Buffett Rule, so that wealthier individuals pay their fair share of taxes, she says. She also looks to close up any loopholes which benefit Wall Street, cut taxes for small businesses, and "provide tax relief to working families from the rising costs they face." A Clinton Administration will look to tax high-frequency trading on Wall Street.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump believes lower taxes will help the economy. In particular, he believes that business taxes are too high, and that they need to be lowered so that they are competitive with the rest of the world. He believes that a simplified tax system will help. Like many Democrats, Trump believes in closing the carried interest loophole. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson proposes getting rid of tax loopholes, as well as double taxes on small businesses. He favors "the replacement of all income and payroll taxes with a single consumption tax that determines your tax burden by how much you spend, not how much you earn."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants Wall Street corporations to pay their fair share in taxes. Also believes in a tax on companies that pollute. She believes in higher taxes for the wealthy, and lower taxes for the poor and middle class.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>National Debt</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">"From the Democratic Party Platform: ""We believe that by making those at the top and the largest corporations pay their fair share we can pay for ambitious progressive investments that create good-paying jobs and offer security to working families without adding to the debt."""</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">"You never have to default because you print the money," Trump said at one time. He has also suggested at times that borrowing is not a problem and that the U.S. could renegotiate its debt. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson plans to veto any bill which results in deficit spending. He also touts his record of vetoing many bills as governor of New Mexico, vetos he said helped balance New Mexico's budget. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein said on her campaign website in 2012 that she would reduce "the budget deficit by restoring full employment, cutting the bloated military budget, and cutting private health insurance waste."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Trade</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton has moved in her support for trade deals, and has a new rubric for them, saying they must provide jobs for Americans, not sacrifice U.S. security, and be good for American national and international priorities. She supported NAFTA in the past, but admits to troubling outcomes for American jobs, and after supporting the Trans-Pacific Partnership as it was in development, she has come out against the version put forward by the Obama Administration. On trade, she says she's held deals to "the same test. Will they create jobs in America? Will they raise incomes in America? And are they good for our national security?" </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has campaigned vocally against NAFTA, other past trade deals, and TPP. His vews on trade and the United States is best reflected in what he said at the Republican National Convention--"Americanism, not globalism, will be our credo."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson generally supports NAFTA, TPP, and any other free trade agreements. He believes that any jobs lost to NAFTA while he was Governor of New Mexico were jobs that New Mexico didn't want anyway.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes that NAFTA and other similar agreements takes away jobs, hurts wages, and overall has negative economic impacts on Americans. She wants to "enact fair trade laws that benefits local workers and communities."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Immigration</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">There are two major facets to Clinton's immigration plan: protect families and provide a pathway to citizenship. She says that comprehensive immigration reform is desperately needed.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump promises no amnesty to undocumented immigrants and promises mass deportations, though at times he has appeared to soften some of his stances. His major campaign promise is to end illegal immigration and to institute "extreme vetting" of individuals, especially refugees, seeking entrance into the country. He talks about having a secure border and promises to build a wall along the southern border that he promises Mexico will pay for. He has also questioned birthright citizenship.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson desn't believe that immigration is as simple as building a wall. "We should focus on creating a more efficient system of providing work visas, conducting background checks, and incentivizing non-citizens to pay their taxes, obtain proof of employment, and otherwise assimilate with our diverse society," his website says. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">"Create a welcoming path to citizenship for immigrants" is posted on Stein's website. Past policy positions also indicates that she is not in favor of the mass deportation of people which has happened under President Obama and promised to a greater degree by Trump.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Health Care</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton wants to defend, tweak, and expand, but not repeal, Obamacare. She praises how many more people have become insured, but she wants to get costs down.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump promises to repeal Obamacare, and replace it with something far better. He says health care companies must be allowed to sell policies across state lines. He also wants transparency with health care costs and providers, and to "allow individuals to fully deduct health insurance premium payments from their tax returns under the current tax system." He argues for increased competitive, not government regulation of health care. Trump has also said that everyone deserves health care.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Generally speaking, Johnson is in favor of repealing Obamacare. He believes that free market competition will do the best job of covering health care for people.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes in a Medicare for All system.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>The Environment</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton will encourage clean energy: "Launch a $60 billion Clean Energy Challenge to partner with states, cities, and rural communities to cut carbon pollution and expand clean energy, including for low-income families." "Invest in clean energy infrastructure, innovation, manufacturing and workforce development to make the U.S. economy more competitive and create good-paying jobs and careers." </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump does not discuss the environment much. He has called climate change a hoax. And, he believes that the Environmental Protection Agency has too many regulations.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson places emphasis on protection of National Parks and wants the Environmental Protection Agency to "focus on its true mission." He also believes in regulations to protect from pollutors, but also believes that the government meddles too much in deciding which companies determine the future of clean energy.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein and the Green Party are, historically, especially focused on the environment. The Green New Deal looks to have the U.S. be on 100% clean energy by 2030. Stein wants to end use of fossil fuels and any support thereof. She places a special emphasis on protecting ecosystems, and strengthening environmental justice laws.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Foreign Policy</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton believes that the United States should defend its allies, push for diplomacy whenever possible, and be firm but not overaggressive with rivals such as China, Russia, and Iran. She is known as an interventionist, but has also spent time negotiating peace deals as Secretary of State. Her vote in favor of the Iraq War as a U.S. Senator is one that she has long been criticized for and has herself called a mistake.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has an "America First" foreign policy, based on protecting the interests of the United States above all else, not meddling in other countries' affairs, protecting American security and jobs, seemingly no matter what it takes to do so. Trump has promised an aggressive approach with Mexico and illegal immigration, China and currency manipulation, and the Middle East and wars in the region. Trump has been criticized and questioned for an apparent coziness with Vladimir Putin of Russia, which he has denied.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that the U.S. meddles too much in foreign affairs and wars, and that needs to stop. He believes in fixing the problems that exist at home, while at the same time building relationships with allies abroad. Johnson has struggled with discussing foreign affairs on the campaign trail.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants to focus on diplomacy whenever possible, but also the punishment of abusers of human rights. Those human rights abusers include Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Israel, she says.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Combatting ISIS</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton looks to support counter-terrorism law enformcement with the tools they need, and an increase of the airstrike campaign against ISIS in the Middle East. She has called for an "intelligence surge" to help the U.S. in its efforts against ISIS and other foreign threats.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Generally speaking, Trump calls for a very aggressive military approach to ISIS, at times using expletives to explain his plan to bomb its forces and strongholds. He has repeatedly called for destroying oil fields that ISIS may have access to. But it is unclear to what extent he will pursue these strategies because he has not released as many plans regarding ISIS. Trump says U.S. leaders are foolish in telegraphing their military plans and that he will not divulge his. He has repeatedly insulted both U.S. political and military leaders.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that the "meddling" of past administrations, Republican and Democrat, have created the monster that is ISIS. He has not shown a particular adeptness at discussing foreign affairs or presenting a plan to help eliminate threats from ISIS.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein says little about ISIS, but overall she is calling for the U.S. to not be engaged in war and foreign intervention.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Gun Control</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton has made gun control a focus of her campaign; calling for expanding background checks, and keeping "guns out of the hands of domestic abusers, other violent criminals, and the severely mentally ill." Clinton has said she believes in the Second Amendment and responsible gun ownership, but that she wants to do more to keep guns out of the wrong hands.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump is pro-gun ownership and has promised to defend the Second Amendment. He believes that current gun regulations are a failure, and that background checks need to be fixed because it seems like criminals don't go through background checks. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson does not believe in increasing gun regulations. He is of the mind that if you take guns away only outlaws and criminals will have guns.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes that the ownership of guns should be regulated for the sake of public safety.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Justice Reform</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton supports legislation to end any form of racial profiling. She wants law enforcement to focus on violent crimes and not petty ones like possession of marijuana. National guidelines should be brought in on use of force, she says, and body cameras should be provided to every police department in the United States. She has regularly spoken about the need to improve community-police relationships and about incidents of police brutality against people of color. And, she believes in ending the use of private prisons.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump calls himself the "Law and Order candidate," though as to what that means in terms of policy is unclear, though he has advocated for a robust stop-and-frisk policy nationwide based on what he sees as its success in New York City. Trump often talks about the need to support and respect police.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that all unnecessary laws should be taken out so that not as many things are criminalized. He also believes that there should be an end to the "War on Drugs."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants to end police brutality and de-militarize the police. She, like Johnson, wants to end the War on Drugs. She also proposes that drug addictions are treated like a health problem, not a criminal one.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Education</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton supports the Common Core learning standards. She also believes in universal pre-kindergarten, college education that is debt free, and free tuition at all community colleges. She also looks to end overly punitive policies against students at schools and has discussed doing more for English Language Learners.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump rejects Common Core and believes that education decisions, as a whole, should be left up to states. He therefore wants to completely abolish the Department of Education.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson rejects Common Core and believes that education decisions should be left to the states. He also wants to abolish the Department of Education because he believes that the federal government has no right to be involved with education decisions.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein is not supportive of Common Core or standardized testing (and thinks curricula should be designed by educators). She prefers evaluation of teachers done by fellow professionals. She supports tuition-free, and debt-free, education through all four years of college. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>LGBTQ Rights</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton pushes for full rights for LGBTQ people, in the United States and around the world. Clinton has 'evolved' fairly quickly on related issues, like marriage equality.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump vows to protect LGBTQ citizens and has had several particularly significant moments, including at the Republican National Convention, around promoting and protecting LGBTQ rights. He has not stated personal support for same-sex marriage, but says that it is the law of the land and that it should be protected as such.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that the government should not be in the business of telling people who to marry. He therefore does not look to restrict same-sex marriage, and in fact he cites this non-government interference idea as a major reason why he supported same-sex marriage before many liberals did the same.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein says that she will seek to end all forms of discrimination against the LGBTQ community.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Abortion</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton looks to protect the reproductive rights of all women and protecting a woman's right to choose to have an abortion. She is also proud of her endorsement from Planned Parenthood.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump calls himself "pro-life" and at times has called for the defunding of Planned Parenthood. However he has at times touted a number of services that Planned Parenthood provides, and earlier in his life he considered himself "pro-choice." He has explained an 'evolution' on the issue. Trump has said that if he appoints several Supreme Court justices it is likely that Roe v. Wade is overturned.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that abortion is a deeply personal choice, and that as such the governnment should not be in the business of deciding who does or does not get abortions. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein views reproductive freedom as a key facet of tackling women's rights issues. She also wants to expand access to the "morning after" pill.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Supreme Court Vacancies</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">The Supreme Court, in Clinton's eyes, should help protect women's rights and LGBTQ rights, and overturn the Citizens United case. She has not committed to renominate President Obama's SCOTUS pick, Merrick Garland, for the currently vacant seat.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has stressed that the Supreme Court must protect the Second Amendment in particular, as it would be under threat, he says, if Clinton is elected President. Trump's SCOTUS nominees would be pro-life and more conservative in nature, he has said, pointing to recently-deceased Justice Antonin Scalia as a model.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson would use potential nominees' positions on cases such as Kelo v. City of New London (a 2005 case on the issue of eminent domain) and others related to key issues for Libertarians to determine who he might nominate to the SCOTUS.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein would nominate justices to the SCOTUS who would overturn Citizens United and help restrict the flow of corporate money into politics.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Campaign Finance Reform</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton supports an overturn of Citizens United to limit the impact of money in politics. She also wants legislation which will "require outside groups to publicly disclose significant political spending." Her other piece of suggested reform is to start a "small-donor matching system for presidential and congressional elections to give small donors greater influence."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has described Political Action Committees (PACs) as a "horrible thing" because he feels that PACs lack transparency. Trump has also claimed that politicians do favors for donors, citing his own experience as a donor. He does not promote, though, public financing of campaigns.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that spending in campaigns, including from unions and corporations, is perfectly allowable. Any restrictions on campaign finance would be a limit to free speech, in Johnson's opinion.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants an overturn of the 2010 Citizens United Supreme Court case. She believes that corporations should not be allowed to fund political campaigns, but believes that there should instead be public funding of campaigns.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <div>***<br />by Brendan Birth and Ben Max<br /><a href="https://twitter.com/GothamGazette" target="_blank">@GothamGazette</a></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Feedback? Email Ben at bmax@gothamgazette.com</div> <!-- CLEAR --> </div> </article> </section> <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2016/election-candidates.png" alt="election candidates" width="600" height="399" /></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.gothamgazette.com/#fullissue" target="_self" style="background-color: #02619c; border-radius: 25px; color: #fff; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bolder; margin: 2px; padding: 5px;" title="Click here to see the full list">Click here to see the full list</a></strong></p> <p> </p> <section> <article> <a id="fullissue"></a> <div id="hidden1" class="issues-list"> <h1>Vice President</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Tim Kaine of Virginia. U.S. Senator, former Governor of Virginia, former Mayor of Richmond.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Mike Pence of Indiana. Governor of Indiana, former member of the United States House of Represenatatives, where he was a leader of the Tea Party movement.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">William Weld of Massachusetts. Former Republican governor of Massachusetts 1991, former U.S. Senate candidate.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Vice President</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Ajamu Baraka of Georgia. Human rights activist, founding executive director of the U.S. Human Rights Network.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Bio</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Hillary Clinton, born in 1947, is most notable for serving as First Lady of the United States (1993-2001), a United States Senator from New York (2001-2009), and the United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013. She's known for, among other things, her push for national health care reform in 1993-1994 as First Lady.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Donald Trump, born in 1946, is a businessman, real estate mogul, and television personality. He has built further on the buisness empire started by his father and made a national name for his real estate and casino businesses, and as the host of The Apprentice.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Gary Johnson, born in 1953, founded what became one of the largest construction companies in New Mexico. Former governor of New Mexico, winning his longshot 1994 bid, serving two terms. Has long-favored small government. Also ran for President as the Libertarian Party nominee in 2012. He got 0.99% of the national vote that year.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Bio</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Jill Stein, born in 1950, is a physician and activist whose biggest focus has been environmental and health issues. She was the Green Party Candidate for Governor of Massachusetts in 2002 and 2010, and the Green Party Candidate for President in 2012. She received 0.36% of the national vote that year.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Campaign Websites</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><span class="header"></span><span id="hc-positions"><a href="https://www.hillaryclinton.com">Campaign Website</a></span></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/HillaryClinton">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/hillaryclinton">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/hillaryclinton">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><span id="dt-positions"><a href="https://www.donaldjtrump.com">Campaign Website</a></span></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/DonaldTrump">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/donaldtrump">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><span id="gj-positions"><a href="https://www.johnsonweld.com">Campaign Website</a></span></p> <p><a href="http://www.twitter.com/govgaryjohnson">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.facebook.com/govgaryjohnson">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/c/govgaryjohnson">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a href="http://www.jill2016.com/">Campaign Website</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/drjillstein">Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/drjillstein">Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/jill2016">YouTube</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Jobs</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton wants to invest in infrastructure to bolster the economy, including in clean energy. She is also focused on modernizing the economy through manufacturing and technology. She advocates for an increase in the minimum wage to $12 an hour nationally, with room for states to go higher, and she wants equal pay for equal work. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump believes that lower taxes and less regulation, as a whole, will bolster the economy. He believes the U.S. has agreed to bad trade deals, which he promises to renegotiate, that have led to lost American jobs to countries like Mexico and China. He promised to keep companies in the U.S. and to make American manufacturing great again.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson generally favors less regulation, though any regulation which reigns in harmful actors will stay, he says. He also believes that out-of-control spending has hurt the U.S. economy, and that this spending needs to be reigned in. He believes smaller and less government will allow the economy to flourish.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Jobs</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes in "living-wage jobs for every American who needs work." Government would be the last resort employer under this plan. She also believes in a $15 minimum wage and the breaking up of banks that are "too big to fail." Key to Stein's, and the Green Party's, platform is a "Green New Deal," which aims to create jobs through the building of clean energy infrastructure, so that America relies on 100% clean energy by 2030.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --><br /><br /> <h1>Taxes</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">"Hillary will implement a "fair share surcharge" on multi-millionaires and billionaires." She will also fight for measures like the Buffett Rule, so that wealthier individuals pay their fair share of taxes, she says. She also looks to close up any loopholes which benefit Wall Street, cut taxes for small businesses, and "provide tax relief to working families from the rising costs they face." A Clinton Administration will look to tax high-frequency trading on Wall Street.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump believes lower taxes will help the economy. In particular, he believes that business taxes are too high, and that they need to be lowered so that they are competitive with the rest of the world. He believes that a simplified tax system will help. Like many Democrats, Trump believes in closing the carried interest loophole. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson proposes getting rid of tax loopholes, as well as double taxes on small businesses. He favors "the replacement of all income and payroll taxes with a single consumption tax that determines your tax burden by how much you spend, not how much you earn."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Taxes</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants Wall Street corporations to pay their fair share in taxes. Also believes in a tax on companies that pollute. She believes in higher taxes for the wealthy, and lower taxes for the poor and middle class.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>National Debt</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">"From the Democratic Party Platform: ""We believe that by making those at the top and the largest corporations pay their fair share we can pay for ambitious progressive investments that create good-paying jobs and offer security to working families without adding to the debt."""</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">"You never have to default because you print the money," Trump said at one time. He has also suggested at times that borrowing is not a problem and that the U.S. could renegotiate its debt. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson plans to veto any bill which results in deficit spending. He also touts his record of vetoing many bills as governor of New Mexico, vetos he said helped balance New Mexico's budget. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">National Debt</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein said on her campaign website in 2012 that she would reduce "the budget deficit by restoring full employment, cutting the bloated military budget, and cutting private health insurance waste."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Trade</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton has moved in her support for trade deals, and has a new rubric for them, saying they must provide jobs for Americans, not sacrifice U.S. security, and be good for American national and international priorities. She supported NAFTA in the past, but admits to troubling outcomes for American jobs, and after supporting the Trans-Pacific Partnership as it was in development, she has come out against the version put forward by the Obama Administration. On trade, she says she's held deals to "the same test. Will they create jobs in America? Will they raise incomes in America? And are they good for our national security?" </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has campaigned vocally against NAFTA, other past trade deals, and TPP. His vews on trade and the United States is best reflected in what he said at the Republican National Convention--"Americanism, not globalism, will be our credo."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson generally supports NAFTA, TPP, and any other free trade agreements. He believes that any jobs lost to NAFTA while he was Governor of New Mexico were jobs that New Mexico didn't want anyway.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Trade</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes that NAFTA and other similar agreements takes away jobs, hurts wages, and overall has negative economic impacts on Americans. She wants to "enact fair trade laws that benefits local workers and communities."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Immigration</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">There are two major facets to Clinton's immigration plan: protect families and provide a pathway to citizenship. She says that comprehensive immigration reform is desperately needed.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump promises no amnesty to undocumented immigrants and promises mass deportations, though at times he has appeared to soften some of his stances. His major campaign promise is to end illegal immigration and to institute "extreme vetting" of individuals, especially refugees, seeking entrance into the country. He talks about having a secure border and promises to build a wall along the southern border that he promises Mexico will pay for. He has also questioned birthright citizenship.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson desn't believe that immigration is as simple as building a wall. "We should focus on creating a more efficient system of providing work visas, conducting background checks, and incentivizing non-citizens to pay their taxes, obtain proof of employment, and otherwise assimilate with our diverse society," his website says. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Immigration</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">"Create a welcoming path to citizenship for immigrants" is posted on Stein's website. Past policy positions also indicates that she is not in favor of the mass deportation of people which has happened under President Obama and promised to a greater degree by Trump.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Health Care</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton wants to defend, tweak, and expand, but not repeal, Obamacare. She praises how many more people have become insured, but she wants to get costs down.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump promises to repeal Obamacare, and replace it with something far better. He says health care companies must be allowed to sell policies across state lines. He also wants transparency with health care costs and providers, and to "allow individuals to fully deduct health insurance premium payments from their tax returns under the current tax system." He argues for increased competitive, not government regulation of health care. Trump has also said that everyone deserves health care.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Generally speaking, Johnson is in favor of repealing Obamacare. He believes that free market competition will do the best job of covering health care for people.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Health Care</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes in a Medicare for All system.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>The Environment</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton will encourage clean energy: "Launch a $60 billion Clean Energy Challenge to partner with states, cities, and rural communities to cut carbon pollution and expand clean energy, including for low-income families." "Invest in clean energy infrastructure, innovation, manufacturing and workforce development to make the U.S. economy more competitive and create good-paying jobs and careers." </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump does not discuss the environment much. He has called climate change a hoax. And, he believes that the Environmental Protection Agency has too many regulations.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson places emphasis on protection of National Parks and wants the Environmental Protection Agency to "focus on its true mission." He also believes in regulations to protect from pollutors, but also believes that the government meddles too much in deciding which companies determine the future of clean energy.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">The Environment</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein and the Green Party are, historically, especially focused on the environment. The Green New Deal looks to have the U.S. be on 100% clean energy by 2030. Stein wants to end use of fossil fuels and any support thereof. She places a special emphasis on protecting ecosystems, and strengthening environmental justice laws.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Foreign Policy</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton believes that the United States should defend its allies, push for diplomacy whenever possible, and be firm but not overaggressive with rivals such as China, Russia, and Iran. She is known as an interventionist, but has also spent time negotiating peace deals as Secretary of State. Her vote in favor of the Iraq War as a U.S. Senator is one that she has long been criticized for and has herself called a mistake.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has an "America First" foreign policy, based on protecting the interests of the United States above all else, not meddling in other countries' affairs, protecting American security and jobs, seemingly no matter what it takes to do so. Trump has promised an aggressive approach with Mexico and illegal immigration, China and currency manipulation, and the Middle East and wars in the region. Trump has been criticized and questioned for an apparent coziness with Vladimir Putin of Russia, which he has denied.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that the U.S. meddles too much in foreign affairs and wars, and that needs to stop. He believes in fixing the problems that exist at home, while at the same time building relationships with allies abroad. Johnson has struggled with discussing foreign affairs on the campaign trail.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Foreign Policy</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants to focus on diplomacy whenever possible, but also the punishment of abusers of human rights. Those human rights abusers include Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Israel, she says.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Combatting ISIS</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton looks to support counter-terrorism law enformcement with the tools they need, and an increase of the airstrike campaign against ISIS in the Middle East. She has called for an "intelligence surge" to help the U.S. in its efforts against ISIS and other foreign threats.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Generally speaking, Trump calls for a very aggressive military approach to ISIS, at times using expletives to explain his plan to bomb its forces and strongholds. He has repeatedly called for destroying oil fields that ISIS may have access to. But it is unclear to what extent he will pursue these strategies because he has not released as many plans regarding ISIS. Trump says U.S. leaders are foolish in telegraphing their military plans and that he will not divulge his. He has repeatedly insulted both U.S. political and military leaders.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that the "meddling" of past administrations, Republican and Democrat, have created the monster that is ISIS. He has not shown a particular adeptness at discussing foreign affairs or presenting a plan to help eliminate threats from ISIS.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">ISIS</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein says little about ISIS, but overall she is calling for the U.S. to not be engaged in war and foreign intervention.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Gun Control</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton has made gun control a focus of her campaign; calling for expanding background checks, and keeping "guns out of the hands of domestic abusers, other violent criminals, and the severely mentally ill." Clinton has said she believes in the Second Amendment and responsible gun ownership, but that she wants to do more to keep guns out of the wrong hands.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump is pro-gun ownership and has promised to defend the Second Amendment. He believes that current gun regulations are a failure, and that background checks need to be fixed because it seems like criminals don't go through background checks. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson does not believe in increasing gun regulations. He is of the mind that if you take guns away only outlaws and criminals will have guns.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Gun Control</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein believes that the ownership of guns should be regulated for the sake of public safety.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Justice Reform</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton supports legislation to end any form of racial profiling. She wants law enforcement to focus on violent crimes and not petty ones like possession of marijuana. National guidelines should be brought in on use of force, she says, and body cameras should be provided to every police department in the United States. She has regularly spoken about the need to improve community-police relationships and about incidents of police brutality against people of color. And, she believes in ending the use of private prisons.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump calls himself the "Law and Order candidate," though as to what that means in terms of policy is unclear, though he has advocated for a robust stop-and-frisk policy nationwide based on what he sees as its success in New York City. Trump often talks about the need to support and respect police.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that all unnecessary laws should be taken out so that not as many things are criminalized. He also believes that there should be an end to the "War on Drugs."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Justice Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants to end police brutality and de-militarize the police. She, like Johnson, wants to end the War on Drugs. She also proposes that drug addictions are treated like a health problem, not a criminal one.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Education</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton supports the Common Core learning standards. She also believes in universal pre-kindergarten, college education that is debt free, and free tuition at all community colleges. She also looks to end overly punitive policies against students at schools and has discussed doing more for English Language Learners.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump rejects Common Core and believes that education decisions, as a whole, should be left up to states. He therefore wants to completely abolish the Department of Education.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson rejects Common Core and believes that education decisions should be left to the states. He also wants to abolish the Department of Education because he believes that the federal government has no right to be involved with education decisions.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Education</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein is not supportive of Common Core or standardized testing (and thinks curricula should be designed by educators). She prefers evaluation of teachers done by fellow professionals. She supports tuition-free, and debt-free, education through all four years of college. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>LGBTQ Rights</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton pushes for full rights for LGBTQ people, in the United States and around the world. Clinton has 'evolved' fairly quickly on related issues, like marriage equality.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump vows to protect LGBTQ citizens and has had several particularly significant moments, including at the Republican National Convention, around promoting and protecting LGBTQ rights. He has not stated personal support for same-sex marriage, but says that it is the law of the land and that it should be protected as such.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that the government should not be in the business of telling people who to marry. He therefore does not look to restrict same-sex marriage, and in fact he cites this non-government interference idea as a major reason why he supported same-sex marriage before many liberals did the same.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">LGBTQ Rights</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein says that she will seek to end all forms of discrimination against the LGBTQ community.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Abortion</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton looks to protect the reproductive rights of all women and protecting a woman's right to choose to have an abortion. She is also proud of her endorsement from Planned Parenthood.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump calls himself "pro-life" and at times has called for the defunding of Planned Parenthood. However he has at times touted a number of services that Planned Parenthood provides, and earlier in his life he considered himself "pro-choice." He has explained an 'evolution' on the issue. Trump has said that if he appoints several Supreme Court justices it is likely that Roe v. Wade is overturned.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that abortion is a deeply personal choice, and that as such the governnment should not be in the business of deciding who does or does not get abortions. </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Abortion</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein views reproductive freedom as a key facet of tackling women's rights issues. She also wants to expand access to the "morning after" pill.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Supreme Court Vacancies</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">The Supreme Court, in Clinton's eyes, should help protect women's rights and LGBTQ rights, and overturn the Citizens United case. She has not committed to renominate President Obama's SCOTUS pick, Merrick Garland, for the currently vacant seat.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has stressed that the Supreme Court must protect the Second Amendment in particular, as it would be under threat, he says, if Clinton is elected President. Trump's SCOTUS nominees would be pro-life and more conservative in nature, he has said, pointing to recently-deceased Justice Antonin Scalia as a model.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson would use potential nominees' positions on cases such as Kelo v. City of New London (a 2005 case on the issue of eminent domain) and others related to key issues for Libertarians to determine who he might nominate to the SCOTUS.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Supreme Court Vacancies</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein would nominate justices to the SCOTUS who would overturn Citizens United and help restrict the flow of corporate money into politics.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1>Campaign Finance Reform</h1> <div id="hclinton"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/hillary-clinton2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="hc-positions">Clinton supports an overturn of Citizens United to limit the impact of money in politics. She also wants legislation which will "require outside groups to publicly disclose significant political spending." Her other piece of suggested reform is to start a "small-donor matching system for presidential and congressional elections to give small donors greater influence."</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="dtrump"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/donald-trump2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="dt-positions">Trump has described Political Action Committees (PACs) as a "horrible thing" because he feels that PACs lack transparency. Trump has also claimed that politicians do favors for donors, citing his own experience as a donor. He does not promote, though, public financing of campaigns.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="gjohnson"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/gary-johnson2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="gj-positions">Johnson believes that spending in campaigns, including from unions and corporations, is perfectly allowable. Any restrictions on campaign finance would be a limit to free speech, in Johnson's opinion.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="jstein"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 75px; max-height: 129px;"><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/election2016/includes/imgs/jill-stein2.png" alt="" style="margin-right: 8px; width: 75px;" align="left" /></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span class="header">Campaign Finance Reform</span><br style="margin-bottom: 7px;" /> <span id="js-candidates">Stein wants an overturn of the 2010 Citizens United Supreme Court case. She believes that corporations should not be allowed to fund political campaigns, but believes that there should instead be public funding of campaigns.</span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <!-- CLEAR --> <div>***<br />by Brendan Birth and Ben Max<br /><a href="https://twitter.com/GothamGazette" target="_blank">@GothamGazette</a></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Feedback? Email Ben at bmax@gothamgazette.com</div> <!-- CLEAR --> </div> </article> </section> New York’s Young Adult Unemployment Crisis Needs A Strategy 2016-10-18T04:00:00+00:00 2016-10-18T04:00:00+00:00 http://www.gothamgazette.com/?id=6575:new-york-s-young-adult-unemployment-crisis-needs-a-strategy Ben Max <p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2016/NYCEDC_pic_students_tour.jpg" alt="NYCEDC pic students tour" width="600" height="472" /></p> <p>Students on a tour (photo via NYCEDC)</p> <hr /> <p>Starting one&rsquo;s adult life in poverty and without a job has serious long-term economic consequences that negatively impact future job prospects, earnings, and wealth. Young people are scaling one of the toughest jobs cliffs in recent memory, and the situation is a looming threat to economic growth in our state. We need to combat New York&rsquo;s young adult unemployment crisis with a robust strategy, and now.</p> <p>One analysis found that a young person who is unemployed for six months can expect to earn $22,000 less over a ten year period. Here in New York, more than 400,000 unemployed 16-to-24-year-olds are looking for work. This could lead to a potential loss of about $8.8 billion in earnings to young adult New Yorkers over the course of the next decade.</p> <p>According to the 2015 American Community Survey, New York&rsquo;s young adult unemployment rate is 15 percent, and for young adult New Yorkers of color, it can be as high as 25 percent. That&rsquo;s more than 10 and 20 percentage points higher than older adults, respectively. Relatedly, more than 13 percent of 16-to-24 year olds in New York are out of school and out of work altogether. On top of high unemployment, the state&rsquo;s young adult poverty rate is 22 percent, 10 percentage points higher than for older adults.</p> <p>High unemployment only exacerbates growing economic inequality. Wages and incomes already stand at lower levels for this generation than older generations when they were young adults. Worse, today&rsquo;s job market increasingly requires a postsecondary credential or qualification, and along with it, the possibility of student debt.</p> <p>By 2018, at least 62 percent of jobs will require some college, 28 percent of jobs will require only a high school credential, and just 10 percent of jobs won&rsquo;t require a high school credential. For the most disadvantaged and disconnected young adult New Yorkers, this puts access to a decent job&mdash;and with it a financially secure life&mdash;even further out of reach, threatening our state&rsquo;s economic security and shared prosperity.</p> <p>Unfortunately, despite the unmet demand for a trained workforce and high young adult unemployment, a real statewide youth jobs strategy is missing.</p> <p>Young Invincibles, the youth advocacy organization for which I am Northeast Director, is releasing a report in the coming weeks analyzing the Urban Youth Jobs Program. The program currently represents the state&rsquo;s single largest youth jobs investment in New York State, authorized to spend $50 million annually. Our report finds that despite this massive investment, the tax credit program inadequately addresses the need to develop the skills of young adults that would better connect them to meaningful careers.</p> <p>That&rsquo;s why Young Invincibles, along with more than a dozen other partners across the state, is calling on the Labor Committees of the New York State Assembly and Senate to hold a joint public hearing to review the Urban Youth Jobs Program and begin the public policy process to develop a real young adult jobs strategy.</p> <p>There are proven, evidence-based solutions to these issues, but like with any adversity, we must have the political will to tackle our challenges head on and embrace those answers. A public hearing is one way we can start needed conversation about how to respond to the modern-day economic challenges young adult New Yorkers face.</p> <p>****<br /><span style="color: #282723; font-family: museo_sans, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px;">Kevin Stump is the Northeast Director for Young Invincibles, an advocacy and policy organization working on higher education, health, and jobs issues impacting 18-34 year olds. YI is also a part of President Obama's College Promise Task Force. On Twitter&nbsp;</span><a href="https://twitter.com/KevinStump" target="_blank" style="outline: 0px; font-size: 15px;">@KevinStump</a><span style="color: #282723; font-family: museo_sans, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="https://twitter.com/YoungInvincible" target="_blank" style="outline: 0px; font-size: 15px;">@YoungInvincible</a><span style="color: #282723; font-family: museo_sans, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px;">.</span></p> <p>

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Have an op-ed idea or submission for Gotham Gazette? Email opinion@gothamgazette.com

</p>
<p><img src="http://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2016/NYCEDC_pic_students_tour.jpg" alt="NYCEDC pic students tour" width="600" height="472" /></p> <p>Students on a tour (photo via NYCEDC)</p> <hr /> <p>Starting one&rsquo;s adult life in poverty and without a job has serious long-term economic consequences that negatively impact future job prospects, earnings, and wealth. Young people are scaling one of the toughest jobs cliffs in recent memory, and the situation is a looming threat to economic growth in our state. We need to combat New York&rsquo;s young adult unemployment crisis with a robust strategy, and now.</p> <p>One analysis found that a young person who is unemployed for six months can expect to earn $22,000 less over a ten year period. Here in New York, more than 400,000 unemployed 16-to-24-year-olds are looking for work. This could lead to a potential loss of about $8.8 billion in earnings to young adult New Yorkers over the course of the next decade.</p> <p>According to the 2015 American Community Survey, New York&rsquo;s young adult unemployment rate is 15 percent, and for young adult New Yorkers of color, it can be as high as 25 percent. That&rsquo;s more than 10 and 20 percentage points higher than older adults, respectively. Relatedly, more than 13 percent of 16-to-24 year olds in New York are out of school and out of work altogether. On top of high unemployment, the state&rsquo;s young adult poverty rate is 22 percent, 10 percentage points higher than for older adults.</p> <p>High unemployment only exacerbates growing economic inequality. Wages and incomes already stand at lower levels for this generation than older generations when they were young adults. Worse, today&rsquo;s job market increasingly requires a postsecondary credential or qualification, and along with it, the possibility of student debt.</p> <p>By 2018, at least 62 percent of jobs will require some college, 28 percent of jobs will require only a high school credential, and just 10 percent of jobs won&rsquo;t require a high school credential. For the most disadvantaged and disconnected young adult New Yorkers, this puts access to a decent job&mdash;and with it a financially secure life&mdash;even further out of reach, threatening our state&rsquo;s economic security and shared prosperity.</p> <p>Unfortunately, despite the unmet demand for a trained workforce and high young adult unemployment, a real statewide youth jobs strategy is missing.</p> <p>Young Invincibles, the youth advocacy organization for which I am Northeast Director, is releasing a report in the coming weeks analyzing the Urban Youth Jobs Program. The program currently represents the state&rsquo;s single largest youth jobs investment in New York State, authorized to spend $50 million annually. Our report finds that despite this massive investment, the tax credit program inadequately addresses the need to develop the skills of young adults that would better connect them to meaningful careers.</p> <p>That&rsquo;s why Young Invincibles, along with more than a dozen other partners across the state, is calling on the Labor Committees of the New York State Assembly and Senate to hold a joint public hearing to review the Urban Youth Jobs Program and begin the public policy process to develop a real young adult jobs strategy.</p> <p>There are proven, evidence-based solutions to these issues, but like with any adversity, we must have the political will to tackle our challenges head on and embrace those answers. A public hearing is one way we can start needed conversation about how to respond to the modern-day economic challenges young adult New Yorkers face.</p> <p>****<br /><span style="color: #282723; font-family: museo_sans, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px;">Kevin Stump is the Northeast Director for Young Invincibles, an advocacy and policy organization working on higher education, health, and jobs issues impacting 18-34 year olds. YI is also a part of President Obama's College Promise Task Force. On Twitter&nbsp;</span><a href="https://twitter.com/KevinStump" target="_blank" style="outline: 0px; font-size: 15px;">@KevinStump</a><span style="color: #282723; font-family: museo_sans, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="https://twitter.com/YoungInvincible" target="_blank" style="outline: 0px; font-size: 15px;">@YoungInvincible</a><span style="color: #282723; font-family: museo_sans, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px;">.</span></p> <p>

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Have an op-ed idea or submission for Gotham Gazette? Email opinion@gothamgazette.com

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