District 20 Queens
GOTHAM GAZETTE: SEARCHLIGHT ON CAMPAIGN 2001: DISTRICT 20

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?
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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-John C. Liu, Dem 10,522 - 55 percent
Ryan J. Walsh, Rep 6,296 - 33 percent
Paul D. Graziano, Grn 1,258 - 7 percent
Martha Flores-Vazquez, Ind 1,032 - 5 percent

Primary Election Results

Democratic Party
John C. Liu 2,759
Ethel Chen 2,557
Terence Y. Park 1,854
Richard Jannaccio 1,758

Green Party
Evergreen Chou 18
Paul Graziano 19
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: Julia Harrison (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:


Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Ethel Chen
Contributors to Evergreen Chou
Contributors to Martha Flores-Vazquez
Contributors to Paul Graziano
Contributors to Richard Jannaccio
Contributors to John Liu
Contributors to Terence Park
Contributors to Ryan Walsh

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 20

District 20 candidates' statements on the issues, at Savvyvoter.org


Campaign Tangle:

The legal battles over candidate's petition signatures are underway in district 20. Candidates Linda Mandell, Martha Flores-Vazquez, and Adrian Joyce have reportedly been knocked off of the ballot. (See Campaign Update below.) 8/03/01


Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

Turning "Invaders" Into Neighbors

After Councilmember Julia Harrison remarked in 1996 that the wave of Asian immigrants into her district was "an invasion, not assimilation" three Asian American candidates challenged her for her seat in the 1997 election. She won anyway, with 61 percent of the vote, very few of them Asian voters. But as Harrison is being forced out of office by term limits, one of those earlier candidates, John Liu, has decided to run again this year. Many say he is likely to become the first Asian-American ever elected to the City Council.

The prospect reflects the changing face of District 20, which covers the northern end of Flushing and now has the second highest number in the city of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.

Race:

  • 37% White
  • 35% Asian
  • 22% Hispanic
  • 6 % Black

Median income: $53,994, ranks 12 out of 51

Unemployment rate: 7%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

So it should be no surprise that only one of the four candidates was born an American citizen. John Liu was born in Taiwan, Ethel Chen in China, and Terence Park in Korea. Martha Flores-Vazquez was born in Puerto Rico.

The upside to this immigration is that Flushing, which goes back to 1654 and was the site of two World's Fair's, has become a village of many nations, with a bustling working class economy, and a constantly congested Main Street -- which is to Flushing what Broadway is to Manhattan -- lined with hundreds of crowded restaurants, banks and stores, most of them with signs in at least two languages. Few of these business, which are largely owned by Korean, Taiwanese, and Chinese, are chain stores or franchises -- though the best-known lately was the local Wendy's restaurant where five people were murdered. Despite the attention drawn to the Wendy's massacre, none of the candidates said that crime was a major issue in the district.

On the other hand, the presence both of newcomers and long-time residents have led to ethnic tension, which was reflected by Harrison's comment and the arrest last year of a member of the white supremacist group National Alliance, whose Flushing home hid an arsenal that included 8,000 rounds of ammunition.

"There is tension between immigrants and long-time residents," John Liu said. "We need to bring people together and find out what people are thinking. People focus too much on differences, we have more in common and we need to bring that out."

To do this, Liu would bring together community leaders and focus groups representing the various ethnic groups.

Ethel Chen said she would create a division to help the new immigrants assimilate, and offer more classes that teach English.

"The new immigrants don't know how to complain about their problems‰ÛÓor find jobs," Chen said.

The candidates also agree that education needs to be addressed

John Liu will look for more creative ways to fight overcrowding, including increasing school hours and staggering student schedules, and "building temporary class space until real schools are built."

Martha Flores-Vazquez believes that the City University of New York should roll back tuition and that New York City "should give enough money to guarantee education for all qualified." She also said that education will also help economic development. Ethel Chen believes that beautifying the areas with flowers and gardens around Northern Boulevard and the number 7 subway stop on Main street will attract more people to Flushing's business section.

"It doesn't cost money to clean it up and keep it up," John Liu added. "If it's clean, people will invest and we'll get the money back in tax revenues."

The media has given Liu the advantage in this race, and with good reason. He had already raised the maximum amount of money allowed for primaries under the campaign finance law ($137,000) by February. Ethel Chen and Martha Flores-Vazquez, have only raised $49,675 and $9,970 respectively. In addition to an immense financial advantage, John Liu also has the support of the borough's democratic political machine and has received attention from newspapers all over the country, including the Los Angeles Times.

Still, in spite of John Liu's apparent lead, Martha Flores-Vazquez believes that her ethnic background gives her an advantage over the other three candidates.

"The media is focused on who raised the most money," Flores-Vazquez said. "They are forgetting the large population of Hispanics. Hispanics are the second highest voting block in the district."

Regardless of which candidate wins, there will be a new ethnic representative in the Queens delegation of the city council. Even though it has become the most ethnically diverse borough, Queens currently has no Asian nor Hispanic city council members.


Campaign Update:

While most of the press coverage of the district 20 race has focused on John Liu and his bid to become the first Asian American in city council, there is also a first in this district for the Green party -- the first Green Party primary for city council in the city.

Two candidates, who only had to get five signatures to get on the ballot, are vying for the majority of the 80 registered Green voters in the district. Green party candidate Paul Graziano is banking on his local connections with block associations, the community board, and city planning organizations. "Flushing has a long history of voting for non-machine candidates, so I'm confident I have a shot," said Graziano.

Graziano sees rezoning as one of the most important issues for Flushing residents and wants to concentrate new development in certain areas in order to preserve the suburban feel of the neighborhood streets. "We need to stop big apartment buildings and market-rate, ugly housing," said Graziano. "There is enough development space in new areas to accommodate growth."

"I want to be remembered as the ox for the people," said Evergreen Chou, the other Green candidate. Chou is Taiwanese and was born in the Year of the Ox, which is the symbol of an honest politician.

An active union member, Chou vows to fight for stricter rent control and greater equality for workers. "I want to do for my community what Nader wanted to do for the country," said Chou. "There are clothing factories with sweat shop conditions right here in Flushing."

Democratic candidate Terence Park, who was recently endorsed by Council Speaker Peter Vallone, wants to target the small merchants and business owners to try to unite the different ethnic groups in the area.

"To start, we need to have bilingual signage," said Park. "There are too many signs people can't understand along Union street. We need to educate the venders and the people who live here that want to share the amenities of our very diverse community."

Park said he is the only candidate who has both an educational and a professional background in city politics. Having worked as a project planner for the Times Square area, Park hopes to use his experience to restore the Flushing business area.

Meanwhile, John Liu continues to gather the attention of national media attention for his well funded campaign. The latest of his many endorsements was by mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi.


Candidate Biographies

Ethel Chen, the district leader of the Asian American Democratic Association and the president of the American Chinese Women's Association, has worked in the New York Public Library system for 30 years. She was also a member of Community Board 6 for ten years. Chen attended the National Taiwan University and received her Masters in Library Sciences from the University of Pittsburgh. Chen ran for City Council in district 20 in 1997, but was removed from the ballot after her petitions were challenged.

Evergreen C. Chou, an ultrasound technician, is a member of the West Flushing Civic Association and also the 1199 National Health & Human Service Employees Union. He received his Bachelor's degree from City College.

Richard Jannaccio was managing editor of the Queens Tribune and columnist for the Flushing Times. He is a member of the Queens County Democratic Committee, president of the West Flushing Civic Association and vice chairman of the Fort Trotten Restoration Advisory Board. He graduated from Hunter College and earned a Masters in Journalism from the University of Wisconsin.

Adrian Joyce, chairman of Community Board 7 since 1996, is a member of the Fort Totten Restoration Advisory Board and is on the Board of Directors at the Queens Botanical Garden. He graduated from the New York City Police Academy and is a veteran of the United States Military.

Martha Flores-Vazquez is the chair for the Graduate Student Council at City University and the vice-chairman for the Student Services Corporation. She founded the Queens Women's 2001 Conference and the Martha's Flushing Block Association. She received her Bachelors and Masters degree in psychology at City University.

Paul Graziano, a consultant with an architectural and planning firm, is the founder of the North Flushing Civic and Waldheim Neighborhood Associations. He is also the chair of the Central Queens Green Party chapter. Graziano designed an exhibition called "350 Years of Flushing: The Changing Dynamic" and is active in community preservation committees. He has a Masters of Science in Urban Affairs from Hunter College.

John Liu currently works as a consultant at Pricewaterhouse Coopers LLP, is president of the North Flushing Civic Association and vice-president of the New Century Democratic Association. He is a member of Community Board 7 and also serves on the board of the Queens Symphony Orchestra, the NAACP-Flushing Chapter, and the Chinese American Voters Association. He graduated from the State University of New York at Binghamton with a Bachelor's in mathematical physics.

Terence Park served as the Queens coordinator of the New York City Housing Authority and president of Citizens for a Better Flushing Advisory Board. He is also a member of Community Board 7. As project planner for the Koch and Dinkins Administrations, Park worked to revive Times Square. He received his Masters degree from SUNY Binghamton in Public Policy Analysis and Public Administration.


Campaign Trail

9/7/01
Flushing is a neighborhood on a crucial demographic cusp, a community where old jostles with new and where this year's City Council contest is seen as a bellwether of the city's ethnic politics. Almost half of Flushing residents are Asian, though among registered voters, they are a smaller share - roughly 20 percent, according to estimates based on surnames. And so the race in the 20th Council District in Queens has come to stand for things larger than itself. The next council member from here could be the first Asian-American elected to city office in New York. Of the eight candidates vying to succeed the longtime incumbent, Julia Harrison, four are of Asian descent. At a forum last week attended by seven of the eight candidates, they championed the same things: a tidier downtown, smaller classes in the public schools, less expensive housing. They each said they were best equipped to solve the ethnic tensions in Flushing. (NY Times)

9/6/01
Flushing City Councilwoman Julia Harrison, who held the council seat from the 20th District for 15 years, has endorsed Ethel Chen for the post. (Daily News)

9/5/01
Newsday announces its endorsements in a number of Queens City Council races.

District 19: Jerry Iannece's "legal experience and community activism make him qualified. Each of his opponents - particularly Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communications Workers of America Local 1180, and the party-backed Tony Avella. . . is a credible candidate. But Iannece has the most innovative ideas for addressing the district's needs."

District 20. "John Liu, the party designee, could have avoided some last-minute controversy had he used better judgment. As a member of Community Board 7 in Flushing, he voted last year with the majority to approve a variance for a development company whose partners include a campaign contributor. Liu, an actuary, should have recused himself. . . . We hope he has learned something about appearances. Still, his energy and impressive command of the issues make up for his lack of political acumen. And while his civic service isn't as long as that of opponent Ethel Chen, he seems better suited to alleviate the tensions between old-time residents and new immigrants.

District 21. "Despite the ethnic conflict dividing various Latino communities in the district, the four candidates - all Latinos - are evenly matched. . . .Luis Rosero is the most appealing. . . .His background gives him intimate knowledge of government and politics. His contacts at the federal level wouldn't hurt, either. He also understands the common concerns of a diverse population."

District 22. "As a member of Queens School Board 30, John Ciafone has worked diligently on behalf of school kids. . . . But Ciafone made a mistake that we cannot overlook: His ads in a local weekly newspaper boasted of endorsements by mayoral candidates Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green. Such endorsements never existed. Ciafone says the ads should have read "supported," not "endorsed" - a stretch, to say the least. . . . That leaves Peter Vallone Jr., the party's designee. Voters get more than a name with Vallone. He helped found a community group to fight power plants in western Queens. And he has learned something from watching his father's success as Council speaker. Newsday endorses Vallone."

District 23. "David Weprin is a Democratic district leader, his brother is a state assemblyman, and their late father was Assembly speaker. By contrast, Jairam Thakral immigrated from India 30 years ago, got an MBA from St. John's and recently retired as chief financial officer of the State Veterans Home on Long Island. Thakral emphasizes his financial experience in dealing with city, state and federal governments. . . . He contrasts his "diversity" with Weprin's "dynasty." Weprin, a lawyer, was the state's deputy superintendent of banks. . . . Thakral radiates eagerness to improve the city's quality of life, but Weprin has more experience and a deeper knowledge of the district. We endorse Weprin.

District 24. "The three candidates are already on the public payroll. Barry Grodenchik is Borough President Claire Shulman's chief administrative officer. He emphasizes the downside of the 2012 Olympics, which he says could freeze development in western Queens and shut down much of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park for years. James Gennaro has been a policy analyst for the City Council since 1990, specializing in environmental issues. He's positive on the 2012 Olympics but negative on destroying Flushing Meadows wetlands to create a rowing course for the games. David Reich, chief of staff to a state senator from Brooklyn, cites his experience drafting bills in Albany . Gennaro offers greater familiarity with the council and broader concern for the environment. We endorse Gennaro."

District 25. "The organization person in this multi-candidate race is Helen Sears, a longtime district leader and community affairs director at Elmhurst Hospital Center. . . . Louisa Chan, a nurse and three-term secretary of School Board 24, wants community school boards to have more power and the central board to be elected. Magdalena Schultheis, vice president of an international hospitality consulting firm, would like to cut back bureaucracy to produce more affordable housing. James Van Bramer, community affairs manager for the Queensborough Public Library, has been an activist for campaign finance reform as well as gay and lesbian rights. . . .Finally, Rudolph Greco is a lawyer, civic enthusiast and author of a children's history of Jackson Heights. Along with a dedicated tax to provide higher teacher pay and smaller classes, he would encourage corporate partnerships to improve schools. Greco is a convivial, seasoned, one-of-a-kind candidate with a shrewd grasp of the district's needs and possibilities. Newsday endorses Greco. (Newsday)

8/29/01
A candidate for City Council district 20 from Flushing is being accused of an ethical violation for voting to support a project proposed by a developer who contributed to his campaign. Councilwoman Julia Harrison's chief of staff charged that John Liu, a member of Community Board 7, violated conflict of interest laws when he voted on a Flushing mall proposal last year. Liu received $7,000 in campaign contributions from the developers of the mall, known as Prince Center. (Daily News)

8/29/01
The New York Times today endorsed a candidate in this race. District 20 (Central Queens-Flushing North area): The two strongest candidates in this race are Ethel Chen, a retired library supervisor, and John Liu, a financial analyst and civic leader. Mr. Liu is an energetic, articulate contender. But his campaign finances raise questions about his connections to developers in the area and to his father's bank; the elder Mr. Liu and other bank officials were convicted of bank fraud earlier this year. We recommend Ethel Chen, who has a longer and more impressive record in community service.

7/31/01
Alan Hevesi, the city comptroller and mayoral candidate who has the backing of the Queens Democratic Party, endorsed 34-year-old John Liu for City Council on Friday in a speech outside of the Flushing City Hall. Hevesi focused much of his remarks Friday on how Liu, who was born in Taiwan and moved to Flushing as a child, is the best candidate to bridge the many ethnic groups that have moved to Flushing in the last 10 years. (Times Ledger)

7/26/01
Terence Park received the endorsement of Peter Vallone, the council speaker and mayoral candidate. (Bayside Times)

7/22/01
The City Council candidate John Liu is profiled as possibly the first Asian American to be elected to office in New York City. (Newsday)

7/12/01
For the first time in the Green Party's brief history as a bona fide party in New York, there will be a primary election in September for the city council seat in Flushing, a race between an ultrasound technician and an urban planning consultant. (Times Ledger)

5/19/01
The New York City Central Labor Council, a labor group with 1.5 million members in some 450 local unions, gave its backing to John Liu for City Council. (Newsday)

3/25/01
Paul Graziano, who is fighting for Waldheim's preservation, complains that the city favors Brooklyn and Manhattan for landmarks but neglects Queens. Waldheim is home to Queen's oldest estates and is continually being encroached upon by the residential and business developers. Councilwoman Julia Harrison doesn't support the area's preservation because of the restrictions that come with landmark status. (The Los Angeles Times)

3/10/01
During a city council hearing on whether to repeal the term limits law, City Councilwoman Julia Harrison attacked Asian-Americans who are seeking her council seat. Harrison, who cannot seek reelection because of term limits, claimed Asian candidates are trying to "buy the council seat with the money they have to spend." Three of the seven candidates trying to replace her are Asian-Americans. (NY Post)

3/08/01
Observers are wondering whether council candidate John Liu's campaign will survive the fraud conviction of his father, Joseph Liu, who now faces up to 30 years in prison. Liu's father was the head of Flushing's Great Eastern Bank. Officers in Great Eastern Bank have contributed to John Liu, who has raised more money than any other council candidate. (Queens Courier)

2/5/01
John Liu has the best shot of being the First Asian American in City Council (City Limits).

09/25/00
The race for Flushing's Council seat raises strong questions on building interethnic coalitions in immigrant communities. (NPR Online)

5/25/00
Candidate Liu hopes to become first Asian New York City Council Member (Asianweek.com)

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.


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New York, NY
10004-1609

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Poll Worker Applications

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
SavvyVoter.org
NYVote.com
Votesmart
NYPIRG
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
DemocracyNet
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart

E-Voting
Election.com

Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Media
Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Conservative
Democratic
Green
Independence
Liberal
Republican
Right to Life
Working Families
Communist
Libertarian
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Socialist
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
DL21C
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.


Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)


2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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