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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


October Trail

November Campaign Trail

In an often rowdy encounter before a hooting, cheering audience, Michael R. Bloomberg and Mark Green offered differing views last night on rebuilding New York, on improving public education and on what the city needed in its next mayor. It was the first of two debates between the candidates - Mr. Green insisted there be only two - and it was the first Spanish-language mayoral debate in the history of New York, the organizers said. Mr. Bloomberg, a Republican, presented himself as an independent- minded business leader who could push the city through difficult years. He painted Mr. Green as a career politician, indebted to special interests, be they builders that contributed to his campaign or unions that endorsed him. For his part, Mr. Green, a Democrat, portrayed Mr. Bloomberg as a wealthy, politically ungrounded novice. He noted that his opponent had no experience in government, and he mentioned frequently that Mr. Bloomberg was spending huge sums of money to win the mayoralty. He suggested that Mr. Bloomberg had displayed a lack of conviction by quitting the Democratic Party to run as a Republican, and mocked his explanation that he had done that because the Republican Party had "invited" him to run, while the Democrats had not. (New York Times)

Mayoral candidates Michael Bloomberg and Mark Green squared off yesterday in their first of two debates - a freewheeling exchange of ideas and insults that included taunts about the divisive Democratic runoff and the media mogul's $40 million campaign. Bloomberg, a billionaire Republican businessman, presented himself as a no-nonsense manager steeled for tough times and derided Green as a handmaiden of union bosses. Green, the city's Democratic public advocate, touted his government experience and depicted Bloomberg as someone who considers public service more hobby than career. The 90-minute faceoff waded into issues that have provided daily grist for the campaign - education, Bloomberg's record campaign spending, rebuilding lower Manhattan. But the exchange may go unheard - or possibly misunderstood - by many New Yorkers since it was broadcast only in Spanish on WADO-AM radio and at a time (4 to 5:30 p.m.) when most people are working. Bloomberg is trailing by 16 points in recent polls - a big gap to overcome in seven days in a city where Democrats outnumber Republicans 5 to 1. (Daily News)

Mark Green warned yesterday that the $4-to-6-billion deficit that the city is expected to face next year is its greatest fiscal crisis since it nearly went bankrupt in the 1970's, and he said that he has "the experience in government to make hard choices, tell the public hard truths and take the heat." For the most part, Mr. Green avoided talking about specific cuts that he would make if he was elected mayor, except to reiterate his support for a temporary hiring freeze on all city workers other than teachers, police officers and firefighters. Although he still spoke about paying teachers more and hiring more of them to shrink class sizes, he made it clear that such goals would now take longer to achieve. "Look, if the fiscal situation worsens and we have the worst fiscal crisis in a half-century, of course terrible things would be on the triage table," Mr. Green said during a 45- minute breakfast interview yesterday with reporters and editors of The New York Times. "And if you'd like to ask me, one by one, what they are and what I would do, I'd say everything's on the table because the goal is to make the city economically and fiscally whole." (New York Times)

It was hailed as a coup for Spanish-language media - El Diario, WXTV and WADO-AM won the right to sponsor the first of two debates between Mark Green and Michael Bloomberg. But as the debate began at 4 p.m. yesterday, the mayoral candidates were nowhere to be found on WXTV (Channel 41). Instead, the station kept to its regular schedule, airing "El Gordo y la Flaca" ("The Fat Man and the Skinny Woman") - a talk show whose standard bits include the "Fat Man" host interviewing bikini-clad women in a hot tub. Channel 41 also refused to preempt its soap operas last night to show the 90-minute debate on tape delay. "Those shows have a very loyal following, and you preempt them at your own peril," spokesman Ted Faraone said. He said Channel 41 would broadcast a one-hour special on the debate at 10 a.m. Saturday. So yesterday's debate could not be seen in its entirety on local TV - leaving Team Bloomberg fuming at the campaign, which picked yesterday's debate sponsors. "Mark Green knows the more people see him, the less they like him," said Bloomberg aide Ed Skyler. (Daily News)

Yesterday's Spanish-language mayoral debate between Michael Bloomberg and Mark Green was a little bit like the United Nations coming to a rowdy high-school class. Equipped with earpieces that translated their questions into English, both candidates packed the auditorium at the New School with supporters who hooted, hollered and laughed at even the lamest joke made by their respective political hero. Two men in the audience exchanged some not-so-nice words - even while the 90-minute debate trudged on. (New York Post)

Michael Bloomberg trotted out his biggest fan yesterday - his 92-year-old mother. Meanwhile, on the steps of City Hall, Democratic rival Mark Green picked up the endorsement of Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver (D-Manhattan) and 50 members of the city's Assembly delegation. Bloomberg countered with three endorsements in Harlem: the Rev. Simon Bouie, senior pastor of Emanuel AME; the Rev. Michael Faulkner, senior past at Central Baptist, and the African-American Women Republican Institute. (Daily News)

Whatever happens in next week's mayoral election, those who joined the Mike Bloomberg campaign are already big winners-moneywise. The multibillionaire is funding his mayoral race out of his personal fortune, and his campaign has been a major score for a slew of political and policy gurus. (Village Voice)

Can Mark Green win back the hearts and minds of black and Latino voters? If the shunned Democratic mayoral nominee wants to atone for participating in the most divisive political campaign since Ed Koch's 1988 assertion that Jews would be crazy to vote for Jesse Jackson, he must bow to a list of six conditions, the Voice has learned. These conditions are contained in a strongly worded letter that Brooklyn assemblyman Roger L. Green, the powerful chair of the state's Black, Puerto Rican, and Hispanic Caucus, quietly dispatched to Mark Green four days after the bruising October 11 runoff. (Village Voice)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green went on the attack yesterday, answering an assault by Michael Bloomberg with his first negative TV ad - accusing his rival of wanting to strip city schools of computers and funds. Meanwhile, Bloomberg has flooded the airwaves with an ad that features Mayor Rudy Giuliani. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg, a lifelong Boston Red Sox fan, will spend up to $1.47 million running his campaign ads during the World Series games. (NY Post)

Mark Green stood yesterday at the latest in a series of news conferences with unions jumping onto his campaign train - this time the giant health care workers' union, led by Dennis Rivera - when he decided to take a gamble. Several reporters had asked about Mr. Rivera's evident lack of enthusiasm for Mr. Green, so Mr. Green impulsively turned to Mr. Rivera."Let me ask Dennis a blunt question: Are you more or less enthusiastic in your endorsement of me than Rudy Giuliani was of Michael Bloomberg?" he asked. There was a moment of slightly awkward silence, then laughter. The expression on Mr. Rivera's face did not change, and he did not budge. Mr. Green moved on to the next question. (New York Times)

In the fierce race to succeed Thomas Ognibene, who is barred by term limits from running for re-election, the question is whether the 30th Council District, which includes Middle Village, Ridgewood and Glendale, Queens will continue to be represented by a Republican.Mr. Ognibene has thrown his support behind Dennis Gallagher, 37, the councilman's longtime chief of staff. Mr. Gallagher has deep roots in the district, having worked with Mr. Ognibene since 1991 and having been a member of the board of the local Y.M.C.A. and president of one of the neighborhood civic associations. His Democratic opponent, Elizabeth Crowley, 23, is an active member of local chapter of the building trades council and is a decorative painter and home restorer. She is also the bearer of a family name that has a history in this part of Queens. Ms. Crowley is a cousin of Representative Joseph Crowley and the daughter of Walter and Mary Crowley, both of whom represented many of the same neighborhoods in the City Council. (NY Times)

Michael Bloomberg and Mark Green participated in what was called an "undebate," back-to-back half-hour television interviews, because Green refused to debate Bloomberg directly. While Green attacked Bloomberg for not having government experience, Bloomberg portrayed that as a plus and defended his decision to spend more than $40 million of his own money on his mayoral campaign. (New York Times)

Whoever is elected mayor will have to decide in his first few months in office how to close a multibillion dollar deficit projected for the city next year. Neither Mark Green nor Michael Bloomberg has offered many specifics, but both candidates support hiring freezes for city agencies and talk about trying to increase the productivity of city employees. While saying he would seek ways to preserve essential services, Green has outlined some proposed savings, including consolidating criminal justice agencies, reducing the capital budget for jails and various contracting improvements. Bloomberg has ruled out raising taxes, but said he would consider having the city borrow more money. (Newsday)

Michael Bloomberg announced a plan for fighting bioterrorism, saying poor communication between the federal government and New York police department slowed the response to the anthrax scare in the city. The Republican mayoral candidate called for creation of a task force linking city, state and federal agencies and health care providers, for testing to be available at all times and for an increase in laboratory capacity to reduce the time it takes to get results of those tests. (Daily News)

The New York Times endorsed Mark Green for mayor saying his opponent, Michael Bloomberg, is "is ill matched to the job he covets." The editorial concludes that Green "has not been the most lovable candidate in New York City history, but he has demonstrated a deep understanding of the issues, a sensible approach to public policy, and the soul of a fighter. That may be the quality he will find most useful if he becomes the city's next mayor." (New York Times)

Mayor Giuliani finally endorsed Michael Bloomberg, praising the Republican candidate as someone who "has the background, varied experience, the kind of experiences" that could make him a great leader. Despite the mayor's popularity, observers question how much his endorsement would help Bloomberg, who is trailing in the polls. But Bloomberg aides were happy to receive the support and will use it in upcoming television commercials. (Daily News)

Mayor Giuliani's endorsement of Michael Bloomberg gives Bloomberg a boost in what many have characterized as his troubled campaign. But a big question is how much effort Giuliani can or will expend on the mayoral race. Bloomberg needs the mayor to make personal and television appearances stressing that Bloomberg is the person best suited to carry on his work and attacking opponent Mark Green. But Giuliani has limited time and is eager to avoid being perceived as too partisan at a time when he is so popular because of his role since the attacks on September 11. (New York Times)

Mark Green focused on his support from Rep. Charles Rangel (D-Harlem), Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-Queens) and state Controller Carl McCall as well as Crain's New York Business and the Empire State Pride Agenda gay-rights group. Green's appearance with black elected officials may indicate that the rift between Green and people who had supported the mayoral bid of Fernando Ferrer has at least partly healed. (Daily News)

Despite all the campaign rhetoric, neither Mark Green nor Michael Bloomberg has provided precise details of how he would address a city budget deficit that could reach at least $4 billion next year. (Daily News)

The Green campaign has canceled plans for a fundraiser at the home of Abraham Biderman, a former city commissioner and prominent activist in the Brooklyn Orthodox Jewish community. Biderman was one of the signers of a letter, published in the Jewish Press immediately before the October 11 Democratic runoff election, that accused Green's then opponent, Fernando Ferrer, of "dividing the city racially." It also accused Sharpton, who endorsed Ferrer, of inciting a mob against Hasidic Jews during the 1991 Crown Heights riots. (Daily News)

Republican Michael Bloomberg has already spent more than $40 million of his own money on his mayoral campaign, almost four times the amount spent by Democratic rival Mark Green. Bloomberg is financing his own campaign while Green is participating in the city campaign finance system. Last year, Hillary Clinton and Rick Lazio together spent $69 million for their Senate race, making it the mostly costly Senate campaign ever. Bloomberg now seems on the road to spending $50 million, far more than either Clinton or Lazio. (Daily News)

Mark Green refunded $13,500 in contributions yesterday from three contractors whose firm oversaw the renovation project in which five workmen died in a scaffolding collapse. Stephen Green, a real estate titan who is the public advocate's older brother, had solicited the donations from the firm, Nesa Roofing and Restoration. A company Stephen Green controls, SL Green Leasing, had hired Nesa for the renovation at 215 Park Ave. South, where the scaffolding collapsed Wednesday. SL Green Leasing manages the building. The Green campaign said it was returning the cash because of the "likelihood of an extensive investigation." (Daily News)

The United Federation of Teachers endorsed Mark Green for mayor yesterday after passing him over twice for the primary and runoff elections, causing renewed disagreements over education with his Republican opponent, Michael R. Bloomberg. (New York Times)

The three largest municipal unions -- United Federation of Teachers, District Council 37, and Local 1199 hospital workers -- are beginning to rally behind Mark Green, bringing their large memberships and celebrated get-out-the-vote operations to his candidacy. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg accepted the endorsement of the Amsterdam News yesterday. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg wants Mayor Giuliani's endorsement, but also is trying to distinguish himself from his fellow Republican. At a forum in the South Bronx, Bloomberg suggested his administration would be more inclusive than Giuliani's. "I was talking to a City Council person," said Bloomberg. "And they were complaining about something, and I said, 'Well, the last time you talked to the mayor, why didn't you say something?' And they said they've never met the mayor." During the same meeting, Bloomberg also criticized Giuliani's proposed 15 percent budget cut to CUNY as "penny wise, pound foolish." (Daily News)

The 43rd Council District, which extends from Bay Ridge into Dyker Heights and Bensonhurst, is an area of prim houses, busy shopping thoroughfares, and Giuliani Democrats. Now Democratic candidate Joanne Seminaria is hoping to unseat Republican incumbent Martin Golden. (New York Times)

Although aides to Mark Green are reluctant to say who might hold top positions in a Green administration, senior posts could go to some familiar faces,including people who have worked for previous mayors. These include former Police Commissioner Bill Bratton and former Emergency Management official Jerry Hauer, who both worked under Mayor Rudy Giuliani but have supported the Green candidacy. The inner circle in a Green administration could also include aides from his years as public advocate and from the campaign, such as campaign manager Richard Schrader, chief of staff David Eichenthal, senior policy adviser Barry Ford, chief spokesman Joe DePlasco and general counsel Laurel Eisner. Former Mayor David Dinkins and Assemblyman Herman (Denny) Farrell, the Manhattan Democratic leader, could also have clout in a Green city hall. Dinkins says he does not want a government job but "would want to be helpful." (Daily News)

Two weeks before Election Day, the Quinnipiac University poll shows Mark Green leading Republican mayoral rival Michael Bloomberg by 16 points. Green has 51 percent to 35 percent for Bloomberg, with 13 percent of voters still undecided. Green gets particularly strong backing from Democrats and blacks, while the two candidates are statistically tied with Hispanic voters. (New York Post)

Governor George Pataki yesterday endorsed Michael Bloomberg for mayor, citing the Republican candidate's leadership abilities and business background. Mayor Giuliani, though, has still not made a similar move. "When I'm ready to do that, then I'll make a decision," Giuliani said. (New York Post)

With Michael Bloomberg encountering difficulties in his campaign for mayor, a number of Republicans have expressed concern over the way the campaign is proceeding and note how tough it is for a first-time candidate to succeed in New York politics. The task facing Bloomberg is especially daunting because he is running as a Republican in a city where Democrats outnumber Republicans five to one. Further, the campaign is short because of the postponement of the primary election, and voters are preoccupied with world events, the World Trade Center attacks--and the Yankee. (New York Times)

Mark Green and Michael Bloomberg seem to have switched roles. Green, who has spent a career as an outsider, is now the confident front-runner, refusing to debate, appearing with law-and-order supporters and avoiding his opponent. Bloomberg, a billionaire Republican, is the challenger and protest candidate, offering himself as the choice for disaffected minority voters and allying himself with Independence Party followers of Lenora Fulani, the former presidential candidate who once criticized fellow black activists for their willingness to "pander to Jews."

As part of this, Green advisers are reportedly trying to keep Mayor Giuliani from endorsing Bloomberg. Meanwhile, Bloomberg has won the Independence Party line on the ballot, so Democrats who like Bloomberg but do not like voting for Republicans can cast ballots for him. But the support could hinder his efforts to win over moderate Democrats and Jews who dislike Fulani. (New York Observer)

The Bloomberg campaign yesterday quoted from a book rival Mark Green wrote 20 years ago to try portray Green as a defender of Soviet tyrant Joseph Stalin. The charges is seen as part of an attempt by the Republican mayoral candidate to question the move by Green to the political center. "Mark is a very liberal, leftist kind of guy," Bloomberg said yesterday. A Green aide called the attack "complete crap and they know it."

Meanwhile, Mayor Giuliani has said he will not endorse Bloomberg "right now." (Daily News)

One of two election-eve phone campaigns bashing Fernando Ferrer for his political alliance with the Rev. Al Sharpton has been traced to officials of a Brooklyn Jewish community council. The recorded message went to scores of households in Brooklyn, most of them Jewish, the night before the Oct. 11 Democratic mayoral runoff between Ferrer and Mark Green. It is not clear who was behind a second similar, but more widely distributed, message. Senior officials of the Boro Park Jewish Community Council,which has been linked to the first phone campaign, did not respond to requests for comment. Green has denied having anything to do with the phone calls, which he has called racially divisive. (Daily News)

Citizens Union, a nonpartisan civic group, has announced its support for Michael Bloomberg for mayor, citing his business background and managerial skills. At least one member of the board of the organization, Stanley Brezenoff, resigned in protest of the decision, partly because Bloomberg is using his own fortune to finance his campaign. (New York Times)

The accord between Mark Green and supporters of Fernando Ferrer is shaky at best. (Village Voice)

With Mark Green looking on in approval, several of his top law enforcement advisers asserted yesterday that Michael R. Bloomberg was not qualified to assure the safety of New Yorkers in the face of the threat of more terrorist attacks. They recited statements that Mr. Bloomberg had made in the past that they said demonstrated his lack of understanding of policing and of city government. One adviser, William J. Bratton, the former police commissioner, went so far as to invoke the image of Times Square packed at midnight on Dec. 31 as a potential target for terrorism at the very moment that Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani's term will be ending. Asked if it was appropriate to raise fears about New Year's Eve, Mr. Green said: "When a lot of people congregate and there are terrorist threats, we have to make sure that we elect a mayor of New York City who has experience in public safety, has worked with the leading experts on public safety, and has spoken to cops on the street and in private meetings over eight years. That's not scaring people, it's just being realistic." (New York Times)

Republican mayoral nominee Michael Bloomberg portrayed Democratic rival Mark Green yesterday as an enemy of the NYPD, while Green assailed Bloomberg as unprepared to lead the nation's largest police force. Bloomberg also said he would extend his proposed citywide hiring freeze to teachers - a plan that brought swift criticism from Green and the teachers union. The vitriolic exchange, just 15 days before the Nov. 6 general election, focused attention on two major issues facing New Yorkers - public safety in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and the crisis in the city's public schools. On public safety, Bloomberg, a billionaire media mogul, blasted Green, the city public advocate, as a politician who reinvents himself each time he runs for office. (Daily News)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg said Monday that if elected, he'd stop hiring new teachers because of the city's economic woes and his desire to raise teacher salaries. Bloomberg's idea was criticized by Democratic nominee Mark Green as "defeatism," and the teachers union president warned that not replacing older teachers could balloon classes, which are already larger in city schools than in the suburbs. A hiring freeze would severely crimp Schools Chancellor Harold Levy's aggressive recruitment efforts at a time when two-thirds of the city's 80,000 teacher corps could retire in the next five years. The school system hired 8,500 new teachers this year and may lose another 10,000 teachers by next summer. (Newsday)

Mike Bloomberg enters the last two weeks of an uphill campaign without Mayor Giuliani at his side. (NY Post)

John S. McCain, the Arizona senator and champion of strict government regulation of campaign spending, campaigned yesterday on behalf of Michael R. Bloomberg, the billionaire businessman who has declined to participate in New York's campaign finance system and has already spent more on his mayoral campaign than any candidate in the history of city elections. (New York Times)

Democrat Mark Green evidently liked a lot of the people he met during his past 12 years in city government. He's relying on them, most of them veteran government officials, to help craft his policies in his run for mayor. By contrast, Republican Michael Bloomberg, a businessman making his first run for public office, is relying on a small group of academics-most with past political experience-to develop policy positions. The irony is that while Mr. Green is one of New York's staunchest liberals and Mr. Bloomberg hails from the conservative world of Wall Street, many of Mr. Bloomberg's advisers are more liberal than those advising Mr. Green. (Crain's New York Business)

Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer, who lost the Democratic mayoral nomination to Mr. Green in the runoff, moved yesterday to quash any doubts about their public reconciliation and to appear united in their opposition to Michael R. Bloomberg, the Republican candidate. Campaigning yesterday in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, Mr. Green was joined for the first time on the mayoral stump by Mr. Ferrer, who shook hands with voters and said he was backing Mr. Green in the spirit of unity created after the Sept. 11 terror attack. "I support Mark Green wholeheartedly," Mr. Ferrer said. (New York Times)

His primary contest behind him, Mark Green has emerged, unexpectedly and not by the design of his campaign, as the first Democratic mayoral nominee in memory who appears to owe no obvious debt to the major constituencies that traditionally stake a claim on New York mayors. With a few notable exceptions, New York's most influential unions, elected officials and party leaders "opposed Mr. Green almost through the end". Whatever the reason, the result may well turn out to be a welcome turn of events for Mr. Green in the final weeks of this mayoral campaign and, should he win, in a Green mayoralty.(New York Times)

Mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg has increased his spending on TV and radio advertising to at least $2.5 million a week. The pre-Election Day ad blitz puts the Republican on a pace to burn through nearly $40 million of his own money by the time his campaign ends. No candidate for any office has ever spent so much on commercials on a weekly basis in the New York market - not even Jon Corzine, who shelled out $60 million last year in winning a Senate seat from New Jersey. (Daily News)

The Rev. Al Sharpton is now the target of a tough new TV ad for the Conservative Party's mayoral candidate. "Thinking of voting for one of these guys?" Terry Gray says in the ad, as pictures of Democrat Mark Green and Republican Michael Bloomberg are shown. "Then you're also voting for this guy," he adds, as the commercial cuts to a shot of Sharpton. "Both Mark Green and Michael Bloomberg say they'd welcome Al Sharpton's support. I won't. I'm Terry Gray, Conservative for mayor." (Daily News)

Eight days after the last vote was cast in the Democratic mayoral contest Fernando Ferrer formally conceded to Mark Green yesterday, and joined a packed platform of elected Democrats, party leaders and union executives in an elaborate, if uneasy, display of unity. (New York Times)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg unleashed his first attack ad yesterday, a 30-second spot that quotes New Yorkers as saying Democratic rival Mark Green is racially divisive. The media mogul launched the TV ad less than a week after stating unequivocally that he would not use race in his campaign. (Daily News)

No rebuilding plan can succeed without the enthusiastic participation of the next mayor, and the two main candidates in the Nov. 6 election have offered very different proposals.Mark Green, the Democratic nominee, has proposed a city-state "superagency," accountable to the mayor and governor with input from other voices around the city.Michael Bloomberg, the Republican nominee, sees no need for an additional authority and says the next mayor should be the point person on the city's downtown's recovery. (New York Times)

For the first time since their bitter runoff contest, the Democratic candidates for mayor, Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer, met last night in an apparent effort to keep their differences from continuing to spill over into the compressed general election season. They met alone and neither would comment afterwards to the press. Then, Mr. Green met with Mr. Ferrer's supporters, including the Rev. Al Sharpton. The friction between Mr. Ferrer and Mr. Green has provided fodder for the Republican candidate, Michael R. Bloomberg, who has criticized Mr. Green several times this week for the tenor of his runoff campaign. In addition, Joseph L. Bruno, the State Senate majority leader, announced that the Senate's Elections Committee would hold a hearing in New York City on Wednesday to look into the runoff. A news release issued by Mr. Bruno's office said that the hearing would look into "miscounts, and allegations of vote fraud, racism and questionable campaign tactics." (New York Times) (Daily News)

With the mayor's race shaping up as a fierce battle over qualifications rather than issues, Michael Bloomberg decided yesterday to boost his resume a notch by boasting he has more government experience than anyone worldwide. "We deal with 100 national governments. We deal with 50 state governments," said Bloomberg, the billionaire founder of a financial communications company. "I have more experience in dealing with governments than probably anybody in the whole world." Democratic rival Mark Green, the city's public advocate, responded tersely: "He's funny." (Daily News)

It is official, or at least sort of official. With all machine votes counted, Mark Green leads Fernando Ferrer by 18,000 votes, virtually assuring that the public advocate is the Democratic nominee for mayor. Some 30,000 paper ballots must still be counted, making it mathematically possible but highly unlikely that Ferrer could still pull out a victory. The machine count gave Green 393,385 votes, or 51.2 percent of the total, while Ferrer received 375,356 votes or 48.8 percent. Paper ballots typically mirror the percentages recorded by machines

The count did not, however, end the controversy over the runoff voting and tallying. The Rev. Al Sharpton plans to file a formal complaint with the Justice Department, questioning why some election districts were consolidated for the vote last week and alleging a disproportionate number of minorities may have been required to fill out paper ballots. And lawyers working with Ferrer say they have documented cases in which machines malfunctioned or security might have been compromised. (Daily News)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg yesterday released his plan for economic development. He called for reducing the city's workforce by attrition, moving some city agencies from Manhattan to the other boroughs, and bringing industries other than finance to lower Manhattan, as well as a reduced state role in city affairs, including redevelopment after September 11. At the same time, Bloomberg proposed turning Governor Island, which is federally owned, into a center for new high school and college facilities. This, he said, would free up existing high schools for use as elementary schools and would overcome opposition to high schools from people who do not want them in their neighborhoods.

Mark Green, who is running against Bloomberg, dismissed the proposals from the Republican nominee as "displaying the naivete of a novice." (New York Times)

Michael Bloomberg and Mark Green clashed yesterday over what role, if any, the state should play in decisions over how to rebuild lower Manhattan. Bloomberg wants the city to control money and redevelopment, while Green has called for a joint city-state authority to rebuild. Whatever the two say, however, Albany is considered unlikely to surrender its role in the reconstruction efforts. (Newsday)

Mark Green participated in a mayoral debate yesterday, but it is safe to say he was the only one there with much of a chance to be mayor. Green, the Democratic candidate, shared the stage with Kenny Kramer of "Seinfeld" and candidates from the Marijuana Reform, American Dream and Green parties. Green was required to take part in the debate because he is participating in the public campaign finance program. Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg did not have to attend because he is not participating in the campaign finance program. (Daily News)

Republican Michael R. Bloomberg, inserting himself into a racially charged dispute among the Democrats, yesterday characterized the final days of Mark Green's runoff campaign against Fernando Ferrer as racially hued and said Mr. Green owed the voters an explanation. (NY Times)

Republican Michael Bloomberg tried to reap gains yesterday from a controversy roiling local Democrats by accusing Mark Green of conducting a divisive runoff campaign. (Daily News)

Mark Green's lead in the Democratic mayoral runoff swung to 19,000 votes in unofficial tallies yesterday as election officials tossed thousands of uncounted paper ballots. The slim hopes of Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer now hang on 34,000 paper ballots yet to be counted. Bronx Democratic Party chief Roberto Ramirez, a top Ferrer adviser, said the campaign "has as its utmost priority that every one of the paper ballots that are bona fide votes gets counted." (Daily News)

Mark Green has two big guns waiting in the wings for him - Bill and Hillary Clinton - as he waits to be officially declared the winner of last week's primary runoff. (NY Post)

Republican mayoral candidate Mike Bloomberg made a long-shot pitch yesterday for the endorsement of one of the city's most powerful and liberal-leaning unions - health-care workers Local 1199. But all Bloomberg came away with was a photo op and some kind words from union president Dennis Rivera, who had backed Fernando Ferrer for City Hall. (NY Post)

Officials of the city's Board of Elections are warning they can't be ready for the Nov. 6 mayoral vote, yet the board's Democrats vowed on Tuesday that the general election will take place that day, as planned. "If I have to go to the warehouse and set up every machine myself, I will," said Manhattan Democrat Douglas Kellner, who argued that the vote must go on. (Newsday)

Mark Green takes the heat for hate flyers passed out by supporters. (Village Voice)


As predicted, errors in the numbers reported last week have cast a shadow over the Democratic mayoral nomination, with several Fernando Ferrer supporters calling for a Justice Department investigation of the election. Mark Green's 24,031 lead is 5,775 fewer votes than was announced last Thursday, Associated Press said Monday as it continued to analyze the numbers. Total voter turnout was also inflated in the initial election reports and has been reduced to 763,065, AP said. Those numbers, however, are still unofficial. The official vote count will begin Wednesday at 10 a.m. and is expected to be finished by Sunday. (Newsday)

"It is premature to state with certainty what the outcome of this election is," board Deputy Director Joseph Gentili said in statement yesterday.But in a later interview, he repeated assertions that Green's victory was expected to stand after the ballots were counted. "There's nothing here that makes me believe the proportions will change," he said. (Daily News)

The results of the Democratic mayoral nomination remained in limbo yesterday, with no official vote count from the Board of Elections, and thus no certified winner.The leaders of the state and national Democratic parties both worked to reconcile Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer and their supporters yesterday, trying to head off any lasting rift between the two campaigns that could damage the party's chances of recapturing City Hall in November. (New York Times)

City Board of Elections officials - backed by Mayor Giuliani - are considering seeking a two-week postponement of the Nov. 6 election. (New York Post)

Four days after the polls closed for the final time on the extended Democratic mayoral primary in New York, relations between Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer were more antagonistic yesterday than during the campaign itself, in a lingering and perhaps, for Mr. Green, debilitating dispute over racial politics in the city. Mr. Ferrer's chief adviser, Roberto Ramirez, yesterday lodged a complaint with the Democratic national chairman, Terry McAuliffe, about his contention that Mr. Green had run a racially charged and unfairly harsh campaign. Another Ferrer adviser, Representative Charles Rangel, met conspicuously with the Republican mayoral candidate, Michael R. Bloomberg, and then held a news conference to offer warm words for Mr. Bloomberg, while lamenting the "the racist calls that were made, the racist cartoons that were sent." As of yesterday evening, Mr. Ferrer had still not returned the call Mr. Green had placed to him the day after last Thursday's vote. By Sunday, Mr. Ferrer had withdrawn the concession he had made on Thursday, releasing a statement that criticized Mr. Green's campaign tactics and took note of confusion about the vote tally. (New York Times)

If the fallout from the hotly fought runoff and the ensuing vote-count controversy was meant to make Green sweat about securing a strong turnout by black and Latino voters in the Nov. 6 general election, he didn't show it. During a stop in a senior center, Green went down a long list of prominent blacks who have endorsed him, from state Comptroller Carl McCall to rap impresario Russell Simmons, and later collected the endorsement of City Council Speaker Peter Vallone in front of City Hall. Vallone had backed Ferrer in the runoff. Green predicted Ferrer and Rep. Charles Rangel (D-Harlem) - who met with Republican nominee Michael Bloomberg - would come around to him as the party designee. And Green added he's certain the city Board of Elections will certify his victory when it finishes its official count. "Democrats are uniting behind me," he said. (Newsday)

Mark Green yesterday picked up the endorsement of Peter Vallone - a onetime supporter of Fernando Ferrer who urged the Bronx borough president to "throw the towel in" on becoming mayor. Vallone warned that by not backing Green, Ferrer is helping Republican nominee Michael Bloomberg's chances in next month's general election. (New York Post)

More than two months before the new City Council is sworn in, the race for Council speaker has begun in earnest, characterized by a barrage of letters, telephone conversations and meetings with incumbent council members and candidates who won last month's Democratic primary races. The contenders include three Democrats from Manhattan - Bill Perkins, A. Gifford Miller and Philip Reed - and three from Brooklyn - Tracy L. Boyland, Angel Rodriguez and Albert Vann. The race for speaker is conducted among the 51 council members, with the Democratic members, who traditionally hold a lopsided majority, essentially picking the speaker.(New York Times)

Mayor Giuliani yesterday ripped the city Board of Elections for its bungled vote count in the Democratic mayoral runoff and renewed his call to do away with the board. (New York Post)

Fernando Ferrer seized on reports that some votes were counted more than once in the Oct. 11 Democratic mayoral runoff to essentially rescind the concession he made to his opponent, Mark Green, declaring yesterday that "we don't know who" won the nomination and calling for a "fair, complete and accurate final count." Mr. Ferrer's statement came after the Board of Elections announced that unofficial returns reported on election night included roughly 42,000 votes that had been counted twice. A new unofficial tally by the board showed that Mr. Green still won the election, but that his margin of victory had narrowed by roughly 9,000 votes to 21,056 votes. Mr. Ferrer suggested the election's outcome was far from certain. (New York Times)

The unofficial vote totals in the Democratic mayoral runoff Thursday night, narrowly won by Mark Green, were overcounted by perhaps 200,000 votes or more, according to the city's Board of Elections. Joseph Gentili, the deputy director of the Elections Board, stopped short of saying that the final count - still under way - would change the outcome. Mr. Green received about 52 percent of the vote, according to the early unofficial returns, while Fernando Ferrer had about 48 percent. Joe DePlasco, a spokesman for Mr. Green, said yesterday that election officials had assured the campaign that the overcount would not affect the outcome. And, he added, Mr. Green appeared to have won by nearly 30,000 votes, and he did not expect that margin to change considerably. Elections officials said the overcount was the result of votes' having been recorded more than once in dozens, and perhaps hundreds, of instances. (New York Times)

As Mark Green tried to build support among black voters yesterday in Brooklyn, the Rev. Al Sharpton called Mr. Green's campaign tactics racially divisive and hinted that he might not endorse either Mr. Green or his Republican opponent, Michael R. Bloomberg. (New York Times)

The challenge Mark Green now faces in winning over minority voters was underscored yesterday by the Rev. Al Sharpton, who angrily accused Green of having "played the race card" in his bid to beat Fernando Ferrer. "You all think you forced us out of the game?" Sharpton asked, referring to Green's camp. "Good. Then we'll stay home and watch." (Daily News)

For six months, Michael R. Bloomberg presented himself as the independent businessman whose lack of experience in politics made him the ideal next mayor of New York. But running now in a general election campaign against Mark Green that will last only three weeks, that same scant electoral experience is stirring concern among Republicans about his prospects. (New York Times)

Democratic mayoral candidate Mark Green and Republican rival Michael Bloomberg fired away at each other yesterday in the first day of campaigning following the Democratic runoff. The candidates began exchanging barbs before the sun rose in a series of TV and radio interviews. Each argued passionately that his experience is what New York City needs following the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. "I'm a professional manager. He's a rookie. We want Joe Torres or Bobby Valentine. This is not the time to have a Little League manager in there," said Bloomberg, the billionaire media mogul who is running his first campaign for elected office. Green, who has served as the city's public advocate for the past eight years, said he's "going to fight" to become the city's 108th mayor. "If the public wants the person who has created and has made billions selling a gizmo on a desk, he's your guy," Green said of Bloomberg. "I have experience in government, an experience money can't buy." (Daily News)

Many of Fernando Ferrer's strongest supporters say they were outraged by what they considered heavy-handed and racially charged tactics of the Green campaign in the final days before Thursday's runoff election. And many of these supporters have insisted that, while Mr. Green prepares for his contest with the Republican nominee, Michael R. Bloomberg, he has significant repair work to do within the ranks of his own party. Congressman Charles Rangel, a Ferrer supporter, and Bill Lynch, one of Mr. Ferrer's main campaign advisers, plan to meet with Mr. Bloomberg on Monday. (New York Times)

Now that the Democratic mayoral primary runoff is over, Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani is making it clear that he meant what he said about wanting to stay. "Mike [Bloomberg] and Mark Green both agreed to the idea of a three-month additional transition," the mayor said during a guest appearance on Howard Stern's morning radio show. "And maybe we can still convince the Democratic State Legislature to go along with it now that the two candidates agree to it." Charles Carrier, a spokesman for Sheldon Silver, speaker of the State Assembly, said: "The Assembly Democratic majority's position on extension of the mayor's term has not changed. It will not be considered." (New York Times)

Public Advocate Mark Green won the Democratic runoff to be mayor by 52 percent against 48 percent for his rival, Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer. Out of a total votes cast of 804, 852, Green had 417,329 votes to Ferrer's 387,523, a difference of 30,000. Green's percentage in each borough is as follows: Manhattan, 61.3 percent; Brooklyn, 51.4 percent; Queens, 55 percent, The Bronx, 29.1 percent, Staten Island, 74.2 percent. (Daily News)

Against a backdrop of civic trauma and deep anxiety about the future of New York City, Mark Green won the Democratic nomination for mayor last night. He defeated Fernando Ferrer in a racially divided contest in which voters embraced Mr. Green's declaration that recovering from the World Trade Center attack should be the central focus of New York's next mayor. The victory by Mr. Green, the city's public advocate, derailed the second attempt in four years by Mr. Ferrer, the Bronx borough president, to become New York's first Puerto Rican mayor. But Mr. Ferrer came close to assembling a winning coalition of Hispanic and black voters, in a way that suggested that this election marked a new chapter in the continuing ethnic and political realignment in New York. One-quarter of the primary electorate was Hispanic, and the turnout of more than 800,000 was even higher than it was in the first round of Democratic voting on Sept. 25. (New York Times)

Former Parks Commissioner Betsy Gotbaum decisively thumped civil liberties attorney Norman Siegel in the Democratic runoff for public advocate, the city's second-highest office. Gotbaum had a nearly 2-to-1 margin over Siegel, based on a nearly complete vote count. With no Republican in the Nov. 6 general election, Gotbaum is nearly certain to take office on New Year's Day. (Newsday)

Mark Green gobbled up the lion's share of votes from people who cast ballots for Peter Vallone and Alan Hevesi in the Sept. 25 Democratic primary, exit polls showed yesterday. Even though Vallone endorsed Fernando Ferrer the day after he lost in the primary, some 80 percent of Vallone's backers went for Green, according to the survey by Edison Media Research of New Jersey. Green fared almost as well with people who originally backed Hevesi - snaring 74 percent to Ferrer's 26 percent. Hevesi endorsed Green in the runoff. (New York Post)

Ferrer got just 16 percent of whites' votes on Tuesday, while Green got just 16 percent of Latinos' votes. But whites outnumbered Latinos at the polls, and Ferrer, to win, needed about twice as many white votes than he received. Among black voters, Green picked up 29 percent compared with Ferrer's 71 percent, another lopsided result.Green's anemic support from minority Democratic voters wasn't the only discouraging news for him in the exit survey of 1,380 voters last night. The survey showed that 60 percent of voters who pulled the lever for him on Tuesday voiced reservations about him, compared with 40 percent with reservations about him on Sept. 25. One in seven voters said they wouldn't return to the polling sites for a Nov. 6 showdown between Green and Republican mayoral nominee Mike Bloomberg. (Newsday)

Green's victory over Fernando Ferrer in the Democratic runoff was propelled by voting patterns surprisingly similar to those that installed City Hall's current occupant, Republican Mayor Giuliani. Green snatched 84% of the white vote and 29% of the black vote against the Hispanic Ferrer, with some of his strongest margins coming from the Giuliani strongholds of Staten Island and Queens, where the city's white ethnic population is anchored. In the clearest sign of the irony for a frequent Giuliani critic, Green picked up nearly half his winning margin in Staten Island, a bastion of the city's conservative white middle class. (Daily News)

If the past is prologue - and the Democrats' 5-to-1 edge in registration shapes this election - the mayoral contest is Mark Green's to lose. But this year's vote for mayor, shaped by term limits and conducted in the shadow of the city's worst calamity, is already different than any other. Now, because the primaries were delayed two weeks by the World Trade Center disaster, the general-election campaign is unexpectedly short. So watch for the rhetoric to heat up quickly. Republican mayors tend to be a once-in-a-generation quirk. And the contest between Green and billionaire businessman Mike Bloomberg poses a man long steeped in public issues against a self-made success from the private sector. (Newsday)

Ferrer's staff tried to find solace - even in defeat. If nothing else, they said, there was satisfaction in having proved that black and Latino voters - the devoted core of Ferrer's support - had arrived as a dominant force in city elections."I think history will write that this election changed the political landscape," said Roberto Ramirez, the powerful leader of the Bronx Democratic Party and a key Ferrer ally. Added Ferrer, "You opened a door that will never be closed." (Daily News)

Elections officials and monitors reported generally smooth going at the polls yesterday, the third time in a month Democrats have been asked to cast ballots. (Daily News)

The lame-duck City Council will name a member from Brooklyn to the $141,000-a-year plum job of city clerk today. The coveted post is slated to go to Councilman Victor Robles, 56, a Democrat who has represented Bushwick since 1984 and was barred from running again this year by term limits. Robles is to succeed Carlos Cuevas, a Bronx Democratic stalwart who was first appointed in 1984 and was serving as a holdover in a six-year term that expired 16 months ago. The clerk is the official keeper and certifier of city documents, from mayoral executive orders to City Council legislation. He also runs the city's marriage bureau and receives city lobbyists' disclosure reports. David Dinkins served as city clerk before being elected Manhattan borough president and then mayor. (Daily News)

The New York Times has reiterated its support for Mark Green for mayor. While noting that neither Green nor his opponent, Fernando Ferrer, is "an ideal mayoral candidate," its editorial states, "But the differences between the two men, which were noticeable before, have stretched to formidable over the last few weeks. Mr. Ferrer is the product of the Bronx Democratic machine, and his career has hewed closely to the party organization's political rulebook. Mr. Green has always been a political outsider who had to fight for what he wanted, an idea man who specialized in problem-solving. In a time of quiet prosperity, perhaps either man could have handled the job. But now the city needs Mr. Green, who knows how to operate in uncharted waters."

The paper has also endorsed Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate. (New York Times)

The Daily News urges anyone who cares about New York to vote today, and to vote for Mark Green. "A Green victory is crucial to the city," the paper says, noting that he is opposed to raising taxes, "best equipped to deal with the economic downturn," and "committed to the city he loves." Previously, the paper had endorsed Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate. (Daily News)

The New York Post endorses Mark Green, commenting, "It speaks volumes about the choice facing voters in [the] Democratic mayoral primary runoff that The Post today endorses the candidacy of Mark Green." The editorial adds, "We don't agree with Mark Green about much." (New York Post)

In early September, the Village Voice endorsed Mark Green for mayor and Norman Siegel for public advocate. (Village Voice)

There has been a lot of grumbling about Mark Green in the days since he said he would agree to allow Mayor Giuliani remain in office for an extra 90 days. The Voice explains why it still supports the public advocate in his race for mayor. (Village Voice)

In early September, writes The Observer in an editorial, "we were adjusting ourselves to a world in which Public Advocate Mark Green, the perpetual outsider, would become New York's 108th mayor on January 1." But now after the terrorist attacks and the bid by Mayor Giuliani to extend his time in office, Fernando Ferrer has become the favorite. The weekly says, "In battling his way back from the dismal polls of summer, Mr. Ferrer has shown political smarts and no inconsiderable amount of guts. These days, such qualities are in high demand." (New York Observer)

Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer spent the day before the runoff election for the Democratic mayoral election trying to shore up support and make sure that their voters go to the polls. Green campaigned among black voters in Harlem and white voters on the Upper West Side, in Queens and Brooklyn, while Ferrer urged his union supporters to deliver a victory. Green picked up the endorsement of the union representing New York firefighters, the Uniformed Firefighters Association. (New York Times)

Unions are making a major effort to get out their voters for today's runoff election. The big unions, Service Employees International Union, the United Federation of Teachers and District Council 37, support Fernando Ferrer, but a number of smaller unions are backing rival Mark Green. Many are operating phone banks urging their members to come to the polls. (Newsday)

With the Democratic mayoral nominee finally about to be chosen, Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg is hoping to regain some of the spotlight. He has resumed his television ad campaign and hopes to announce his plans for economic development in the next few days. (New York Post)

The race for public advocate between Betsy Gotbaum and Norman Siegel is considered too close to call. (Newsday)

The gap in voting turnout between whites and Hispanics in the city narrowed considerably in the September 25 primary election, according to a new analysis prepared by Center for Urban Research at the City University of New York. While several non-Hispanic white districts produced high turnouts, so did several districts that are home to a substantial numbers of Latinos, particularly Puerto Ricans and Dominicans. The starkest example of this was Washington Heights, a district that is 80 percent Hispanic. Turnout there was 32.4 percent, compared with the citywide rate of 29 percent. That overall rate was significantly higher than turnout in the 1997 Democratic primary when only17 percent of those eligible came to the polls. But it was markedly lower than in 1989, when 50 percent of registered Democrats cast ballots. (New York Times)

John Baxter is demanding a revote, even though he won the September 25 primary for the Independence Party nomination for councilmember from the 32nd district in Queens. Baxter is upset that voters in minor party primaries had to use paper ballots instead of machines and that poll workers could not supply the proper envelope for Independence Party voters to put those paper ballots in. Joseph L. Gentili, deputy director of the city's Board of Elections, said election commissioners are "going to ignore" Baxter, whose name will appear on voting machines in his district for the November election. (New York Times)

The New York mayoral campaign is certainly one of the most critical elections in the city's history. Yet it may also prove to be among the least noticed - time and again overshadowed by events both global and local. As the campaigning for the Democratic primary runoff tomorrow moves into its final hours, the pull of these somewhat contradictory forces are consuming and confounding Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green. Over the past week, they have seemed to trade political personalities. The once cautious Mr. Green is suddenly running a forceful, hard-hitting campaign, unleashing an uncharacteristically harsh advertisement attacking Mr. Ferrer. The Bronx borough president seems intent on coming across as the confident favorite, much the way Mr. Green was acting only two weeks ago. (New York Times)

The Democratic mayoral runoff election grew nastier yesterday on its next-to-last day, with an exchange of attack ads on the airwaves, sharp words between the candidates and even a circuslike confrontation, complete with an acrobat, between supporters of Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green on a Midtown street. It began when supporters of Mr. Ferrer, including former Representative Geraldine A. Ferraro and Ruth W. Messinger, the former Manhattan borough president, assembled outside Mr. Green's campaign headquarters on Lexington Avenue near Grand Central Terminal for a news conference to denounce a Green campaign ad that calls Mr. Ferrer "borderline irresponsible" and asks, "Can New York afford to take a chance?" But chaos broke out as the news conference ended when young Green campaign aides poured out of the building with a street-theater counteroffensive. To draw attention to Mr. Ferrer's shifting positions on the death penalty and late-term abortions, Mr. Green's supporters chanted "flip-flop! flip-flop!" and gave out flip-flop sandals picturing Mr. Ferrer along with the words "Death Penalty" and "Choice." An acrobat, wearing a shirt that said "Death Penalty" on one side and "Choice" on the other, then began performing flips in the air. (New York Times) (Daily News) (NY Post) (Newsday)

It is all about turnout. With the contest virtually deadlocked, tomorrow's runoff likely will hinge on which side does a better job getting its supporters to the polls. And it appears Fernando Ferrer's camp has the advantage in getting out the vote, most political strategists agree. (Daily News)

A top Board of Elections official warned yesterday that there is not enough time to prepare the city's thousands of voting machines for next month's election. As a precaution, the board is printing thousands of extra paper ballots in case the machines break down during the Nov. 6 general election. (Daily News)

While the Rev. Al Sharpton, one of Fernando Ferrer's biggest backers, has been battled over by the Democratic mayoral hopefuls in the past week, the reverend has kept a fairly low profile. (NY Post)

Strategists for Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer say privately that they've taken a special interest in the L.A. race for its parallels and its differences. (Newsday)

Former Governor Mario M. Cuomo endorsed Mark Green for mayor yesterday. (New York Times) (Daily News)

The campaign of the Democratic mayoral candidate Mark Green unleashed the first negative ad of the runoff election last night, labeling his opponent, Fernando Ferrer, "borderline irresponsible" and a proponent of "higher taxes" and a "divided city." (New York Times)

An umbrella Muslim group is backing Fernando Ferrer - two months after it pulled back its endorsement of Mark Green. But Ferrer said he's "not interested." (New York Post)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer has squeezed out a small lead over Public Advocate Mark Green as they barrel toward Thursday's Democratic mayoral runoff, a Daily News/New York 1 poll shows, Ferrer at 46 percent, Green at 44 percent. This is a statistical tie, given the poll's margin of error of plus or minus 4.5 percentage points. An additional 10 percent are undecided. Voters who backed also-rans Alan Hevesi and Peter Vallone in the primary balloting are supporting Green over Ferrer more than 2-to-1, the poll found. But Green's gains have been offset by some erosion, especially among blacks. A key reason appears to be his support of - and Ferrer's opposition to - Mayor Giuliani's now-dead push for a 90-day extension of his term. The poll found 13 percent of Green's voters in the primary planned to switch to Ferrer. (Daily News)

Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver slammed the door shut yesterday on Mayor Giuliani's request for a 90-day extension of his term, saying the mayor's gambit was finished. "I've heard from enough of my members to know the Rudy extension won't happen," Silver (D-Manhattan) said in a telephone interview. "It's finished." The decision means that, barring unforeseen events, Giuliani's term will expire Dec. 31 and a new mayor will succeed him New Year's Day. (Daily News)

The candidates in the mayoral race in New York once again shifted to a more somber tone last night, this time with the commencement of retaliatory attacks by the United States military on targets in Afghanistan.The Republican nominee, Michael R. Bloomberg, and a Democratic candidate, Mark Green, continued to seek out voters in public appearances in Staten Island and Manhattan, respectively. But Fernando Ferrer, who faces Mr. Green in the runoff Thursday for the Democratic nomination, canceled a series of afternoon campaign stops in the Bronx as the military action continued. (New York Times)

In two back-to-back caustic and testy debates, Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green challenged each other's credibility yesterday, as Mr. Green said Mr. Ferrer had flip-flopped on abortion and the death penalty, and Mr. Ferrer disparaged Mr. Green for aligning himself with Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani's attempt to extend his term. With four days left before the Democratic mayoral primary runoff on Thursday, and polls showing those two Democrats in a dead heat, Mr. Green and Mr. Ferrer clashed with an intensity that had not before been seen in this campaign for mayor. (New York Times)

The terrorist attack on the World Trade Center has created sharp stylistic and policy differences between the two Democratic candidates for mayor, with Mark Green seizing on it as the central focus of his campaign, and Fernando Ferrer arguing that it should not overshadow existing problems confronting the city. The responses by Mr. Ferrer and Mr. Green expose the divergent views of the crisis by two public officials with very different political and personal backgrounds. Each is trying to measure the impact of the bombing on the city he is seeking to lead, and on his campaign for mayor, in the heat of a tight contest. The divergent reactions are the latest evidence, aides to both men said, that New Yorkers' response to Sept. 11 may vary based on where they live and their economic situation. Both campaigns are regularly polling voters to prepare for the primary runoff on Thursday. The central point of contention between Mr. Ferrer and Mr. Green is over where the rebuilding should occur. Mr. Green, the public advocate, who lives in Manhattan, argued that the city should swiftly replace the office space lost in Lower Manhattan. Mr. Ferrer, who has been the Bronx borough president for almost 14 years, said that some of the construction should be spread out across New York, and that the attack was "an opportunity to pursue much- needed redevelopment opportunities" in boroughs that have resented Manhattan's economic dominance. But the differences go beyond what or where to rebuild. (New York Times)

With polls showing the Democratic race for mayor a tossup, the two contenders have launched 11th-hour TV commercials targeting undecided voters. Public Advocate Mark Green's new spot, called "A Decade of Experience," pushes his years of public service and his "specific plan" to rebuild lower Manhattan, and bills him as the "Democrat who can lead in times of crisis." Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer's spot, called "Unity," features five prominent current or former elected officials, including ex-mayor Ed Koch, who passionately extols Ferrer's "intelligence and courage." (Daily News)

The Democratic campaign for Thursday's mayoral runoff took on a more personal tone yesterday, as Mark Green sought to portray himself as someone who would not change his opinions on issues like abortion and the death penalty for political gain - implying, none too subtly, that Fernando Ferrer is someone who would. While Mr. Green made his attack, there was a political spectacle of sorts in Brooklyn as Mr. Ferrer campaigned with former Mayor Edward I. Koch and the Rev. Al Sharpton - two former adversaries whose sudden jovial camaraderie marked another twist in a campaign that now seems to have had a lot of them. (New York Times)

The Rev. Al Sharpton says he doesn't want a job from Democratic mayoral candidate Fernando Ferrer - or any other candidate. "I have never engaged in patronage," he told applauding supporters in Harlem yesterday."All I ask is that whoever is in, that they do what is right for the people of this city. That's all I've ever asked," he said. (Daily News)

Roberto Ramirez, the Bronx Democratic leader, is wielding a great deal of behind the scenes influence in the mayoral campaign of Fernando Ferrer. (New York Times)

Roberto Ramirez is the former janitor who became a state Assemblyman - and later a powerful political boss - while working nights to put himself through law school.Kenneth Knuckles is a vice president at Columbia University. And Luis Miranda is a political operative so adept he managed to serve Ed Koch and Rudy Giuliani.These are among the closest confidantes of Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer, and a few of the architects of his first-place finish over Public Advocate Mark Green in the Sept. 25 Democratic primary. They also are among the faces that could populate City Hall should Ferrer win Thursday's Democratic mayoral runoff against Green and go on to best Republican Michael Bloomberg in the Nov. 4 general election, say those familiar with Ferrer's thinking. (Daily News)

Mark Green charged yesterday that Fernando Ferrer was not prepared to rebuild the city's economy in the wake of the attack on the World Trade Center, saying his plans did "not measure up to the crisis" and warning that his call to decentralize office space could break up the financial district. "Anybody who understands how integral financial services is to New York, anyone who understands the way markets operate, should know that you don't break up Wall Street," said Mr. Green, the public advocate and a Democratic candidate for mayor. "You don't break up Broadway, Detroit doesn't break up the auto industry, and New York doesn't break up downtown Manhattan and financial services." His remarks were the latest in a series aimed at raising doubts in the minds of voters about whether his opponent for the Democratic mayoral nomination, Mr. Ferrer, the Bronx borough president, was prepared to guide the city through the current crisis. (New York Times)

Mayoral hopeful Fernando Ferrer said yesterday that the Rev. Al Sharpton "wants nothing from me" and "will get nothing from me" in a Ferrer administration. "He won't be recommending or picking any commissioners," Ferrer said. Seeking to refute critics who wonder whether Ferrer's election would give Sharpton a large voice at City Hall, Ferrer added, "I owe him - like I owe all the people that pulled the lever for me." (Daily News)

Democratic rivals Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer are heading into next week's runoff in a dead heat - with signs that Ferrer's support from white voters is on the rise, a new poll yesterday showed. The Marist Institute survey - the first since the Sept. 25 primary - had Green and Ferrer tied with 45 percent each. (New York Post)

As the union representing New York City teachers formally endorsed Fernando Ferrer for mayor, its leader sought to portray him yesterday as the candidate who would rebuild Lower Manhattan and make New Yorkers feel safe without abandoning the goal of making teachers' salaries competitive with those in the suburbs. Randi Weingarten, the union president, harked back to the fiscal crisis of the early 1970's and warned that the impending recession must not have the same devastating impact on the school system. "Freddy understands that you cannot rebuild New York unless you ensure that our schools work for all our children," Ms. Weingarten said in a news conference at the Manhattan headquarters of the union, the United Federation of Teachers.But it remains unclear whether the union's 100,000 members who live in New York City will follow Ms. Weingarten's lead and vote for Mr. Ferrer in the runoff on Thursday. After the union endorsed Alan G. Hevesi for the Democratic primary, only 20 percent of teachers voted for Mr. Hevesi, compared with 29 percent for Mr. Ferrer and 32 percent for Mark Green, according to surveys of voters leaving the polls. (New York Times)

Republican mayoral nominee Michael Bloomberg has spent nearly $30 million of his own money in his rookie campaign - with a month still to go before Election Day, his campaign records show. Bloomberg's campaign spending is 2 1/2 times as great as the total combined outlay of the two Democratic rivals. (Newsday)

The New York City teachers' union voted last night to endorse Fernando Ferrer for mayor, giving him a clean sweep of the three most sought-after unions in local politics: health and hospital workers, city employees and now teachers. (New York Times)

Mark Green charged that Fernando Ferrer, the Bronx borough president, is unprepared to lead the city in the fights against terrorism and crime. And he accused Ferrer of waging a "polarizing" campaign. Ferrer has "said next to nothing on security and safety issues," Green charged. "When it comes to safety and security, it's all about citywide experience ... decisive leadership ... strong plans," Green said (Daily News)

The Rev. Al Sharpton's emergence as a central player in the Democratic primary runoff for mayor in New York presents vast political opportunities and a thicket of risks for both Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green.Mr. Sharpton's presence poses a complication in the two-way runoff on Thursday, as Mr. Ferrer searches for a way to break beyond the minuscule showing he posted among white voters in the primary. He is understandably wary of being held accountable for any excesses that Mr. Sharpton might display, like Mr. Sharpton's remark last weekend that in the wake of the September 11 attack, even Bozo the clown could have brought the city together the way Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani did. On the radio yesterday, Don Imus referred to Mr. Ferrer simply as "Reverend Al's guy." For Mr. Green, not having Mr. Sharpton's backing is highly problematic as he battles in a runoff with an opponent who is apparently succeeding at forming a coalition of black and Latino support behind his effort to become New York's first Puerto Rican mayor. But Mr. Green's advisers see opportunities here as well, providing they can untangle this political knot: How to link Mr. Sharpton to Mr. Ferrer in a way that will galvanize the sizable number of white voters who dislike Mr. Sharpton, without risking the loss of other Green voters. (New York Times)

A widely respected police chief from South Carolina - an African-American who is Jewish - is among the candidates for New York Police Department commissioner if Fernando Ferrer wins City Hall. Reuben Greenberg, the head of the Charleston police department, joins a short list of possible top cops who have experience fighting crime in New York City. Others on the list include former NYPD boss Raymond Kelly, Philadelphia Commissioner John Timoney, Baltimore Commissioner Edward Norris, and federal Judge Sterling Johnson, the former narcotics special prosecutor. (New York Post)

The two candidates for public advocate clashed in a debate last night, with Betsy Gotbaum stressing the velvet glove and Norman Siegel the iron fist. In a spirited and substantive encounter, Siegel said he would be an aggressive ombudsman who would not be afraid to tangle with the mayor and other officials on such issues such as making sure the pressure for public security doesn't infringe on individual rights. "I'm passionate, and I'll fight," he said, citing his experience as a civil rights lawyer and outsider and dismissing Gotbaum as "part of the [establishment] club." Gotbaum said she would stress "the ombudswoman function" of the post but would look to build public-private partnerships to get things done rather than take issues to court. She praised Siegel as a "brilliant lawyer" and civil rights champion, and added: "He's there making noise. He has a big mouth, and thank God for him. I think he should stay on the outside." (Daily News)

The city's Board of Elections yesterday certified the remaining results of the City Council races in last week's Democratic primary elections, including several that were initially considered too close to call. In a race in Flushing, Queens, the board certified John C. Liu as the winner. His closest rival Ethel Chen said that she was not convinced that the numbers certified by the board were accurate and that she would pursue legal action to force a recount. Other winners: Larry Seabrook, Michael McMahon, Charles Barron, Kendall Stewart, Alan Jennings, Leroy Comrie (New York Times)

A week before a Democratic runoff that will pit Mr. Green against Fernando Ferrer, the Bronx borough president, there is much soul-searching and hand- wringing in Greenwich Village, SoHo, TriBeCa, Chelsea and Battery Park City - overwhelmingly white, mostly middle-class neighborhoods that make up the 66th Assembly District. It is not the first time that voters in this district, a Democratic stronghold, are reacting to political events in unexpected ways. In 1997, more than half voted for Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, even though four years earlier the majority of them had flatly rejected him. Now, with thousands of bodies entombed in the rubble of the World Trade Center a few blocks from their homes, voters in this district may be gearing up to help rearrange the city's political map once again. Some voters who used to despise Mr. Giuliani - who has said he would like to extend his term by three months - now love him for his command of the city after the collapse of the twin towers. Some who voted for Mr. Green in the primary are ditching him for Mr. Ferrer because they like how Mr. Ferrer stood up to Mr. Giuliani's pressures to prolong his mandate. And still others, who had rarely ever voted Republican, are inclined to vote for Mr. Bloomberg because, they say, he is the only one with the business experience to resurrect Lower Manhattan from the ashes. (New York Times)

Mayor Giuliani announced that he would abandon his bid for a third term because any attempt to overturn the city term limits law, which requires him to leave office in January, would create too much acrimony. The mayor said he would still like to stay in office for an additional three months to help the next mayor with the transition. (New York Times)

In a 90-minute debate last night, Mark Green accused Fernando Ferrer of "risking divisiveness." The two Democratic candidates, who will face each other in a runoff primary on October 11, also offered their ideas for rebuilding the city after the World Trade Center attack. (Daily News)

While many observers had expected Mark Green to be aggressive in the debate last night, the public advocate took a cautious approach. (New York Post)

When Fernando Ferrer rejected Mayor Giuliani's bid to extend his term, the Bronx borough president gained a central cause for his campaign and a good chance of winning. But his anti-Giuliani posture will make it more difficult for him to capture the white votes he needs. (New York Observer)

Public advocate candidate Willie Colon, who came in fourth in the Democratic primary according to unofficial tallies, said he will ask the Justice Department to investigate alleged voting irregularities. Tonight, the two top vote getters, Betsy Gottbaum and Norman Siegel, who will face each other in a runoff on October 11, will debate. Fifth place finisher Scott Stringer said he would soon endorse either Gottbaum or Siegel. (NY Times)

Despite predictions that the tragedy of September 11 would depress voter turnout, New Yorkers went to the polls last week in numbers not seen in a decade, and produced some surprising results. In Queens, there has been a mini-revolution: Democratic primary voters selected their first black borough president, their first Hispanic City Council member, and the first Asian American to sit on the council. And in Brooklyn, where the Democratic county machine pulled out the stops for its favored candidates, those on the outs with the leadership won much of the day. (Village Voice)

The chemistry of the mayoral race has changed. For a variety of reasons - starting with Fernando Ferrer's decision to challenge Mayor Giuliani's attempt to stay in office, in contrast with his opponent Mark Green's quick agreement to the mayor's demands - the contest for mayor has taken a crucial and potentially decisive turn. (NY Times)

Former Mayor Edward Koch endorsed Fernando Ferrer in the mayoral race, yesterday, praising Ferrer for standing up to Mayor Giuliani and sharply criticizing Mark Green for failing to do the same. (NY Times)

The owner of a Queens company that was barred from school-construction work has raised $20,000 for Fernando Ferrer's mayoral campaign, The Post has learned. (NY Post)

How Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer used the mayor to define themselves. (Village Voice)

The race for Public Advocate-never a focus of much attention even before the world was turned upside down on September 11-has suddenly become a crucial contest. Created by the city charter changes of 1993, the Public Advocate's office has always been vaguely defined, with few concrete powers other than making its occupant first in the line of succession. It's a high-profile job with a small budget and no required heavy lifting. But the Public Advocate's race has been overshadowed at every step of the way; first by the mayoral and City Council contests, then by the attack, and now by the wrenching debate over Giuliani's demand to hold onto City Hall. But if voters glossed over the differences between the Public Advocate candidates before last week's primary, the players now stand out in stark contrast. (Village Voice)

Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani's chances of staying in office past Dec. 31 dimmed markedly today. State lawmakers declared the idea of extending his term by 90 days all but dead, and some in the mayor's camp said he would not try to run for a third term. (New York Times)

In what aides touted as a "major policy address," Fernando Ferrer said giving Giuliani an extension to manage the city through the World Trade Center crisis would "allow terrorists to force us into changing our system of government." He did not mention his rival in the October 11 Democratic runoff, Mark Green, who backs Giuliani's proposed 90-day extension. But, Ferrer said, "the willingness of anyone to capitulate in the face of a threat to our orderly constitutional transition of government" should "give every New Yorker pause." (Daily News)

"I actually believe that if - God forbid - I had been the mayor during such a calamity, I would have done as well or better than Rudy Giuliani," Mark Green said in an interview on WLIB radio. (New York Post)

Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver charged yesterday that Mark Green's support of a three-month extension for Mayor Giuliani is simply a bid to grab votes."Quite honestly, it is a political calculation," Silver said. "He thinks that the public supports" Giuliani's term extension bid. The swipe at Green came as Silver suggested that Giuliani could instead oversee the rejuvenation of lower Manhattan by taking charge of the Port Authority or by being appointed to a federal rebuilding post. The comments marked Silver's strongest words yet in the hot debate over Giuliani's future and the mayoral race. Last week, the powerful Manhattan Democrat left open the possibility of an extended term for Giuliani. But on Sunday, he said there weren't enough votes in the Assembly, and by yesterday, he was suggesting alternate career paths for the mayor. (Daily News)

Mark Green's decision last week to support Mayor's Giuliani request for a three-month term extension isn't going over very well with Democratic leaders. Green is having a hard time finding support for his position, even among political allies trying to install him as the next mayor. (New York Post)

Republican mayoral nominee Michael Bloomberg renewed a call yesterday for the Board of Education to develop a voice mail system, saying the technology would prove especially helpful during an emergency. "We should have a voice mail system, which would have been particularly useful on Sept. 11, where a parent can call up from any phone, any place in the world, any time of day or night, punch in a number and find out what is happening with their child," he said. (Daily News)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer today picked up the endorsement of District Council 37, the city's largest municipal union and one of the big prizes in the Democratic runoff for mayor. The 125,000-member union had endorsed City Council Speaker Peter Vallone in the Democratic primary. Green also picked up endorsements today, most notably from Queens Borough President Claire Shulman, and Helen Marshall nominated to be her successor. (Newsday)

The confidence of business leaders in the city's future has been shaken by the outcome of last week's Democratic mayoral primary and the efforts of Mayor Rudy Giuliani to extend his stay in office. Corporate titans fear that the city's ability to handle the enormous problems associated with rebuilding lower Manhattan could be undermined by political instability created by the mayor's ambitions. They are also unsettled by the two Democratic finalists, especially Fernando Ferrer. Many for the first time are considering backing Republican Michael Bloomberg. (Crain's NY Business)

Three weeks ago, Mark Green seemed a good bet to be the next mayor, in a soporific race. Now he's playing Rudy and Freddy in a scintillating power-politics poker game. (New York Magazine)

Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green continued to trade barbs yesterday over plans to rebuild Lower Manhattan and whether Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani should be allowed to stay on after his term ends, as each candidate tried to suggest - in the time- honored political tradition - that the other one started it. Mr. Ferrer, the Bronx borough president, also distanced himself from comments that a key supporter, the Rev. Al Sharpton, made on Saturday. Mr. Sharpton suggested that Mr. Giuliani had been excessively praised for his handling of the World Trade Center crisis and said that "we would have come together if Bozo was the mayor." Mr. Ferrer said that he "would have chosen far different language." (New York Times)

Clarence Norman, the chairman of the Brooklyn Democratic organization, was disappointed on Primary Day. Practically all of Mr. Norman's favorites lost. So did his brother (though Mr. Norman had not backed him). Mr. Norman was among the early and ardent supporters of Alan Hevesi, who came in fourth place in the primary for mayor. He was an enthusiastic champion of Jeannette Gadson, who lost to State Senator Marty Markowitz for Brooklyn borough president. But even more stinging were losses in races for City Council, contests to which Mr. Norman devoted considerable time and energy. Steven D. Cohn, a lawyer who is the executive secretary of the Brooklyn Democratic Party, lost to David Yassky, a professor at Brooklyn Law School. The bitterest defeat, perhaps, went to Letitia James, the endorsed candidate of Mr. Norman's organization in a district virtually at Mr. Norman's front door. Ms. James lost to James E. Davis, a police officer, minister and Democratic district leader. (New York Times)

September Campaign Trail

My Street Address:

My ZIP Code:

Find what city council district you are in -- and learn more about what's going on there, and who's running.

What is this?
Gotham Gazette's Searchlight on Campaign 2001 offers a comprehensive look at what is being called New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history. (See the left-hand column for an explanation).

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

Register To Vote or Be A Poll Worker

Voter Registration Forms
After printing and filling out the voter registration form, please send them by mail to:

Board of Elections
32 Broadway, 7th Floor
New York, NY

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Poll Worker Applications

After completing the forms, please send them to the address on the form.

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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