District 35 Central Brooklyn

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


On July 24, 2001 the candidates in district 35 gathered at the Brooklyn Museum of Art in a "Community Conversation" forum sponsored by Citizens Union Foundation, Coro, and the Center for Excellence in New York City Governance. The candidates who participated were Sidique Wai, Imogene Baldwin-Ferguson, James Davis, Robert Hunter, Letitia-Tish James, Bill Saunders, Avrohom Wasserman, Peter Williams. Bill Saunders left after the opening statements.

Opening Statements:

Sidique Wai: My name is Sidique Wai and I'm running for City Council in the 35th council district, County of Kings. My vision is very simple. Democracy means people who must have the right to participate in the governance that affects their lives. For too long this community has been two communities, those people on the hill, and those people out of the hill. My goal is to be able to bring the communities together, so that we can work together in improving economic development, investment and trade, and most importantly, to be able to connect government directly to the lives of people. There should be no secrecy about what happens. My goal is very simple, I will hold public hearings, not in rooms like this, but on the street, because it's through participation that you are going to shape government.

Imogene Baldwin-Ferguson: My name is Imogene Baldwin-Ferguson and I am a thirty-five year resident of this community, and I welcome you to my neighborhood. I hope to address issues such as re-gentrification and I want you to understand that I don't believe re-gentrification necessarily has to be re-location. I want to talk about immigration issues. This is a great country founded by immigrants, and I believe we can all work together and we can stay right here, and make this the great country it once was, and help it take its place again amongst the world leaders. I want to talk about education, but not just education in the public school system, but education around issues like AIDS and HIV, because this is the epicenter of the AIDS crisis in New York City, and I plan to do something about that. Thank you so much.

James Davis: I am a proven winner. James E. Davis. People say "James, you have name recognition." I have name recognition because I am a police officer, but I stood up against police brutality. I spoke out, and I was fired for speaking out. I've had to go to court now for two years, I've had no job, I won. I stood up against the Democratic machine and ran for Democratic District Leader and I beat the machine, I won. I stood against Toys R Us when they were selling look-alike toy guns, they stopped selling look-alike toy guns, I won. I've marched in the community against violence every year. I will stop the violence in our community, when no one else will march up and down Nostrand Avenue. I will stop the violence. I stand up for people. If you want somebody to represent the community, if you want somebody in the forefront , then you vote James Davis.

Robert Hunter: Hard act to follow, but I don't like to follow any acts, I like to follow promises, and I will promise you two things: I will keep the promise to my ancestors, I will make sure that our ancestors, that our senior citizens, are well taken care of and not forgotten about. I will keep a promise that the future is not forgotten about. I will make sure that our education system has reformed. We need to look at new formulas for running our schools and as a teacher, as en educator myself, and a former school board member for seven years, I will fight the problems we have with the education system. I will close with this, I'm a Vietnam veteran and I've served my country and my community very well. Last but not least, anything is possible in this country. I am a high school dropout with a GED, associates, bachelors, and a masters in science. Anything is possible.

Letitia James: Good evening, my name is Letitia (Tish) James and I am running for City Council in the 25th councilmanic district. I have worked on every single issue brought up this evening. From housing, to economic development, to the police issues concerning the family courts, to issues concerning immigration and race. What I bring to this race is experience, what I bring to this race is a vision, what I bring to this race is a record of accomplishment. I am a former Assistant Attorney General, a former attorney that represented a countless number of children in the criminal justice and the foster care system. What I bring with my candidacy is experience, I don't require training, I've been there, I've done it. Thank you.

Bill Saunders: My name is Bill Saunders and I am running for representative of the 35th councilmanic district. I know all the candidates up here may have visions, we all have visions of what we want our communities to look like. We'd like to know, what have you done for our community? Have you built any houses? Have you walked the picket lines making sure that the subway shuttles stay open? Where were you? I can tell you all the things that I have done. I can tell you the things I have done in the school government, but I got paid for those things. Tell me what you have done on your own for the people of this community. This is a community that needs experience and the leadership that I can bring. So I ask you to vote for me on September the 11th .

Avrohom Wasserman: My name is Avrohom Wasserman and I am a candidate for the 35th council district and I would like to thank the Citizens Union, the co-sponsors, and the community members who came here. My run for City Council is a result of twenty years of work and experience in the community. I started off in the Area Policy Court, the organizations that we funded are now active and bringing positive results to our community. I am on the community board 9 and I chair the environmental committee. With the asthma rates, this is a very important committee. I would like you to vote for me on September 11th because I come with twenty years of experience and I believe that I am the most experienced candidate for the 35th City Council district.

Peter Williams: I'd like to thank the Citizens Union and also, I'd like to thank the Brooklyn Museum for putting on this event tonight. My name is Peter Williams, I'm running to represent the 35th councilmanic district. I grew up in that district and in public housing developments. As I've grown up, I've watched neighborhoods like the Upper-east Side, Bay Ridge, Bensonhurst receive better services, better police protection, they have better schools, and better health services. I am going to represent the people of this community because I believe they deserve new leadership. In the 35th councilmanic district, 51 percent of the children read below the national average. In the 35th councilmanic district, 64 percent of the children score before the national average in math. I believe, that we need to make sure our children receive the proper services. We only spend $ 8 thousand dollars in education, we spend $ 100 thousand to put kids in jails. As a council member, I will fight to make sure we develop schools for kids. The best crime prevention strategy is a good education.

Q: Will you support the expansion of the school-based health clinic programs in the schools where children suffer from asthma?

James Davis: Of course we will support anything that is going to make our children healthier . More importantly than just support financially, we will support with visible, vocal leadership. We'll make sure to reach out to institutions-- we'll provide the money, and we'll also reach out to corporate America to find funding, to expand those monies so that our children can have the best possible health care.

It's all about our children being healthy. You can't learn in an environment where you're sick. We need to address the asbestos in the schools, we need to address and make sure that our children go to school and are able to pay attention to the teacher and not worry about being sick.

Imogene Baldwin-Ferguson: Absolutely. I can speak from personal experience because both myself and my children suffer from asthma. One of the big problems we are working with here are the coal burning furnaces, once we get the coal burning furnaces out of the schools, we may be able to alleviate some of the problems.

The other thing is that we need to get the nurses back into the schools. The way it works now, is that there is no one there to administer asthma medication to the children, and often times parents either have to leave what they are doing to come to school to take care of the children, or the child has to stay home when he is in a crisis. I think we need to do something about that. We need to put funding in the schools for the nurses.

Q: With schools in Central Brooklyn highly over-crowded, the average classroom is filled with over twenty-five students. What do you propose to do to reduce class size?

Letitia James: One, we need to look at the School Construction Authority . The School Construction Authority, which is a quasi-authority created by the state, is basically responsible for school construction. As all of you know, there were reports in the media with regards to the cost overruns by the school construction authority . The Board of Education has the responsibility to hold the School Construction Authority accountable, as well as the local school district 13. I recently had a sit-down conversation with Dr. Young, who is the superintendent of school district 13. We talked about classroom sizes and we talked about the recent decision in the school equity case, which was decided by Leland De Bras, which was based on Brown v. Board of Education. It was brilliant in it's simplicity because it talked about several initiatives. One, smaller class size, two, we need to focus on funding. The state funding in Albany is unfortunately inequitable, we need to increase teacher's salaries so that they are equal with teachers in Long Island. We need to invest more in a public education system.

Avrohom Wasserman.: This is strictly an economic question. With more funding, we can have smaller class sizes and I feel this is very important. At this time the school class size of twenty-five is way too big and it should be definitely cut. And this is funding, we have to develop a master plan on this. We also have to get private funding as we have done in other areas. I also want to say one other thing while we are on education, I feel that one of the most important things besides money is the initiation of a moment of silence to start the school day.

Sidique Wai: I think one of the key things that we really have to be concerned about, other than just talking about small class sizes, is the process by which we have several periods, not only from eight to three, but we need to consider shifting the responsibility so that we might have classes after three. Then secondly, we need to increase the parity in education. Schoolteachers in the suburbs should not make more money than teachers who teach in the City of New York. And thirdly, we need to also have an after-school program. Those after school programs will also be for students who are not able to come to school during the day. Parents also need to be a part of this process. If you can give tax credits to corporations, we need to give tax credits to parents as an incentive for parents to work for their children.

Peter Williams: One of the powers of the City Council is the power of the capital budget. I will utilize the powers through the capital budget to advocate. The council has not utilized its power through the capital budget to construct and renovate schools and as council member I will fight to make sure that we use the capital budget allocations to bring more schools on board. But more importantly, we need to look at some of the inefficiencies with the School Construction Authorities.

Q: How would you try to shape public policy and economic development plans to serve the interest of your community?

James Davis: Let me say this, I believe that economic development is very, very important in our community-- providing jobs, having economic development for persons who have been left out of the system, making small business loans available, instructing people on how to make a business and make money.

I am going to identify leaders in our community who are economic development masters. I am going to support those individuals and take those person's ideas, and fund it, and stand closely with them. I am going to identify people who have a vision for our community and support those individuals. I am a master of policing, that's my specialty. I am going to find others who are specialists in economic development and provide the leadership and the funding. That's what I'll do as councilman.

Imogene Baldwin-Ferguson: First of all, we need to talk about spurring business growth, growth of small businesses in our community. We also need to talk about a larger economic plan for the whole of Brooklyn. We are getting ready to close out welfare, welfare is a very big business, and lots of people benefit from it. When you close that revenue stream down, we're going to face a very serious economic squeeze. What we are going to have to do is find a way to replace the revenue that we are loosing in our communities with something else. So therefore I have to go out and try to find ways to bring in other kinds of businesses. I have a plan, but this is not the time to talk about it because you only gave me a minute.

Letitia James: One of the first things Mayor Giuliani did when he got into office was repeal affirmative action. One of the fist things that I will do when I become a City Council member for the 35th district is restore affirmative action. I will provide opportunities for women and minority business enterprises. I will also provide them access to capital. In addition, we need to look at targeted tax cuts for businesses to create a climate in which businesses can grow. We also need to talk about re-zoning the light manufacturing and also create more opportunities for local businesses in the district. We need to provide them with opportunities in government. The three biggest problems with businesses are one, taxes; two, work-force development and three, access to capital. We also need to create an EAP, an Entrepreneur Assistance Program for businesses.

Avrohom Wasserman: What we have to understand is that the mainstay of economic development in a neighborhood in the 35th council district is small businesses. If we have avenues with viable small businesses, the neighborhood grows and flourishes and it creates other types of development and that's closely linked to the safety of the neighborhood. For example, you have Flatbush Avenue, the small businesses there are not open at nights. So one of the important things about economic development is that it's linked to safety. One other thing, you have to bring in bigger developments, for example, the Marriot Hotel that came here served us very well. It created many jobs on an on-going basis, it created construction jobs. In these two ways, I feel that the district will benefit very much.

Sidique Wai: The first thing I would do, is I would create a public-private community partnership. What do I mean by that? I would develop an economic development enterprise zone to force anybody that receives city contracts to making sure that community businesses in that area participate in that contract. I would create internships for young people who, when they perform well in school, they could be able to get jobs. Finally, our CBOs are under-funded. They are the one's that do all of the work. We need to be able to support them by funding those organizations so they can continue to provide technical advice and support to people who do not know how to keep proper books or accounting.

Peter Williams: There are a couple of ways I would look at this. One, let's look at downtown Brooklyn, near the Atlantic terminal , Metro-Tech, the Marriot Hotel. In many cities where you have development like that, they basically want to make sure that people in that community have an opportunity to work there. Two, for every square foot that we tax, we should develop a trust fund to develop affordable housing. The other issue, in public housing there is a law called Section 3 that allows any HUD dollars to make sure that people in public housing have jobs in the construction industry. Finally, Development of an equity fund to make sure that we can assist small entrepreneurs and make sure that small entrepreneurs have an opportunity to develop skills and have access to the capital so they can be prosperous in the community.

Q: Crime is down and juvenile crime is down, yet the city just allocated 64.6 million to build twenty more jail beds for juveniles. If elected would you work to re-allocate this money for alternatives to detention and alternatives too incarceration?

James Davis: Of course I would. I am a youth officer. I've been a cop for twelve years and I am also a former corrections officer. I understand about practicing prevention. When I was police officer in the 69th precinct, crime was high. We started practicing prevention, addressing the Crypts and addressing the Bloods. We were able to reduce crime with prevention. I believe in prevention. In addition to that, I believe that we have to take our prison system ands stop practicing so much apprehension. Right now, jail is used as a form of punishment, jail should also be used as a form of rehabilitation. Right now we have something called the recidivism rate, repeat offenders going into the prison system, constantly coming back. As your city councilman, I will stop the recidivism rate, I will stop repeat offenders, I will practice rehabilitation, I will retake that money and put that money in the areas of prevention as opposed to apprehension.

Peter Williams: We have the lowest youth employment rate in the country. What I would like to do is spend some of those dollars and make sure that we have full time employment for our youth so that we can work with some of the CBOs to make sure that they can employ our youth in the development skills so that they can move on. Second, I want to make sure that our after school programs are funded. As I said earlier, we spend $100,000 to put a kid in jail, only $ 8 thousand to educate them. We can make sure that money is put for innovative initiatives for the youth, rather than using it to lock them up.

Letitia James: As you all know there is a mandatory law in the State of New York that basically says if you are currently a felon and you commit another felony, you automatically have to go to jail, no matter what your circumstances are. We have to repeal the Rockefeller Law. We need to stop the expansion of the prison industrial complexes. And I disagree with Mr. Davis, the criminal justice system is not punishing anyone. It is unfortunately a perverse housing program, that's what it is. They get no skills , they get no education, they get no GED, it is nothing more than housing for individuals. What we need are more youth programs in the district. Again, I am working with Assemblyman Green so that we can build a Youth Opportunity Center on Fulton Street, in the 35th council district, and I will continue to do that as your councilperson.

Sidique Wai: One of the greatest problems in this community has been people using jailhouses to punish. We should be able to use monies we have to rehabilitate and to remodel the thinking of people so that our young people will choose an education and upward mobility, as opposed to crime and punishment. The monies that are being allocated to building jails should be used to give opportunities to our youth. But when they have nothing to do and there is nothing there for them, there are no role models and so forth, then they are going to choose going to gangs and things like that. We need to refocus our priorities, to invest in human beings as opposed to investing in jails. I will re-allocate those funds into more youth programs, more mentoring programs, and more quality education.

Avrohom Wasserman: When one reflects on what is the most cruel and unusual punishment you can give a person, I think with proper reflection the conclusion is, you take away his freedom. When you put someone in jail, you take away his freedom, when you take away his freedom, he stops being a human being. What I say, is before we do that, we have to exhaust all alternatives. We have to try different programs and different ways in terms of approaches. Also, on the other token, if someone is a danger to society, then we have no choice, but with youth, there are many ways to approach this. I will make this one of my priorities as councilman--to look for alternatives for jail, to look for alternatives for taking away people's freedom.

Imogene Baldwin-Ferguson: I believe that first of all, it is kind of unrealistic that they are going to allow you take the money that has already been allocated and do what you want. We have to take a realistic look at the fact that we have a lot of juvenile crime and our facilities are overcrowded and a lot of the reason things happen within the system is because of the overcrowding. So if you take money to build the new facilities so that you can relieve crowding, fine, but along with building the new facilities, we now have to find money to do rehabilitation projects, education projects, and to make sure that the family, not just the prisoner, is worked with, so that when a person steps out of the system, they move into society with their family, with the understanding that there is going to be a job and there is going to be housing.

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

Register To Vote or Be A Poll Worker

Voter Registration Forms
After printing and filling out the voter registration form, please send them by mail to:

Board of Elections
32 Broadway, 7th Floor
New York, NY

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Poll Worker Applications

After completing the forms, please send them to the address on the form.

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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