District 28 Richmond Hill, Rochdale Village, South Jamaica
GOTHAM GAZETTE: SEARCHLIGHT ON CAMPAIGN 2001: DISTRICT 28

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-Allan W. Jennings, Dem 11,670 - 69 percent
Anthony D. Andrews, Lib 2,665 - 16 percent
Rameshwa Jodha, Rep 1,536 - 9 percent
Inderjit Singh, Ind 353 - 2 percent
Garth Marchant, Fus 290 - 2 percent
Patrick B. Jenkins, Wor 283 - 2 percent

Primary Election Results

Allan W. Jennings 4,437
Anthony D. Andrews 3,991
Trevor K. Rupnarain 2,396
Aziz Uddin Bilal 1,330
Garth Marchant 593
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: Thomas White, Jr. (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:

  • Anthony Andrews (Lib)
  • Patrick B. Jenkins (Wor)
  • Allan W. Jennings (Dem)
  • Rameshwa Jodha (Rep)
  • Garth Marchant (Fus)
  • Trevor Rupnarain (Gre)

Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Anthony Andrews, Jr.
Contributors to Imam Aziz Bilal
Contributors to Patrick B. Jenkins
Contributors to Allan W. Jennings
Contributors to Garth Marchant
Contributors to Trevor K. Rupnarain

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 28


Campaign Tangle:
Petition challenges have narrowed the field of eleven Democratic candidates to five. Patrick Jenkins, Rameshwar Jodha, Dwayne Kirkland, Inderjit Singh, Michele Titus and Carolyn Younger were all kicked off the ballot. Some will appeal the decisions, others said their campaigns have come to an end. But the battles are not just in the courtroom. Several weeks ago, someone set fire to the campaign headquarters of front-runner Anthony Andrews. See the Campaign Update and Campaign Trail for more details. Posted 8/10/01


Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

No Free Trip to Jamaica

South Jamaica is a transportation hub for much of the city. Every day, thousands of New Yorkers fly out of John F. Kennedy airport, drive on the Van Wyck Expressway, and pass through on the Long Island Railroad.

And what do the residents in the area get in return? Not much, say the candidates running for City Council district 28, including a Muslim cleric, an economist, a lawyer, and government staffers.

"This district receives its share of dirt, dust, noise, and aggravation," said Inderjit Singh.

Though the district cannot change its status as a gateway for the rest of the city, the candidates promise to create incentives to help travelers stop, shop, and spend some money in the area, which includes neighborhoods such as Richmond Hill, Rochdale Village, and South Jamaica.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.

Race:

  • 58% Black
  • 22% Hispanic
  • 12% White
  • 8 % Asian

Median income: $49,676 (Ranks 20th out 51)

Unemployment rate: 10%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

Anthony Andrews said encouraging small businesses is key so that when travelers do stop, the "money is recycled back to the residents."

"We have to make sure travelers are not coming into JFK and going straight into midtown Manhattan," said Inderjit Singh, who proposes building more office space, hotels, and parking lots in the area.

Clifton Diaz wants to clean up the vacant lots along the Long Island Railway that are littered with garbage. "This is not the image we want passengers to have of Rochdale Village as they glance outside their windows," he said.

But promises of new construction are easy to make, and often difficult to fulfill. One candidate said even building sidewalks and streets is a challenge. "Where's the pavement in Jamaica?" asked Michele Titus, a Democratic district leader for the area. Titus warns that there are also risks in depending on the airport for economic development. "The airport, our neighbor, is slowly encroaching into the neighborhood with recent development of hotels and warehouses that service the travelers and businesses of JFK airport," said Titus. "I will ensure that the quality of life for residents in the district is not diminished by the airport's expansion into the community."

The first real test for the new council member may be to ensure that the new Air Train -- a monorail train that will connect JFK airport with Howard Beach and the Long Island Rail Road terminal in Jamaica -- brings jobs and economic growth into area.

"Contracts and other jobs associated with the Air Train need to be given to our residents," said Aziz Bilal.

The Air Train, which is presently under construction and is scheduled to be completed sometime in 2003, is supposed to create 4,150 new construction jobs and 195 permanent jobs. It will also bring about 7,000 passengers a day into Jamaica Station, the areas main subway terminal.

Another major task for the new council member is bringing together the diverse residents that live in the area, but there is a physical, not just cultural, barrier to uniting the residents of the district. The Van Wyck Expressway splits the district in half and some say this geographical divide has created two communities.

In general, more recent immigrants from Guyana, India, Ecuador, and the West Indies have settled on the south side of the Van Wyck, particularly Richmond Hill and parts of South Ozone Park. The area is characterized by residential homes, a variety of religious institutions, and ethnic stores and restaurants.

The north side of the Van Wyck is a predominately African-American area, which includes the neighborhoods South Jamaica and is home to some of the older institutions of the area like South Jamaica Baisely Park, York College, and the Queens Borough Library.

Some in the immigrant community have expressed their unhappiness with the current council member Thomas White Jr., and have complained that the north side of the expressway receives more attention and funds, and that certain bills being introduced do not take immigrant concerns into account.

"That's why we need to build bridges across the Van Wyck and not focus just on the divide." said Trevor K. Rupnarain.

Two years ago, legislation was introduced in City Council, by Queens council members Archie Spigner and John Sabini at the request of Queens Borough President Claire Shulman, that would have banned converting parts of houses to separate apartments. The bill angered many in district 28 who live with extended family members in the same home. In the end, the bill did not become law, but some candidates say it demonstrates a need for change at City Hall.

"Politicians need to reflect the new reality, new faces, different races and backgrounds," said Inderjit Singh.

The candidates also say that for improvements to last attention must be paid to the children of the area.

"There are no youth programs," said Aziz Bilal. "When I was young there was a night center where I played basketball and that was a safe environment."

"There is a real void from 3 to 6 p.m. for our young people," added Michele Titus. "We also need intergenerational activities, such as literacy programs where young people read to seniors."

This year, district 28 will get the first new representative in a decade. Many hope it will signal a new start for the area that many just pass through.

posted 5/30/01

Campaign Update:

Jamaica is no paradise when it comes to getting on the ballot. At one point there were 11 Democratic candidates hoping to appear on the primary ballot in September. Now there are five.

Patrick Jenkins, Rameshwar Jodha, Dwayne Kirkland, Inderjit Singh, Michele Titus and Carolyn Younger were all kicked off the Democratic line, according to the Board of Elections.

Younger said she will not appeal the ruling, but next time she will choose a different political path. "I went as far as I could with a fight but the system failed," said Younger. "I am going to a [new] party that will respect the black families, other minorities, and all voters in general. I am going to the Republican party."

Patrick Jenkins, who was also knocked off the Democratic line, said he learned through his campaigning that "many people were not familiar with the existing City Councilmember or have a hard time understanding how City Council was even relevant in their lives." Jenkins will still appear on the ballot in November because he received the endorsement of the Working Families party.

The five remaining candidates for the Democratic primary -- Anthony Andrews, Allan Jennings, Garth Marchant, Trevor Rupnarain, and Azziz Uddin Bilal are still trying to present ideas to the community that will boost their campaigns.

Allan Jennings said he would like to abolish the Board of Education and set up a city agency that is more accountable to the voters. He also said he would try to put in place a grant system for section eight residents who live in public housing. "New York City spends millions on rent subsidies. It would be better to turn dependent tenants to taxpaying home owners," said Jennings.

But this race has not been just a battle of ideas. In July, someone threw paint on a 10-foot-long banner above Anthony Andrews1s headquarters and then started a fire. The fire department said it was a case of arson, but no one has been charged and no other candidates have been implicated. Anthony Andrews has the backing of the Queens Democratic organization and his boss, outgoing Councilmember Thomas White, Jr.

Posted 8/10/01


Candidate Biographies

Anthony Andrews Jr. was the former chief of staff to Councilmember Thomas White Jr., an assistant to State Senator Alton Waldon Jr., and legislative aide to Councilmember Archie Spigner. Andrews currently works as an administrator in the Division for Student Development at York College. Andrews has held several political positions such as Democratic National Committee Member, president of the New York State Young Democrats, chairperson of the Governors Youth Task Force, president of the Queens County Young Democrats, and executive member of the Fred Wilson Democratic Club. Andrews holds an Masters degree in Public Administration from Baruch College. Andrews is involved with several community organizations such as Rochdale Kiwanis Club, Sutphin Boulevard Civic Association, Knights of Peter Claver, Jamaica Center for Arts and Learning and Agenda 21.

Imam Aziz Bilal earned an Associate Degree at Dutchess Community College and is certified in Therapeutic Crisis Intervention from Cornell University. Aziz has volunteered as an Imam or Chaplain at the New York City Department of Corrections. Bilal established Masjid Al Humdul Lillah, a mosque in Jamaica, in 1994.

Patrick B. Jenkins currently works as an executive assistant to U.S. Congressman Gregory W. Meeks in St. Albans, New York. Before working for the Congressman, Jenkins worked at the office of the New York City Comptroller as a community associate and executive assistant. Jenkins has served on Community Board 25 as substance abuse prevention/intervention specialist (SAPIS) and he has been an outreach counselor and instructor for the YMCA. Jenkins is working towards his Masters in Urban Policy and Administration at Brooklyn College and will graduate this December 2001.

Allan W. Jennings, Democratic District Leader in the 31st district since 1992, worked for Assemblymember John Duane. Jennings ran against City Councilmember White Jr. in 1997.

Rameshwar Jodha works at Jodha Insurance Agency, Inc.

Trevor K. Rupnarain was born in Guyana and came to the U.S. in 1986 after completing law school in Trinidad and Tobago. He worked as a legal assistant with IBM and as a consultant with Putnam, Hayes &Bartlett, Inc. in Washington D.C. In 1989, Rupnarain moved back to New York as a senior consultant with a major New York City law firm, and he has opened his own law practice in New York City. Rupnarain is an active member of the Caribbean-American/Black Community, founding member of the Caribbean Daylight Newspaper and the founding member and former president of the Queens Caribbean Bar Association. Rupnarain is also the founding member and former vice president of the New Concept Democratic Club in Queens and member of several organizations such as the American Bar Association, New York State Bar Association, Queens County Bar Association, Association of trial lawyers of America, Friend of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, and John Marshal Bar Association. Rupnarain is also a small claims arbitrator.

Inderjit Singh is an economist and a former college professor at City University of New York and Long Island University. Singh has worked at the United Nations, New York City Department of City Planning, Human Resources Administration, and New York City Housing Authority.

Michele R. Titus is the Democratic District Leader for the 31st Assembly District, attorney for the New York City Board of Education, and was the Executive Director for the New York State Black and Puerto Rican Legislative Caucus. Titus has worked for the New York State Attorney Generals Office, and was the Chief of Staff for state Senator Ada L. Smith.

Caroline Younger is a certified caseworker and worked at the office of the Employment Services for the Human Resource Administration. Younger worked as a counselor for two years and is the founder of Black Families International Inc., which is a self-help, self-assessment, crime prevention organization. She is also the founder of Black Family Day, a gospel music event.


Campaign Trail

8/9/01
There are five Democratic candidates remaining from a pool of eleven contenders. Rupnarain challenged the petitions of Jodha, Singh, and Bilal. Due to Rupnarain1s petitions both Jodha and Singh have been knocked off and Bilal has survived. Both Jodha and Singh are going to court this week to appeal. One reason why Rupnarain is trying to fight to get these three of the ballot because they all appeal to the same voters and Rupnarain does not want factions to develop which may lead to defeat. (Jamaica-Times.com)

7/31/01
Inderjit Singh considers himself to be the "candidate for the millennium." He is running for the Democratic nomination for City Council in District 28, which covers Richmond Hill, South Ozone Park and Jamaica. He hopes to serve new immigrants better than past officials have.

In an interview with the India Post, Singh reiterated this desire, stating that the community has been "undeservedly neglected for new immigrants, mainly South Asian and Carribean." Among his list of achievements is over thirty years of experience in city government.

Property value is a topic of great concern for Singh. He is concerned about the air and noise pollution caused by construction projects at JFK airport, fearing the airport has further worsened property values. In addition, Singh also wants to see a more diverse working environment among the construction crews at the airport. He would like to see more of his constituents involved in the construction efforts. Another major concern for Singh is the overcrowded state of the district's schools. In addition, Singh has highlighted the need for adult education.

"I know the constituency," declared Singh confidently, "and I am confident of the response." (India Post)

7/24/01
Fire Department officials suspect that a fire was deliberately set at the campaign headquarters of Anthony Andrews, one of the 11 candidates running to succeed Thomas White in the district 28 seat of City Council representing Jamaica. At 4 a.m., someone threw paint on a 10-foot-long banner above his headquarters and then started a fire, officials said. (Daily News)

6/04/2001
Allan Jennings attended the graduation ceremony for York College "You Can Go To College" program along with Mrs. Meeks, wife of the U.S. Congressman Gregory Meeks. Jennings congratulated the recent graduates for overcoming obstacles. (The Queens Courier)

6/28/2001
On June 21st, P.S. 223 was to hold a prom party for students and a parent appreciation night. However, when the students and parents got to the school they found the lunchroom doors locked and auditorium doors chained. Ms. Gibson, President of the PTA, had applied for permits for the evening even though the principal did not initially sign them. Allan Jennings, who was at the meeting, felt that it was an unacceptable way to treat both the parents and students especially since they had the correct paperwork. (The New Voice of New York)

5/24/2001
Night after night in New York City, fundraising events take place, in people's apartments or slightly garish catering halls. And whether the affairs are standard or eclectic, they are all driven by the same desire: campaign cash. And they are taking place with a frequency that politicians and donors alike say is unprecedented in modern city politics. Just this Tuesday, for example, a gathering in Cambria Heights for Patrick B. Jenkins, a candidate for City Council in Queens, was just one of the half-dozen fund-raising events that night. For three hours, about a dozen supporters met in the home of a supporter to engage in a bid whist tournament, with participants paying $25 apiece to test their skills at the card game and to raise money for Mr. Jenkins's first-ever campaign for public office. At the end of the evening, Mr. Jenkins had raised more than $250 from the event. The $250 generated by the whist game for Mr. Jenkins brought him $1,000 more from the city. "It was a great night for me," said Mr. Jenkins, a 33-year-old aide to Representative Gregory W. Meeks. "It helped my campaign with another $1,000. I enjoyed being with friends and supporters. And I won three of the four hands." (New York Times)

05/03/2001
Trevor Rupnarain, along with nine other Asian-American candidates for City Council, attended a reception hosted by the Asian American Federation of New York. Rupnarain spoke of the neglect faced by immigrants in his community. (Jamaica Times.com)

04/23/2001
Queens is the most diverse area of the world and this year has a diverse set of political candidates, including Imam Aziz Bilal, who if elected, would be the first Muslim on the City Council. (Newsday)

04/08/2001
So far there are four Democratic candidates running for the 28th councilmanic district-Anthony Andrews Jr., Imam Aziz Bilal, Garth Marchant, Trevor Rupnarain. (Jamaica-Times.com)

01/20/00
The history of Richmond and Ozone Park, and who lives there today. (Jamaica-Times)

12/23/99
Trevor Rupnarain hopes to be the first Indo-Guyanese candidate elected to political office in New York. (Times Ledger)

04/01/98
The article examines the shortcomings of the $1.5 Billion monorail light-rail link from JFK Airport, by taking the perspectives of tourists navigating through this complicated system (Queens Courier)

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.


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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
SavvyVoter.org
NYVote.com
Votesmart
NYPIRG
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
DemocracyNet
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart

E-Voting
Election.com

Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Media
Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Conservative
Democratic
Green
Independence
Liberal
Republican
Right to Life
Working Families
Communist
Libertarian
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Socialist
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
DL21C
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.


Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)


2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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