District 24 South Flushing, Jamaica Hills, Briarwood, Forest Hills
GOTHAM GAZETTE: SEARCHLIGHT ON CAMPAIGN 2001: DISTRICT 24

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-James F. Gennaro, Dem 14,825 - 88 percent
Barry S. Grodenchik, WF 1,759 - 10 percent
Lori M. Zett, Grn 350 - 2 percent

Primary Election Results

James F. Gennaro 5,080
Barry S. Grodenchik 4,487
David Reich 2,905
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: Morton Povman (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:


Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Jim Gennaro
Contributors to Barry Grodenchik
Contributors to David Reich
Contributors to Lori Zett

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 24


Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

The Rip Van Winkle of Queens

Things have been so good in the tree-lined neighborhoods of district 24 that residents have not wanted to change much of anything -- not even their City Councilman, Morton Povman, who has represented the district since Richard Nixon was president, the longest serving member of the council.

But change is coming. Term limits are forcing out Povman after 30 years, and the four candidates vying to replace him (three Democrats, one Green) must address some new problems caused by overcrowding, as many new residents have been attracted to the sleepy neighborhoods.

Today, the population of the district is increasing faster than housing can be built. Many landlords have taken advantage of this shortage by illegally converting single-family houses into multiple-family dwellings, often without meeting proper standards, which leads to overcrowding and an increased risk of fire.

"The city must enforce its housing laws and must facilitate the creation of more affordable housing," says candidate Jim Gennaro, the environmental policy advisor for the City Council.

"Zoning is restrictive on home additions and those guidelines need to be revisited," says another candidate David Reich, counsel to State Senator Seymour Lachman of Brooklyn.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.

Race:

  • 51% White
  • 20% Hispanic
  • 18% Asian
  • 11% Black

Median income:$58,858, ranks 7 out of 51

Unemployment rate: 6%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

Barry Grodenchik, executive assistant to Queens Borough President Claire Shulman, believes current laws are adequate, but stresses the need for enforcement and renovating already existing housing. "A few million dollars have already been granted to rebuild Pomonok housing," says Grodenchik, talking about what some residents refer to as the crown jewel of public housing. "We need to make sure the money allocated to the project goes to the project."

Activists in the neighborhood are skeptical. "As long as illegal conversion benefits some people in the district, the candidates will only pay lip service to the issue," says Patricia Dolan, President of the Kew Gardens Hills Homeowners Association

Queens is also home to the most crowded school districts in the city, where 76 percent of elementary schools are operating above capacity. All the candidates agree that something must be done.

"It sends a horrible message to kids when their classroom is a bathroom, hallway, or cafeteria," says Barry Grodenchik.

"The schools are doing good work, but they need help," says Green Party candidate Lori Zett. "They should be financed in an equitable way. Depending on their need, schools should be entitled to funds collected from other districts."

"The Board of Education should be under the mayor's control, not the state's," David Reich says.

Gennaro hopes to lead the fight for more public funding for state education at every level. "Our city's school system is experiencing a drastic shortage of seats and teachers." But Gennaro, who also teaches at Queens College, which is in district 24, believes that not enough has been done to keep the City University system "a world class and affordable institution. Budget cuts over the past decade have eroded its affordability and stature."

While everyone agrees on the need for more schools, there are fights over where to put them. The proposed site for Public School 499, an elementary school that will specialize in math and science, is on the campus of Queens College near Reeves Avenue, but local residents say the college already brings enough traffic to the community and fear the school will add more congestion. They are also upset about a proposed borough-wide lottery that will decide who can attend, which means the school would not necessarily benefit those who live across the street.

Not all the candidates stick to issues in Queens.

"I am horrified by U.S. labor law," says Lori Zett, who hopes to use City Council to raise awareness about issues like the international economic policy and the World Trade Organization. "American workers have no protection!"

"You can't have smart economic policy without understanding environmental issues," says Gennaro, who would use his seat on the council to clean up and develop brownfields, abandoned sites of industry in economically depressed areas.

Three of the four candidates have considerable political experience. Barry Grodenchik has worked for nine years for Queens Borough President Claire Shulman, who has endorsed him, as has the Queens Party organization. Jim Gennaro was an aide in the Koch administration and is a member of his local community board. David Reich has been counsel to two State Senators. (An early front-runner, Jeff Gottlieb, Povman's chief of staff, dropped out of the race).

Whoever wins will be expected to keep their community a stable and quiet one, though they will perhaps do it less quietly than Morton Povman, who refused to discuss the district he has represented since 1971.

posted 6/18/01

Campaign Update:

The race in district 24 remains as stable and quiet as the neighborhoods themselves. For the past two months the slate of candidates has not changed and according to the candidates no one is challenging each other's petitions.

Jeff Gottlieb, Councilmember Povman's chief of staff, was planning to run but withdrew from the race in May when he found that the Queen's Democratic party was supporting Barry Grodenchik.

"Your withdrawing for the interest of the unity of the party is noted and we owe you one," Queens Democratic Leader Thomas Manton told Gottlieb, according to the Daily News.

Jim Gennaro has the endorsements of high profile Democrats like former Mayor Ed Koch and environmental attorney Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.

Gennaro recently took the lead in fundraising with net contributions of $89,614 compared with Grodenchik's $79,100 and David Reich's $27,421. Green Party candidate Lori Zett is still in the race, but has not raised any money, according to the New York City Campaign Finance Board.

Posted 8/8/01


Candidate Biographies

Jim Gennaro, a Queens native, began his political career in 1983 by working in the Koch administration. He has served as the New York City Council's Environmental Policy Advisor since 1990. He is also an adjunct professor of political science and environmental public policy at Queens College. Gennaro has a bachelor's degree in geology and environmental sciences and a master's degree in policy analysis and public management from SUNY Stony Brook. He lives in Jamaica Estates.

Barry Grodenchik has served as the chief administrative officer to Queens Borough President Claire Shulman for nine years. He began his political career in Mark Green's 1986 senatorial campaign and also worked for Assemblymember Nettie Mayersohn and Governor Cuomo. Grodenchik attended Binghamton University and currently lives in Fresh Meadows.

David Reich is the chief of staff and head counsel for State Senator Seymour Lachman. Reich has worked in the State Senate since 1993 when he began as legislative counsel for State Senator Emanuel Gold. He has a law degree from Cardoza Law School and a bachelor's degree in accounting from Queens College. Reich lives in Kew Gardens Hills.

Lori Zett is running as the Green Party candidate. She is a labor activist who has worked in sales, publishing, and has taught sculpture classes. Zett was born in Trieste, Italy and moved to the United States when she was eight years old. She holds a bachelor's degree in political science from Temple University and a master's degree in labor issues from Columbia University. Zett lives in Briarwood.


Campaign Trail

9/5/01

Newsday announces its endorsements in a number of Queens City Council races.

District 19: Jerry Iannece's "legal experience and community activism make him qualified. Each of his opponents - particularly Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communications Workers of America Local 1180, and the party-backed Tony Avella. . . is a credible candidate. But Iannece has the most innovative ideas for addressing the district's needs."

District 20. "John Liu, the party designee, could have avoided some last-minute controversy had he used better judgment. As a member of Community Board 7 in Flushing, he voted last year with the majority to approve a variance for a development company whose partners include a campaign contributor. Liu, an actuary, should have recused himself. . . . We hope he has learned something about appearances. Still, his energy and impressive command of the issues make up for his lack of political acumen. And while his civic service isn't as long as that of opponent Ethel Chen, he seems better suited to alleviate the tensions between old-time residents and new immigrants.

District 21. "Despite the ethnic conflict dividing various Latino communities in the district, the four candidates - all Latinos - are evenly matched. . . .Luis Rosero is the most appealing. . . .His background gives him intimate knowledge of government and politics. His contacts at the federal level wouldn't hurt, either. He also understands the common concerns of a diverse population."

District 22. "As a member of Queens School Board 30, John Ciafone has worked diligently on behalf of school kids. . . . But Ciafone made a mistake that we cannot overlook: His ads in a local weekly newspaper boasted of endorsements by mayoral candidates Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green. Such endorsements never existed. Ciafone says the ads should have read "supported," not "endorsed" - a stretch, to say the least. . . . That leaves Peter Vallone Jr., the party's designee. Voters get more than a name with Vallone. He helped found a community group to fight power plants in western Queens. And he has learned something from watching his father's success as Council speaker. Newsday endorses Vallone."

District 23. "David Weprin is a Democratic district leader, his brother is a state assemblyman, and their late father was Assembly speaker. By contrast, Jairam Thakral immigrated from India 30 years ago, got an MBA from St. John's and recently retired as chief financial officer of the State Veterans Home on Long Island. Thakral emphasizes his financial experience in dealing with city, state and federal governments. . . . He contrasts his "diversity" with Weprin's "dynasty." Weprin, a lawyer, was the state's deputy superintendent of banks. . . . Thakral radiates eagerness to improve the city's quality of life, but Weprin has more experience and a deeper knowledge of the district. We endorse Weprin.

District 24. "The three candidates are already on the public payroll. Barry Grodenchik is Borough President Claire Shulman's chief administrative officer. He emphasizes the downside of the 2012 Olympics, which he says could freeze development in western Queens and shut down much of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park for years. James Gennaro has been a policy analyst for the City Council since 1990, specializing in environmental issues. He's positive on the 2012 Olympics but negative on destroying Flushing Meadows wetlands to create a rowing course for the games. David Reich, chief of staff to a state senator from Brooklyn, cites his experience drafting bills in Albany . Gennaro offers greater familiarity with the council and broader concern for the environment. We endorse Gennaro."

District 25. "The organization person in this multi-candidate race is Helen Sears, a longtime district leader and community affairs director at Elmhurst Hospital Center. . . . Louisa Chan, a nurse and three-term secretary of School Board 24, wants community school boards to have more power and the central board to be elected. Magdalena Schultheis, vice president of an international hospitality consulting firm, would like to cut back bureaucracy to produce more affordable housing. James Van Bramer, community affairs manager for the Queensborough Public Library, has been an activist for campaign finance reform as well as gay and lesbian rights. . . .Finally, Rudolph Greco is a lawyer, civic enthusiast and author of a children's history of Jackson Heights. Along with a dedicated tax to provide higher teacher pay and smaller classes, he would encourage corporate partnerships to improve schools. Greco is a convivial, seasoned, one-of-a-kind candidate with a shrewd grasp of the district's needs and possibilities. Newsday endorses Greco. (Newsday)

8/29/01
The New York Times today endorsed a candidate in this race. District 24 (South Flushing, Jamaica Hills, Briarwood, Forest Hills): In this race, Barry Grodenchik has a better grasp of city issues than James Gennaro, a worthy opponent with strong environmental credentials, or David Reich, who has worked for two state senators. Mr. Grodenchik has been a loyal lieutenant to the Queens borough president, Claire Shulman, an attachment that might give pause in a period when voters are searching for independent representation. We endorse Barry Grodenchik in the hope that he will use his skills to serve the district and city rather than the borough's Democratic regulars.

8/28/01
The three-way race in the 24th Council District, which includes Kew Gardens Hills, Fresh Meadows, Jamaica Estates and Utopia, is distinctive not only because it is an area that has seen little in the way of hotly contested primary battles for City Council seats, but also because of the depth of government experience of its candidates. It is also expected to show the extent to which the support of the Democratic organization in the borough has potency. One candidate, Barry Grodenchik, has served as a senior aide to Queens Borough President Claire Shulman for the last nine years, after having worked for Assemblywoman Nettie Mayersohn and former Gov. Mario M. Cuomo. Another, James F. Gennaro, worked in the budget office in the administration of Mayor Edward I. Koch and has been an environmental policy adviser to the City Council for 11 years. The third candidate, David Reich, is chief of staff and counsel for State Senator Seymour P. Lachman and worked previously for State Senator Emanuel R. Gold. Mr. Grodenchik, 41, has been endorsed by the Queens Democratic Party organization and a host of elected officials in the borough, including Ms. Shulman and Mr. Povman. Mr. Gennaro, 44, has been endorsed by Mr. Koch and Robert F. Kennedy Jr., the environmental lawyer, and has put together a formidable campaign organization. Mr. Reich, 36, is proud that he has received no labor or political endorsements, and said his work in government and with community groups had earned him a significant grass- roots following. (NY Times)

5/24/01
Jeff Gottlieb, Councilman Morton Povman's chief of staff, withdrew from the race for his boss' council seat on Monday. Gottlieb, who was expecting to win the Democratic nomination, arrived at his party's leadership caucus to find that the political tide had changed and his party was supporting Barry Grodenchik, the chief administrative officer to Queens Borough President Claire Shulman. (Queens Courier)

5/22/01
Jeff Gottlieb cited party unity as his reason for dropping out of the race for city council in district 24. Barry Grodenchik, a top aide to Queens Borough President Claire Shulman, is now the leading candidate, but he faces considerable opposition in Jim Gennaro, Morshed Alam, and David Reich. (Newsday)

5/22/01
The Queens Democratic Organization, headed by county leader Thomas Manton, officially endorsed Barry Grodenchik in his race for city council in the 24th district. Jeff Gottlieb may have assured himself a future job by stepping aside to let Grodenchik take the nomination. (Daily News)

4/3/01
The Conflict of Interest Board statute, which bans certain city officials from fundraising, is forcing candidates to evaluate their current jobs and campaigns. The rule states that candidates, and their campaign committees, cannot raise funds if the candidate currently holds a position with substantial policy discretion. Barry Grodenchik and Jim Gennaro, both seeking the city council seat in the 24th district, do not hold policy-making positions and can continue to hold office and raise money. (Newsday)

2/18/01
While term limits may be ousting experienced legislators from city council, many candidates looking to fill those seats have significant political experience. The three big money raisers in the race for district 24 are quite familiar with politics in their borough. (Daily News)

2/7/01
Twenty-two New York City Councilmembers will introduce a bill to repeal the law on term limits, which is forcing the retirement of 36 Councilmembers this year. Jim Gennaro, a candidate for the District 24 seat, twice voted against term limits. (Newsday)

1/24/01
With term limits barring many incumbents from returning to their city council seats, election season begins early this year. Competitive fundraising is the name of the game with the city matching contributions at a ratio of 4:1. (Queens Tribune Online)

1/03/01
Gennaro names son, Rich, campaign manager. (Western Queens Gazette)

6/21/00
The 24th City Council district in central Queens proves to be fertile ground for candidates hoping to plant themselves in Councilmember Morton Povman's seat. Jeff Gottlieb, Barry Grodenchik, Jim Gennaro, and David Reich are all Democratic hopefuls throwing their hats into the ring early this season. (Western Queens Gazette)

Year 2000 Archives
City Council funds allotted to Councilman Morton Povman are being used to further the campaign of his chief of staff, Jeff Gottlieb. Gottlieb's image appeared on Mr. Povman's letterhead in notes sent out in City Council envelopes promoting Mr. Gottlieb. (Southeast Queens Press)

 

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.


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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
SavvyVoter.org
NYVote.com
Votesmart
NYPIRG
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
DemocracyNet
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart

E-Voting
Election.com

Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Media
Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Conservative
Democratic
Green
Independence
Liberal
Republican
Right to Life
Working Families
Communist
Libertarian
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Socialist
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
DL21C
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.


Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)


2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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