District 6 Upper West Side
GOTHAM GAZETTE: SEARCHLIGHT ON CAMPAIGN 2001: DISTRICT 6

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-Gale A. Brewer, Dem 30,988 - 73 percent
David R. Herz, Rep 9,031 - 21 percent
Anna R. Lewis, Ind 1,877 - 4 percent
Gary Snyder, Lbt 631 - 1 percent

Primary Election Results

Gale A. Brewer 13,512
Anna R. Lewis 4,473
Michael E. Brown 1,648
Larry Sauer 1,641
Jason S. Haber 1,334
Ron Foley 488
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: Ronnie M. Eldridge (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:


Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Gale Brewer
Contributors to Michael Brown
Contributors to Ronald Foley
Contributors to Jason Haber
Contributors to David Herz
Contributors to Anna Lewis
Contributors to Larry Sauer
Contributors to Gary Snyder

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 6

Issue Statements:
District 6 candidates' statements on the issues, at Savvyvoter.org


Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

The Critics

Ever since Ronnie Eldridge was elected to represent the Upper West Side in 1989, she has often taken the role of political maverick. She has called Rudy Giuliani "maybe the most uncivil mayor New York City has ever had." Of City Council Speaker Peter Vallone, she has said, "he's the only one with power. The rest of the council members lie at his feet or have his feet on their throats."

But some wonder if her outspokenness, especially towards Speaker Vallone, may have hurt her district.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.

Race:

  • White, non-Hispanic: 70%
  • Hispanic: 16%
  • Black, non Hispanic: 9%
  • Asian: 5%

Median income: $61,966 (Ranks 4th out of 51)

Unemployment rate: 5%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

In a district with residents concerned about over-development and a lack of affordable housing, Eldridge admitted, "I've been trying to get a major chairmanship for years now," particularly on the Land Use committee. To some political observers, her criticism of the city council may have cost her political leverage.

With a new council speaker slated for next term and 35 new council members, the candidates hope that there will be a new openness in the body, and thus not as much reason to criticize it -- and when there is a reason to criticize it, that the critics will no longer be punished as they have been in the past. It remains to be seen, though, which of the four candidates would be willing to fight and which ones would be committed to compromise.

"Ronnie represents the best of the liberal tradition," candidate Eric Nelson said. "But we need balance... |I don't know if the community has gotten everything they deserve."

Candidate Larry Sauer hopes to follow in the Upper West Side tradition of "having a higher standard of moral responsibility." At the same time, though, Sauer says he wants to avoid Eldridge's experience of being shut out by the leadership."I think the speaker marginalized her for a number of years for her attempts to democratize."

Gale Brewer said, "I'd like to continue the line of people who speak their conscience. I would speak out in the way Ronnie has spoken out."

Candidate Anna Lewis said, "I see myself as a leader of the Council as Ronnie was. I also see myself as an advocate, getting things done."

"There's a very rich tradition of our council members being the independent voice, the critic of the government," said Ethel Sheffer, who had considered running for City Council but did not. "But at the same time it's essential to be able to work within the system and to maximize your power within the legislature."

All of the candidates said that Eldridge, who has yet to endorse any of them, was a powerful advocate for the district. Despite her inability to get on the Land Use Board, the candidates say that she effectively fought development in the district, something that has become a major issue.

A number of luxury high-rise buildings have sprung up in recent years. All the candidates say this has led to over-development, which is changing the community and putting a strain on services.

In one of the most publicized examples, Donald Trump has built three towers 50 stories high along the Hudson River and has said that he plans to build as many as 15 more towers between 59th and 72nd St.

"The West Side is a beautiful place. But buildings are going up without regard to aesthetics," said Anna Lewis, pointing to a high-rise at 94th and Broadway which she calls "inconsistent with the neighborhood".

"We're talking about the atmosphere in the community. The Upper West Side has always had a very distinctive feel, and we're fighting to preserve that," said Gale Brewer, who nevertheless says she wants to look at any new development on a case by case basis.

All of the candidates are concerned with affordable housing, saying there is a need to encourage more middle income apartments to be built and to pr eserve the affordable housing that is in the district.

"Over the past 15 years, this community has changed tremendously," said Brewer. "A prime issue is affordable housing and preserving Mitchell-Lama laws."

The new buildings are also bringing thousands of new residents that candidates say are stretching services in the Upper West Side.

"There are transportation issues, sewage issues... It's a failure of city government not to plan better for all of these new people. There is no planning to speak of in this neighborhood," said Eric Nelson. "I don't want my children growing up in a mall."

"We need to say, 'If you want to build here, you have to give back to the community by building schools or parks,'" said Lewis.

Though some candidates say that it is too early to determine who is leading in the race, some residents say that Brewer is the apparent favorite. "Brewer appears to be the frontrunner," said Sheffer who stressed that she is not endorsing any candidate yet. "She's certainly the one who has been working at it for the longest amount of time." Brewer also has worked under Ruth Messinger when she was the outspoken District 6 representative before Eldridge.

Larry Sauer feels that his experience on the local school board 3 makes him an education candidate. "I'm well known as an advocate for the schools," said Sauer. He has gotten attention in the media as a school board member when he introduced a resolution condemning the Boy Scouts for discriminatory practices. Most recently, Sauer has made the papers by criticizing school leadership for threatening to cut the number of teachers in his district.

He is not above criticizing one of his opponents as well, accusing Anna Lewis of not living in the district.

"It's a technicality," replied Lewis, who said that she has lived in the district for many years but has moved one block outside the district while her apartment is renovated. "I have a direct involvement in housing issues," joked Lewis.

Lewis thinks that her combination of community activism and understanding of city housing laws make her a strong candidate for the seat. Jason Haber, who is 24, lives just one block outside the district too, but that does not stop him from taking on the attack mode of the other candidates. "I seriously wonder if I have four people running against me or just one four-headed candidate."

Eric Nelson sees himself as something of a political outsider, though he's been on the Community Board for eight years. He also points out that he is the only candidate with children in the district, giving what he calls, "more than an academic interest in these issues" -- which sounds like a dig at his opponents.

However the next council member from the Upper West Side chooses to approach the new leadership, then, it seems clear from their approach to each other that these candidates have been taking at least a few lessons from Ronnie Eldridge.

posted 3/20/01

Campaign Update:

The race for Council district 6 has grown more competitive as four new candidates have joined the race. Two Democrats -- Ron Foley and Michael Brown -- are aiming for the September primary, while Republican David Herz and Libertarian Gary Snyder are looking to challenge the Democratic winner in the November General Election.

Two candidates have also dropped out. According to other candidates and the latest information from the Board of Elections, Democrat Eric Nelson has dropped out of the race, although Nelson could not be reached to comment. Lawrence Cinamon, the 18-year-old student who was running as a Republican, recently dropped out of the race when he learned of Herz's candidacy. On his web site he writes, "The only reason I started my campaign was to see an "R" on the ballot in November, not my name."

Despite the increasing competition, and the combative nature of the district, the race has turned surprisingly civil. In June, all of the candidates agreed not to challenge the voter signatures on their opponents' petitions. In most races, challenging opponents' petition is a regular (albeit ethically impaired) part of the competitive political process in New York. (See Campaign Tangle)

The candidates who more recently joined in the race tend to focus on the same issues in the district.

Democratic candidate Ron Foley says he is concerned, as are the other candidates, with the changing commercial face of the neighborhood. "I would like to fight to preserve the look and feel of the community," says Foley. "Pretty soon, there will be a Starbucks on every corner. I don't want this to become the Upper East Side." If elected to the Council, Foley also plans to focus on gay rights and park preservation.

Republican candidate David Herz cautions about letting new developers like Donald Trump build freely. "Developers must take responsibility for what they're doing," says Herz. "Trump must provide community enhancement first, then he can develop. If you tax our resources, our traffic, and our sewer system, you have to give the community something in return." Herz also advocates eliminating the Board of Education and cutting taxes.

Democratic candidate Michael Brown is also concerned with development, but has a slightly different tack. "There's always going to be development," Brown says. "New York is a changing city, so what can you say to a developer? However, I believe that community residents should get preference above everybody else for housing in new developments. I want to keep residents in this community, not push them out."

Brown says if he is elected he will work on two issues of immediate importance: preventing the elimination of tollbooth clerks from subways in the district, and releasing information about the health risks of pesticide spraying that happens in subways, parks, and neighborhoods.

Libertarian candidate Snyder wants to focus primarily on drug law reform, which he believes is the number one issue in the city, and on cutting the costs of city government. "New York City has some of the highest tax rates in the country, and I want to change that," says Snyder.

The Republican and the Libertarian candidates concede that their chances of winning the seat in this overwhelmingly Democratic district are slim, but both hope to have an impact on the race.

"This district is an area that has benefited greatly from the Giuliani administration," says Herz. "And people should know that Republicans have done some amazing things for this country." Gary Snyder, running on a Libertarian platform, believes many Democrats are willing to support a Libertarian candidate. "Do you know how many people say to me, 'I'm a Democrat, but I'm fiscally conservative,' or, 'I'm a Republican, but I'm socially liberal?'" says Snyder.

Meanwhile, the Democratic candidates are looking for one thing that might give one of them an advantage over the rest: an endorsement from outgoing Councilmember Ronnie Eldridge. Eldridge is currently conducting interviews with the candidates.

posted 7/19/01


Candidate Biographies

Gale Brewer has been a community activist for many years and active in New York's nonprofit community. She began her career in the city government working as former-Councilmember Ruth Messinger's Chief of Staff for eleven years. She has worked under the Public Advocate office on intergovernmental affairs, and under Mayor David Dinkins between 1990 and 1994. She is currently the Project Manager for the New York City Nonprofits Project, a census on the economic and service impact of the nonprofit sector on the city. She is married and has two adopted children.

Michael Brown works with the New York City Administrative Services as an examination proctor for police officer and transit employee exams. He has lived in the district for over twenty years.

Ronald Foley, 32, is on a "sabbatical" from Princeton Review, the test-prep company, in order to finalize a deal to publish his book, The Girls Guide to the SAT. He has ran several Stanley Kaplan test-prep centers throughout the country. He has also worked on various campaigns, including Jim McGreevey's bid for Governor of New Jersey. He is openly gay.

Jason Haber, 24, graduated from George Washington University in 1999 with a major in political communications. He has worked for various candidates, and served as an aide to Lanny Davis, special counsel to President Clinton. He is now employed by journalist Gale Sheehy.

David Herz is a real estate attorney in a private practice. He lives on the Upper West Side with his wife and two kids. He has previously run for State Assembly and the local school board.

Anna Lewis is a community activist who is a member of various community groups such as the Mitchell-Lama Resident's Coalition and the Concerned Citizens for Community Action. She is a Democratic District Leader and has run tenant seminars over the years. Over the past decade she served as Lead Counsel to the New York State Assembly Committee on Oversight, Analysis and Investigation, and as an Administrative Law Judge for the NYC Taxi and Limousine Commission.

Larry Sauer has been a representative of School Board District 3 for the past five years. He is a leader in his block association and a tenant activist. He also is active in the local chapter of the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network, training teachers, guidance staff and parents in the schools to make a more welcome environment for young people. He owns a small graphic design business in Manhattan.

Gary Snyder is a business analyst for a New York City investment bank. He is one of ten libertarian candidates running for city council throughout the city.


Campaign Trail

9/9/01
The battle for City Council on the Upper West Side, experts say, is being waged between one steamrolling competitor and just a challenger or two. This dynamic was nowhere more apparent than at a recent forum in the Sixth Council District, when each candidate chose to fire a potentially damaging question at the same competitor, Gale A. Brewer. Her two main competitors are seen as Larry Sauer and Anna Lewis. The candidates trace many of the district's problems, like high asthma rates, traffic congestion and school overcrowding, to the influx of residents in luxury buildings. (New York Times)

8/29/01
The New York Times today endorsed a candidate in this race. Sixth District (Upper West Side): The two main candidates are Anna Lewis, a lawyer and law judge, and Gale Brewer, who has experience at several levels of city government. Ms. Brewer has worked for Public Advocate Mark Green on voting issues, former Mayor David Dinkins as the city's federal lobbyist and Ruth Messinger as her top aide at the City Council a decade ago. Ms. Brewer recently completed a much-needed study of 30,000 nonprofit organizations in the city. With a nod to Ms. Lewis's effort to bring new ideas into the debate, our endorsement goes to Gale Brewer.

7/05/01
Profile of Republican candidate David Herz. "Herz, a Republican, campaigns on a platform that would make Mayor Rudy Giuliani proud." Indeed, Herz advocates some conservative ideas, such as abolishing the Board of Education, which, he claims, is not effective. He also talks about the praise he receives from some residents in the district. (The Westsider)

6/21/01 Profile of Democrat Larry Sauer. "If the race for the Upper West Side's City Council seat were only about education, Larry Sauer would be the man to beat." Sauer talks about his experience with the public schools from serving on Community School Board 3. He cites the improvement of the schools in his district since becoming a member. (The Westsider)

6/14/01 Profile of Democrat Jason Haber. "The youngest candidate in the race...is also the most historically-minded." He cites Roosevelt as his model, because he ran successfully for State Assembly when he was 23. Haber proposes some ideas for improving education, such as contracting corporations like IBM to supply schools with computer technology, in exchange for allowing the contributing corporation a chance to advertise in the schools. Plans such as that are in effect all over the nation right now. (The Westsider)

6/07/01 Profile of Democrat Anna Lewis. She talks about the weaknesses of some of her opponents, and her unique experience. "Lewis said working at the [Ivan Merber Community Assistance Center] has prepared her for the constituent services a City Council position entails." (The Westsider)

5/31/01 Profile of former Democratic candidate Eric Nelson. "Bus service, trash collection, and parks and recreation facilities--the bread and butter of a council members' constituent services--are the sorts of topics Nelson addresses everyday on the community board." Nelson proposes several laws that he would try see passed, such as a law to equalize tax rates between apartment-dwellers and single-family homeowners. The tax rates are currently slated against apartment-dwellers, he said. (The Westsider)

5/24/01 Profile of Gale Brewer. Brewer embraces the label of a progressive. "Brewer said one of her goals, if elected, would be to work to rationalize the many disparate city agencies and programs that address similar city needs but don't work together." She also talks about the issue of race in the district, an issue that she knows well and which some of her opponents seem to neglect. She vows to work hard to improve racial harmony. (The Westsider)

04/09/01 An interview with Ronnie Eldridge. She reflects on her time as a Councilwoman for District 6 and about the current state of politics, citywide and in her community. (NY Times)

03/12/01
Trump is in the process of building a huge apartment "village" in District 6. Maybe not today, maybe not tomorrow, but some day--and it's going to be big. (Daily News)

02/15/01
An overview of the Council race, with all the candidates weighing in on the issues that are important to them ( West Side Spirit)

2/01/01
The race on the Upper West Side pits Gale Brewer, who has worked for a mayor, the public advocate, and for a city councilmember, against Anna Lewis, who has worked for a member of the State Assembly, against Larry Sauer, a graphic designer. Sauer says "he's the only one of hte three ever elected to office in a competitive race: for the local school board. 'Speaking on behalf of someone else is different [from] speaking on behalf of yourself,' he says.(NY-1)

01/01/01
Candidate Gale Brewer is named as one of the 50 New Yorkers to watch (Daily News)

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.


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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
SavvyVoter.org
NYVote.com
Votesmart
NYPIRG
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
DemocracyNet
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart

E-Voting
Election.com

Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Media
Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Conservative
Democratic
Green
Independence
Liberal
Republican
Right to Life
Working Families
Communist
Libertarian
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Socialist
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
DL21C
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.


Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)


2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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