The Race for Mayor
GOTHAM GAZETTE: SEARCHLIGHT ON CAMPAIGN 2001: MAYOR

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?
Masthead

 

Ethics In Government: Alan Hevesi

1. CAMPAIGN FINANCE: The city's landmark campaign finance program is now 13 years old.

a) What is your assessment of how the program is working? What changes, if any, would you seek in that law?

b) In 1998, the law was amended in several ways. These include a four-to-one match of smaller contributions from city residents; a ban on corporate contributions; a requirement that candidates disclose if contributors are doing business with the city; and a requirement that political action committees register with the board to qualify as contributors. What is your opinion of the impact of these changes?

I am a strong supporter of the Campaign Finance program and its 1998 amendments. New York City is among the most progressive municipalities in the country in terms of campaign finance. Its pioneering four-to-one match for small individual contributions is precisely the way to level the field for new candidates. When Mayor Giuliani attempted to dismantle our campaign finance system last winter, I joined other city leaders and signed onto a brief filed by the Brennan Center against the Mayor's short-sighted effort.

In designing an effective campaign finance system, it is vital that we make campaign contributions and spending as transparent as possible. Everything must be brought out into the sunlight, allowing voters to know who gives to which candidates -- and how much.

Although it is still early to assess to the full impact of the 1998 reforms, this election cycle has already proven that they were instrumental in encouraging people to run for office. There are more candidates for local officers and increasingly their campaigns are grassroots efforts financed by local supporters. I look forward to working with the newly-revitalized City Council that is sure to be the result.

2. ETHICS RULES: The city charter's conflicts of interest rules were last revised in 1988.

a) What changes, if any, do you support in the city's current conflicts of interest provisions?

b) The charter's "revolving door" rules prohibit former city employees from representing paying clients before their former agency for one year after leaving city service. Similar revolving door prohibition on the state level is for two years; five years on some federal level. Do you believe the city's current revolving door provisions are adequate?

Getting government to respond to your needs should not be based on whom you know or whom you hire. It should be based instead on the merit of your issue or the greater value of your bid. Our current lobbying laws do not do enough to limit the influence of lobbyists over our City. In July, I outlined a number of important steps we need to take to strengthen the City's lobbying laws, steps that I will work for immediately upon becoming Mayor.

First, we need to raise the current one-year ban on lobbying by former City officials to five years to make sure that departing officials are not soon lobbying their former colleagues. Such activity undermines public trust in government and distorts our agencies' priorities. As Mayor, I will work to amend the City's lobbying law to increase the fines for lobbying violations to up to $100,000. In addition, I will require lobbyists to file a detailed activity report with the City Clerk within two business days of having engaged in lobbying activity. Such reports would be critical in tracking lobbyists, and ensuring that our government's operations are fully transparent. Importantly, I would also limit lobbyists' fundraising activity, ensuring that our elected officials do not come to rely on special interests for their own job security. The public's trust in government is predicated on the brief that government officials put the public interest first. As Mayor, I will act swiftly put in place a set of rules that will help guarantee that they do.

3. CITY HALL STEPS: There has been an ongoing controversy on access to City Hall and its steps, with Mayor Giuliani citing security concerns to impose a permit system for groups seeking to hold news conferences and other events on the steps and plaza area. What would be your policy on the use of City Hall for these activities? Do you support, oppose or have another position on the current permitting regulations? A bill -- Intro 657-A -- is pending in the City Council to suspend the permitting requirements for groups under a certain number. Do you support, oppose or have another position on the bill?

The morning I become Mayor, the steps to City Hall will be opened to the public and will remain unencumbered by permit requirements from then on. It's as simple as that. City Hall is a public place. Its steps have been a symbol of democracy in this city for nearly two centuries as a platform for public views and a soapbox for political activity of all stripes. Under the Hevesi administration, City Hall's steps will be reopened to every New Yorker to voice his or her concerns, keep an eye on the elected representatives, or simply to enjoy a nice day.

4. CROSSWALKS: In 1993, the city created the Crosswalks channels, which cablecasts the public activities of the mayor, City Council, other officials and city agencies.

a) What, if any, changes would you make in Crosswalks coverage and operations?

b) In recent years, the city has used its Crosswalks channels in a variety of ways. These include cablecast of track races to assist the Off Track Betting Corporation; leasing the channels to commercial foreign language program; and for CUNY television. Would you continue these uses? What other kind of programming would you envision for Crosswalks?

Crosswalks has a great deal of untapped potential. While it very recently improved its broadcast format and the timeliness of its programming, there is more it can do to make New York City's government more accessible and intelligible to our citizens. Crosswalks is currently available to 1.7 million households, allowing close to half of the city's population to view its programming. As Mayor, I would ensure that Crosswalks continued to become more relevant to New Yorkers. Rather than simply broadcasting the proceedings of city government as is currently done, I would seek to add explanation and commentary. While it's very interesting to watch hearings and press conferences, much of what occurs can sound Byzantine. C-Span provides simple descriptions of what is being viewed and also provides programming with commentary on a wide variety of civic issues related to its coverage of House and Senate proceedings. Providing such content on Crosswalks will make the activities of NYC government more accessible.

I do not approve of the use of Crosswalks for OTB and related programming. Broadcasting horse races provides little enrichment to New Yorkers, and does nothing to make our government more accessible or to provide useful information about our government's services. On the other hand, leasing time to organizations like CUNY, which may provide educational content that is broadly helpful for New Yorkers, is an excellent idea. I am also supportive of leasing time to foreign-language stations to provide immigrants with programming in their native language. I would require that such programming not be strictly for entertainment nor be overly commercial. Such an arrangement would not only provide services to a range of New Yorkers, but would help provide some revenue to support its operations.

As more and more city services find their way onto the Internet, Crosswalks could fill a niche by providing information to those citizens who do not yet have direct access to the Internet. As Mayor, I will work to make sure that Crosswalks covers as much of the information on the City's website as possible.

5. PUBLIC INFORMATION: The 1989 charter created a Commission on Public Information and Communication, chaired by the Public Advocate. It mission includes: reviewing city information policies and the use of new communications technologies for the city; and issuing advisory opinions on Open Meetings and Freedom of Information requests. It has not been funded since 1991 and has rarely met in recent years.

a) What role, if any, do you see COPIC serving during the next four years?

b) What other steps would you take to assist New Yorkers in obtaining information about government activities and services?

COPIC was established to help advance a worthy goal: increasing citizens' access to government information. With the explosion of the Internet and information technology, COPIC is even more relevant today than it was at its creation 12 years ago. In terms of providing information to citizens, the Internet has unparalleled potential. But given the sheer magnitude of the information that the City stores, ensuring that the right information is available -- and in a timely manner -- is a massive task, one that COPIC is well suited to help oversee.

Under the Hevesi administration, COPIC will play a role in helping bring City services and information online. As we move to put permitting and other services on the Internet, COPIC can help identify our priorities, and it can help coordinate our activities across the various agencies. COPIC can also assist in the important tasks of ensuring that the City provides accessible information to non-English speakers and to those without Internet access. It is my hope that COPIC can be reconstituted in such a way that these essential questions are addressed, so that we can continue to make the governance of our city more transparent and more accessible to all New Yorkers. At this time, however, it is imprudent to make specific budgetary commitments related to COPIC with the start of my term still five months away.

6. WHISTEBLOWERS: What additional protections, if any, would you support to protect city employees who report government corruption, waste or inefficiency?

Every dollar lost due to governmental waste or fraud is one fewer dollar that can be spent on educating our children, putting police on the streets, or fulfilling our duty to provide services to our citizens. As Mayor, I will continue the work I have done as Comptroller to closely watch where our money goes, to ensure that it is spent wisely and efficiently and -- more importantly -- that it is not squandered by fraudulent activity. I will also work to expand protections for those civil servants courageous enough to point out waste or fraud at their workplace. Such workers should be able to report abuses anonymously, and they should be accorded every available protection if they are confronted by their coworkers or superiors.

Already, I have worked hard to protect taxpayer dollars and cut waste and fraud. During my tenure as Comptroller, the number of annual audits of New York City agencies nearly tripled to 153 in fiscal year 2000 (up from 57 in 1993). My office identified $382 million in actual savings and revenues and $469 million in potential savings to the City through the course of these audits. I exposed fraud, cronyism and impropriety in the contracting process. Over the last seven years, 471 contracts were sent back to City agencies by my office because of a variety of problems and irregularities.

As Comptroller, I have utilized a frauds hotline and a similar facility on our website to make sure that all citizens -- the general public and employees alike -- have the opportunity to report any governmental fraud or waste in complete confidentiality. Indeed, I have worked to ensure that any person reporting an act of corruption, waste, or inefficiency remains confidential and strive to protect these dedicated public servants. As Mayor, I will do the same, and will work to protect and expand the rights and the confidentiality of those who point out fraud or abuse.

Public servants are important allies in fighting fraud and corruption. Still, only by providing them with expanded protection can we fully enlist them in the fight. Having the courage to blow the whistle on fraud is laudable and absolutely essential. As Mayor, I will make it a point to honor this courage.

7. CONTRACTING: New York City purchases more than $7 billion a year in goods and services. The new charter made sweeping changes in the way the city contracts, placing basic authority for the award of city contracts with the office of the mayor. What steps have you taken and would you take to insure efficient and ethical city contracting?

During my tenure as Comptroller, my office has conducted a multitude of audits of City contracts to assure that contractors perform their side of the bargain and City agencies appropriately monitor contractor performance. In addition, my office reviews all City contracts before they are registered to make sure that the contracting process is free from corruption and that the City procures goods and services from only responsible contractors. In that regard, my office has raised many substantial issues pertaining to contractors, such as concerns about contractor performance, potential corruption, and problems with the bidding process. The issues that my office raised resulted in 164 agreements that were either terminated, withdrawn, or not submitted for registration with my office, and 414 agreements that were modified to address our concerns. Moreover, my representatives on the City's Procurement Policy Board have worked to reduce bureaucratic delays, streamline how the City does business and expedite payments to City contractors. My office has also been an innovator in the use of technology in City contracting through the implementation of a paperless office system by which we review contracts. As Mayor, I will continue to introduce efficiencies in the City's contracting process by expanding the use of innovative technologies, such as on-line procurement of goods and services.

8. DEPARTMENT OF INVESTIGATION: The Commissioner of Investigations serves at the pleasure of the mayor. Some have argued that granting the commissioner a fixed term would increase their independence; others have said that it is important for the commissioner to be fully accountable to a mayor and thus removable when necessary. Do you support, oppose or have another position on having the commissioner serve for a fixed term?

I support the current system for appointing Department of Investigation Commissioners, and will maintain it as Mayor. When deciding what rules should govern a public official appointed to investigate fraud and corruption, one must balance two competing values. On one hand, the Commissioner must be sufficiently independent to be able to investigate the Mayoral administration if necessary. At the same time, though, the Department of Investigation Commissioner must be accountable to the voters whose investments he or she protects -- and thus must report to an elected official. Right now, by having a Department of Investigation Commissioner who is appointed by the Mayor to a term longer than the Mayor's, and who is removable by the Mayor only with public explanation, we effectively balance these two demands.

9. PRIVATE FUNDS: There has been continuing controversies about the use of private funds in government projects.

a) Past mayors have set up private corporations to solicit funds for summit meetings, travel abroad, parades, inaugurations and other events. What is your view on the appropriate role for the use of private funds to support these initiatives?

b) City parks officials came under fire for requiring groups wishing to use parks for private events to pay differing fees to benefit a private parks foundation. How would you handle this situation?

The City's budget is large, but it will never be big enough to do everything that we would like. There is an important place for private funds, then, in enabling the City to draw on additional revenue streams. Parks provide a good example. By drawing on private funds, the Parks Department can supplement its own allocations, and can do more to maintain our urban oases.

Still, City government and the money it spends must be accountable to the public. In other words, private funds donated to public purposes must come with no strings attached, and they must be subject to audits as with public funds. I certainly support the concept of using private help to enable our budget to do worthwhile projects that are beyond our means, but only with strict accountability and strict enforcement.

The recent controversy with the Parks Department is an example of a wonderful idea that, left unchecked, wandered astray of the best intentions of those involved. Charging fees for large, organized events at parks in order to defray maintenance and contribute to their improvement has occurred for years. But these fees must be publicly monitored to ensure that they are assessed in an equitable manner.

10. POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT: What are or would be your guidelines for insuring that government staff and resources not be abused for political campaign purposes?

There is a simple answer to this and it's that they do not mix. The managers I will appoint to my government office will be there because they are the most experienced, best qualified specialists in their field. I will insist that members of my administration act impartially in carrying out their duties and, to the extent that I may be campaigning again in four years for re-election, will ensure that they understand that matters of governmental administration are completely separate from campaign activities. In my current run for Mayor -- and in all previous runs for office -- I have ensured that all campaign activities occur in a campaign office, separate and apart from my official duties. Throughout this campaign and throughout my term as Mayor, I will be quick to criticize those who cannot make this important distinction.

11. VOTER REGISTRATION: Nearly two million New Yorkers who are eligible to vote are not registered to vote. In 2000, the city enacted a Pro-Voter law to strengthen voter registration activities by city agencies, including the non-partisan Voter Assistance Commission. As mayor, what steps would you take to encourage voter registration and participation? What role do you see for the Voter Assistance Commission?

I am a strong supporter of voter registration drives, and of the recent local law which mandated that everyone receiving a City service receive a voter registration form as well. High voter registration will ensure that all communities are evenly represented, and will help make our public officials accountable to the entire City that they represent.

Established in 1998, the VAC is essential in encouraging our growing population -- many of whom are newcomers to our City and country -- to participate in the democratic process. Strictly non-partisan, the VAC monitors voter registration and works with Mayoral agencies and other organizations within the city to promote both voter registration and voter participation. Under the current administration, the VAC has received little in the way of support, and is lacking both the resources and the Mayoral commitment needed to make it an effective tool to increase registration and encourage education. I am a strong supporter of increasing political participation and expanding the number of registered voters, and would certainly be supportive of this commission as Mayor. I would also work to ensure that voters who do not speak English are targeted for voter registration and voter education drives.

12. INDEPENDENT BUDGET OFFICE: Both former Mayor Dinkins and Mayor Giuliani opposed establishing an Independent Budget Office, saying it was unnecessary despite civic and editorial support for the office. The IBO was eventually set up in 1995 by court order. Do you support, oppose or have another position on the continued existence of the IBO?

I strongly support the good work the IBO has done, and would not eliminate it as Mayor. The IBO's independent analysis has been a useful and balancing voice in budget debates since first being funded in 1996. Its cogent reports on the federal welfare surplus, the City's reporting structure for corporate subsidies, the Mayor's preliminary and executive budgets, and a host of other fiscal issues are a critical counterweight that facilitate public understanding and participation in budget debates. It is truly unfortunate that the current administration has ignored the IBO analyses. As Mayor, I will make sure that its voice is heard, and that its reports and recommendations are closely considered.

13. ELECTIONS: What steps would you take as mayor to improve and modernize how city elections are run by the Board of Elections?

There is no question that our voting process and infrastructure needs to be addressed. Our voting machines and our election administration could reasonably be called third world, and that is simply unacceptable. New Yorkers currently vote on machines that are forty years old, and that break all too frequently. The Board of Elections' recent suggestion that it might be necessary to delay the September runoff is indicative of broader troubles with both the Board and its equipment.

To protect New Yorkers' right to vote, much needs to be done. First, we need to overhaul our election machinery, repairing or replacing those ancient machines. We also need to invest in elections that are better funded and better run. Better training for poll workers is another important ingredient. Having supervised a staff of 800 as Comptroller, I have developed the strong managerial skills that will be needed to fix the chronic troubles that plague our Board of Elections.

But beyond fixing the mechanics of voting, we can and should do more. I also propose that we declare primary day a state holiday, that we allow people to register to vote as late as election day, and that we make it easier for people to vote by absentee. Together, this package would go a long way towards ensuring that the right to vote is not challenged by faulty technology or laws that are needlessly limiting. Once I am elected, I will certainly invite NYPIRG to join me in advancing this package in the State Legislature.

14. TERM LIMITS: Term limits for all elected officials are due to take effect his year. Do you support, oppose or have another position on the city's term limits law?

As I indicated above, I am against term limits. I believe very strongly that elections are the best way to allow voters to support or reject candidates or incumbents. With that said, I believe there is more that can be done to increase the levels of participation in our elections in order to ensure that they truly indicate the will of the people. Educating voters on important issues in ways that they can easily understand will not only open government to them, but would also make it more relevant to their everyday lives. This alone would create a greater likelihood that the public would then exercise its power to make its voice heard through voting.

15. OTHER STEPS: What other steps, not discussed in answer to any of the above questions, would you take to enhance the integrity of city government, to fight corruption, and to reduce potential conflicts of interest in city government?

As Mayor, I will respect the power of the office, and be sure that in my public remarks, I do not needlessly denigrate other governmental bodies and officials. I will also treat the City Charter with the utmost respect, and will certainly not maneuver to change it for narrow, partisan reasons.

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Find what city council district you are in -- and learn more about what's going on there, and who's running.


What is this?
Gotham Gazette's Searchlight on Campaign 2001 offers a comprehensive look at what is being called New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history. (See the left-hand column for an explanation).


Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.


Register To Vote or Be A Poll Worker

Voter Registration Forms
After printing and filling out the voter registration form, please send them by mail to:

Board of Elections
32 Broadway, 7th Floor
New York, NY
10004-1609

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Poll Worker Applications

After completing the forms, please send them to the address on the form.

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
SavvyVoter.org
NYVote.com
Votesmart
NYPIRG
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
DemocracyNet
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart

E-Voting
Election.com

Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Media
Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Conservative
Democratic
Green
Independence
Liberal
Republican
Right to Life
Working Families
Communist
Libertarian
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Socialist
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
DL21C
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.


Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)


2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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