Gotham Gazette image by YH Huang
Has mayoral control of schools saved our classrooms? Or should Bloomberg stay out?
With the law establishing mayoral control of the New York City school system set to expire at the end of June, parents, educators and other concerned New Yorkers have widely varying opinions over the successes and failures of the current system and whether it should remain as is, be tweaked or totally rehauled. On May 11, Citizens Union Foundation, Gotham Gazette's publisher, along with the Baruch College School of Public Affairs, held a forum on the issue.
Moderated by Doug Muzzio, professor of public affairs at Baruch, it featured:
Ana Maria Archila, co-executive director, Make the Road NY
Rev. David Brawley, co-chair, East Brooklyn Congregations
Joel Klein, chancellor, New York City Department of Education
Monica Major, president, Community Education Council, District 11
Michael Mulgrew, chief operating officer, United Federation of Teachers
Joseph Viteritti, former executive director, Commission on School Governance
The following are edited comments excerpted from their discussion.
Who's In Charge?
"To me, the most essential feature of mayoral control is that the mayor chooses a majority of members of the school board. ... In a few places where they call it mayoral control, I wouldn't call it mayoral control. For example in Oakland, the mayor picks three members of a 10-person board. I don't think that's control. In Baltimore, mayors share that with the governor. I don't think that's control." -- Joseph Viteritti
"The question of governance is fundamentally whether the mayor will have the same authority over the school system that he or she has over safety, over health, over finances. The present structure is sound and I worry that, as we try to improve the system, we undermine it and create divided authority. The mayor has to be able to support a majority of the members [of the Panel for Education Policy] and they serve at his pleasure. No terms." -- Joel Klein
"The form of mayoral control we have in New York is the most extreme. You don't have a space for parents and students and stakeholders to participate in the debate." --Ana Marie Archila
"It's not a burden for a chancellor to have to make a persuasive case [to a board with a majority of mayoral appointees]. That's an opportunity to make your case." -- Viteritti
"We're New Yorkers. We like to debate. That's' what we do. In our proposal, we have 14 members on the [Panel on Educational Policy]. Every policy should have some debate. The mayor would only have to swing two votes. If there is an issue, isn't it better as a city if we have some debate?" -- Michael Mulgrew
"I am old enough to remember Mayor Giuliani and young enough to know I'll have kids in school when there will be mayors I don't like." --Archila
"We have got to be bold. A mayor may or may not be bold, but if he or she doesn't have the authority, thee is going to be special interest capture." -- Klein
The Bottom Line
"It's a not a question of how we hold the mayor accountable. The discussion should be how do we insure students who historically have fallen through the cracks do not continue to fall through the cracks." -- Archila
"If we had this debate under the old system there would be no room because everyone who made a paychecks on the backs of our children would want to be here." -- David Brawley
"Not a single person on the panel has said we want to go back to the old system. We want to move forward. Everyone here has the best interests of the children at heart. We are all trying to do the best thing for out children and the city as a whole." -- Mulgrew
A Place for Parents
"We need to make sure our public institutions can hear the public." -- Archila
"One of the things that the old board did well -- and there weren't many of them --- was force a public conversation." --Viteritti
"Parents come out to complain, and they're frustrated, Some don't have the resources to properly advocate for their children." -- Monica Major
"When you have parents, teachers and students working together, then you have a successful school. [At the hearings the UFT held,] parents in every neighborhoods no matter what the demographics said 'we feel shut out of the system'." -- Mulgrew
"People think trying to participate in the current system is not a good use of their time." -- Viteritti
"In the old days, you had the debate but no results." -- Brawley
"We're the only system that does a parent poll. A few people claim they speak to parents. I like to listen to all of them." -- Klein
We should make sure that when parents organize, they're not treated as a special interest." -- Archila
"I don't think parents are a special interest, but people kid themselves when they say they speak for parents." -- Klein
Looking at the Numbers
"This is the Mark Twain, lies, damns lies and statistics part of the program." -- Mulgrew
"To use [test scores] to evaluate a governance system is not a good idea." -- Viteritti
"In East New York, the percentage of student passing the state reading tests is up by 16 points. One reason that is happening is the chancellor is willing to make hard decisions." --Brawley
"Our students are closing in on the rest of the state. After a decade of stagnation in this city, we are making real change." -- Klein
"These grades [on the school report cards] do not match what is going on in the city. They are based on a metric you can't explain to parents." -- Major
An Outside Eye
"[Oversight by the Independent Budget Office is needed] to make sure we all have information about performance and to make sure the money goes where it really needs to go." -- Archila
"I'm confident about the data...and I'm happy to have an outside body investigate." -- Klein
To Tweak or to Tinker?
"Mayoral control creates a capacity for change that didn't exist before. I support a strong system of mayoral control, but it can also have checks and balances." -- Viteritti
"I hope the system remains as it is. Tweaking is one thing. Tinkering is another." -- Brawley
"What we hope happens is that New York City has a better system because it can always be better, We are talking about Albany here, so it would leave it up to anyone to tell me what is going to happen." -- Mulgrew
"The state legislature is trying to figure it out. I hope their debate is as robust as our conversation." -- Archila
"This is as robust a debate as can possibly happen." -- Klein
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