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Gotham Gazette

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Citizens Union

Rebuilding NYC

Coalition to Save West Street: Downtown Can Be Great Again, Without All the Digging


Some may now find it hard to believe, but prior to 9/11, downtown Manhattan was a pretty fantastic place to live and work. For the past eight years, my wife and I have made our home in Battery Park City. Until last year, we both worked downtown as well. Downtown, with its own moods and rhythms, was a world away from the hustle and bustle going on uptown. In the immediate weeks after the tragedy, with the ruins still smoldering in the background, hundreds of thousands of us returned here, determined to rebuild our lives and our homes. After a year of hardship, we are starting to see through to the clear. But the much-touted plan to create a West Street tunnel threatens our neighborhood and just doesn't make sense.

HOW THINGS STARTED TO GO AWRY
Planners and critics -- notably New York Times' architectural writer Herbert Muschamp -- view rebuilding lower Manhattan as an opportunity to place their stamp on the area. They claim there is something fundamentally wrong with downtown, and that the answer is not merely to rebuild what was lost but, in Mr. Muschamp's words, to "reimagine" how it all should be. A new generation of would-be Robert Moseses, including Lower Manhattan Development Corporation officials, have answered this call.

The development corporation's target: West Street. Its goal: to spend $2-3 billion to bury the one-mile stretch of West Street from Chambers to Battery Park, in order to build a vehicle underground expressway and a tourist promenade on top. Its rationale: to spare downtown pedestrians the peril of crossing what has been termed a "dangerous highway." Never mind that West Street is neither wider nor more difficult to traverse than Houston Street or Park Avenue. And never mind that, prior to 9/11, the state had just completed a 5-year, $400 million renovation of that same road. The West Street plan, per the Times, enjoyed "near-universal agreement."

OUR COALITION
A month ago, five of us -- neighbors, yet strangers -- met on the Rector Green in Battery Park City in hopes of being heard over the din. We formed the Coalition to Save West Street, a community organization devoted to the idea that West Street and Lower Manhattan are largely OK. We started a petition drive, spoke at community events, launched a web site, and leafleted the neighborhood. Today, we number over 200.

So who are we, and why are we so up in arms? We are the people who use West Street every day. We walk across it, we drive on it, we live and work along side of it. In short, we are the people the development corporation never bothered to ask before deciding on this scheme. As our membership has grown broader and more diverse, the Coalition to Save West has become a true "coalition." Here is a sampling of the people involved:

TRANSPORTATION ADVOCATES
The notion of spending $2 billion to $3 billion to bury a functioning road is so outrageous, it has brought together two advocacy groups usually on the opposite sides of the debate: the American Automobile Association of New York, the voice of automobile drivers, and the Straphangers Campaign, the voice of subway riders. Both have come out in opposition to the tunnel. They understand that billions of dollars do not materialize out of thin air; they come from finite federal transit funds better spent on projects to repair roads and bridges, extend subway lines, and keep buses running.

PARENTS, STUDENTS AND TEACHERS
The State Department of Transportation is privately estimating that the tunnel will take 11to 12 years to complete. The students of PS 89 and IS 89, two of the schools on the edge of West Street, will have to cross the construction site twice a day, every day until they graduate. They will have to study over the racket of a tunnel being dug just outside their windows. The Parent-Teacher Associations of these schools have now gotten involved. The development corporation will be hearing from them soon.

ENVIRONMENTALISTS
The core of the tunnel concept is the construction of an underground expressway, which will significantly increase motor vehicle traffic in Lower Manhattan. According to the environmental advocacy group Clean Air Campaign, the carbon monoxide, diesel fumes and other pollutants generated by all those additional cars in the tunnel will have to be vented upward on to the streets of lower Manhattan. The development corporation's plans depict greenery on the site, but ignore the invisible toxins that will contaminate their new tourist promenade.

BATTERY PARK CITY RESIDENTS
West Street is Battery Park City's lifeline to the rest of the city, due to the fact that there are no subways and the neighborhood is surrounded on the other three sides by the Hudson River. Once the project is complete, we will no longer have direct access to the rest of the city traveling north on the West Side Highway or South to the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel or FDR Drive. The ambulances and fire trucks that raced down these roads to our rescue on the morning of 9/11 will no longer be able to do so. Area residents, especially school children, the elderly, the disabled and others who rely on bus transportation, will be relegated to narrow local access roads clogged with tourist traffic just to get to and from our homes. And, after the 1993 truck bomb attack on the World Trade Center, no one wants to live over a highway tunnel anymore. The continued viability of Battery Park City as one of New York City's great residential neighborhoods will be placed in doubt.

For the past month, the Coalition to Save West Street has been seeking a meeting with the development corporation's board to discuss these concerns. So far, only silence. Before the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation sends in its bulldozers, it should hear us out. Downtown can be great again, without all the digging.

John Dellaportas is chair of the Coalition to Save West Street, a community group of lower Manhattan residents, workers and others who oppose the proposed West Street tunnel.

Will Urban Renewal Thinking Prevail in Rebuilding Lower Manhattan?


13johnStWith all the enormous public attention on rebuilding lower Manhattan, it seems inconceivable to me that anything could be missing from the debate. But something important has been overlooked thus far. The words "historic preservation" have not passed the lips of those planning the project. It is as if it was the 1960's again and the raze-and-build-anew urban renewal orthodoxy prevailed unchallenged. It is, as Yogi Berra said, "Deja vu all over again." A case in point is the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's $750 million proposal for the new Fulton Transit Center on Broadway between Fulton and John Streets. The authority's design concept envisions clearing the site of all structures, even though the improved station would be entirely below grade.

What alarms preservationists most about this proposal is that one of the historic buildings slated for demolition by the MTA is the Corbin Building, a slender, nine-story structure built in 1889, when it loomed over its neighbors and was tall enough to be called a "skyscraper." It features a rugged masonry facade hung on an iron frame (rolled steel sections were not available until 1893), with elaborate terra-cotta details.

The Corbin Building was designed by Francis Hatch Kimball, also the architect of the office buildings flanking the Trinity Church Burial Ground in Lower Manhattan, the Presbyterian Chapel in Riverdale, the Montauk Club and Emmanuel Baptist Church in Brooklyn, and the headquarters of the New York Architectural Terra-Cotta Company in western Queens. The building was named after Austin Corbin, a flamboyant 19th century financier who built railroads on Long Island, and in Reading, Pennsylvania, as well as hotels on Coney Island and his own game preserve in Newport, New Hampshire.

Instead of ending up in a landfill somewhere, the Corbin Building could be preserved and incorporated into a commercial building on this site. It would help anchor and enliven such a facility and could yield income and taxes to offset the cost of the Transit Center. Architecturally, it could be as exciting a new-old contrast as David Childs' design for the new Penn Station (now to be named after the late Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan) or Lord Norman Foster's tower atop the Hearst Building.

Robert Silman, the highly-regarded structural engineer who saved Frank Lloyd Wright's "Fallingwater" from falling into the water, has devised a way to underpin the Corbin Building's foundations so that it could be preserved and reused while a new and improved subway station is constructed beneath it. "From a structural engineering standpoint, it's entirely feasible, with proven technology, for the MTA to have its cake and eat it too - both preserving the Corbin Building and building the new Fulton Transit Center," says Silman.

Silman's client is the Lower Manhattan Emergency Preservation Fund, a consortium of five preservation groups: the World Monuments Fund, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, The Preservation League of New York State, The Municipal Art Society, and the New York Landmarks Conservancy, where I work. These groups raised funds to help preserve historic sites damaged on 9/11/01. The fund is now advocating to protect and preserve historic resources downtown.

The fund has identified three "corridors of concern" in lower Manhattan, along Fulton, Greenwich, and West Streets. In each instance, worthy historical structures are threatened by redevelopment plans that range well beyond the Ground Zero damage zone. In all, there are more than 225 historic sites in lower Manhattan that have no protection whatsoever from demolition or inappropriate alteration.

Awash in competitions, intrigue, and emotion, the planners for the MTA and the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation seem to lack a sense of historical continuity. Ground Zero may be a tabula rasa, a "field of dreams." But the rest of the downtown must not be treated as if it were Sixth Avenue. The planners must not be allowed to repeat the mistakes of the 1960's.

Lower Manhattan has been the epicenter of this nation's most significant events for nearly four centuries. It boasts a street pattern and an array of venerable buildings unmatched in other precincts of our city. It is still a pillar of world finance, one of the largest commercial office markets in America, and an emerging residential neighborhood of great potential. It houses such strange bedfellows as the New York Stock Exchange and the South Street Seaport with equanimity. It boasts the largest business improvement district in the five boroughs. It is truly a unique, vital - and historical - place.

None of this heritage should be erased in the process of rebuilding Lower Manhattan's damaged heart. The situation calls for delicate, skilful surgery - not wholesale, indiscriminate change. As a preservationist, I pray that our planners are up to the task. But as an advocate, I am remembering what Yogi had to say on the subject. Stay tuned! Watch this space!

Roger P. Lang is a preservation architect who serves as director of community programs and services at the New York Landmarks Conservancy. If you want to receive a free copy of the preservation fund's illustrated, annotated map of these sites, send an email to rogerlang@nylandmarks.org.

Fulton Street Subway Station


 

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Untangling the twisted subway lines that make up the Fulton Street subway station is a problem that the Metropolitan Transportation Authority has been trying to solve since long before 9/11. But the energy for development that came in the aftermath of the attacks – and the funds to do it – allowed the agency to push forward the design of its own large-scale architectural project in the area surrounding Ground Zero.

The new Fulton Street Subway Station, which was presented to the public on May 26, will be funded with $750 million of federal rebuilding money. Construction will begin late this year, and the station will be completed in 2007. A public hearing on the design is scheduled for June 8.

fultonstreet2

The building consists of a glass cube fifty feet tall, extending along Broadway from Fulton Street to John Street. From the center of this cube a cone, also made of glass, rises to a height of 110 feet. Several buildings will have to be condemned and destroyed.

The Corbin Building -- a nine-story building considered a skyscraper when it was built in 1889 -- will be preserved. It will be used to provide entranceways and spaces for small retail stores on the south side of the structure.

Retail stores will also be included on the second floor of the station, though details are still being worked out. The project's architects also say that some of the subway connections remain unresolved

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“The transit center, very much, is the tip of the iceberg,” said Andrew Whalley, who spoke for Grimshaw, the architecture firm designing the station. “It’s very much about connecting the dots.”

The dots in this case are 12 separate subway lines, spread over 1000 feet from the 2/3 station on the east to the R/W station about 1000 feet on the west. Private transit companies built these stations over a span of about 30 years in the early 1900s with no thought to a creating a coherent whole; turning the stations from competitors into collaborators has proven to be a very difficult project.

The new station leaves an opening to connect to any future 2nd Avenue Subway. It will also connect to the Ground Zero transit hub a block to the west.

fultonstreet4

Like Santiago Calatrava, the architect of the Ground Zero station, the new Fulton Street station has been designed to bring natural light to the underground track levels. Grimshaw echoed Santiago Calatrava in saying that its design attempted to use light as a construction element.
Calatrava described his station as a pair of hands releasing a bird; Whalley said the roof of the Fulton Street station was like a glass leaf, capturing light and drawing it into the subway system.

But David Dunlap of the New York Times saw another image in the station. “New Yorkers,” he wrote, “…may find it hard to resist thinking of this structure as a jeweled egg to Mr. Calatrava’s birdlike terminal.”

Rebuilding NYC September 2004


9/11 Anniversary is Marked Around the Country - Sep 12, 2004
They gathered at a hole in the ground in Lower Manhattan, a lonely patch of earth in rural Pennsylvania and a spot near the healed breach in the seat of military power, the Pentagon. The crowds were smaller than in past years, the grief perhaps muffled a bit by the gauze that time weaves over raw wounds, as hundreds drew close to the sites of the worst terrorist attack in United States history yesterday to remember and mourn those lost three years earlier, on Sept. 11, 2001. (New York Times )

Some Mourning 9/11 Losses Avoid Ground Zero - Sep 12, 2004
Recent interviews with more than 300 relatives of those killed on September 11, 2001 found that scores have not been to ground zero since the attacks. They have their own reasons: dread. Privacy, a feeling at odds with something as public as a ceremony shown live on television. Anger at officials they believe did not do enough to prevent the attacks. Fear, among some who do not live in Manhattan, of going to the place that was forever changed and that forever changed them. (New York Times )

As 9/11 Slips into the Past, New York Pauses to Mark Anniversary - Sep 12, 2004
With broken voices and shattered hearts, parents of 9/11 victims read the litany of the lost at the World Trade Center site yesterday to mark the third anniversary of the terror attacks. But the constant noise of traffic on the adjacent West Side Highway was a reminder of how, for many in New York and the nation, the horrors of 9/11 have begun to slip into the past. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Families Make What May Be Last Trip to Ground Zero - Sep 12, 2004
Relatives of those who died at the World Trade Center walked seven stories down to the bedrock yesterday, knowing the descent to the hallowed ground may be their last. (New York Daily News)

600 Sue Over Health Problems From Ground Zero Cleanup - Sep 12, 2004
More than 600 people have filed a class-action lawsuit contending they suffered health problems from the cleanup of the World Trade Center, officials said yesterday. (New York Daily News )

Fresh Tear on Third Anniversary of Attacks - Sep 12, 2004
Thousands of weeping mourners, four dramatic moments of silence and one gut-wrenching recitation of the names of the dead combined yesterday at Ground Zero to somberly mark the third anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. (New York Post )

Laughing and Crying, Grieving Family of a Firefighter Moves On - Sep 12, 2004
She remained bliss fully serene until she repeated her husband's last words before 9/11 took him away. (New York Post )

Firefighter Honor Those Killed on 9/11 - Sep 12, 2004
Quiet ceremonies honoring the hundreds of firefighters killed at the World Trade Center were held across the city yesterday, as a large number of Bravest chose to mourn the third anniversary of 9/11 away from Ground Zero. (New York Post )

Honoring Coworkers Killed On 9/11, Restaurant Workers Plan New Eatery - Sep 12, 2004
Windows on the World staffers gather at Pier 25 yesterday to honor their 73 fallen co-workers. They plan to open a new eatery. (New York Post )

9/11 Widow Expecting a New Child - Sep 12, 2004
Today, Star, who moved to Florida with her young daughter to escape this place, badly wanted to return. Only now, she can't. Star had two very good reasons for missing the third anniversary ceremony of the World Trade Center atrocity: First, the approach of Hurricane Ivan made it impossible for her to get a flight. Second, Star, now 24, is just a month away from giving birth. (New York Post )

Woman Who Witnessed 9/11 Marries on Attack's Third Anniversary - Sep 12, 2004
Catherine Wragg and John Fulbrook are all smiles outside St. Patrick's Cathedral, where they got married yesterday Ă‘ three years after she saw the towers fall near her workplace. Julie Stapen On Sept. 11, 2001, Catherine Wragg watched the Twin Towers come down from the window of the downtown insurance company where she's vice president of human resources. (New York Post )

New Yorkers Who Left After 9/11 Return Home - Sep 12, 2004
New Yorkers who fled the city after 9/11 are returning, some to within a stone's throw of Ground Zero. (New York Post )

Claims Linger for 9/11 Victims - Sep 12, 2004
Mayor Michael Bloomberg recently proclaimed the city "back in business," three years after the devastating World Trade Center attack of Sept. 11, 2001. Still, few New Yorkers would deny the lingering effects of the attacks. (Newsday )

Quotes from 9/11 Commemoration - Sep 12, 2004
"There's no other place to be. It's just a place to reconnect. This is where he was last." -- Anne Allen of Fort Lee, N.J., who lost her brother, Salvatore Pepe, and was at the ground zero memorial. (Newsday )

Widow of Firefighter Resents Political Use of Attacks - Sep 12, 2004
She is the former Carla Dennis and she is 38 and she had a real marriage with her firefighter. Now she lives with her two kids in Manhattan. She did not join any group of widows because she felt 9/11 was being used by the worst politicians and beliefs. (Newsday )

Suspending Campaigns, Kerry, Bush Mark 9/11 Anniversary - Sep 12, 2004
On a day reserved for remembrance, President Bush and Sen. John Kerry stepped off the campaign trail Saturday to mark the three-year anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks with warm words for the victims' families. (Chicago Tribune )

Police Officers Honor Those Killed on 9/11 - Sep 12, 2004
Three years later their duty as police officers remains the same, but their lives have drastically changed. (NY1)

For New Yorkers Not Directly Affected by Attack, Life Goes on - Sep 12, 2004
As the nation mourned the deaths of close to 3,000 people, many New Yorkers were out and about. During the precessions at ground zero, NY1's Itay Hod grabbed a camera and took to the streets to check out how some New Yorkers are spending this anniversary. (NY1)

Staten Island Memorial Unveiled - Sep 12, 2004
Rounding out a long and intense day of events marking the third anniversary of 9/11, a memorial to Staten Island victims was dedicated on the borough's waterfront at the ferry terminal across the harbor from the Trade Center site. (NY1)

Families Mark Third Anniversary of 9/11 at Ground Zero - Sep 11, 2004
With quavering voices, parents and grandparents of those killed at the World Trade Center slowly read the names of the victims early Saturday to mark the third anniversary of the attacks that brought down the twin towers. Moments of silence were observed at 8:46 and 9:03 a.m., the times two planes slammed into the trade center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, and at 9:59 and 10:29, when the two towers collapsed. (Associated Press)

With Constant Reminders, Children of 9/11 Victims Grow up Grieving - Sep 11, 2004
For all the dark assumptions and the outpouring of sympathy and money, the children of the victims of 9/11 receded from public view. Their families protected them. Journalists shied away from them. Social workers struggled to find them. And psychotherapists confronted a novel clinical challenge: how to treat children who have suffered a loss so brutally intimate yet spectacularly public. Only now is a portrait of these children emerging. (New York Times )

With a Collage of 9/11 Audio Clips, Artists Create a Ground Zero Walking Tour CD - Sep 11, 2004
From the hundreds of calls and audio clips they collected, the Kitchen Sisters created "The Sonic Memorial Project," created from hundreds of phone calls and audio clips related to 9/11, has been turned into an audio walking tour of the Trade Center site: "Ground Zero: A Sonic Memorial Soundwalk." (New York Times )

As Deadline Approached, A Rush to Sue Over 9/11 - Sep 11, 2004
A deadline yesterday for lawsuits related to the Sept. 11 attacks prompted a rush to the New York federal courthouse where all such suits have been filed. (New York Times )

Marking 9/11's Anniversary on City Island - Sep 11, 2004
New York has its ends of the earth, odd little places so psychically removed from the rest of the city that they barely heed the urban scat. Places like City Island, that Bronx curio of a community lingering like an afterthought in the chop and sway of the Long Island Sound. But it is the second week in September, the third anniversary, and remote City Island is still New York City. (New York Times )

Pain Still Fresh for 9/11 Families - Sep 11, 2004
The first year they were numb. The second they gathered enough strength to pull what was left of their families together. Now it's the third anniversary and the anguish of life forever without their husbands and wives, fathers and mothers, children and grandchildren has become painfully real. (New York Daily News)

Fundraising For Memorial Has Yet to Begin - Sep 11, 2004
Eight months after the World Trade Center memorial design was unveiled, Gov. Pataki and Mayor Bloomberg have yet to find a prominent person willing to lead the foundation that's raising the money to build it. (New York Daily News)

New Images Give Best View Yet of Future Ground Zero Development - Sep 11, 2004
A stunning new look of the future World Trade Center site was unveiled yesterday, complete with the world's tallest building, a poignant memorial to the victims of the terror attacks, and a striking new cultural complex and rail station. (New York Post )

Couple Who Met on 9/11 Remembers Worst, Best Day of Their Lives - Sep 11, 2004
For Jason Newberg and Jennifer Elias, Sept. 11 remains one of the worst days of their lives Ă‘ and one of the best. That's because, just hours after the Twin Towers crashed to the ground, they met for the first time Ă‘ and quickly fell in love. (New York Post )

Omens Lead 9/11 Widow to New Love - Sep 11, 2004
Brave Kellie Lee beams with joy as she reveals she has finally found love again Ă‘ three years after her husband died in the 9/11 terror attacks. (New York Post )

Midwestern Parents of 9/11 Victim Are Now Linked to New York - Sep 11, 2004
Andrea Haberman was not a New Yorker. She was a 25-year-old Wisconsinite turned Chicagoan who came to New York for the first time on a business trip on Sept. 10, 2001. She was murdered 10 hours later by al Qaeda at Carr Futures on the 92nd floor of One World Trade Center. Three years on, Andrea's parents, Gordon and Kathy, and her younger sister, Julie, are forever linked with New York and with New Yorkers. (New York Post )

New Yorkers Honor 9/11 Memory By Helping Californians - Sep 11, 2004
This weekend, 14 New Yorkers Ñ including 11 city firefighters Ñ are volunteering in Harbison Canyon, a small community outside San Diego, helping rebuild houses destroyed during last fallÕs wildfires. How they got there is one of the great legacies of 9/11. (New York Post )

9/11 Families Wonder Whether Loved Ones Jumped From Towers - Sep 10, 2004
The families of some Sept. 11 victims are exploring how their loved ones died, but the topic of those who jumped from the World Trade Center is especially sensitive. (New York Times )

Football Star to Sing At 9/11 Anniversary Ceremony - Sep 10, 2004
A former football star, Morris Robinson will provide the soundtrack for Friday's ceremony at ground zero marking the third anniversary of 9/11. (New York Times )

Visitor Center Planned for Ground Zero - Sep 10, 2004
Yesterday, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation extended its support - but not any money so far - to the Tribute Visitors Center being planned for a storefront at 120 Liberty Street, opposite ground zero and next to Ladder Company 10 and Engine Company 10. (New York Times )

Companies Cash in on 9/11 Anniversary Souvenirs - Sep 10, 2004
There's no shortage of retailers making a play for Patriot Day paydays, shamelessly linking their products to commemorate the nearly 3,000 people killed in the attacks. (New York Daily News)

Navy Ship Being Built With Trade Center Steel - Sep 10, 2004
The World Trade Center will live on in a new Navy warship called the New York. The $1.2 billion amphibious transport dock ship, which Secretary of the Navy Gordon England will officially name today, is to include steel salvaged from the wreckage of the twin towers. (New York Daily News)

Parents Will Read Name at Modest 9/11 Anniversary Ceremony - Sep 10, 2004
Parents and grandparents of victims, will be the emotional heart of tomorrow's Ground Zero ceremony, where they will read the names of all those killed in the attacks. But as older generations step to the podium, they will be presiding over a decidedly trimmed-down day of remembrance. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Anniversary Events - Sep 10, 2004
Events commemorating the third anniversary of the terror attack on the World Trade Center are scheduled throughout the city. Following is a sampling: (Newsday )

Some New Yorkers Still Having Trouble Coping With 9/11 - Sep 10, 2004
In the three years since the Sept. 11 attacks, most New Yorkers have adjusted emotionally, learning to cope in a world where terrorism is an ongoing threat. For many others, the coping remains difficult. (Newsday )

City Prepares Soggy Ground Zero for Anniversary Ceremony - Sep 10, 2004
The ground was still water-soaked yesterday at the World Trade Center site, but Sept. 11 observances will go on rain or shine tomorrow, city officials said yesterday. (Newsday )

Bush Now Supports Larger Role for New Intelligence Post - Sep 09, 2004
President Bush said on Wednesday that he wanted to give a new national intelligence director "full budgetary authority,'' a sharp shift from an earlier position and an acquiescence to a major recommendation of the Sept. 11 commission. (New York Times )

Image of Twin Towers Remains Throughout City - Sep 09, 2004
They are lost, of course. But they have not disappeared. Three years after it seemed that the name and image of the twin towers would be mournfully expunged from the cityscape, the World Trade Center survives. Not on the skyline, but on street signs and shopping bags and book covers, in Fire Department insignia and the logo of the Alliance for Downtown New York, in a subway station and a parking garage, at the gateway to SoHo and in the lobby of an apartment building that was especially hard hit on Sept. 11, 2001. (New York Times )

Many 9/11 Court Battles Remain Unresolved - Sep 09, 2004
Despite all that has happened in the last three years, despite all the rebuilding and all the talk of recovery, there are still places where the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center reverberates more strongly than ever. In the hearts of many Americans, for example. In the minds of many New Yorkers. And, of course, in the courts. (New York Times )

Frederic Schwartz: Designer of Two 9/11 Memorials - Sep 09, 2004
Frederic Schwartz is standing on a peninsula at Liberty State Park where ground is to be broken tomorrow for the 9/11 memorial he has designed for New Jersey, only three-and-a-half hours after ground is broken in Westchester County for the 9/11 memorial he has designed there. But for a moment, his sad eyes are not focused on the empty sky across the Hudson River where the World Trade Center is supposed to be. (New York Times )

As Charitable Funds Expire, Questions About Long-Term Needs Remain - Sep 09, 2004
An astonishing $3 billion was raised to help the victims of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, and nearly all that money has been spent, the bulk of it handed over in cash grants, some without regard to financial need. Three years later, some are wondering whether this was the best way to make use of this unprecedented charitable windfall. (New York Times )

Website Offers "Living Memorial" To 9/11 Victims, Families - Sep 09, 2004
A high-profile 9/11 organization launched an Internet-based memorial yesterday that will serve as a "portal of reflection, remembrance, interaction, education and scholarly research" about the terrorist attacks. (New York Daily News)

Art Exhibit Traces Children's Recovery from 9/11 - Sep 09, 2004
The magic marker drawing of an empty baseball diamond adorned with two little yellow crosses told Allison Hobbs just how much her 12-year-old son, Steven, misses his dad, who was killed on 9/11. (New York Daily News)

City Trying to Remove Rainwater from Ground Zero to Prepare for Anniversary - Sep 09, 2004
The city launched a round-the-clock effort yesterday to pump 2 feet of rainwater from the lowest levels of Ground Zero, so that the area is dry for Saturday's observance of the third anniversary of the terror attacks. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Related Cancer May Not Emerge for Decades, Says Doctors - Sep 09, 2004
A patchwork of post-Sept. 11 health screening programs will not detect any increases in more serious, long-term illnesses like cancer, experts told Congress on Wednesday. Doctors and government investigators told a House subcommittee it could take decades to pick up on all of the lingering health woes stemming from Sept. 11 and the cleanup effort around the World Trade Center. (Newsday )

Memorial Planned For Flight 93 Victims - Sep 09, 2004
The 40 innocent passengers and crew who died on hijacked United Airlines Flight 93 should be honored because they played a role in the "only victory" during the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, said the father of one of the victims. That's what planners hope people remember as they submit designs for a crash site memorial in a national competition announced Wednesday. (Newsday )

Bipartisan Bill Would Adopt All Recommendations of 9/11 Commission - Sep 08, 2004
An influential bipartisan group of members of Congress, backed by leaders of the Sept. 11 commission, said on Tuesday that they were offering a bill in the House and Senate to enact virtually all the commission's recommendations, including its call for a national intelligence director to oversee all of the government's spy agencies. (New York Times )

Study Finds Lack of Data on 9/11 Air Quality - Sep 08, 2004
Days before the third anniversary of the destruction of the World Trade Center, federal agencies have yet to make a coordinated and comprehensive effort to study the health effects of the debris that filled the air in the weeks after the attack, according to a draft copy of a government study to be presented to Congress today. The study also shows that there is still no federal treatment program for those suffering from related problems. (New York Times )

Photographing Ground Zero, Minute by Minute - Sep 08, 2004
In the fall of 2001 when the dust and ash from the World Trade Center were still in the air, Jim Whitaker, a documentary filmmaker, decided to photograph everything happening at ground zero. By the spring of 2002 three cameras were pointed at the pit, each taking one shot every five minutes, round the clock. Months later, three more cameras were added. That was the beginning of Project Rebirth, a nonprofit organization dedicated to creating a historical record of the rebuilding. (New York Times )

New York Officials Reject New Homeland Security Funding Plan - Sep 08, 2004
A Republican plan to give New York more anti-terror funding in time to mark Saturday's 9/11 anniversary hit a wall yesterday after Mayor Bloomberg and other lawmakers said the proposal is useless. (New York Post )

On Eve of Anniversary, A Look at Rebuilding Progress - Sep 08, 2004
The past year has seen plans move forward in re-developing the World Trade Center site, including the start of work on the Freedom Tower. In the following report, NY1Ă•s Roger Clark takes a look at the progress as we close in on the third anniversary of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. (NY1)

Children of 9/11 Victims Display Art in Chelsea - Sep 08, 2004
Fifty pieces of art now on display in Chelsea were created by children who lost a parent during the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. Forty children contributed pieces for the exhibit at the Terrapin Art Gallery. (NY1)

9/11 Commission Bill Among Priorities of Congress - Sep 07, 2004
House and Senate leaders are planning to advance legislation that carries out recommendations from the Sept. 11 commission report that was issued just before Congress recessed for six weeks. (New York Times )

Survey Studies Three Years of Recovery for 9/11 Families - Sep 07, 2004
In the three years since the attacks, there have been hints of the struggles the families have fought, of the lingering toll of their losses, of the agony of deciding, among many other things, whether to accept money from the federal compensation fund or to sue in pursuit of accountability. There have been, too, hints of recovery, or at least of a determination to repair their ruptured lives as best they could. Some have, over the nearly 36 months since Sept. 11, 2001, made their voices heard - some publicly, some only at memorial ceremonies when the names of the dead were read out. (New YorkTimes)

Trade Center Veterans Plan Cooperative Restaurant - Sep 07, 2004
Memory can make a bitter dish, but a group of 50 waiters, cooks and busboys who once worked at the Windows on the World restaurant are intent on honoring 73 colleagues who died when the twin towers collapsed by opening what may be New York's first cooperatively owned restaurant. (New York Times )

Mets Mark 9/11 Anniversary With First Pitch From Firefighter - Sep 07, 2004
A rookie Brooklyn firefighter, who lost his firefighting dad on 9/11, has been tapped to throw out the first pitch at Shea Stadium on the third anniversary of the event that changed the nation, The Post had learned. (New York Post )

Some Couples Plan 9/11 Weddings - Sep 07, 2004
Why would anybody in their right mind want to get married on Sept. 11? Dan Dunleavy and Tracey Bobst are going to do just that this Saturday Ă‘ mere blocks from Ground Zero Ă‘ and they have a very good reason. "We're celebrating life," said Dunleavy, a 30-year- old energy trader with Shell Oil and Gas. (New York Post )

Third Annual Walk Honors Fire Chaplain Killed on 9/11 - Sep 07, 2004
With the three-year anniversary of the 9/11 attacks less than a week away, friends and supporters of Mychal Judge retraced the final steps of the popular Fire Department chaplain who was killed in the terror attacks. Judge was honored Sunday in the third annual Walk of Remembrance. (NY1)

Ground Zero Documentary Details "Sad Compromise" - Sep 07, 2004
If you're looking for a fly-on-the-wall view of one of the nastiest architectural catfights in recent memory, be sure to watch Tuesday's "Frontline," which charts the tumultuous first year in the rebuilding effort at ground zero. There are less shameful reasons to tune in too. (Chicago Tribune)

Despite Terror Concerns, New York Builds Glass Skyscrapers - Sep 06, 2004
Defying concerns after the attack on New York three years ago that post-9/11 construction would be dominated by brute concrete bunkers, the designers of significant new public and private buildings in the city are turning again and again to glass facades. (New York Times )

Cantor Fitzgerald Sues Saudi Arabia Over 9/11 - Sep 04, 2004
Cantor Fitzgerald, the brokerage firm that lost 658 employees in the Sept. 11 attack, has sued Saudi Arabia, charging that the kingdom "provided funding and material support and substantial assistance" to Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. (New York Times )

9/11 Families Want Victims Remains Removed from Fresh Kills - Sep 02, 2004
About 40 relatives and friends of Trade Center victims turned out at Ground Zero to insist that dust containing tiny fragments of blood, bone and human ashes be removed from the Staten Island's Fresh Kills landfill to a burial ground. (New York Daily News)

Stuyvesant Students Protest GOP's Use of 9/11 - Sep 02, 2004
Less than two weeks before the third anniversary of 9/11, about 30 current and former Stuyvesant students rallied against President George W. Bush, and the GOP Convention's use of Ground Zero. (Newsday )

Serving Delegates, Former Trade Center Workers Silently Recall Windows on the World - Sep 01, 2004
As Republicans rally and party in New York this week, they have frequently raised the subject of the terrorist attacks of September 11th, some more delicately than others. That day is history, of course. But in the city they have chosen for their political coronation, it is also personal - so personal that they may be closer to the tragedy than they realize, in the form of that silent person before them, offering tenderloin tips on a tray. (New York Times )

Giuliani Has Told Story About 9/11 Prayer for Bush Before - Sep 01, 2004
The anecdote seemed almost too scripted, too on-message to be true. Rudolph W. Giuliani told the Republican National Convention on Monday night that, in a spontaneous moment, in the midst of the attacks on Sept. 11, he had grabbed the arm of his police commissioner and said, "Thank God George Bush is our president." (New York Times )

Father Who Abandoned Son Will Get 9/11 Cash - Sep 01, 2004
The state's highest court yesterday let stand a decision making a man who abandoned his son at age 20 months eligible for half of a death benefit after the son perished in the World Trade Center attacks. (New York Daily News)

Delegates Continue to Flock to Ground Zero - Sep 01, 2004
Energized by speeches that framed President George W. Bush as the right leader in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 attacks, Republican delegates flocked to Ground Zero Tuesday to see the site where they say a presidency was forged. (Newsday )

New Yorkers Split on GOPs Use of 9/11 - Sep 01, 2004
Some New Yorkers expressed outrage yesterday over the Republicans' use of the Sept. 11 terror attacks for political purposes, while others said the GOP was correct in keeping alive the memory of the tragic event. (Newsday )

Rebuilding NYC August 2004


Procession of Convention Speakers Evoke 9/11 - Aug 31, 2004
The Republican Party opened its convention yesterday with a searing evocation of the Sept. 11 attacks that leveled the World Trade Center three years ago, as former Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani of New York asserted that Senator John Kerry did not have the fortitude to lead the nation through a war on terror. A procession of speakers - including a former New York City police commissioner, the current mayor of New York and a former terrorism prosecutor - invoked Mr. Bush's leadership after Sept. 11, 2001, in the city where the attacks took their greatest toll to recount the tragedy that the president's aides view as the linchpin to his re-election (New York Times )

With 9/11 as Focus, GOP Treads Delicate Line - Aug 31, 2004
There is only the finest of lines between invoking a disaster in which all New Yorkers , and all Americans, regardless of party, felt such a devastating stake, and exploiting it for partisan advantage. From morning to night, the Republicans strode proudly, even defiantly, right up to that line - if not over it - and the delegates responded with roaring approval. (New York Times )

For New Visitors, An Emotional Tour of Ground Zero - Aug 31, 2004
The difficulty of visiting ground zero is more than emotional and spiritual, though it is certainly that. After all, this is where 2,749 people died on Sept. 11, 2001. The difficulty is also practical. There is no one place to take it all in, no public vantage that offers an all-encompassing panorama of the World Trade Center site and neighboring towers, some of which Ă‘ it may shock you to see Ă‘ are almost as ravaged now as they were that Tuesday morning. (New York City)

Delegates Find Emotion and Debate at Ground Zero - Aug 31, 2004
Even more than usual, cultures clashed at ground zero. Ruled off limits to formal political protests or organized patriotic parades, the edges of the scarred 17 acres became a place for people to act out the stresses and strains that are natural when a tidal wave of Republicans washes up on a rocky Democratic shore. (New York Times )

Giuliani Boldly Uses 9/11 to Defend Bush in Convention Speech - Aug 31, 2004
President Bush must be re-elected because the nation owes it to the victims of 9/11 to continue his unrelenting war on terrorism, Rudy Giuliani declared last night. (New York Post )

Bloomberg, Thanking Bush for Help After 9/11, Gets Mixed Reception at Convention - Aug 31, 2004
Former Democrat Mayor Bloomberg yesterday welcomed Republicans to their convention, removing any doubt about where his political allegiances lie. He threw his support behind President Bush and thanked the GOP for aiding New York in the wake of 9/11. (New York Post )

September 11 Fund Prepares to Close - Aug 31, 2004
The September 11th Fund will close in December, having awarded more than $500 million in grants to 100,000 people affected by the 2001 terrorist attacks. (Associated Press)

Bloomberg: City Has Recovered from 9/11 - Aug 31, 2004
Mayor Michael Bloomberg welcomed delegates to the Republican National Convention on Monday by proclaiming that the city has fully recovered from the World Trade Center attack and thanking Republicans for choosing New York. (Newsday )

Delegates See Ground Zero as Bush Symbol - Aug 31, 2004
The politicking is taking place at Madison Square Garden, but for many Republican delegates gathered for the convention, the key to re-electing President George W. Bush actually lies a little farther south. (Newsday )

Some 9/11 Families Say GOP Exploiting Attacks - Aug 31, 2004
As Republicans begin their convention Monday, they remember those who lost their lives on September 11, 2001, and the Bush administration's response to the attacks (NY1)

Republicans Will Feature 9/11 Prominently at Convention - Aug 30, 2004
Republican leaders said yesterday that they would repeatedly remind the nation of the Sept. 11 attacks as their convention opens in New York City today, beginning a week in which the party seeks to pivot to the center and seize on street demonstrations to portray Democrats as extremist. (New York Times )

9/11 Aid for Small Businesses Going Unused - Aug 30, 2004
With four months remaining in a 9/11 program intended to pour $155 million into small businesses that move to or stay in Lower Manhattan, a third of the money remains to be awarded or pledged. (New York Times )

One Tribute to 9/11 Victims Has Never Been Seen by Public - Aug 30, 2004
One of the most moving tributes to the victims of Sept. 11 has never been seen in public Ă‘ a 30-foot flag emblazoned with images of the victims. (New York Post )

Delegates Drawn to Ground Zero - Aug 30, 2004
Convention delegates who visited the former site of the Twin Towers said they felt compelled to see Ground Zero. Sept. 11, they said, was a turning point for the country and for them, deepening their patriotism and desire to see the nation swiftly defended. (Newsday )

Religious Group Call for More Aid to 9/11 Victims, Families - Aug 30, 2004
A local religious organization says it wants more help for victims and families of 9/11. (NY1)

With Ground Zero as GOP Backdrop, 9/11 Families Express Raw Emotion - Aug 29, 2004
With the third anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks coming little more than a week after the convention, a survey by The New York Times shows that those with the most personal connection to 9/11 - those who lost a loved one - differ from the public at large on some political and national issues: They are more skeptical about national safety and less impressed with the administration's efforts before and after the attacks. (New York Times)

9/11 Families Approach Convention From Different Perspectives - Aug 29, 2004
Jimmy Boyle, who lost his firefighter son Michael at the World Trade Center, will be attending the Republican National Convention. David Potorti, whose brother James was also killed on Sept. 11, is in the city for the event as well. But the two men are driven by very different motivations and will play very different parts. (Newsday)

Toys Showing Airplane Flying into Twin Towers are Recalled - Aug 28, 2004
Bags of candy left a sour taste when parents found it included a grotesque toy - an airplane flying into the World Trade Center. (New York Daily News)

Anti-War Signs Face Ground Zero - Aug 28, 2004
Convention delegates and tourists who venture down to the World Trade Center site to pay their respects to the victims of 9/11 will also see a series of anti-war signs in condominiums owned by rap mogul Russell Simmons and two of his former neighbors. (Downtown Express)

Protesters to Ring Bells and Form Ring Around Ground Zero - Aug 28, 2004
In a dimly lit room in the back of Cafe Figaro on Bleecker St. on a recent Sunday afternoon, Christian Herold and nine other individuals were getting down to details. (Downtown Express)

Ground Zero Artifacts to be Preserved in Transit Hub - Aug 27, 2004
A 66-foot-long, travertine-paved remnant of the original World Trade Center concourse - still used every day by hundreds of commuters walking between the Eighth Avenue subway platforms and the PATH station - will be permanently preserved as part of the new trade center transportation hub, the Port Authority said yesterday. (New York Times)

Preservationists File Suit Over WTC Development - Aug 27, 2004
A coalition of 9/11 families sued the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. and the Port Authority yesterday, alleging the agencies are violating a federal law requiring them to preserve historical artifacts Ă‘ a move that could halt construction at Ground Zero. (New York Post )

Port Authority Looks for JFK Ferry Link - Aug 27, 2004
The Port Authority invited ferry operators Thursday to submit proposals for boat connections between Lower Manhattan and Kennedy International Airport. (Newsday)

Speaker's Comments Anger New York Democrats - Aug 26, 2004
Some of New York's Congressional Democrats yesterday denounced what they saw as House Speaker J. Dennis Hastert's negative portrayal of their efforts to secure federal aid after the Sept. 11 terror attacks, accusing him of partisan politics less than a week before the Republican National Convention begins here. (New York Times)

City Security is Ready for Convention, Says Homeland Security Chief - Aug 26, 2004
"The city is secure." That was the message from Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge during a Republican National Convention security briefing at NYPD Headquarters yesterday. (New York Post )

Maloney Calls for Reopening Victims Compensation Fund - Aug 26, 2004
A bill on its way to Congress calls for reopening the federal Victim Compensation Fund. (NY1)

Fire Testing is Questioned in Findings on Twin Towers - Aug 26, 2004
For more than two years, federal investigators have been struggling to resolve a critical and contentious question concerning the collapse of the World Trade Center towers: was the spray-on fireproofing initially placed on the twin towers' innovative lightweight floors sufficient to protect them in a major fire? Now, a series of federally sponsored tests that ended here today has produced a provocative but complex finding: the fireproofing, as it was installed during the construction of the trade center in the 1960's, met the standards of the day. (New York Times )

House Leader Charges NY Officials With 9/11 Money-Grubbing in New Book - Aug 25, 2004
House Speaker Dennis Hastert is charging in a new book that New York lawmakers' attempts to win financial aid after the 9/11 attacks amounted to an "unseemly scramble" for money. (New York Post )

Ferry Riders Against Naming Boat "September 11" - Aug 25, 2004
Most Staten Island Ferry riders say naming a new boat the "September 11th" in honor of those killed in the terror attacks is "a bad idea," a new survey says. (New York Post )

Comptroller Warns of Shortfall in Federal 9/11 Aid - Aug 25, 2004
Comptroller William Thompson asserted Tuesday that the city may not receive as much as $5.2 billion in World Trade Center aid. In a report issued days before the start of the Republican National Convention here, Thompson says the funding is in jeopardy because of long-term delays and a "failure to monitor the progress" of parts of the aid package. (Newsday)

Ground Zero Ad Removed - Aug 24, 2004
The MTA has decided to remove a bright electronic advertising screen at the top of the Cortlandt Street subway station, near Ground Zero, after a lawmaker argued it would interfere with ceremonies marking the anniversary of 9/11. (New York Post)

Port Authority Announces 9/11 Plans - Aug 24, 2004
The Port Authority, which lost 84 employees in the 2001 attack on the World Trade Center, will hold a memorial service this Sept. 11 in a church near the Twin Towers site. (Newsday)

9/11 Commission Publishes Two Extra Reports - Aug 24, 2004
The 9/11 Commission has released two additional reports, one on terrorism financing and the other on customs failures. (NY1)

9/11 Search Dogs Dying of Cancer, But Scientists See No Link - Aug 22, 2004
Fourteen search and rescue dogs have died since their exposure to toxic rubble from the Sept. 11 terrorist attack - including eight from cancer, according to a study by the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine. But researchers believe there is no connection between the deaths and the chemicals they were exposed to. (New York Daily News)

Bikers Complete Fundraising Ride to Ground Zero - Aug 22, 2004
Hundreds of motorcycle riders completed an annual fundraising trek from Washington, D.C., to the World Trade Center site Saturday. About 1,200 bikers completed the trip. While there's no word yet on how much money was raised, last year organizers were able to buy four fully-equipped police motorcycles, which were donated to police departments around the country. One was given to the Port Authority Police Department. (NY1)

9/11 Commission Formally Disbands - Aug 21, 2004
The Sept. 11 commission was to close down Saturday, but its members plan to continue testifying before Congress and traveling the country to try to get the government to improve homeland security. (Associated Press)

Citigroup Atrium Reopens After Terror Warning - Aug 21, 2004
Until Thursday, Citigroup Center at Lexington Avenue and 53rd Street had been off-limits to visitors and shoppers following the Aug. 1 warning that the building was a terrorist target. It was only Friday that nontenants were finally allowed to enter the building and visit some 20 shops on its ground and underground levels. (Newsday)

9/11 Families Support Immigrant Driver's License Restrictions - Aug 20, 2004
Families of Sept. 11th victims backed yesterday a controversial state plan to revoke driver's licenses from hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants who got them using fake Social Security numbers. (New York Daily News)

Flag Found in Ground Zero Rubble Flies Over Reopened Post Office - Aug 20, 2004
An American flag that flew over the post office across from the World Trade Center was returned to Ground Zero yesterday during a rededication ceremony for the newly restored postal facility. The flag, found in the rubble of the WTC after 9/11, will be mounted in the lobby of the post office at 90 Church St. as a memorial. (New York Post )

Muslim FBI Agent Sues US, Charging Post 9/11 Bias - Aug 20, 2004
The FBI's legal attache to seven countries including Saudi Arabia during and after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks sued the Department of Justice on Thursday, saying the FBI all but sabotaged his efforts in a petty campaign to discredit him. According to his lawsuit, Rattigan was subjected to harassment and discrimination because he turned to the Islamic religion in December 2001. (Newsday )

Post Office Closed on 9/11 Reinaugerated - Aug 19, 2004
Church Street Station reopened Monday, Aug. 2. Today, Postmaster General John E. Potter will formally reinaugurate the 67-year-old post office, at 90 Church Street, by unveiling an American flag that last flew there on Sept. 11, 2001. Folded and encased, the flag was displayed at Postal Service headquarters in Washington. (New York Times)

Advertising Arrives at Ground Zero - Aug 19, 2004
Having mournfully contemplated the place where 2,749 people perished on Sept. 11, 2001, you may be ready to plan your next ski vacation. If so, you can read all about the All for One Pass, which entitles you - for as little as $349 - to admission at six New England resorts, including Killington and Mount Snow. The information is displayed about 25 feet from the viewing wall at ground zero, animated and bright as daylight, atop a stairway to the Cortlandt Street subway station. You can\'t miss it. (New York Times)

Environmentalists Accuse President of Misleading Residents on Air Quality - Aug 19, 2004
The Bush administration repeatedly misled New Yorkers on air quality around Ground Zero and played down the health problems suffered by residents and workers after the 9/11 attacks, an environmental group charged yesterday. (New York Daily News)

New York Democrats: Bush Exploits 9/11 - Aug 18, 2004
Congressional Democrats from New York Tuesday said President George Bush has exploited the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks for political gain. (Washington Times)

Parents to Lead Ceremony Honoring 9/11 Victims - Aug 17, 2004
The ceremony commemorating the third anniversary of the Sept. 11 terrorist attack will closely follow the script for last year's event. But officials said yesterday that there would be a change in the cast: instead of the victims' children taking center stage, the victims' parents and grandparents will. (New York Times)

Name Added to 9/11 Death List - Aug 17, 2004
This name has been added to the list of confirmed dead in the World Trade Center attacks: Meredith Lynn Whalen, 23. (New York Post )

Plans for 9/11 Anniversary Ceremony Announced - Aug 17, 2004
The parents and grandparents of the 2,749 people lost in the Sept. 11, 2001, World Trade Center attack will read the names of victims at the third anniversary of the tragedy, officials announced yesterday. (Newsday)

Construction on Staten Island's 9/11 Memorial Begins - Aug 17, 2004
Workers started installing a memorial to the September 11 victims on Staten Island Monday. (NY1)

Senate Continues Hearings on 9/11 Commission Report - Aug 17, 2004
Two Senate committees held hearings Monday on the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission. (NY1)

Many Companies Haven't Increased Security Since 9/11 - Aug 16, 2004
Thomas E. Cavanagh set out last spring to answer a basic question: were executives of midsize companies - including potentially vulnerable industries like transportation, financial services, utilities and telecommunications - spending more on security than they did before 9/11? The results were not without surprises: almost half the roughly 100 companies on which he gained information had not increased annual spending on security at all after Sept. 11. (New York Times)

In Texas, Bits of Ground Zero - Aug 15, 2004
They were riveted by the remnants from ground zero, and they could see them from just inches away without having to leave Cleburne, Tex. The people were at an exhibition in Cleburne, population 28,000, about 30 miles south of Fort Worth. It was the latest stop for the New York State Museum's traveling exhibition about the effort to recover human remains and personal objects from the rubble of the World Trade Center after the debris was brought to the Fresh Kills landfill on Staten Island. (New York Times)

Scientologists Offer 9/11 Detox Program for $5,000 - Aug 15, 2004
The managers of a Scientology-based detox program that's been free for those officially involved in the 9/11 rescue effort now want to offer the service to thousands of other Ground Zero victims Ă‘ for $5,000 each. (New York Post )

Reopening of Ground Zero Post Office Makes Life Easier Downtown - Aug 15, 2004
Downtowners living and working near the World Trade Center now have a shorter trek to make when sending packages and picking up mail Ă‘ the Church St. post office reopened earlier this month after a three-year closing caused by damage from the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks. (Downtown Express)

Hudson Yards Will Not Affect Downtown Development, Says Planner - Aug 15, 2004
Vishaan Chakrabarti, director of the Department of City PlanningÕs Manhattan Office, insisted that the Hudson Yards would not threaten Downtown. "We're working with the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. to make the rebuilding of Downtown happen," he said. "Some companies will choose Midtown and some will choose Downtown," he said, "But the World Trade Center will redevelop first before you see a single skyscraper on the West Side." (Downtown Express)

Watchdog Group Recommends Diversifying Lower Manhattan Development Corporation Board - Aug 15, 2004
The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation has failed to allocate its federal 9/11 recovery funds in a transparent way and has given undue preference to big businesses and organizations with ties to its board members, according to a report released this week by a budget watchdog organization. (Downtown Express)

Council Will Run Ads on Security Funding During Convention - Aug 13, 2004
Council and labor union officials will run newspaper ads just before the Republican National Convention to call for more federal money for local antiterrorism and education programs, Council officials said yesterday. (New York Times)

Muslim Cabdriver Attacked in 9/11-Related Bias Crime - Aug 13, 2004
A taxi driver was punched in the face by a pedestrian near the World Trade Center site Wednesday night in what police are investigating as a possible bias incident. (Newsday)

With 9/11 As His Tool, Giuliani Works to Promote Bush - Aug 12, 2004
Just weeks before the Republican National Convention hits his hometown, Rudolph W. Giuliani is emerging as a central player in the Bush re-election effort, attacking John Kerry, racing around the country campaigning and directly leveraging the events of Sept. 11 in ways that President Bush and many of his closest allies have not dared. (New York Times)

Lower Manhattan Development Corporation Favors Corporate Interests, Says Report - Aug 12, 2004
A budget watchdog group said yesterday that the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation had favored corporate interests and had approved millions of dollars in contracts with organizations connected to the corporation board. (New York Times)

Tourist or Terrorist? - Aug 12, 2004
The family pictures depict what relatives say is the real Kamran Akhtar: a loving family man, not a video-shooting potential terrorist. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Tree to be Cast in Bronze - Aug 12, 2004
A sycamore tree shielded St. Paul's Church from falling debris from the World Trade Center collapse on September 11, 2001. Now, the tree's root system is being made into a sculpture that will rest on the church grounds. (NY1)

City Well on Its Way to Receiving Its $20 Billion in Federal Aid - Aug 12, 2004
Less than three weeks before the Republican National Convention comes to town, a report released yesterday says the Bush administration is well on the way to providing all the $20.5 billion it promised the city after the World Trade Center attacks. (Jersey Journal)

Will WTC Cultural Center Be Built on Greenwich and Fulton, or Somewhere Else? - Aug 12, 2004
"RISK-TAKING." That is a quality that the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation says it will seek in choosing architects for the cultural buildings at the new World Trade Center. The question is whether any architect will risk a prospective commission by challenging the current planning orthodoxy which requires that the museum complex be located within the memorial precinct. (New York Times )

Pataki Signs Lower Manhattan Construction Act - Aug 11, 2004
New rules are being implemented for construction projects in downtown Manhattan, with the intention of ensuring high-quality work is done in a timely manner. (NY1)

Queens Street Named for 9/11 Victim - Aug 11, 2004
Hundreds of family, friends, rescue workers and city officials gathered in Queens Sunday as a street was renamed for a man killed in September 11, 2001, attacks. (NY1)

For Bush, No Trips to Ground Zero During Convention - Aug 11, 2004
There will be no formally sanctioned commemorations at the site of the former World Trade Center during the Republican National Convention, convention planners and government officials have told The Observer. (New York Observer)

Couples Avoid September 11 Weddings - Aug 10, 2004
For the first time since the terror attacks of 2001, Sept. 11 falls on a Saturday this year. September has become a popular month for brides - second only to June - but people who plan weddings say that some prospective brides and bridegrooms are avoiding the day and the overtones of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. They do not want grief-laden memories of loss and fear dimming the joy and hope that will come with saying "I do," running the gantlet of rice-throwing guests and dancing their first dance as a married couple. (New York Times)

Son of Firefighter Who Died on 9/11 Becomes Firefighter - Aug 10, 2004
The FDNY's graduation for 170 probies yesterday was bittersweet for its class valedictorian Ă‘ the young man's beloved dad, a firefighter who perished on 9/11, wasn't there to see him accept his certificate. (New York Post )

Responding to Warning, Feds Take Over Helicopter Security - Aug 10, 2004
Federal security officers will take over the screening of all passengers on helicopter tours in New York City, after officials found that suspected Qaeda operatives in Pakistan had photographs, a brochure and other information about the tours. (New York Times)

Al Qaeda Files Show City's Vulnerabilities - Aug 09, 2004
Computers and disks seized from an Al Qaeda operative contain chilling details of how vulnerable some landmarks are and how terrorists could use limo bombs, hijacked helicopters and other diabolical schemes to destroy them. (New York Daily News)

Terror Threat "Constant" Says Police Commissioner - Aug 09, 2004
The terror threat to the city is "fairly constant" - but New Yorkers should not shrug off heightened alerts, Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly said. (New York Daily News)

City Using New Technology to Identify 9/11 Remains - Aug 09, 2004
Of the 2,749 victims of 9/11, investigators identified 738 using dental records and 827 through traditional DNA testing, according to the medical examiner's office. The city just hired Affymetrix, a California-based genetics company, that has developed a new technology officials say could succeed where others have failed. (New York Post )

City Faces Biggest Security Challenge Yet at End of August - Aug 08, 2004
The NYPD's counterterrorism playbook will face its biggest, and most expensive, test in only three weeks. Hosting the Republican National Convention would be taxing enough. But cops also will be playing defense for the U.S. Open, the Yankees and Mets when the GOP comes to town. (New York Daily News)

Verizon Receives $77 Million in 9/11 Funds - Aug 08, 2004
Verizon Communications Inc. received another $77 million in federal funds earmarked for restoring utilities and rebuilding infrastructure damaged in the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, according to a regulatory filing Friday. (Newsday)

Wall Street Exodus Leaves Country's Financial Markets Safer - Aug 08, 2004
America's financial markets are more insulated from the effects of a terrorist attack because the nation's financial hub is expanding beyond Wall Street to the New York City metropolitan area, principally into New Jersey. The result of the scattering of financial offices throughout the metro area is that it is unlikely a limited-scale terrorist attack would bring the American financial industry to its knees, as it did in the days following the Sept. 11 attacks. (Allentown Morning Call )

Libeskind Will Be Among Architects Competing to Design Cultural Buildings - Aug 07, 2004
aniel Libeskind, who devised the master plan for the World Trade Center site but has not yet fully designed a building there, will be among the architects competing to design one or both of the cultural complexes planned for the redevelopment. In issuing a request for proposals this week, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation painted the fullest picture to date of what visitors might find when the two complexes are completed in 2009. (New York Times)

Bloomberg Knew About Terror Warning in Advance - Aug 07, 2004
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said yesterday that he knew of the terror alerts concerning financial institutions in Washington and the New York region two days before the Bush administration publicly released the information. But Mr. Bloomberg, speaking on his weekly radio program, added that he decided not to alert city residents immediately because he wanted to give city officials time to make preparations and to respond to public concerns that would be raised. The alert was publicly issued on Sunday. (New York Times)

A Cartoonist's Account of 9/11 - Aug 07, 2004
Unlike most cartoonists, the Pulitzer Prize winner Art Spiegelman, 56, tends to focus on the big traumas of contemporary history and their impact on his life. Mr. Spiegelman's graphic novels about how his Polish-Jewish parents survived the fires of World War II, "Maus I" and "Maus II," sold 1.8 million copies in the United States, according to his publisher, Pantheon Books. Next month Pantheon is releasing "In the Shadow of No Towers," Art Spiegelman's artistic response to the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, as well as an expression of his deep opposition to the war in Iraq. (New York Times)

Bin Laden May Have Sent Man to Case NY Buildings - Aug 07, 2004
A terror suspect jailed in London may have been sent by Osama Bin Laden to personally case New York City buildings that are now the subject of heightened orange alert security measures. (New York Daily News)

New York's Share of Security Funds Dropped This Year - Aug 07, 2004
Despite ominous new threats of attacks, New York state's share of federal anti-terror money actually went down this year, according to a startling new congressional report released yesterday. (New York Post)

Mayor: Get Used to Tight Security - Aug 07, 2004
As police continued their tight grip on the city, Mayor Michael Bloomberg told New Yorkers on Friday to get used to the extra security because it's going to be around for some time. (Newsday)

Russell Simmons' Signs at Ground Zero Cause Controversy - Aug 07, 2004
Signs posted on the windows of millionaire music mogul Russell Simmons' apartment reading "No More War, "Peace," and "No More Lies" are causing a bit of controversy. The apartment overlooks Ground Zero. (NY1)

Downtowners React to Terror Warning - Aug 07, 2004
It wasn't quite business as usual on Monday, as Downtowners went about their routines amid heightened security in response to terror threats against the Citigroup buildings and the New York Stock Exchange. But many residents and workers greeted the alert with resolve, saying it would not cause them to change their behavior. (Downtown Express)

Health Registry Prepares for Final Registration Push - Aug 07, 2004
The World Trade Center Health Registry has become the largest registry in U.S. history, but the more than 50,000 enrollees still fall short of the city's expectations for the program. In the three weeks remaining before the Aug. 31 cutoff, officials hope to enroll many more people, particularly Lower Manhattan residents. The effort aims to track the long-term physical and mental health consequences of the World Trade Center disaster. (Downtown Express)

WTC Cultural Institutions Tell Residents What to Expect - Aug 07, 2004
Representatives from the four cultural institutions selected for the arts and museum complex at the redeveloped World Trade Center site told residents what kinds of amenities they could expect when the complex opens in five years. (Downtown Express)

City Gains Control of Streets at Trade Center Site - Aug 06, 2004
New York City - and not the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey - will own and control the streets and sidewalks that run through the World Trade Center site, under an agreement that lifts a 37-year-old cloud over ownership of the property. (New York Times)

Maryland Man Guilty of $450,000 9/11 Fraud - Aug 06, 2004
A Maryland man pleaded guilty yesterday to stealing $450,000 in federal funds targeted for downtown businesses affected by the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Manhattan U.S. Attorney's Office announced yesterday. (New York Post)

Traffic from Terror Alerts Costing City - Aug 06, 2004
Mayor Michael Bloomberg expressed concern yesterday that grinding traffic from terror-related restrictions on bridges and tunnels might have affected the city's finances. (Newsday)

9/11 Commission Urges Americans to Vote on Report - Aug 05, 2004
The chairman of the Sept. 11 commission said on Wednesday that voters in November's presidential election should weigh how President Bush and Senator John Kerry respond to the commission's final report in determining how they vote. (New York Times)

City Works on Skyscraper Evacuation Plans - Aug 05, 2004
More than 11 years after terrorists first struck at the World Trade Center, the city is still struggling to complete guidelines for evacuating high-rise buildings where thousands of workers would face vital questions of what to do if their skyscraper were to come under attack. (New York Times)

Restrictions on Trucks Entering Manhattan Eased - Aug 05, 2004
Three days after sharply increasing security in response to a federal alert about possible terrorist plots, the New York City Police Department last night partly lifted its ban on trucks and vans entering Manhattan. (New York Times)

Tourists Not Letting Terrorists Win - Aug 05, 2004
The tourists aren't letting the terrorists win. New York City welcomed a record 37.8 million visitors in 2003, bringing more than an estimated $16 billion into the local economy, Mayor Bloomberg said yesterday. (New York Daily News)

Police Make $1.5 Million in Overtime This Week, Due to Security Measures - Aug 05, 2004
Safety measures prompted by this week's increased security alert will drive the Police Department's anti-terrorism-related overtime to about $1.5 million for the week, a 50 percent increase over the norm, officials said yesterday. (Newsday)

Bloomberg Takes Current Threat More Seriously Than Previous Ones - Aug 04, 2004
Since the day Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg took office, his responses to numerous federal warnings about possible terrorist attacks have been almost identical. Without exactly being dismissive, he has told New Yorkers to leave security concerns "to the professionals," and then promptly cantered around the city, spreading the word that the city is safe and open for business. This week, however, while continuing his breakneck tours of the five boroughs, Mr. Bloomberg has taken a slightly different tack, viewing the latest alert issued by the Department of Homeland Security in a very sober light. During a television interview yesterday, (New York Times)

After Terror Alert, How Long to Keep Extra Security in Place? - Aug 04, 2004
Just two days after the new terror alerts, questions - and even resentment - arose from inside the cross hairs, and police officials coordinating stepped-up security measures were looking ahead to when it would be possible to step back down. (New York Times)

FBI Fears Qaeda Operatives Are in New York - Aug 04, 2004
The FBI is monitoring suspected Al Qaeda operatives and members of two allied terror groups in the New York City area, the FBI's New York director said yesterday. (New York Daily News)

Security Slows Brooklyn Traffic - Aug 04, 2004
Anti-terror roadblocks turned Brooklyn into a parking lot yesterday morning, pushing drivers to the breaking point and forcing police to retool their traffic strategy for today. (New York Daily News)

Straining With Security Costs, City Officials Remind Washington of Funding Needs - Aug 04, 2004
The city's stepped-up security, which includes posting cops outside major financial firms and checking trucks for possible explosives, is costing New York an estimated $5 million a week, NYPD sources said. But don't expect the feds to pick up much of the tab, which comes amid new evidence Al Qaeda plotted to blow up the New York Stock Exchange and the Citigroup building. (New York Daily News)

Statue of Liberty Reopens Under Heavy Security - Aug 04, 2004
Lady Liberty is back as a beacon for huddled masses of tourists after being closed for nearly three years following the 9/11 terror attacks. (New York Daily News)

Mayor Tried to Spin 9/11 Commission Report - Aug 04, 2004
More than a month before the 9/11 Commission released its final report, Mayor Michael Bloomberg tried to persuade the commission to craft its findings in a way that would portray the city in a better light, according to a memo obtained by Newsday. (Newsday)

More Than 50,000 Enroll in WTC Health Registry - Aug 04, 2004
Mental health problems and respiratory ailments top the list of short-term effects on those who were in lower Manhattan on Sept. 11, 2001, according to a preliminary review of the Health Department's World Trade Center registry. More than 50,000 people have enrolled so far in the registry, which will monitor the long-term impacts of exposure. The deadline for enrollment is Aug. 31. (Newsday)

9/11 Families Want Legislation Passed on Commission Report by Year's End - Aug 04, 2004
Relatives of those killed on Sept. 11 brought the fight over intelligence reforms to Congress's doorstep Tuesday, challenging lawmakers to act quickly to pass reform legislation by the end of the year. (Associated Press)

Another Day, Another Security Alert - Aug 04, 2004
New Yorkers adjusted their schedules and continued to cope on the second business day of terrorist-inspired threats that officials described as real, albeit based partially on old information. (Newsday)

Working to Calm New Yorkers During Terror Alert - Aug 04, 2004
What's happening behind closed doors at the Pentagon, the C.I.A. and the White House is above our security clearance. And the complex engineering and construction work required to secure buildings like the Citigroup tower against terrorist attack is beyond our layman's understanding. But Laura Bush sitting in the atrium of the Citigroup Center, joined by Mayor Bloomberg and Governor PatakiÑespecially in the weeks leading up to the Republican National ConventionÑas armed gunmen trawl Manhattan's streets, is something that we all can understand. (New York Observer)

Intelligence Leading to Terror Warning Was Years Old - Aug 03, 2004
Much of the information that led the authorities to raise the terror alert at several large financial institutions in the New York City and Washington areas was three or four years old, intelligence and law enforcement officials said on Monday. They reported that they had not yet found concrete evidence that a terrorist plot or preparatory surveillance operations were still under way. But the officials continued to regard the information as significant and troubling because the reconnaissance already conducted has provided Al Qaeda with the knowledge necessary to carry out attacks against the sites in Manhattan, Washington and Newark (New York Times)

Following 9/11 Commission's Recommendation, Bush Endorses New Intelligence Czar - Aug 03, 2004
President Bush on Monday generally endorsed the two main recommendations of the 9/11 commission, saying he would support creation of a potentially powerful post, national intelligence director, and the establishment of a counterterrorism center to coordinate intelligence analysis and efforts to thwart attacks. (New York Times)

For New York, Terror Alert Has Economic Consequences - Aug 03, 2004
Prompted by warnings from Washington that Al Qaeda might try to strike New York's financial heart again, more-visible security measures returned to New York yesterday as the city responded to apparent threats against specific buildings for the first time. The stepped-up measures led to worries that the security delays and psychological effects of the terrorism threat will act as a brake on a city economy that is just beginning to rev up after a prolonged slump. (New York Times)

Statue of Liberty Reopens For First Time Since 9/11 - Aug 03, 2004
On the way to the Statue of Liberty National Monument yesterday, visitors could pick up glossy brochures featuring a cutaway diagram of the statue's interior, complete with an image of tiny tourists ascending the spiral stairs to the crown. But when the base of the statue reopens to the public today for the first time since Sept. 11, 2001, people will have to be content with only their memories, or imaginings, of making the long, claustrophobic climb to the top. Like the torch, which was closed in 1916 after being damaged by a saboteur's bomb, the crown is now off limits. (New York Times)

New Yorkers Carry On Despite Terror Alert - Aug 03, 2004
New Yorkers forged on in the face of the latest Al Qaeda terror threat yesterday as the First Lady and her daughters made a morale-boosting mission to the jittery city. (New York Daily News)

Bloomberg Takes His Own Advice on Terror Alert - Aug 03, 2004
Mayor Bloomberg took his own advice yesterday and went about his day as usual - riding the subways, breaking ground on a new office tower, even hosting a relaxed barbecue at Gracie Mansion for city workers. (New York Daily News)

Security Measures Not So Hard on Traffic, After All - Aug 03, 2004
Light traffic met heavy security yesterday on New York streets, where new checkpoints and road closings caused only isolated backups, officials said. (New York Daily News)

Terror Alert Means Busy Day for Police - Aug 03, 2004
A day after a chilling federal warning of a possible terror strike, reports of unattended bags had edgy cops racing from call to call throughout the city. Skittish residents watched with curiosity and fear. (New York Daily News)

On Wall Street, Traders Ignore Terror Alert - Aug 03, 2004
Traders at the New York Stock Exchange yesterday defied the terror warnings and went about their business Ă‘ the business of making money. (New York Post)

First Lady, Daughters Visit Citibank Building - Aug 03, 2004
First Lady Laura Bush and her twin daughters paid a surprise visit to the Citigroup Center yesterday, joining Mayor Bloomberg and Gov. Pataki to cheer on employees who ignored the terror threat and reported for work. (New York Post)

Names Added to 9/11 Death List - Aug 03, 2004
These names were added yesterday to the list of confirmed dead in the World Trade Center attacks: Melissa C. Doi, 32, and Heinrich Kimmig, 43. (New York Post)

Metropolitan Transportation Authority Earmarks $495 Million for Security - Aug 03, 2004
The MTA has earmarked $495 million toward "enhancing security readiness" in an effort to protect the region's vast rail network, officials said yesterday. (New York Post)

Attack is Planned for Early September, Says Qaeda Operative - Aug 03, 2004
More financial institutions than previously disclosed may be at risk of attack, and an al-Qaida operative has told British intelligence that the group's target date is early September, intelligence sources said yesterday. (Newsday)

Warnings Won't Affect Convention - Aug 03, 2004
New warnings about possible terrorist attacks on Manhattan financial institutions won't affect security for the upcoming Republican National Convention, authorities and security experts said Monday. (Newsday)

Security Increased in New York, New Jersey, Washington - Aug 02, 2004
New York City, Washington, the State of New Jersey and major financial institutions in Manhattan and northern New Jersey stepped up security yesterday to the highest levels since the terrorist attacks of three years ago after the Bush administration warned of alarming new intelligence reports targeting buildings and organizations at the heart of capitalism in America. (New York Times)

President Bush Preparing to Address 9/11 Commission's Recommendations - Aug 02, 2004
President Bush is prepared to announce within days a package of steps to carry out recommendations of the Sept. 11 commission, possibly including the creation of a new post of national intelligence director, but he is wary of following the panel's recommendation that the official work within the White House, senior administration officials said Friday. (New York Times)

Jitters Spread With News of Terror Warning - Aug 02, 2004
Security guards gathered around a radio in the lobby of the Citicorp Center yesterday as Homeland Security czar Tom Ridge named the building as a potential terror target. Cops welded shut manhole covers and searched trucks near the Wall St. home of the New York Stock Exchange. Across the river in Newark, police in flak jackets erected concrete barriers in front of the Prudential Plaza, yet another possible target. (New York Daily News)

Terror Warnings Will Bring Traffic Troubles - Aug 02, 2004
Terror fears are expected to bring traffic headaches throughout the city this morning, as police impose restrictions on bridges and tunnels, as well as streets around potential targets. (New York Daily News)

Statue of Liberty Under Guard at Time of Planned Reopening - Aug 02, 2004
Although officials cited only financial institutions in their latest terrorist warning, authorities will pay close attention to the Statue of Liberty, which opens to the public tomorrow for the first time since 9/11. (New York Post)

Bloomberg on Warnings: Go About Your Business - Aug 02, 2004
Go about your business. That was the message from Mayor Bloomberg yesterday. (New York Post)

Ground Zero Post Office Reopens - Aug 02, 2004
A post office heavily damaged in the World Trade Center attack finally reopens Monday. The 67-year-old facility is located at 90 Church Street, right across the street from the World Trade Center site. (NY1)

NYPD Heightens Security in Response to Threats - Aug 01, 2004
The New York Police Department, responding to new information that terrorists may be planning to attack corporations or large public institutions in the city, advised building managers and corporate security personnel on Saturday night to step up their procedures to guard against vehicles rigged with explosives and against chemical agents placed in ventilation systems. (New York Times )

Feds Warn of Possible Attack on NYC "Icons" - Aug 01, 2004
(Associated Press)

Feds Plan to Extend Environmental Testing - Aug 01, 2004
Community members and scientific experts applauded an Environmental Protection Agency proposal to expand testing for 9/11 contaminants to residences and workplaces north of Canal St. (Downtown Express)

Rebuilding NYC September 2003


WTC Worker Cleared in Clash With Police - Sep 30, 2003
A city supervisor at Ground Zero was cleared yesterday of criminal charges for trying to stop Port Authority cops from arresting a cleanup worker at the site. Three dozen supporters erupted in applause after a Manhattan jury acquitted Michael Kenny, 41, of resisting arrest, obstruction of justice and harassment in connection with the April 2002 incident. (New York Daily News)

Court Ruling on 9/11 Fund - Sep 30, 2003
A federal appeals court ruled yesterday that the government's Sept. 11 victim compensation fund can loosely limit award amounts - but criticized any attempt to cap their size. The ruling by the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a lower court judge, who tossed out three lawsuits challenging the victim's fund and its special master, Kenneth Feinberg. But the decision offered some encouragement to families who think they're being shortchanged. (New York Daily News)

A Profile of the Director of the Center on Terrorism and Public Safety - Sep 30, 2003
Charles Strozier is the director of John Jay's Center on Terrorism and Public Safety, begun after the 9/11 attacks. He has been teaching courses on terrorism -- often to police officers and firefighters -- at John Jay for more than a decade. After 9/11, he added classes like Terrorism and Politics and Terrorism and Apocalyptic Violence. He started a seminar series on terrorism that is part of a program that grants a certificate in terrorism studies on the graduate level. (New York Times)

Cost of Rebuilding Ground Zero Skyrockets - Sep 29, 2003
When federal, state and local government officials agreed to spend billions to rebuild the World Trade Center site, they signed on to repair damage to infrastructure and transportation in an effort to spark private reinvestment in the area. Over the past two years, that original scope expanded to include a range of other expenditures that could reach $1 billion. (Newsday)

Kerik: WTC site is sacred - Sep 29, 2003
No office building should rise on the footprints of the destroyed World Trade Center towers, former Police Commissioner Bernard Kerik said yesterday. "Would we build on Gettysburg? Would we build on a cemetery?" asked Kerik, who headed the NYPD during the terror attacks and recently returned from a four-month stint helping rebuild Iraq's police force. (New York Daily News)

Silverstein Marketing Space in 7 World Trade - Sep 29, 2003
World Trade Center leaseholder Larry Silverstein is actively marketing 1.7 million square feet of office space in the new 7 World Trade Center, Crain's New York Business reports this week. (New York Daily News)

Bloomberg to Approve Using 9/11 Bonds for Midtown Tower - Sep 29, 2003
The Bloomberg administration is expected tomorrow to approve a controversial plan to finance a new midtown office tower with tax-exempt bonds created to help lower Manhattan. The plan by the Durst Organization and the Bank of America to build the new tower at One Bryant Park with $650 million in so-called Liberty Bonds has drawn the ire of some downtown business leaders and government watchdogs. (New York Daily News)

Run Honors 9/11 Hero - Sep 29, 2003
Thousands of relatives and friends of World Trade Center terror attack victims walked and ran yesterday in their memory. In the morning, some 4,000 rain-soaked runners crossed the finish line on Vesey St., retracing Firefighter Stephen Siller's last steps, in the second annual Tunnel to Towers Run. (New York Daily News)

Developer Loses Ruling in Trade Center Insurance Dispute - Sep 27, 2003
Larry A. Silverstein, the developer who controls the commercial leases at the World Trade Center site, suffered a major setback yesterday in his effort to collect $7 billion in insurance payouts by having the Sept. 11 disaster considered as two separate terrorist attacks. The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit rejected Mr. Silverstein's argument that as a matter of law, the two planes that struck the trade center constituted two attacks requiring two insurance payouts. In addition, a separate ruling, involving three companies that insured the trade center, could make it more difficult for Mr. Silverstein to press his claim against 18 other insurance companies. (New York Times)

Time Granted in Dispute Over Insurance for 9/11 Site - Sep 26, 2003
The developer Larry A. Silverstein, who controls the commercial leases at the World Trade Center site, and the Port Authority have one month to settle their dispute with a lender over insurance proceeds needed to rebuild the complex. (New York Times)

Bus Plan Could Reopen WTC Wounds - Sep 25, 2003
The proposed revisions to the World Trade Center rebuilding plan don¹t provide enough parking space for tour buses and could reopen the emotional fight over the merits of preserving the footprints of the Twin Towers down to the site¹s bedrock, according to a director of the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. ³It¹s not enough,² Madelyn Wils, the director, said about the proposed number of buses to be built underground across the street from the W.T.C. site. ³It¹s not even close.² (Downtown Express)

Mayor, Governor Back 9/11 Funds for Midtown - Sep 25, 2003
Mayor Mike Bloomberg said last week it is ³perfectly appropriate² to use money intended to help New York recover from the attack on the World Trade Center to construct offices in Midtown. Gov. George Pataki pledged to help the mayor achieve his goals. (Downtown Express)

Opposition to South Ferry Subway Project Grows - Sep 25, 2003
The Metropolitan Transportation AuthorityÂąs proposed $400-million-dollar renovation of the South Ferry subway station is getting a cold reception Downtown. The proposal for renovation of the station, which serves the 1/9 subway lines in Lower Manhattan, includes relocating the platform and making it accessible to all 10 train cars for easier passenger boarding. Currently, passengers must walk to the first five cars of the vehicle to exit, a lengthy process that can cause schedule delays. The sharp curve of the tracks at the current station also causes schedule delays. (Downtown Express)

Ground Zero Arts Proposals Are Complete - Sep 25, 2003
A total of 112 cultural groups submitted ideas for ground zero by last week's deadline, officials of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation said yesterday. The groups, including the American Museum of Natural History, the Folksbiene Yiddish Theater and the New York Hall of Science, were responding to an invitation from the corporation, which is overseeing redevelopment of the World Trade Center site. (New York Times)

Barricades Going Down at One Wall Street - Sep 25, 2003
Security stations, trucks and police barricades blocking the Bank of New York's entrance at One Wall Street will be replaced by less intrusive security by April, the head of lower Manhattan's redevelopment agency promised the bank yesterday. (Newsday)

9/11 Counseling Program to be Extended - Sep 25, 2003
Federal officials are giving New Yorkers more time to seek counseling in a program to help cope with the horror of the terror attacks, Sen. Hillary Clinton said yesterday. New York's Democratic junior senator said Federal Emergency Management Undersecretary Michael Brown had committed to extending the deadline for Project Liberty treatment from December until June. (New York Daily News)

Silverstein's Legal Battles Continue - Sep 25, 2003
World Trade Center leaseholder Larry Silverstein has accused his bankers of trying to "choke off" his cash flow, run him out of business and derail the rebuilding of lower Manhattan in an escalating legal battle that will be aired in court today. (New York Post)

Families to Hold Memorial Walk - Sep 25, 2003
Relatives of Sept. 11, 2001, victims will participate in a remembrance walk to Ground Zero on Sunday to honor those who died in the attacks - and soldiers fighting the war on terror. The Rev. Bill Minson, the event's organizer, said people with family in the military also are welcome in the second annual We Remember Walk. (New York Daily News)

Learning From 9/11, Bloomberg Seeks High-Rise Safety Changes - Sep 24, 2003
Legislation that would enact most of the fire safety improvements for tall buildings recommended by a task force that studied the World Trade Center collapse was announced yesterday by Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg. Under a bill being submitted to the City Council next week, existing office towers in New York would have to comply with some of the stricter codes already in place for new buildings, including a potentially expensive requirement that sprinkler systems be installed. (New York Times)

Clinton Blocks EPA Nominee - Sep 24, 2003
New York Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton yesterday charged that the White House orchestrated a deliberate effort to mislead New Yorkers about the city's air quality after the 2001 terrorist attacks. Clinton used a Senate hearing on the nomination of Utah Gov. Michael Leavitt to head the Environmental Protection Agency to reiterate her demand that the administration again test the air quality of residences and businesses in lower Manhattan. (Newsday)

WTC Health List Draws 10,000 - Sep 24, 2003
More than 10,000 people have signed up for the World Trade Center Health Registry, less than two weeks after it opened, officials said yesterday. The registry, which aims to track health effects of the Sept. 11, 2001, attack over 20 years, includes people from 47 states and nine countries, so far. (New York Daily News)

A 9/11 Widow Finds a Renewal Amid Sorrow - Sep 23, 2003
If life is a lottery, it is hard to say just yet whether Virginia S. Bauer has won or lost. She has had her share of heartache. Her husband was killed in the attack on the World Trade Center. Yet she has also risen from the catastrophe to build a new identity, as one of the state's best-known advocates for 9/11 widows and as the new executive director of the New Jersey Lottery. (New York Times)

WTC Relic Sold On Web - Sep 23, 2003
A memorial sculpture made of steel from the wreckage of the World Trade Center has been sold on the Internet, infuriating relatives of 9/11 victims and the artist who created the poignant tribute. It wasn't immediately clear how one of the sculptures - distributed exclusively to victims' families - got into the hands of the company that hawked it on eBay. (New York Daily News)

Court Hears of Tussle at Ground Zero - Sep 23, 2003
A city Ground Zero supervisor was portrayed variously yesterday as a hothead and a hero to a Manhattan jury weighing charges that he resisted arrest. Michael Kenny, a construction project manager at the World Trade Center site, was arrested April 13, 2002, after he tried to stop Port Authority cops from arresting one of his workers. The worker, Clint Collins, angered cops when he tried to stop them from entering the site without protective gear, lawyers for Collins and Kenny contend (New York Daily News)

Design Team for Trade Center Reveals a Revised Master Plan - Sep 18, 2003
Rebuilding officials released a revised and expanded master plan for the World Trade Center site yesterday that includes a taller, slimmer set of office towers surrounding the central memorial area and a large new park immediately to the south. (New York Times)

Name "World Trade Center" May Endure Downtown - Sep 18, 2003
A series of decisions points to "World Trade Center" as the formal, future name of that acreage downtown, Daniel Libeskind designs and all. (New York Times)

Two Years Later: Despite Feeling Threatened, Few Bother With Preparations - Sep 9, 2003
Two years after the Sept. 11 attacks, a majority of Americans are concerned that they may face more terrorism, and they feel unprepared and have little faith that hospitals and law enforcement agencies can adequately respond, according to a study released yesterday. Fewer than one in four families have an emergency plan in place, though 81 percent of New Yorkers fear another terrorist attack will occur, according to the survey. (New York Times)

9/11 Detainees: Plans for Terror Inquiries Still Fall Short, Report Says - Sep 9, 2003
The Justice Department, criticized for its treatment of hundreds of illegal immigrants jailed after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, has not done enough to avoid a repeat by spelling out clear criteria for determining who is considered a terrorist suspect, an internal report concluded today. (New York Times)

Asian-Americans Face Cultural Barrier to 9/11 Counseling - Sep 9, 2003
According to a study being released today by the Asian American Federation of New York, many Asian-Americans rejected professional therapy after Sept. 11. Even some counseling services developed for Asians were not used much more in the year after Sept. 11, the study found. (New York Times)

Two Years Later: Fake Licenses Are Still Seen as Easy to Obtain - Sep 9, 2003
Despite many states' tightening of procedures for issuing driver's licenses after the Sept. 11 attacks, undercover federal investigators still found it relatively easy to obtain fake licenses by using counterfeit documents, according to a report by the General Accounting Office. (New York Times)

9/11 Families to Protest Ashcroft and Patriot Act - Sep 9, 2003
An anti-war group comprising Sept. 11 victims' families will converge on lower Manhattan today to protest Attorney General John Ashcroft and the controversial Patriot Act. The families, who sang songs of peace with Iraqi children at a Baghdad shelter shortly before U.S. troops invaded, will join the American Civil Liberties Union and others to denounce the anti-terrorism legislation. (New York Daily News)

Families Want Names on 9/11 Wall - Sep 9, 2003
The families of three retired firefighters who died at the World Trade Center want them included on the list of firefighters who died in the line of duty. The families plan a news conference tonight at Ground Zero to call on the Fire Department to inscribe the names of Capt. James Corrigan and firefighters Phillip Hayes and William Wren on the wall at the department's Brooklyn headquarters that lists firefighters who died in the line of duty. (Newsday)

Businessman Charged in 9/11 Grant Scam - Sep 9, 2003
A fraudster tried to cash in on the Sept. 11 attack by claiming $270,000 in federal grant money set aside for affected businesses - even though his company was located 205 miles from Ground Zero, the feds charge. (New York Post)

9/11 Brought Changes for New York Historical Society - Sep 9, 2003
At the New-York Historical Society, it sometimes seems like the history of New York started Sept. 11, 2001. The venerable museum has mounted a dozen exhibits on the World Trade Center disaster and has a full slate of free programs to mark Thursday's second anniversary. (New York Daily News)

Two Years Later, 9/11 Survivor Still Recovering - Sep 9, 2003
On 9/11, Lauren Manning was on her way to work as a senior executive at Cantor Fitzgerald when she was engulfed by a fireball in the lobby of 1 World Trade Center. Burned over most of her body, she was given little chance to live. She spent months in a drug-induced coma before pulling through faster than even optimists had thought possible. (New York Times)

Two Years Later: Trying to Shed the Numbness in Middletown - Sep 9, 2003
For the grieving widows, mothers and children of Middletown, it was a year of shedding the numbness, embracing the rituals of death and, for even some of the most distraught, dipping a toe into the pleasures of living. Two years after they were battered by the horrors of terrorism, the 36 families here who lost loved ones in the World Trade Center are still haunted by the final panicked phone calls or bewildered by the demands of raising children alone. (New York Times)

Two Years Later: Living at Ground Zero, and Tiring of the Neighborhood Sideshow - Sep 9, 2003
With ground zero as their front yard, the residents of 125 Cedar have developed a low tolerance for the constant procession -- tourists, construction workers, dignitaries, vendors hawking DVD's of the attacks -- that rolls by night and day. (New York Times)

Moving On After 9/11, From Park Slope to Staten Island - Sep 9, 2003
Life two years later for the family of Dave Fontana, one of 12 firefighters lost on Sept. 11 from Squad 1, the elite fire company in Park Slope, Brooklyn. (New York Times)

9/11 Still Strains New York Psyche - Sep 8, 2003
In the second year of living with the memory, the simmering disquiet persists, a lengthening shadow that won't leave. A New York Times poll of 976 adult New Yorkers, taken last week, underscores how much lasting damage 9/11 inflicted on the city's psyche. Two-thirds of the people questioned said they were very concerned about another attack in New York. (New York Times)

Downtown Grants Found to Favor Investment Firms - Sep 8, 2003
More than a third of the emergency grant money intended to help small businesses in Lower Manhattan survive after the Sept. 11 terrorist attack went to investment firms, financial traders and lawyers, a result that some New York legislators who helped secure money for the program say they never envisioned. (New York Times)

Apartments Rising In Lower Manhattan - Sep 8, 2003
Two years after the World Trade Center collapsed into ashes, lower Manhattan is being reborn. More than 2,000 apartments have been built within a few blocks of Ground Zero since Sept. 11, 2001, and an additional 17 buildings are under construction or in the planning stages - reinventing an area once predominantly filled with offices. (New York Daily News)

Flags Draped Around Liberty Island - Sep 8, 2003
Hundreds of specially designed flags were draped around Liberty Island yesterday in an emotional tribute to the victims of the Sept. 11 terror attacks. More than 600 volunteers unfurled the flags, which were created by Chinese performance artist Pop Zhao. (New York Post)

Two Years After 9/11, Security Still Has a Long Way To Go - Sep 7, 2003
As the two-year anniversary of the Sept. 11 terror attacks approaches, New York has experienced significant security breakdowns and inconsistencies. Still, this much is certain: Despite those breaches, New York's police, the FBI, and Port Authority police seem better prepared today than they were a year ago to track terrorists, share intelligence information and respond to acts of terror. (Newsday)

For Some Survivors, Ground Zero Is No Place for Private Day of Remembering - Sep 7, 2003
Two years later, the families of people who died on Sept. 11, 2001, are deciding where to mark, in the least painful way, what was probably the most painful day in their lives. Those who have chosen to stay away from the events at ground zero on Thursday plan to attend hometown ceremonies, commune with nature, spend time with family or continue traditions started last year. (New York Times)

Uncertainty Lingers Over 9/11 Air Pollution - Sep 7, 2003
The air in Lower Manhattan after Sept. 11 has swirled back into the news -- what people knew about it, when they knew it and what they said about it. The underlying issue, researchers, doctors and politicians say, remains just as unresolved today as it was back then in the chaotic, emotional days after the attacks: How do you communicate something about which no one has ever had any experience? Was there a standard of confidence about the environmental risks and unknowns that was scientifically or perhaps even morally appropriate under the circumstances? (New York Times)

New Video: A Rare View of 9/11, Overlooked - Sep 7, 2003
An unseen video tape of September 11, a kind of accidentally haunting artifact, has surfaced publicly only now, on the eve of the second anniversary of the attacks, after following the most tortuous and improbable of paths, from an insular circle of Czech-American working-class friends and drinking buddies. (New York Times)

24 Hours At Ground Zero - Sep 7, 2003
Two years after the attacks on the World Trade Center, the 16-acre site now known as Ground Zero has become a faded memory for most - it sits mostly paved over and populated by cranes and construction crews. As life rushes past, The Post watched, capturing 24 hours in the life of Ground Zero, from sunrise to sunrise (New York Post)

Neighborhood Around Ground Zero Is Fastest Growing In City - Sep 7, 2003
The area around Ground Zero has become the city's fastest growing neighborhood, but it's overpopulated and undeserved, residents charge. Following 9/11, vacancy rates in some Lower Manhattan buildings approached as 50 percent. But because of residential grants and bargain hunters flooding the market, the vacancy rate in some Lower Manhattan neighborhoods is now less than one percent - nearly a quarter less than the average for the rest of Manhattan, realtors say. (New York Post)

Companies Honor the Fallen As They Forge Ahead - Sep 7, 2003
The companies that once occupied the north and south towers and lost employees on Sept. 11, 2001, have searched for ways to remember their fallen colleagues as they strive to continue their work in new offices. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Children's Journeys of Grief - Sep 7, 2003
Two years later, psychologists caution against measuring as a group how the children who lost parents on September 11 are doing now. Perhaps the only useful generalization to make is a statistical one: there are about 3,051 children who lost a parent, according to a Newsday analysis last year, 2,172 of whom were 17 or younger that day. (Newsday)

Love, Terror and the Chance of Love Again - Sep 7, 2003
For some, it is unthinkable. The other side of the bed must remain forever empty. Children must cleave to the parent they have. Lives shall be lived alone. But there are other widows, widowers and partners of those who died in the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, who are dating again. They have found that every tentative new love is alloyed with an inconsolable regret. And every new journey of the heart traverses a minefield of expectations, emotions and financial quandaries. (New York Times)

Children Still Suffering Psychological Effects of Attacks - Sep 7, 2003
As the second anniversary of the 9/11 attacks approaches this week, some of those who are still suffering in the city are children. Many are from poor neighborhoods and attend underperforming schools. Some are from families where there is little support for the problems. And now, funding for the therapy that could address the anguish of some of those children is being discontinued. (New York Post)

Personal Tributes to 9/11 Victims - Sep 7, 2003
A grand memorial for all 2,792 who died when the twin towers were destroyed is to be built someday at the former site of the World Trade Center. But as a bitter feud brews over exactly what the memorial should be, the loved ones of the lost have quietly created personal tributes. (New York Daily News)

Profiles: People Picking Up the Pieces After 9/11 - Sep 7, 2003
A series of short profiles of people working to rebuild New York: the chief of forensic biology at New York City medical examiner's office, the head of New York City FBI office, and others. (New York Post)

Bloomberg: It's Ok For President To Skip WTC Ceremony - Sep 6, 2003
If President Bush wants to skip New York's ceremony commemorating the second anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks, that's fine with Mayor Bloomberg. Playing the good Republican, Bloomberg praised Bush for keeping politics out of next week's ceremony. (New York Daily News)

300,000 Around WTC to be Studied for 20 Years - Sep 6, 2003
Some 300,000 people who lived, worked or were near Ground Zero after Sept. 11, 2001, are being asked to join an official registry to monitor any health effects from the World Trade Center debris plume. (New York Daily News)

Rebuilding NYC September 2002


Federal Program Reimbursing For Air Filters Extended Until January - Sep 30, 2002
A program administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency that reimburses for air filters, purifiers, vacuums and air conditioners purchased by those affected by the World Trade Center attack was scheduled to end today but has been extended to the end of January. While the city's 3.2 million households are eligible to seek reimbursements for $1,600 in such expenses, just 1,744 air conditioners, 2,821 air purifiers, 1,680 vacuum cleaners and 2,128 air filters have been purchased through the program, the largest portion in Manhattan, officials said. (Newsday)

World Trade Center Cough Still Persistent Among Hundreds - Sep 30, 2002
Physicians in the city have made it clear: The malady now officially called World Trade Center cough is like nothing they've ever seen, and hundreds - perhaps thousands - of people are experiencing it. The ailment, as described recently by Dr. Kerry Kelly, the New York Fire Department's chief medical officer, is characterized by a reduced lung capacity and a hyper-reactivity of the airways to inhaled particles, bacteria and viruses. The cough is dry and nonproductive and can leave the sufferer gasping for air. The culprit appears to be not asbestos, but microscopic bits of glass. (Newsday)

Vast Detail on Towers' Collapse May Be Sealed - Sep 30, 2002
What is almost certainly the most sophisticated and complete understanding of exactly how and why the twin towers of the World Trade Center fell has been compiled as part of a largely secret proceeding in federal court in Lower Manhattan. Many fear, however, that the closely held information, which includes the analysis and the possible answers that families and engineers around the world have craved, may remain buried in sealed files, or even destroyed. Bound by confidentiality agreements with their clients, the experts cannot disclose their findings publicly as they wait for the case to play out. (New York Times)

Architects Debate Whether Or Not To Rebuild At Forum - Sep 30, 2002
At the first Columbia University Seminar on Art and Society at the New-York Historical Society, Daniel Libeskind, the architect who designed the Jewish Museum in Berlin, Leon Wieseltier, the literary editor of The New Republic, and Sherwin B. Nuland, the author of "How We Die," argued about one question concerning the rebuilding at the World Trade Center site: Should there be something rather than nothing? Or nothing rather than something? (New York Times)

Schumer And Pataki Argue Over Using Rebuilding Funds - Sep 30, 2002
A battle is shaping up between Senator Charles Schumer and Gov. George Pataki over hundreds of millions of dollars in federal funds to rebuild Lower Manhattan in the wake of the attack on the World Trade Center. Schumer is seeking to block nearly $700 million in transportation projects being considered by several agencies under the control of Pataki. Schumer said he was concerned that devoting $700 million of that aid to projects unrelated to 9/11 would shortchange the projects directly related to the attack, mainly the construction of a transit center linking the subway and PATH lines around the trade center site. (New York Times)

Fund for Terror Attack Victims Offers Awards in 14 Test Cases - Sep 30, 2002
Kenneth R. Feinberg, the special master in charge of the federal Sept. 11 Victim Compensation Fund, told 14 families last week that he had offered proposed awards ranging from $600,000 to $3.9 million after reviewing circumstances like extreme mental anguish and the intangible, hard-to-replace services provided by the family members who were killed. (New York Times)

New York's Past Environmental Problems Can Teach Us About 9/11 - Sep 29, 2002
History's lessons on pollution are worth considering when thinking about the consequences of Sept. 11 for public health and government regulation. Most of the horrors of New York's environmental past, scientists say, like the grim air episodes in 1953, 1962 and 1966, were chronic and cumulative. Sept. 11 was sharp and sudden, but for most residents at least, relatively brief. (New York Times)

Giuliani Says City Was Prepared for 9/11 - Sep 29, 2002
Rudolph Giuliani, in his first detailed account of his administration's actions on 9/11, said mistakes were made at the World Trade Center, but the city was as well-prepared as could reasonably be expected. Giuliani's remarks came in an interview timed to coincide with the release this week of his book, "Leadership," in which the Sept. 11 attack, and the aftermath, are a major topic. (New York Times)

City Razing Unstable Building Near Ground Zero - Sep 29, 2002
Officials began demolishing a two-story building near the World Trade Center disaster site in lower Manhattan late Saturday evening after cracks were found in an exterior wall and the structure was deemed unsound. The building, at 89 Greenwich St., sits on the corner of Greenwich and Rector streets. (Newsday)

Poll Finds Many New Yorkers Would Not Work In Very Tall Buildings - Sep 29, 2002
A New York Times/CBS News Poll conducted in late August found that most New Yorkers would be unwilling to work high up in a tall structure at ground zero. In the poll, 53 percent said they would be unwilling to work high up in a new building at the site. Only 39 percent were willing. Seven percent had no opinion. Asked if the new buildings should be as tall as the twin towers, only 32 percent said yes. Fifty-nine percent said no. (New York Times)

Creator of a Memorial Wall To Face Review By City Art Commission - Sep 29, 2002
A Brooklyn native spurred creation of a granite memorial wall in honor of the 115 Brooklyn-based firefighters who died on Sept. 11, but the project hit a bump when the man found he must get approval of the city Art Commission before the wall can be erected. (Newsday)

Rebuilding Officials Set For Tour of Memorials - Sep 29, 2002
As the planning for Ground Zero enters a new phase, rebuilding officials are turning greater attention to the memorial - starting with a five-day tour of permanent tributes around the country. Anita Contini, who is overseeing the memorial process for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, and relatives of two Sept. 11 victims are about to begin a whirlwind tour around the nation, meeting with officials at Shanksville, Penn., the Pentagon, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and Oklahoma City. (New York Post)

Echoes of 1993 Attack For Fire Department - Sep 29, 2002
The problems that plagued the FDNY on Sept. 11 were a replay of those the department encountered in handling the 1993 Twin Towers bombing. A report issued last month on the Fire Department's problems on Sept. 11 cited unreliable radio networks, breakdowns in communication with the NYPD and failure to follow nationally recognized emergency protocols. But another report said the same woes plagued the FDNY when it responded to the Feb. 26, 1993, trade center bombing. The report, titled "Unprecedented," was published in the FDNY's official magazine. The 1993 report said, for example, that there was poor radio communication because "the steel construction of the buildings interfered with the radio signals." (New York Post)

Downtown, a Debate Over Burying West Street - Sep 28, 2002
Local opposition has begun to build against the idea of covering West Street with a tree-lined promenade. Though few so far, a growing number of Battery Park City residents have begun to lobby against a West Street tunnel, saying they fear that a decade-long construction project will further isolate their neighborhood, rather than reconnect it to the rest of Lower Manhattan. (New York Times)

9/11 Assistance Program Is No Safety Net - Sep 28, 2002
The financial assistance program in New York State that officials described as a kind of ultimate safety net for those who lost their jobs or had their property damaged because of the World Trade Center disaster has given grants to only a small fraction of the people who applied. Indeed, officials from the Individual and Family Grant program admit they have not even reviewed more than half of the nearly 73,000 requests for aid that they received in recent months. (New York Times)

Transportation Officials Discuss Plans for Downtown Transit - Sep 28, 2002
A Metropolitan Transportation Authority official said Friday that the agency is considering plans for improvements to several downtown subway stations, including a "Rector connector" that would link two train lines. The projects are under discussion as planners weigh options for large-scale changes to the intricate transportation network in lower Manhattan, which was heavily damaged in the attack on the World Trade Center. (Associated Press)

Putting A Rush On World Trade Center Designs - Sep 28, 2002
Six teams of architects have until late November to come up with new designs for Ground Zero - and some of the builders say that's not enough time. "This is not the kind of project one would want to see rushed," said Jesse Reiser, an architect with Reiser & Umemoto in Manhattan, a member of one of the teams. "There should have been more time.""It can't be as complex as it should be in that time frame," said architect Charles Gwathmey, the designer of Morgan Stanley's Times Square headquarters and a member of one of the selected teams. (New York Daily News)

Design Teams Are Selected for New Plans for 9/11 Site - Sep 27, 2002
Six teams of architects, artists and designers, including individuals and firms that have created some of the most renowned buildings and public works of the last quarter-century, were chosen yesterday by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to create new designs for the World Trade Center site. (New York Times)

Details on the Finalists for Trade Center Site - Sep 27, 2002
A list of the six teams selected by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, with excerpts from their application. (Newsday)

Killed on 9/11, Fire Chaplain Becomes Larger Than Life - Sep 27, 2002
The Rev. Mychal F. Judge, the sandal-shod fire chaplain with friends across New York, died at the World Trade Center 54 weeks ago, and has since become the center of a fervent following. But while some admirers of Judge are promoting him for canonization, his story is not as simple as the glorification of a good man who died bravely. (New York Times)

Trade Center Leaseholder Asks for Delay in Insurance Case - Sep 27, 2002
The trial over the multibillion-dollar insurance claims at the World Trade Center is likely to be delayed until at least next spring, so that the complex's leaseholder, Larry A. Silverstein, can file an appeal of a recent ruling involving 3 of the 22 insurance companies involved in the case. (New York Times)

Firefighter Committs Suicide in Front of 9/11 Shrine - Sep 27, 2002
A veteran firefighter assigned to one of 9/11's hardest-hit FDNY units shot and killed himself yesterday in front of a makeshift shrine he built to friends and colleagues lost in the terror attack, sources said. (New York Post)

A Cyberspace Rebuilding Debate Moves to Battery Park - Sep 26, 2002
A group who took part in an online discussion about rebuilding lower Manhattan, organized by the Civic Alliance to Rebuild Downtown New York as part of its Listening to the City initiative, stayed in touch by e-mail after their two-week discussion ended in early August. They were known to one another only by online aliases and argument until they met in Battery Park City last month. (New York Times)

Judge Rules for 3 Insurers on Coverage of Twin Towers - Sep 26, 2002
Larry Silverstein's $7 billion claim that the World Trade Center suffered two separate terrorist attacks was dealt a setback yesterday when a federal judge ruled that 3 of 20 insurers owed him insurance payments for only a single attack. (New York Times)

Judge John S. Martin Jr.'s Latest Opinion in Swiss Re v. WTC. - Sep 26, 2002
Full text of the court document. (Newsday)

City Asks Feds to Allow Police to Monitor Political Groups - Sep 26, 2002
The city asked a federal court yesterday to boost the NYPD's power to keep tabs on political groups -- saying this would give police another tool to help prevent terror. But the New York City Civil Liberties Union vowed to fight the bid. (New York Daily News)

Sunflower 9/11 Tribute - Sep 26, 2002
Artist Xavier Roux chose sunflowers as his medium for a tribute to the World Trade Center because they grow fast, and to towering heights. In early summer, Roux planted 4,000 of them, from ground zero to Chelsea, in the shape of the twin towers. The flowers outline two huge rectangles roughly four times the size of the original towers. Only a few sunflowers survived -- about 150, he estimates. (New York Times)

The Technology Behind the Winter Garden Rebuild - Sep 26, 2002
During the yearlong, $50 million reconstruction of the Winter Garden dome, all of its audio and lighting circuits have been reinvented. Thousands of daily visitors to the Winter Garden will be unaware of the cutting-edge semiconductors, servers, digital links and custom network engineering behind the atrium's new $1.8 million digital sound and lighting system. (New York Times)

Little Health Risk to Residents from 9/11, Panel Says - Sep 25, 2002
Most downtown residents are at minimal risk for health problems from World Trade Center contamination, a panel of experts said last week. Scientists told about 100 participants at a forum Thursday at the Borough of Manhattan Community College that workers at ground zero were the most likely to suffer consequences from the toxic particles that were spewed into the air after the disaster. (Downtown Express)

Few of Those Eligible Register for Cleanup Help Near 9/11 Site - Sep 25, 2002
With just a week left to sign up, only about a quarter of the New York City residents eligible to have their apartments tested and cleaned to remove leftover World Trade Center dust have registered, federal environmental officials said today. Many people still do not know that the offer even exists. (New York Times)

Downtowners Request More Time For Cleanup - Sep 25, 2002
People worried that their lower Manhattan homes are contaminated by dust from the destruction of the twin towers pleaded with the feds yesterday for more time to apply for a cleanup program. Federal Environmental Protection Agency chief Christie Whitman told Sen. Hillary Clinton she may be willing to push back the Oct. 3 deadline -- it has already been extended once -- but said the city has not made a formal request. (New York Daily News)

EPA: Toxins Near WTC Low, But Emissions Persist - Sep 25, 2002
The amounts of toxins in cleaned apartments and offices near the World Trade Center site are low and well within public health guidelines, according to a study released yesterday by the American Lung Association of New York City. But the study confirmed the fears of local residents that the concentration of diesel emissions from construction trucks and backup generators in lower Manhattan is "quite high. (Newsday)

Goodyear: I Turned My Cab Driver in to the FBI - Sep 25, 2002
Last July, Sarah Goodyear argued politics with a livery driver who said a friend heard something about Osama, something about the city being in danger. On September 13, 2001, she reported him to the FBI. Now, a year later, she finds out how he feels about it. (Village Voice)

Queens Art Center Removes Controversial 9/11 Art - Sep 25, 2002
A Queens art center has removed a controversial window display that depicted people falling from the World Trade Center. Eleven white silhouettes had been placed on the three floors of the Jamaica Center for Arts and Learning on Sept. 10 - and met with immediate criticism. (New York Daily News)

Federal Government Taxing WTC Grants - Sep 25, 2002
Cash-strapped businesses trying to hang on in lower Manhattan expect to take another financial hit - this time from the IRS. Every penny of the $772 million in federal grants being given to struggling small businesses near Ground Zero is taxable. (New York Daily News)

Examiner Proposes DNA Screen to Separate 9/11 Hijackers Remains from Memorial - Sep 25, 2002
The Medical Examiner's Office wants to extract DNA samples from the possessions of the Sept. 11 hijackers - so the remains of the terrorists can be identified and separated from their victims. Medical Examiner Charles Hirsch asked the FBI to provide the terrorists' belongings at the request of victims' relatives, who want the killers' remains removed before unidentified and unclaimed remains are interred in a future memorial at Ground Zero. (New York Post)

9/11 Scholarship Seeks Applicants - Sep 25, 2002
A graduate memorial scholarship at the University of Glasgow -- open to the children of those who perished on September 11 -- has yet to find an applicant. Most of the 3,025 people who died in the attacks were too young, clustered largely between the ages of 30 and 40, to have children old enough for such an advanced degree. (New York Times)

Office Space Should Be Rebuilt Off The Footprints, Silverstein Says - Sep 24, 2002
Larry Silverstein, the real-estate developer who holds the lease to develop on the World Trade Center site, wrote in a Wall Street Journal opinion piece yesterday that all the commercial space destroyed in the September 11 attacks must be rebuilt over the next decade for the "good of the city and the region." "If we do not replace the lost space," wrote Silverstein, "lower Manhattan never will regain the vibrancy it had as the world's financial center." (Wall Street Journal)

Ideas To Be Explored For Housing and Retail Revitalization Downtown - Sep 24, 2002
The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation and the city Department of Planning are teaming up to study ways to build more housing in lower Manhattan and make Fulton St. a prime retail and entertainment center, officials said yesterday. The housing study will examine the market south of Houston St. Officials will emphasize the need to build more housing along the Fulton St. and John St. corridors, as well as south of Liberty St. The Fulton St. study will look at the shops, arts and entertainment offerings currently along the strip and offer ways to lure more tenants to the street, which will be extended through the disaster site. (Newsday)

Big-Name Lawyers To Assist Federal Victims Compensation Fund - Sep 24, 2002
Kenneth R. Feinberg, the special master in charge of administering the federal September 11 Victims Compensation Fund, has invited 41 retired judges, lawyers and professors to join a new legal system that will mediate objections raised by the families and help determine how much each victim's family should receive. Among those assisting are William H. Webster, the former director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, the former attorney general, and Arthur R. Miller, the Harvard law professor. (New York Times)

Construction Could Begin Soon On Battery Park City Ferry Terminal - Sep 24, 2002
Construction on a new, state-of-the-art ferry terminal at Battery Park City is expected to begin by the end of the year, the Port Authority announced yesterday. The terminal, scheduled to open in June 2004, will replace a temporary dock and two slips that currently handle 13,500 people traveling between lower Manhattan and Hoboken and Jersey City each day. (New York Post)

Housing Could Boom Downtown, Report Says - Sep 24, 2002
Lower Manhattan could gain up to 8,000 new apartment units over the next 10 years, substantially increasing the size of its residential neighborhoods, according to a new development study by the independent Citizens Housing and Planning Council. Focusing on the area below Chambers Street, the report says 4,000 to 8,000 new apartments could be added through conversion of older office buildings and new construction - a substantial increase over the 12,500 units there now. (New York Post)

Development Corporation Faces Likely Changes - Sep 23, 2002
Sources told The Post that the city-state Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, in charge of rebuilding the World Trade Center site, will face major changes after the election - whether Gov. George Pataki or Carl McCall win the governors race. (New York Post)

Marble Tributes to 9/11 Have No Permanent Home - Sep 22, 2002
Highland, New Jersey's Memoria Project, as it is called, has become a powerful evocation of the 9/11 tragedy. It draws local families in mourning and tourists from far away who have heard about the mammoth white columns with their haunting figures of a man and a woman half-encased in stone. But while it has become an instant icon here, the Memoria Project is essentially homeless. (New York Times)

N.Y.U., Fearful of Publicity, Cancels Class on Ground Zero - Sep 22, 2002
New York University course that was to have focused on the intersection of politics, finance, design and culture in the rebuilding of Lower Manhattan has been canceled because of concerns about the potential political fallout from the course. (New York Times)

Ground Zero Businesses Miss 9/11 Loans - Sep 22, 2002
Across the country, thousands of companies that offer pricey pleasures to the affluent have been larded with millions in taxpayer-subsidized loans because of 9/11-related economic woes. Unfortunately, the battered businesses in and around Ground Zero did not fare quite as well, according to a Daily News analysis. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Contractors Near Agreement on Insurance - Sep 21, 2002
The construction companies that excavated the debris from ground zero were near agreement with the city yesterday on a deal to use federal emergency money to buy $1 billion in insurance, which the companies would use to defend themselves against any lawsuits from residents, property owners and workers connected with the cleanup. (New York Times)

White House, in Shift, Backs Inquiry on 9/11 - Sep 21, 2002
The White House gave in today to growing Congressional demands for an independent investigation of last year's terrorist attacks, setting the stage for a comprehensive inquiry into the failures and vulnerabilities that made the hijackings possible. (New York Times)

WTC Architect Hire Sparks Controversy - Sep 20, 2002
The Port Authority announced yesterday that it had hired another architecture firm to help redevelop the World Trade Center, sparking confusion among some observers as to which firm will lead the rebuilding effort. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey said it has hired Ehrenkrantz Eckstut & Kuhn Architects to do in-house transportation planning and coordination of the various stages of development. (Newsday)

PATH Station At Trade Center Making Progress - Sep 20, 2002
The temporary PATH station at the World Trade Center site will be completely enclosed by November of this year, with a scheduled completion date of December 2003, Port Authority chief engineer Frank Lombardi told the agency's commissioners at yesterday's board meeting. (Newsday)

Experts Pan Port Authority's Transit Hub Plans - Sep 20, 2002
Architects and urban planners yesterday panned the Port Authority's design ideas for a Ground Zero transit hub, saying they are uninspiring. (New York Post)

9/11 Park to be Built Near Medical Examiner's Office - Sep 20, 2002
City officials are looking at converting the parking lot behind the medical examiner's office - where the remains of hundreds of 9/11's unidentified victims are kept - into a park. (New York Post)

Security Cited in Proposals on Lawsuits From Sept. 11 - Sep 20, 2002
Transportation safety officials are proposing tight new procedures to limit the possibility that sensitive airport security information will become public, and exploited by terrorists, in lawsuits stemming from the Sept. 11 attacks. (New York Times)

Fire Unions Call for Inquiry on Radio Failures - Sep 20, 2002
The leaders of New York City's fire unions yesterday called for an independent investigation into the widespread communication problems that plagued firefighters during the World Trade Center disaster, saying that they had lost confidence in the city's review. (New York Times)

9/11 Brought Hardship for Artists - Sep 19, 2002
A recent survey by a downtown arts group found that over 80 percent of New York City artists are making less from their work after 9/11, and that 10 percent are facing eviction. (Downtown Express)

Top Architects Competing for WTC Designs - Sep 19, 2002
A long list of celebrated architects - including Richard Meier of New York, Santiago Calatrava of Spain and Daniel Libeskind of Germany - are competing for the prestigious job of rethinking the World Trade Center site. (New York Daily News)

After Complaints, Rockefeller Center Drapes Sept. 11 Statue - Sep 19, 2002
A bronze statue in Rockefeller Center, meant to commemorate those who jumped or fell to their deaths from the World Trade Center, was abruptly draped in cloth and surrounded by a curtain wall yesterday. The statue, Eric Fischl's "Tumbling Woman," depicts a naked woman with her arms and legs flailing above her head, as if in a backward somersault. It had drawn some complaints since it went on view in the complex's lower concourse about a week ago. (Associated Press)

Council Wants Liberty Bonds to Build More Homes for Poor - Sep 19, 2002
More than half of any new apartments built with the special financing created by Congress in response to the terrorist attack on Sept. 11 should be offered at below-market rents for low- and moderate-income families, City Council leaders said yesterday. (New York Times)

Transit Links Called Vital to a Revival of Downtown - Sep 19, 2002
The rebuilding of Lower Manhattan requires making direct transit links to Kennedy and Newark airports, burying West Street and erecting a major transportation center, a group of business and real estate officials say in a paper that is to be released today. (New York Times)

Sept. 11 Pigeon Tribute Goes Awry - Sep 19, 2002
Jersey City officials released 80 white pigeons last week during a Sept. 11 anniversary ceremony, but instead of flying skyward, some of the confused pigeons clipped people at the event - and at least one plunged into the Hudson River. Since the memorial service, the pigeons have been seen slamming into the windows of nearby office towers. The reason: Jersey City officials apparently wanted to save a few hundred bucks and bought their birds from a Newark poultry shop instead of getting pricier homing pigeons - which are trained to fly back to their handlers. (New York Daily News)

No Quick Fix for Radios, New York Fire Dept. Says - Sep 18, 2002
New York City's fire commissioner said it could take years before all the equipment needed for reliable communications inside the city's tallest buildings is put in place. Because the Fire Department's response to the attack on the World Trade Center was plagued with communications problems, the commissioner, Nicholas Scoppetta, said that he had made improved communications one of his most urgent priorities since he took office in January. But new radios by themselves would not solve the problems. (New York Times)

300 Firms Competing to Help Remake Downtown - Sep 18, 2002
More than 300 architecture and planning firms, including those of the notable architects Philip Johnson and Robert A. M. Stern, have answered the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation's call for more innovative concepts for the World Trade Center site, rebuilding officials said yesterday. (New York Times)

Plans for Transit Hub - Sep 18, 2002
Preliminary computer images of a plan for a dramatic transit hub at Ground Zero show a wavy atrium roof and views looking out onto a future trade-center memorial and the Winter Garden. (New York Post)

Study Says Lower Manhattan Urgently Needs to Draw More Firms - Sep 18, 2002
Officials in charge of rebuilding must draw as many as four major corporations to lower Manhattan - and stop other companies from fleeing - if the city is to recover from the economic losses related to the Sept. 11 terror attacks, according to a new report. (New York Post)

House Backs Federal Panel to Study Building Disasters - Sep 18, 2002
The House gave final Congressional approval to a bill that would create a federal panel to investigate building disasters. (New York Times)

WTC Panel to Tour Memorials - Sep 18, 2002
Redevelopment officials will visit more than a dozen memorials around the world before selecting the design for a permanent tribute to the 2,801 victims of the World Trade Center attacks, officials said yesterday. (New York Daily News)

Winter Garden Reopens - Sep 18, 2002
The doors of the Winter Garden opened to the public on Tuesday for the first time in 371 days. For many, it was like coming home. (New York Times)

Stock Exchange Commemorates Reopening - Sep 18, 2002
With bowed heads and silent prayers, the stock exchange came to a standstill this morning to mark the anniversary of its reopening after last yearÕs terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. (Newsday)

A Minister's Path to Ground Zero - Sep 18, 2002
For the Rev. Bill Minson, ground zero is his calling. For a year, Mr. Minson, 52, a stocky minister who wears a clerical collar but who never went to a seminary and who was ordained in an independent church set up to provide spiritual direction, including astrology and numerology readings, has haunted the site. (New York Times)

1 and 9 Back in Service - Sep 16, 2002
Lower Manhattan notches a major milestone on the long journey back to normalcy today when workday commuters return to the fully restored 1 and 9 subway lines as well as a newly reopened Cortlandt Street station on the N and R. (Newsday)

Shrinking Financial District Will Affect Plans For Lower Manhattan - Sep 16, 2002
One year after the attack on the World Trade Center, New York City's financial district is still shrinking, raising serious questions about plans for rebuilding Lower Manhattan. In decades past, the district has bounced back from recessions and catastrophic fires. But current trends militate against future growth in financial services downtown, or even in New York City, according to a range of people who have knowledge of the district. (New York Times)

Plans to Raze Fulton St. Block for Transit Hub - Sep 16, 2002
Transit officials want to demolish a block of buildings on lower Broadway and replace them with a glass-enclosed, atrium-style terminal, as part of the project to reconfigure the Fulton Street subway station. Planners for the Metropolitan Transit Authority want to use the power of eminent domain to condemn and demolish all five buildings on the east side of Broadway between Fulton and John streets, officials said. (New York Post)

Concerns With City Response to 9/11 - Sep 16, 2002
A year after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, the city has not yet offered legislation to address building code and emergency response issues, and most of the proposals to increase cooperation among emergency agencies remain on the drawing board. (Newsday)

After Buffalo Arrests, Arab Americans Prepare for Backlash - Sep 16, 2002
Ever since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Arab-Americans and Muslims have complained of harassment and discrimination, from a backlash immediately after the attacks to a more recent official crackdown on visas and firings. According to one recent poll conducted by the Council on American-Islamic Relations, 57 percent of 945 American Muslims surveyed said they've experienced bias or discrimination since Sept. 11, while 87 percent said they knew a Muslim who had. (Newsday)

Ground Zero Panels Open for Public Viewing - Sep 16, 2002
For the first time since their unveiling for the victims' families last week, six wooden panels inscribed with the names of all 2,801 people killed at Ground Zero were open for public viewing at the edge of the World Trade Center site yesterday. (Newsday)

9/11 Families Raise Funds for Others - Sep 16, 2002
The Coalition of 9/11 Families has started a scholarship program for needy youngsters around the country who are victims of crime or future terrorism. It will sponsor a star-studded figure skating event at Madison Square Garden on Friday evening to kick off the fund-raising effort. (New York Daily News)

Downtown Real Estate Market Has More than Recovered - Sep 15, 2002
The New York City real estate market has come a long way since its nadir last year, after the Sept. 11 attacks devastated the entire downtown area. Prices on residential properties in desirable Manhattan neighborhoods like Tribeca, north of the World Trade Center site, have nearly erased their dramatic Sept. 11-related losses and are up 10 to 20 percent this year, according to local realtors and appraisers. (New York Times)

F.B.I. Makes Sixth Arrest in Buffalo Inquiry - Sep 15, 2002
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has arrested a sixth man of Yemeni descent, family and friends said in Buffalo, NY tonight, in addition to the five young American citizens charged Saturday with providing "material support" for Qaeda terrorists. (New York Times)

Port Authority Still Planning to Build New West Village PATH Exitx - Sep 15, 2002
Reversing an earlier stance on building new PATH-train exits in the West Village, the Port Authority still hopes to get $29 million in federal 9/11 relief funds to pay for the project, The Post has learned. (New York Post)

False Terror Alert - Sep 15, 2002
Passersby alerted the police and caused authorities to rope off a section of Battery Park, delay some 9/11 memorial events and bring the 4, 5 and 6 trains to a halt after seeing a Sikh Transit Authority worker climbing out of a subway maintenance hatch yesterday. The worker was just doing his job. (New York Post)

Connecticut Diner Raises WTC Funds - Sep 15, 2002
Like many others, Joe Ravalese and Jim Chamberland wanted to do something for the families of New York City's uniformed officers who perished Sept. 11. At their 110-seat Country Diner in Enfield, Conn., 135 miles from New York, they have shown that no gesture - from $9.11 pasta dinners to a $9.11 memorial pin - is too small. Ravalese and Chamberland ended up raking in $10,000 for their NYC 9/11 Fund. (New York Daily News)

U.S. Charges Five Men in Buffalo With Awaiting an Order for Terror Strike - Sep 14, 2002
Five Arab-American men charged today with operating an active cell of Al Qaeda in western New York had received intensive weapons training in Afghanistan in the summer of 2001 and been sent back to the United States to await the order for an attack, federal law enforcement officials said today (New York Times)

Architect and Former Politician Join Group Selecting Planning Firms For Rebuilding Downtown - Sep 13, 2002
A former congressman and the head of the Harvard Department of Architecture have been tapped to help redevelopment officials choose five new planning teams for Ground Zero. Toshiko Mori, a Manhattan architect and Harvard scholar, and Richard Swett, an architect who served two terms as a congressman from New Hampshire and was ambassador to Denmark, will be part of a seven-member review committee to begin work next week. (New York Post)

First Lady Laura Bush Addresses Bronx High School - Sep 13, 2002
The World Trade Center attack was one of the "days of infamy" that seem to mark every generation, like the bombing of Pearl Harbor or the assassination of President John Kennedy, First Lady Laura Bush told Bronx high schoolers yesterday. Bush told girls at St. Thomas Aquinas High School she was sitting in class Nov. 22, 1963, when she heard the country's youngest President had been murdered. "I honestly didn't think that the First Lady of the United States would come to the Bronx," said Crump, a sophomore. "But she came and she was so cool, so normal. It didn't even feel like she was the President's wife." (New York Daily News)

Politicians Discuss Moving Primary Date Away From September 11 - Sep 13, 2002
The intricacy of campaigning on the cusp of Sept. 11 has the state's top Democrats and Republicans giving new consideration to an old notion: moving New York's primary elections from September to the spring. Sheldon Silver, the speaker of the Assembly, said he would propose legislation to change the primary to June, and Joseph L. Bruno, the majority leader of the Senate, said he would study the idea.\ (New York Times)

Rebuild on a Human Scale, Says Historian - Sep 12, 2002
A new dynamic is taking hold in lower Manhattan. Good-government groups that have long called for the diversification of the downtown economy, as well as the development of affordable housing and a more diverse retail environment for the people who live there, find that their voices are being heardÑand heeded. (New York Observer)

9/11/02: A Day of Tributes, Tears, and the Litany of the Lost - Sep 12, 2002
With moments of silence and recitations of familiar speeches, with the tolling of bells and the lighting of candles, with peaceful music and vows of military retribution, the United States observed the anniversary of Sept. 11, 2001, joined by countries around the world that honored the date in their own, distant ways. (New York Times)

City Streets Become Places to Remember - Sep 12, 2002
The streets surrounding the World Trade Center site became places of remembrance yesterday, as people from around the country descended upon lower Manhattan to remember lost friends and pay their respects. (Newsday)

Family Members Collect Mementos at Ground Zero - Sep 12, 2002
Hundreds of family members brought away small mementos of Ground Zero yesterday, the first time many of them had been able to visit and touch the hallowed earth of the World Trade Center site. (New York Post)

Survivor Eager to Remove Name From List - Sep 12, 2002
Nickola Lampley said she was stunned to see her name flashed on television during the roll call of 2,801 dead and missing read at yesterday's World Trade Center remembrance. (New York Post)

Lamenting Death, and Vulnerability - Sep 12, 2002
America mourned yesterday, not only for those lost a year ago but for a loss of national certainty, too. From Times Square to the little town of West Branch, Iowa, the people of the most powerful nation on earth paused to salve their still raw wounds and come to terms with a vulnerability they had not felt before a year ago. (New York Times)

For the Families, a Long Year's Journey Into Grief, and Back Again - Sep 12, 2002
For Jan Hoffman, a reporter who, starting in late September and concluding this week, interviewed hundreds of friends and relatives of 9/11 victims for Portraits of Grief, the New York Times' series of biographical sketches of the victims, broad shifts in the grieving seemed to emerge. (New York Times)

In New York on 9/11/02, a Void in the Air - Sep 12, 2002
A year later, New Yorkers were back on their trains, and back to the blank faces, the ones veiled by newspapers, the chador of the subways. The headlines called out the day, its commemorations, the public solemnities. But then and now, hardly anyone in New York is navigated by official declarations. (New York Times)

New York Moments on 9/11/02 - Sep 12, 2002
Stories of how New Yorkers spent the anniversary, from places like a firehouse in Harlem, Ground Zero, Newark airport. (New York Times)

Echoes of 9/11 at Film Festival - Sep 12, 2002
Day six of this year's Toronto International Film Festival was set aside to observe the one-year anniversary of the terrorist attacks on the United States. Two films that seem to encompass the full range of emotion toward those attacks and their lingering aftermath were given gala screenings by the festival. (Newsday)

Theatrical Tributes on Anniversary - Sep 12, 2002
On Sept. 13, 2001, Broadway united in a show of resilience by taking to the stage in the aftermath of catastrophe. Yesterday, the theatrical community found many ways to mark the anniversary. Candles were lit at 6:30 in the evening during a vigil in Duffy Square. Marquees all around were dimmed 90 minutes later. (New York Daily News)

Wall Street Pauses in Remembrance - Sep 12, 2002
Michael Pascuma, the oldest living active floor broker in the nation, who lost his son and namesake on Sept. 11, rang the American Stock Exchange opening bell yesterday. (New York Post)

Victims' Families Make Trip to Ground Zero - Sep 12, 2002
For some families of Sept. 11 victims, the one-year anniversary was a milestone that had to be stepped over, not a moment to be embraced. (New York Daily News)

On The Anniversary, On Top of the Empire State Building - Sep 12, 2002
The Empire State Building became the tallest in town a year ago. The observation deck was closed that day. For a few dozen visitors this morning, it feels respectful, patriotic, even a bit brave. (New York Times)

Quiet Day in Belle Harbor - Sep 12, 2002
In Belle Harbor, a small-town slice of New York City that is miles -- and worlds -- apart from ground zero, businesses in the neighborhood are shuttered, and throughout the windy streets the many American flags on the lawns and porches fly at half-staff. (New York Times)

The World Remembers Sept. 11 Attacks - Sep 11, 2002
From an isolated research facility at the South Pole to the trading floor of the Tokyo Stock Exchange, the world on Wednesday remembered the terrorist attacks one year ago that, along with killing thousands of Americans, left hundreds of foreigners dead. As New York slept, the day began on the other side of the globe with a tree-planting ceremony in New Zealand. (Associated Press)

September 11 and Mental Health: The Profession Tests Its Limits - Sep 11, 2002
In the midst of the crisis following the September 11 attacks, the city's abundance of mental health professionals turned out to be a mixed blessing. There was no shortage of help, but few practitioners were trained in disaster response. City officials and agencies like the Red Cross had little control over therapists who wandered into firehouses, made their way to ground zero or stopped people on the street to offer counseling. Also, for the first few days no mechanism was in place to allow researchers to collect data that could teach crucial lessons about why some people are resilient while others are not, and which treatments are effective for whom. (New York Times)

Many Aspects of the Disaster Remain Unexamined - Sep 11, 2002
One year later, the public knows less about the circumstances of 2,801 deaths at the foot of Manhattan in broad daylight than people in 1912 knew within weeks about the Titanic, which sank in the middle of an ocean in the dead of night. (New York Times)

Families of Victims Develop Political Clout and Savvy - Sep 11, 2002
Because their loved ones were slain in a televised act of war, the private politics of the families of the World Trade Center have become our local and national politics, and their pain a part of our public debate. One year later, family members are fiercer, savvier, and better organized than they ever were before and show absolutely no hint of going away. (New York Magazine)

New York Magazine: 9/11/02 One Year Later - Sep 11, 2002
New York Magazine runs profiles of four widows, plans for a rebuilt site by 7 architects, a look at why former Mayor Rudy Giuliani "can't let go,' and a look at the statistics of September 11. (New York Magazine)

Dozens of Suits Filed Against Port Authority for Attacks - Sep 11, 2002
About 1,000 families and victims of the Sept. 11 attacks beat a deadline yesterday to sue the Port Authority for hundreds of millions of dollars, blaming the owner of the World Trade Center for dangerous design faults and safety failures. (New York Post)

Marchers Begin Profound Anniversary - Sep 11, 2002
Bagpipers and drummers marched through an early morning mist from each of the boroughs toward Ground Zero, beginning the cityÕs commemoration of its darkest day. (Newsday)

Some Relatives To Avoid Ground Zero - Sep 11, 2002
Whether itÕs because the site brings on unbearable pain, or because they are simply too weary from a full year of scripted mass memorials, several relatives of cops, firefighters or World Trade Center workers made the difficult decision to skip the main event. (Newsday)

One Year Later: 25 New Yorkers On The Attack's Impact - Sep 11, 2002
Newsday's online coverage today includes a multimedia slideshow of 25 New Yorkers, each describing how the terrorist attacks one year ago have affected their lives. (Newsday)

New York Post: 9/11 One Year Later - Sep 11, 2002
The New York Post's anniversary coverage includes a profile of children whose parents died in the attacks a year ago today, and a sampling from the paper's morning September 11, 2001 edition, with its coverage of the mayoral primary race and fashion week. (New York Post)

One Year Later, Still New York, in Pain and Glory - Sep 11, 2002
One year after it faced its own mortality, New York, in its daily curiosities and unexpungeable flavor, is still New York. For some time, no one knew if that could happen. New York has not disconnected from itself and devolved into a trembling mass of paralysis. It has not been unmade but remade. Its sense of control and invulnerability is gone, but New York has become a city of regeneration. (New York Times)

Poll: For Many New Yorkers, Life Did Not Change on 9/11/01 - Sep 11, 2002
One year after the attack on the World Trade Center, nearly half of all New York City residents say the event has not changed their lives. In a New York Times/CBS News poll, conducted by telephone from Aug. 25 to 29, 48 percent of the people questioned said their lives had not changed as a result of Sept. 11. (New York Times)

Many Commemorations of Attack Anniversary Going Ahead - Sep 11, 2002
Even as new intelligence information and threats of terrorism reminiscent of ones detected a year earlier prompted the Bush administration yesterday to put the country on high alert, Americans are going ahead with plans for memorial services, bagpipe processions, peace vigils, prayer services, tree plantings and commemorations of every imaginable sort to mark the anniversary of 9/11. (New York Times)

New York Times: A Nation Challenged 9/11/02 - Sep 11, 2002
The New York Times' special section for September 11, 2002 has an article about New York, still the same in all its "pain and glory," an interview with Mayor Bloomberg, a story about how last year's attacks affected the Arab-American community in Michigan, and a series of 11 individual profiles of people like Lauren Manning, who was injured in the World Trade Center attacks and spent three months in a coma, and Jan Demczur, who used a squeegee to escape from an elevator in the North Tower. (New York Times)

Security Increased Throughout City For Anniversary - Sep 11, 2002
Extra cops and National Guard troops fanned out across the city and state yesterday to allay fears of a copycat attack spoiling today's somber ceremonies. Governor George Pataki and Mayor Michael Bloomberg insisted that no specific terrorist threats were being aimed at New York, and that the city has been on high alert since last Sept. 11. Pataki deployed extra National Guard troops and State Police at Canadian border crossings, airports, watersheds, state health laboratories, the Capitol in Albany and bridges and tunnels leading into the city. Trucks will be subject to checks at bridges and tunnels and other vehicles will be randomly selected for inspections. The subway system will also get extra protection. (New York Daily News)

Students To Discuss Feelings, Fears on Anniversary - Sep 11, 2002
In high school classrooms across the city today, students will discuss how the world and their lives have changed since the attacks on the World Trade Center. While initially the Board of Education recommended only a moment of silence at 8:46 AM, the time the first plane struck the World Trade Center, officials later supplied teachers with lesson plans and guides from mental health experts. (New York Daily News)

More Than Half of Victims Identified - Sep 11, 2002
The medical examiner's office passed the halfway mark in identifying the World Trade Center dead yesterday, as the number of victims verified by remains reached 1,401. The bleak but encouraging milestone came a day before the one-year anniversary of the disaster that killed 2,801 and generated the largest and most prolonged forensics effort in U.S. history. (New York Daily News)

New Yorkers Cope With The Aftermath - Sep 10, 2002
Australian paper the Sydney Morning Herald interviewed seven different people about their reactions and responses to September 11: two victims' relatives; a woman photographed during the attacks who is now unemployed; a firefighter; a survivor of the attacks; an ambulance driver; and a window cleaner who was trapped in an elevator during the attacks. (Sydney Morning Herald)

Memorials Give Jerseyans Places to Grieve - Sep 10, 2002
Around New Jersey, 9/11 remembrances and memorials -- some as simple as a few plantings or a plaque, others elaborate works commissioned from renowned artists -- have been established, are being built or are in the planning stages. May sites were chosen because they will be natural gathering places for people. Other sites have evolved more organically, almost choosing themselves, like the site in Essex County, where a memorial is being built at Eagle Rock Preserve in West Orange. (Star Ledger)

Greenwich Volunteers Made a Difference at Ground Zero - Sep 10, 2002
While hundreds of Greenwich residents gave their money, time and sympathy in response to the terrorist attacks, a number assisted in the rescue, recovery and cleanup efforts. Some volunteered independently while others worked through local charities and religious organizations. For a few, relief work was part of their job. (Greenwich Time)

FBI Declares Alert On 9/11 Anniversary - Sep 10, 2002
The FBI has issued a new alert that the city could be targeted by terrorists on the anniversary of Sept. 11.The warning came as the NYPD mobilized thousands of cops to keep the city safe during during ceremonies at Ground Zero and in every borough.\ (New York Daily News)

City Seeks Names of Students Struggling After 9/11 - Sep 10, 2002
Six months after Sept. 11, an anonymous survey of more than 8,000 New York City schoolchildren found that one in 10 was experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder and 26 percent had at least one of seven other mental health disorders, including anxiety, depression and substance abuse. Now, city officials want to know who these children are. (Newsday)

Maspeth Fire Squad Rebuilds - Sep 10, 2002
Newsday profiles Maspeth's Hazardous Materials Company No. 1 and Squad 288, who lost 19 men on September 11. (Newsday)

City Defends 9/11 Speech Plans - Sep 10, 2002
As officials rushed to make final preparations for tomorrow's Sept. 11 observances, Mayor Michael Bloomberg yesterday defended the decision not to include any original speeches in the day's program, suggesting a desire not to upstage President George W. Bush's national address. (Newsday)

The New Yorker: One Year Later - Sep 10, 2002
The New Yorker's anniversary coverage includes a history of the World Trade Center site, reflective talk of the town pieces by three widows, and three poems that respond in different ways to September 11 2001. (New Yorker)

Lung Ailments May Force 500 Firefighters Off Job - Sep 10, 2002
As many as 500 New York City firefighters may have to retire early as a result of breathing problems caused by smoke and fumes at the World Trade Center. (New York Times)

Cantor Fitzgerald Seeks to Relocate to Union Square - Sep 10, 2002
Cantor Fitzgerald, the bond broker that lost 658 employees on Sept. 11, is negotiating to build a $100 million headquarters in Union Square. (New York Times)

Tower at Financial Center Changes Hands for a Song - Sep 10, 2002
A major downtown skyscraper is changing hands for a surprisingly low price, in what may be the latest indication of how steeply property values have dropped in Lower Manhattan in the last year. (New York Times)

Liberty Bonds to Finance New Brooklyn Offices - Sep 10, 2002
A new Brooklyn office tower to be built by Forest City Ratner Companies and occupied by the Bank of New York will be the first commercial construction project to be financed by Liberty Bonds, which were approved by Congress in response to the Sept. 11 attacks, city and state officials said yesterday. (New York Times)

Police Remember Fallen Officers in Quiet Ceremony - Sep 10, 2002
Relatives of the 23 officers killed in the attack on the World Trade Center, and those of two others who died in the line of duty in 2000, gathered yesterday for an unveiling of the 25 names etched on a memorial wall two blocks from ground zero. (New York Times)

Cantor Fitzgerald: From Devastation to Determination - Sep 10, 2002
A year after 658 employees died in the attacks, Cantor Fitzgerald is emphatically still here Ă‘ on track to earn just under $100 million in the year that began last Oct. 1, a dominant player in the bond markets once again, with solid backing from its banks, a tenacious grip on its valuable software patents and new offices in Midtown Manhattan. It is still here Ă‘ but it is not the Cantor it was a year ago. (New York Times)

For Psychologist, Year of Grief Brings New Understanding - Sep 10, 2002
"The past year has forced me to cross the border from provider to patient, and it taught me how much I did not know," writes psychologist Robert Klitzman, whose sister died in the World Trade Center attacks. (New York Times)

Post-9/11 Coping, From Preparedness to Fatalism - Sep 10, 2002
Some New Yorkers are preparing for another terrorist attack by loading up on safety devices; others are getting their affairs in order. Parents and single people alike are weighing the scary possibilities and quietly pursuing a strategy of personal preparedness. (New York Times)

Park Slope Elite Fire Dept. Unit Works to Rebuild and Recover - Sep 10, 2002
One year after losing 12 men in the Sept. 11 terror attack, the elite Squad 1's firehouse in Park Slope, Brooklyn, bears little physical resemblance to the devastated place that quickly became a depository for grief and memorial gifts from all over the world. Talk to anyone affiliated with the squad, and you sense that the firefighters have done their best to forge ahead emotionally, too. But it is impossible to block those spontaneous, bittersweet moments. (New York Times)

The Changing Face of Ground Zero - Sep 10, 2002
Marc Santora captures the scene at Liberty Street near Ground Zero yesterday. (New York Times)

Firefighter Statue Gets Permanent Home - Sep 10, 2002
The 6-foot-tall bronze statue of a kneeling firefighter, which had sat on a truck bed in the street outside the Milford Plaza Hotel in Midtown Manhattan, has found a permanent home just a few feet away. It has been moved from Eighth Avenue near 44th Street to the sidewalk as a permanent memorial to firefighters and members of law enforcement agencies who died on Sept. 11. (New York Times)

New York Post: 9/11 One Year Later - Sep 10, 2002
The Post adds to its special anniversary coverage with an article about babies who were born on September 11 2001, and another on 9/11 births that kept fathers at the hospital instead of at the World Trade Center. Also, a story describing the scene at Ground Zero yesterday. (New York Post)

One Year Later, Canadian Ties With U.S. A Fine Balance - Sep 9, 2002
For Canadians now reliving the shock and loss of last September there is the persistent reminder that while this country shares a continent with the U.S., it often thinks like the rest of the world. (Toronto Star)

A Year After 9/11, Worries About Toxic Dust - Sep 9, 2002
As schools reopen and the city continues testing and cleaning thousands of apartments for lingering dust, residents are voicing unsettling health concerns about the fallout from the cityÕs worst environmental disaster. (msnbc.com)

The Economist: 9/11 One Year On - Sep 9, 2002
The Economist's section commemorating the anniversary of the September 11 attacks looks at how the U.S. has (or has not) changed, saying that 9/11 was like "a bolt of lightning that brilliantly and briefly illuminated the landscape without changing it. The storm passed." (The Economist)

9/11 Documentary "Anatomy of September 11th" Stands Out - Sep 9, 2002
An installment of A & E's "Investigative Reports" series seeks to explain why the World Trade Center towers, such massive steel buildings, fell. (New York Times)

Play About Fallen Firefighters Now a Movie - Sep 9, 2002
When it first opened last December "The Guys," said to be the first play about Sept. 11 to reach the New York stage, was widely expected to last a season, no more. Now the script of the play is out in paperback, and "The Guys" will have its premiere as a movie on Wednesday -- Sept. 11 -- at the Toronto Film Festival. (New York Times)

September 11 As Seen By 11 Foreign Directors - Sep 9, 2002
"11'09"01 Ă‘ Sept. 11," is an unusual movie, both touching and disturbing, which comprises 11 short films made by 11 international directors, each lasting 11 minutes 9 seconds, plus one final image. (New York Times)

A Year of Making U.S. Safer - Sep 9, 2002
One year after the worst terrorist attacks on United States soil, Americans are safer but still far from safe. In recent days, the top Bush administration officials charged with securing the nation at home and abroad have all cited progress but also acknowledged the continuing threat in their public comments. (New York Times)

9/11 Prompts New Caution in Skyscraper Design - Sep 9, 2002
Only a year later, the attacks have profoundly altered one of the deepest and most original expressions of American culture, ego, muscle, and scientific and financial prowess: the skyscraper. New threats have already led developers, engineers, architects and building tenants to rethink how they hold up and fortify these grand structures. The story includes an interactive feature showing changes in buildings under construction and in the planning stages. (New York Times)

Hollywood's Response to 9/11 - Sep 9, 2002
As part of the Los Angeles' Times' "9/11 A Year After" coverage, the paper takes a look at 9/11's influence on Hollywood, and finds that the prediction that "nothing would be as it was before" appears to be only partly true. (Los Angeles Times)

On 9/11, New York's Emergency Office Could Do Little - Sep 9, 2002
The city's Office of Emergency Management was designed to be cutting edge and thus deeply reassuring to a city that knew it was a target for terror: it would prepare for the worst and oversee the response when the worst hit. Whatever its grand ambitions, when crisis struck on September 11, the agency found itself marginalized and overwhelmed. (New York Times)

One Year Later in Middletown, NJ, the Town That Lost 36 - Sep 9, 2002
The Times continues its series of articles about Middletown, N.J. the town that has become a national symbol of devastating loss and communal caretaking since losing 36 residents on Sept. 11. The town is now struggling with the urge to move past the trauma of last September and the need to remember. (New York Times)

Government Planning to Fingerprint Foreigners - Sep 9, 2002
Immigration agents at the nation's border crossings, airports and seaports this week will begin to fingerprint foreigners who they suspect may pose security risks. (New York Times)

New York Post: Special Coverage "Those We Lost" - Sep 9, 2002
The New York Post's "Those We Lost" anniversary section includes a list of all who died in the World Trade Center attacks, with their ages and occupations. The section also runs stories about the rescue workers who found the body of Rev. Mychal Judge, called "Father Mike," an interview with an 18-year-old whose father died in the attacks and a profile of a couple who met on Sept. 11, 2001. (New York Post)

Legal Deadline Approaches for 9/11 Families - Sep 9, 2002
Thousands who lost loved ones in the Sept. 11 attacks could miss their chance to sue the Port Authority because they're either preoccupied with grief or unaware of tomorrow's deadline for filing suit, lawyers say. The Port Authority has received more than 1,000 notices of intent to sue, said agency spokesman Allen Morrison. But perhaps double that number have potential claims and have not filed such a notice, which is required before suing. (New York Post)

Charity For Firefighters Under Investigation After Possible Fraud - Sep 9, 2002
Despite receiving $320,000 more in donations in 2001 than the year before, the New York Firefighters Foundation, a Florida-based charity that solicits money in the name of New York firefighters, gave away only $48,000 in scholarships and grants - less than 4% of all donations received, and only two-thirds of the amount disbursed in 2000. Not a penny of the million-plus raised by the charity has gone to relatives of fallen New York City firefighters, according to a Daily News investigation. The state attorney general is now investigating the operators of the charity. (New York Daily News)

New York City Police Museum Hosts Powerful Exhibit On 9/11 - Sep 9, 2002
Of the hundreds of Sept. 11 commemorations across the country this week, few are as powerful as the collection now on display at the New York City Police Museum. To enter the four-story building downtown is to step into the day of the attacks. The items on display at the exhibit, entitled "Stronger Than Ever: The NYPD Responds to 9/11," were culled from hundreds of artifacts from Ground Zero and the Fresh Kills landfill on Staten Island, where Trade Center debris was taken. Others were loaned or donated by police officers, families of the slain and the public. (New York Daily News)

Former Employees in World Trade Center Scattered Throughout City - Sep 9, 2002
Most of the largest of the trade center companies relocated in midtown, a Newsday survey found. Others clustered downtown and in Jersey City, while smaller firms also scattered to Queens and Brooklyn. Newsday reporters interviewed more than 100 people who had worked at the World Trade Center and found a wide range of responses to being displaced from the offices in the twin towers they called home. (Newsday)

BBC News - September 11th: One Year On - Sep 9, 2002
The BBC News website features a section about the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, with features about the war on terrorism as well as about the reaction in New York City and around the world. Aside from eyewitness accounts and recollections of the day, the site also features an animated guide to the collapse of the towers as well as a feature on the effect of the attacks on Chinatown in lower Manhattan. A photo essay also highlights images from Ground Zero. (BBC News)

New York Times Book Review: Reading 9/11 - Sep 8, 2002
The New York Times Book Review's anniversary coverage includes a September 11 reading list and a critical essay by Walter Kirn about the themes and merits of the mountains of 9/11 books that appeared after the attacks "like flowers after a funeral." (New York Times)

Poll: New Yorkers Say Sept 11 Should Be About Looking Forward - Sep 8, 2002
A new New York Post poll says that on the eve of the anniversary of the deadliest terrorist attack in U.S. history, New Yorkers are ready to move on. When asked whether the anniversary of Sept. 11 should be about "looking back and remembering" or "moving forward," 47 percent agreed that the future is what they want to focus on, while only 36 percent wanted to look back. (New York Post)

Giuliani Reflects on Last Year and the Future - Sep 8, 2002
At a newsconference last week, former mayor Rudolph Giuliani began with a brief, informal statement about the coming memorial ceremony, then answered questions for about 45 minutes on subjects ranging from the political to the personal, at one point relating his memories of waking up on Sept. 12, 2001, to see the sun rise. (New York Times)

9/11 Families Feel Apart From the Country - Sep 8, 2002
A year later, the families of Sept. 11 Ă‘ a small city's worth of widows, parents and other kin touched by terror Ă‘ say that what defines them most is their sense of separation from other Americans. As a nation that wept together resumes its hectic, distracted course, family members and outsiders say, September's bereaved have become a lost legion, left to find their own way. (New York Times)

9/11 Gave a Devastating Shove to the City's Economy - Sep 8, 2002
Economists and business experts suggest that even if many of the city's economic losses might ultimately have occurred anyway, the Sept. 11 attack compressed what might have been a relatively mild recession into a few very painful months. (New York Times)

Religious Leaders are Writing 9/11 Sermons - Sep 8, 2002
While secular leaders are refraining from speechmaking Ă‘ whether out of fear of inadequacy or a sincere sense of awe Ă‘ it will be the preachers shaping the oratorical legacy of Wednesday's public recollection of Sept. 11, 2001, in New York. (New York Times)

Two Familes One Year Later: One Stayed, the Other Moved - Sep 8, 2002
Although relatively few families eventually left New York City after the World Trade Center attacks, September 11 forced people to reassess their relationship with the city. Two families living almost exactly at Ground Zero made two very different decisions. (New York Times)

Marine Biologists Dig to Find Net Effect of 9/11 - Sep 8, 2002
Marine biologists are studying the effects of the Sept.11 attack on the fish and invertebrates that live on the bottom of New York Harbor. After the attack, a miasma of smoke and fragments of the trade center drifted around lower Manhattan, eventually settling onto the Hudson's surface. (Washington Post)

An Investment Bank Rebuilds and Reflects One Year Later - Sep 8, 2002
Keefe Bruyette, located in the 88th and 89th floors of the World Trade Center's south tower, lost 67 of its approximately 250 employees, including nearly its entire group of research analysts and traders. Two weeks later, when a Keefe Bruyette executive asked Mr. DiAntonio to come back and help rebuild the trading desk, he accepted without hesitation. "It was an easy decision," he says. The firm will be open on the anniversary of the attack, and a memorial service will be held at the day's end at a midtown church. (Wall Street Journal)

Daily News - Special Coverage of 9/11 Anniversary - Sep 8, 2002
The Daily News coverage of the September 11 anniversary features an extended essay by Pete Hamill recalling the events of September 11 a year ago. Other stories about September 11 take a look at the impromptu memorials that sprung up around the city; stories of the workers at Ground Zero; the outpouring of money into charities set up to help aid victims of September 11 and their relatives; and a look at the cultural repsonse to 9/11. (New York Daily News)

Newsday: Special Section - 9/11 One Year Later - Sep 8, 2002
Newsday presents a special section with coverage devoted to the September 11 attacks and the reactions and aftermath a year later. Highlights include a feature on security one year later; profiles of survivors; excerpts from letters and artwork by students and children responding to the attacks; and a searchable list of anniversary-related events throughout the city and Long Island. (Newsday)

Commemorations Begin As Anniversary Nears - Sep 8, 2002
As the anniversary of Sept. 11 approached, New Yorkers and visitors to the city remembered the terrorist attacks with tributes, ceremonies and recollections of private grief. Events taking place Sunday included a memorial walk led by paralyzed police detective Steven McDonald and the presentation of a plaque honoring transit workers. A coalition of groups opposed to President Bush's war on terror and his plans for attacking Iraq held a march from Times Square to Union Square. (Associated Press)

New Yorkers Still Fearful One Year Later - Sep 7, 2002
An overwhelming majority of New Yorkers think about the September 11 attacks at least once a week, with almost half thinking about them at least once a day, according to a poll from Newsday. Furthermore, some New Yorkers from outside Manhattan are taking less frequent trips into Manhattan, while over 70 percent of those surveyed foresee another terrorist attack taking place in the United States in the future. (Newsday)

Congress, Back in Its First City, Pays Tribute to 9/11 Victims and Heroes - Sep 7, 2002
Congress convened a special meeting in New York yesterday to pay tribute to the victims and the heroes of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and, in the words of the speakers, to show the world that America had been made stronger by the assaults on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. (New York Times)

Radical UK Muslims to Rally on September 11 - Sep 7, 2002
Britain's most radical Islamic group, al-Muhajiroun, is planning to hold a controversial conference on September 11 highlighting ``the positive outcomes'' of last year's attacks, according to its Web Site. The conference will be held at London's Finsbury Park Mosque, home to firebrand cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri and previously visited by terror suspects, including Zacarias Moussaoui, an alleged conspirator in the attacks. (Reuters)

Pataki's Tours for 9/11 Silence Usual Critics - Sep 7, 2002
As Wednesday's anniversary of the attack approaches, Gov. George Pataki has toured the city and state, taking part in as many as three 9/11 remembrances a day. But even privately, top Democrats do no more than grumble about details of the Republican governor's recent Sept. 11 itinerary. If anything, many sound jealous that he is positioned to reap what political rewards there are in being associated with New York's response to the devastation. (New York Times)

Raymond Kelly On New York City Security One Year Later - Sep 7, 2002
As part of a series of interviews about the city and the country one year after 9/11, the New York Times interviewed New York City police commissioner Raymond Kelly about the state of security in the city today, and what "safe" should mean for New Yorkers. (New York Times)

Smaller but Heartfelt Ceremonies Around U.S. - Sep 7, 2002
With the coming anniversary, the nation will be watching Washington and New York, where elaborate memorial services will be televised around the world. But for people elsewhere in the country, there will be thousands of smaller services at churches, on courthouse steps, or in the privacy of homes. (New York Times)

Gathering For Widows Who Gave Birth After 9/11 - Sep 7, 2002
Widows who gave birth after Sept. 11 gathered yesterday at Cipriani in Midtown in preparation for the first anniversary of the attacks. (New York Times)

24-Hour Jet Patrols Resume - Sep 7, 2002
With the Sept. 11 anniversary approaching, 24-hour military fighter jet patrols have resumed over Washington and New York, officials said yesterday . (New York Post)

Bloomberg Asks Networks Not To Run Constant Images of 9/11 Collapse - Sep 7, 2002
Mayor Michael Bloomberg doesn't want to see reruns of the searing images of Sept. 11, he declared yesterday on his WABC Radio show, asking the television networks not to run the images of the towers' collapse again and again. (New York Post)

Rabbis: Think of 9/11 This New Year - Sep 7, 2002
Rabbis around the city are asking Jews who began celebrating Rosh Hashanah last night to focus on remembering those lost on Sept. 11, cherishing life and learning from failures - even those of our government. (New York Post)

No Invitation To September 11 Ceremonies For Taiwan - Sep 6, 2002
In a bow to the State Department, Mayor BloombergÕs office has denied Taiwan, a democratic nation that lost nine people in last yearÕs attacks on the World Trade Center, an invitation to participate in WednesdayÕs memorial service for September 11 victims. (New York Sun)

Restrictions Finalized For September 11 Flights Over New York City - Sep 6, 2002
Airline passengers will have to stay in their seats the first 30 minutes of any flight out of New York's major airports and the last 30 minutes of any flight in next week as part of new security restrictions put in place for the Sept. 11 anniversary. (Newsday)

Teachers Look for the Lessons of September 11 - Sep 6, 2002
Teachers around the country are preparing to replay Sept. 11 next week in many ways. The anniversary has emerged as an occasion for special lessons on history and technology, poetry and psychology, art and architecture, hatred and patriotism. (Los Angeles Times)

New Yorkers Stressed, Few Seek Help - Sep 6, 2002
A government study of 3,512 people in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut found that 75 percent reported having emotional problems after Sept. 11, but only 12 percent asked for help, even from friends and family (Associated Press)

Winter Garden Reopens - Sep 6, 2002
Yesterday, with a host of government officials and construction workers on hand, officials of Brookfield Properties, owner of three of the World Financial CenterÕs four buildings and Lower ManhattanÕs biggest commercial landlord, showed off to the press the companyÕs $50-million reconstruction of the Winter Garden -- the soaring, glass-enclosed public space that is the jewel of the World Financial Center. (Newsday)

9/11 Television: A Special Day of Pain and Comfort - Sep 6, 2002
The 9/11 anniversary programming, which has already begun, will steadily increase until Wednesday. There is not much new within this onslaught. But just as television was the medium through which most of us experienced the attacks, now television is setting the memorial tone as it offers Ă‘ or rather demands with its blanket coverage Ă‘ a day of reflection. (New York Times)

Tattoos Serve As Personal Memorials - Sep 6, 2002
Like those long favored by military veterans, Sept. 11 tattoos have become a public declaration of loss, defiance and survival. Firefighters, police officers and bereaved relatives all sought solace though memorials inked into their skin. (Associated Press)

Sculptor Forced to Move 9 / 11 Statues - Sep 6, 2002
An artist who spent the summer creating a memorial to the victims of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks was forced to move two 13-foot statues from a federal park where they were created. (Associated Press)

Films Make Art of 9/11 Chaos - Sep 6, 2002
You can't speak strictly cinematically about the attack on the Twin Towers; it was an extraordinary disaster, one whose emotional and spiritual dust hasn't even begun to settle. Nor can one judge the plethora of anniversary films and videos now coming out by standard critical criteria. (Newsday)

Democrats: Pataki Exploits 9/11 - Sep 6, 2002
Senior Democrats yesterday accused Gov. Pataki of capitalizing on the Sept. 11 tragedy to promote his campaign for governor. (New York Post)

Both Candidates for Governer to Pull Ads Beginning Tues. - Sep 6, 2002
In honor of the one-year anniversary of Sept. 11, Gov. Pataki will pull all his political ads from the airways for three days beginning on Tuesday, not just on the anniversary itself, officials said yesterday. (New York Post)

City Struggles for Economic Recovery - Sep 6, 2002
The city's economy, battered by the powerful riptides of Sept. 11 and last year's recession, may have hit bottom in February but has been drifting ever since. Local unemployment stands at a dismal 7.7%. (New York Daily News)

9/11 cost Insurers $40.2B - Sep 6, 2002
Insurers will pay out an estimated $40.2 billion for losses stemming from the Sept. 11 terror attacks against the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, a top insurance trade group reported yesterday. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Poem to Be Read Before Congress - Sep 6, 2002
Billy Collins, poet laureate of the United States, will read this poem about Sept. 11, "The Names" before Congress today at its joint session in New York City. (New York Times)

125 Cedar St: Still Coated in Dust and Ash - Sep 6, 2002
The rest of the city might have moved past 9/11, but a year after a year after the destruction of the trade center flooded their living rooms and bedrooms with ash and debris, the residents of 125 Cedar Street are still living it every day. The apartments sit largely barren, still coated in dust and ash, with no sign of the vibrant life the residents enjoyed for a quarter century at the feet of the twin towers. (New York Times)

At 125 Cedar St: A Tea Set that Captured the Moment of 9/11 - Sep 6, 2002
Elaine Williamson's tea set, encased in a fine, gray dust, was photographed by Edward Keating and published last Sept. 20 on the front of the The New York Times' daily section "A Nation Challenged." Several newspapers around the world also published it and the photograph became an icon of 9/11. When Williamson first returned to her apartment, she took the tea set with her. (New York Times)

A Scholarship Fund for Children of Those Who Suffered Financial Losses - Sep 6, 2002
AXA Financial Inc., the financial services company, is donating $3 million to start a new scholarship fund for victims of the terror attacks on Sept. 11. The fund, named Families of Freedom 2: Building Futures Through Education, will devote itself to providing scholarships and educational support for indirect victims of the attacks Ă‘ those who lost jobs and businesses Ă‘ and their children who are on the verge of going to college. (New York Times)

N.Y. Seeing Only Part of Promised Aid - Sep 5, 2002
Soon after Sept. 11, President Bush promised New York City more than $20 billion in federal aid. A year later, only a fraction of that money has been spent. Thousands of aid applications are sitting in government offices, while the cash flow has been slowed by red tape and a lack of consensus over how to rebuild the World Trade Center site. (Associated Press)

September 11 Birthdays: Between Remembrance and Celebration - Sep 5, 2002
For many of the countless Americans born on Sept. 11, that date assumed an ominous ring for the first time last year. Wednesday will be a balancing act. With the first anniversary shaping up as a national day of remembrance and rededication Ă‘ a true Memorial Day Ă‘ a lot of people will have to struggle to get through the televised ceremonies and tributes, not to mention the unearthly quiet of a weekday when many businesses will close and many Americans will elect to stay indoors. (New York Times)

Subway Service to Resume on Routes Closed After 9/11 - Sep 5, 2002
Subway service on lines serving Brooklyn, the West Side of Manhattan and the Bronx will return to normal for the first time in a year on Sept. 15, when three of the four subway stations closed since the World Trade Center attack are to reopen, city and state officials said yesterday. (New York Times)

On Anniversary, Ground Zero Vendors Will Be Banned - Sep 5, 2002
Scores of vendors creating a "carnival atmosphere" at Ground Zero will be barred from the site's perimeter during the one-year anniversary of the 9/11 attacks, officials said yesterday. (New York Post)

Economic Anguish of 9/11 Is Detailed by Comptroller - Sep 5, 2002
The attack on the World Trade Center will cost New York City $83 billion to $95 billion, depending on how many businesses wind up leaving the city, according to a report issued yesterday by William C. Thompson Jr., the city comptroller. (New York Times)

An Icon After Sept. 11, Giuliani Keeps Options Open - Sep 5, 2002
A year after Sept. 11, Rudolph W. Giuliani can contemplate an unspecified political future that he could not have dreamed of before. (New York Times)

A View of Loss, and of Recovery - Sep 5, 2002
The silence of devastation at the Winter Garden, destroyed on Sept. 11 but now rebuilt, has been replaced by the hush of anticipation. (New York Times)

Lots of Progress in Rebuilding Downtown - Sep 5, 2002
Beneath the once-scarred streets of lower Manhattan, 130 miles of electric cable have been replaced. So has nearly a mile of gas pipe. Aboveground, more than 122 buildings have been cleaned of dust and grime, and almost every street has been repaved. (New York Daily News)

Near Ground Zero, Paternal Pataki Reaps Dividends - Sep 5, 2002
Pollsters and political insiders have found that New York City residents are more optimistic about the future, and more confident in their leaders, than other Americans. Howard Wolfson, the executive director of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, calls it the "Ground Zero effect," and its chief beneficiary is Gov. George Pataki, the two-time Republican incumbent who is seeking re-election this fall. (New York Observer)

Voices of the 9/11 Generation - Sep 5, 2002
In June, Newsday invited students to send in artwork, essays or poems about September 11. Hundreds of youngsters sent in work that conveyed their sadness, confusion, horror - and, happily, their indomitable optimism and resolve - in the aftermath of last year's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. A sampling of the students' work. (Newsday)

Tangible Reminders of Sept. 11 Get Pride of Place in Exhibitions - Sep 5, 2002
Dozens of cultural institutions plan to display hundreds of objects recovered after the terror attacks of Sept. 11. They will exhibit a flower-bedecked mountain bike believed to have been abandoned by a missing World Trade Center messenger, a crushed firefighter's helmet from ground zero, the bent squeegee handle used to escape from a North Tower elevator, and many other historical objects. (New York Times)

Cartoonist Draws on 9/11 for Strip - Sep 5, 2002
Art Spiegelman, the Pulitzer Prize-winning "Maus" cartoonist-novelist, is creating an autobiographical comic-strip serial for the Forward, the national Jewish newspaper, chronicling his reaction to 9/11. (Newsday)

Theatrical Odyssey Memorializes 9/11 - Sep 5, 2002
"Brave New World," a three-day theater marathon commemorating the attacks of Sept. 11, was the brainchild of playwright J. Dakota Powell, who had lost a relative in the collapse of the World Trade Center. The show runs Monday through Wednesday at Manhattan's Town Hall and benefits the New York Children's Foundation. (Newsday)

Liberty Island Hosts Family Party - Sep 5, 2002
Liberty Island was opened at night for the first time in four years yesterday, for a night of live music and fireworks to mark the end of a "summer camp" for relatives of the 9/11 victims. (New York Post)

De Niro Chosen For 9/11 Tribute - Sep 5, 2002
Robert De Niro is among the scores of people whom city officials have asked to read the names of the Sept. 11 victims during next week's tribute. Others are expected to include Secretary of State Colin Powell and Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver. Some family members have expressed concern that there will be too many celebrities. (New York Post)

Special Investigation: Weapons Aboard Planes - Sep 4, 2002
To test the supposedly more stringent security imposed at the nation's airports after the Sept. 11 attacks, Daily News reporters boarded flights over the Labor Day weekend carrying contraband - including box cutters, razor knives and pepper spray. Not a single airport security checkpoint spotted or confiscated any of the dangerous items, all of which have been banned from airports and planes by federal authorities. (New York Daily News)

New Task Force to Help Fire Department Prepare forĂŠ Terror Attacks - Sep 4, 2002
Mayor Michael Bloomberg said yesterday that a former director of the Central Intelligence Agency would head a terrorism preparedness task force within the city's Fire Department, a group that will include a former director of Mossad, Israel's intelligence agency. The task force will evaluate the department's technical capabilities to deal with various terrorism threats, and make recommendations. (New York Times)

With 9/11 Flag, A Mystery Unfurls - Sep 4, 2002
There it was, one of the enduring symbols of Sept. 11: a simple American flag that became an icon when it was raised by three firefighters over the ruins of the World Trade Center.But where is it now? In the months after the terrorist attack, the flag traveled a very patriotic route around the world. When it was returned to its owners a few weeks ago, they noticed that it was not the same flag. (New York Times)

Poll Finds Children Still Traumatized by 9/11 - Sep 4, 2002
Nearly a year after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, children in New York City and nationwide are still showing signs of psychological trauma related to the disaster, a poll has found. Sixty-nine percent of parents in New York - and more than 40 percent of parents nationwide - say nightmares, anxiety, headaches and depression continue to plague their children. (Associated Press)

FDNY's Emissary to World - Sep 4, 2002
In the aftermath of the World Trade Center attack, firefighter Jim Carney found himself thrown into the role of arranging funerals and care for the families of the 343 firefighters killed. (New York Post)

Labor Leaders Hail Workers for 9/11 Sacrifices - Sep 4, 2002
New York City's union movement marked Labor Day yesterday in a far different way than in past years, turning its annual rally into a commemoration of the nearly 3,000 people, including 600 union members, who died in the Sept. 11 terrorist attack. (New York Times)

Judge Says Sept. 11 Families Can Change Minds on Suing - Sep 4, 2002
A federal judge in Manhattan said yesterday that he would allow families of Sept. 11 victims who decide to sue the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey to change their minds if they later decide to seek an award from the Victim Compensation Fund. (New York Times)

Airlines Struggling After 9/11 - Sep 4, 2002
Nearly a year after the Sept. 11 terror attacks, the nation's major airlines have gone financially from bad to worse to not much better, and the New York region's aviation industry still hasn't recovered. (Newsday)

Eight Names Removed From Victim List - Sep 4, 2002
At least eight people whose names are among those presumed to have died in the WTC disaster will be dropped from the official tally later this week. Detectives assigned to the NYPD's Missing Persons Squad have determined that a number of people presumed to have perished in the Sept. 11 disaster are indeed alive. (New York Post)

Tribute in Wax - Sep 4, 2002
]The three firefighters photographed raising the American flag over the ashes of Ground Zero, an image that became the symbol of America's will to fight terror, were honored yesterday at the unveiling of a life-size wax monument of the moment. (New York Post)

Kerik Haunted by Sept. 11 Images - Sep 4, 2002
In the past year Bernard Kerik has published a tell-all memoir, left his job as New York's police commissioner and joined his former boss Rudolph Giuliani at a start-up consulting firm. But in a recent interview at the firm's Times Square office, Kerik still seemed the tough-talking street cop -- though one scarred by Sept. 11. (New York Times)

Sept. 11 Books Hit Bookstores - Sep 3, 2002
A year after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks against the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, bookstores across the country will mark the anniversary with readings, vigils and other events. They will also be selling books. More than 100 related works are due this fall and virtually all booksellers have tables set aside. (Associated Press)

City's Payouts Decrease in 2002, Due to 9/11 - Sep 3, 2002
Lawsuit payouts by New York City nose-dived by nearly $100 million to $458.6 million in the fiscal year that ended June 30, the Corporation Counsel's Office reports. The 17.7 percent drop, however, is not likely to offer the city respite from the steady increase in payouts over the last decade because the decrease was principally a product of the disruption caused by the Sept. 11 attacks. (New York Law Journal)

USA Today: 9/11 One Year Later - Sep 3, 2002
USA begins its online anniversary coverge with an interactive look at a "year of recovery," and part 1 of a series recounting September 11, 2001 from interviews with over 300 survivors. (USA Today)

Sept. 11 Urban Legends Abound - Sep 3, 2002
As the anniversary of Sept. 11 approaches, terror-related urban legends are running rampant. Luckily, Snopes.com, the Urban Legends Reference Pages, is working to keep pandemonium at bay with levelheaded debunking of these well-meaning but often goofy warnings and too-good-to-be-true stories. (Salon)

A Troubling Year For Muslims in America - Sep 3, 2002
This has been a deeply troubling year for Muslims in America Ñ a time of bitter misunderstandings and often stark extremes of experience. On one level, the governmentÕs questioning and detention of hundreds of mostly immigrant men in probes that many believe are based on religious and ethnic profiling have created a powerful sense of siege. But there also have been other, less remarked-upon changes. (Newsday)

For Survivors, No Escaping the Memories of Sept. 11 - Sep 3, 2002
For attack survivor Neil Getter and many other Aon employees contacted last month, the first anniversary is stirring stews of memories and emotions that are boiling over. A largely unspoken undertone of guilt is palpable in talking with the employees of Aon, which lost 175 workers that day. It is as if they believe they should have done more for others, even if that almost certainly would have meant their own deaths. (Newsday)

Giuliani Says WTC Offices a Possibility - Sep 3, 2002
Former Mayor Rudy Giuliani said yesterday that the World Trade Center redevelopment effort should focus on a memorial but didn't rule out putting up buildings on the site. In the current issue of Time magazine, he writes, "If it were up to me, I'd devote the entire 16 acres to the memorial" - a stance at odds with that of Mayor Michael Bloomberg and other officials. (New York Daily News)

16-Acre Memorial Has Little Support From Local Politicians - Sep 3, 2002
Former mayor Rudolph Giuliani allies such as Mayor Bloomberg and Gov. Pataki - who control development on the World Trade Center site - failed yesterday to back Giuliani's call for preserving the entire 16-acre area for a tribute to those killed Sept. 11. (New York Post)

PBS Draws Ire Over 9/11 Show - Sep 3, 2002
The cityÕs largest public television station is marking September 11 with a documentary whose Web site is being lambasted by Israelis and American Jewish groups for offering an inaccurate and one-sided history of the Arab-Israeli conflict. (New York Sun)

Ground Zero Kids Head to Temporary Midtown High School - Sep 3, 2002
A new high school catering to students residing near Ground Zero will open on Thursday, but in a location far uptown. The New Millennium School will hold its first year of classes for 125 ninth-grade students at the High School for Arts and Design at Second Avenue and 57th Street. City school officials were unable to secure adequate space downtown in time for the new school year, officials said. (New York Post)

Long Island Teens Arrested in Bias Attack - Sep 3, 2002
Two Long Island teenagers have been arrested for punching a 15-year-old Muslim boy in a bias attack after yelling that he and his mother "blew up the Twin Towers," the Suffolk County Police said. (New York Post)

Handbags Made From Giuliani's Ties at 9/11 Benefit - Sep 3, 2002
Former Mayor Rudy Giuliani has had more than 60 silk ties from his personal collection transformed into handmade women's handbags to be sold in an auction tomorrow night benefiting the Twin Towers Fund. (New York Post)

Face of Firefighting, Taken One at a Time - Sep 3, 2002
Laura Yanes, an amateur photographer, walked by a firehouse near Union Square in July 2001 and simply snapped a picture of a firefighter. Her project grew after September 11, and Yanes now plans to photograph every single New York City firefighter. So far, less than a year into the project, she has photographed 2,000. (New York Times)

With Towers Gone, Area May Be Vulnerable to Lightning - Sep 3, 2002
When the World Trade Center stood, lightning regularly struck its towers and was safely discharged to the ground. Now, scientists say, Lower Manhattan may be much more vulnerable to lightning. Meteorologists and engineers have been given new impetus to study how lightning behaves in urban areas and how best to protect city dwellers. (New York Times)

Many Minds, Each Envisioning a Different 9/11 Memorial - Sep 2, 2002
In planning for a memorial in New York City to the victims of the Sept. 11 attacks at the World Trade Center and elsewhere, a struggle for control of the process has laid bare a tangle of unending grief, cultural chasms, distrust of government and pure and simple rage among a host of disparate groups. Residents of Lower Manhattan, business owners, architects, commuters, historians and relatives of the dead are vociferously making their views known. (New York Times)

Unanswered Questions About 9/11 Plotters - Sep 2, 2002
One year later, the FBI has assembled an excruciatingly detailed record of the movements, phone calls, and financial transactions of the 19 hijackers. And investigations overseas have shed some light on the plot's genesis. But many important questions remain unanswered. What was the exact al Qaeda chain of command? How were the hijackers communicating with their leaders? And did the hijackers scout other targets for future al Qaeda operations? (U.S. News and World Report)

The Lost Chance To Prevent 9/11 - Sep 2, 2002
Long before 9/11, the White House debated taking the fight to al-Qaeda. It didn't happenÑand soon it was too late. (Time)

What To Do With Ground Zero - Sep 2, 2002
One year after the terrorist attacks, the place where the Twin Towers once loomed looks like any big-city construction site. But exactly what will be built there is still anyoneÕs guess. One of the many remarkable stories of the last year is how public opinion, galvanized by the tragedy, has derailed the business-as-usual development plans that called for replacing the World Trade CenterÕs 11 million square feet of office space. (Newsweek)

People Divided on Sept. 11 Holiday - Sep 2, 2002
Americans are divided about whether Sept. 11 should be a national holiday like Veterans Day or Memorial Day, according to a CNN-Time poll released Sunday. While 44 percent favor the idea, 51 percent opposed it, down from a 48-48 split in March. (Associated Press)

Newsweek: 9/11, One Year Later - Sep 2, 2002
Newsweek's September 11 anniversary coverage includes a look at that tragic day with five who survived the attacks, an analysis of how September 11 will go down in history with five prominent U.S. historians, and several essays on the artistic response to the World Trade Center attacks. Also: a look at the future of New York City. (Newsweek)

Time Magazine: 9/11, One Year Later - Sep 2, 2002
Time Magazine's anniversary coverage includes profiles of 11 people affected by the attacks, including the last person found alive at Ground Zero, an Afghani woman and a 12-year-old girl whose father died on September 11, 2001. Also: essays by Rudolph Giuliani, Michael Kinsley, Andrew Sullivan and others. (Time)

A Painful Anniversary - Sep 2, 2002
As it approaches the first anniversary of the deadliest terrorist attacks in American history, the nation is gearing up for what may well be the largest collective ceremony of remembrance in American history. (U.S. News and World Report)

Architect At LMDC Sketched WTC Vision For Protetch Gallery - Sep 2, 2002
Months before renowned architect Billie Tsien joined the Lower Manhattan Development Corp., she sketched her own vision for the World Trade Center site. This week, the design by Tsien and her husband, Tod Williams - "Buildings in the Form of Trees," first drafted in January - will find a wider audience in the new catalog of the Max Protetch Gallery. (Newsday)

After Sept. 11, Defiant Workers Empower NYC - Sep 2, 2002
Many New York City workers said they have become more appreciative of their jobs and respectful of their colleagues since Sept. 11. They said they are more aware that life is fleeting, and that anger and hatred take away from it. And as they deal with the consequences of Sept. 11 - lingering fears of another attack and continuing grief over the loss of life - they have become heroes themselves, the muscles that keep this city turning. (Newsday)

Tribute to City's Sanitation Workers - Sep 2, 2002
Sanitation workers were praised yesterday as the "unsung heroes" of Sept. 11 for their nine-month cleanup of Ground Zero. Nearly 300 members New York's Strongest were honored at a reception for their work hauling 1.7 million metric tons of debris from lower Manhattan to the Fresh Kills Landfill in Staten Island. (New York Post)

Congress' visit a show of solidarity - Sep 2, 2002
It's been 212 years, but Congress is returning to New York. About 200 members are expected to convene in a joint session at Federal Hall on Friday to pass a resolution expressing unity with New York City and declaring the nation's resolve against terrorism. (New York Daily News)

Police Search for Man Using 9/11 Victim's Identity - Sep 1, 2002
Police are searching for a thief who stole the identity of a Newark man who died in the World Trade Center. The widow of Sean Booker, who was 35 when he perished Sept. 11, 2001, alerted authorities after a letter addressed to her husband indicated that he had received a traffic ticket on May 5 in Tarboro, N.C. (New York Post)

Thinking Big in New York, Seeking a Grand Vision of Public Works - Sep 1, 2002
Hovering above the initial debate over the World Trade Center site is a more sweeping and historically significant question: Can New York City, which for more than a century led the world in the construction of major public works only to repudiate the practice some 30 years ago, somehow learn to build on a grand scale again? (New York Times)

A Year Later, City is Still On Edge - Sep 1, 2002
A year after terrorists brought down the World Trade Center, most New Yorkers are coping uneasily with the aftermath of the debacle. Most are determined to carry on normally. But a striking majority - 72% - believe another terrorist attack is very or somewhat likely. (New York Daily News)

WTC Transit Plans Altered After Victims' Families' Pleas - Sep 1, 2002
Plans for an underground transportation concourse at the World Trade Center site have been altered in response to pleas from family members of victims of the Sept. 11 attacks that the concourse not run beneath the footprint of one of the destroyed towers, officials in the rebuilding effort say. (New York Times)

Struggle to Tally All 9/11 Dead by Anniversary - Sep 1, 2002
From the earliest hours after the the destruction of the World Trade Center, one of the most painful and complicated tasks has been determining precisely how many people died and who exactly they were. The city is finally on the verge of establishing the final death toll, a need that is given urgency by the approach of the first anniversary of the attack and the city's plans to read each victim's name during the main ceremony at ground zero. (New York Times)

Artists' Reflections on Creativity Since the Day of Destruction - Sep 1, 2002
The cultural landscape today may not seem terribly different from what it was a year ago. But some artists with Manhattan roots and habits, whose daily views were dominated by the World Trade Center towers, have found that the air they breathe in is not the same, and neither is the imaginative product they exhale. (Newsday)

Film Captures City in 9/11's Wake - Sep 1, 2002
When he saw the second plane hit the World Trade Center, film director Steven Rosenbaum did what he does best: He told his colleagues to pick up their cameras. Rosenbaum's film "7 Days in September," which opens Friday in two local theaters, is the first documentary released theatrically that captures the events of 9/11 and the following week. It's a story told through the eyes of 27 different filmmakers. (New York Post)

Trade Center Collapse Destroyed Crime Investigation Evidence - Sep 1, 2002
Federal agencies say some of their investigations were affected when evidence was lost in the rubble of Ground Zero. And a few "lucky" criminals benefited. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, U.S. Customs, the Secret Service and the Securities and Exchange Commission all had offices adjacent to the World Trade Center in buildings that were destroyed or severely damaged. (New York Post)

Victims' Familes Still Wrestling With Financial Issues - Sep 1, 2002
Families of September 11 victims have had access to money, and plenty of it - more than $2.5 billion raised by major charities, according to estimates, and a pot exceeding $5 billion available to those who apply to the federal Sept. 11 Victim Compensation Fund. But the amount each family will get from that fund, set to make distributions based on each victim's salary and projected lifetime earnings, and how charities are making gifts and to whom are issues many families are still wrestling with a year after the tragedy. (New York Daily News)

Rebuilding NYC October 2003


Difficulties Emerging in Rebuilding: An Interactive Map - Oct 30, 2003
Newsday's interactive map shows the problems and difficulties with the current WTC plan. (Newsday)

Cost and Timetable for Rebuilding Lower Manhattan In Question - Oct 30, 2003
As Gov. George Pataki prepares to make a major speech today on rebuilding the World Trade Center, he faces questions about the master plan, the cost and the timetable. The overall cost of the project seems to have risen. The source of the money remains unclear. And as Deputy Mayor Daniel Doctoroff noted in a letter to the Port Authority released Tuesday, no clear cost estimates or schedule has been made available. (Newsday)

Mayor Fears Costs of WTC Pension Bill - Oct 30, 2003
Mayor Bloomberg is urging Gov. Pataki to reject legislation that could boost retirement payouts for thousands of emergency workers who responded to the World Trade Center attacks. In an unusually forceful letter, obtained by The News, Bloomberg suggested the measure could cost the city and state up to $260 million a year. (New York Daily News)

Trial Date Set For Silverstein's WTC Dispute - Oct 30, 2003
A tentative trial date in the multibillion dollar dispute between World Trade Center leaseholder Larry Silverstein and his insurance companies was set for February yesterday. (Newsday)

Man on List of WTC Victims Alive and Well in California - Oct 30, 2003
The only two children thought killed in the World Trade Center attack never existed - and a man who was reported to be their father is alive and well. It's a tangled yarn - and it's even more puzzling to Paul and Gail Van Velzer, who can't figure out why a woman they don't know reported Paul and two supposed sons were dead. (New York Post)

Mayor's Office Seeks More Retail Space at Ground Zero - Oct 29, 2003
After many months of playing a backstage role in planning the new World Trade Center, the Bloomberg administration stepped forward yesterday and declared that the master plan would have to include far more streetfront retail space and one more full-fledged street than it now calls for. (New York Times)

A New Account of Sept. 11 Loss, With 40 Fewer Souls to Mourn - Oct 29, 2003
After what officials call an exhaustive investigation that spanned the world, the city has removed more names from the official tally of people killed in the World Trade Center attacks. The reasons are the same as in the past: finding people once thought dead; duplication; insufficient data; fraud. In many cases, investigators could not prove a supposed victim had ever existed --a jarring concept, given that some names are embedded in the collective memory. (New York Times)

Ground Zero Workers Still Suffering Health Problems - Oct 29, 2003
One-third of Ground Zero workers are suffering serious health problems, and many face life-long illnesses, doctors told a congressional panel yesterday. But much of the money earmarked to help the firefighters, cops, construction workers and others sickened by the toxic plume at the World Trade Center site is stuck in limbo. The funds have been authorized by the federal government but not disbursed. (New York Daily News)

WTC Architects Bury Hatchet - Oct 29, 2003
The two feuding architects charged with designing the first new building at the World Trade Center site met yesterday and agreed to put aside their differences in order to come up with a final plan for the tower, a source said yesterday. (Newsday)

Silvertein Near Deal on Buyout - Oct 29, 2003
World Trade Center leaseholder Larry Silverstein and the Port Authority appear to be close to making a buyout offer to the mortgage company that loaned Silverstein the money to lease the complex, lawyers said yesterday. (Newsday)

Changes to Libeskind's Freedom Tower - Oct 28, 2003
Daniel Libeskind's striking vision for a "Freedom Tower" at Ground Zero has morphed into a more conventional glass-and-steel office building attached to an angular spire, as shown by one of the architect's new drawings obtained by The Post. Libeskind has been pushing this revised version of his tower design in a fight with trade center developer Larry Silverstein and his architect David Childs, who is the lead architect for the site's signature building. (New York Post)

Anger Over Eviction of Lower Manhattan Middle Eastern Restaurant - Oct 27, 2003
A wealthy church is evicting a popular Middle East restaurant from a lower Manhattan building it owns in what angry diners claim is a plot to get more money from the MTA -- which is planning to buy the property to demolish it. The building housing the Alfanoose restaurant, at 150 Fulton St., will be torn down by the end of 2004 to make way for a new transportation hub, a centerpiece of lower Manhattan's post-9/11 renewal. (New York Post)

9/11 Commission Threatens To Subpoena White House Files - Oct 27, 2003
The federal commission investigating intelligence and security lapses before the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks is threatening to subpoena White House records if they are not handed over voluntarily. (NY1)

Chinatown Store Founded in 1891 Succumbs to Effects of 9/11 - Oct 26, 2003
Last month the 32 Mott Street General Store, Chinatown's longest continuously operating store, became the latest victim of the economic troubles that have gripped this community since Sept. 11, 2001. City marshals came and evicted Paul Lee, who had fallen badly behind in his rent. For more than a century, Lee's family worked at the store. It is clear now that the store, long a stop on Chinatown walking tours, will not be reopening. (New York Times)

Santiago Calatrava's Work: A Clue to What's to Come at Ground Zero - Oct 26, 2003
Last summer, Santiago Calatrava was commissioned to design a $2 billion transportation hub at the World Trade Center site. For the moment, Calatrava is speaking about the project only in general terms, under the watchful eye of his client, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. But clearly he has grand ambitions for the station. "It has to feel as important as Grand Central, or the old Penn Station," he says. (New York Times)

Architects Agree to Meet to Work Out Tower Design - Oct 25, 2003
Trying to resolve their differences over the Freedom Tower at the World Trade Center site, the tower's architect and Daniel Libeskind, the site's master planner, agreed yesterday to work together on a design that would more closely follow the Libeskind plan. (New York Times)

Pataki Backs Libeskind in Tower Debate - Oct 24, 2003
Gov. Pataki yesterday backed Daniel Libeskind's vision for a Ground Zero Freedom Tower - weighing in on a dispute over the structure's design that threatens to stall the progress of lower Manhattan's recovery from 9/11. "I think it's very important that the vision that was enunciated for the master site plan be ultimately what is constructed at Ground Zero," Pataki said, when asked about the fight between Libeskind and David Childs, the tower's lead architect. (New York Post)

Port Authority Stays Out of Architects' Struggle - Oct 24, 2003
The Port Authority will not help resolve a clash between a pair of architects designing the signature skyscraper at Ground Zero, Executive Director Joseph Seymour said yesterday. (New York Daily News)

Marriott Ceding Property Where Hotel Stood on the World Trade Center Site - Oct 24, 2003
Yesterday, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey voted to proceed with an agreement for the Host Marriott Corporation to cede the property where the Marriott Hotel stood, and clear the southwest edge of the 16-acre trade center site for redevelopment as a memorial. (New York Times)

Visions for Tower Clash at Trade Center Site - Oct 23, 2003
Only 10 months before groundbreaking is expected to take place for the Freedom Tower at the World Trade Center site, the master planner of the site and the architect for the tower's developer, who are supposed to be collaborating, have reached an impasse on how the skyscraper should look. (New York Times)

Libeskind Storms Out Of WTC Meeting - Oct 23, 2003
Ground Zero master planner Daniel Libeskind stormed out of a meeting about the design of the site's Freedom Tower, threatening to break up his collaboration with the project's lead architect, David Childs. (New York Post)

Test Runs of PATH Train Stop at WTC - Oct 23, 2003
A PATH train, carrying only a conductor and an engineer, zipped under the Hudson River and eased into a bare-bones station at Ground Zero yesterday. The commuter train came to a stop at 1:42 p.m. - weeks ahead of schedule. There was no fanfare. No political speeches. But the moment foreshadowed a significant triumph in the long, hard recovery of lower Manhattan. (New York Daily News)

65,000 call for special 9/11 honors - Oct 22, 2003
A group pushing for special recognition for rescue workers at the Ground Zero memorial brought petitions signed by 65,000 people to Gov. Pataki's midtown office yesterday. Leaders of the group, Advocates for a 9/11 Fallen Heroes Memorial, said they hope that the governor will influence the 13-member panel choosing the memorial design to include separate recognition for firefighters and police officers. (New York Daily News)

Silverstein Gets Another Week To Resolve Dispute - Oct 22, 2003
World Trade Center leaseholder Larry Silverstein has another week to resolve a dispute with GMAC Commercial Mortgage Corp., which lent him $563 million to lease the Twin Towers site. Tuesday, Manhattan State Supreme Court Justice Herman Cahn extended the negotiation period, a month after giving Silverstein and the Port Authority, which owns the trade center site, until Tuesday to settle with GMAC. (Newsday)

An Architect's Grand Vision for a Trade Center Transit Hub - Oct 22, 2003
In hiring Santiago Calatrava to design the new transit hub at the World Trade Center, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey thought large. And in his first public words about the project, Mr. Calatrava made it clear that he, too, would think large - on the scale of Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station. Old Pennsylvania Station. (New York Times)

Community Board Postpones Decision on 9/11 Street Names - Oct 22, 2003
Faced with a heart-wrenching request from family members, Community Board 1 officials decided last week to postpone any decisions on renaming area streets for Sept. 11 victims until plans for the World Trade Center memorial are announced. (Downtown Express)

Council Says Patriot Act Threatens Liberties - Oct 21, 2003
The City Council is attacking the federal Patriot Act as downright unpatriotic. A resolution backed by 29 of the 50 Council members contends the act threatens "fundamental rights and liberties." The Patriot Act, passed after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks, granted federal agents sweeping powers to use wiretaps, conduct electronic and computer eavesdropping and access private financial data. (New York Daily News)

Many People Who Spent Months At Ground Zero Have Respiratory Ailments - Oct 21, 2003
Thousands of people who are not cops or firefighters but who toiled at ground zero are now sick, even disabled, from asthma, chronic infections, and other respiratory illnesses. These conditions, some experts maintain, were caused by the ³crud² - the mixture of dust, ash, fumes from burning plastic, pulverized concrete, and vaporized human remains around ground zero. (New York Magazine)

Libeskind Planning to Time Release of Memoir to 9/11/04 - Oct 20, 2003
World Trade Center master planner Daniel Libeskind wants to time the release of his memoir to the third anniversary of the 9/11 terror attack - and in a proposal circulated to editors suggests tying the book's promotion to other Ground Zero events. (New York Post)

PATH train WTC stop to reopen Nov. 23 - Oct 19, 2003
The PATH station at the World Trade Center site will reopen in late November, the Daily News has learned. Port Authority spokesman Steve Coleman would not confirm or deny the Nov. 23 opening date. But he noted the resumption of service to the WTC site will benefit tens of thousands from New Jersey who work in lower Manhattan. (New York Daily News)

New York City to Extend Lease on Airports - Oct 16, 2003
Ending a feud that has lasted nearly a decade, Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced yesterday that New York City would extend its lease of La Guardia and Kennedy Airports to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey until 2050 in exchange for a $700 million upfront payment and a steep increase in annual rents. The agreement formally ended talks of a so-called land swap in which the city was to have traded the land under the two airports, which it owns, to the Port Authority in exchange for the World Trade Center site, which the authority owns. (New York Times)

Fire Dept. Drill on Bioterror Is Set for Today - Oct 15, 2003
The Fire Department will simulate its response to a bioterror attack today on Staten Island, conducting practice smallpox vaccine inoculations on every firefighter and emergency service worker in the borough. In reality, the estimated 700 emergency workers participating will get their annual flu shots, but the exercise is meant to test how quickly members could be vaccinated in the event of an outbreak. (New York Times)

Whitehead Says Liberty Bonds WonÂąt be Wasted Downtown - Oct 15, 2003
The chairperson of the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. said last week that he thinks tax-free Liberty Bonds will be needed to build the proposed offices at the World Trade Center site and there are not enough bonds to cover all of the office demand in Lower Manhattan. (Downtown Express)

EPA Delays Release of Lead Tests - Oct 15, 2003
The Environmental Protection Agency says it is not ready to release its findings on the post-9/11 toxin tests the agency conducted in 250 Lower Manhattan apartments, although community members are concerned after obtaining what appears to be raw data from the tests. (Downtown Express)

Port Presents Plans for PATH Hub at W.T.C. - Oct 15, 2003
The Port Authority began the environmental review process to build a transportation hub at the World Trade Center site last week and officials said nothing less than downtownÂąs future prosperity was hanging in the balance. (Downtown Express)

Winter Garden Visitors Confused Over Plans - Oct 15, 2003
Although tourists continue to view the World Trade Center site from the Winter GardenÂąs expansive second-floor picture windows, many do not know that the memorial has not been selected yet, thinking it was already part of the selected site plan of Daniel Libeskind. (Downtown Express)

On Columbus Day, President Praises 9/11 Hero - Oct 14, 2003
President Bush marked Columbus Day yesterday by remembering New York City Fire Chief Peter Ganci, saying his death in the World Trade Center as he evacuated his men embodied the Italian-American spirit. In brief remarks at the White House, Bush said the sons and daughters of Italy "take special pride in the deep tradition of service to this country." (New York Daily News)

Libeskind Writing a Memoir - Oct 14, 2003
World Trade Center master planner Daniel Libeskind is shopping a book proposal for his memoirs - and he promises to donate a portion of the proceeds to the children of 9/11 victims. The proposal, under the working title "Foundations of Optimism," began landing on editors' desks last week. Libeskind, 57, has already started writing the book, his agent, Scott Mendel, said. (New York Post)

Critics: World Trade Center Plan Is Just Too Dense - Oct 13, 2003
If the World Trade Center master plan were subject to New York City zoning rules, critics say, the bulk of the site with its four towers on three square blocks would far exceed allowable density limits. (Newsday)

Handyman Leaves $1.4M To City - Oct 11, 2003
Come spring, plans for new ball fields will be under way and thousands more daffodils will bloom in city parks and street medians, thanks to a Minnesota handyman who left $1.4 million in life savings to the city after the Sept. ll, 2001, terrorist attacks. Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe said Friday that nearly $1 million of the bequest from the late Joseph Temeczko of Minneapolis, a Polish immigrant who was in his 80s and died two years ago this month, is earmarked for ballfields. (Newsday)

WTC Tower Will Now Top 2,000 Feet - Oct 10, 2003
Ground Zero's signature Freedom Tower will soar above 2,000 feet - well beyond the previously announced height of 1,776 feet - under a revised design being worked on by architect Daniel Libeskind, a rebuilding official said yesterday. (New York Post)

Memorial Finalists Selected, But Not Revealed - Oct 10, 2003
The jury picking a memorial for the World Trade Center site has selected a group of finalists from among 5,200 submissions, and the designers have been asked to begin refining their ideas. Development officials yesterday refused to discuss details of the competition and would say only that the public will see a number of designs in the "coming weeks." (New York Post)

Pataki Wants Insurance Settled So Trade Center Work Can Begin - Oct 10, 2003
Gov. George E. Pataki is attempting to forge a settlement between the developer Larry A. Silverstein and his insurers in their long-running battle over how much money will be available to rebuild the World Trade Center. With a revised master plan for the 16-acre site now in hand and a recent setback in Mr. Silverstein's legal case, downtown executives say that Governor Pataki wants the issue resolved quickly so that rebuilding can proceed without more money being squandered on lawyers. (New York Times)

Details Emerge on Post-9/11 Clash Between White House and EPA - Oct 10, 2003
Tensions between the Environmental Protection Agency and the White House Council on Environmental Quality over informing the public about air safety after the collapse of the World Trade Center may well have been greater than revealed in a report issued by the E.P.A.'s inspector general in August, according to newly released documents. (New York Times)

Grasso's Place on LMDC Board Questioned - Oct 10, 2003
Richard Grasso was ousted last month as the head of the New York Stock Exchange, and now his place on the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. board is in question. (Newsday)

New Campaign to Prepare Schools In Case of Terrorism - Oct 9, 2003
The Bloomberg administration is launching a new campaign to educate parents and school staffers on what to do in the case of a terrorist attack or other emergencies, The Post has learned. Schools Chancellor Joel Klein's office of school safety and planning is using $890,000 in federal funds to set up the emergency preparedness training program - including posting information on the Department of Education's Web site and producing CD-ROMs and videos. (New York Post)

Fire Commissioner Calls for Special Recognition in Memorial - Oct 9, 2003
Before a somber audience, Fire Commissioner Nicholas Scoppetta repeated his call yesterday for special recognition for firefighters at the planned Ground Zero memorial. Scoppetta spoke in front of a sea of blue uniformed firefighters gathered for the annual memorial service at the Firemen's Monument on Riverside Drive at W. 100th St. (New York Daily News)

Council Introduces Downtown Pollution Reduction Bill - Oct 9, 2003
At a City Council hearing last week, the Environmental Protection Agency urged the passage of a bill that would mandate the use of clean air technology for vehicles rebuilding the World Trade Center site. Under the proposed law, construction equipment Downtown, including the WTC site, would have to use ultra low sulfur diesel fuel and special technology to reduce emissions. (Downtown Express)

WTC Firehouse Will Welcome Firefighters Back - Oct 9, 2003
The firehouse across the street from the former World Trade Center site may welcome its firefighters back by the end of this month, a member of Engine Company 10 said on Monday. (Downtown Express)

Wrangle Over Downtown Rebuild Funds - Oct 8, 2003
The chairman of the agency overseeing downtown revitalization took a shot at the Bloomberg administration in a growing feud over $2 billion in tax-free bonds earmarked for rebuilding after Sept. 11, 2001. Mayor Bloomberg wants to use the federally subsidized bonds to build office and residential buildings around the city. But last week, Lower Manhattan Development Corp. boss John Whitehead sent a memo to board members showing at least a dozen sites near Ground Zero where new office towers could be built using the tax-exempt Liberty Bonds. (New York Daily News)

What's In a Name? For the WTC, a Lot. - Oct 8, 2003
There are 93 World Trade Centers worldwide. So what bearing, if any, does this fact have on establishing the name of the trade center currently under development in downtown Manhattan? This was one of the questions raised at "Starting at Zero: Reinventing the Identity of the World Trade Center Site," a panel discussion held Sept. 24 at the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT) in New York. The purpose of the event, which was sponsored by the American Institute of Graphic Arts, New York Chapter, was to reflect on the issues around the moniker of the sixteen-acre Ground Zero site; consider how the site's identity can be rebuilt; and most of all, think about how a name had the power to reflect our views of the city. (Metropolis )

U.S. Convicts 2 in 9/11 Swindle of $350,000 in Business Relief - Oct 7, 2003
A jury in Federal District Court in Manhattan has convicted two men of defrauding government and private programs and stealing hundreds of thousands of dollars in aid meant for people and businesses hurt by the Sept. 11 terrorist attack. (New York Times)

WTC Legal Battle Costs Larry Silverstein $100 Million - Oct 7, 2003
Larry Silverstein has spent close to $100 million so far on the mammoth legal battle with his Twin Towers insurers - and has told officials he needs another $80 million a year to pay for lawyers and other expenses, according to court papers and other sources (New York Post)

Report Fuels Fear That City Won't Get All of Promised 9/11 Aid - Oct 6, 2003
New York officials have long worried that the city will get billions of dollars less in federal aid to rebuild Lower Manhattan than the $21.4 billion President Bush promised after the 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center. Although the White House, Gov. George E. Pataki and Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg have dismissed those concerns, a new report by the General Accounting Office is helping to increase them. (New York Times)

M.T.A. to Include 19th Century Building in Downtown Transit Hub - Oct 3, 2003
In planning the enormous Fulton Street Transit Center on Broadway, between Fulton and John Streets, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority has agreed to preserve the 115-year-old Corbin Building at 11 John Street and, if it proves possible, incorporate it into the station. (New York Times)

Man Convicted of 9/11 Aid Fraud - Oct 2, 2003
A man who tried to swindle thousands of dollars out of a 9/11 aid program for lower Manhattan residents was slapped with a $2,000 fine and sentenced to community service, officials said yesterday. (New York Post)

Celebrated Architects Join WTC Team - Oct 2, 2003
"Ground Zero is set to become a Hall of Fame for the all-stars of contemporary architecture now that developer Larry Silverstein has named three of the worldÂąs most celebrated architects to design massive towers to line the perimeter of the site. London-based Lord Norman Foster, of Foster and Partners; Tokyo-based Fumihiko Maki, of Maki and Associates; and Jean Nouvel, of Ateliers Jean Nouvel in Paris will design towers ringing the memorial site planned for the southwest corner of the new World Trade Center, if Mr. Silverstein has his way," writes Tom McGeveran in the Observer. (New York Observer)

'World-Class' Architects Picked for WTC Buildings - Oct 1, 2003
World Trade Center leaseholder Larry Silverstein named a trio of renowned architects yesterday - including Lord Norman Foster, who tried for the main Twin Towers site design - to create designs for the five office buildings at Ground Zero. British architect Foster, Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki and French architect Jean Nouvel will work with Silverstein architect David Childs. (Newsday)

White House to Help Review Downtown Air Quality After 9/11 - Oct 1, 2003
The White House has agreed to work with Congress and independent environment experts to review the quality of air in lower Manhattan immediately after the Sept. 11 attacks, Sen. Hillary Clinton said yesterday. The review will seek to determine whether air near Ground Zero was safe to breathe and whether toxins continue to linger in buildings near the attack site. (New York Daily News)

Retail Returns to Liberty Street - Oct 1, 2003
Just south of ground zero, Liberty St. is getting ready for its closeup. Workers hang signs and dust countertops as merchants prepare to return for the first time in more than two years to storefronts facing the former World Trade Center site. It is a bittersweet homecoming for some. (Downtown Express)

Rebuilding NYC October 2002


City Council Issues Report on Downtown Greenmarket - Oct 31, 2002
Among the myriad ideas for how best to develop the former site of the World Trade Center and revitalize the downtown economy, add marketplace. A study issued last week examines the feasibility of several types of markets, ultimately suggesting a 42,000 square foot market hall be built as part of the WTC redevelopment project. (Downtown Express)

9/11 Families Enter GA Senate Race - Oct 31, 2002
A group of Sept. 11 victims' families has entered a tight U.S. Senate contest in Georgia - running ads against one candidate, charging he doesn't back a sweeping probe into the attacks. (New York Daily News)

Small Firm Figures In LMDC's Plans - Oct 31, 2002
While six teams of world-renowned architects were hired to develop new visions for the World Trade Center site to great acclaim, a seventh team is quietly developing its own plans for the site. The two-person firm of Peterson/Littenberg Architecture & Urban Design, hired in May to serve as in-house architects to the Lower Manhattan Development Corp., will draw up plans using the same guidelines as its competitors. (Newsday)

WTC Planners Taking International Memorial Tour - Oct 30, 2002
City officials, civic leaders and Sept. 11 victims' families are heading to Europe to look at how cities abroad planned rebuilding efforts - and created memorials. The 50-person trip will come a month after lower Manhattan planners toured memorials around the U.S. (New York Daily News)

Student Caught With 9/11 Hero's FDNY Parking Permit - Oct 30, 2002
A Pace University student was arrested yesterday for stealing the FDNY parking permit of a legendary firefighter who died on Sept. 11, officials said. Fire marshals caught Vadim Reznikov, 20, near the university - which is across from City Hall - after noticing the stolen permit on his car, officials said. (New York Post)

Despite 9/11, Survey Finds NYC Best City to Visit - Oct 30, 2002
Despite the terror attacks, this is the best U.S. city to visit, according to a Zagat survey to be released today. Zagat, best known for its restaurant guide, said New York took 41% of consumer votes, and second-place San Francisco received 23%, with Los Angeles a distant third at 10%. (New York Daily News)

New Yorkers Among Pentagon Design Finalists - Oct 30, 2002
When they learned of the competition to design a memorial at the Pentagon, Brooklyn architects Edwin Zawadzki and Mason Wickham finally found a way to assist in the recovery after Sept. 11. The Fort Greene couple and two other New York City teams have been named finalists in the Pentagon memorial competition, three of six chosen from 1,126 eligible submissions to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. (Newsday)

Material from 9/11 Insurance Case Shows a Graphic Look at Towers' Collapse - Oct 29, 2002
Last week, a federal judge in the World Trade Center insurance case made it clear that he had no objection to the public release of a trove of material, including videotape, compact discs, witness accounts, mathematical analyses and high-tech imagery. Taken together, the dozens of boxes represent the largest single repository of raw data and expert analysis on the Sept. 11 attack in Lower Manhattan, dwarfing the analysis compiled by the government in its first examination of how and why the towers collapsed. (New York Times)

9/11 Family Member Appears in Nassau Political Ad - Oct 29, 2002
The father of a World Trade Center victim who has made tighter immigration controls a personal quest will appear in a televised political advertisement this week, endorsing a Nassau County Republican candidate for Congress. Political analysts and officials of both parties said they believed this was the first time a family member of a Sept. 11 victim has been used so directly in a partisan campaign. (New York Times)

9/11 Storefront Memorial Moved to New York Historical Society - Oct 29, 2002
A time capsule from Sept. 11, 2001, the last memorial to stand as testimony to what was left when the smoke lifted at the World Trade Center, was removed yesterday by a team of experts in respirators and hazardous-materials suits. The Chelsea Jeans memorial, a glassed-in collection of dust-covered, flag-bearing Ralph Lauren sweaters and Levi's jeans, was painstakingly dismantled, and workers began moving it to the New-York Historical Society. (New York Times)

List of 9/11 Transit Projects Sent to Washington - Oct 29, 2002
The first batch of lower Manhattan transit projects to be paid for with post-9/11 federal aid has been quietly sent to Washington for approval, sources said yesterday. The transit wish list was compiled after months of sometimes contentious meetings among the Port Authority, Lower Manhattan Development Corp., state and city transportation officials and elected leaders, including Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.). (New York Daily News)

DNA Test On Hold for WTC Victims - Oct 29, 2002
A groundbreaking genetic procedure expected to identify the remains of more victims of the World Trade Center attacks is still being scrutinized for approval by the city. The medical examiner's office had hoped to start using the testing method, which looks at tiny variations in the smallest building blocks of DNA, as early as last month. But the medical examiner is still trying to perfect the test. (New York Daily News)

Parents And Teachers Oppose Office Tower Near Ground Zero School - Oct 29, 2002
Fearing more terrorist attacks, parents and educators have spoken out against construction of a 32-story corporate tower next to an elementary school near Ground Zero. PS 234, on Greenwich Street between Chambers and Warren streets, is about five blocks from where the Twin Towers stood. Students and staff fled for their lives when the skyscrapers toppled. (New York Post)

Port Authority, City May Clash Over Rebuilding Office Space - Oct 28, 2002
A new set of guidelines for Ground Zero, meant to reduce square footage on the site, has set the battle lines for a potentially bitter real-estate fight between the Port Authority and the city. With pressure growing to peel office space from the trade center, the authority has insisted that any reduction below 10 million square feet be made up by allowing the agency to build elsewhere in lower Manhattan. But city officials are adamantly opposed to letting the bistate agency extend its reach beyond the 16 acres of Ground Zero. (New York Post)

Intrepid Museum Gives Memorial for 9/11 Hero Dog - Oct 28, 2002
The golden retriever whose World Trade Center heroics earned him a citation in The Guinness Book of Records was honored at a memorial service yesterday at the Intrepid Museum. (New York Post)

Study Faults Bolts in WTC Collapse - Oct 27, 2002
Single-bolt connections in the framework of the World Trade Center's Twin Towers contributed to their collapse in the Sept. 11 attacks, according to the findings of a team of top engineers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (New York Post)

9/11 Aid Forms Are Becoming Minibiographies of the Dead - Oct 26, 2002
For many people, applying to the federal Victim Compensation Fund figured to be something of a clinical exercise, a statistical blur in which thousands of families would compute the lost earnings of loved ones who died on 9/11, then wait for the government to mail out checks. But for many families and friends of victims, and lawyers who did not even know them, the application process has given the create intimate minibiographies about the dead, based on interviews, photos or videotapes. For the families, the most important motivation to assemble these narratives may not be the push for more compensation, though they certainly may have that effect. Instead, the real value may lie in their timeless and therapeutic resonance in telling the full story of life, love and loss beyond cold, raw numbers. (New York Times)

Ground Zero Couple Sue Port Authority for $20 Million - Oct 26, 2002
A couple who live two blocks from Ground Zero sued the Port Authority for $20 million yesterday, saying they fear they may get lung cancer from the soot and ash they breathed for a year. (New York Post)

Airport-Related Business Here Hit Hard by 9/11, Costing 10,000 Jobs - Oct 25, 2002
Since the World Trade Center attacks, La Guardia and Kennedy Airports have suffered larger economic losses than most other major hub airports in the country, a new study by the Center for an Urban Future has found. Those losses permeate almost every aspect of the two airports' business, from cargo and passenger traffic to hotel vacancies, and have caused the elimination of 16.5 percent --10,000 jobs--of all airport-related jobs in the city since 9/11. That is by far the largest percentage loss of any industry in the city, including the securities industry, which has lost 9 percent of its jobs since then. (New York Times)

Buildings With Code Violations Rejected From 9/11 Residential Grant Program - Oct 25, 2002
Anyone who lives in an apartment near Ground Zero and hopes to cash in on a $281 million federal grant program had better make sure the building is up to code. Lower Manhattan redevelopment officials are rejecting or deferring grant applications from tenants in nearly 200 buildings because of outstanding fire and building-code violations. (New York Daily News)

Critics: 9/11 Aid Program Unfair - Oct 25, 2002
City advocacy groups and congressional representatives are looking at ways to improve a federal 9/11 assistance program that they say is floundering. The Individual and Family Grants program falls short of meeting applicants needs, Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-Manhattan) said at a news conference. The grants average $1,039 in individual aid, less than half of what similar disaster programs elsewhere provide - and the New York program's arduous application process and short deadlines keep aid from many who need it, Maloney said. (New York Post)

Planners Urge Decisions on Downtown - Oct 24, 2002
Last night, a half-dozen chairmen and chairwomen of the New York City Planning Commission, past and present, whose experience goes back to the days before the World Trade Center was built, said that the planning process in Lower Manhattan must begin showing results soon if it is to counter the very real threat that downtown could lose the financial-service industry, its economic backbone. (New York Times)

Officials Seek Changes in Rules for Sept. 11 Business Program - Oct 24, 2002
Businesses that were in the World Trade Center should get more money than other businesses from a program granting relief from the Sept. 11 terrorist attack, a group of officials said yesterday. Under the current rules for the aid plan, called the World Trade Center Business Recovery Grant Program, small businesses that were in the trade center when it was destroyed are treated the same as small businesses on the blocks around them, the officials said as they called publicly for different rules for the program. (New York Times)

FEMA Gives Schools $80.5M Grant - Oct 23, 2002
Yesterday, the Federal Emergency Management Agency gave a grant of $80.5 million to city schools. FEMA responded to local elected officials who had appealed for the assistance. The money is to be used to add 15 hours of instruction for students throughout the city and 30 hours for students in lower Manhattan who remained out of school for several days after the terrorist attack, said Schools Chancellor Joel Klein. (Newsday)

Apartments Tested Downtown Are Ruled Free of Asbestos - Oct 23, 2002
The vast majority of the apartments in Lower Manhattan that have been cleaned and tested over the last few months had no asbestos contamination from World Trade Center dust, federal Environmental Protection Agency officials said yesterday in releasing the first results from the cleanup program. (New York Times)

Families: Return Ash at Fresh Kills Landfill to WTC - Oct 23, 2002
Relatives of people lost in the Sept. 11 attack told a City Council panel yesterday that government officials should collect dust and ash taken to the Fresh Kills landfill during the recovery and return it to the World Trade Center site as part of a future memorial. (Newsday)

Comparing 2 Sets of Towers: In NYC and Kuala Lumpur - Oct 22, 2002
Charles H. Thornton, one of the world's most renowned engineers, has been both asking and answering the question that most have carefully avoided: could another building have stood longer than the twin towers did, let more people escape or perhaps never collapsed? In statements that some experts see as bold and others as self-serving, Thornton has argued that at least two enormous buildings would have withstood the Sept. 11 attacks far better than the World Trade Center towers did: the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, the world's tallest buildings and, in a structural sense, alter egos of the trade center. (New York Times)

Expert Report Disputes U.S. on Trade Center Collapse - Oct 22, 2002
Experts commissioned in a $4 billion insurance case involving the World Trade Center have come to conclusions that fundamentally contradict a federal investigation into what caused the twin towers to collapse. The new analysis, according to several experts who have examined the confidential findings, holds that the unusual engineering design of the towers did not contribute to the collapses, and that the damage caused by the planes and the resulting fires made the failures of the buildings inevitable. (New York Times)

Federal Government Giving $700 Million Less in 9/11 Aid - Oct 22, 2002
Remember that $21.4 billion in federal aid New York was promised after the Sept. 11 attacks? Well, subtract about $700 million. It was quietly taken off the books by the White House and Congress in recent months. (New York Daily News)

Governor Criticizes Wall Street Relocation Plan - Oct 22, 2002
Gov. Pataki vowed to do everything in his power to kill a doomsday plan drafted by federal regulators that could force the flight of thousands of Wall Street jobs. Authored by the Federal Reserve Board, Securities and Exchange Commission and Office of the Controller of the Currency, the plan urged 15 to 20 major banks and five to 10 major securities firms - most of which have headquarters or key operations here - to consider relocating backup sites as much as 200 to 300 miles out of town. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Mental-Health Funding for City Schools Stalls - Oct 22, 2002
Students haunted by the terror attacks will have to wait for extra mental-health counseling as the feds and the state dawdle in getting money to city schools. So far, the Federal Emergency Management Agency has distributed up $8.9 million of the $40 million that school officials deem necessary to deal with the emotional fallout from Sept. 11, according to Education Department records. (New York Daily News)

Federal Disaster Proposal Could Cost City Billions - Oct 21, 2002
Fears of another major attack on New York City could force the exodus of thousands of Wall Street jobs and billions of tax dollars if a doomsday plan quietly drafted by federal regulators takes effect, the city's business leaders say. The disaster contingency plan could push as many as two dozen major banks and securities companies to their backup operations as much as 200 to 300 miles out of town. (New York Daily News)

New York Times Book Review: 'American Ground' - Oct 20, 2002
William Langewiesche's book "American Ground" is a "slim but powerful account of the dismantling of the wreckage of the World Trade Center," writes Jeffrey Goldberg in the New York Times today. The book's strengths are its use of the "truth, unclouded by sentiment," and "capacity to surprise: it is a work of original reporting, and its pages are filled with astonishing observations." (New York Times)

Family Business Still Waiting to Reopen Downtown - Oct 20, 2002
More than a year after terrorists struck the World Trade Center, two of James Costalas' businesses have closed for good. The Costalas family, who have run a business in lower Manhattan for four decades, is still unable to reopen their remaining one, a takeout food shop and cafeteria called the Food Exchange at 112 Liberty Street. The shuttered row of shops sits in the shadow of an overhead platform, built to protect pedestrians during the repair and cleaning of the buildings after the fires and collapses across the street had damaged and contaminated them. (New York Times)

Violations by Buildings May Delay Tenant Grants - Oct 20, 2002
Residents of nearly 200 apartment buildings in Lower Manhattan could find their applications for Sept. 11-related housing grants denied or delayed because of outstanding violations of building or fire codes, according to officials of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. (New York Times)

Workers Injured on 9/11 Not Getting Compensation - Oct 20, 2002
Hundreds of workers who claim injuries from the World Trade Center attacks or aftermath have been having difficulty obtaining workers' compensation benefits, according to physicians and lawyers who work with them. (Newsday)

Dangerous Side Affects to 9/11 Antidepressant - Oct 20, 2002
A popular antidepressant drug widely prescribed to New Yorkers affected by the Sept. 11 attacks could trigger suicidal thoughts and cause severe withdrawal problems in some patients, experts say. Paroxetine, marketed in the U.S. as Paxil, is prescribed for those suffering depression, panic attacks, anxiety and post-traumatic stress. But some experts say the top-selling drug may increase the risk of suicidal or violent behavior in some patients when they start using it. (New York Post)

9/11 Families Upset That Landfill Could Be Final Resting Place - Oct 20, 2002
Diane Horning won't allow the ashes of her son and other Sept. 11 victims to be treated "like garbage." She was stunned recently to discover that soil and ashes containing cremated remains of many killed on 9/11 remain at the Fresh Kills landfill. They have been covered with dirt and sprinkled with grass seed. Horning and her family are leading a drive to return the remains to what she and others believe is their rightful resting place: Ground Zero. (New York Post)

U.S. to Give New York Schools $80 Million in Sept. 11 Aid - Oct 19, 2002
New York City schools will receive an $80 million reimbursement from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, to cover lost instruction time after the terrorist attack of Sept. 11, 2001, an official familiar with the discussions said yesterday. (New York Times)

Sept. 11 Altered New York's Political Landscape - Oct 19, 2002
On September 11, 2001, the political landscape in New York changed in an instant, just like everything else. Gov. George Pataki suspended primary voting. It would resume two weeks later. By then, term-limited Mayor Rudolph Giuliani had become a hero to his battered city and beyond. The approval ratings for Pataki, constantly at the mayor's side, soared. (Associated Press)

City Runs Fifth Disaster Drill - Oct 18, 2002
Mayor Bloomberg and more than 40 city, state and federal officials put their heads together at the Con Edison Learning Center in Queens yesterday to figure out how the city would respond to a radioactive bombing. This was the fifth mock disaster hosted by the Mayor's Office of Emergency Management. Others have focused on bioterror attacks and coastal storms. (New York Daily News)

After 9/11 U.S. Customs Service Avoids Tall Buildings - Oct 18, 2002
The U.S. Customs Service, which lost its home at 6 World Trade Center on Sept. 11, has not moved back downtown because its employees are now reluctant to work in tall buildings. At a City Council subcommittee yesterday, Customs brass said they were "avoiding high-rise office space." (New York Daily News)

McCall: Pataki Using 9/11 to 'Divert Attention' From Problems - Oct 18, 2002
Carl McCall yesterday made Sept. 11 a campaign issue - accusing Gov. Pataki of using the trade center attacks "to divert attention" from other problems facing the state. (New York Post)

9/11 Family Members: New Guidelines Give Back Seat to Memorial - Oct 18, 2002
Relatives of World Trade Center victims are speaking out against the new guidelines for the rebuilding of Ground Zero - fearing a memorial to their loved ones continues to take a back seat to commercial development. (New York Post)

Transit Hub Plans May Raze Broadway Buildings - Oct 17, 2002
A plan to build a new Fulton Transit Center to better connect downtown subway lines may include razing some buildings on Broadway. Merchants on a commercial stretch of Broadway near ground zero expressed their dismay last week at a transit proposal to raze their block to make room for a renovated subway complex at the Broadway/Nassau St./Fulton St. station. (Downtown Express)

3 Plazas Could Border WTC Site - Oct 17, 2002
Three new public spaces could be created along the edge of Ground Zero within the next five years under a preliminary concept being put together by a prominent architect hired by the Port Authority. The inviting open areas would take in 7 World Trade Center, St. Paul's Chapel and 1 Liberty Plaza, helping to reconnect the disaster site to the rest of the city. (New York Daily News)

New Medical Aid for 9/11 Workers - Oct 17, 2002
Hundreds of workers and volunteers injured at Ground Zero will receive ongoing treatment through Health for Heroes, a new program at Mount Sinai Medical Center. The treatment is being funded by a $1 million grant from the Bear Sterns Charitable Foundation. (New York Daily News)

Anti-terror Shop Opens Downtown - Oct 17, 2002
In what might be considered a sign of the times, a boutique selling anti-terror gear opens today a few blocks from Ground Zero. The Nassau Street store, known as "Safer America," is being touted as the "first anti-terrorism store in America." (Newsday)

Fire Dept. Retiree Campaigns for Skyscraper Safety - Oct 17, 2002
Retired deputy fire chief Vincent Dunn has wound up in the center of a campaign calling for fire safety improvements in the city's skyscrapers. (New York Times)

Debate Over Atlantic Monthly Author's Ground Zero Account - Oct 16, 2002
On Tuesday, Oct. 15, North Point Press, an imprint of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, shipped out copies of American Ground: Unbuilding the World Trade Center, by journalist William Langewiesche, an account of the cleanup at Ground Zero by the only reporter granted unrestricted access to the site. But just in time to complicate the publication of this otherwise highly praised book, an unlikely protester named Rhonda Roland Shearer has appeared. Ms. Shearer, a 48-year-old artist and the widow of the Harvard paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould, is on a personal crusade to debunk LangewiescheÕs reportage, derail his Pulitzer hopes, and see the book recalled and destroyed. (New York Observer)

With No Single Leader, Rebuilding Officials Fight Private Battles - Oct 16, 2002
The public controversy swirling around the World Trade Center design process is nothing compared to the growing bickering behind closed doors. The lack of a definitive leader has created competing lines of authority, complete with personal and bureaucratic animosities, sources said. (New York Daily News)

Battery Park City "Green" Building May be a Sign of Downtown's Future - Oct 15, 2002
20 River Terrace, begun early last year just a few blocks from the World Trade Center, was to be the world's most environmentally correct residential high-rise, its developers said Ă‘ an air-purified, solar-paneled monument to the marriage of mother earth and technological gee-whiz. Now as construction resumes after a 10-month break during the cleanup of ground zero, the 27-story tower has become even more than the sum of its ambitions, builders and environmentalists say. (New York Times)

Threat of Deportation Is Eased for Husband of a 9/11 Victim - Oct 15, 2002
An illegal immigrant who faced deportation after he lost his wife in the World Trade Center attack will most likely be allowed to stay in this country with his two sons, Senator Charles E. Schumer said yesterday. (New York Times)

Brooklyn Battery Decks Could Be Used for Apartments - Oct 15, 2002
Downtown planners may build a deck over the entrance ramp to the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, reclaiming the space for apartment buildings. Decking over the tunnel entrance and exit ramps - and replacing the Battery parking garage - would make usable some three square blocks that could eventually hold more than 1,000 apartments, said sources familiar with the idea. (New York Post)

Firehouse Memorial Honors Its Heroes - Oct 14, 2002
Made with granite, stained glass and love, a memorial to 10 firefighters from Engine 8/Ladder 2 who died in the terrorist attack now fills their midtown firehouse. Relatives of the 10 men broke into applause seeing the 9-foot-high memorial and then wiped away tears as they placed single red roses upon it. This scene was repeated in many of the city's 75 firehouses during the FDNY's weekend dedicated to its fallen. (New York Daily News)

Lessons From A Memorial Tour - Oct 13, 2002
Officials who toured memorial sites last week learned about remembering the little things. The five-day, five-city tour of 18 memorials early this month both startled and comforted the officials and the relatives, giving them, they said, fresh perspectives on their efforts to create a memorial to the victims of Sept. 11. (New York Times)

Firefighters Honor Fallen - Oct 13, 2002
A ceremony at Madison Square Garden yesterday honored the memories of the 343 firefighters who died on September 11, 2001. The memorial service included all those lost since November 2000 and included a 6 1/2 minute standing ovation from the crowd. (Newsday)

Immigrant Families Face 9/11 Mystery - Oct 13, 2002
With persistence and swabs of DNA, Rosario Arrazola is trying to piece together the life of her husband and prove he died at the World Trade Center. The woman, from Tlachichuca, Mexico, is among a handful of Latin American family members who say their missing loved ones were lost while working in or near the Twin Towers -- but left no trace here because, as undocumented immigrants, they led lives cloaked in silence. (Newsday)

Architects Get WTC Site Plans - Oct 12, 2002
Six teams of architects set off Friday on an eight-week course to plan the future layout of the World Trade Center site, as officials released a new set of program requirements, including a range of office space and a large transit station at Fulton and Greenwich Streets. The teams received a day-long briefing Friday from officials and a tour of Ground Zero. (Newsday)

Debate Rages Over Transit Downtown - Oct 12, 2002
A pitched battle over the $4.55 billion set aside for transit in Lower Manhattan is already being waged behind the scenes, fueled by a debate that many say could determine the future of downtown: Should the money be spent only to improve the transit lines already there? Or should it also be used to bring in new train service, for the first time making downtown as accessible to suburban commuters as Midtown has always been? (New York Times)

Public Frustration Persists Over 9/11 Relief Program - Oct 12, 2002
Seizing a rare opportunity to confront officials with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, scores of Lower Manhattan residents expressed frustration and continuing anger yesterday over the relief agency's financial assistance programs for those affected by Sept. 11. In a forum at City Hall, the residents said FEMA had done a poor job of communicating timely and accurate information about eligibility criteria and guidelines. (New York Times)

Firefighters Rally for Wages - Oct 12, 2002
Thousands of soggy firefighters gathered in a muddy field in Central Park yesterday to demand a bigger pay raise from the city than the 11.5% offer their union rejected this week. Politicians, union leaders and celebrities such as Susan Sarandon, Denis Leary and Steve Buscemi invoked the sacrifice of 343 FDNY members in last year's terrorist attacks and repeatedly implored Mayor Bloomberg to come up with more money. (New York Daily News)

New WTC Airtrain Plan - Oct 11, 2002
Travelers could hop on a train at the World Trade Center and speed to Kennedy Airport, under an ambitious and costly proposal being considered by downtown planners, rebuilding officials said yesterday. The idea, under study by the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. and the city Planning Department, is part of a broader concept to market lower Manhattan as an "international center" that would draw companies wanting quick access to Kennedy and Newark airports. (New York Post)

Firefighters' Union Turns Down City's Pay Offer - Oct 11, 2002
New York's Bravest said "no" to the city's pay-raise offer yesterday, setting the stage for heated contract negotiations between firefighters and a city facing its most serious fiscal crisis in the aftermath of Sept. 11. (New York Post)

Chinatown Park, Ad Campaign Get 9/11 Grants - Oct 11, 2002
A Chinatown park and a marketing campaign to lure tourists downtown got the first grants yesterday from a $200 million federal program to help nonprofit groups near Ground Zero. (New York Daily News)

Rebuilding Official Sleeps Through Meeting - Oct 11, 2002
The World Trade Center design process has been lambasted as a giant snooze - and yesterday, it put a top official to sleep. A Lower Manhattan Development Corp. board member actually dozed off during early morning discussions about planning a permanent memorial to the victims of the Sept. 11 attacks. (New York Daily News)

Trinity Church Struggles With Memorial Fence - Oct 11, 2002
The Sept. 11 memorial fence surrounding St. Paul's chapel, while once lauded as a tapestry of love and support, is now being called an eyesore. The elements have dulled bright inks and softened new cloth into sagging rags. The fence, at a certain angle, could be mistaken for a camp for derelicts. The Trinity Church leaders, de facto caretakers of the tattered collection, are struggling with what to do with what started as an outpouring of grief and support. (New York Times)

LMDC: Fewer Offices, More Options in Planning for Ground Zero - Oct 10, 2002
Officials overseeing the rebuilding of Lower Manhattan agreed yesterday to give designers more flexibility in planning the future of the World Trade Center site, reducing by 40 percent the amount of the commercial space that must be included in plans for it. The new instructions are to be given tomorrow to six new teams of architects, artists and designers selected last month to work on innovative plans to rejuvenate the symbolic heart of the financial district. (New York Times)

WTC Site's Near Future Looks Alot Like Current Construction - Oct 10, 2002
Wrangling over long-range master planning Ă‘ commercial space, commuter rail links, the memorial itself Ă‘ has obscured the reality that the trade center site is being rebuilt now, without town hall meetings, architectural competitions or much public debate. The new PATH station and viewing wall being built right now will be the physical reality experienced for years by hundreds of thousands of visitors and workers in Lower Manhattan. (New York Times)

No Plans to Fix or Demolish Deutsche Bank - Oct 9, 2002
Across the street from ground zero, a 50-story, black-netted, damaged and contaminated building hovers over the site as well as the rest of the Lower Manhattan. No one has any idea what is going to happen to the building at 130 Liberty St., but executives working with the owners, Deutsche Bank, recently told Community Board 1 officials that even if the bank decides to demolish the building, it would take two years to do. (Downtown Express)

No More Discount Rents At 53 Park Pl - Oct 9, 2002
No one wanted to live at 53 Park Place. The ashes, construction, and tourists that filled Lower Manhattan in the aftermath of Sept. 11 caused the flight of 80 percent of the tenants who lived in this 12-story apartment complex, one of the closest residential buildings to the World Trade Center site. Discounted rent and a grant program for residents brought the first wave of tenants back to the buidling. But now, the owners of 53 Park Place are offering two-year leases, but at an increased rent. (Downtown Express)

Big Push on School 9/11 Aid - Oct 9, 2002
School officials are inching toward an agreement to win millions of dollars in post-Sept. 11 emergency funds - but congressional representatives aren't taking any chances that the cash won't come through. (New York Daily News)

Thousands Will Honor Fire Department's Dead - Oct 9, 2002
Tens of thousands of firefighters, some traveling from as far away as Ireland and Japan, are expected to fill Madison Square Garden and the surrounding blocks on Saturday as the Fire Department holds an official memorial service for members who died in the attack on the World Trade Center. (New York Times)

Citing 9/11, Appeals Court Upholds Secret Hearings - Oct 9, 2002
The federal appeals court in Philadelphia ruled yesterday that the Bush administration had acted lawfully in holding deportation hearings in secret based on its assertion that those detained might have links to terrorism. (New York Times)

After 9/11, City's Police and Fire Depts. Question a Central Command - Oct 9, 2002
The city's police and fire commissioners said at a City Council committee hearing that a central command system was not needed, and that neither department was qualified to seize control of the other. The statements, coming after a consultant's report told the city that a unified command was necessary in catastrophes as big as the World Trade Center attack. (New York Times)

Schumer Criticizes U.S. Customs on N.J. move - Oct 9, 2002
Sen. Chuck Schumer blasted the U.S. Customs Service yesterday for planning to move its operations out of lower Manhattan to create a new "international trade center" in Newark. (New York Daily News)

LMDC: Fewer Offices at Site - Oct 9, 2002
The Lower Manhattan Development Corp. expects "a substantial reduction" in office space required for the World Trade Center site to allow for less density and more freedom in redesigning the site, its president said yesterday. (Newsday)

Silverstein: Still Wants Entire WTC Office Space Rebuilt - Oct 9, 2002
World Trade Center leaseholder Larry Silverstein insisted yesterday that there is "an enormous need" to rebuild every inch of office and retail space destroyed by the terrorist attacks. (New York Daily News)

Downtown Transit Funds Spark Battle - Oct 9, 2002
A battle over federal funds for downtown transportation projects has broken out among City Hall, the Port Authority and the MTA - stalling key decisions on transit issues considered central to reviving lower Manhattan. (New York Post)

Small Businesses Just Outside Aid Boundaries Get Much Less - Oct 9, 2002
The World Trade Center Business Recovery Grant Program provides compensation for lost revenue to companies with up to 500 employees that are situated from 14th Street to the Battery. The highest compensation is given to businesses that were in the World Trade Center and have reopened elsewhere and those in the neighborhood closest to the site. However, the way the program has drawn its boundaries frustrates the businesses just outside them. (New York Times)

Hundreds of Downtown Residents Paid to Stay - Oct 8, 2002
Checks will go out this month to more than 300 downtown residents who were among the first to be approved for a series of federal grants aimed at keeping people in lower Manhattan, development officials said yesterday. (New York Post)

Lower Manhattan Residents Will Be Exempt From Tax on Aid - Oct 8, 2002
The Internal Revenue Service plans to exempt Lower Manhattan residents from most if not all taxes on government money given to them to stay in or move to the area, the office of Senator Charles Schumer said last night. A Schumer spokesman said, however, that the I.R.S. had not decided whether to exempt businesses near ground zero from taxes on government aid they receive or compensation for lost revenue related to the terrorist attack. (New York Times)

9/11 Victim Count Drops - Oct 8, 2002
The number of people listed as victims of the World Trade Center attack has dropped below 2,800, after three people were found alive and one duplication was cut from the names read at the anniversary ceremony, a city spokeswoman said yesterday. (Associated Press)

Borders to Return to Lower Manhattan With New Store - Oct 8, 2002
Borders Books and Music, whose flagship downtown store at the World Trade Center was destroyed in the attack last year, is returning to Lower Manhattan, where it signed a lease last week to open a store in a landmark building on Broadway. The Borders store was the largest single retail tenant at the World Trade Center complex and was one of the chain's highest grossing stores. (New York Times)

Underground Concourse Idea For Transit Hub Criticized - Oct 7, 2002
Ambitious plans for an underground concourse linking new downtown transit centers and the Hudson River have met with quiet but growing criticism that could doom what was once billed as a centerpiece of the rebuilding effort. "The glory of New York is the streets,"said Hugh Hardy, an architect who examined the concourse idea for the civic group New York New Visions. "These gruesome tunnels ought to be reimagined as public space, not just transportation connections." (New York Post)

Memorial Tour Yields Ideas For World Trade Center Site - Oct 7, 2002
A memorial first, a museum later. That was the suggestion of a special panel, which just returned from touring memorials around the country to help plan the future of the World Trade Center site. The group also looked at some of the practical pitfalls of memorial design, such as using material that wears away too quickly, and advised on the need to hear many voices and represent a variety of interests in selecting a jury to judge competing memorial designs. (New York Daily News)

Size Not Important For Memorial, Officials Say - Oct 7, 2002
The memorial to victims of the Sept. 11 terror attacks that rises at Ground Zero must be driven by the power and clarity of its message, and not the amount of land it stands on, rebuilding officials said. "The power of a memorial is not related to its size," said Lower Manhattan Development Corp. President Lou Tomson, sitting in the airport at Montgomery, Ala., after his entourage visited the Rosa Parks Museum and the Civil Rights Memorial - the last stop of a five-day national tour. Anita Contini, who's overseeing the LMDC memorial process, said most people felt "the more simple ones had more power." (New York Post)

New York Life Happy With Move Downtown After September 11 - Oct 7, 2002
New York Life, one of the largest mutual funds companies in the country, was ready to sign a lease to move downtown to 120 Broadway on the morning of September 11. Despite the attacks, the company has settled down in lower Manhattan and has not regretted the decision at all. (Newsday)

After 9/11, New York Is America's De Facto Capital - Oct 6, 2002
While New York has long been the nation's center of culture, finance, fashion and media, the city in the aftermath of Sept. 11 cohered into something more than the sum of its perennially celebrated parts. After its highest towers were taken down, New York rose from its initial shock to illustrate in real time what America actually is, a huge and resilient democracy animated by citizens of every conceivable stripe, pursuit and ethic. (New York Times)

City's Bomb Squad is Busier Than Ever - Oct 6, 2002
Since Sept. 11 2001, New York City's Bomb Squad is picking up a lot more suspicious packages than usual -- on some days 200 percent more, as many as 50 a day. The squad also has to look out for "dirty bombs," which spread radiation. (New York Times)

A WTC Survivor Offers Thanks to Therapists - Oct 6, 2002
World Trade Center survivor Lauren Manning thanked the occupational therapists who helped her, in front of a crowd of therapists gathered at the Brooklyn Campus of Long Island University for their annual state conference. (Newsday)

Washington Tribute for Firefighters - Oct 6, 2002
Hundreds of firefighter families gathered yesterday in the nation's capital to comfort each other and to honor 446 of the country's firefighters - the vast majority from New York - who gave their lives last year while battling blazes. (New York Daily News)

Bloomberg: Firefighters' Rally Poorly Timed - Oct 6, 2002
The Bloomberg administration criticized the Uniformed Firefighters Association yesterday for organizing a rally seeking higher pay one day before 50,000 firefighters from around the world attend a massive memorial service in New York. (New York Daily News)

Husband of 9/11 Victim is Told He'll Be Deported - Oct 5, 2002
Vasiliy V. Ryjov, an illegal immigrant who lost his wife in the World Trade Center attack, is facing deportation back to his native Georgia, a former Soviet republic. Last month, the Immigration and Naturalization Service rejected his application for permanent residency, saying he had falsely claimed to be married to another woman, Dora Tobias, in 1993. (New York Times)

Steel-Beam Cross Considered for Memorial - Oct 5, 2002
A cross made of steel beams from the World Trade Center that has stood for a year at ground zero will be considered for inclusion in a permanent memorial to the victims of the attack on the World Trade Center, officials overseeing the rebuilding of Lower Manhattan said today. (New York Times)

Oklahoma City and New York: Two Cities Visited By Disaster - Oct 5, 2002
As Lower Manhattan Development Corp. officials visited Oklahoma City Friday, as part of a six-day memorial-research trip across the country, they found a city with plenty of experience to share. A major piece of advice development corporation officials heard was "include everyone." Oklahoma City lost 168 people when Timothy McVeigh bombed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building on April 19, 1995. The outdoor memorial, featuring 168 empty chairs and a shallow pond, opened in 2000. A museum opened in 2001. (Newsday)

Families of NYC Victims Want Mention at Pentagon Memorial - Oct 4, 2002
Families of the World Trade Center victims reacted with disapproval at reports Thursday that the Pentagon memorial will list only the 184 victims who died in the attack on the Pentagon. The Pentagon's design competition already has narrowed its search from more than 1,100 entries to six finalists, with the final selection planned for December. "The families said they want to focus on this small group," said Carol Anderson-Austra, a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers project manager. "They're a little sensitive because New York gets an awful lot of press." (Newsday)

West Street Tunnel Not As Expensive As People Think, Says One Landowner - Oct 4, 2002
A West Street tunnel could be built in lower Manhattan for far less than the $2.8 billion estimated by development officials -- making it feasible to create a grand promenade from the Battery to Ground Zero, a major downtown landowner says. Engineering consultants working for Brookfield Properties, which owns the World Financial Center across West Street from Ground Zero, said one method of building the tunnel would be faster and cost less than other plans, and West Street could be buried from the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel to Murray Street in 31/2 years at a cost of $1.2 billion, a Brookfield official said Wednesday in a presentation to Community Board 1. (New York Post)

Doctoroff Blocks Battery Park City WTC Aid - Oct 3, 2002
Deputy Mayor Daniel Doctoroff is blocking $15.6 million in disaster relief for Battery Park City tenants and homeowners - even though City Hall agreed to the cash payouts.Doctoroff said yesterday that the grants no longer "seem appropriate" because a much larger federal aid program has been created to help people living near Ground Zero. (New York Daily News)

NY Congressional Delegation Asks For WTC Health Aid - Oct 3, 2002
Fourteen members of the New York congressional delegation asked President Bush yesterday to sign off on $90 million in federal aid to monitor the health of Ground Zero workers. A month has passed since several members of the bipartisan group asked Bush to meet with them. (New York Daily News)

Vietnam Memorial Team Advises a Slow Pace - Oct 3, 2002
The founder of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund cautioned visiting New York officials yesterday not to make the "mistake" of rushing to design and build a Sept. 11 memorial. "I think they're moving at the speed they have to move at, because this plays so big on the world stage," said Jan Scruggs, a former infantry corporal. (New York Daily News)

New York Congressional Delegation Proposes Direct Aid To New York - Oct 3, 2002
Some of the government's Sept. 11 aid to New York should go directly into city and state coffers, Democratic lawmakers said yesterday. Citing "gaping holes" in the city and state budgets, Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) called for a law allocating some of the $21 billion to replace lost tax revenue. "Right now, even though the money is there, we can't use it," Schumer said in Washington, where he was joined by Sen. Hillary Clinton and Democratic Reps. Jerrold Nadler and Carolyn Maloney of Manhattan. "And so, what we're seeking to do here is untie the hands of the federal government." (New York Daily News)

Senator Schumers Backs Away From Criticism Of Use of Transit Funds - Oct 3, 2002
Sen. Charles Schumer is backing off his wish that a pot of federal money for lower Manhattan go only to a "Grand Central Station" downtown instead of a string of other pricey projects, officials said yesterdaySchumer's apparent change-of-heart came after he met with officials overseeing rebuilding downtown, aides said. "It seems there's enough money for both," Schumer spokesman Phil Singer said. (New York Post)

Senator Schumer Criticized For Remarks About Federal Funding For Transit - Oct 2, 2002
Senator Charles Schumer came under fire from other New York officials yesterday for his unexpected attempt to block federal disaster funding for several lower Manhattan transit projects. Public comments from Mayor Michael Bloomberg and the head of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority hinted at behind-the-scenes wrangling among federal, state and city officials who are trying to divvy up the transit aid, sources said. (New York Daily News)

Women Taking Key Roles In LMDC Rebuilding Effort - Oct 2, 2002
Half the top leadership posts at the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation are held by women, including 21 of the 41-member staff. Four of six vice presidents are women, working on the memorial and cultural programs, community outreach and government relations, and corporate development and legal affairs. Each woman has a distinctly different resume, and they say gender doesn't matter in their workplace. (Newsday)

Rebuilding Officials Begin Tour At Shanksville, Pennsylvania - Oct 2, 2002
In the abandoned coalfield where United Airlines Flight 93 crashed, the wall of impromptu remembrances overflowed with hundreds of flags, police patches, little angels and firefighter caps. It resembled many such tributes that sprang up in New York City a year ago. And it supported one lower Manhattan development official's desire to link somehow the three Sept. 11 memorials -- in Pennsylvania, at the Pentagon and in Manhattan. Lower Manhattan Development Corporation memorial director Anita Contini sees many similarities among how the three Sept. 11 memorial sites will be created -- from talking to the families to including other interested parties. (Newsday)

Port Authority Gives Pope a WTC Memento - Oct 1, 2002
Port Authority cops presented Pope John Paul with a cross yesterday made out of metal and other debris from the rubble of Ground Zero. The cross was presented to John Paul during his weekly public audience by a delegation of the Port Authority Police. (New York Daily News)

Downtown Residents Concerned About Safety Amid Endless Construction - Oct 1, 2002
Few things are certain about the future of Lower Manhattan expect perhaps one: residents will be living with massive construction projects for years to come. Already some people say they find themselves tiptoeing around giant cranes wondering just how safe they are. (Downtown Express)

Silverstein Sending Tower Data to U.S. Agency - Oct 1, 2002
A day after disclosing that their engineering experts had produced an important body of analysis on why the twin towers collapsed on Sept. 11, lawyers for Larry Silverstein, whose companies own the lease on the World Trade Center, said yesterday that they had abruptly begun shipping the material to a federal investigative agency. (New York Times)

Plans For Chinatown Arts Center - Oct 1, 2002
A new multimillion-dollar Asian culture and performing arts center modeled after the Lincoln Center would anchor Chinatown and help revitalize an area still recovering from the World Trade Center attack, according to a community-based plan announced Monday at City Hall. (Newsday)

Poor Transit Connections Lead Companies to Leave Lower Manhattan - Oct 1, 2002
Companies near Ground Zero are beginning to hire more employees - but still may bolt from lower Manhattan because of poor transit connections, a survey revealed yesterday. The poll, by the Alliance for Downtown New York, found that financial problems downtown have stabilized, but could worsen as companies' leases expire. (New York Daily News)

Without Resources to Sue, Widow Takes Federal 9/11 Award - Oct 1, 2002
Erma Bourdier, whose husband, Francisco, was killed in the Sept. 11 attacks, could have sued for tens of millions. But left with a 2-year-old daughter to raise alone and lacking the deep pockets to hire a lawyer with enough juice to take on the airlines or Port Authority, Bourdier agreed yesterday to accept a monetary award from the federally funded Victim Compensation Fund. (New York Daily News)

A Call for Release of Data on Collapse - Oct 1, 2002
Rep. Anthony Weiner (D-Brooklyn) demanded yesterday the release of court-sealed documents that could shed new light on the collapse of the World Trade Center. The documents include extensive studies done after the collapse by both sides in a suit brought by Larry Silverstein, the businessman who held the lease on the Trade Center, against insurance companies. (New York Daily News)

Rebuilding NYC November 2003


How Poorly Did the Environmental Protection Agency React to 9/11? - Nov 30, 2003
From the first days after Sept. 11, 2001, the fears and unknowns about health and air quality in Lower Manhattan were compounded by the politics that swirl, as always, around the Environmental Protection Agency. An arm of the federal government that is second-guessed and distrusted as perhaps no other had been put in charge of the environmental response. What was in the air and what people in Washington and New York believed about the E.P.A. were immediately intertwined. (New York Times)

Coast Guard's Defense Against Terrorist Threat in New York - Nov 30, 2003
The Coast Guard's 91106 six-boat fleet is the government's eyes and ears against water-borne terrorism for New York and New Jersey. It is part of the federal Marine Safety and Security Team, within the Department of Homeland Security, that made its debut in New York Harbor two years ago. (Newsday)

Ground Zero Workers Dropping Lawsuits Against City - Nov 29, 2003
Hundreds of workers who got sick after working on the World Trade Center recovery and cleanup are dropping their lawsuits against the city, officials said yesterday. (New York Daily News)

Practical Problems Arise With Memorial Designs - Nov 29, 2003
It may be early in the process to worry about the designs' details, which will be refined and revised. But interviews with people who worry about such things for a living Ă‘ an arborist, an urban planner, a civil engineer, a structural engineer and others Ă‘ suggest that some problems are already apparent. (New York Times)

Court Denies Compensation for Flight Attendant Distraught over 9/11 - Nov 29, 2003
A flight attendant who claimed she was too distraught to return to the job after a colleague died on 9/11 while covering her shift should not get worker's compensation, a New Jersey state appellate court ruled. (New York Post)

An Old Sign, Touting Marvels Of World Trade Center, Still Up On Church Street - Nov 28, 2003
While "World Trade Center" signs around the new PATH station startled commuters and visitors this week, a smaller but even more poignant graphic remnant of the past was hiding in plain sight across Church Street. "What has 200 elevators, 1,200 restrooms, 40,000 doorknobs, 200,000 lighting fixtures, 7 million square feet of acoustical tile ceilings, more structural steel than the Verrazano Narrows Bridge Ă‘ and was built for a final cost of over one billion 1970s dollars?" asks the colorful sign between seven-foot cast-iron posts, outside Century 21, near the corner of Cortlandt Street. "That's right, the World Trade Center." (New York Times)

Architects Work To Reconcile Visions on Freedom Tower - Nov 27, 2003
The signature tower of the rebuilt World Trade Center is taking shape, and not a moment too soon. With scant three weeks left, the two architectural teams working together on the tower Ñ one led by World Trade Center leaseholder Larry SilversteinÕs architect David Childs, the other by Ground Zero master planner Daniel Libeskind Ñ have been engaged in intense, seven-day-a-week meetings aimed at reconciling each sideÕs competing vision for the Freedom Tower, which is to be the tallest of five skyscrapers to rise from the ashes of Ground Zero. (New York Observer)

Schumer Asks Anonymous Republican to Stop Blockage of 9/11 Bill - Nov 27, 2003
Senator Charles Schumer has asked the mystery Republican lawmaker blocking a 9/11-compensation bill to let the measure go before the Senate. "This is a Thanksgiving plea to the solitary senator who is holding this bill up anonymously," Schumer said yesterday. "It's only humane to let this go." The bill would extend the deadline to file for claims from the 9/11 Victims Compensation Fund. (New York Post)

New Money for Security, Appearance Downtown - Nov 27, 2003
The heavily guarded area around the New York Stock Exchange will be beautified, and its security revamped, with a $10 million grant announced yesterday by state and city officials. (New York Post)

Memorial Cloud, Dual Memory Lead in Memorial Poll - Nov 26, 2003
Two designs - one featuring a light-infused glass cloud, the other incorporating pictures of victims - are emerging as the most popular Ground Zero memorial proposals. The civic group Imagine New York, in partnership with other organizations, including the Daily News, has been conducting an online survey to measure public reaction to the eight World Trade Center memorial designs unveiled last week. (New York Daily News)

Statue of Liberty Could Open in 2004, After Generous Donations - Nov 26, 2003
A higher-security Statue of Liberty could open to the public as early as next year, officials said yesterday. The American Express Corp. has pledged at least $3 million of more than $5 million needed. The company contributed to past improvements of the 117-year-old monument. (Newsday)

Republican Senator is the Reason for Block on Extension - Nov 26, 2003
A Republican senator is using a special rule to block efforts to extend the deadline for filing claims with Sept. 11 victim compensation fund, leaving family members fearful they may miss out. "A lone, anonymous Republican senator is holding up the bill," declared Sen. Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.), speaking on the Senate floor. (New York Post)

Senate Rejects Extension of 9/11 Compensation Program - Nov 26, 2003
Congressional officials from the New York area conceded yesterday that their last-gasp attempt to extend the deadline for the federal government's extraordinary program to compensate the relatives of Sept. 11 victims had all but failed. (New York Times)

Young Designers Dominate Memorial Competition - Nov 25, 2003
The unveiling last week of eight competing designs for a World Trade Center memorial has provoked an inevitable debate about whether any of the projects can properly honor those who died on Sept. 11, 2001. But nearly everyone has been struck by how many of these projects, plucked as they were from a pool of more than 5,000 anonymous submissions, are the work of young artists and not the architectural elite. (New York Times)

The Last Train Out on 9/11 - Nov 25, 2003
Noel Roman is haunted by the solitary figure of an older, well-dressed man who plodded up stairs toward the World Trade Center in the final moments of a world that ended on Sept. 11, 2001. "I'm not sure if he was limping or moving with a cane," says Roman, 44, who was at the controls of the last PATH train to leave the trade center before the towers collapsed. "I think he died, you know. What upsets me is that if we knew what was going on, that man never would have gone up those stairs." (Newsday)

State Officials Press Washington on Security Cash - Nov 25, 2003
Reacting to a Daily News report that shows Wyoming reaping far more per person in anti-terror funds than New York, state leaders vowed to work to revamp the formula so awards are based on threat levels - not pork-barrel politics. (New York Daily News)

Exhibit of World Trade Relics Opens at Historial Society - Nov 25, 2003
Three old friends gathered in the days before Thanksgiving amid a roomful of scattered artifacts, once-mundane objects that have been transformed by trauma. These are relics of the World Trade Center attack; they will be displayed in a new exhibition at the New-York Historical Society that opens today. (New York Times)

Return to Ground Zero: An Emotional Commute - Nov 25, 2003
Yesterday, on a morning that proved at once painful and uplifting, downtown workers streamed into the heart of the former World Trade Center site for its first rush hour since the terrorist attack on Sept. 11, 2001. (New York Times)

PATH Station at Ground Zero Reopens - Nov 24, 2003
The World Trade Center PATH Station opened at 2 p.m. yesterday, after a $323 million, 16-month reconstruction, to applause and tears along the platforms and aboard the trains. On the sides of the cars, ruby-red "WTC" destination signs glowed once again. (New York Times)

Street in Queens Renamed for Firefighter - Nov 24, 2003
Hundreds of people gathered at a street corner in Queens yesterday to rename a street after firefighter Carl F. Asaro, who was killed at the World Trade Center. The intersection of 147th Street and Willets Point Boulevard in Whitestone, where Asaro was born and raised, now bears his name. (New York Post)

Per Capita, New York Gets Least Federal Money for Security - Nov 24, 2003
New York, the world's premier target for terror, gets less homeland security funding per person than virtually any state in the nation. Man for man and woman for woman, Wyoming (population 493,782) does better - $38.31 per person, compared with the paltry $5.47 in counterterrorism funds spent on each New Yorker. (New York Daily News)

On World Trade Center Memorial, Criticism Outstrips Praise - Nov 22, 2003
The experts having already weighed in voluminously on the subject, the Municipal Art Society asked ordinary people to give their perspectives on the eight finalists in LMDC's memorial competition for Ground Zero, in a handful of small sessions that seemed to blend the give-and-take of a creative writing workshop with the raw emotions of a 12-step meeting. (New York Times)

NY Senators Warn Congress Against Taking Away 9/11 Money - Nov 22, 2003
Sens. Hillary Clinton and Charles Schumer are warning congressional budget writers to keep their hands off the money sent to New York City after the 9/11 attacks. (New York Post)

As Deadline For 9/11 Aid Nears, Many Families HavenÕt Filed - Nov 22, 2003
Members of New York's Congressional delegation say the federal government's ambitious effort to compensate the relatives of Sept. 11 victims will fall far short of its intent if Congress does not act soon to extend the Dec. 22 deadline for filing claims. Were such a shortfall to occur, it would amount to a major disappointment in what was seen as an extraordinary attempt to compensate thousands of people quickly and generously for one of the worst catastrophes on American soil. (New York Times)

Silverstein To Get Cash Back in 9/11 Deal - Nov 22, 2003
The developer Larry A. Silverstein and his investors are getting back most of the cash they put up for their winning bid more than two years ago to take control of the World Trade Center in the largest real estate deal in New York history. Even so, Mr. Silverstein will remain in control of rebuilding the 10 million square feet of office space that is planned for the trade center site in the next 10 or 15 years. In the end, according to people who have been briefed on the deal, he will have little of his own money at risk for one of the most important corners of the Manhattan landscape. (New York Times)

NYC Will Challenge 9/11 Subpoena - Nov 22, 2003
Citing privacy of Sept. 11 victims, the mayor's office vowed to fight a federal commission's subpoena seeking documents that detail the city's response at the World Trade Center. The commission, which is investigating the nation's preparedness before the 2001 attacks and its response to them, said Thursday it wants tapes and transcripts of 911 calls as well as internal firefighter interviews conducted afterward. (Associated Press)

Memorial Favorites Chosen in Online NY Post Poll - Nov 21, 2003
Two Ground Zero memorial designs - a cloud-like canopy filled with light and another with sunken reflecting pools in the footprints - have emerged as the favorites, according to several Web polls yesterday. A survey on The Post's Web site the day after the eight final designs were released to the public showed "Reflecting Absence," by New York Housing Authority architect Michael Arad, as the lead proposal, garnering 26 percent of support from Post readers. (New York Post)

Department of Homeland Security Going in Wrong Direction, Say City Police - Nov 21, 2003
Department of Homeland Security officials are "going in the wrong direction" when it comes to protecting high-threat areas like New York City, Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly said Thursday. (Newsday)

New Yorkers Split on Memorial Designs - Nov 21, 2003
Some memorials console, some teach. And the Sept. 11 memorial proposed for the World Trade Center site may eventually do both. But after the announcement on Wednesday of the eight final designs in the competition, New Yorkers remain deeply split over the memorial's most basic outlines: What is its purpose? Whom is it for? And when should it be done? (New York Times)

Federal Subpoena for 9/11 Police Tapes - Nov 21, 2003
The 9-11 Commission has voted to subpoena the city for failing to hand over documents related to the city's response to the World Trade Center attack. The panel said the city's refusal to hand over the material had "significantly impeded the commission's investigation." (Newsday)

Opponents to West Street Tunnel Speak Out - Nov 20, 2003
More than a dozen people lined up at the microphone during a public information meeting to denounce the proposal, supported by Gov. George E. Pataki, to spend $860 million to bury a half-mile section of the road alongside the planned World Trade Center memorial site. Most of the comments were familiar: the tunnel plan was too expensive; construction would disrupt traffic for too long; the money would be better spent elsewhere; the tunnel ramps would be dangerous to pedestrians. (New York Times)

Several Versions of Recollection and Grief - Nov 20, 2003
Eight possible memorials at the World Trade Center site, each deferring in some way to the ghosts of the twin towers, were shown to the nation yesterday. The plans, chosen by a 13-member jury for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, did not come from the hands of celebrated architects but rather a diverse group of designers, many of them young, who live in and work in Brooklyn, Manhattan, Chicago, Houston, Paris, Ithaca, N.Y., and Oakland, Calif. (New York Times)

9/11 Memorial Jury Confronts Conflicting Agendas - Nov 20, 2003
The jurors of the 9/11 memorial competition had many constituencies to please. And many were unhappy, although there was nowhere near the vehemence as when the initial plans to rebuild the site were announced last year. The chorus of conflicting voices ranged from the outraged to those who found inspiration in the proposals' creativity, but many also expressed the need for further contemplation. (New York Times)

A Call for Better Emergency Plans for Skyscrapers - Nov 20, 2003
A federal commission studying the Sept. 11 attacks should press for wholesale improvements in the construction, fireproofing and evacuation of high-rise buildings, two skyscraper-safety advocates said Wednesday. (Associated Press)

Duty Calls After 9/11, Straining Family Finances - Nov 20, 2003
A kidney on the verge of shutting down. A home on the verge of being lost. For Kenneth and Angelean Thomas, the last few years have been one ordeal after another. A call to serve after the Sept. 11 terrorist attack gave rise to the Thomases' other major challenge: keeping a roof over their heads. (New York Times)

Intelligence Officials Warn of Security Risks - Nov 19, 2003
The U.S. intelligence community must improve its performance to prevent another terrorist attack in New York City and around the country, a panel of experts said last week. (Downtown Express)

Competition's Confidentiality Pact Raises Questions - Nov 19, 2003
Don't talk about it. Don't criticize us. We own all of the information (including your notes). That's the message in the open-ended confidentiality agreements that Lower Manhattan Development Corp. officials required memorial competition finalists to sign, according to a blank copy obtained by Newsday. (Newsday)

Families of 9/11 Victims Get Preview of Memorial Finalists - Nov 19, 2003
After seeing the eight finalists in the 9/11 memorial competition, family members of those killed in the attack used words like "reverential" and "respectful" to describe the designs. And "overwhelmed" when speaking of their own feelings. But some expressed disappointment that the plans did not set aside more of the twin towers' foundations as a setting for the memorial. (New York Times)

Disqualified Designer Sues LMDC - Nov 18, 2003
A Ground Zero memorial designer who was disqualified as a finalist went to court yesterday to force officials to put his plan back in the running - but redevelopment officials accused him of a "shell game." The judge in the case said he may force the LMDC to reinstate the design. (New York Times)

Families of 9/11 Victims Ask Park Service to Take Over - Nov 18, 2003
Families of 9/11 victims made a last-minute plea yesterday for the National Park Service to intervene at Ground Zero and preserve the area where the majority of the dead were found. The families asked that the "historical ruins" where the twin towers once stood be saved and included in a memorial to the terrorist attacks' 2,752 victims. (New York Daily News)

Extra Security at NYC Landmarks After Bombing in Turkey - Nov 17, 2003
Police have stepped up security at synagogues and major public places in New York in response to the terrorist bombings of Jewish temples in Turkey, officials said yesterday. The measures include posting police cars outside some synagogues and ordering patrol cars or beat cops to pass by others more frequently. Increased police presence was also ordered for city landmarks like Rockefeller Center, the Empire State Building, Madison Square Garden, Radio City Music Hall, the East River bridges and other high-profile spots, sources said. (New York Post)

Post 9/11 Driving Restrictions Lifted - Nov 17, 2003
Restrictions on single-occupancy vehicles, which have been in place since 9/11, are being lifted as of today at five lower Manhattan crossings. (New York Post)

Officials Oppose Plan to Put Park Service in Charge of Memorial - Nov 17, 2003
Just days before eight Ground Zero memorial designs are made public, development officials yesterday criticized a proposed federal study aimed at putting the National Park Service in charge of the tribute. They said a bill introduced in Congress by Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-Manhattan) that authorizes the study could cause delays in rebuilding if it is passed But Maloney and 9/11 family members said the study is needed to determine whether the Twin Towers' "footprints" should be given landmark status - which could keep anything but the memorial from being built on them. (New York Post)

There is Enough Insurance Money for Freedom Tower, says Port Authority Chairman - Nov 14, 2003
Port Authority chairman Joseph Seymour said yesterday that even with the raging court battle, there are already enough insurance proceeds to build Gov. George Pataki's proposed 2.5-million-square-foot Freedom Tower. Whether there is enough money to build everything else on a long list of lower Manhattan projects as well as planned regional transportation projects is another question. (Newsday)

Firefighters May Receive Subpoenas From New 9/11 Probe - Nov 14, 2003
More than two years after the attack on the World Trade Center, city firefighters have been told they may have to relive that day again - under subpoena if necessary - in yet another investigation. Fire union officials say they can see no benefit in the planned interviews by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, a federal agency that is looking into technical issues surrounding the collapse of the towers. (Newsday)

New York Times seeks Liberty Bonds For New Building - Nov 13, 2003
The New York Times' development partner, Bruce Ratner, is seeking $150 million in Liberty Bond, to help finance the newspaper's new midtown tower. But an executive at the Empire State Development Corporation, one of the two main government agencies controlling the purse strings of the Liberty Bonds, doesnÕt think Mr. RatnerÕs gambit to use federal 9/11 program money to save the Times tower is going to work. (New York Observer)

Heart Attacks Linked to 9/11 - Nov 13, 2003
Heart attack cases rose sharply at a Brooklyn hospital within weeks following the World Trade Center disaster, suggesting that emotional stress can trigger severe cardiac problems, researchers reported yesterday. Researchers from New York Methodist Hospital in Brooklyn, looking at a total of 1,249 patients divided into three groups, found heart attacks rose by 35 percent in the 60 days after the terrorist attacks and tachyarrhythmias, irregular heart beats, by 40 percent. Irregular heart rhythms often cause sudden death. (Newsday)

Wife of Police Officer Who Died on 9/11 Won't Get His Pension - Nov 12, 2003
Less than three weeks before his death in the World Trade Center, NYPD Officer Santos Valentin and his wife signed a separation agreement. Now a Manhattan judge has ruled that although the agreement did not specifically remove her as his beneficiary, Selena Valentin will not get her husband's pension, which is worth an estimated $2 million. (New York Post)

Queens Museum of Art to Replace WTC Model With Miniature Tribute in Light - Nov 11, 2003
Twin pale-blue laser beams will replace the miniature replica World Trade Center towers that still stand in the Panorama of the City of New York at the Queens Museum of Art. The Tribute in Light, named in honor of the WTC victims of the terrorist acts of Sept. 11, is scheduled to be complete within the next three months. The Panorama, a scale-model of the entire city, is a permanent exhibit at the museum, where currently a red, white and blue ribbon is intertwined around the model towers. (Newsday)

Downtown Businesses Benefit from Wall Street Upturn - Nov 10, 2003
After three years of penny pinching, the cash is finally flowing again on Wall Street. "Suits are coming back to the financial and banking area, so our business is pretty much flying," said Neil Schleimer, a wardrobe consultant at Men's Wearhouse downtown. "We expect a very good fourth quarter." The store, located across from the World Trade Center, closed for two months after 9/11, but has seen 20 percent gains in sales since last year. (New York Post)

Schumer Sees Terror Threat to NYC Cruise Ships - Nov 10, 2003
Sen. Charles Schumer yesterday called on the U.S. Coast Guard to assess security at Manhattan's Hudson River cruise ship passenger piers - saying the terminals were ripe for terrorist attacks. "The security here at cruise terminals is not up to snuff," said Schumer in a press conference at the West 48th Street pier operated by P & O Ports. "We ought to have the same kind of security here as we do at the airports." (New York Post)

Con Edison Rebuilds Power Substations Destroyed on 9/11 - Nov 09, 2003
The reconstruction of the World Trade Center site took a small but symbolically important step forward yesterday as Con Edison began to rebuild two power substations that were destroyed in the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. Three electrical transformers were lowered by crane into cavernous vaults beneath what will once again become 7 World Trade Center. The transformers, each nearly 85 tons and 20 feet tall, are the first of 10 transformers that will be placed beneath 7 World Trade Center in the next few years, said Michael Clendenin, a spokesman for Con Edison. (New York Times)

Trade Center Design Gets Down to the Finest Detail - Nov 08, 2003
After months of dealing in broad concepts, the planners of the new World Trade Center are devising guidelines that will prescribe the actual forms of the buildings Ă‘ in inches and feet, metal and stone. A recent draft of the guidelines by Studio Daniel Libeskind, the master planners of the site, dictated the shape and size of every office tower so precisely that other architects would have had little leeway to pursue significantly different designs of their own. (New York Times)

Man Arrested for Inventing Spouse to Claim 9/11 Money - Nov 08, 2003
A Pennsylvania man was arrested late Thursday and accused of inventing a spouse who died at the World Trade Center on Sept. 11, 2001, in order to obtain more than $100,000 from relief agencies, authorities said Friday. (Newsday)

Officials Ask for Private Money to Help Reopen Statue of Liberty - Nov 08, 2003
Two years after the terrorist attacks shut down the Statue of Liberty, officials are appealing for private donations to boost security so the monument can reopen. About $5 million worth of security measures still are needed, said National Park Service spokesman Brian Feeney. (Newsday)

Possible Memorial Finalist Disqualified - Nov 07, 2003
An unusual proposal for a World Trade Center memorial was initially selected by judges as a potential finalist - but then got bounced when it was discovered the author broke contest rules, The New York Post has learned. The proposal, dubbed Twin Piers, called for two enormous jetties, the size of the Twin Towers, extending into the harbor from Battery Park - bypassing entirely what was supposed to be the main memorial site inside the Ground Zero pit. (New York Post)

St. Paul's Churchyard Reopens - Nov 07, 2003
The western gates to St. Paul's Chapel on Church Street, which had been padlocked for no one knows how long, were reopened this week. So was the churchyard itself, which had been closed since Sept. 11, 2001. Suddenly, there is a contemplative public space Ă‘ brand new but 237 years old Ă‘on the edge of ground zero. The open gates allow visitors to approach the chapel as they would have in the 18th century, across a lawn dotted with headstones, through trees so tall they almost obscure the wooden steeple. (New York Times)

Woman Who Cheated 9/11 Charities Convicted - Nov 06, 2003
A woman was convicted in a 9/11 scam November 5, hours after she was locked up - because a juror found a note proclaiming the woman's innocence in a courthouse restroom. Evelyn Wellens and her co-defendant, Matthew Weissman, were found guilty of cheating Sept. 11 charities out of $80,000. Wellens had been freed after her arrest, but yesterday, Justice John Bradley jailed her after the note was discovered in the women's bathroom, courthouse sources said. Another juror found a note in the men's room, but it was unclear if he went to the judge. A search turned up seven notes, the sources said. All the notes said, "Evelyn Wellens is innocent," a source said. (New York Post)

Firehouse Near Ground Zero Reopens - Nov 06, 2003
The firehouse across from the World Trade Center site re-opened November 5 after being closed for two years. The Liberty St. firehouse, dubbed "Ten House," was badly damaged on 9/11 when flooded by mounds of concrete, dust and dirt from the collapsed towers. Five firefighters from the station died in the attacks. A $3.5 million repair project fixed the building and allowed some 50 firefighters to return home yesterday. Stainless steel has replaced the damaged brick. Inside the new stainless-steel kitchen is a red stove, with "The Ten House" painted across it in gold. "We'll never forget about any of our people, that's not even in the equation," said Fire Chief Gene Kelty. "I want the house to be an open door. If kids want to come in again - we want the schools to come over. We want the tourists to stop by and say hello." (New York Daily News)

Toxin Levels in Lower Manhattan to be Retested - Nov 05, 2003
Some Lower Manhattan residences will be retested for World Trade Center toxins as part of an agreement reached by Senator Hillary Clinton and government officials. But details of the plan remained foggy last week, even as the Environmental Protection Agency reported elevated levels of lead in 13.5 percent of the wipe samples the agency tested for metals and other toxins before cleaning the apartments in response to 9/11. The lead results were released at an Oct. 28 Congressional hearing on the health effects of the W.T.C. disaster held at Mount Sinai medical center and attended by U.S. Reps. Carolyn Maloney and Jerrold Nadler. (Downtown Express)

Libeskind's Design Guidelines Are Too Strict, Say Development Officials - Nov 05, 2003
Development officials are working to ease master planner Daniel Libeskind's design guidelines for Ground Zero office towers, fearing they are too restrictive and could drive top architects away from the project. One source told the New York Post that the guidelines are being revised "in the direction of [greater] flexibility." "There's very little room left under those guidelines for anybody to exercise their originality and talent. They're proscriptive," said architect Peter Eisenman, who reviewed a draft of Libeskind's guidelines obtained by The Post. (New York Post)

Firefighter returns 911 medal to protest firehouse closings - Nov 04, 2003
Retired firefighter Girard Owens has sent back the Survivor medal he earned for heroism on 9/11, demanding that Mayor Bloomberg reopen a Williamsburg firehouse closed in May. "I cannot accept this award at this time. I would rather have my neighborhood properly protected," wrote Owens in a letter sent to the mayor and Fire Commissioner Nicholas Scoppetta. (New York Post)

Families Anguished Over Removal of Names from 911 Victim List - Nov 02, 2003
Two families living in Mexico were shocked to find that their relatives were among those removed from the list of 911 victims. Both men were undocumented immigrants, who, according to their families, were working at the World Trade Center during the attacks. (New York Post)

Rebuilding NYC November 2002


Federal Disaster Bill Could Bring More Aid To City - Nov 29, 2002
Mayor Bloomberg is hoping Congress will pass a law that would let the cash-strapped city snag $650 million in additional payments from the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Congress will take up the issue when it resumes work in January and takes a second look at the appropriations bill that includes FEMA's budget. (New York Post)

Henry Kissinger Appointed Head of Commission To Investigate 9/11 - Nov 28, 2002
President Bush today named Henry A. Kissinger, a Republican who has been one of the most respected but polarizing figures in foreign policy and Washington for more than three decades, to lead an independent investigation into the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. The 10 member-commission will conduct a wide-ranging inquiry into the causes of the attacks, whether they could have been averted and what changes are needed to prevent a similar occurrence. The commission is required to complete its work within 18 months. The leaders of the two parties in Congress must appoint the rest of the members by Dec. 15. (New York Times)

Federal Agency Urged To Extend Deadline To Apply For Aid - Nov 28, 2002
Politicians and community groups urged the Federal Emergency Management Agency yesterday to extend Saturday's deadline for grants for people affected by the terror attacks. The Individual and Family Grant gives cash to people who lost jobs or property Sept. 11, 2001. "To enforce this deadline and shut all these people out would be a slap in the face and a terrible injustice," said Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-Manhattan). (New York Daily News)

Outspoken 9/11 Widow Joins Memorial Panel - Nov 28, 2002
Monica Iken, the widow of a Sept. 11 victim and one of the most outspoken advocates for victims' families during the rebuilding process, has been appointed to one of the two committees overseeing the planning of a memorial. Iken was notified of the appointment by letter this week, more than a week after the committees were announced. Some family members had complained publicly that rebuilding officials were ignoring people who have sometimes criticized the rebuilding effort. (New York Times)

Critics Knock E.P.A.'s Downtown Cleanup Plan - Nov 27, 2002
Three months into the Environmental Protection Agency's cleanup of Lower Manhattan apartments, many area residents remain frustrated with the program and the agency's response to their concerns. More than 6,000 Lower Manhattan households have registered for the voluntary asbestos testing and cleanup since the program began in August, said E.P.A. spokesperson Mary Mears. To date, just over 10 percent of the registered apartments, 627, have been tested, cleaned and received results. Of those, 617 have been cleared for asbestos and one has not. Nine were classified as undetermined. (Downtown Express)

State D.O.T. Skeptical of Long West St. tunnel - Nov 27, 2002
State Transportation officials, without burying the idea explicitly, nevertheless expressed skepticism last week that a long tunnel on West Street would make economic sense. Tim Gilcrest, the state Department of Transportation's director of planning, did not say he had ruled out a tunnel under the roadway, but he cited two numbers which presumably would make it hard to convince D.O.T. to build the tunnel. One is the cost, which his agency estimates to be $3 billion, not the $2 billion some tunnel proponents cite. The second is the fact that the state estimates only 30 to 40 percent of the Downtown 9A traffic would choose the tunnel over the at-grade roadway that would be built above. (Downtown Express)

New M.B.A. Program Helps Downtown Businesses - Nov 27, 2002
MBAs4NYC, a new non-profit volunteer organization that provides free financial consultation to small businesses affected by the W.T.C. attacks. MBAs4NYC is the brainchild of Colleen Galvin, a former Chase Manhattan and Citibank officer who was involved with several outreach programs after the Sept. 11 attacks. The organization draws on a pool of M.B.A. students and alumni from schools such as Columbia, Harvard and M.I.T., all of which have committed to helping promote the program within their New York alumni associations. (Downtown Express)

FEMA, Clinton, Schumer Announce $4.1 Million Pace Center - Nov 27, 2002
The Federal Emergency Management Agency recently granted $4.1 million to Pace University to pay for its facilities damaged in the attack on the World Trade Center. The announcement came at a ceremony attended by senators Charles Schumer and Hillary Clinton, who joined Pace University president David Caputo and FEMA chief-of-staff Reynold Hoover last Friday at the university's main campus at One Pace Plaza to celebrate the grant. (Downtown Express)

FEMA's Latest Bungle: P.O. Box for 9/11 Aid Shut for Nonpayment - Nov 27, 2002
For more than a year, the Federal Emergency Management Agency has had no end of problems with its stewardship of the Sept. 11 aid programs. Now comes a bureaucratic bungle of a new magnitude. Last week, a FEMA post office box in Albany was closed after the agency failed to pay the rent for almost three months. The agency had set up the box to handle applications for a major reimbursement program. After the box was closed by the Albany post office, about 300 people who had mailed in applications potentially worth hundreds of thousands of dollars received their packets stamped "Return to Sender." (New York Times)

Fire Captian Invents Powerful New Radio - Nov 27, 2002
A fire captain toiling in an FDNY lab crafted a powerful new radio from $1,000 worth of parts that might help overcome widespread communication woes that contributed to firefighter deaths in the Sept. 11 attacks. (New York Post)

Lower Manhattan Site Picked for New High School - Nov 26, 2002
A new city high school - envisioned as part of lower Manhattan's renaissance - finally has a home near Ground Zero, sources said last night. School officials concluded their search for permanent digs for Millennium High School yesterday by getting space in a large office building at 75 Broad St., sources said. (New York Daily News)

Federal Bill Secures LMDC's Role in Memorial Planning - Nov 26, 2002
The federal government would guarantee the future of the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. under recent congressional legislation to create a World Trade Center National Memorial. Introduced earlier this month by Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-Manhattan), whose district includes Ground Zero, the bill requires the development agency's public planning process to determine the memorial's design and location, with eventual administration by the National Park Service. (Newsday)

Inquiry Clears F.B.I. Agents in Egyptian's False 9/11 Confession - Nov 26, 2002
An internal inquiry has cleared the F.B.I. agents who obtained a false confession from an Egyptian student in the Sept. 11 attacks, and has raised new questions about the value of lie-detector tests. The student, Abdallah Higazy, was detained after investigators were told that an aviation radio, capable of communicating with commercial airline pilots, was found in his Manhattan hotel room overlooking the World Trade Center soon after Sept. 11. (New York Times)

Firefigher's 9/11 Story Doubted - Nov 26, 2002
Battalion Chief Richard Picciotto, who wrote the best-selling book "Last Man Down," about surviving the collapse of the World Trade Center's north tower is being ripped by firefighters for allegedly exaggerating his role in the Sept. 11 rescue efforts. (New York Daily News)

Investigation Finds Weak Security at NYC Tunnels and Bridges - Nov 25, 2002
Spotty security at the city's bridges and tunnels leaves them wide open to truck bombs and makes it easy for terrorists to transport explosives into Manhattan, according to a Post investigation. A week after the FBI warned of "spectacular" attacks - and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority issued a special alert on rented box trucks - a Post reporter rented a yellow box truck and drove it over a dozen crossings multiple times. It was rarely challenged. (New York Post)

Port Authority Won't Be Part of Ground Zero Design Display - Nov 23, 2002
A lower Manhattan planner asked the Port Authority yesterday to unveil its master plan alongside other new designs for Ground Zero next month - but the bistate agency turned him down. Lower Manhattan Development Corp. board member Roland Betts, head of the agency's site-planning subcommittee, told the Gotham Gazette in an online interview that he has invited the Port Authority to present the work at the Winter Garden next month, when as many as nine plans for the World Trade Center site will be unveiled. Port Authority spokesman Michael Petralia insisted the agency is working jointly with the corporation on the plan and that it simply isn't done yet. (New York Daily News)

Bookstore Cancels 9/11 Author's Reading - Nov 23, 2002
The Harvard Square bookstore WordsWorth abruptly canceled a scheduled reading Thursday night by William Langewiesche, author of ''American Ground: Unbuilding the World Trade Center,'' after angry firefighters announced they'd picket the event. It was the store's first such cancellation, prompted by security concerns. An angry storm has swirled about Langewiesche since the book was published last month. Besides other criticisms of firefighters at Ground Zero, the book suggests that some might have engaged in looting before the twin towers collapsed Sept. 11. (Boston Globe)

F.B.I. Report on Student in 9/11 Case to Be Public - Nov 23, 2002
In a sharp reversal, federal prosecutors in Manhattan said yesterday that they no longer opposed the public release of a report on how the F.B.I. obtained a confession from an innocent Egyptian student who was detained last year in connection with the World Trade Center attack. The office of United States Attorney James B. Comey, which had submitted the report to a federal judge and asked that he not release it, told him in a letter that it had re-evaluated its position, given the intense public interest in the matter involving the student, Abdallah Higazy. (New York Times)

Schumer Urges Feds to Scrap Wall Street Disaster Plan - Nov 23, 2002
Calling a new Wall Street disaster plan a "dagger pointed at the heart of New York," Sen. Chuck Schumer urged federal regulators yesterday to scrap it and start from scratch. The plan recommends that financial firms build backup facilities as far as 300 miles out of town - and move thousands of jobs with them. (New York Daily News)

Rebuilding Official Praises Designs For World Trade Center Site - Nov 22, 2002
Seven architecture teams commissioned by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to design plans for Ground Zero have created work that is "astoundingly innovative, creative and exciting," according to Roland W. Betts, a Lower Manhattan Development Corporation director. Memorials on the tops of buildings and below ground, a formal 19th-century-style garden and the tallest building in the world are among the elements included in several new sets of plans being drawn up for the World Trade Center site, according to rebuilding officials who have seen them. (New York Times)

Port Authority Releasing Their Own Master Plan For Ground Zero - Nov 22, 2002
The Port Authority will release its own master plan for the World Trade Center site by February, detailing the memorialÕs size and location and transportation improvements, the agencyÕs executive director said Thursday. The master plan, being developed by architects hired by the Port Authority, will include mass transit, vehicular and pedestrian access and the minimum and maximum square footage of the commercial space. (Newsday)

Terrorism Driving Up Commercial Insurance Rates, Says City Comptroller - Nov 22, 2002
Commercial insurance premiums have risen up to 73 percent in the city since the World Trade Center attack and insurance for commercial property has become much more difficult to obtain, according to a report issued last week by city Comptroller William Thompson. (Downtown Express)

Rebuilding Agency To Look At Chinatown Traffic Problems - Nov 22, 2002
State and city officials are asking consulting companies for ideas on how to fix Chinatown's transportation woes, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation announced last week. The study will identify the major transportation issues in Chinatown and suggest ways to remedy the problems, officials said. Sections of Park Row, a major thoroughfare connecting parts of Broadway to Chinatown, have been closed since Sept. 11 for security reasons. (Downtown Express)

Design Announced For 7 World Trade Center - Nov 21, 2002
Developer Larry Silverstein released his designs for a new 7 World Trade Center on Wednesday. The 750-foot glass and steel office tower will have reinforced concrete walls, increased amounts of structural steel, double the required fireproofing materials and wider staircases than required by code. Located across Vesey Street from the trade center site, the $700-million tower will be the first building to rise again at Ground Zero. (Newsday)

Planners Commit To Doubling Retail Space At Ground Zero - Nov 21, 2002
The chairman of the company that holds the rights to build retail stores at the World Trade Center site said yesterday that officials assured him that his company, which has been quiet in public discussions about the rebuilding of Lower Manhattan, will now have a more active role in planning the effort. Frank Lowy, chairman of the Westfield Group, an Australian operator of shopping malls, said that in a meeting yesterday, senior officials from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation also committed to trying to build more than twice the amount of retail space that existed on Sept. 11, 2001. (New York Times)

Congressman Nadler Slams Federal Cleanup Program For Downtown - Nov 21, 2002
tacking an apartment cleanup plan in lower Manhattan as a ÒcharadeÓ, Congressman Jerrold Nadler said Wednesday the federal government is avoiding stringent testing and cleanup measures and using inadequate methods to rid homes of World Trade Center dust. (Newsday)

NYC Bridges Getting Security Cameras - Nov 21, 2002
The NYPD will position surveillance cameras on several of the city's bridges as part of its expanding war on terror, Police Commissioner Ray Kelly said yesterday. The cameras will augment the cops already positioned at the crossings to inspect vehicles that could be carrying explosives. Kelly declined to say which crossings were getting the cameras. (New York Post)

Larry Silverstein To Announce Plans for 7 World Trade Center - Nov 20, 2002
Marking an important step in the rebuilding of ground zero, developer Larry Silverstein is set to release plans on Wednesday for a new 7 World Trade Center, just north of where the twin towers stood. The 52-story lower Manhattan office tower will incorporate "cutting-edge safety and environmental features," Silverstein's spokesman, Howard Rubenstein, said Tuesday. The new building will be narrower than its 47-story predecessor so that Greenwich Street, formerly cut off by 7 World Trade Center, can be restored. (Newsday)

Federal Victims Fund Master Insults Staten Island - Nov 20, 2002
The man in charge of doling out federal funds to Sept. 11 victims' families called Staten Island a "Third World country" - prompting cries yesterday for his firing. Representative Vito Fossella urged Attorney General John Ashcroft to fire Kenneth Feinberg, the Victim Compensation Fund's special master. But Feinberg insisted last night he has no plans to leave -- even after issuing an apology for the slur. (New York Daily News)

Insurance Companies Revisit Terrorism Insurance For Transit Authority - Nov 20, 2002
If a terror attack were to strike the city's subways or any of the MTA-run bridges and tunnels, the agency's policy would cover only $100 million in property damages, officials said yesterday. "Anything over that figure, we are not covered for," said Gary Caplan, the MTA's director of budgets and financial management. The MTA said the $100 million terrorism policy, which has a $30 million deductible, was the most it could afford. Pre-Sept. 11, the MTA had a policy with $1.5 billion in coverage for all disasters, including terrorism. (New York Post)

127 Airport Workers Face Charges of Hiding Past - Nov 20, 2002
127 current and former workers at La Guardia and Kennedy International Airports who were recently arrested, or who face arrest, have one thing in common, federal, state and local authorities said yesterday: they received security clearances at the airports either by lying about their criminal histories or by presenting fake identification. (New York Times)

Chinatown Still Struggling After September 11 - Nov 19, 2002
More than a year after the terrorist attacks, Chinatown is struggling to recover economically, according to a report by the Asian American Federation of New York. The neighborhood's largest employer, the garment industry, has been particularly slow. Before 9/11, there were about 250 garment factories in Chinatown; a year later, a quarter, or 65 factories, have closed. Restaurants and jewelry stores are suffering as well with business over the summer down 40 to 60 percent. Most of the dislocated workers in Chinatown are women between the ages of 41 and 54. (Asian American Federation)

Talks On Airport-Ground Zero Land Swap Not Progressing - Nov 19, 2002
A land swap proposal that would have given the city control of Ground Zero and a much-needed cash infusion is dead, according to the Daily News. The general outline of the deal, first floated in August, called for the city to trade Kennedy and LaGuardia airports to the Port Authority for the 16-acre World Trade Center site. But the short-lived talks never progressed far enough to involve specific financial terms, officials said. (New York Daily News)

Critics Pan Commuter Subway - Nov 19, 2002
A superfast subway train for Long Island commuters going downtown won't save enough time to be worth the multibillion-dollar price tag, critics say. The Civic Alliance to Rebuild Downtown, a coalition of more than 75 business, community and environmental groups, voted last week to oppose the plan floated by Brookfield Financial Properties, which could take five years to build. About two-thirds of potential commuters using the so-called "supershuttle" would only save three minutes or less, according to their analysis. (Newsday)

Fuel in Storage Inside Buildings Raises Security Concern - Nov 19, 2002
Tens of thousands of gallons of diesel fuel, used for huge backup generators and air-conditioners, are stored in a half-dozen big buildings in Manhattan, posing a potentially lethal hazard in the event of an accident or a terrorist attack. The city's Buildings and Fire Departments are investigating the fuel tanks at the buildings because of the similarities to the situation at 7 World Trade Center, where thousands of gallons of burning fuel may have contributed to the collapse of that skyscraper after the terrorist attack on Sept. 11, 2001. (New York Times)

Subway Workers Lack Terror Training - Nov 19, 2002
Despite repeated requests, subway workers have gotten no training in what to do if the transit system is hit by a chemical or biological attack, union leaders charged yesterday. "If a terrorist attack were to happen in the subways, our workers wouldn't know what to do," said Jimmy Willis, a top official of Transport Workers Union Local 100. He said his union has asked the MTA to train its subway employees - especially in evacuation procedures. Those requests, he said, have fallen on deaf ears. (New York Post)

Officials Debate How To Unveil New Ground Zero Plans - Nov 18, 2002
Ground Zero planners are grappling with how best to show the public the new round of World Trade Center designs set to be unveiled next month. The designs, replete with memorial and office spaces, will be completed before the middle of December. The possibilities for exhibiting the new designs include a live broadcast at the glass atrium Winter Garden, which overlooks the site. Each design team would be given about 20 minutes of air time to detail its work. A tape of the broadcast then could be distributed to TV outlets. (New York Daily News)

Post-9/11 Immigrant Treatment Protested - Nov 17, 2002
About 200 people marched yesterday in lower Manhattan against the government's post-September 11 treatment of immigrants. Wearing signs such as "Stand Against Racial Profiling," demonstrators sloshed from One Police Plaza about four blocks to the Jacob Javits Federal Plaza, chanting against detentions and deportations. (Newsday)

More Trouble in Chinatown as Job-Training Effort Fails - Nov 17, 2002
The organization that provides most of the nonprofit job training in Chinatown has eliminated its program for dislocated workers, causing worries in a community still reeling from a battered economy and the aftershocks of the Sept. 11 attack. The organization, Chinatown Manpower Project, sent a letter to the New York City Department of Employment in September, saying it would not continue its four-year contract with the city because it could not meet its performance goals. (New York Daily News)

Firefighters To Protest Claims of Looting From Book - Nov 17, 2002
Furious FDNY members are gearing up for a protest on Monday against a book claiming New York's Bravest looted World Trade Center stores while the twin towers burned. William Langewiesche, author of "American Ground: Unbuilding the World Trade Center," accuses firefighters of loading pairs of jeans from a Gap store in the mall beneath the twin towers onto their Ladder 4 truck while the terror attacks unfolded. (New York Daily News)

Street Renamed To Honor Firefighter - Nov 17, 2002
A Bronx street was renamed yesterday in honor of a firefighter whose voice is heard extensively on the audio tape of the Sept. 11 response recently released by the Port Authority. (New York Post)

Some Victims' Families Feel Influence on 9/11 Memorial Slipping Away - Nov 16, 2002
One of the most potent political forces to rise from the aftermath of the attack on the World Trade Center -- the widows and other family members of those killed last year on Sept. 11 -- has found its influence over the rebuilding and memorial efforts gradually but significantly eroding. (New York Times)

September 11 Tape Recording of Firefighters Stirs Controversy - Nov 16, 2002
A 73-minute recording of firefighter conversations in the south tower of the World Trade Center was released yesterday, heightening the dispute between the city and firefighters over whether crucial communication equipment failed Sept. 11. The tapes seem to suggest the signal-boosting repeater used to amplify and retransmit radio signals worked in the south tower -- while few radio conversations in the north tower are heard. An earlier study endorsed by Mayor Bloomberg and Fire Commissioner Nicholas Scoppetta had blamed malfunctioned equipment for contributing to the deaths of the 343 FDNY members who died in the terrorist attack. (New York Daily News)

IRS to Tax $281 Million in 9/11 Aid - Nov 15, 2002
The IRS is going after $281 million in post-Sept. 11 aid being used to entice people to live near Ground Zero. The Internal Revenue Service said yesterday tax bills will vary depending on where a tenant or homeowner lives and which type of housing aid granted. (New York Daily News)

Two Boards Are Appointed to Guide Sept. 11 Memorial - Nov 15, 2002
The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation appointed two committees this week to oversee the 9/11 memorial effort, as part of what the agency's chairman called a "new phase" in rebuilding downtown. He also said yesterday that the public would be able to see exhibits next month showing the new plans for the World Trade Center site. Advertisement (New York Times)

Whitehead Defends LMDC Record - Nov 15, 2002
Lower Manhattan Development Corp. chairman John Whitehead defended his agency's record yesterday, claiming it has laid a strong foundation for downtown's redevelopment. Site plans being developed by reputable architectural teams will be publicly displayed by year's end and a memorial competition will follow, said Whitehead, fending off reports that he might leave. (Newsday)

Scarcity Of Jobs, Housing Threatening Chinatown - Nov 14, 2002
More than a year after the Sept. 11 attacks, a new study presents a bleak assessment of Chinatown and says its existence is threatened by a lack of jobs and affordable housing.The unemployment rate was 12 percent among those surveyed in the area, almost double the city average, according to the Rebuild Chinatown Initiative, a coalition of community groups. (Newsday)

Downtown Questions Olympic Plan - Nov 14, 2002
Two of the leading representatives of Lower Manhattan say they are concerned that the city's push to capture the Olympics in 2012 may divert attention from Downtown transportation and rebuilding projects. Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver and Madelyn Wils, chairperson of Community Board 1 and a board member of the Lower Manhattan Development Corp., both said they saw potential problems with the Olympic bid, during separate telephone interviews. (Downtown Express)

WTC Families Angry at New Process for Planning Memorial - Nov 14, 2002
A group of World Trade Center families is lambasting a new process for crafting the Ground Zero memorial - charging that officials in charge of rebuilding are trying to silence the more vocal relatives. "There's not an open process and there should be," Jack Lynch said yesterday. Lynch, who lost his son Sept. 11, slammed the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. for creating two 11-member committees to plan memorial guidelines in virtual secrecy - without telling its larger family advisory council. (New York Daily News)

26 Arrests Made In WTC Charity Scams - Nov 14, 2002
Twenty-six people have been arrested in recent days on charges they tried to scam charity money or goods meant for victims of the World Trade Center attacks, the Manhattan district attorney's office said yesterday. The arrests involved a variety of alleged scams, including a morgue employee at Bellevue Hospital Center allegedly selling coffins that were donated for those killed by the terrorists, prosecutors said. (Newsday)

WTC Widows Demand Answers On 9/11 Probe - Nov 14, 2002
The White House insisted yesterday that it still wants an independent commission to probe the Sept. 11 attacks - but angry World Trade Center widows weren't buying it. World Trade Center widows were outraged to learn that the commission was stripped from President Bush's compromise homeland security bill, which the House passed last night by a 299-to-121 vote. (New York Daily News)

Comptroller: Insurance Industry Hiking Premiums for High Rises - Nov 14, 2002
The insurance industry is socking New York's landmark high-rises with premium hikes of 73% or more - out of fear that terrorists may strike again, city Controller William Thompson charged yesterday. (New York Daily News)

Silver: More Input on Rebuilding - Nov 14, 2002
Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver expressed concern again yesterday that the agencies in charge of the redevelopment of lower Manhattan are making key decisions without seeking input from the legislature and the public. But Alexander Garvin, the chief planner of the Lower Manhattan Development Corp., disagreed during an exchange between the two men in a public hearing yesterday. (Newsday)

Designs Unveiled for Transit Hub at Ground Zero - Nov 13, 2002
Demonstrating the speed with which planning at the World Trade Center site is taking place, Port Authority officials showed early designs for a permanent transportation hub at the site today, incorporating many elements of the temporary PATH station that is already being built. The preliminary designs include a soaring glass atrium that would allow subway and rail passengers to see skyscrapers towering overhead from several floors below ground level, enabling them to orient themselves to where they are in the downtown landscape almost as soon as they step off the trains. (New York Times)

Victims' Kin Find Fault With Overseer of 9/11 Fund - Nov 13, 2002
With greater frequency and deepening anger, the relatives of the victims of the Sept. 11 terror attacks are growing disenchanted with the man who oversees the federal Victim Compensation Fund. They say he breaks promises, delays decisions repeatedly and provides conflicting guidance for a program that is intended to pay out billions in awards. (New York Times)

9/11 Families Back a Federal Role for Memorial - Nov 13, 2002
A group of World Trade Center victims' relatives backed a proposed federal bill yesterday to bestow national memorial status on the Ground Zero memorial. The bill would give the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. up to three years to create a memorial design - but would grant federal officials final approval. It also calls for the federal government to fund half the tribute's construction cost and pick up all the maintenance tab once it's done. The National Park Service would maintain the memorial. (New York Daily News)

Temporary PATH Hub Will Become Permanent - Nov 13, 2002
A temporary PATH station being constructed on the bedrock of Ground Zero may not be so temporary after all. A top rebuilding official revealed yesterday that the bare-bones temporary hub between Greenwich and Church Sts. will be used as the foundation for a permanent station. (New York Daily News)

Federal Study Finds that 9/11 Cost NYC $36 Billion - Nov 13, 2002
A new federal study estimates the World Trade Center attacks cost the city up to $36 billion - a number that's drastically lower than the city's figures. The Federal Reserve Bank's findings, published in the November issue of its Economic Policy Review, said it will cost $11.2 billion to rebuild the twin towers as they existed before the attack. (New York Daily News)

New Study Will Examine Firefighters' Mental Health - Nov 13, 2002
The union representing city firefighters announced yesterday that it has launched a massive study of nearly half its members to examine their mental health and the factors that cause excessive stress on and off the job. The Uniformed Firefighters Association said the study will be conducted by Cornell University's School of Industrial and Labor Relations, which will poll 3,000 firefighters and 300 retirees. (New York Post)

Families Propose WTC 'Tomb' - Nov 12, 2002
Still reeling from the creation of a new committee structure to develop a memorial at the World Trade Center site, a coalition of 9/11 families is proposing a tomb-like structure to house unidentified remains of those lost Sept. 11. (Newsday)

Tall Tower Near Ground Zero Is Proposed - Nov 12, 2002
A developer who has built a dozen residential towers in the relatively safe environs of the East Side now wants to plunge into uncertain waters downtown, with a new 90-story skyscraper that would be the second-tallest building in New York City Ă‘ and only a block from Ground Zero. Trevor Davis has designs for a building that would be 1,050 feet tall, 4 feet taller than the Chrysler Building, but 200 feet shorter than the Empire State Building, on a block at Broadway and Fulton Street. (New York Times)

9/11 Tape Reveals a Gripping History - Nov 12, 2002
A recently released tape of 9/11 rescue efforts not only provides facts about a particular 78 minutes on Sept. 11, 2001, but also exposes what many see as a lingering diffidence toward searching inquiries into whatever broke down on that day, whether building codes in New York City or spy codes at the National Security Agency. (New York Times)

Congressman Calls for Federal Role in 9/11 Memorial - Nov 11, 2002
The federal government would help pay for the Ground Zero memorial and the U.S. Park Service would run it under a bill proposed by Manhattan Congressman Jerry Nadler. The legislation answers at least some of the concerns of a group of relatives of trade center victims, who have been pushing for a federal role. (New York Post)

Downtown Planners May Give FDR Drive a New Design - Nov 11, 2002
Planners overseeing lower Manhattan's comeback from the terror attacks are considering new designs for a portion of the FDR Drive south of the Brooklyn Bridge, officials said. The east waterfront access design has become a critical concern of planners -- and it is expected to be included when Mayor Bloomberg unveils his vision for lower Manhattan next month. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Funds Could Go to Cash-Strapped City Groups - Nov 10, 2002
Government officials are looking for ways to tap the $2 billion pot of cash controlled by the Ground Zero rebuilding agency -- the only act in town with money to spend. At a time when both the state and city face multibillion-dollar deficits, the federal funds given the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. have become increasingly attractive as a way to lessen the blow. Sources said city officials have discussed the possibility of allocating some of the agency's money -- some of which is required to be given to cultural organizations -- to groups that will have their city funding slashed. (New York Daily News)

9/11 Tape Raises Added Questions on Radio Failures - Nov 9, 2002
For much of the last year, New York City has said the devastating breakdown in fire communications at the World Trade Center was largely caused by the failure of an electronic device in the complex called a repeater, which was designed to boost radio transmissions in high rise buildings. Now, however, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey's analysis of its 78-minute tape of firefighter communications from Sept. 11 flatly contradicts the city's version of what went wrong. It raises the possibility that different factors Ă‘ failure of other equipment, design of communications consoles in the tower lobbies, or a simple mistake made at a moment of high stress Ă‘ might have accounted for the communications breakdowns. (New York Times)

WTC Planner Quits in Conflict - Nov 9, 2002
A Ground Zero rebuilding official quietly stepped down from his post this week because of a conflict of interests, the Daily News has learned. Howard Wilson resigned from the Lower Manhattan Development Corp.'s board because his law firm represents twin towers leaseholder Larry Silverstein in his billion-dollar insurance case. (New York Daily News)

Memorial Fence at St Paul's Chapel Being Cleared - Nov 8, 2002
A grass-roots memorial to the victims of the World Trade Center attack that grew in the last year from a few remembrances on the fence surrounding St. Paul's Chapel to a cluttered collection of tributes is slowly being cleared, one flag, one shirt, one doll at a time. One day a week, workers will clear away memorial tributes on 10 feet of the fence, five feet in each of two sections. The fence should be clear shortly after New Year's Day. (New York Times)

Pataki Plans Larger Rebuilding Role - Nov 8, 2002
After remaining largely removed from the details of the rebuilding of Lower Manhattan over the last year, Gov. George Pataki plans to take a more direct role in the process, state officials say, starting with considering major changes in the leadership and structure of the rebuilding effort. (New York Times)

Ground Zero Officials to Hire Mediator - Nov 8, 2002
Ground Zero officials are broadening their memorial planning process beyond victims' relatives - and hiring a special mediator to help put together the permanent tribute. The move, expected to be announced as early as today, follows Gov. Pataki's reelection - and leaves some victims' relatives worried that their input will be devalued. (New York Daily News)

New WTC Designs To Be Directly Shown to Public - Nov 8, 2002
The latest designs by Ground Zero architects will be brought directly to the public next month in two exhibits set up by curators from the Museum of Modern Art, officials said yesterday. Models and pictures of the designs will be displayed at the World Financial Center in mid-December, probably at the Winter Garden. At the same time, MoMA will display some of the same materials in its temporary space in Queens, said Terrence Riley, the chief curator for architecture and design. (New York Post)

Future Role of LMDC in Rebuilding Unclear - Nov 7, 2002
One year after its creation, the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. faces serious questions about its future - from who will head the agency to whether it will continue to exist. While it's unclear whether LMDC president Lou Tomson will leave by next year, critics say that the overall World Trade Center redevelopment effort lacks clear leadership. (Newsday)

Firefighters Sue Over Arrests in WTC Protest March - Nov 6, 2002
Eight firefighters have filed a lawsuit against the city, senior officials of the Giuliani administration and several police officers, accusing them of false arrest and imprisonment in a violent confrontation a year ago during a protest march to the ruins of the World Trade Center. On Nov. 2, 2001, more than 500 firefighters took part in the protest, which was called in response to the Giuliani administration's decision to reduce the number of Fire Department personnel assigned to a search-and-recovery operation at ground zero. (New York Times)

LMDC President Likely to Leave After Elections - Nov 5, 2002
Lou Tomson is widely expected to step down as president of the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. after this week's elections. Insiders say the decision would be a personal one: Tomson, a top aide to Gov. George Pataki during his first term, has been commuting on weekends to the Albany area, where he lives. Tomson's departure could set off a turf battle for control of LMDC between Charles Gargano, chairman of LMDC's parent agency, Empire State Development, and Deputy Mayor Daniel Doctoroff, Mayor Michael Bloomberg's point person for rebuilding lower Manhattan. (Crain's New York Business)

Many Insurance Claims for Losses Caused by 9/11 Have Not Yet Been Paid - Nov 5, 2002
Within five months after terrorists struck the World Trade Center, insurance companies paid more than $16 billion in claims for damage from the attack, providing a sharp boost to New York's struggling economy. But the flow has slowed: so far this year, the insurance companies have paid $3 billion in claims. The payments have slowed, industry experts said, because insurance companies and their customers have taken care of the easiest claims, and now they are dealing with the most complicated ones, some of which may take years to resolve. (New York Times)

Lessons Drawn From Attack on Pentagon May Stay Secret - Nov 5, 2002
The World Trade Center report was completed and released last spring, but the Defense Department, fearing that the strengths and perhaps vulnerabilities of its headquarters were too clearly drawn, has held up the Pentagon study in a classification review and may never allow it to be publicly released. (New York Times)

City Says Olympic Plans Won't Hurt WTC Rebuilding Efforts - Nov 4, 2002
The city's $5-billion commitment to the 2012 Olympic Games will not overshadow its commitment to the World Trade Center site, promised government and labor leaders, who applauded the economic impact of the summer games. Rather than taking resources from the redevelopment of lower Manhattan, the bid will help the city rebuild long after the "extraordinary spirit" generated by the Sept. 11 attacks has faded, said Deputy Mayor Daniel Doctoroff, who leads the downtown rebuilding effort and the Olympic bid. (Newsday)

Sept. 11 Death Toll Declines as 2 People Are Found Alive - Nov 3, 2002
Two more names have been removed from the count of World Trade Center victims after a Florida man and a New York City woman were found alive, discoveries that bring the death toll from the Sept. 11 attack in New York City down to 2,795. (New York Times)

WTC Families Call for Half of Site to Be Used as Memorial - Nov 2, 2002
Worried that rebuilding officials haven't heard their wishes, a group of Sept. 11 victims' families implored architects designing new Ground Zero plans yesterday to use roughly half the site for a permanent memorial. In a letter sent to the six teams recently charged with crafting new visions for the site, the relatives asked them to honor the "bathtub" area, a 9-acre swath of land that includes the twin towers' footprints. (New York Daily News)

Vocal Groups Continue to Call for Rebuilt Towers - Nov 2, 2002
Politicians and planners have repeatedly dismissed the idea of rebuilding the World Trade Center towers, saying it is not economically feasible because few people want to work 100 stories above ground, especially at ground zero. But a few vocal groups of tower supporters insist that a large segment of the public is on their side. These small groups, which say they have gathered thousands of names on petitions in support of their goal, have continued to put up billboards, manage Web sites, speak and pass out leaflets at public hearings, often generating enthusiastic responses (New York Times)

Officials Accused of Distorting 9/11 Aid Statistics - Nov 1, 2002
New York's Congressional delegation and the leaders of several lower Manhattan organizations have accused federal and state officials of distorting the statistics of a major Sept. 11 aid program to make it appear that it had done a better job of distributing cash grants. The accusations involve the Individual and Family Grant program, which had been promoted by Gov. George Pataki as the ultimate safety net for people who had lost their jobs, had property damaged or needed to be reimbursed for air-quality equipment. (New York Times)

Assembly Speaker Says Lack of Accountability Is Slowing Rebuilding of Lower Manhattan - Nov 1, 2002
Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver yesterday accused officials overseeing the rebuilding of Lower Manhattan of avoiding public accountability by failing to publicly discuss and vote on proposals to spend billions of dollars in federal aid promised after the Sept. 11 attack. (New York Times)

Port Authority Continues Plans for Underground Walkway on WTC Site - Nov 1, 2002
Port Authority planners are still considering running an underground walkway below the footprint of one of the Twin Towers - even though families of World Trade Center victims and some development officials oppose it. (New York Post)

WTC Site Designers Including Much Office Space - Nov 1, 2002
Several Ground Zero architects are thinking bigger may be better - offering surprising designs that increase the office space on the site well beyond guidelines intended to trim the trade center's square footage, a development official said yesterday. (New York Post)



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