Clearing New York City Streets by Hope Cohen, Apr 14, 2008 Twitter Permit images from NYC Uncivil Servants.orgPermit abuse and parking reform are low-cost approaches to keep traffic moving. The state legislature's refusal to approve Mayor Michael Bloomberg's plan to collect a fee from drivers entering the most congested parts of Manhattan leaves unanswered the question of how to finance construction of transportation infrastructure vital to the city's future. But on the narrower problem of reducing congestion, New York City has a pricing mechanism it can employ for use of the streets without asking Albany's permission: Parking. Mayor Michael Bloomberg's plan to charge drivers to enter Manhattan's business district during the workweek suffered a grievous and perhaps fatal blow last week when the state legislature refused to even vote on it. What now? Gotham Gazette asked three experts what they think the city should do next to clear its air, ease its traffic and move its people. A Serious Solution for a Serious ProblemBy Andrew H. Darrell There are short-term and partial ways to address congestion and pollution in New York City, but only congestions pricing promises to both cut traffic and expand transit. How to Fix Our Transportation Woes -- Without the FeeBy Lew Fidler The New York area can solves its transportation problems without charging people to drive in the city -- if we raise money from throughout the region to fund transportation improvements from taxi stands to a Staten Island subway link. Clearing New York City Streets By Hope Cohen It will not raise bring in improving subways and buses but charging more for New York's cheapest real estate -- its curbsides - and cracking down on drivers who clog lanes would ease congestion. Undervalued parking is a major enticement for people to bring cars to the city. In fact, the availability of free parking at or near the workplace is the single best predictor of whether someone will drive to work. Too many employers provide subsidized parking to their workers. And among those employers are all levels of government and the court systems. Stop Giving Away the Streets The mayor recently announced the first steps in controlling the rampant use of "placards" that permit users to park in any legal spot without paying -- and are often abused to include parking illegally, in bus stops, alongside hydrants and even on sidewalks. A city-issued report on placard usage in Lower Manhattan found that "there typically are no available legal spaces" for drivers arriving midday as placard vehicles are ubiquitous -- leaving the new arrivals to drive around, adding to traffic as they seek a space. The report confirmed the popular impression that placard holders often have free rein to ignore the law entirely. This is not just a Manhattan problem. Free-parking privileges encourage police officers and teachers, in particular, to drive their private cars to precinct houses and schools - all over the city. The same is true for clergy, who receive free spaces in front of their houses of worship. Press and diplomats also have special privileges, which encourage them to use cars. Even when street parking is not free, it's too cheap - a small fraction of what it costs to park in a garage. Convenient curbside parking should be somewhat less expensive than secure off-street parking, but not to the extent it is now. The mayor's PlaNYC most famously proposes the congestion charge, but it also includes an initiative to expand the use of Muni-meters to commercial districts throughout the five boroughs. These advanced meters allow parkers to use a variety of cash and non-cash forms of payment. The city should take this opportunity to raise prices for curbside parking - now the cheapest real estate around - and use the available technology to raise and lower prices according to demand. Keeping Cars Moving To decrease traffic, parking lanes must cost more, and moving lanes must stay clear. New Yorkers name the same street-clogging problems over and over: double-parking, taxi pickups and drop-offs, and "blocking the box" (entering an intersection when unable to exit it during a signal cycle, thus backing up traffic for at least a block). Stepping up enforcement of box-blocking is another PlaNYC priority. Unfortunately, it requires Albany's good graces to allow Traffic Enforcement Agents to issue tickets for this infraction - which is technically a moving violation. But the New York Police Department can enforce the gridlock law now -- and should. The Traffic Congestion Mitigation Commission, which recommended the congestion-pricing program, also suggested adding cab stands at key sites. The city could expand on that idea and identify curb areas -- possibly including vacant bus stops -- for taxi pick-ups and drop-offs. Cracking down on double-parking requires no new program at all - just making it a priority for law enforcement. Finally, the city should put an end to practices that increase traffic backups: streets closed for fairs, parades, and motorcades; overzealous security barricades; unnecessary obstructions from construction projects. These remedies are not glamorous, and they won't yield the funds New York needs for building subways, fixing bridges, and buying buses, but they will help ease the city's traffic for now and until some brave new mayor tries once again to advance some version of congestion pricing. Hope Cohen is deputy director of the Manhattan Institute's Center for Rethinking Development.Â Tweet Editor's Choice Everything Dot NYC Council 2.0: Rules Reform Outlines Next Steps in Open Data Overdue & Over Budget, Capital Projects Roll On Comments Comment(s) The comments section is provided as a free service to our readers. Gotham Gazette's editors reserve the right to delete any comments. Some reasons why comments might get deleted: inappropriate or offensive content, off-topic remarks or spam.