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The Nod of the Bosses... Scramble for the City Council... Basic Training for Council Recruits... How They Stack up on Term Limit... Dynasties... The Speech that Saved Term Limits...


What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


Mayoral Campaign Trail

Democrats who went to the polls in New York on Tuesday - two weeks after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center - might have thought they were beginning to settle the question of who would succeed Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani at the end of the year.

They were wrong.

None of the Democrats won more than 40 percent of the vote, meaning that there will be a runoff election, on Oct. 11, between the top two vote- getters: Fernando Ferrer, the Bronx borough president, and Mark Green, the public advocate.

Mr. Ferrer's success in turning out Latino and black voters suggested that this will be a more competitive primary than Mr. Green might have expected. And Mr. Giuliani made clear that he was not about to go yet. The mayor told the candidates that he wanted them to agree to extend his term, for two to three months, to help with the transition. Otherwise, he said he would ask the State Legislature to overturn term limits so that he could run again. Mr. Green and Michael R. Bloomberg, who easily won the Republican nomination, agreed to Mr. Giuliani's demand. But Mr. Ferrer did not. (New York Times)

Mark Green yesterday belittled Fernando Ferrer's response to the destruction of the World Trade Center, saying Mr. Ferrer, the Bronx borough president and his rival for the mayoralty, had been "largely silent" in explaining how he would rebuild New York and guard against future terrorist attacks. Mr. Green mocked Mr. Ferrer's assertion that his work rebuilding the Bronx had prepared him to deal with a crisis of this magnitude. He also said he disagreed with Mr. Ferrer's position that the reconstruction that had to be done after the attack should be spread out across New York, and not concentrated in the financial district. (New York Times)

Mayoral candidate Fernando Ferrer and the Rev. Al Sharpton taunted Mayor Rudy Giuliani for proposing a 90-day extension of his term in the midst of an election for his successor. "If I cannot address a crisis, and if I need to be an apprentice for Rudy, then why am I wasting the people's time with my candidacy?" Ferrer said. "I am ready now." Sharpton went further, suggesting Giuliani was attempting to impose himself on the city as a "king." "We didn't come together for you, Rudy. We came together for the victims of the World Trade Center," Sharpton said. "We elected a mayor, not a messiah." Sharpton added, "We would have come together if Bozo was the mayor." (Daily News)

With debate swirling over the need and appropriateness of his remaining as mayor after his term due to the World Trade Center disaster, Rudolph Giuliani yesterday strongly reiterated the necessity of a longer transition period between the Dec. 31 end of his administration and the start of the next mayor's tenure."All I care about is the future of the city, and that it be done right," Giuliani declared. "There's no other motivation, no other desire." He would not say whether he did not have faith in any of the candidates seeking to succeed him. "I would not have faith in myself being able to do the job at the high level of quality at which it has to be done, if I only had a month and a half to transition it under these circumstances." (Newsday)

In a mayoral campaign with relatively few distinctions among the candidates, Rudolph Giuliani helped create one by urging the contenders to bow to his demand for a term extension of several months, or face the threat of him trying to persuade the State Legislature to allow him to run for a third term. Mark Green acceded to Mr. Giuliani's request. Fernando Ferrer, who is Mr. Green's opponent in the October 11 runoff, did not. These contrasting positions, in a year when all the candidates have struggled to balance criticism of Mr. Giuliani with praise of his tenure, caught the eye of many Democrats yesterday, among them Green supporters who were not happy with the turn of events. Some suggested that Mr. Ferrer, who waited for Mr. Green to issue a news release backing Mr. Giuliani before announcing his opposition, had seized the higher ground, at least from the perspective of Democrats who tend to vote in a primary. (New York Times)

Yesterday the mayor uncharacteristically declined to respond to Fernando Ferrer's rejection of his plan to extend his term by three months. "I'm going to think about it," Mr. Giuliani said in his morning briefing with reporters, when asked about Mr. Ferrer's rejection. "It's not, it really is hardly the first thing on my mind." One of the mayor's aides, though, fired a warning shot, saying that Mr. Giuliani is still weighing his options, and that Mr. Ferrer's stance had been noted. "The last person who did that was Alan Hevesi," the aide said. (New York Times)

Each of the three major candidates defended his position on Giuliani's unprecedented proposal to remain in office for three extra months. (Daily News)

The two Democratic mayoral candidates yesterday dramatically split over Mayor Giuliani's proposal to stay on for an extra three months - leaving the possibility open that the mayor will push to end term limits so he can stay in office. (New York Post) (Daily News) (New York Times)

By refusing to go along with Mayor Giuliani's request for a three-month extension to his term, Fernando Ferrer yesterday kicked the debate upstairs - to Albany and, more specifically, to Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver.

In the absence of a voluntary pact among all three candidates, only Silver can now break the political logjam by pushing through legislation to grant Giuliani the 90 extra days he seeks. In this, the Manhattan Democrat can likely count on the support of mayoral hopefuls Mark Green and Michael Bloomberg, both of whom agreed to the extension yesterday, as well as Gov. Pataki, Giuliani and every other Republican in the land. But Silver will likely face stiff opposition from elsewhere, certainly from Ferrer, and just as likely from the Assembly's Black and Latino Caucus, an important part of Silver's legislative base. (Daily News)

The day after the primary, the campaign for the October 11 Democratic mayoral runoff election began, with Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer competing for the votes of 250,000 voters, most of them white, seen as key to victory. City Council Speaker Peter Vallone, who finished third, endorsed Ferrer yesterday, while Green got the support of Queens Democratic leader Thomas Manton and Brooklyn leader Clarence Norman, both of whom had supported Alan Hevesi, who came in fourth.

Ferrer, whose black-Latino coalition made him the top vote getter on Tuesday, is now trying to win support from those white voters who had cast ballots for Hevesi or Vallone. Green, meanwhile, was portraying himself as the candidate with the broadest and most diverse support. (Daily News)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer has a choice about how to pursue his campaign for the Democratic runoff election on October 11. He can either try to broaden his appeal to attract more white voters to his mayoral campaign or he can make a direct appeal to ethnic pride to strengthen his foundation of black and Latino voters. Ferrer won 52 percent of the black vote and 72 percent of the Hispanic vote, but only 7 percent of the white vote, according to exit polls on Tuesday. And the surveys found that an overwhelming majority of white Democrats who voted for losing candidates Alan Hevesi and Peter Vallone would support Mark Green in a Ferrer-Green race. (New York Times)

Instead of celebrating his victory in the Republican mayoral primary, Michael Bloomberg spent the day Wednesday wondering whether Mayor Rudolph Giuliani would be running against him. Bloomberg refused to say whether he supported or opposed a Giuliani mayoral campaign but did reiterate his support for term limits, which bar Giuliani from seeking a third term. (Daily News)

Republican mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg who, like other candidates, suspended campaigning after the World Trade Center attack said his multimillion dollar advertising campaign would be back on radio and television this weekend. He will try to convince voters that his business and managerial skills make him uniquely qualified to help rebuild New York after the attacks and in troubled economic times. (New York Times)

The mayoral candidates all talked about the World Trade Center attack in their acceptance and concession speeches last night. "For the next 16 days there will be a runoff in the campaign for mayor, but it won't be a normal campaign because these are not normal times," said Mark Green. "Our campaigns must be utterly focused on the future, on how we can unite and rebuild the city, how to protect our families, how to begin the renewal, and we have to - and I am confident we will - avoid the kind of petty, personal, negative attacks that divert the public." Fernando Ferrer said there were many levels to recovery efforts. "Even as we recover our victims from the rubble we understand that rebuilding our devastated financial district is not just an economic imperative, it's a spiritual imperative as well," said Ferrer. "And that great work will require and demand all of us to reach across the aisle and reach out to those with whom we've sometimes been at odds to forge a new alliance with our federal, state and local governments, business and labor, to repair the incredible damage to the infrastructure and the economy of Lower Manhattan." Republican Michael Bloomberg also talked about the general election as a key to rebuilding the city. "It's time to step back and consider the monumental task ahead," said Bloomberg. "All of a sudden, what New York City needs has changed, and changed dramatically. We've weathered the crisis and now we face the rebuilding - an enterprise no city has ever faced before. The central question facing the voters on November 6 will be this: who has the knowledge, who has the experience, and who has the track record to handle the enormous job of rebuilding our city and moving forward?" (New York 1)

Last night, some of the mayor's aides continued to look for ways to extend his term, even as others seethed over the idea, fearing that he will sully the good will he has gained by engaging in a protracted legal battle that some say would be almost impossible to win. The mayor's office contacted City Council members last week to test the waters for a possible term extension or modification to the term- limits law, which bars the mayor from serving a third consecutive term. Such a modification would require state or city legislation; so far, leaders of the City Council and the State Legislature have not been very receptive to the idea. The mayor's office also asked Steven Spinola, president of the Real Estate Board of New York, to survey members about such an effort and to lobby Sheldon Silver, the Assembly speaker, on the matter, which many did, an official said. "We wanted to find out if the support was there, and it was," said a City Hall official. "Now we're trying to find out what is legal." (NY Times)

Mayor Giuliani said yesterday that he is "available" if people want him to keep his job. "I am open to the idea of doing it. I don't know yet the right way or the right thing to do, and I have to really consult and talk to the governor and other people that really have to have a voice and a role in figuring out how to do it," Giuliani told CBS-TV's Dan Rather in an interview to be broadcast tonight. (Daily News)

The ethnic breakdown of voters for the Democratic mayoral candidates. (Newsday)

Now that Public Advocate Mark Green and Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer have scratched their way to an apparent run-off, the race is on to snare key endorsements that had gone to the two losers. (NY Post)

The Times repeats its list of endorsements for the primary, including Mark Green for mayor, Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate, and William Thompson for comptroller, and borough-wide and local races. (New York Times)

The Daily News editorializes about voting, including a repeat of its endorsements, which include Peter Vallone for mayor in Democratic primary; Mike Bloomberg in Republican primary, Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate, and Herb Berman for comptroller. (Daily News)

Newday's don't forget to vote editorial, plus reminders of its choices: Alan Hevesi for mayor in Democratic primary, Bloomberg in Republican; Stephen DiBrienza for public advocate, and Herb Berman for comptroller. (Newsday)

New York Post endorsements: Peter Vallone (mayor), Scott Stringer (public advocate),

Village Voice endorsements: Mark Green (mayor), Norman Siegel (public advocate), Herb Berman (comptroller)

Crain's New York Business endorsement: Peter Vallone (mayor, Democratic)

[For details on these endorsements, endorsements in other local races, and endorsements by other newspapers as well as organizations and individuals, please surf through the Campaign Trail in September, August, and even July]

Key legislators in Albany and New York City yesterday flatly rejected extending Mayor Giuliani's term - even as members of the mayor's inner circle split over whether he should try to remain in office past Dec. 31. "I don't contemplate any circumstance that would get the Senate back to change the election process in New York state," declared state Senate Majority Leader Joseph Bruno, the mayor's most reliable GOP ally in Albany. "It's too late," Bruno added. (New York Post)

Mayor Rudy Giuliani has told his inner circle that he is interested in a third term. "He hasn't figured out legally how to do this," said an insider. "His feeling is, the people either elect you or don't elect you. How to make that legal is the question." (New York Post)

While Mr. Giuliani is barred from serving another consecutive term under the city's term limits law, he has rebuffed questions about his view of the matter in recent days. He is expected to address the issue directly as early as today, less than 24 hours before voters are to go to the polls in the rescheduled mayoral primary. (New York Times)

For Giuliani to be eligible to serve, either the City Council or the state Legislature would have to pass a bill repealing the term-limit law. City voters approved term limits in two referendums - in 1993 and 1996. (Daily News)

Some of the mayoral candidates invoked the World Trade Center disaster in their campaigns yesterday, asserting they had skills that made them particularly well suited to lead the city through this crisis. They urged New Yorkers to defy the terrorist attack by turning out to vote tomorrow. Michael R. Bloomberg, a Republican making his first run for any public office, said his experience creating and running a private company made him a "mayor for tough times." His Republican opponent, Herman Badillo, noted his long experience as a member of Congress and in City Hall, saying, "This is not the time for on-the-job training."

Peter F. Vallone, the City Council speaker, said in a televised address that he had been, with Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, at the center of efforts over the past 12 days to help the city respond to the bombing. Fernando Ferrer, another Democrat, compared the devastation in Lower Manhattan to what he found in the Bronx when he took over as borough president 14 years ago, suggesting that his years in the Bronx had prepared him for what he might face as mayor.

Alan G. Hevesi, a Democrat, said that his skills as city comptroller made him particularly qualified to lead City Hall through difficult budgetary times. And Mark Green, the fourth major Democrat, noted that one of his central campaign themes before Sept. 11 had been unifying New York; he argued that his theme was particularly crucial now. (New York Times)

Three of the Democratic mayoral candidates began spelling out how they would govern a radically changed New York yesterday, using their first forum since the terrorist attack to propose ideas that would have been unimaginable two weeks ago - from hiring more police officers to creating a public authority to oversee reconstruction of Lower Manhattan.

For 60 minutes, at a forum sponsored by NY1 and The New York Times, the candidates - Fernando Ferrer, Mark Green and Alan G. Hevesi - alternated between offering dark warnings about the city's immediate economic future and assurances that New York would survive this crisis.

All three candidates, speaking in somber if firm tones, took pains to praise the performance of Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani during the crisis, but said that the city would - and should - survive the change in leadership at City Hall that will take place at the end of the year. (NY Times)

Governor George E. Pataki declared yesterday that the primary election on Tuesday would go on as planned, saying, "This is a country of laws" and the attack on the World Trade Center should not be allowed to further disrupt the city's election process.

But the Republican governor volunteered that he would write in the name of Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, who is prohibited by New York's term-limits law from running again, if he were a New York City resident. (NY Times)

The mood remains subdued, the nastier feuding suspended. But five Democrats and two Republicans in Tuesday's primary are trying in a gingerly way to revive support in the reconstituted race for mayor.

In interviews last week, all candidates stated a need to preserve freedoms amid New York's new preoccupation with security. But their emphases differed, as did their strategies.

All the candidates cited the obvious - the need for a long-term rebuilding effort and retaining business -but disagreed over what to do first and where.

The campaign for mayor commenced again yesterday amid concern about whether the Board of Elections could effectively administer the vote on Tuesday, with some of the Democratic mayoral campaigns saying that Gov. George E. Pataki had asked them whether he should postpone the primary again. The candidates were adamant that he should not. (NY Times)

Mark Green proposed the creation of a powerful city-state commission to oversee rebuilding New York. It was the first act that resembled electioneering by any of the mayoral candidates since the terror attack, and Green said he felt "awkward" doing it."It is a unique quandary. You don't want to do anything explicitly political, nor have I," he said. "But at the same time I have a special obligation to say where I think the city could be headed next year in order to rebound, regroup and rebuild. I admit it's a tightrope, and I hope I stay on the tightrope." Green's decision prompted a rebuke by Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg. "Mike doesn't think this is a time for proposals," said Bloomberg spokesman Ed Skyler. "This is the time to support the mayor, the governor and the President while they lead us through this extraordinarily challenging period." (Daily News)

City Council Speaker Peter Vallone is eagerly pursuing Mayor Rudy Giuliani to take part in or lead an advisory commission to guide downtown reconstruction. Under Vallone's plan, the mayor would be able to handpick seven members to serve five-year terms on the commission, which could be granted broad power to rebuild lower Manhattan after the World Trade Center terrorist attacks. (Daily News)

Although all six major mayoral candidates have suspended campaigning, they did give individual interviews to the New York Times about their proposals for handling the crisis caused by the attack on the World Trade Center, a crisis they acknowledged had made many of their previous campaign stands obsolete. They discussed the need for tougher security and agreed that the city could be heading into extremely difficult economic times.

The specific proposals varied. Fernando Ferrer said the city should replace the lost space by dispersing construction throughout the city, while Alan Hevesi suggested not requiring businesses whose offices were destroyed to pay taxes for as long as 10 years. Michael Bloomberg proposed a housing construction program to help keep companies that might otherwise leave New York to stay. The issues that had perviously dominated the campaign were largely ignored. "Clearly, our first priority is to maintain safety and security, and the second is to rebuild our infrastructure. I don't doubt that local goals I had will have to yield in time to these first two goals," Mark Green said.

The candidates have decided not to participate in debates where they might be drawn into discussions or quarrels, but they have agreed to give six back-to-back nine-minute speeches on the challenge facing the city. Those statements will be broadcast on WNBC-TV this Sunday. (New York Times)

Despite the current popularity of Mayor Giuliani, the state government is unlikely to take the steps needed to override term limits so the mayor can remain in office after January. For that to happen, the legislature would have to lift the city term-limits law and postpone the mayoral election. And the bills would have to be rushed through before the primary on Tuesday. Albany insiders said there is virtually no chance this will happen. (NY Daily News)

While three of the major Democratic candidates for mayor have barely been seen since the attack on the World Trade Center, City Council speaker Peter Vallone has been very visible, attending virtually every televised briefing and standing near Mayor Rudolph Giuliani. While his aides say this appropriate for the council speaker, some of his opponents have privately complained about it. (NY Post)

There will be a primary next Tuesday, but with candidates wanting to avoid offending voters in the wake of the attacks on the World Trade Center, they are, at all levels in the election, hamstrung in their quests for political office.Most candidates, including the major mayoral hopefuls, stopped campaigning on Sept. 11, and the Campaign Finance Board ruled last week that participants in the program for city matching funds could not spend any more money in the primary with two exceptions. Candidates are allowed to spend the same amount they would have spent on the original Primary Day, for such things as printing literature and paying workers to distribute it. They can also spend money to replace or repair offices or equipment destroyed or damaged in the disaster. But candidates have been avoiding the usual stumping anyway. While all six major mayoral candidates are participating in a WNBC-TV special that will air on Sunday in which each has nine minutes to make a statement, they are generally staying away from forums that might appear contentious. (New York Times)

Several city council candidates yesterday asked U.S. District Court Judge Raymond Dearie to delay the vote another two weeks, saying the hastily called election will deprive the rights of voters who haven't been properly notified. But Douglas Kellner, the board's Manhattan Democratic commissioner, predicted that the election will run smoothly. Voters will receive notices directing them to poll sites. Those who are displaced or whose sites have been moved will be allowed to cast absentee ballots. The board is relying on newspaper ads and news coverage to notify poll workers. (Newsday)

A New York Post editorial says its time to restart the campaign. The Post writes: Never before - not even in the darkest days of the fiscal crises - has New York been presented with a challenge of the magnitude now before it. This is precisely the time when New York needs continuity of leadership - a steady, tested hand to guide the reins of government and direct the city through this unprecedented emergency. (NY Post)

In one way, the city seemed to edge closer to normal yesterday: Political squabbling emerged for the first time since the disaster, with murmurs that Council Speaker Peter Vallone, a Democratic mayoral candidate, was using the crisis to win votes in the primary now set for next Tuesday. Vallone denied the charge. (Newsday)

Mayor Rudolph Giuliani has been showered with praise for his handling of the World Trade Center disaster. But because of term limits, Giuliani must leave office at the end of the year, and that has some worried about the city's efforts to overcome the devastation. Some people are trying to figure out how to keep him from leaving, some proposing to have the state legislature postpone the mayoral election for one year. This is legally possible but not likely to happen. (NY-1)

The New York mayoral primary, halted in mid-vote after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on Tuesday morning, was rescheduled yesterday for September 25, presenting the candidates with an entirely transformed competition for a job whose demands now seem quite different from when the contest started eight months ago. The change in date, which applies to all primaries across New York, including one for county executive in Nassau County, was approved by the State Legislature during a special session in Albany. A runoff, should one prove necessary if none of the Democratic mayoral candidates win at least 40 percent, would be held on October 11, a Thursday.

The New York City Board of Elections met last night to review what officials described as an avalanche of problems confronting board officials as they move to arrange a new election. Those range from the fact that the company that printed registration sheets was situated in the World Trade Center complex (the board found another printer), to the chance that the Police Department would not have enough officers to provide the required posting at each of city's 1,300 polling sites. In addition, the board's offices, which house its computers and database, are just two blocks from the trade center site, and thus are inaccessible to board members (New York Times)

All six mayoral hopefuls suddenly find themselves in a strange political landscape - unable to campaign for the job they have sought for years, unsure of just what to do next."No one ever wrote a protocol or handbook for what to do when some maniacs bomb your city on Election Day," said David Axelrod, the Chicago-based consultant for Democrat Fernando Ferrer, the Bronx borough president. "It's unfathomable. We are just going to have to feel our way through this." Having agreed among themselves to halt campaign activity, the four Democratic mayoral candidates are focusing on their official duties. The candidates maintain that it would be inappropriate to politick now, and that they have no interest in doing so.This has enabled Peter Vallone, as speaker of the City Council, to be especially visible. (Daily News)

Michael Wolff's column about The Portable Bloomberg: The Wit and Wisdom of Michael Bloomberg -- 32 pages of Bloomberg quips, anecdotes, and aphorisms with occasional illustrations -- dated February 14, 1990, which was compiled in part by Elisabeth DeMarse:
I read from the booklet: "The three biggest lies are: the check's in the mail, I'll respect you in the morning, and I'm glad I'm Jewish." I said: "He actually said that?"
Pause. "Often."
I read another Bloombergism: "If women wanted to be appreciated for their brains, they'd go to the library instead of to Bloomingdale's." And another: "I know for a fact that any self-respecting woman who walks past a construction site [and] doesn't get a whistle will turn around and walk past again and again until she does get one."
"This is Bloomberg culture," she said. "You have to understand, Mike is very uncensored." After a second, she went on: "When Mike says outrageous things, it's sort of a test. It's a loyalty test. It's a bonding thing when everyone laughs. You stop thinking that it might be inappropriate."
"Is all of this a direct quote -- these are his actual words?"
"Yes." (New York Magazine)

The six major candidates running to succeed Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani ranged across the city yesterday in the final burst of politicking before the polls open today. (New York Times)

On Education
Abolish Board of Education. Instate mandatory preschool for 4-year-olds, and testing from first grade.
Abolish Board of Education.
Retain Board of Education but eliminate community school boards. Keep middle schools open until 6 p.m. and on weekends.
Abolish Board of Education. Shift $250 million from replacing jail beds to building schools. Fire bad teachers. Keep schools open 10 to 12 hours a day.
Retain Board of Education but give mayor a majority. Wire all schools for Internet. Reinstate personal income tax surcharge to pay for school reform.
Abolish Board of Education. Dedicate residential property tax revenue to schools. Expand after-school programs.

Improve bus and subway service in Bronx, Brooklyn and Queens.
Build Second Ave. subway line and extend No. 7 line.
Develop transit infrastructure and work on rail freight tunnel and intermodal centers to keep airports competitive.
Build Second Ave. subway. Use funds from sale of World Trade Center for transit programs.
Build Second Ave. subway. Extend No. 7 line to Javits Convention Center. Create one-seat ride to airports. Build rail freight tunnel.
Build Second Ave. subway. Reinstate commuter tax to fund capital projects.

Reduce personal income taxes. Endorse measures to close $8 billion gap between taxes sent to Washington and federal spending in the city.
Oppose any increases. Reform tax structure.
Eliminate sales tax on clothing and essential household items. Fight to restore tax on suburban commuters. Reinstate part of expiring income tax surcharge to pay for after-school programs.
Says it is "irresponsible to talk of tax increases on the brink of a possible recession."
Eliminate city corporation tax, unincorporated business tax and commercial rent tax. Reinstate income tax surcharge, if necessary, to fund education.
Cut taxes to spur development. Tax incentives to business.

Use revenues from World Trade Center lease to finance housing. Create owner-occupied housing with up to 95% low-cost financing available from state mortgage agency and federal lending agencies.
Create 100,000 units. Use $77 million in surplus funds from Battery Park City to fund housing. Modernize zoning laws and reform land-use and environmental rules.
Build 100,000 units of affordable housing over five years with $300 million in city funds and $1 billion in leveraged resources.
Spend $5.6 billion to create 150,000 units in 10 years. Create a housing trust fund with revenue from Battery Park City payments, sale of city-owned property and taxes on property that moves from public to private ownership.
Dedicate Battery Park City revenues and the sale of World Trade Center to help finance 105,000 units over five years.
Use proceeds from sale of World Trade Center for a $10 million-a-year fund to build 220,000 units of low-cost housing

Reactivate John Jay College of Criminal Justice's "underused" training program. Mandate sensitivity training for entire force.
Stress specialized units over community policing. Post stop-and-frisk data on the Internet.
Initiate stricter discipline. Restore community policing. Punish racial profiling.
Stress getting guns off streets. Use overtime savings to pay for officers' tuition. Privatize nonenforcement jobs. Create deputy commissioner for victims.
Impose city residency requirement for new cops. Put more stress on management training. Increase use of video cams and other technology.
Install independent commission to monitor abuses. Give civilians desk jobs. Fix dilapidated stationhouses

Health Care
He favors universal health insurance.
Reduce cost of prescription drugs to senior citizens.
Use city share of tobacco settlement to treat the uninsured and to provide asthma nebulizers to school children. Use $97 million earmarked for jails for health initiatives.
Reduce Health and Hospitals Corp. losses. Win state approval to increase Medicaid reimbursements. Use city funds for teaching hospitals to focus on AIDS, asthma and Alzheimer's disease.
Emphasize prescription drugs for elderly and increased health care for children.
Use city funds to pay premiums of children who do not qualify for Medicaid but are eligible for low-cost insurance. Earmark $260 million to provide drug coverage to seniors. (Daily News)

From the first moments of their candidacies, the six men hoping to succeed Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani have vowed to rehabilitate the New York City public schools. They offer visions of new school buildings, small classes, stimulating after-school programs and well-paid, impeccably trained teachers. Proposals that have stirred debate nationally, like school vouchers, privatization and more testing, have been largely absent from this race. Even charter schools, embraced by Republicans and Democrats elsewhere, have barely been discussed by mayoral candidates of either party. Since so many of the candidates' proposals sound the same in broad brush, the best way to glean differences is to listen carefully to how each discusses them. On teacher pay, for example, Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer unabashedly calls for a 30 percent across-the-board raise. City Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi says that the salary gap between city and suburban schools should be closed, while Mark Green, the public advocate, allows only that the gap should be reduced.

As for mayoral control of the school system, Michael Bloomberg and Peter F. Vallone, the Democratic City Council speaker, would go the furthest, abolishing the Board of Education. Mr. Hevesi would give the mayor control of the board but expand the number of members, a proposal embraced by the teachers' union. Mr. Green's plan lies somewhere in between: he would replace the board with a nonvoting panel of educators appointed by the mayor. The rest of the article summarizes the candidates plans for education, one by one. (New York Times)

Where the six major mayoral candidates stand on police issues (Newsday)

A summary of the six major mayoral candidates' positions on housing:

FERNANDO FERRER: Mr. Ferrer, who often speaks of his youth in a walk-up tenement with sporadic heat, claims the most ambitious plan: building 150,000 homes in a decade for $13 billion, using a $1.3 billion revolving fund. The revenues would include Battery Park City profits and new property taxes from the World Trade Center. Mr. Ferrer, a Democrat, points to his 14-year record as Bronx borough president, in which he helped efforts that built nearly 67,000 dwellings. He has won praise from some tenant and housing leaders and, along with Alan G. Hevesi, has promised numerous changes in the Rent Guidelines Board to help tenants.

MARK GREEN: Mr. Green, the city's public advocate, initially proposed a "summit conference" of experts to plan the building of 50,000 units in five years at an estimated cost of $1 billion. Last week he expanded that goal considerably, to 150,000 units and $5.6 million in city funds, but gave no details. Unlike the other three Democrats, he opposes using World Trade Center taxes for housing and would reserve it instead for transportation. He says he favors the current exemption from rent regulation for households with annual incomes of $175,000 or more and wants stronger tenant protections.

ALAN G. HEVESI: Mr. Hevesi, the city comptroller, said that he would spend $3.8 million in five years for 105,000 new or renovated homes. The Tenants Political Action Committee, which promotes tenant rights, endorsed him, citing his long housing advocacy as a state legislator, his use of city pension funds to finance 11,000 homes, his promises to change the Rent Guidelines Board and his recent role in uniting tenant groups on legislative proposals.

PETER F. VALLONE: Mr. Vallone, the City Council speaker, was the first to propose a fund for housing, an idea that his rivals have copied. His initial plan was to use $100 million in World Trade Center and Battery Park City money to leverage $1 billion and build 20,000 units in five years. But now he says the process could be repeated yearly for a decade to create 200,000 units.

As the council speaker, Mr. Vallone helped enact Mayor Edward I. Koch's $10 billion housing rehabilitation program and more homeless services. Mr. Vallone says he saved rent regulation from abolition by compromising to allow so-called luxury decontrol for vacant apartments renting for $2,000 a month or more and for high-income households.

HERMAN BADILLO: Mr. Badillo, a Republican, was a housing commissioner, deputy mayor and state mortgage agency chairman who promoted Upper West Side and South Bronx renewal and the Nehemiah housing program. He supports using World Trade Center revenue for housing.

He says he would stamp out slums by extending homeownership to families with limited incomes and by building two- and three-family structures. Many experts support the ownership concept, but some critics say low-rise buildings do not yield enough units to solve the housing shortage.

MICHAEL R. BLOOMBERG: Mr. Bloomberg, a Republican, promises to put a deputy mayor and a multiagency "strike force" in charge of housing. At least 100,000 units are needed, he says, but he has not issued a detailed plan. Except for using some Battery Park City money for housing, Mr. Bloomberg objects philosophically to new subsidies. Instead, he said he wants to foster private development by streamlining city regulations and finding new sites in waterfront areas and in cleaned-up former industrial "brownfields," ideas that the other candidates generally support. He also urges businesses and labor to sponsor new housing, as they did decades ago. (New York Times)

To generations of New York mayoral candidates, parks have been like the family puppy - lovable but minor. But there has been an organized effort to make the improvement of the city's 1,704 parks a major issue in this year's mayoral race. Leading the effort is a group called Parks 2001, whose founders include the nonprofit Parks Council. Thanks to its lobbying, all the mayoral candidates but Herman Badillo have agreed that if elected, they would work to increase the parks' share of city coffers. And all the candidates have supported the idea of returning the $60,000 generated annually by concession stands in the parks to the Parks Department. The money now goes into the general fund. (New York Times)

All of the major candidates agree that city traffic is gridlocked and mass transit is overburdened. They agree on the big solutions: building a Second Avenue subway to increase the system's capacity, connecting the Long Island Rail Road with Grand Central Terminal, and building a rail freight tunnel under New York Harbor to cut down on truck traffic.

After years of languishing on the back burner, transportation has played a significant role in this year's mayoral race. Five of the major candidates -- all except Republican Herman Badillo -- released transportation plans and often speak about the issue at mayoral forums.

The candidates have tried to distinguish themselves with ideas for day-to-day transportation improvements.

Media mogul Michael Bloomberg wants to create dedicated express bus lanes on First and Second avenues -- Manhattan's most congested streets -- which would help relieve crowding on the Lexington Avenue subway lines. He also wants to create pedestrian-only zones at some major intersections, install more red light cameras and crack down on speeders.

City Council Speaker Peter Vallone proposes reopening some LIRR and Metro-North stations and expanding service on these commuter rail lines within the city. He also wants to provide a one-seat train ride from Staten Island to Manhattan by extending the Staten Island Railway (which operates only in that borough) through New Jersey and into Penn Station.

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer wants to convert the city's bus fleets to clean fuels, study light-rail transit possibilities, expand greenways and bicycle paths and improve commuter hubs outside Manhattan, such as the Fordham Plaza area in the Bronx.

Comptroller Alan Hevesi has done a study documenting the city's capital-project needs and highlighting transit improvements. He calls for extending the No. 7 line to the Javits Center and for starting new ferry service around the city as a way to cut congestion. While he supports the three mega-projects, Hevesi cautions that they might have to take a backseat to other priorities such as school construction.

The only candidate who has proposed a funding source for the freight tunnel and Second Avenue subway is Public Advocate Mark Green, who suggested using new tax revenues from the Port Authority's 99-year lease of the World Trade Center to a private company. Green wants cheaper LIRR fares within the city, exclusive bus lanes on most Manhattan avenues, more traffic-calming changes on dangerous thoroughfares such as Queens Boulevard, and a regional fare pass that riders could use on both city and suburban transit systems. He also wants to expand a pilot program that charges commercial vehicles an increasing hourly rate to park in a five-block area of midtown Manhattan. (Newsday)

Three public polls this week have showed Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer jockeying for first place, with Alan Hevesi and Peter Vallone trailing. The polls were based on relatively small samples, and turnout in New York primaries in general - and this one in particular - makes it difficult to predict the outcome. Accordingly, aides to Mr. Vallone and Mr. Hevesi complained that the polls had influenced the coverage of the race, with disproportionate attention being paid to Mr. Green and Mr. Ferrer. (New York Times)

The results of Tuesday's primary hinge on which candidate is most effective in getting his supporters to the polls for an election that usually draws only about a fifth of registered voters. Get-out-the-vote armies have been dispatched in full force this weekend. The Green campaign, with more than 2,500 foot-soldiers supplied mostly by janitor and garment-worker unions and by Acorn, the community group, are knocking on 150,000 doors. Mr. Ferrer has dispatched flatbed trucks blaring his get-out-the-vote message into neighborhoods from Sunset Park to Woodside and all over the Bronx. Automated calls, bearing the Rev. Al Sharpton's recorded voice, have been piped into select homes, and Ed Koch is doing the very same for Mr. Vallone, urging voters not to sit it out on Primary Day. The subtext is that the last time white ethnics stayed home, in 1989, Mr. Koch lost the Democratic race to Mr. Dinkins. Meanwhile, Randi Weingarten, president of the 80,000- member teachers union , has saturated answering machines with her plug for Mr. Hevesi. And police officers have been on the horn for Mr. Vallone, while his campaign workers have fanned out to senior centers, arms stuffed with absentee ballot applications. The turnout war will test the effectiveness of much of the city's political establishment: the vaunted turnout machinery of the health care workers union, the mobilizing capacity of Mr. Sharpton (the union and the reverend are both behind Mr. Ferrer), the drawing power of former Mayor Dinkins, and the Brooklyn and Queens machines backing Mr. Hevesi. Someone will win the turnout war. (New York Times)

A University of Wisconsin research institute has carefully counted all the TV ads bought by the four Democrats and GOP candidate Michael Bloomberg. Through last Wednesday, they found that Bloomberg had run 3,383 spots and spent $12.8 million; Hevesi put out 1,826 ads at a cost of $3.8 million; Vallone broadcast 976 spots with a $2.65 million price tag; Green ran 765 ads for $2.1 million; Ferrer broadcast 748 ads and spent $1.7 million. (NY Post)

The mayoral campaign of City Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi got good news yesterday when Robert M. Morgenthau, the Manhattan district attorney, said his office had found "no credible evidence to support the allegation" that Mr. Hevesi accepted a bribe in 1997. But the campaign was dealt a setback - a financial one - when the Campaign Finance Board disallowed nearly $300,000 in expenses that the campaign had claimed should be exempted from the city's strict spending limits. (New York Times)

Herman Badillo suffered a devastating blow in his bid to become mayor of New York yesterday when the Campaign Finance Board refused to release to him $1 million in city matching money. After an hour long deliberation, the board concluded that Mr. Badillo, a Republican, had not yet raised enough money on his own - a hurdle mandated by law that is meant to show a candidate has substantial support in the city he hopes to govern - to receive money from the city. (New York Times)

The Republican mayoral candidate said he would go to court to try to get his money.The decision also forced Badillo, just days before Tuesday's primary, to beg friends for loans. He'd planned a $450,000 TV blitz this weekend to coax voters away from billionaire opponent Michael Bloomberg. (Daily News)

"It has turned out to be a very rigid and bureaucratic organization," Badillo said of the Campaign Finance Board to Gotham Gazette. "They are worse than the Internal Revenue Service." (Gotham Gazette)

Last year, when Michael R. Bloomberg was consulting political advisers and gearing up for a bid for mayor, his charitable giving doubled from the year before. Compared with three years earlier, the increase was nearly fourfold, growing to $100.5 million from $26.6 million. In dispensing the enlarged bankroll last year, Mr. Bloomberg added nearly 200 new organizations, including 79 in New York City that covered a broad spectrum of causes he had not supported during the previous three years, according to four years of partial tax returns.His opponent in the Republican primary, Herman Badillo, makes the argument that Mr. Bloomberg was looking to buy the good will of New Yorkers - or perhaps exaggerate the scope and breadth of his generosity - as a backdrop to his mayoral bid. (New York Times)

They may disagree on who should run the city, but the four Democratic mayoral candidates and Republican Michael Bloomberg got together Friday to attack Gov. George Pataki for fighting a landmark court ruling that seeks to help city public school students. (Newsday)

Daniel Patrick Moynihan won't hit the streets with Fernando Ferrer before Tuesday's primary, but the popular former senator taped a TV ad for the Democratic hopeful, an aide said yesterday. (New York Post)

Mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg lobs insults at everyone from gays and women to Jews - and even the borough of Queens - in a booklet of "wit and wisdom" compiled by his employees. The 32-page pamphlet of sayings was obtained by New York magazine's Michael Wolff and will be published in the magazine's next edition. (New York Post)

With two of his rival candidates for mayor now labeled the front-runners, Peter Vallone tried to snatch back the spotlight by touring senior centers in Queens with crooner Tony Bennett, pounded rival Fernando Ferrer's strategy and launched a punchy TV ad that pokes his Democratic opponents in Tuesday's primary.The City Council speaker capped the day by standing with teachers union boss Randi Weingarten to demand that Schools Chancellor Harold Levy rescind budget cuts. Their appearance raised eyebrows because Weingarten endorsed Alan Hevesi, who is also behind in the polls. (Daily News)

With the opening day of school coming just five days before a mayoral primary in which everyone seems to want to become the education mayor, candidates took to the schools yesterday in search of votes, trumpeting their education plans and their school-related alliances. Alan G. Hevesi, the city comptroller, went to P.S. 321 in Park Slope, Brooklyn, bright and early to stump with one of his most important supporters: Randi Weingarten, the president of the United Federation of Teachers, which gave him its crucial endorsement last month.By midafternoon, though, Ms. Weingarten was heaping praise upon one of Mr. Hevesi's rivals, Peter F. Vallone, the City Council speaker, for his pledge to increase the Board of Education's budget before the year is out. Mark Green, the public advocate, was endorsed by the Council of Supervisors and Administrators, the union representing principals and other administrators. Fernando Ferrer, the Bronx borough president, released a plan to combat sexual abuse in the public schools. (New York Times)

Newsday has endorsed Comptroller Alan Hevesi for mayor.

In its editorial, the paper says it pities the next mayor for having to follow Rudy Giuliani, continuing his successes while correcting problems the incumbent has left unsolved. Hevesi, the paper says, is best equipped to do this.

"He is tough, he is intelligent, and he has a breadth of experience the other candidates lack. Public Advocate Mark Green has been a fine fighter for consumers. City Council Speaker Peter Vallone has worked tirelessly to improve the image of that body. Borough President Fernando Ferrer has helped bring new housing to the Bronx. But Hevesi -- the city's comptroller for the past eight years -- has been involved in more formidable issues."

On the Republican side, Newsday finds the choice "painful." But despite the paper's "respect" for Herman Badillo, it endorses Michael Bloomberg who it called a quick study. "He demonstrates freshness, energy and a healthy respect for the challenge of running the toughest city in America. He could be a wily innovator in City Hall -- something New York City still desperately needs."

As he enjoys a sharp rise in the opinion polls, Fernando Ferrer is trying to broaden his support beyond the black-Latino coalition that has been the base of his mayoral campaign so far. He has pulled an ad that touted his efforts to help the "other New York" and is seeking help from former Senator Daniel Moynihan, who has endorsed his candidacy. (Daily News)

With the campaign in its final days, Fernando Ferrer faces a quandary. His advisers assert that the key to his victory in a crowded field is his success at rallying black and Latino voters, along with white liberals. But if he is perceived as running a campaign driven by ethnic appeals 1"2 suggested by some of his recent television and radio advertisements, as well as his decision to campaign with the Rev. Al Sharpton 1"2 he risks pushing away those white voters who could be integral to a victory. (New York Times)

Fernando Ferrer's rise in the polls played a major role in his winning the endorsement of Local 1199, which represents many New York health care workers, according to union president Dennis Rivera. In an interview, Rivera said Ferrer was long his first choice, but he hesitated to push the union's executive council to endorse him in part because many 1199 officials did not think the Bronx borough president had a chance. The latest poll numbers apparently changed that. (New York Times)

The New York Observer seems to accept it virtually as a given that Mark Green will be the next mayor of New York. In an editorial, the weekly hails his "journey from forever-young agitator to middle-aged respectability," but goes on to question who the Mark Green of today really is and whether he recognizes that the policies of the past have been discredited. The paper says, "If he remains, in his heart of hearts, the Nader's Raider of his youth. . .then he will be a disaster as mayor." However, if "he can challenge politics-as-usual" and make a few bold moves this month, such as pledging to appoint former Police Commissioner William Bratton to a post in his administration and to keep Harold Levy as schools chancellor, then "that Mark Green, smart, wise and still capable of breaking the rules, would make one heck of a mayor."

Michael Bloomberg's campaign may file a complaint with the Campaign Finance Board accusing Republican rival Herman Badillo of inaccurately reporting campaign expenses. (Daily News)

With no black candidate for mayor this year, the African American community is divided among the Democratic contenders, all of whom are scrambling for this vote and discovering that, this year at least, it's not a solid bloc. (Village Voice)

The Staten Island Advance endorses Peter Vallone for mayor in the Democratic primary and Michael Bloomberg in the Republican. In its editorial, the daily paper dismisses the "jaded, cynical" view that the four Democratic contenders are virtually indistinguishable from one another and goes on to say that Vallone "stands above his opponents in the Democratic primary, both in terms of his ability to manage this large and complex city in the trying years ahead and in terms of his extraordinary talent for meeting challenges on a borough-to-borough, community-to-community basis." The paper also argues that the Queens resident would be more likely to appreciate the concerns of Staten Islanders than a Manhattanite would. (Staten Island Advance)

On the Republican side, the Advance says that while it respects Herman Badillo, "We just think that it's time for a top city executive who will not rely on the tried and true methods of the past and bring a new 'outside-the-box' thinking and dynamism to the office in the challenging years ahead. Mr. Bloomberg is that candidate." The editorial praises Bloomberg for getting a good grasp on city issues in a comparatively short period of time and for developing innovative, yet practical solutions to problems facing New York. (Staten Island Advance)

A new poll rocked the mayoral race yesterday by showing Fernando Ferrer vaulting into a statistical tie with Mark Green for the Democratic nomination. The small sample of 303 voters and margin of error of plus or minus 5.6 percentage points raised doubts about the poll's accuracy. But the findings reflected a trend showing Green's lead slipping. (Daily News)

New York's Health and Human Service Union 1199/S.E.I.U. has endorsed Fernando Ferrer's bid for mayor, giving him a potentially major boost in the waning days of the primary race. (NY Times)

The Police Benevolent Association endorsement gave Vallone the unanimous backing of the unions representing the various ranks of the NYPD. He also has the backing of the correction officers' union. (Daily News)

Retired Police Commissioner Bill Bratton and Fernando Ferrer battle over stop-and-frisks. (NY Post)

When four Democrats run a peace-pact primary, it means reporters have to do the work themselves, inspecting the records and assertions of the candidates. Instead, the coverage has been as bland as they have. (Village Voice)

It is hard to imagine how the labor movement could be more divided than it is in the city's Democratic mayoral primary. City Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi has the backing of the mighty teachers' union, while Public Advocate Mark Green has the support of the largest apparel workers' union, a 70,000-member janitors' union and the United Auto Workers. Council Speaker Peter F. Vallone has endorsements from the Patrolmen's Benevolent Association, the corrections officers and District Council 37, the 125,000-member union of municipal employees. But the largest union local within District Council 37, representing 25,000 cafeteria workers and crossing guards, has defied its parent union and endorsed Fernando Ferrer, the Bronx borough president. The city's largest union, District 1199, the National Health and Human Service Employees Union, has remained neutral (NY Times)

Fernando Ferrer sought to turn former Police Commissioner William J. Bratton's endorsement of Mark Green against him yesterday, demanding that Mr. Green explain why the police commissioner had supported policies that many black leaders have criticized as harmful to minority neighborhoods. (NY Times)

Peter Vallone's criticisms of Mayor Rudy Giuliani are rare, and gentle. By most accounts, Mr. Vallone is closer to Mr. Giuliani's brand of conservative politics than he was to Mr. Dinkins's. Nonetheless, as speaker of the City Council, Mr. Vallone has overriden roughly two dozen mayoral vetoes in the Giuliani years, considerably more than during either the Dinkins or Koch administrations. (NY Times)

The Democratic mayoral contest has serious implications for key state politicians who are backing different candidates in the race for City Hall. Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver is leaning towards Alan Hevesi, Denny Farrell has endorsed Mark Green, State Comptroller Carl McCall has endorsed Fernando Ferrer. (NY Post)

The platforms of the six major Democratic and Republican candidates for mayor are filled with planks that would require action by the Legislature and the governor: mayoral control of the schools; tax increases or decreases; changes in the handling of police misconduct; and more money for schools, housing, transit and parks.There is a broad consensus here among lawmakers, aides and lobbyists that of all the contenders, City Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi would be best equipped to deal with the Capitol. He spent 22 years as an assemblyman from Queens, knows and gets along with the powerful here and understands Albany's often maddeningly arcane ways. (NY Times)

With little political backing and even less money, Herman Badillo has tried to beat the odds to become the Republican nominee in a campaign that has pitted him against one of the richest men in the United States, Michael R. Bloomberg, the media entrepreneur. Few of Mr. Badillo's old political allies have come to his aid. Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, for whom Mr. Badillo has campaigned on many occasions, has been cautiously supportive of Mr. Bloomberg. Gov. George E. Pataki's top aides had pointedly asked Mr. Badillo early on to stay out of the race. Mr. Badillo has ignored the slights and the advice of Mr. Pataki's aides and has persevered. Indeed, barely a week before the primary, Mr. Badillo's campaign seems to have gathered some steam. Last week, in the busiest week of his campaign so far, he started running print advertisements that challenged Mr. Bloomberg's copious campaign spending and bona fides as a Republican with the slogan, "He has commercials, I have credentials." Mr. Badillo also filed and won a lawsuit against the Campaign Finance Board to force the board to consider $20,000 toward the total he needs to qualify for matching city money. (NY Times)

Peter F. Vallone has won the endorsement of the 26,000-member New York Patrolmen's Benevolent Association in his race for mayor. (NY Times)

LGNY, the newspaper for gay and lesbian New Yorkers, endorses Fernando Ferrer for mayor. (LGNY)

During most of the Republican primary campaign for mayor, Michael R. Bloomberg has treated his opponent, Herman Badillo, as a nuisance who is best left ignored. Mr. Badillo has kept a limited public schedule, has had trouble in raising money and has rarely stolen the spotlight from his big- name rival. But as the two men meet this morning for their first face-to-face debate, there are indications that the dynamic is changing. The debate, one of only two featuring the Republicans, will be broadcast live at 10 a.m. on WNYC-AM 820.In recent days, Mr. Badillo has stepped up his attacks on Mr. Bloomberg, raising a host of inflammatory issues that have so irritated the Bloomberg campaign - and shaken its confidence, Mr. Badillo's advisers suggest - that Mr. Bloomberg struck back yesterday with unusual vehemence.In objections that were to be filed with the Board of Elections, Mr. Bloomberg's campaign moved to disqualify an effort by Mr. Badillo to register a new political party for the November ballot. In doing so, a top Bloomberg strategist accused the Badillo campaign of fraud in collecting qualifying signatures for the party. (NY Times)

Herman Badillo is 72 now, a vision of elections past. His candidacy is his sixth for mayor since 1969. He twice came tantalizingly close to winning. He made history as the city's first Puerto Rican commissioner (of the Department of Housing Relocation in 1962) and borough president (elected in 1965), and the nation's first Puerto Rican congressman (1970). He enjoyed a resurrection when his lonely crusade to restore standards at the City University of New York gained currency in the 1990s, and Gov. Pataki named him CUNY's chairman. But the big office in City Hall is the goal he's nurtured for more than 30 years, friends and family say. (Daily News)

The New York Times endorses Mark Green in the Democratic primary for mayor, writing in part: "In the Democratic primary, Mark Green has shown the most evidence that he is evolving into a man who could be a successful mayor.During his long career in politics, Mr. Green has demonstrated some, but not all, of the qualities New York City needs in its chief executive. He has always had political courage, and he does not buckle under fire. He was unafraid to take on Senator Alfonse D'Amato when other Democrats quailed at an unwinnable race. In his role as consumer affairs commissioner and later as public advocate, Mr. Green took on the tobacco industry, long before it was a safe target. He also, of course, battled frequently with Mr. Giuliani, spending years as the mayor's least-favorite Democrat until Mr. Hevesi took over the title a few weeks ago. Mr. Green's opponents have argued that he does not have enough executive experience. But running New York City is a job so big that there may be no adequate training... We wondered if he had the political finesse to reach a goal through negotiation rather than by calling a press conference. But as a candidate for mayor he has been extremely deft.His statistics on number-of-churches-visited and number-of-neighborhoods-toured sometimes seem like overkill, but they do assure us that Mr. Green would be a mayor who would go anywhere and talk to anyone." (NY Times)

The Daily News endorses Michael Bloomberg for the Republican primary for mayor: "Bloomberg's opponent, Herman Badillo, is one of our city's most venerable public figures. An American success story himself, Badillo was instrumental in reforming the City University system. And for that, the city is forever in his debt. But after numerous mayoral runs, he has been unable to spark any meaningful interest in his campaign this year. Bloomberg, meanwhile, has proven himself to be the right kind of Republican for New York: pro-choice, pro-gun control, pro-gay rights. And he's right on the issues: law enforcement, the budget, the economy and education."(Daily News)


In the first debate between the two Republican mayoral candidates, Michael Bloomberg asked Herman Badillo to accept a job in a Bloomberg administration. Mr. Badillo, who said he was overqualified for a job like that, spent much of the debate portraying Mr. Bloomberg, 59, as unfit for the city's highest office because he has no experience in governing. Whenever possible, Mr. Badillo, 72, injected his own resume into the discussion, relating experiences from his nearly 40 years in government and ticking off his previous job titles, from Bronx borough president to congressman. Mr. Bloomberg said that his success in private business gives him managerial skills that are particularly relevant as the city enters a period of economic change. (NY Times)

The Republican Michael R. Bloomberg has passed the $20 million mark in his bid for City Hall, continuing to spend more than all of the other mayoral candidates even as the four Democrats vying for their own party's nomination have accelerated their spending in recent weeks on television advertising, reports filed yesterday show.(NY Times)

Alan Hevesi, locked this year in a close mayoral race, is facing questions once again about his relationships with campaign contributors. He has been put on the defensive not by his rivals for the Democratic nomination, but by the man he hopes to succeed, Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, the onetime corruption busting federal prosecutor. For more than a week, the mayor had criticized Mr. Hevesi almost daily about how he arranged a meeting between a major contributor and a city vendor in 1997. Mr. Giuliani has revived a few allegations that Mr. Hevesi, as city comptroller, sought to invest city pensions in funds run by his contributors, questioned the way Mr. Hevesi awarded bond business, and added his voice to those who accused him of trying to skirt the city's campaign finance rules. Most of Mr. Hevesi's rivals for mayor have taken pains to defend his integrity, and he has never been formally charged with even minor wrongdoing in all his years of public service. With the Sept. 11 primary nearing, Mr. Hevesi defended himself against the allegations point by point during an interview this week even as he conceded that he could have done some things differently. (NY Times)

Three of the four leading Democratic candidates for mayor oppose handing George Steinbrenner hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars to demolish Yankee Stadium and build a replacement - raising the stakes for Mayor Giuliani to close a deal with the team before he leaves office. The fourth, Alan Hevesi, , said Yankee Stadium should remain in the Bronx but steered around specific questions about financing for new stadiums. Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg did not respond. (Daily News)

An analysis of Hevesi's last-minute change in strategy, turning from caution to strident attacks both on Mayor Rudy Giuliani and on the New York Post. (NY Times)

As he crisscrosses the city seeking the Democratic party's nomination for mayor, Fernando Ferrer is proudly carrying the hopes of his party's oldest and most orthodox wing. In stump speeches and neighborhood tours, Mr. Ferrer, 51, often seems like a candidate from another era, the old-style populist coaxing votes from the city's precincts with promises of government largess. "Pay them like professionals!" Mr. Ferrer exclaimed at a church in Queens, pushing his 30 percent pay raise for the city's teachers. "The most ambitious housing plan this city has ever seen!" he said, promising 150,000 new homes at this mayoral forum. "After-school programs at 200 middle schools!" he added. "Hallelujah," someone called from in the pews, and the others whooped and clapped. (NY Times)

The Rev. Al Sharpton finally endorsed Fernando Ferrer for mayor yesterday, and campaigned with him in all five boroughs. (Daily News)

City Comptroller Alan Hevesi accused City Hall yesterday of a coverup involving welfare contracts while Mayor Giuliani dubbed Hevesi the "ethically challenged candidate" in the race to succeed him. Hevesi released a Department of Investigation memo, dated December 2000, revealing that city Human Resources Administration Commissioner Jason Turner worked for several months in 1997 as a consultant for Opportunity America, a joint venture with the State University of New York that bid on a city welfare-to-work contract. The company was headed by Richard Schwartz, a former Giuliani senior adviser who is now editor of the Daily News editorial page. The Daily News just endorsed Hevesi's rival, Peter Vallone. (Daily News) (NY Times)

Michael R. Bloomberg called yesterday for measures to make the police more accountable to the public, saying that racial data on stop- and-frisks should be posted on the Internet and that the Civilian Complaint Review Board should report to the mayor rather than to the police commissioner. (NY Times)

Every election year, there are candidates outside the mainstream political parties who manage to wangle their way onto the ballot. But this year, in one of the most crowded primaries in 30 years, the race for City Hall boasts the most candidates, seven, on alternative party lines ever. Many of these candidates share similar ideas and platforms with the six men seeking office on the Democratic and Republican lines. They all contend that the city needs a strong housing plan, that the Board of Education should be abolished and that crime reduction should stay a municipal priority. Among the candidates are: Christopher Brodeur and Julia Willebrand running against each other on the Green Party; Terry Gray (Conservative); Kenny Kramer (Libertarian); Bernard Goetz, who is best known for his shooting of four black men on the subway whom he claimed were menacing him in 1984. On his campaign Web site, he refers to himself as "well known on crime issues." [This article also features George Spitz, who has run unsuccessfully for office eight times in 33 years, even though he is running on the Democratic line, not "an alternative party line."] (NY Times)

This year's mayoral campaign is the first in more than a quarter of a century that doesn't include the incumbent, and just about everybody else who could plausibly enter the race has. The four candidates for the Democratic nomination-Mark Green, Alan Hevesi, Peter Vallone, and Fernando Ferrer-all occupy prominent city posts, and any one of them would be a logical, if not exactly compelling, choice. Together, they have nearly a hundred years of experience in local government. Bloomberg's justification for jumping into the race is that this sort of experience is exactly what no one needs. "Going back to politics as usual in New York City is crazy," he declared in his inaugural ad. Whatever force there is to Bloomberg's argument comes mostly from the number of times it has been-and will be-reiterated. He did not declare his candidacy till June, yet managed in his first two months in the race to buy nearly twice as much advertising as all his rivals combined. Already, he has waged the most expensive primary campaign in the city's history, and he will probably break the record for the general election as well. (The New Yorker)

Crain's NY Business endorses Peter Vallone for mayor. "On the issues, Mr. Vallone is clearly superior to the other candidates. He is the political and legislative architect of the Safe Streets program, which laid the groundwork for the assault on crime. He has presided over fiscally responsible budgets. Alone among the candidates, he tells the unpopular truth that high taxes hurt the New York economy. He has pushed sensible economic development efforts to retain companies and encourage new industries. He strongly favors mayoral control of education. His 12-year tenure as speaker of the council has demonstrated his ability to lead and to promote unpopular policies." (Crain's NY Business)

Mayor Rudy Guliani attacked Alan Hevesi for the fourth time in five days, again questioning his integrity. Alan Hevesi, in a potentially risky strategy, escalated his response: "It is obvious that the mayor is intruding himself as a lame-duck Republican into the Democratic primary," Mr. Hevesi said. "He wishes to stop me from being elected mayor; he knows that I will expose the damage he has done for the next mayor, particularly on the budget. He knows that I will be a strong mayor and very difficult to beat four years from now, and he knows what he is saying is a series of pathetic lies. The mayor has a history of lying. He is lying now." (NY Times)

While some polls show Fernando Ferrer - not his Democratic opponents Alan Hevesi or Peter Vallone - winning the coveted run-off spot against Mark Green in the Democratic primary, some political observers say Ferrer's game plan for the primary could spell trouble in a faceoff against Green, the city's Public Advocate. Ferrer is trying to forge a victory from a coalition of Hispanic and Black voters - to the apparent exclusion of white, liberal voters who have long been the bedrock of the city's Democratic majority. "The very strategy that makes him popular among his core constituents in the Bronx cuts him off from the rest of the city," said Fred Siegel, a history professor at Cooper Union. "Freddy needs to go to Brooklyn and Queens and talk to middle class white voters who don't see why Freddy is going to be good for them."In fact he is a guy who has the character and intelligence and rhetoric to be appealing to them," added Siegel. "His strategy is making a lot of people scratch their heads." (Daily News)

The Daily News endorses Peter Vallone in the Democratic primary for mayor. "Vallone is the candidate who will best be able to advance the interests of New York City, especially as we enter a period of economic uncertainty. There's no question he can do it. He already has.As speaker of the City Council, he has worked in close partnership with Mayors Ed Koch, David Dinkins and Rudy Giuliani to run the city. And 8 million New Yorkers are the better for it. Vallone was the guiding force behind the Safe Streets, Safe City program to expand the Police Department and dramatically improve public safety. Citywide, crime is down an astonishing 63%.At the same time, he led the Council in the passage of sensible budgets that cut taxes and kept spending well under control." (Daily News)

Alan Hevesi urges the city to release $120 million to the Board of Education. (NY Times)

When City Council Peter Vallone and Mayor Rudy Giuliani locked up the city's budget in June, they said they would free up $120 million to the Board of Education only when Schools Chancellor Harold Levy made serious slashes in the central board's spending and directed more money to classrooms. Alan Hevesi insisted Levy's recent decision to slash $100 million worth of the board's bureaucracy means he held up his end, and that it's time to hand over the money. "This issue is in the lap of Speaker Vallone and the mayor," Hevesi charged. "All the mayor is trying to do is deflect attention on this issue because he has no public-school reform plan aside from giving money to private schools." (NY Post)

An analysis of the campaign for mayor, which promises to heat up in the last two weeks before the September 11 primary, when the Democratic candidates for mayor will offer a hurricane of television advertisements, some of them negative. The past three months, while desultory, have shown some twists in the race: "Alan Hevesi - whom many Democrats had viewed as the sleeper candidate, given his r˜sum˜, fund-raising skills and alliance with the political consultant Hank Morris - felt compelled to offer deferential remarks about his political difficulties less than three weeks before the primary. Similarly, it would have been difficult to anticipate that Fernando Ferrer - who in 1997 ran for mayor as a moderate Democrat, supporting the death penalty and advocating the fingerprinting of welfare recipients - would remake himself as the candidate of the left, attaching his candidacy to the Rev. Al Sharpton, who is to formally endorse him and begin campaigning with him tomorrow. Or that Mark Green, who in the course of nine previous campaigns has never shied away from the punch or the provocative stand, would this time seek to coast to victory by taking few chances and throwing few elbows, building a campaign based on endorsements and a succession of mostly unremarkable position papers. Or that Peter F. Vallone, the City Council speaker and the most conservative Democrat in the field, would be calling for what even Mr. Green described as liberal-sounding government spending programs. If there is anything approaching a consensus among Democrats following the race, it is that Mr. Green is likely, though not certain, to emerge as one of two Democrats in a September 25 runoff, which is required if no candidate gets over 40 percent of the vote. (NY Times)

Michael Bloomberg, the self-made billionaire media mogul, prides himself on being approachable. In the sleek Park Avenue headquarters of his corporate empire, he used to sit at a small wooden desk out in the open, where workers could find him. Now that he is seeking the Republican nomination for mayor, supporters say his accessible style, along with his competitiveness and willingness to take risks, would serve him well as mayor. When it comes to managing the city's 216,000 workers, Bloomberg is betting that it won't be a big leap from having managed 7,800 employees worldwide. The necessary skills -- management, leadership, listening and accountability -- are the same, he argues. "The biggest job the next mayor has is to lead the quarter of a million people," Bloomberg, 59, said in an interview last week in his midtown campaign headquarters. The latest in the series on the current jobs of the mayoral candidates. (Newsday)

All six major mayoral candidates have been courting Asian-American New Yorkers, who are themselves paying more attention to this year's elections than they have in the past. Nearly 1 in 10 New Yorkers are of Asian ancestry, making New York City home to the largest number of Asian-Americans in the country. Yet no Asian-American has ever held elected office in the city, though this year's City Council election is likely to change that. Asian-American community leaders hope their newfound political appeal will result in more attention to their issues: access to government services for people who do not speak English; money for Asian-American community organizations; expansion of affordable housing; and classes in English as a second language. (NY Times)

In his third consecutive day of bristling assaults on mayoral candidate and comptroller Alan Hevesi over his ethics, Mayor Rudy Giuliani charged "the comptroller involves himself directly in" the process of selecting the firms that arrange the city's multi-billion-dollar bond sales, "and he shouldn't." A Hevesi spokeswoman called the accusation "another lie." (NY Post) Both candidates for comptroller, Herb Berman and Bill Thompson, are longtime political insiders with a head for figures. Each uses the word "utilize" a lot. And each agrees with the other on almost every issue. To the extent that the candidates disagree on anything, it is on the outlook for the city's economy and budget. Mr. Thompson takes the gloomier view But the lack of drama does not mean that the comptroller's race is unimportant, especially now that the city's economy is beginning to skid and tax revenues look likely to shrink. The comptroller will have to be the bearer of any bad economic news to the new mayor, the new City Council and the public - as well as paying the bills, borrowing the money and checking out the contracts signed by the city. (NY Times)

Responding to public complaints, a nonprofit group that posted New York City voter registration records on a Web site blocked a feature yesterday that allowed people to retrieve voters' home addresses and party affiliations. (NY Times)

The four Democratic mayoral candidates held their first televised debate last night. The post-debate evaluation depends largely on which newspaper headlines one reads. The New York Times called it a "Harmonious Gathering, With A Touch of Discord" and said that the candidates "Struggled to Define Themselves." The Daily News called it a "Vallone-Hevesi Slugfest" and the Post declared "Hevesi and Vallone Duke It Out." Newsday focused on the countdown with the headline "20 Days Until the Primary." And various columnists called different candidates and even Giuliani the "winner." Read a short excerpted transcript of the debate from the New York Times

Reverend Al Sharpton will endorse Fernando Ferrer for mayor, the Voice reports. (Village Voice)

Fernando Ferrer yesterday vowed to give city workers time off to meet with their kids' teachers, saying it would encourage more parents to take an active role in education. (NY Post)

A former top staffer to Public Advocate Mark Green ran a political consulting firm while working full time for Green's office and used city phones to make hundreds of dollars worth of private calls. Scott Levenson worked as president and sole shareholder of The Advance Group, a private firm he owns, while serving as Green's $95,000-a-year chief of operations from 1994 to 1999. Levenson replies that he reimbursed the city for phone calls, that he worked far more than the required 35 hours for Green, and he obtained clearance from the city's Conflicts of Interest Board to hold both jobs. (Daily News)

Of the $8.3 million that the Democratic candidates have raised collectively in the borough of Manhattan (far more than in the other boroughs), Mark Green has raised the most, $3 million, while Fernando Ferrer lags behind his opponents, with $1.25 million. The result is that he is far behind Mr. Green in fund-raising, even though Mr. Ferrer has raised more money in Queens, Staten Island and the Bronx. (NY Times)

In recent weeks, the candidates for mayor have turned their attention slightly, from public safety and education toward health care. While their proposals and ideas differ around the edges, they have homed in on the two issues they seem to believe command attention: the city's 1.7 million uninsured residents, and its troubled public hospitals.But in so narrowly focusing their interests and proposals, most of the candidates have overlooked or misinterpreted other key health care questions in the city, such as where people are to get care once they are placed in a health care plan. Further, many of the candidates' proposals depend on state or federal acquiescence. (NY Times)

The Rev. James A. Forbes Jr., senior minister of the Riverside Church and one of the most prominent clerical voices for leftist causes, has endorsed Fernando Ferrer for mayor of New York. (NY Times) In this most crowded of primary seasons, no major race is shaping up to be more crowded than that for public advocate, a position that has existed for less than a decade. But even though so many candidates are aspiring to an office that sometimes looks as if it involves little more than needling the mayor, few New Yorkers seem to know or care who any of the contenders are. (NY Times)

With three weeks to go until the mayoral primary, there are signs of anxiety as voters begin to consider the imminent departure of a mayor whose interest seemed so closely tied to middle-class neighborhoods like those in the 66th Assembly district (including the Village, Soho, Tribeca, Battery Park City), whose residents voted overwhelmingly against Giuliani in his first race for mayor, and for him in his second. It was a Democratic district settling in behind a Republican mayor, in one sign of how politics in New York were changed. "I am worried about the future," said Steven Man, 55, an optometrist who is a registered Democrat. "I don't know what will happen from here. It could go back to the way it was. I'm really not sure, and that troubles me." (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg claims in his autobiography and in his campaign literature that he "volunteered" for military duty in Vietnam but was rejected for having flat feet. But a review of Selective Service documents and interviews with former draft officials casts serious doubt on Bloomberg's story. (Daily News)

Mark Green released his second TV ad, about crime, with former police commissioner William Bratton. "I'll target juvenile crime ... stop the flood of illegal guns from coming into our city ... and do even more to help the victims of crime - especially senior citizens." (Daily News)

Alan Hevesi has dwelled for nearly eight years in the engine room of municipal power, a world of billion-dollar bond floats, huge procurements and major pension funds. City Hall players -- including unions, mayors, lawmakers, investors, financial underwriters, developers and their agents -- have a clear stake in his actions, as with any city comptroller. In this post, Hevesi, a former state legislator from Forest Hills who also holds a doctoral degree in political science, commands a unique mixture of civil-service personnel, technical experts and advisers from his long political career. Latest in a series on the current jobs of the mayoral candidates. (Newsday)

Both Mark Green and Alan Hevesi will be on the ballot in November, Green because of his endorsement by the Working Families Party, Hevesi because of his endorsement by the Liberal Party. The question that Democratic party officials worry about is whether either of them will stay in the race if they lose the Democratic primary in September, which could split the Democratic vote. A Green spokesman (though not Green) has said he will not run if he does not win the primary. The Hevesi camp has been silent. Michael Bloomberg, who will be on the Independence Party line in November, says he will remain in the race whether or not he wins the Republican primary. (NY Times)

Alan Hevesi's campaign has decided to create a third party called the Better Schools Party, leaving the field free for Michael Bloomberg to create an Education First Party. Both candidates had been seeking to create a new party with the word "education" in the name - essentially to give themselves another line on the ballot in November - but the Board of Elections ruled that neither could have it. (NY Times)

Alan G. Hevesi, the city comptroller and a Democratic candidate for mayor, yesterday defended using his staff to help a campaign contributor obtain a business meeting with Bell Atlantic in 1997, saying that "we connect businesses all the time - that's what I do as comptroller." But he angrily denied an allegation that he had taken a $6,000 cash bribe from the contributor, Maurice Lowinger, who died earlier this year, in exchange for the meeting. "It is an absolutely despicable lie," he said at a news conference called to rebut the charge. (NY Times)

Trying to unite the city's largest minority groups behind a single candidate, a group of mostly black and Latino politicians threw their support yesterday to one Democratic mayoral candidate, Fernando Ferrer. Congressman Charles Rangel was the most prominent of black leaders attending the endorsement ceremony yesterday; others included Assemblyman Keith L. Wright; the Manhattan borough president, C. Virginia Fields; and two City Council members, Bill Perkins and Philip Reed. (NY Times)

Peter Vallone's campaign accused Michael Bloomberg of stealing Vallone's ideas to help the elderly, such as making "reasonably priced" prescription drugs available to the elderly through bulk purchases by the Health and Hospitals Corporation, and keeping bicyclists and skateboarders off the sidewalk. "They are stealing our idea of saying that somebody stole our idea," said a Bloomberg spokesman (NY Times)

Stephen L. Green, the brother of the mayoral candidate Mark Green and the chief executive of one of the city's largest commercial real estate companies, has helped raise $672,450, or about 12 percent of the $5.8 million in political donations collected by his brother, the campaign disclosed yesterday, far more than previous estimates had suggested. (NY Times)

In a compromise with the Campaign Finance Board, New York City Comptroller and mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi agreed to pay $240,000 extra in fees and commissions to his political consultant Hank Morris, who had been working for free. The board then released $2.6 million in public funds for Hevesi's campaign. (NY Times)

All was not good news for Hevesi yesterday, however. Prosecutors are looking into a claim by a former employee of the Lowinger family, which owns U.S. Electronics and other companies, that Hevesi took a $6,000 cash payoff in early 1997 to help the family's business. (Newsday)

Republican mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg has set up a political committee for his Educaiton First Party, even though he has been told by the Board of Elections that he and Alan Hevesi have to change the names of their proposed third-party lines, since both used the word "education" and election laws prohibit two lines with similar names. (NY Post)

Michael R. Bloomberg suggested yesterday that both Schools Chancellor Harold O. Levy and Public Advocate Mark Green, a Democratic candidate for mayor, have been lifting Mr. Bloomberg's ideas about education. Aides to Mr. Levy and Mr. Green both said the men were surprised by the suggestion, that they had talked about their proposals long before Mr. Bloomberg had outlined his education plan in June, shortly after announcing for mayor. "He should check his facts before he talks," said Mr. Green's spokesman. (NY Times)

The United Federation of Teachers endorsed mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi. It is only the second time since 1977 that the union, one of the city's largest and most powerful with 140,000 members, has endorsed a primary candidate. (NY Times)

Mark Green, the public advocate and Democratic mayoral candidate, has released his first television advertisement which focuses on education. (NY Times)

Alan Hevesi received contributions from a Chinese-American businessman who conspired to smuggle hundreds of illegal immigrants into the United States, according to The Post. When told that the contributor was the focus of a federal investigation, Hevesi's aides refunded the donations given last November. (NY Post)

The latest Quinnipiac College poll shows Mark Green comfortably ahead of his three Democratic rivals for the mayor but still short of the 40 percent needed to avoid a runoff. The survey found Green leading with a 32 percent share of registered Democrats. The others remain close together with Comptroller Alan Hevesi at 18 percent, City Council Speaker Peter Vallone with 15 percent, and Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer at 14 percent. Twenty-one percent were undecided. (Daily News)

Hevesi staffers camped out overnight outside the Board of Elections downtown Broadway offices. Bloomberg staffers arrived at about 8 a.m. to be ready when the offices opened. In the end, it didn't matter. The board ruled neither candidate could create a party line with "Education" in the name. Officials had said several weeks ago that only one new party with the word "Education" in its name would be allowed and whoever handed in their petitions first would get it. But because Alan Hevesi and Micahel Bloomberg turned in their petitions at 9 a.m., when the board's office opened, officials ruled neither camp could use the coveted "e" word. (New York Post)

Even without an "education" party, Alan Hevesi is moving closer to winning the endorsement of the city1s teachers. United Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten is expected to ask her executive board to throw its support to the comptroller1s mayoral bid. Such a move has been expected for some time. (Newsday)

Peter Vallone came under attack from the Catholic bishop of Brooklyn and Queens for allowing a bill that would ban demonstrating at abortion clinics to reach the council floor. Vallone is not a sponsor of the bill but, as speaker, controls the flow of legislation. Bishop Thomas V. Daily urged people to write to Vallone to express their opposition to the measure. The bishop's criticism seemed to catch Vallone's staff by surprise. Vallone is an observant Catholic with close ties to Daily, despite the speaker's political support for abortion rights. Vallone aides stressed he hasn't made up his mind on the bill and will attend Tuesday's hearing on it. But one of the measure's key sponsors, Kathryn Freed of Manhattan, issued a statement commending Vallone "for his leadership on this issue." (Newsday)

Michael Bloomberg said he is uncomfortable with the idea of the city using its money from a national settlement against tobacco companies. In response to a question at a forum on health care, most of the mayoral candidates said they would use the money for health care projects. Bloomberg, however, said, "There is something that makes me uncomfortable about taking tobacco money." (New York Times)

This shows he's a political novice. Mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg yesterday hinted that he does not root for the Mets or the Yankee but the Boston Red Sox, longtime archrivals of the Bronx Bombers. When asked yesterday whether he was a Mets or Yankees fan, Bloomberg responded, "My answer to that is: I grew up in Boston, sir." The audience at a Rotary Club lunch on Staten Island responded with a mix of laughs and hisses. Dan Shaughnessy, a columnist for the Boston Globe, said Bloomberg's election could be "payback for the Curse of the Bambino," the spell supposedly cast on the Red Sox when the team's owner sold Babe Ruth to the Yankees in 1920. The Red Sox have failed to win a World Series since 1918. "Maybe this is our way to get even," Shaughnessy said. (Daily News)

Republican mayoral candidate Mike Bloomberg last night suggested abolishing the city's income tax for the 100,000 poorest New Yorkers. (NY Post)

In a CD-Rom entitled "Toward a Smarter City - 100 Ideas For a New Century" that he is planning to mail to voters, Mark Green reiterates goals he has stressed throughout the campaign, like smaller class sizes for the earliest grades, higher salaries for teachers and an expanded Jacob Javits Center. He also wants to see every city worker get e-mail, to add youth officers to 20 police precincts with high rates of juvenile crime, and to place cameras at dangerous traffic intersections to record the speed of cars. (NY Times)

Peter Vallone's campaign was accused of conducting a push poll, in which, under the guise of conducting a regular poll by telephone, a campaign supplies a voter with negative information about its opponents. The campaign denied the charge. (NY Times) Larry Warden, who dropped out of the race for Bronx borough president, endorsed Pedro Espada Jr. for that position, and was made Espada's campaign chairman. (Daily News)

Five Democratic mayoral candidates are expected to participate in a debate to be broadcast on Channel 11 Aug. 28. (Newsday)

With a month to go before the September 11 Democratic primary, the mayoral race has turned into a fierce battle among three candidates struggling to get into a runoff with front-runner Mark Green. Polls have shown Mr. Green leading the four-way race, but shy of the 40 percent needed to avoid a runoff. His three challengers-Fernando Ferrer, Alan Hevesi and Peter Vallone-have bobbed up and down in recent months. But now they are in a virtual dead heat for second place, with each getting 17 percent in the contest. Green has adopted what some call a "Rose Garden" strategy to maintain his lead -- issue position papers, announce endorsements and ignore his rivals. (Crain's New York Business)

He is an Eisenhower-era conservative who mocked Vietnam War protesters and twice voted for Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani. He is a multimillionaire who wears monogrammed shirts with French cuffs and tie pins, and controls one of Manhattan's largest commercial real estate empires. He just bought a sprawling condominium at the Trump World Tower, the latest symbol of establishment New York. In short, he is just about the last guy who might be expected to end up a chief strategist and fund-raiser behind the mayoral campaign of Mark Green, the left-leaning Democrat who has made a career challenging the system. But this real estate executive is Stephen L. Green. And the one-time Vietnam protester, now mayoral candidate, is his brother. (NY Times)

The Rev. Calvin Butts of Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem announced his endorsement of Mark Green for mayor. (NY-1)

New Fernando Ferrer TV commercial: "The big money in public education comes from the governor, comes from the State Legislature. And they've made a decision that New York City kids get less and suburban kids get more, and it's not right. Our public schools need more. We're going to have to find that money. We're going to have to make some tough choices." Since the New York City Campaign Finance Board withheld up to $2.87 million in public matching funds from Alan Hevesi's campaign this month because of questions about whether he was trying to skirt the city's spending limits, Mr. Hevesi's campaign has worked hard to change the subject. Wearing his city comptroller's hat, he held a news conference to criticize the city's process for issuing death certificates. Back in his candidate's hat, he gave what aides called a "major policy address" on crime and policing. On the trail, he shows no fear of facts or figures. He is nothing if not wonkish. As he campaigns for the Democratic mayoral nomination he seems to take genuine delight in the arcana of municipal government and finance. For nearly eight years now he has been the city comptroller, or numbers-cruncher-in-chief, a role in which he has dared to be dull. (NY Times)

A group of black elected Democrats, led by Representative Charles B. Rangel of Harlem and including Manhattan Borough President C. Virginia Fields, has decided against endorsing any of the white Democrats running for New York mayor, and will instead seek to create a black-Latino coalition that is likely to support Fernando Ferrer's bid to become the city's first Puerto Rican mayor, Mr. Rangel said yesterday. Several Democrats suggested yesterday that any black support that went to Mr. Ferrer could come out of frontrunner Mark Green's column, and could dampen any hope Mr. Green had of winning the 40 percent his aides have pushed for to avoid a runoff election (NY Times)

Michael Bloomberg has spent $16 million on the race for mayor so far, more than all the other candidates combined. He is now spending an average of more than $300,000 a day. Documents filed yesterday with city election officials show that he has sent much of his money to a single Washington firm, Squier Knapp Dunn Communications, which specializes in making and distributing television ads for politicians, and for hiring political consultants and pollsters. (NY Times)

Herman Badillo's latest quest to be mayor suffered a setback yesterday when he failed to raise enough cash to qualify for at least $1.25 million in taxpayer matching funds. Badillo has collected $197,261 in matchable funds from donors, falling short of the $250,000 needed to receive money under the city's campaign finance program, reports filed yesterday show. (Daily News)

Mixing politics and pop stars, Democratic mayoral candidate Mark Green has lined up Jon Bon Jovi, Jewel and Mary J. Blige to headline a rock-the-house fund-raiser a week before the September primary. The star-studded affair will be held September 5 at Town Hall, and actors Warren Beatty and Annette Bening will be the hosts. (Daily News)

Mark Green's front-runner status in Democratic primary polls appears to be fanning his fund-raising efforts. From July 12 to Aug. 6, Green posted $576,620 in private contributions - the most of the four main contenders, according to Campaign Finance Board statements filed Friday. (Newsday)

By the time a brash young councilman named Fernando Ferrer was ushered in as Bronx borough president in 1987, the Bronx had become a symbol of urban decay and corruption. Fourteen years later, life by many measures is better in the Bronx. During his tenure, Ferrer, now 51, says proudly in an interview, 67,000 units of affordable housing were built in the Bronx, and in the last two years more jobs were created there than in any borough but Manhattan. But how much of the progress can be credited to Ferrer's work -- and how much to a massive citywide housing program and a long economic boom -- offers a key question in the mayoral race, as he pitches himself as a leader who can bring people together and transform communities. Third in a series about the current jobs of the mayoral candidates. (Newsday)

Former Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan endorsed Fernando Ferrer for mayor yesterday, calling him "the social conscience of our state.... Let's have a City Hall with Fred Ferrer's policies. If they worked in the Bronx, they'll work in New York." (Daily News)

Alan Hevesi released his crime agenda yesterday. He said he would retain city cops by providing salaries "competitive" with suburban police departments, affordable housing and tuition assistance. He also said new police officers should be required to live in the city, undergo orientation by the local community council and receive more training on the "probable cause" standard used to stop and frisk suspects. (Daily News)

Alan Hevesi has unquestionably benefited from his association with his political consultant Hank Morris, given Mr. Morris's skills, and his ties to elected officials, political leaders and unions. But inevitably, because these two men have become so intertwined, Mr. Hevesi is at risk of paying a price when the irascible Mr. Morris is seen as stepping off in the wrong direction. This is how he was seen when he threatened to sue the Campaign Finance Board for denying matching funds to the Hevesi campaign. (NY Times)

Peter Vallone rolled out a cable TV ad yesterday featuring Ed Koch and touting Vallone's new proposals to provide prescription drug benefits for the elderly and health insurance for kids. (Daily News)

Alan Hevesi's dispute with the Campaign Finance Board could hurt his image, cost him money and generally damage his mayoral candidacy, according to some of his supporters. The dispute over whether Hevesi has sidestepped campaign spending limits comes five weeks before the primary with Hevesi virtually tied with two rivals for second place among the four major Democratic mayoral contenders. The dispute could result in a fine for Hevesi or force him to increase his payments to campaign guru Hank Morris by several hundred thousand dollars. That, in turn, could force a cutback in spending on TV ads in the closing days of the primary. (Daily News)

Many believe that consultant Hank Morris has made Alan Hevesi the prominent citywide figure he is today. He is the candidate's strategist, friend, alter ego, mentor, campaign manager, campaign consultant and press spokesman. Certainly Hevesi has benefited. But now, because of Morris's feud with the Campaign Finance Board, the consultant is threatening to eclipse and so perhaps damage the candidate. (New York Times)

Mayoral candidates Mark Green and Peter Vallone both focused on health-care issues yesterday. Vallone proposed that the city pay the health-insurance premiums currently paid by parents whose children do not qualify for Medicaid but are eligible for a low-cost insurance program. Green said he would like to use city agencies frequented by the poor, such as food stamp enrollment sites, to entice people to sign up for Medicaid and Child Health Plus, the low-cost insurance program for children. (New York Times)

The Working Families Party made Mark Green its mayoral candidate yesterday, guaranteeing the public advocate a place on the November ballot even if he fails to get the Democratic nomination. Party officials say the endorsement was a sign of Green's growing support among organized labor, which plays a key role in the Working Families Party. (Daily News)

City Council Speaker, and mayoral candidate, Peter Vallone's office has spent $94,000 in city money since last year on small flags celebrating several nationalities and gay pride. The flags all also say "Compliments of the New York City Council, Peter Vallone, Speaker." The speaker's office has also spent $100,000 on tote bags with the same message. (Newsday)

All six major mayoral candidates rejected Mayor Giuliani's decency panel yesterday, saying it was unnecessary and that they would disband it.(Daily News)

Alan Hevesi backed down from the aggressive tone that his political consultant Hank Morris had taken in response to the Campaign Finance Board's decision not to provide matching funds to his campaign. Morris threatened to sue. Hevesi said yesterday he wanted to settle the dispute "amicably," and dispatched aides to cooperate with the board. (NY Times)

If he were mayor, Peter F. Vallone would scrap the insurance premiums that hundreds of thousands of low- income parents pay for government- subsidized health insurance for their children, his aides said yesterday. Instead, the city would pick up the cost of the premiums, which range from $108 to $180 a year per child. Campaign aides said they hoped such an incentive would compel many more parents to sign up. There are roughly 300,000 city children eligible but not yet enrolled in Child Health Plus, as the insurance program is called. (NY Times)

The president of the Gramercy Park Republican Club, the city's largest GOP club, yesterday threw his weight behind Herman Badillo's bid for City Hall, claiming Mike Bloomberg can't win in November. (NY Post)

Billionaire mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg referred to domestic violence and sexual abuse yesterday as "quality-of-life crimes" - immediately drawing fire from victims' rights groups and his opponents. (Daily News)

The Campaign Finance Board voted unanimously yesterday to deny mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi any matching funds, a decision that could cost him as much as $3.2 million, because his political consultant, Hank Morris, has been working for Hevesi for free. (NY Times)

Promising to ensure "quality health care for all," mayoral hopeful Fernando Ferrer pledged yesterday to streamline the process so that the uninsured and immigrants would have better access to health care. (Daily News)

A tenant-rights group, Tenants Political Action Committee, endorsed Alan Hevesi, then joined him in bashing Peter Vallone as a disaster for tenants and rent protections. Tenant activist Michael McKee said his chief beef with Vallone was a 1994 law pushed through by the Council speaker that ended rent controls on regulated apartments that have become vacant and rent for $2,000 or more a month. Vallone aides said the Council speaker had no choice but to back the 1994 decontrol law. If the Council did not act, the state Senate's Republican majority would have allowed all rent control and stabilization rules created under state law to expire. (Daily News)

While Ferrer talked about health and Alan Hevesi announced his endorsement by the tenants group, Mark Green said it was time to abolish community school boards, and Peter Vallone campaigned among some elderly in the Bronx. (NY Times)

Few would deny that Peter Vallone, 66, is the quintessential City Hall insider. As council speaker, leader of the city's legislative branch, he holds the second most powerful job in city government. Some say he deserves to share whatever credit falls to Giuliani for improving the city's quality of life. Others complain he was reluctant to challenge the mayor on tough issues. The second in a series on the mayoral candidates' current jobs. (Newsday)

Abner Louima campaigned alongside Alan Hevesi yesterday. (NY Times) (Daily News)

Peter Vallone went inside to pay respects to the grand rabbi of the Satmars, Moses Teitelbaum. The endorsement may come later. (NY Times)

The six major candidates for mayor of New York City have encouraged voters to measure them by Rudolph Giuliani's yardstick. Even as they criticized Giuliani's style, they sought to assure New Yorkers that the change in leadership at City Hall next year would not bring an end to the policies that are widely credited with moving the city in the right direction. (NY Times)

As he travels New York's four other boroughs in his quest to become mayor, Fernando Ferrer has taken much of the credit for the Bronx's renaissance. He is selling the image of the rebuilt borough as a model for serving "the other New York" that he says was left out of the city's economic surge of the 1990's.(NY Times)

Columnist Michael Kramer does his own numbers on the September primary in the mayoral election. He predicts Mark Green will top the field but may not be able to avoid a run-off; Alan Hevesi may be running to the "left," where his rivals are; Latinos will be an important voting bloc and may put Ferrer in second place; Vallone may fall 80,000 votes short of what he needs to make the runoff. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg said yesterday that he regretted that his "Mike for Mayor" campaign T-shirts were manufactured in Salvadoran sweatshops. He said his campaign was unaware of the origins of the 500 shirts and had ordered them through a union supplier. He said he would stop distributing the shirts. (Daily News)

The Democrats running for mayor share a painful political experience: they were all affected by the 1986 suicide of Donald Manes, the Queens borough president and Democratic leader. The scandal, prosecutions, and media coverage that followed destroyed many careers, but Green, Vallone, Ferrer, and Hevesi emerged. (Newsday)

The hunt for votes and endorsements in the New York City mayor's race took a northward turn this weekend - straight out of the city and up into the Catskills - as the Democratic hopefuls Mark Green and Peter Vallone intensified their efforts to attract different factions of Satmar Hasidim.(NY Times)

A coalition of 15 Muslim-American organizations withdrew its endorsement of mayoral hopeful Mark Green on Friday (Daily News), then reasserted that it would maintain its endorsement on Saturday. (Newsday)

While three of his mayoral rivals dashed around the city to stump stops yesterday, Republican Herman Badillo was almost thwarted at his one appearance of the day. The manager of a BJ's Wholesale Club told him to stop campaigning in front of the store, saying it was off-limits. (NY Post)

The National Labor Committee, an advocacy group for worker and human rights in Central America, researched the origin of the mayor candidate Michael Bloombergs "Mike For Mayor" T-shirts and concluded they were sweatshop-produced. The committee has found horrendous conditions that the plant, including mandatory pregnancy tests for women seeking jobs, mandatory 11-hour shifts and an average workweek of 65 hours, and average pay of 60 cents an hour. (Daily News)

Alan Hevesi sent a letter yesterday to campaign monitors, accusing rival Peter Vallone of improperly using $100,000 in taxpayer funds to buy tote bags bearing Vallone's name. The tan canvas bags, which say "Compliments of New York City Council, Peter Vallone, Speaker" in bold blue letters, are part of a "pattern of abuse" in Vallone's campaign, Hevesi charged. (Daily News)

Peter Vallone unveiled a $1.5 billion plan that he says would transform the city's "rotten" public school system. (Daily News)

By Monday, Republican mayoral candidate Herman Badillo must meet two goals to qualify for taxpayer financing of his campaign: He must show he has at least 1,000 donors and at least $250,000 in contributions from the five boroughs. If he achieves both, the Campaign Finance Board will begin giving him cash - $5 for every $1 he has raised, with a maximum match of $1,250 for each donor. If he does not, he can qualify again on Aug. 31, but by then it may be too late to help in the Sept. 11 Republican primary.Media mogul Bloomberg is not using public money. Badillo's task was made more difficult yesterday when the board ruled that $20,000 he raised from 120 city donors cannot be counted toward the thresholds because he was four days late in submitting paperwork to the board last year. (Daily News)

Republican Michael Bloomberg's mayoral campaign yesterday charged it was thwarted in a bid to post in subway stations ads that criticize the city's transit system and boost the candidate's plan. But officials at Viacom Outdoors - which is under contract with the Metropolitan Transportation Authority to post subway and bus ads - insisted the campaign's claims just aren't true. (New York Post)

Council Speaker Peter Vallone's office spent more than $100,000 in city funds since last year on thousands of giveaway canvas tote bags with the Queens Democrat's name custom-printed on them. (Newsday)

Three mayoral candidates -- Fernando Ferrer, Alan Hevesi, and Mark Green -- spoke about HIV and AIDS issues at a forum in Harlem last night. Republican candidates Herman Badillo and Michael Bloomberg declined an invitation. Peter Vallone was scheduled to appear, but sent a surrogate to read a letter instead. The audience, who voted on each candidate response with a thumbs up or thumbs down, decided not to listen to what Vallone had written in the letter. The candidates appeared one at a time to answer questions about housing for people with AIDS, needle exchange programs, the Division of AIDS Services, and safe sex curriculum in public schools. Ferrer, Hevesi, and Green agreed with each other on many of the issues, but each added his own emphasis. Ferrer advocated getting the funding to community based groups, Hevesi stressed health legislation he introduced in the State Assembly, and Green highlighted his advocacy for gay and lesbian rights. And two candidates told the same joke. When asked to sign a letter to Mayor Giuliani urging that the $5 million dollars in the city budget be allocated in communities of color, both Hevesi and Green signed the letter, enjoyed the applause, then said, "I just signed Peter Vallone's name."

City Council speaker and mayoral candidate Peter Vallone said yesterday that if Schools Chancellor Harold Levy can not find a way to trim $120 million, the district superintendents should help him do it. Vallone sent letters to the city's 40 superintendents asking them for a list of suggested savings. (Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green said yesterday that if he were elected mayor, his administration would be profoundly different from the current one running New York City, even within the Police Department, where he would like to shift some of the overtime budget used for crime fighting to social programs for the police and for crime prevention. (NY Times)

Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg said yesterday he supports expansion plans at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, a contentious issue that has split the upper East Side neighborhood. (Daily News)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg said yesterday he wants to get rid of graffiti-covered metal shutters on storefronts that make neighborhoods "look like a war zone." (NY Post) And his rivals respond. (Newsday)

An adviser to Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg shoved a Daily News reporter yesterday, causing the paper to file a complaint with the campaign. (Daily News)

The city is about to encounter rough economic times and would do well to have someone with a business background leading it through the slowdown, billionaire businessman Michael Bloomberg told the New York Times. But the Republican candidate for mayor offered few specifics on how he would cope with the difficulties he believes lie ahead. He said he would rely on his commissioners to suggest spending cuts and try to expand the city's tax base by encouraging private investment and making the city a more attractive place to live by repairing the school system. He also said he would use techniques that he has employed at his company, Bloomberg L.P., to improve morale at city hall. (New York Times)

Bloomberg is making his hundreds of millions of dollars in donations to charity a centerpiece of his campaign. Last week, Bloomberg aired a television ad featuring a charitable organization, and when he disclosed his tax information last month, the only dollar figures he released involved his philanthropy. Last year, while contemplating a mayoral run, Bloomberg donated about $100 million, more than double the previous year. Sara Melendez, president and chief executive officer of Independent Sector, a nonprofit group that promotes philanthropy, said it is unusual for politicians to prominently showcase charitable giving in their campaigns. (Daily News)

In 1987, the Bronx machine named Fernando Ferrer to fill out the term of disgraced Bronx Borough President Stanley Simon. Today even those not supporting his candidacy for mayor say Ferrer has proved to be much more than a party hack. And many point to his first vigorous steps to erase, both literally and politically, the stains from the landmark Bronx county courthouse. (Village Voice)

The Central Labor Council, the umbrella organization of city unions, has decided not to endorse a mayoral candidate for the September primary. Council president Assemblyman Brian McLaughlin said the council could not agree on any one of the four major Democratic candidates, with most of them having substantial support in the labor group. (Daily News)

Five of the mayoral candidates said last night that they would boost spending on parks if elected but only Council Speaker Peter Vallone pledged to commit 1 percent of the city budget to the parks. Parks 2001, a nonpartisan group, is seeking to boost spending on the city's parks from 0.4 percent of the city's budget to 1 percent, an increase from about $170 million to $375 million. Candidate Michael Bloomberg did not attend last night1s forum on the parks. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg outlined a plan for the city's public parks, beaches and pools, including a proposal to recruit lifeguards from South America, though he said he was not sure how he would pay for the recruitment program. Peter Vallone held a press conference to discuss the 62 people who were dragged by subway cars last year. Mark Green released a report urging private companies to help build 10 new small schools. Fernando Ferrer touted his proposal for city legislation to ban racial profiling. (NY Times)

From the Lord's Prayer as acceptable for Jews to taxis as a form of mass transit, Michael Bloomberg seems to have taken to the campaign trail with a simple maxim in mind: I am successful and what works for me should work for you. When it does not, Mr. Bloomberg has appeared genuinely mystified. (NY Times)

For seven years, Mark Green has held an elected position that nearly wasn't: a job created over the objection of those who thought it superfluous and ceremonial, all podium and no power. As the city's first public advocate, Green says he has been an energetic and effective voice challenging the Republican administration. Arguing that he's made the most of the post, his supporters cite at a moment's notice his mix of 244 investigations completed, lawsuits filed and legislation proposed or enacted, his more than 100,000 constituent complaints handled (with varying success), and 70 community meetings held throughout the city. His rivals paint him as a sound-bite artist hyping an office with little of the responsibility carried by the mayor, comptroller or City Council, and no need to show results. (Newsday)

Peter Vallone is pursuing the so-called outer- borough white ethnics. They are mostly Irish and Italians, but also Greeks, Poles, Albanians and so on, who, according to the calculations of his aides, represent up to 20 percent of the Democratic electorate, and who went for Giuliani eight years ago. Vallone, 66, is also in pursuit of the elderly vote. (NY Times)

Why is media mogul Michael Bloomberg, who has spent more than $8 million on his self-financed campaign and has hired some of the best people in the business, getting into hot water over almost everything he says? Sources say Bloomberg's notable off-the-cuff moments occur because his campaign runs like his company - no titles, no official campaign manager and no one calling the final shots except Bloomberg, the one with the least political experience. (NY Post)

In a 90-minute interview with reporters and editors of the NY Times, Herman Badillo said there would be only stylistic differences between a Badillo and a Giuliani administration. He said his first priority would be public safety, closely followed by education, health and housing issues. He said he would keep at least two of Mr. Giuliani's commissioners, Police Commissioner Bernard B. Kerik and Nicholas Scoppetta, the commissioner of the Administration for Children's Services. But he would ask for the resignation of Schools Chancellor Harold Levy, whom he accused of failing to enforce uniform standards for all public school children. He would change the police force's racial composition, which he identified as "the root cause of the tension" between the predominantly white force and many New Yorkers, especially Latinos and blacks. And he would require schoolchildren to take standardized tests beginning in first grade to make sure they can read and write. (NY Times) Excerpts of interview. (NY Times)

In a setback to Peter Vallone's campaign alliance with District Council 37, the city's huge municipal union, Veronica Montgomery-Costa, president of Local 372, the union's largest local, announced yesterday that her 28,000 members were moving to buck District Council 37 and back the candidacy of Fernando Ferrer. (NY Times)

In a 90-minute interview with reporters and editors of the New York Times, Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer said he is waging a mayoral campaign to revive what he says is a tradition of activist government abandoned by Rudolph W. Giuliani and bolster "the other New York" left out of the city's economic boom. If elected mayor, he would raise teacher pay by 30 percent, oversee the construction of 150,000 units of housing and ban the practice of racial profiling by the police. He said that he hoped to pay for most of his new programs with taxes already collected and requests for more state aid, and by weeding out fraud and abuse. (NY Times)

Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi called yesterday for an overhaul of the city's election system and for advancing the primary by four months, from September to May. The fact that election officials are considering postponing this September's runoff election, he said, indicates problems with the current system. "We're dealing with a third-world- country level of administration of elections here in New York, with voting machines that are 40 years old and processes that discourage voting all too often and participation all too often," said Mr. Hevesi, who is seeking the Democratic mayoral nomination. (NY Times)

Last week, Mark Green took his place amid a crowd of Hasidim, as aides circulated a statement saying that "leaders from the Satmar Congregations of New York City, the largest of the three major Hasidic groups in the city with some 100,000 followers" supported his mayoral campaign. As Mr. Green smiled for the cameras, most of the leaders of the Satmar establishment in New York City - including its grand rabbi - were actually in Europe, unaware that political endorsements were being made in the name of the Satmars. Many of the Hasidim surrounding Mr. Green in the picture belonged to a smaller group that is at odds with the Satmar establishment, which is based in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. A few of them live in Orange County. "It's obvious that those people who endorsed Mark Green wanted to take advantage of Mark Green and make him think they were the leaders," said Rabbi Isaac Wertheimer, the man chosen to discuss the matter by the Satmar leadership in Williamsburg. "Mark Green, I guess, he didn't know exactly what he was getting into." (NY Times)

Green has accepted the endorsement of a coalition of 15 Muslim-American organizations that includes a group that calls U.S. aid to Israel "blind support of Zionist colonialism." A Green spokesman said he was unaware of the group's views. (Daily News)

Peter Vallone's first campaign ad will feature former Mayor Ed Koch: "Hi. I'm Ed Koch, and I'm supporting Peter Vallone for mayor. He won't have to learn the job. As they say, he's been there, done that. I know. I was mayor for 12 years when he was majority leader of the City Council. He was my partner in government. No one in this election has his experience and ability. So if you're interested in electing a mayor who can run the city in good times and bad and never lose his cool, always remembering that he serves you, please join me in voting for Peter Vallone." Times analysis: Actually, Vallone was majority leader for only three years of Koch's mayoralty, and they famously clashed over Vallone's to make the Council a more powerful body. (NY Times)

Evidence of Bloomberg's deep-pocketed campaign is hitting mailboxes across the city.It's a glossy, 12-page, multicolored, mass mailing by the Bloomberg campaign that is virtually a minimagazine filled with everything you want to know about the billionaire, and then some. But nowhere in the magazine is the fact that he is running as a Republican. (Daily News)

Mark Green is clearly ahead in the campaign for the Democratic nomination for mayor, according to a new Quinnipiac College poll, but the race for second is too close to call. With 30 percent of the vote, Green does not have enough support to avoid a runoff, and it's impossible to predict who his opponent would be in that contest. The poll found Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer with 18 percent, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi with 17 percent, City Council Speaker Peter Vallone with 16 percent, and 18 percent undecided. (New York Post)

The poll also indicates that Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg's $8 million investment in campaign ads and other electioneering is beginning to pay off. He remains far behind his major Democratic rivals, but the huge margins are shrinking. Bloomberg trails Mark Green 54 percent to 28 percent, the poll found. City Comptroller Alan Hevesi's 37-point lead over Bloomberg in June is down to 22 points, and City Council Speaker Peter Vallone's 43-point lead has shrunk to 25 points, according to the poll. Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer now leads the billionaire 48 percent to 33 percent, down from the previous 55 percent-to-25 percent advantage. (Daily News)

Mark Green has enlisted David Boies, the lead attorney for Al Gore's campaign during last year's recount in Florida, to put together a team of hundreds of lawyers to monitor polling places on Primary Day. The lawyers would guard against balloting mistakes and the possibility of voter fraud. Observers believe the effort is designed to compensate for Green's lack of support from the traditional Democratic Party establishment whose loyalists are often deployed as poll watchers. "In the outer boroughs, the polls will be opened and closed by inspectors from the Democratic Party machinery," said one lawyer involved in the Green campaign. "So it's in our interest to have a set of eyes and ears trained in the law and ready to spot problems of any type that may arise." (New York Observer)

In a meeting with the Post editorial board, mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi yesterday said that New York has generally been going the right way under Mayor Rudy Giuliani, contesting his opponent Fernando Ferrer's claim that New York is turning into "two cities." (New York Post)

Abner Louima, the Haitian immigrant who has become a symbol of police brutality, gave his endorsement to Alan Hevesi. (NY Times) (Daily News)

The Haitian immigrant's vote of confidence on the steps of City Hall seemed to energize Hevesi's campaign, which has been lagging in polls, and caught his three principal rivals off guard. (Newsday)

Hevesi contacts in the Haitian community as far back as 1994. Three years ago, he helped organize planes to shuttle food and medical supplies to Haiti after Hurricane George. (NY Post)

The Rev. Al Sharpton - Abner Louima's longtime adviser - was said to be surprised by the police-torture victim's decision to back Alan Hevesi. (NY Post)

The city Campaign Finance Board will begin auditing Alan Hevesi's mayoral campaign today. Hevesi's rivals have suggested that Hank Morris, his campaign manager, is undercharging him, which would give the city comptroller an advantage in a primary in which spending by each of the Democrats is capped at $5.5 million.(NY Times)

Hevesi is the only major candidate for mayor since the Campaign Finance Board began in 1988 to run with only the barest of staffs, and without a traditional headquarters or discernible overhead costs. With payments to Hank Morris's firm concealing and reducing these expenses, Hevesi has been able to air TV ads for months while keeping his spending total only slightly higher than his three Democratic rivals, who have yet to buy commercial time. (Village Voice)

City Council Speaker Peter Vallone yesterday joined a lawsuit against the city to stop a bus service arrangement a union calls improper. (Newsday)

Former Mayor Ed Koch will play a prominent role in a TV ad for mayoral hopeful Speaker Peter Vallone. (Daily News)

Herman Badillo appealed to members of the Campaign Finance Board yesterday to count about 125 more donors to help his cash-strapped campaign qualify for matching city funds. Badillo missed the first opportunity to qualify, when he did not raised the required $250,000 from at least 1,000 New York City contributors. (NY Times)

Before announcing his bid for mayor, Michael Bloomberg began resigning from four exclusive clubs in Manhattan and Westchester County that have predominantly white memberships. Bloomberg quit the Harmonie Club, the Century Country Club, the Brook Club, and the Racquet and Tennis Club, according to his campaign. (NY Times)

In his race for mayor, Mark Green has been going to as many as 11 events a day, and clearly keeping tabs: Number of African-American churches visited, 130; number of schools he has popped in on, 50; 70 town hall meetings in 53 community districts. (NY Times)

Bloomberg said that because both New York senators, Charles Schumer and Hillary Rodham Clinton, are Democrats, he would try to "be, as mayor, the third senator, if you will," a Republican lobbying the Republican administration in Washington for increased federal aid. His opponents ridiculed his remarks. (NY Post)

After weeks of offering little but praise for Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, Michael R. Bloomberg, the Republican mayoral candidate, sent a modest critical punch in the mayor's direction yesterday. He said that Mr. Giuliani was wrong in 1995 to have ousted Yasir Arafat from a concert for world leaders at Lincoln Center. (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi's opponents have pressed the city's Campaign Finance Board to rule on whether his political consultant Hank Morris is unfairly providing cut-rate office and consulting services to his friend, the man he wants to make New York's next mayor. The dispute over Hevesi's novel arrangement with Morris suggests the difficulty that proponents of stricter campaign finance regulations across the nation have faced over a generation of trying to restrict the influence of money on politics. (NY Times)

Democratic mayoral hopeful Peter Vallone yesterday threatened a lawsuit over the Board of Elections' plan to close more than 100 voting booths at senior facilities around the city. (NY Post)

As the September 11 primary creeps closer, Mark Green holds a double-digit lead over all three Democratic rivals. Two private polls have him near 40 percent, the threshold needed to avoid a primary runoff. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg told a radio audience of mostly Spanish-speaking listeners yesterday that learning English was a key to "the American Dream." "In the end, immigrants to this country have to learn to get the skills to participate," Bloomberg said on WNNY-AM's "Cara a Cara" ["Face to Face"]. On the one-hour live interview, the Republican mayoral hopeful spoke mostly in English, apologizing for not speaking Spanish.(Daily News)

Alan Hevesi yesterday called for the re-establishment of the "911 Committee," an advisory body that for 20 years ensured the city's emergency rooms were equipped and maintained. (Newsday)

A day after he endorsed voluntary prayer in public schools, Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg came out for posting the Ten Commandments in classrooms. "I don't see how you can study history without reading the Ten Commandments," Bloomberg told reporters yesterday, adding that the tenets "are probably a good thing to post." (Daily News)

City Council Speaker Peter Vallone's endorsement for mayor by District 37, the city's largest municipal union, was made final late Thursday in a vote by its locals' delegates. The two biggest locals, Local 1549 and Local 372, abstained from voting. In Queens, with all 14 seats open due to the introduction of term limits, the delegates reversed one executive-board recommendation - voting to support Robert Cermeli, a member of Local 375, instead of Liz Crowley in the 30th Council District. (Newsday)

District Council 37, which comprises 56 union locals, endorsed Vallone by a very narrow margin, with 42 percent voting to abstain in the primary. At the same time, the city's two other giant unions, the United Federation of Teachers and 1199, the health care workers' union, have apparently decided to sit out the primary because their members are so divided about the four major Democratic candidates. (NY Times)

In the first formal endorsement ever given by a large, organized coalition of Muslim voters in New York City, the Muslim Political Coordinating Committee of New York, which represents about 15 Muslim organizations, has said it will support Mark Green for mayor. Ali Mirza, chairman of the committee, said his group chose Green because it liked his record as public advocate, and because he twice participated in the annual Muslim Day parade. (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Peter Vallone criticized his three Democratic rivals for expressing support for gay marriage. "It's a state and federal question. Even if you wanted to do it, you couldn't do it." Vallone also took on Ferrer and Hevesi for being open to tax hikes to improve schools, calling it "pandering of the worst kind," in order just "to get a union endorsement." (NY Post)

Bucking a political taboo, Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer yesterday became the first Democratic mayoral contender since the early 1990s to launch a campaign to roll back a tax cut. For weeks, since Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and Council Speaker Peter Vallone announced agreement on a further reduction of personal income taxes for city residents, Ferrer has belittled the move as failing to help working New Yorkers and forgoing useful revenues. On the City Hall steps yesterday, he kicked off a "Keep My Four Pennies" campaign - referring to the 4 cents a day the income tax cut would save most residents. (Newsday)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg said yesterday that he supported reciting the Lord's Prayer in the city schools. He was criticized by his opponents, and by Jewish leaders. (Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green won endorsements yesterday from black ministers and a group of Hasidic Jews as he hop- scotched around Manhattan in what his advisers said was an attempt to demonstrate the ideological and ethnic breadth of his political support. (NY Times)

Mayoral hopeful Herman Badillo demanded yesterday that his Republican rival Michael Bloomberg nix $14.4 million in city tax breaks that is media company received in exchange for agreeing to stay in Manhattan. (Daily News)

New television commercial from Alan Hevesi: "As mayor I won't use my energy searching for indecency inside our museums. Instead, I'll fight for decency outside them and to keep our city moving in the right direction for all of us. For smaller schools, smaller classes and the best teachers. For affordable housing and an economy that creates new jobs. And for a police force that's tough on crime and misconduct. I'm Alan Hevesi and that's why I'm running for mayor." Analysis of ad: The reference to Giuliani's battle with the Brooklyn Museum of Art over a photograph he labeled anti-Catholic is the latest attempt by Hevesi to distance himself from the mayor (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi's latest campaign disclosures claim what seems impossible: The comptroller pays nothing for rent and little for phones, postage and photocopying. He lists four employees, while his rivals have staffs of a dozen or more. In addition, he is being charged relatively low rates by his political consultant, Hank Morris. The speculation is that his plan is to save up his cash for a TV ad blitz shortly before the September 11th primary. The Campaign Finance Board is conducting an audit: Campaign finance rules dictate that candidates who get public matching dollars must pay market value for services. (Daily News)

The latest campaign finance figures filed by candidates show Mark Green leading the fund-raising race for the last six months. The public advocate took in $1.7 million for his mayoral bid since mid January, compared with Alan Hevesi's $1.2 million. Hevesi, though, received far more money from intermediaries known as bundlers. Of every dollar Hevesi raised, 37 cents came from intermediaries, while 10 percent of Green's money came in in batches. Hevesi also has sent back far more donations than his opponents. Much of the more than $215,000 he returned was raised by intermediaries but sent back after ethical questions were raised about the contributions or contributors. (New York Times)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg has spent an estimated $8.1 million on his campaign already, purchasing ads and mailings. While the effort has boosted his name recognition, private polls cited by his Democratic rivals show that, in a race against any of them, Bloomberg would capture less than 30 percent of the vote. This is unchanged from the polls taken just after he got into the race. (New York Observer)

A small portion of those millions is apparently going to ordinary New Yorkers. The Bloomberg campaign is paying people $5 to answer its on-the-street surveys. (Newsday)

Herman Badillo told the Daily News editorial board yesterday that he would try to create a new party for his mayoral campaign to guarantee him a place on the November ballot. His Republican opponent Michael Bloomberg and Democratic candidate Alan Hevesi are mounting similar drives. Badillo said he did not know what he would call his nascent party. (Daily News)

Leaders of the ultra Orthodox Jewish Satmar sect, long supporters of Mayor Rudy Giuliani, are expected to endorse Mark Green for mayor today. The move is seen as symbolically important to Green's attempt to assemble a winning coalition. Satmar leaders reportedly liked Green's plan for affordable housing. (Newsday)

Mets co-owner Fred Wilpon and his Sterling Equities real-estate company donated nearly $100,000 in this year's city elections, including $50,700 to the four Democratic mayoral hopefuls. They also donated $35,300 to city comptroller candidate Herb Berman, a Brooklyn city councilman who was a key in building a $33 million stadium in Coney Island for a minor-league Mets team. The Mets are seeking a new $500 million major-league stadium. (NY Post)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg could end up spending as much as a $35 million in his campaign, The Post reports. (NY Post)

Mayoral candidate Speaker Peter Vallone proposed a plan to expand city train service using existing tracks and stations. (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green proposed expanding the Javits Center north to 42nd St. yesterday. Mayor Giuliani wants to expand the center south as part of a plan to create a West Side stadium. (Daily News)

Queens Borough President Claire Shulman officially endorsed Alan Hevesi for mayor. (Daily News)

Michael R. Bloomberg, the billionaire businessman who is making his first foray into politics, has already spent a little more than $8 million of his own money in his bid for mayor. That is more than the combined expenditures of all four of the Democrats and one Republican vying against him. (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green yesterday called for slashing the city's energy use - including offering landlords bigger incentives to replace old refrigerators in apartments - to spur conservation. Green, the city's public advocate, wants $16.6 million cut from the $332 million that city government currently spends on power each year. Doing so, he said, would come from such measures as cutting down on the amount of heat and air conditioning and installing sensors to turn off lights when no one is in a room. (NY Post)

Peter Vallone and City Council Member Gifford Miller stood on an Upper East Side street corner Sunday to call for stricter enforcement of New York City' s bicycle laws. Standing with Alan Finger - who was recently hit by a bicycle while walking on a sidewalk - Vallone and Miller demanded that the police department enforce the law that keeps the sidewalk clear of bicycles.

Two weeks ago, a report by Mark Green on the shooting of Amadou Diallo contended Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's public support of the police officers in the case "short-circuited" the department's internal investigation. Bill Bratton, the former police chief who is supporting Green, was finally reached for comment on Green's report. He said he was not consulted about the report and that it "made certain presumptions based on circumstantial information." (Newsday)

Michael Bloomberg has a novel idea to boost his prospects in the mayoral race: Create a new political party so he can appear on an additional line on the November 8 ballot. He's calling it the Education First Party, to underscore his commitment to improving city schools. There's only one problem. Democrat Alan Hevesi also is forming a new political party so he can grab an extra line on the ballot. And he's calling it the Education Party to showcase his commitment to the schools. (Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg, who has been estimated to be worth around $4.5 billion, presented four years of tax information Friday, but revealed very little. He offered reporters only what is required by election law, and did so under tight restrictions. He did not include actual tax returns, which his rivals for mayor have done, and which mayoral candidates traditionally release. His campaign said that such information could harm his company. But some tidbits can be gleaned. He donated more than $100 million to nearly 600 charities, including beleaguered Hale House, in the year 2000, which was more than twice the donations he made the year before. He sold off his portfolio of stocks in preparation for his run for mayor. He is owner of several horses that his daughter rides competitively, part-owner of a yacht, and he has invested in a national tour of the musical "Annie" and in making Arthur Miller's novel "Focus" into a film. (Daily News) (NY Times)

His opponents attacked Bloomberg for his non-disclosure disclosure. "Are there issues about whether the taxes he paid don't correlate to the total income he's earned? We don't know," city comptroller Alan Hevesi said. "He might as well have taken the forms and not answered any question and left them blank." (NY Post)

Republican Herman Badillo appears to face the highest risk of being knocked out of the mayoral race after he and the five other major candidates submitted petitions yesterday to the Board of Elections to qualify for the September 11 primary ballot. Badillo handed in 13,927, which is nearly twice as many as the 7,500 signatures mayoral candidates need, but considered a risky margin since it is common for candidates to challenge the signatures on their rivals' petitions. By contrast, the Democratic mayoral candidates handed in up to 150,000 signatures each. (Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green enjoyed a big fund-raising edge over his Democratic rivals in the first six months of 2001, figures released yesterday show. Green's campaign reported that he collected $1.8 million. Hevesi reported $1.25 million, Vallone, $1 million, Ferrer, $625,000 (Daily News)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg released his plan to untangle traffic. (Bloomberg campaign Web site)

Mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg's campaign is trying to assert tight-fisted control over everything, which makes sense. Even before his political ambitions surfaced, no one understood the value of control better than Mike Bloomberg, a guy who literally built his fortune on the control of financial information. (The New Republic)

Leaders of District Council 37 made their union the first municipal union to make an endorsement in the mayoral race and in doing so gave a boost to the candidacy of City Council Speaker Peter Vallone. If, as expected, the decision is ratified by the rank and file, it will provide Vallone with organizational support and give his flagging mayoral bid an "instant infusion" of credibility. Union leaders said they were endorsing the speaker because he had stood with them on many issues and they "believe he will be a good mayor for the entire city." With 125,000 members, District 37 is the city's largest municipal union. (Daily News)

Many unions, however, as well as leading elected officials are holding off on making endorsements in this year's mayoral race. Noting that voters seem uninterested in the campaign, several union leaders and politicians say they might stay neutral in the September 11 primary and wait to see who emerges in an expected two-way runoff. Others, such as U.S. Representative Charles Rangel say they will not make any endorsement until it appears that voters are paying attention to what Rangel sees as a lackluster campaign. (New York Times)

Michael Bloomberg yesterday vowed that, if elected mayor, he would take mass transit at least once a day. But under the billionaire candidate's definition, taxi cabs qualify as mass transit. Riding the F train, Bloomberg called for mayoral control of the Metropolitan Transit Authority and for building the Second Avenue subway, adding a Grand Central station stop for the Long Island Rail Road and extending the 7 train west of Times Square. He offered no new ideas on how to pay for those projects however. (Newsday)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green launched his radio advertising campaign yesterday with spots featuring former Police Commissioner William Bratton and former Mayor David Dinkins, both of whom have endorsed the public advocate's candidacy. (Daily News)

After six months of campaigning, the polls on the mayoral candidates remain the same. The lack of change in the polls may mean the race will be decided in the final days before the Sept. 11 primaries. (Daily News)

The mayor's race has turned to issues of taxes and economic development, as Republican Michael Bloomberg toured downtown Jamaica, Queens, and Democrats debated a tax cut.(Newsday)

City Comptroller Alan Hevesi reportedly tried to get the spending cap lifted in the Democratic primary race because of concern about running against billionaire Michael Bloomberg. Mark Guma, one of Hevesi's chief political advisers, asked the city's Campaign Finance Board to eliminate the $5.23 million spending cap for Democratic candidates because Bloomberg is already spending millions of dollars on television commercials. (NY Post)

During a campaign stop on Wall Street, Fernando Ferrer vowed to reinstate the most recent cut in the personal income-tax surcharge and said he would consider restoring a portion of the hotel-occupancy-tax cut. Ferrer labeled the Mayor Giuliani-backed reduction in the surcharge adopted last month as "trivial and superfluous," saying it saves the average New Yorker pennies a day, while depriving the city treasury of $180 million a year. (NY Post)

Peter Vallone pledged yesterday to make "values education" a hallmark of reform in the city's public schools. "I will put important values like respect and responsibility back into the classroom," the City Council speaker said. "I will make it a central tenet of my school reform." Other values to be part of the lesson plan: honesty, kindness, freedom and nonviolence. (Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi proposed yesterday putting five so-called mammogram vans on city streets to offer free - and potentially lifesaving - breast exams to uninsured women. Each van could provide more than 7,000 women with the breast cancer screening annually, Hevesi said. (Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Fernando Ferrer criticized the education plan of Republican hopeful Michael Bloomberg yesterday, calling the businessman's proposal to fix city public schools "amateur." (NY Post)

A city housing official who was one of Controller Alan Hevesi's top mayoral campaign fund-raisers has been removed from his post and reassigned pending an investigation. Officials in the Department of Housing Preservation and Development said the investigation of Fred Buzzeo, director of the department's Queens Anti-Abandonment Office, will seek to determine whether any of the $61,000 Buzzeo raised for Hevesi's campaign came from employees under his supervision or businesses that have contracts with the agency. (Daily News)

Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg has announced a sweeping plan to create at least 100,000 housing units and preserve 2.9 million existing ones. To accomplish this, Bloomberg would designate a deputy mayor as housing czar and "re-engineer" the Department of Buildings to expedite development. In addition, he would condemn privately owned vacant land for housing development; give tax incentives to builders who maximize the size of their developments; and turn city-owned waterfront land into new housing zones. Perhaps most radically, Bloomberg wants the city to seize buildings that have suffered chronic housing code violations and turn them over to responsible owners. (City Limits Weekly)

The director of a Queens office of the city's Department of Housing Preservation and Urban Development is being removed from his post while officials investigate whether any of the $61,040 in contributions he delivered to Alan Hevesi's mayoral campaign came from city employees he supervises or contractors who do business with his agency. The official, Fred Buzzeo, collected more than 130 donations for the comptroller last year, according to campaign finance records. City ethics rules ban workers from soliciting donations from their subordinates or from using any city-paid time or resources to collect donations. (New York Times)

Politicians took advantage of the Fourth of July holiday to press their campaigns. Favorite stops for mayoral hopefuls included the Coney Island Boardwalk and the Fourth of July parade in Staten Island. Among the highlights (if it can be called that): Public Advocate Mark Green tried to teach a parrot to say "Vote for Green." (New York Times)

Herman Badillo yesterday accused his Republican rival for mayor, Michael R. Bloomberg, of engaging in dirty tricks and a smear campaign against him. His opponent's representatives deny the charge. (NY Times) (Daily News)

City Council Speaker Peter F. Vallone, who has languished for months in the back of the Democratic pack, has begun to retool his low-flying campaign for mayor. The goal, Mr. Vallone's advisers say, is to find an issue that can galvanize his candidacy and change his image with voters, to the extent that voters have an image of him at all. (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi was endorsed by the state Public Employees Federation yesterday, but declined to say whether public employees should have the right to take contract disputes to binding arbitration.(Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg is taking heat in a political TV ad for suggesting that sanitation workers have more dangerous jobs than firefighters or cops. A Conservative Party ad unveiled yesterday rakes the Republican for the controversial comments. "Don't trash the Finest and the Bravest, Mr. Bloomberg," a voice says in the ad. (Daily News)

Republican mayoral candidates Herman Badillo and Michael Bloomberg face a first test of strength next week, when each submits voter signatures to get on the Sept. 11 primary ballot. Petition gatherers for both candidates have fanned out in the five boroughs in search of 7,500 signatures from registered city Republicans. Failure to deliver enough signatures to the city Board of Elections by midnight on July 12 will bump a candidate off the ballot. (Newsday)

Public Advocate Mark Green described himself as a "proud liberal" yesterday and set off a debate about the L-word. (NY Post)

Three mayoral candidates -- Peter Vallone, Mark Green, and Michael Bloomberg -- went to church yesterday looking for support in black congregations. (New York Times)

Only two of the six mayoral candidates - Democrat Alan Hevesi and Republican Mike Bloomberg - have run television commercials touting their candidacies. So far, this article argues, the commercials have failed to sell the product. (Daily News)

In a 70-minute interview, Republican mayor candidate Michael Bloomberg outlined his position on a number of city issues. He supports surveillance cameras in parks. He thinks pedestrian barriers to control jaywalking have not worked. He would push for salary increases for teachers, police officers and other public workers. And tax cuts will not be a priority. (New York Times)

Offering his position as a sane alternative to Mayor Giuliani's war on the Port Authority, Mark Green yesterday said that the agency's lease on the airports should be extended, but that the Authority should be restructured to allow it to help for such city projects as a Second Avenue Subway. (NY Times)

"It's nice being an incumbent. You can spend money in the name of the taxpayers, and then take credit for looking out for them." Examples: a Peter Vallone invitation, a Fernando Ferrer advertisement in the Amsterdam News, a Mark Green newsletter, an Alan Hevesi event at City Hall. (Newsday)

A number of key labor organizations, including the United Federation of Teachers, have not yet endorsed anyone in the mayor's race. This may partly be due to internal divisions in the municipal employee unions over whom to favor as well as fear of alienating the members' next boss. But some experts see groups as delaying their endorsements until they might do the most good. The teachers, for example, are expected to back Comptroller Alan Hevesi but could be waiting to do so until that announcement would give Hevesi the biggest boost, probably in August. (Newsday)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer formally announced his candidacy for mayor yesterday, making the speech on a South Bronx corner near where he grew up. Ferrer, who is hoping to attract a coalition of black and Hispanic voters, criticized Mayor Giuliani, calling the last eight years "the era of the clenched fist, the closed door, the locked gates at City Hall, the harsh rhetoric and mean-spirited policies that divide people and communities." And he assailed his Democratic opponents for saying "in effect, that they'll be Rudy lite, or Rudy with a smile, or a kinder, gentler Rudy." (Daily News)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer officially announces his run for mayor today in Huntspoint.(Newsday) (Read the full transcript)

The mayoral campaign of Michael Bloomberg has already hit some early bumps in the road, according to this Times article. Bloomberg has distanced himself from his own television ads. He praised the political skills of Hillary Rodham Clinton then recanted and began attacking her. And he gave an interview to gay newspapers in which he gave support to extending domestic-partnership benefits to employees of city contractors, but then appeared to back away from that position during the gay pride march. (NY Times)

Republican mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg yesterday pledged to appoint a deputy mayor and a special multi-agency task force to focus solely on affordable housing if he is elected. (NY Post)

City Comptroller Alan Hevesi said yesterday that on the major issues, there's virtually no difference between the four Democratic candidates for mayor - a remark that drew the wrath of his rivals. Hevesi unveiled a housing policy Council Speaker Peter Vallone accused of stealing from him.(NY Post)

Taking their cue from the role that black churches have played in past elections for African-American candidates, a group of Hispanic evangelical leaders who say they represent 350,000 voters announced yesterday that they were endorsing the Bronx borough president, Fernando Ferrer, for mayor of New York City. "It is a reality that we oppose gay marriages and abortion and that all the candidates support those issues," said the Rev. Adolfo Carrión, a respected figure among Hispanic evangelists in New York and the father of the City Council member with the same name. "But there are other things that are important in life, like the education of our children, and we have to be pragmatic." (NY Times)

A second Queens Assembly member, Ivan Lafayette from Jackson Heights, has bucked the borough's Democratic machine and endorsed Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer for mayor. (Daily News)

The six men vying to take over City Hall each reached to embrace the rainbow flag yesterday, as the Democratic and Republican mayoral candidates joined in the annual celebration of gay pride that once again turned a large swath of Midtown and Lower Manhattan into a pulsating, gyrating party. The main mayoral candidates, particularly the Democrats, agree on most of the gay issues facing the city today. (NY Times)

Michael R. Bloomberg, a Republican candidate for mayor, criticized one of his Democratic opponents Fernando Ferrer yesterday for suggesting blanket amnesty for illegal immigrants, saying that local politicians should stick to local issues (NY Times)

Mayoral candidates Alan Hevesi and Mark Green are returning about $77,000 in campaign contributions delivered in batches by a prominent New Jersey developer and a Manhattan hotel executive after ethical questions surfaced about the gifts. (NY Times)

Mayor hopeful Fernando Ferrer yesterday called for blanket amnesty for undocumented aliens - including an estimated half million in New York City - and blasted the nation's immigration policies as a "joke." (NY Post)

Bundlers, people who amass campaign contributions for a particular candidate, are playing a major role in this year's mayoral campaign. These collections, which are legal but under scrutiny because of the city's tough campaign finance law, have so far accounted for 43 percent of the money given to Comptroller Alan Hevesi's campaign and for 37 percent of contributions to Council Speaker Peter Vallone. Many of the bundlers have a link to city government. The biggest was Steve Spinola, president of the Real Estate Board, who lined up $176,775 for Vallone. (New York Times)

Democratic mayoral hopeful Alan Hevesi will return more than $25,000 in contributions raised by Vijay Dandapani, a hotel executive who in 1993 pleaded guilty and served a year in prison for his involvement in an international bank fraud scheme. (Daily News)

Investigators for Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau are talking to two business executives about their fund-raising efforts for Comptroller Alan Hevesi's mayoral campaign. The investigators are trying to determine whether donations were improperly "bundled," or collected from individuals without their knowledge or consent, a misdemeanor under state election law. One of the executives is Vijay Dandapani, chief operating officer of Apple Core Hotels, who has bundled more than $25,000 for Hevesi since 1999, according to campaign-finance records. Campaign Finance Board staff has asked Morgenthau to look into fund-raising by Democratic mayoral candidates Peter Vallone and Fernando Ferrer, but the investigation of Hevesi is farther along. One source told the Observer that Hevesi's fund-raising statements contain more possible discrepancies than those of his opponents. (New York Observer)

Public Advocate Mark Green charged yesterday that the mayor and police commissioner tainted, subverted and undermined the NYPD internal investigation of the four cops who fatally shot Amadou Diallo. (Daily News)

The mayoral agenda of candidate Michael Bloomberg may still be a work in progress, but he apparently has some distinct ideas about where the political press should be: far away from him. Bloomberg joked yesterday that he would like to see City Hall press room, commonly known as Room 9, moved to Staten Island. He has also suggested that the role of mayor should be something more akin to chief executive, which he now happens to be, than civic shepherd. (NY Times)

Though Fernando Ferrer is leading among Latinos, who make up about a quarter of the city's voting-age population, the other mayoral candidates are actively courting Latinos, who are seen as pivotal in the race. (NY Times)

Ferrer is gaining strength and Hevesi losing it, according to the latest poll, by NY-1, which reported Green at 23 percent; Ferrer, 21; Hevesi, 10; Vallone, 9. The poll found that each of the four would defeat Michael Bloomberg. (Daily News)

Democratic mayoral hopeful Alan Hevesi is paying people off the street $10 an hour to collect signatures to get his name on the ballot, breaking a longstanding tradition of using volunteers. (Daily News)

The NYC dailies have become a variation of Bloomberg News Service: Michael Bloomberg appeared for the first time in a debate with his Democratic rivals for mayor. (NY Post)

Michael Bloomberg said he would probably not move into Gracie Mansion if he wins the mayoralty of New York. (NY Post)

He has been on the campaign trail for merely a dozen days, but Michael Bloomberg already has shown that he can be a man of contradictions. Bloomberg characterized the city's campaign-finance program as giving "career politicians tax dollars to get a new job." Two days ago, he insisted the ad did not criticize his rivals or the system but merely stated why he was funding his own campaign. As the only major mayoral candidate who has never run for office, Bloomberg is a political neophyte - a fact he paints as an advantage. But his inexperience has left him vulnerable to misstatements and awkwardly delivered remarks. Yet in a race devoid of much star quality, Bloomberg is trying to fill the void. (Daily News)

Under attack by his Democratic opponents and proponents of campaign finance reform, Michael R. Bloomberg yesterday backed away from his criticism of the city's campaign finance program, in which all the major mayoral candidates except for Bloomberg are participating. (NY Times)

Republican mayoral hopeful Michael Bloomberg enjoyed an unusual, publicized sit-down yesterday with Board of Education president Ninfa Segarra, who then praised the billionaire media mogul's education plan. (NY Post)

Surrounded by men who have battled prostate cancer in recent years, Herman Badillo, Republican mayoral candidate, announced yesterday that 18 months ago he was told he had the same disease. (New York Times)

Michael Bloomberg faces two big obstacles as he seeks to become New York's second Republican mayor in a row. For one, he's not Rudy Giuliani. For another, he's not running against David Dinkins. (New York Observer)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer today launched a series of radio ads for his mayoral campaign that focus on his differences with Mayor Giuliani. (Newsday)

Michael Bloomberg's latest television ad highlights his not-quite rags-to-riches story. It relates how the Republican mayoral candidate went from being an accountant's son who parked cars to help pay his college expenses to billionaire media mogul. (Daily News)

Likening himself to John Kennedy, Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg told a London newspaper that his big bank account gives him an appeal and glamor his less wealthy opponents can't match. (Daily News)

Al Sharpton made it official yesterday that he's not running for mayor. In a jailhouse interview, Sharpton, who is serving time for trespassing on Navy land to protest the Navy bombing of the Puerto Rican island of Vieques, said he would, however, endorse a mayoral candidate. As for himself, Sharpton says he can have more impact on the national front and so is exploring a run for the White House (Newday)

Michael Bloomberg gave his first policy speech yesterday as a candidate for mayor, about education. He favors abolishing the Board of Education and handing over failing schools to private companies. He would require students to wear school uniforms, and order teachers or other school employees to make home visits to every student. (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green calls on the governor for ten million dollars to convert diesel school buses so that students with asthma are less at risk. (Daily News)

Senator John McCain said yesterday he disagreed with mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg's criticism of New York's campaign-finance program but would support his campaign anyway.(Daily News)

The four Democratic mayoral candidates jostled for support before the city's largest municipal union, District Council 37, last night. (Newsday)

Senator John McCain said he hopes to campaign for Michael Bloomberg in Ne York. (It is not clear whether McCain is aware of Bloomberg's stand against the public financing of campaigns) (Time)

The city's six major mayoral candidates courted Hispanic voters as they marched up Fifth Ave. yesterday in the annual National Puerto Rican Day Parade.(Daily News) (NY Times)

With all the mayoral candidates in agreement that fixing the schools is their No. 1 mission, they have been dueling for months to see who can find the most school crises, who noticed them first and who has the best answers. How would they fix the schools? Although the four Democrats largely agree about what needs to be done, each has a magic bullet that he uses in virtually every speech: Public Advocate Mark Green talks about how he'll shift money from jails to schools in order to lower class sizes. Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer calls for a 30 percent raise in teacher salaries. City Council Speaker Peter Vallone says he can increase education funding by $500 million a year using real estate tax revenues. City Comptroller Alan Hevesi wants to extend school into the evening, the weekend and even the summer. For Republican candidate Herman Badillo, it is to end "social promotions." Michael Bloomberg's first policy speech, Monday night, will be on education. (Newsday)

The Hispanic Society, the New York Police Department's oldest Hispanic officers organization, yesterday endorsed City Comptroller Alan Hevesi in his run for mayor, over the two Hispanic candidates in the race, Fernando Ferrer and Herman Badillo. (NY Post)

A group of the city's largest developers and landlords have pledged to raise $250,000 for each of the four major Democratic candidates for mayor. Contributions from brokers, developers, lawyers and landlords account for more contributions than any other single industry. (NY Times)

Billionaire mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg's third television commercial attacks the city's campaign finance program to which all five of his major rivals for mayor subscribe. "I'm not a professional politician, and I intend to finance my own campaign," he says in the commercial. Good-government groups accused him of taking the low road in attacking what is often held up as a model campaign finance program. (NY Times)

Billionaire Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg yesterday promised to release his tax returns next month - but his chief spokesman later backpedaled, promising only to release "financial disclosure" information that candidates must file by July.(NY Post)

Republican mayoral hopeful Herman Badillo discovered a year ago that he had prostate cancer. His spokesman showed letters from his doctors that he is now cancer-free and medically fit to serve as mayor. (NY Post)

Herman Badillo, Puerto Rican orphan turned first Puerto Rican Congressman, Bronx borough president, city commissioner, deputy mayor, formally announced his fourth run for mayor of New York City. The themes of his campaign will be crime reduction, educational reform and urban renewal. He challenged his rival for the Republican nomination, Michael Bloomberg, to weekly debates in English and Spanish. (NY Times)

In his second day of campaigning, Michael Bloomberg said that the race for mayor of New York City should be nonpartisan, that the candidates should appear without party affiliation on the ballot. "This is about delivering services, rather than ideology," he said. (NY Times)

Conservative Party chief Michael Long said a "real Republican" will step forward next week as the Conservative Party's mayoral candidate. That could siphon votes from Bloomberg, who would already lose against any of the Democratic candidates, according to the latest poll.(Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green still leading in latest poll. (Newsday)

In his first official day on the campaign trail, Republican mayoral candidate and billionaire Michael Bloomberg made an array of stops, visiting every borough but Brooklyn. The media mogul received lots of attention but at times demonstrated how new he is to politics. In an appearance at a city-funded senior center in Queens, one of the locales Mayor Giuliani has declared off-limits for Democratic candidates, Bloomberg said cryptically that "everybody is a human being, and I think we have forgotten that. We all want to watch TV and not talk to other people." More substantively, Bloomberg said he wanted to do for schools what Giuliani has done to crime. Bloomberg's challenger for the Republican nomination, Herman Badillo, is expected to formally announce his candidacy today. (Daily News)

Although the City's Uniformed Firefighters Association is not set to endorse Alan Hevesi's mayoral campaign until today at earliest, the union has already gathered at least $16,000 in contributions for the comptroller. Some of the money comes from investment advisers to firefighter and other city pension funds, a practice that could be banned under legislation pending before the City Council. City campaign finance records show that union vice president Michael Carter was an intermediary for donations made to Hevesi by executives at Alliance Capital Management and the Cypress Group, which handle millions of dollars in city pension funds. Carter and a campaign spokesman said the contributions are entirely legal. (New York Times)

The Republican primary for mayor of New York City lost all the tidiness that party leaders had hoped for yesterday as two men, Herman Badillo and Michael Bloomberg, one a perpetual candidate and the other a billionaire political neophyte, announced that they were entering a now messy, peculiar race. (NY Times)

Herman Badillo resigned yesterday as chairman of the City University of New York board of trustees, saying he wanted to focus his energy on campaigning for mayor. (Daily News)

Bloomberg has been trying to entice one of Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's deputies, Rudy Washington, to become his running mate as public advocate if he wins the GOP primary, sources say, a move that would racially integrate the ticket while promising continuity with Giuliani's administration. (Newsday)

Democratic mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi was eased through a Long Island Expressway traffic jam with an emergency siren sounding and lights flashing yesterday-in apparent violation of the law. Hevesi wasn't on city business, he was headed to a midday interview with Gabe Pressman on the mayoral race in a chauffeur-driven city car, his office confirmed.(Newsday)

The text of Michael Bloomberg's television commercial announcing his run for mayor, airing on NY1, WCBS-TV, WNYW-TV, WNBC-TV, WABC-TV & WB11:

"There's no place like New York -- I love this city. But we know, this town's a tough place to govern. A strong mayor at City Hall has made a big difference. Today, crime is down; New York City is doing better. My name is Mike Bloomberg - and I'm running for mayor -- to build on what's been accomplished -- not tear it down.

I've spent my whole adult life in New York City, raising a family, creating jobs, helping others. Managing. Teaching. Leading. My experience has taught me how to get things done: bring people together, solve problems; be honest, shoot straight; hold myself accountable for results. When you make a promise, you keep a promise.

Going back to politics as usual in New York City is crazy.

Together, we'll keep making progress on crime. And if we bring the same energy and same focus that made our streets safer and use it to improve public schools and public health care, this great city will be even better. Thank you."

As Michael Bloomberg begins his campaign for mayor, by running 60-second television ads today, Mayor Rudy Giuliani said he "would certainly know how to run the City of New York." (NY Times)

Mark Green greeted rival Michael Bloomberg's entry into the campaign with a "Dear Mike" letter yesterday, asking the billionaire why he left the Democrats to join "the party of George W. Bush and Dick Cheney." (Daily News)

Analysis of the race for mayor of New York City from a conservative perspective: "It was corruption that the New York City Democrats stood for even more than liberalism," and the reason why Giuliani won. So whoever the new mayor will be, while personally honest himself, he may usher in a new era of corruption. (Weekly Standard)

The Liberal Party has endorsed Alan Hevesi for mayor (NY Times)

The choice of Hevesi could create a three-way race in November and splinter the Democratic vote. The party also endorsed City Councilman Herbert Berman for comptroller and Assemblyman Scott Stringer for public advocate.(Daily News)

Mark Green marched with striking maintenance workers in East New York. (NY Post)

Michael R. Bloomberg, the Republican billionaire, plans to announce his candidacy for mayor on Tuesday in a 60-second television commercial on channels 2,4,5 and 7 in which he introduces himself to voters.(NY Times)

Peter Vallone officially announced his candidacy to be the mayor of New York City yesterday. (Daily News)

Billionaire Michael Bloomberg has been buying air time for a TV blitz that will begin Tuesday and last at least three days. (Daily News)

Comptroller Alan Hevesi insists his audits netted the city many millions of dollars in savings over his two terms, citing "recurring" benefits such as those from a major review of school-bus contracts. (Newsday)

Alan Hevesi's mayoral campaign commercials boast that as city comptroller he has tripled the number of audits and saved taxpayers millions. But a review of Hevesi's official filings shows his office's audit process may have cost the city more than it saved. (Newsday)

Governor George Pataki to declined to weigh in officially on the New York mayoral race, but aides reportedly say he is working behind the scenes with Michael Bloomberg. (NY Times)

Republican mayoral candidate Herman Badillo confirmed that an aide to Governor Pataki asked him to drop out of the race. But Badillo said he will run. (Daily News)

Reverend Floyd Flake endorsed mayoral hopeful Alan Hevesi yesterday and said the comptroller had received a "bad rap" in the black community. (NY Post)

Though still not formally announced, Michael Bloomberg walked and talked like a candidate this weekend, marching in three Memorial Day parades with Mayor Giuliani, and taking questions from reporters, who asked, for example, how much he would spend on his campaign. "If I were to run, I don't know how much I'm prepared to spend," he replied, but he made it clear he would not be part of the Campaign Finance Program. "I wouldn't say it's a trial run," he said of his public appearances. "But I will say that I don't think I've had a better Memorial Day weekend in my life." (NY Post)

Giuliani marched front and center with Michael Bloomberg in a Memorial Day parade yesterday, and heaped praise on him. "None of these things are signals that I've made a decision," he said, "but I do think that Michael Bloomberg has an advantage in that he has not spent his entire life in politics." (NY Post)

Badillo scoffed at the idea that the governor could make him drop out of the race for mayor: "I am trying to show that the Republican Party has room for everyone," he said. "I can make New York City into a two-party town not just for this election, but for the benefit of the governor next year and for Republican candidates in future years." (Daily News)

Liberal Party leader Ray Harding will announce his pick in the mayoral race next Saturday, and most insiders bet it will be city Comptroller Alan Hevesi. That would be mighty distressing news for media titan Michael Bloomberg. (NY Post)

Governor Pataki is trying to nudge fellow Republican Herman Badillo out of the city mayoral race to allow media mogul Michael Bloomberg to win the GOP nomination without a primary. (Daily News)

Mayoral candidates Alan Hevesi and Peter Vallone attacked one another over the budget, and who has been more accurate in projecting city revenues. (Daily News) (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Fernando Ferrer yesterday proposed putting the city's schools special commissioner of investigations under the direct control of the mayor, citing recent slip-ups in probing teacher misconduct and the need for greater accountability. (Daily News)

Likely Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg plans to donate $25,000 to the Queens County GOP - which endorsed him just last week (NY Post)

Conventional wisdom had been that Herman Badillo would end his bid for mayor if and when media billionaire Michael Bloomberg entered the race. But now the Badillo camp is indicating the former congressman is in the fray to stay, raising the prospect of a battle for the Republican mayoral nomination. Badillo could formally announce a $3 million campaign for the Republican mayoral nomination as soon as next week and is finalizing a lease on office space for his campaign. (Daily News)

Hank Morris may not need to earn big fees from his political consulting business money because, according to the Post but unbeknownst to almost everyone apparently, the chief political advisor to Alan Hevesi has been quietly serving as chairman and secretary of a Long Island-based company that writes annual reports and creates Web sites for companies across the country. The firm's clients includes the city's Housing Development Corp. (New York Post)

Hank Morris, the chief political advisor to City Comptroller Alan Hevesi, has told associates that he will not charge Hevesi the customary 10 to 15 percent commission on television commercials purchased on the comptroller's behalf. Under the city's campaign finance law, candidates must pay fair-market value for services they buy. Morris' apparent waiver of the fee raises new questions about the financial relationship between Hevesi and Morris. (New York Observer)

Mayoral candidates Mark Green, Fernando Ferrer, and Alan Hevesi are calling for the MTA to save the G subway line. (Newsday)

City Comptroller and mayoral hopeful Alan Hevesi warned yesterday that the sputtering economy may force cuts in city services. (Daily News)

A weekly paper for civil service employees reported that Alan Hevesi supports revamping the state law that bars government employees from striking. "If a private bakers union can go out on strike, why can't clerks go out on strike? Because they work for the government?" Hevesi reportedly said at a recent meeting. Hevesi spokeswoman Cathie Levine later said he didn't mean that service providers such as teachers, cops, firefighters and transit workers should be allowed to strike. (NY Post)

The meeting of the Queens Democratic Organization tomorrow night will ratify Democratic boss Thomas Manton's endorsement of Alan Hevesi for mayor and Helen Marshall for Queens borough president. Among the 14 candidates the machine is likely to choose to endorse for City Council seats (all seats in Queens have no incumbents) include: Tony Avella in Bayside (district 19), John Liu in Flushing (district 20), Peter Vallone Jr. in Astoria (district 22) David Weprin in Queens Village (district 21), Melinda Katz in Forest Hills (district 29). (Daily News)

Seeking to become the city's first Latino mayor, Fernando Ferrer is trying to awaken what his adviser Roberto Ramirez calls "the sleeping giant" - the Latino vote. But a May 2 Quinnipiac University poll showed him receiving just 38 percent of that vote. (Daily News)

At 71, Herman Badillo certainly could rest on his laurels as the nation's first Puerto Rican congressman and the city's first Puerto Rican borough president and Puerto Rican deputy mayor. But he'd rather be remembered as the first Latino mayor of New York. Many Latinos do not support him, though, because of his switch to the Republican Party. (NY Post)

Michael Bloomberg got his first official GOP endorsement yesterday, from the New York County Republican organization (headed by State Senator Roy Goodman) but, in an unusual move, he did not even show up for the public announcement. (NY Post)

Two of Peter Vallone's longest-serving allies on the City Council, Archie Spigner and Morton Povman, are reassessing their support of his mayoral candidacy in light of the Queens Democratic organization's decision to back city Comptroller Alan Hevesi for mayor. "I'm with Peter 100 percent," Povman said, "but I just can't let my club get hurt." (NY Post)

Councilwoman Helen Marshall will get the backing of the Queens Democratic Organization in her run for Queens borough president. (Daily News)

Peter Vallone is going ahead with his campaign for mayor, yesterday putting on a "brave face" at a gathering of Democratic Party faithful. But Queens Democratic boss Thomas Manton's decision to throw the weight of the county's political machine behind Alan Hevesi is seen as a blow to the campaign of Vallone, a mainstream Democrat who has long enjoyed the backing of party bosses. (Daily News)

Several Hispanic politicians condemned former Mayor David Dinkins' endorsement yesterday of Public Advocate Mark Green for mayor. The endorsement was seen as a blow to Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer's efforts to build a black-Latino coalition. "I think this is a very, very nasty situation," said Assemblywoman Carmen Arroyo (D-Bronx). (Daily News)

The mayor's race seems to be boiling down to a contest between Public Advocate Mark Green and City Comptroller Alan Hevesi. (Daily News)

The Reverend Al Sharpton's efforts to elect an African-American as Bronx borough president seem to be faltering. Only one black person - Councilman Lawrence Warden - has entered the race so far. Warden has said he would expect Sharpton's endorsement, but Sharpton has expressed reservations about Warden, citing the councilman's endorsement of Mayor Rudy Giuliani's 1997 re-election bid. (NY Times)

Former Mayor David Dinkins is expected to endorse Mark Green for Mayor. And Thomas Manton, the Queens Democratic leader, has decided to back Alan Hevesi over the other candidate from Queens, Peter Vallone. (NY Times)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green is making enemies with the United Federation of Teachers. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg will definitely run for Mayor, according to Liz Smith. (NY Post and Newsday)

The four Democratic mayoral hopefuls are backing a little-noticed bill that would force companies to provide benefits to domestic partners as a condition for doing business with the city - drawing outrage from some groups. (NY Post)

Ferrer and Sharpton meet to try to work out endorsement. (NY Times)

With growing signs that the Queens Democratic organization is going to back city Comptroller Alan Hevesi for mayor, City Council Speaker Peter Vallone is gearing up to circulate petitions with his own volunteers next month to make sure he appears on the Sept. 11 primary ballot. (Crain's NY)

At a mayoral forum sponsored by the United Federation of Teachers at their convention, all four major Democratic candidates attacked the current mayor' s educational policies and said that the teachers deserve a raise. (NY Times)

But Mark Green was reportedly booed when he said that part of the increase should be in the form of incentives for teachers who choose to work in tough schools, have extra credentials or mentor less-experienced colleagues. Green also said he would make the reduction of the number of students in a class his number one priority in office (Daily News)

In the second official debate among the four major Democratic candidates for mayor of New York -- what is calculated to be their 65th joint appearance - Alan Hevesi and Peter Vallone did most of the battling, over taxes. Hevesi supports looking into an income tax surcharge to subsidize improvements in education; Vallone is opposed. (NY Times)

Michael Bloomberg has bought up a slew of domain names like so that his critics cannot create anti-Bloomberg Web sites using those sites. (NY Times)

Comptroller Alan Hevesi says the New York State Legislature killed the commuter tax, costing the city $360 million a year in lost taxes, in part as a way of "sticking it in Rudy Giuliani's eye," because they do not like him. This would not have happened, Hevesi said, if he had been mayor. (NY Post)

The risks of a campaign based on ethnic politics are different from what they were 20 years ago, as Fernando Ferrer has discovered in the wake of the fiasco over the Rev. Al Sharpton's statement that he would endorse Ferrer only if Ferrer promised to endorse only blacks for two other political offices. Ferrer was forced to reject this demand. Now Sharpton is talking to his opponents. (NY Times)

The presumed alliance between Fernando Ferrer and Rev. Al Sharpton appears to be fraying before it jelled. At issue is Sharpton's reported requirement that mayoral candidate Ferrer endorse two black candidates for city posts in return for Sharpton's support. Sharpton said he was justified in making such demands of Ferrer because the Bronx borough president has said he wants to build a black-Latino coalition in New York. (New York Times)

Fernando Ferrer said he would make any endorsement on the merits of the candidates involved and not on race. But when asked by the Daily News editorial board if he would accept Rev. Al Sharpton's endorsement of his mayoral bid in return for Ferrer's endorsement of two black candidates for other posts, the Bronx borough president said, "I don't answer 'what if' questions." (Daily News)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer has picked up some impressive supporters in his campaign for mayor, including State Controller Carl McCall and onetime vice presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro. But he's not doing as well in the Bronx where a number of prominent politicians have endorsed other candidates. (Daily News)

The Rev. Al Sharpton said that he would support Fernando Ferrer only if he publicly pledged to endorse black candidates running for Bronx borough president and city comptroller. (NYTimes)

Fernando Ferrer reported called former Mayor David Dinkins to explain why he dodged a question during Sunday's mayoral debate: How would he vote in a race among Dinkins, Ed Koch and Rudy Giuliani? (Daily News)

Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker, a prominent clergyman and former chief of staff to the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., said he was backing Fernando Ferrer for Mayor. Walker is a close ally of the Rev. Al Sharpton, who several Mayoral candidates have been courting. (Daily News)

In their first televised debate, the four Democratic mayoral candidates gave a fairly uniform view of where the city should go in the next few years, although differences, over funding for stadiums and disciplining the four police officers who killed Amadou Diallo, did emerge. (New York Times)

Excerpts from the debate. (Daily News)

The mayoral debate may not have been great television, but it showed the four Democratic contenders as they really are. (New York Times)

During the debate, each of the four Democratic candidates used some of his favorite sound bites and cited how his current office prepared him for Gracie Mansion. (Newsday)

Peter Vallone went on the offensive in the first televised Democratic mayoral debate, touting his experience as City Council speaker. (Daily News)

The Daily News' Michael Kramer, one of the debate's moderators, writes that Council Speaker Peter Vallone, who, he says, seemed knowledgeable and uncharacteristically articulate, won on points. (Daily News)

Likening the mayoral debate to "watching a train going backward," Mayor Rudolph Giuliani said that after about four minutes he turned the Democrats off to watch ESPN. (New York Post)

If elected mayor, Alan Hevesi says his police commissioner could be former commissioner Bill Bratton, who has endorsed Mark Green; Philadelphia police commissioner John Timoney; current commissioner Bernard Kerik; former commissioner Ray Kelly; or current first deputy Joe Dunne. (Newsday)

Assemblyman Adriano Espaillat (D-Manhattan), a popular Dominican politician, announced his support for Fernando Ferrer, boosting the Bronx borough president's effort to unite the Hispanic community behind his mayoral bid. After Puerto Ricans, Dominicans are the second largest Hispanic group in the city. (Daily News)

Alan Hevesi, Peter Vallone, Michael Bloomberg and Herman Badillo all appeared before Liberal Party leaders in a bid to get the group's mayoral endorsement. The three others attacked Bloomberg, who, although not a declared candidate, is thought likely to enter the race as a Republican. Mark Green and Fernando Ferrer are not seeking the Liberal Party nod. (Daily News)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer is counting on Hispanic support in his bid to become the first Hispanic mayor of New York. But while most Hispanics would prefer Ferrer, who is Puerto Rican, to the other candidate, there is a question of how many Hispanics will turn out to vote and just how enthusiastic Hispanics from places other than Puerto Rico will be about the Bronx borough president. (New York Times)

Alan Hevesi may not be as staid as generally thought, but he's happy to exploit his boring image. He says, "The public wants somebody who's very serious. These are serious times, and they want a serious mayor." (New York Post)

Controller Alan Hevesi returned approximately $63,000 in contributions to his mayoral campaign from Interstate Industrial Corp., a New Jersey construction company under investigation for having ties to organized crime. Last year, the city suspended $85 million in contracts with the corporation. (Daily News)

Mayor Giuliani's $39.5 budget has robbed the other mayoral candidates from making the kind of freewheeling campaign spending promises of past political campaigns. (NY Times)

City Comptroller Alan Hevesi said the city needs a long-term energy policy to curb high electricity prices and to prevent energy shortages from happening in New York. (Daily News)

Public Advocate Mark Green urged the city yesterday to establish educational programs for firefighting at two high schools and two community colleges to increase the number of minority group members in the FDNY. (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg beat out Libertarian Party candidate Kenny Kramer (the West Sider whose claim to fame is that he is model for a character on the television show "Seinfeld") for the endorsement of the Independece Party. (Daily News)

The latest Quinnipiac University poll shows Mark Green leading the pack of Democratic mayoral contenders with 33 percent of likely voters saying they would vote for the public advocate. Comptroller Alan Hevesi and Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer each get the nod from 17 percent of those polled, while Council Speaker Peter Vallone trails with 13 percent. The poll found Hevesi had moved up 8 percent in the last month, perhaps owing to his television ad campaign. (NY Post)

City funds will finance Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer's trip to Vieques to protest the U.S. Navy's bombing of the Puerto Rican island. The cost of the trip is unknown but aides say the money for it will come from city moneys allotted to borough presidents. (Newsday)

Former Mayor Ed Koch endorsed Speaker Peter Vallone for mayor saying that the council speaker was the candidate most likely to "build on my record and the record of Mayor Giuliani." (Daily News)

Mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg has $4 billion on paper, but according to a new poll New Yorkers do not seem impressed by the media mogul's chances as Mayor. According to a Daily News/New York 1 News poll 59 percent of those surveyed said they had no opinion of Bloomberg. The poll was not necessarily good news for Democratic candidates either. A third of those polled said the Democratic candidates are so similar, it doesn't matter who wins the primary. (Daily News)

Today, Former Mayor Ed Koch is expected to endorse City Council Speaker Peter Vallone for mayor.

Mayoral candidate Fernando Ferrer reportedly returned $14,250 in donations from questionable sources. (NY Post)

Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani's latest strategy in his newest, most favorite sport - making mischief in the race for his successor - seems to be to bolster the fortunes of one Democratic candidate, City Council Speaker Peter F. Vallone, and to continue to harm another, City Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi. (NY Times)

With the Rev. Al Sharpton at his side, Fernando Ferrer said yesterday that he would go to Puerto Rico later this week to protest the United States Navy bombings on the island of Vieques. But Mr. Ferrer, a Democratic candidate for mayor, said he would not join other protesters in attempts to be arrested. (NY Times)

Media mogul and possible mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg said yesterday he would support privatizing failing public schools - marking his first stand on a controversial issue since he started toying with running for office. (Daily News)

Public Advocate Mark Green plans to release a report at a press conference in his office this morning at 11 a.m. assessing the Administration for Children's Services after five years, which reveals continuing dangers to children from abuse, neglect and poor supervision. Accompanying him will be a father whose child died in foster care.

At the same time, Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer will hold another press conference on the steps of City Hall concerning the bombing in Vieques.

At a press conference on the steps of City Hall at 11:30, New York City Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi will receive the endorsement of the Haitian Evangelical Clergy Association, which represents 150 Haitian churches in the city.

Elected officials throughout the city admit to having a great deal of difficulty in choosing whom to endorse in this year's Democratic primary for mayor. Most have good relationships with all four candidates, and there is no clear frontrunner. (NY Times)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer will be on the steps of City Hall this morning at 11:30 accompanied by Al Sharpton to condemn the Bush Administration's decision to resume bombing on the island of Vieques, a small island off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico. Over the weekend, Ferrer called on Public Advocate Mark Green, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi, and City Council Speaker Peter Vallone to join him for another news conference later this week condemning the action.

Michael Bloomberg may not yet be an official mayoral candidate, but he is already traveling with an entourage. At his first campaign-style appearance last week, on Staten Island, the billionaire businessman showed up with four political aides in tow: spokesman Bill Cunningham, a veteran political strategist; former Bloomberg columnist Jonathan Capehart, now a campaign issues adviser; ex-Vallone aide Kathy Cudahy, also an issues adviser; and former Giuliani political operative Vinnie La Padula, a field coordinator. (Crain's NY Business)

Kenny Kramer, a former stand-up comic who was the real-life inspiration for the character from the sitcom Seinfeld, was nominated by the Libertarian Party yesterday as their candidate for mayor of New York. (NY Post)

Public Advocate Mark Green says he's prepared to scuttle any last-minute contracts Mayor Giuliani signs that lock in the next mayor, but aren't in the "public interest." Giuliani said this week he's intent on signing contracts with the Yankees and Mets, and possibly even the Jets, for new sports arenas before his term expires on December 31. Green conceded it would be tough to overturn a legitimate deal. (NY Post)

Mayoral candidate Mark Green gathers endorsements from two police advocacy groups: 100 Latinos in Law Enforcement and 100 Blacks in Law Enforcement. (Daily News)

In one of the first direct clashes between Democratic mayoral candidates, Council Speaker Peter Vallone attacked Public Advocate Mark Green for being too critical of police and for trying to hide his "ultraliberal roots." (New York Times)

Peter Vallone has a new web site: If that sounds familiar, it should: "mebq" is his rival Alan Hevesi' slogan ("most experienced, best qualified"). Hevesi's campaign web site is at "" (Daily News)

Public Advocate Mark Green officially declared that he will run for Mayor and promised to cut school class sizes, create new jobs, and advocate for public transportation. (New York Times)

As the mayoral races heats up, the candidates are finding that ethnic politics are growing more complicated. (Village Voice)

Alan Hevesi seems to be everywhere as he campaigns for mayor and tries to alter a perception that he is too easy on Mayor Giuliani and too indifferent to the demands and concerns of the city's minorities. (New York Times)

Michael Bloomberg has already made clear that he will not participate in public financing. Now, he says, if elected mayor, he will forgo the $195,000 annual salary. "I've thought about this, and if I were mayor, I wouldn't take more than $1 a year from the city." That is because he considers being mayor of New York one of the four best jobs in the world. The other three are president of the United States, president of the World Bank, and secretary-general of the United Nations, and those three are taken. (Newsweek)

"After a decade of division by race, by class, by ethnicity and by borough, it is now essential we unite as a city," Mark Green told about 250 worshipers at St. Luke African Methodist Episcopal Church on Amsterdam Avenue in another busy Sunday for all four Democratic mayoral candidates. "We have to cross racial and class lines to speak to one New York." Green plans to announce formally for mayor tomorrow. (NY Times)

Mayor Rudolph Giuliani has touted workfare as a way to "end welfare," and he has taken pride that the number of New Yorkers receiving assistance has fallen by more than 50 percent since 1993, the year before he took office. Under workfare, welfare recipients are required to work part time at unpaid jobs for a few months at a time in exchange for their benefits. But the four leading Democrats vying to replace Giuliani as mayor all agree the system will not succeed in the long run unless it helps people receive job training or education while on welfare. All four said they would retain workfare, but modify it in various ways, and would let recipients substitute an internship, vocational training or a part-time job for a workfare stint. The Giuliani administration forbids such substitutions in the belief that workfare fosters a work ethic missing from the lives of many welfare recipients. (Newsday)

Comptroller Alan Hevesi's efforts to appeal to black voters got a boost yesterday from Congressman Charles Rangel, who invited the mayoral candidate to join him in a bash-the-mayor session in Harlem. (Daily News)

Public Advocate Mark Green and his wife earned $419,337 last year, according to tax returns he released yesterday. The combined earnings of Green and his wife, Deni Frand, a public relations executive, top those of his three main rivals for the Democratic mayoral nomination. The Greens' earnings nearly match the $458,683 income reported by Mayor Giuliani and his estranged wife, Donna Hanover. The reported joint earnings of the other three Democratic candidates and their wives are as follows: Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer, $216,680; Controller Alan Hevesi, $207,080, and Council Speaker Peter Vallone, $173,755. (Daily News)

For decades, political candidates have blurred - if not crossed - the lines between their dual roles as public officials and candidates, using the clout and government resources at their disposal to remind voters to keep them in office. But nowhere, perhaps, has the distinction between candidate and official become murkier than in this year's mayoral race. In recent weeks there have been staged events that clearly stretch the boundaries of office duties, as the candidates at times use city staff or staff-prepared reports, mailings and other city-financed products to help them get their names out there at little or no cost to their campaigns. (NY Times)

Mayor Rudy Giuliani attacked mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi for what the mayor said were attacks on the Police Department, and for his ill-advised refusal to rule out a tax increase to pay for improvements in schools. Giuliani also made it clear that his staff and supporters were not to give Mr. Hevesi's campaign any political or financial support. (NY Times)

Trying to build backing for his likely mayoral bid as a Republican, Michael Bloomberg has been talking with associates of Lenora Fulani, "Marxist perennial fringe candidate," about landing the endorsement of the city Independence Party, both camps confirmed yesterday. Three of the four Democratic candidates (all but Peter Vallone) have ruled out seeking the party's endorsement, as did Hillary Clinton during her campaign for senator. (Daily News)

Mayoral hopeful Fernando Ferrer pledged to cut working students' tuition by half at the City University of New York's community colleges, as he charged that Mayor Giuliani's reforms have abandoned minority students. Of the mayor's push to end open admissions and remedial education, Ferrer said "I don't think he ever meant to raise the standards. "I think he meant, 'Shut the door.' " (Daily News)

Mayor Giuliani lately has been attacking the Democratic candidates for mayor, defending his legacy, and hinting of his like for, and likely endorsement of, likely Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg. (Daily News)

City Comptroller Alan Hevesi approved the investment of $130 million in city pension funds in a private equity fund controlled by one of his top financial supporters in 1998, even though the company was only three years old and had little in the way of a track record. (New York Observer)

As Fernando Ferrer takes on his second campaign for mayor, he is using a far different approach from his three main rivals for the Democratic nomination. In his effort to become the city's first mayor of Puerto Rican descent, he is aiming squarely at what he considers the missteps and missed opportunities of the Giuliani administration, portraying it as tone deaf to the city's minority and less-affluent residents. They are so left out of the benefits of Giuliani's New York, Ferrer says, that they make up a second New York: "Measure what has happened during the past eight years. Measure it by the deep divisions in our city today - the divide between our police force and the communities they serve; the educational divide that robs our children; the economic divide, prevalent in communities of color, a divide widened by the injustices and lack of opportunity in communities like the Bronx all across this town." (NY Times)

Alan Hevesi has spent so little on his campaign that his rivals for mayor have asked the Campaign Finance Board to scrutinize his finances. Though by January Hevesi had raised a total of $6.1 million, compared to only $3.5 million by each of his three rivals, he reported spending only $402,565 since the election cycle began in 1998. Peter Vallone, by comparison, had spent $996,665 by mid-January; Fernando Ferrer, $894,408; Mark Green, $651,012 (NY Times )

On Monday night at Gracie Mansion, Mayor Giuliani, a Republican, flirted openly with Michael R. Bloomberg, the billionaire Democrat-turned-Republican who is in fervent pursuit of the mayor's support. "Michael, welcome to Gracie Mansion," Giuliani teased, singling out the likely candidate from the crowd during formal remarks at a reception. (NY Times)

RFK Jr. and Mark Green in Bed-Stuy. Green's 22-page report, "Community Entrepreneurial Development," which was released yesterday, called for spreading out economic development dollars among all five boroughs. Government money is concentrated in Manhattan, he said. He proposed appointing a deputy mayor for economic and community development and called for job creation in neighborhoods such as Bedford-Stuyvesant and East New York in Brooklyn and Far Rockaway in Queens. (Daily News)

Fifty-eight percent of New Yorkers in a poll conducted for the Post said they want the next mayor to follow Giuliani's path, while 39 percent said they favor a change in direction. (NY Post)

Michael Bloomberg, this divorced billionaire with an Upper East Side townhouse, an art-filled London home, a house in Bermuda, a weekend place in Westchester, a private plane, and a company helicopter he flies himself, thinks he should be the next mayor of New York. And though it's hard to imagine a man who has a box at Ascot and is driven around town in a chauffeured gray Cadillac Fleetwood working the kielbasa circuit, he insists he's looking forward to visiting senior-citizen centers in the Bronx and shaking hands on the Staten Island ferry. Ask him if he ever rides the subway, and he reaches for his wallet and triumphantly pulls out a MetroCard. Michael Bloomberg, regular guy? "I like meeting people," he says. "I love people. Although I'm sure if I run, by the end of the summer, I'll say I miss the old days, when I could play golf on the weekend." Bloomberg's quest to be the first billionaire ever to run an American city is a civics lesson in how the rich do things differently. (New York Magazine)

Profile of Fernando Ferrer, who is positioning himself as the "anti-Rudy" candidate (NY Post)

The Kings Highway Democratic Club of Brooklyn, which twice backed Giuliani for mayor, is poised to back Mark Green. (Daily News)

Democratic mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi cut his ties yesterday to Bruce Teitelbaum, Mayor Giuliani's top political aide and a Hevesi supporter who had suggested in The Jewish Week that Jews would not be welcome at City Hall if Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer were elected mayor. (Daily News)

Hevesi to Bloomberg: Show us your taxes. (NY Times)

An aide to the mayor, Bruce Teitelbaum, said that the election of Fernando Ferrer as mayor would be bad for the Jews. 'I think what we're seeing now is that if Ferrer wins, his administration will be stocked with David Dinkins retreads,' said Teitelbaum, Giuliani's former chief of staff, who now runs his political action committee. 'If you ask leading figures in the Jewish community who are engaged in social services about how they were treated during the Dinkins administration, they will say 'not well,' ' said Teitelbaum. 'Why would it be different now that key players in the Dinkins administration are rearing their heads in a possible Ferrer administration?' (The Jewish Week)

The Ferrer camp rebuked Teitelbaum for being divisive, but so did Alan Hevesi, for whom Teitelbaum has raised funds.(Newsday)

"Peter Fortunate Vallone's early strategy is to present himself as the only candidate who has the hands-on executive experience for the job. He is the one, he says, who has ruled 51 irascible City Council members with a forceful hand, and who has at times managed to calm down a high-strung mayor. He is also the one, he says, who has been involved in every important issue of city government for the past quarter-century, and who has shepherded crucial legislation, like the city's campaign finance and antismoking laws, through a more relevant Council." One big obstacle for Vallone "may be proving that a man with a reputation as a cautious, clubhouse- style politician has the fire to do the job." He is certainly capable of being not-so-nice when assessing his rivals: On City Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi, "What does Alan do besides paying bills?" On Mark Green, the public advocate, whom Mr. Vallone said he liked, "I'm probably the only one who does." And later, "Mark just criticizes, issues press releases, but is not involved in day-to-day government." On Fernando Ferrer of the Bronx, "I made Freddy borough president." (NY Times)

Green: Make downtown Brooklyn an economic hub of New York. (NY Times)

This week, all four major Democratic mayoral candidates have been trying to persuade voters they would keep crime down while also easing tension between the police and the public. Yesterday, Saikou Diallo -- the father of Amadou Diallo, the unarmed immigrant vendor who died in 1999 after police fired 41 bullets at him --appeared with Public Advocate Mark Green to praise his record on speaking out against police abuse and to support his plan for reform. He said he was not there to endorse his candidacy. "This isn't political." (Newsday) (NY Post)

Former mayoral candidate Ruth Messinger and one-time vice presidential nominee Geraldine Ferraro endorsed Fernando Ferrer for mayor, as did Congresswoman Nydia Velazquez and Hazel Dukes, former New York chapter president of the NAACP. Since Ferraro was once a Congresswoman from Queens, her endorsement was seen as something of a slap against Alan Hevesi. Messinger's criticism of Hevesi was explicit, for not giving her adequate support in her 1997 bid. (Daily News)

"The Mark Green who presents himself to voters this time is not exactly the same Mr. Green who has been such a provocative and colorful - his critics would say abrasive - figure in New York public life for so long, the proponent of the liberal wing of his party, the inexhaustible tormentor of Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani. In a noticeable and what advisers say is a deliberate way, Mr. Green, at the age of 56, is recasting himself in this, his first campaign for mayor. He is striving to come across as more mature and measured in his temperament, and a bit less liberal in his views" (NY Times)

Although he has been the city's chief fiscal officer for the past seven years, Alan Hevesi's mayoral campaign has given almost equal emphasis to the 108 laws he passed in the state Assembly during his 22 years there as evidence that he's fit to succeed Mayor Giuliani. (NY Post)

Fernando Ferrer announced a plan to keep all of New York City 200 public middle schools open until 6 p.m. every weekday for after-school academic and recreational activities, at a cost of about $100 million, a quarter of which he would raise from private corporations and foundations.

Michael Bloomberg inches closer toward a mayoral run, leasing midtown office space for campaign headquarters and registering an exploratory committee with the Board of Elections.(NY Post)

The leader of a New York abortion rights group said yesterday that she might endorse a candidate in the Democratic mayoral primary this year, even though all four major candidates have nearly identical positions on the issue. Kelli Conlin, the executive director of the New York affiliate of the National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League said she wanted to be sure, for example, that the candidates were committed to ensuring that medical residents at city hospitals were trained in abortion procedures. (NY Times)

All four major Democratic candidates for mayor participated in Principal for a Day. Would-be Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg declined the invitation. Upon learning that his rivals all accepted, his spokesman said "The reading scores will go down again." (NY Times)

Mayor Giuliani denounced Alan Hevesi for his new television advertisement pledging to stop racial profiling by New York police officers, claiming it is factually incorrect and an insult to the police department. (NY Times)

A new poll by Quinnipiac College since Hevesi has spent a million dollars airing commercials shows a gain of five percentage points, though he is still behind. Mark Green, 28 percent; Fernando Ferrer, 19 percent; Alan Hevesi, 14 percent; Peter Vallone, 13 percent. (Daily News)

Media mogul Michael Bloomberg has snared one of Mayor Giuliani's top political operatives for his possible campaign for mayor, Vincent Lapadula, 29, chief of staff to Deputy Mayor Joe Lhota and a veteran of two Giuliani campaigns. (NY Post)

All four major Democratic mayoral candidates are courting the black vote, which could be decisive in the race. (Newsday)

At the urging of Public Advocate Mark Green, he and the three other Democratic candidates for mayor "each vowed yesterday to uphold the spirit of the city's campaign finance law by discouraging independent groups from paying for television advertisements or other public promotions on their behalf." (NY Times) It was the same pledge that Hillary Rodham Clinton and Rick Lazio made for last year's race for the U.S. Senate (Daily News)

4/2 Officially not yet announced as a candidate for mayor of New York, Michael Bloomberg, media mogul, is quoted as telling Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon on a current trip to Israel: "Am I running? Probably. Will I win? Not a chance." (Newsweek)

It was a busy Sunday of campaigning yesterday for the four major Democratic mayoral candidates. In various press conferences and appearances, Alan Hevesi called on Congress to restore funding to reduce class sizes; Peter Vallone proposed a plan to subsidize drug prescriptions for the elderly; Fernando Ferrer called for a strengthening of the Civilian Complaint Review Board; Mark Green called for a new law to improve the way drug prices are posted in pharmacies. (NY Post)

At a forum in front of members of the Service Employees International Union (which includes health care workers), the four major Democratic candidates for mayor "made a full-throttled appeal for the backing of New York labor, calling for more money for home health care workers, denouncing the policies of Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani and promising, if elected, to walk picket lines in support for unions trying to organize during the next four years." (NY Times)

Of the major candidates for mayor, only Peter Vallone says he has never smoked marijuana. Ferrer, Hevesi and Badillo all give a variation of: they smoked it once and didn't like it. Green will not say, but 30 years ago he did call the "joint-to-junkie myth" a "scare tactic." (Newsday)

Peter Vallone is making his commitment to city schools a centerpiece of his mayoral campaign. His alternative budget, released yesterday, calls for $548 million more for education than Giuliani has. But it is dependent on the New York State Legislature dedicating real estate taxes for education and abolishing the Board of Education, and even Vallone's allies say Albany is unlikely to do that. (NY Times)

Twenty-six years ago, as a young member of the New York State Assembly, Alan Hevesi tried to make marijuana legal for New Yorkers over the age of 18. (NY Observer)

Michael Bloomberg took steps to counter the news that he and his firm were sued for sexual harassment. In a statement, he announced that he took a polygraph test, which demonstrated he was truthful in his denials of such allegations. He called three old lawsuits "out-and-out extortion."(NY Times)

The Rev. Al Sharpton said yesterday that while he enjoyed being courted by Democrats seeking his endorsement, he still had not ruled out a run for mayor. "I will not make a decision until April." (Newsday)

The New York Young Republican Club endorsed Herman Badillo for mayor. (Daily News)

Contrary to the way the Times has covered him, Wayne Barrett of the Village Voice says, Alan Hevesi is separating himself from Giuliani, , and attaching himself to the United Federation of Teachers. (Village Voice)

There is rising concern among the four Democratic candidates for mayor of New York about how serious a threat the candidacy of billionaire communications mogul Michael R. Bloomberg might be in a general election campaign. (NY Times)

The Greens and the Sharptons attend opening night of "Judgment at Nuremburg" together (Daily News)

Teenagers have trouble finding jobs in New York City, Alan Hevesi said, and he wants to do something about it. Only 20 percent of people age 16 to 19 were employed in 1998 (the last year statistics are available) compared to 45 percent nationwide. Hevesi proposed tax incentives for businesses to create jobs and fill them with young people. (NY Post)

Both Peter Vallone and Mark Green reacted to a report in the Daily News yesterday that subway ridership reached 1.38 billion last year, and the subways are more crowded than ever. Vallone called for hearings into subway crowding. Green called for a Subway Riders Bill of Rights, which would include a refund of the fare for anybody who had to wait for a train more than half an hour.(Daily News)

Herman Badillo criticized Michael Bloomberg, his likely rival for the Republican nomination for mayor. "He has never issued a position on anything, and he has no background in city, state or federal government.The only reason for him running is that he can afford it."(Daily News)

Peter Vallone and Alan Hevesi disagree over how to pay for improvements to the city's schools. Hevesi proposes the possibility of a tax increase for those earning more than $1 million a year. Vallone said new taxes would not be necessary. (NY Times)

But he did say he would dedicate the city's real-estate taxes to education. The two were among five candidates for mayor (the four leading Democrats and Herman Badillo) at a forum on education. (NY Post)

Though Alan Hevesi and Mark Green are similar in many ways --Jewish, with advanced academic degrees, supporters of abortion and gay rights, and opponents of the death penalty -- the recent attack and counter-attack over campaign financing comes as no surprise to those who know of their history.(Newsday)

Peter Vallone next week will propose boosting tax rebates for co-op and condominium owners. (NY Post)

Twenty-five weeks before the Democratic primary, Alan Hevesi is launching the first television commercials of the race for mayor. The initial ad is biographical, and sprinkled with Hevesi's quirky campaign slogan, "mebq" - more experienced, better qualified. (Daily News)

In the first heated exchange of the mayoral race, city Controller Alan Hevesi called on front-runner Mark Green yesterday to disclose fully how much cash Green's millionaire real estate brother Steve Green has raised for the campaign. (Daily News) Green attacked Hevesi for going negative. (Newsday)

Where is Queens Democratic boss Tom Manton on the mayoral race? No one seems to know, and he is the only Democratic county leader not to endorse one of the four major candidates for mayor this year. The topic popped up yesterday when Assemblyman John Lavelle, Staten Island Democratic chairman, endorsed Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer for mayor. (Newsday)

Hevesi has unveiled his plan to improve the city's public school system, by calling for a tax increase if necessary to help pay for higher teacher salaries, new school construction and reductions in class size. (NY Times) The teachers union likes his plan. (Daily News) His rivals have similar proposals, since education has become Topic A in the race for mayor. (Newsday)

An advocacy group against the death penalty calls for Speaker Peter Vallone to allow for a vote by the City Council to call on the State Legislature to put a moratorium on the death penalty in New York. Vallone and Ferrer support the death penalty; Ferrer has come out for a moratorium. Green and Hevesi oppose the death penalty. (Newsday) The mayor and the members of the City Council have no actual power to enact or defeat any measures on capital punishment, which is determined on a state level.

Declaring that New York City was heading largely in the right direction under Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, Alan G. Hevesi announced his candidacy for mayor yesterday. He lamented the condition of New York's public schools while praising its police force as he sought to make his case for winning the Democratic nomination to succeed a popular Republican mayor. (NY Times) (Daily News)

City Comptroller Alan Hevesi received more than $40,000 in campaign contributions from contractors building a water tunnel for the city while his office was auditing the project (NY Post)

Alan Hevesi is planning to announce his candidacy for mayor formally today in a midtown hotel. (NY Times) (NY Post) (Daily News)

Critics blasted a mailing by City Council Speaker Peter Vallone to an estimated one million homes, at a cost to the taxpayers of $300,000, as a veiled campaign ad at public expense for Vallone's bid for the Democratic mayoral nomination. (Newsday)

The four Democratic mayoral candidates do about six forums a week together (Crain's NY Business)

In a profile of undeclared Republican mayoral candidate Michael Bloomberg (who declined to be interviewed), David Saltonstall paints a picture of an incautious, in-your-face maverick who has no experience with "consensus-building" in the public sector, but who has assembled a daunting team, and has four billion dollars in the bank. He has begun to campaign here and there, and is holding "get-to-know-you meetings with a broad range of city powerbrokers." (Daily News)

Of the major candidates for mayor, only Peter Vallone marched in the St. Patrick's Day Parade. The three other Democratic candidates stayed away because the parade organizers again banned gay and lesbian Irish from participating as a group. Undeclared Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg also did not attend.(Daily News)

Alan Hevesi is trying to line up more support from African-Americans (Daily News)

The fees that the Democratic mayoral candidates are paying their political consultants vary, according to filings at the Campaign Finance Board. David Doak, Peter Vallone's consultant, had not received any payments as of the most recent filing deadline, January 16. David Axelrod said that his monthly retainer for his client Fernando Ferrer will be $3,000 a month. Hank Morris charges his client Alan Hevesi an average of $5,000 a month. Hank Sheinkopf is charging Mark Green $10,000 a month. Green aides say Sheinkopf's fee is higher because he was hired as a political adviser, not a media consultant, and thus will not get paid the going rate of six to ten percent of the TV ad campaign. (Crain's NY Business)

The four major Democratic candidates are beginning to make veiled attacks against one another in an effort to differentiate themselves to voters. (Daily News)

The Gay and Lesbian Independent Democrats, the Democratic club that mayoral candidates Alan Hevesi and Mark Green tried to pack with supporters (many of them straight), in hopes of influencing its endorsement, voted narrowly last night to back Hevesi, 188 to 160. Ferrer got three votes and Vallone just one. (Daily News)

The New York City Campaign Finance Board yesterday ordered Alan G. Hevesi, the city comptroller and a Democratic candidate for mayor, to return $67,600 in campaign contributions that the board said had exceeded the limit allowed by law. (NY Times). In other campaign finance news, at least 42 employees in Hevesi's office have contributed money to his mayoral campaign (Daily News)

The Democratic mayoral hopefuls were given permission yesterday to start raising campaign funds for a likely runoff contest Sept. 25. A runoff between the two top vote-getters is required if no one wins more than 40 percent of the ballots in the September 11 primary. (Daily News)

Governor George Pataki said Michael Bloomberg would be "an excellent candidate" for mayor. (Daily News)

Hevesi too (as well as Green) has packed the membership of the Gay and Lesbian Independent Democrats with his supporters, many of them straight, in the hopes of winning the club's endorsement. (Daily News)

Four years ago, when Fernando Ferrer ran for mayor, he positioned himself as a centrist, coming out for the death penalty and against abortion, in orderto win with a coalition of Hispanic and white voters. Now, "he is trying to building a coalition of Hispanics and blacks. He is, as a consequence, less interested in seeming sensible or centrist than in seeming passionate and radical." (The New Yorker Magazine)

City Council Speaker Peter Vallone's political aides have engaged for more than a year in a testy tug-of-war with campaign-finance regulators over a fund Vallone directed as council leader (Newsday)

Ferrer, reversing course again, says he now supports a moratorium on the death penalty. (NY Times)

The possibility of a mayoral campaign by Michael Bloomberg, the head of a financial-news company, raises serious questions of conflict of interest. Bloomberg has already ruled out selling his company or putting it in a blind trust. So, if he were to become the mayor: 1. How would city financial incentives for his business - millions of dollars worth are now on the table - be negotiated? 2. How would he prevent special interests from currying favor with him through his firm, by buying advertising or other means? 3. How would his own reporters cover him? (NY Post)

Poll shows New Yorkers would favor Bill Clinton for mayor (WCBS)

Yet another article talks about how boring the mayoral candidates are. (The Economist)

Mark Green, the New York City public advocate who worked for ten years for Ralph Nader, has moved to distance himself from the man he describes as his mentor, declaring that Nader will not come to New York to campaign on his behalf in the mayoral race. Green said Nader shared much of the blame for Al Gore's loss to George W. Bush last year. (NY Times)

At least a third of Public Advocate Mark Green's staff joined an influential gay Democratic organization, the Gay and Lesbian Independent Democrats, last month to help Green win the group's endorsement for the mayor's race. Several of the employees and campaign workers who joined are married, and few are known within the gay community as activists. (NY Post)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer, a likely Democratic candidate for mayor, delivered a State of the Bronx speech yesterday in which he took credit for the creation of thousands of jobs and $3.2 billion in new construction in the borough. (Daily News) He also blasted the policies of Mayor Giuliani, and took a swipe at one of his opponents, Alan Hevesi (Daily News)

Ferrer has returned $7,000 in contributions to one of the three scandal-plagued construction companies who have donated to his campaign, pointed out that none of the companies have been charged with doing anything illegal, and said the contributions have not stopped him from criticizing one of them. (NY Post)

Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer, a likely Democratic candidate for mayor, delivered a State of the Bronx speech in which he took credit for the creation of thousands of jobs and $3.2 billion in new construction in the borough. (Daily News)

He also blasted the policies of Mayor Giuliani, and took a swipe at one of his opponents, Alan Hevesi (Daily News)

Ferrer has returned $7,000 in contributions to one of the three scandal-plagued construction companies who have donated to his campaign, pointed out that none of the companies have been charged with doing anything illegal, and said the contributions have not stopped him from criticizing one of them. (NY Post)

If Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer's campaign for mayor falters, informed sources say he could make a run for Congress against incumbent Eliot Engel next year, in a newly drawn district designed to maximize the number of Latino voters. Ferrer has joined a lawsuit, originally filed by the city of Los Angeles, that seeks to address concerns that minority votes will be watered down by a census undercount. In the description of plaintiffs, Ferrer is characterized as having an interest in running for elected office in a voting district that has been drawn using accurate census data." An election in a voting district in this context does not include the mayoral race or any other office which covers the entire city , or even the borough presidency, a Bronx-wide office. It is an office that is run in a district, such as Congress. Should Ferrer's campaign tank early,nothing prevents his campaign from spending a disproportionate amount of his remaining campaign funds in areas that would likely be in the new Congressional District. (Bronx Press)

With Hevesi coming in fourth of four candidates in the latest Quinnipiac poll, there is talk that he will launch a TV ad campaign as early as this week. (Newsday)

None of the mayoral candidates call for postponing the closing of Fresh Kills, which opened in 1948 and became the bane of Staten Islanders and environmental advocates long before Gov. George Pataki signed legislation in 1996 mandating its shutdown by Dec. 31, 2001. Three of the five candidates who responded to questions on sanitation (all but Vallone and Hevesi) underscored what they saw as serious faults in the current plan. And all the candidates said it was important to improve recycling. (Newsday)

The race for mayor is pitting two "outsized political consultants - once partners, but today rank enemies" - against one another: Hank Morris, who is working for Alan Hevesi, against David Garth, who hopes to work for the prospective campaign of Michael Bloomberg. (NY Times)

Three of the four major Democratic mayoral candidates said last night that they support allowing same-sex marriages. The fourth, City Council Speaker Peter Vallone, drew hisses at a candidates forum sponsored by a gay and lesbian political club when he stated his opposition to such a law. (Daily News)

Vallone and Ferrer: Eliminate tolls on bridges and tunnels (NY Post)

Green presents plan to make Queens Boulevard safer. (NY-1)

Though all of them say they are not fans of school privatization, the four mayoral candidates refused to take a stand yesterday on the plan to put five of the city's worst schools under the private management of Edison Schools. (NY Post)

Dennis Rivera, the president of the hospital workers' union, 1199, may stay neutral in the mayoral race, as may teachers union president Randi Weingarten and Lee Saunders, executive director of District Council 37, the largest municipal union. (NY Times) (NY Post)

Michael Bloomberg has hired David Garth, who has helped elect mayors since times, John Lindsay twice, Ed Koch three times, Rudy Giuliani in 1993. (Daily News)

Without a real crisis facing the city, the four Democratic mayoral candidates are in search of issues. If they are having trouble "capturing the mood of the city, it might be because there isn't a mood." (New York Magazine)

The four candidates for mayor of New York City and virtually everyone else who is even considering being a Democratic candidate in the next two years paraded through the hotel corridors in Albany at the annual President's Day weekend gathering of the Black and Puerto Rican Legislative Caucus. (NY Times)

Mayor Giuliani will reappoint Police Commissioner Bernard Kerik to a five-year term this week, though it is up to the next mayor whether to keep him in office. The four leading Democratic candidates and Republican Michael Bloomberg said it was too early to say. (Daily News) Deputy borough presidents in Staten Island and Brooklyn, both running for their bosses' jobs, are looking for a way around the recent ruling by the Conflicts of Interest Board that they could not keep their current jobs if they wanted to raise campaign funds. (Daily News)

Clyde Haberman column on mayoral forum at the City University of New York Graduate Center: Hevesi and Vallone, the more right-leaning Democrats, criticized Mr. Giuliani but in language not remotely inflammatory. Ferrer and Green, tilting left, did not flinch from testing verbal bombs for possibly permanent slots in their arsenals. "I'm not Rudy Lite," Mr. Ferrer said. "I'm not a kinder, gentler Rudy, or Rudy with a smile." As for Mr. Green, no one had to scratch his head over whom he had in mind when he denounced "government by tantrum, government by vendetta, government by enemies list."(NY Times)

Mark Green talks tough on crime: "In a serious riot situation, helicopters and tanks arguably could be appropriate." (The Guardian of London)

"The four Democrats running for mayor announced yesterday that they would join the City Council and 21 other candidates for city offices in court to try to block Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani's bid to revamp the city's campaign finance system." (NY Times)

Green says MTA should hold hearings on the proposed changes to subway lines. (Daily News)

Fernando Ferrer has lined up endorsements from State Comptroller and gubernatorial candidate H. Carl McCall, and more than a dozen mostly African-American legislators, including City Councilman Philip Reed of Manhattan and Assemblyman Darryl C. Towns of Brooklyn. (NY Times) (Daily News)

"He hasn't formally announced his candidacy, but billionaire media mogul Michael Bloomberg finally appears to be off and running for mayor," appearing last night at the Lincoln Day Dinner, one of the Republican Party' s biggest annual events in the city, on the occasion of his 59th birthday. Bloomberg has met with many politicos lately, including Al Sharpton. (Daily News)


The real industry favors Green in its donations so far, but contributes to all the mayoral candidates (Village Voice)

Mayor Giuliani hints at a deal to support the repeal of term limits for members of the City Council in exchange for the Council's support for changing the campaign finance law. (NY Times)

Former police commissioner Bill Bratton, who considered running for mayor, formally endorsed Public Advocate Mark Green for the job, saying Green had the best ideas to continue to reduce crime while improving community relations. (NY Post)

Republican Assemblyman John Ravitz announced Monday that he has decided to withdraw from the race for mayor. (NY-1)

About 1.8 million New Yorkers do not have health insurance, though many of these are eligible for government coverage. The number of uninsured New Yorkers is twice the average national rate, and some say that they "are part of a looming city health crisis that will emerge as a major theme in this year's mayoral campaign." (Newsday)

Manhattan 10021: "Residents of that posh 20-block stretch of apartment buildings on the Upper East Side gave more money to the four mayoral candidates than all the residents of Brooklyn and Staten Island combined," $1.46 million so far. Just blocks away in East Harlem (zip code 10039) the total so far is just $2,175. Hevesi is the leading fundraiser in all boroughs except the Bronx, where Ferrer leads. (NY Post)

In one of the first major endorsements of the mayoral race, State Comptroller Carl McCall, New York's highest-elected black official and a candidate for governor, plans to endorse Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer's mayoral bid next week. Ferrer and Hevesi have both endorsed McCall over his rival, Andrew Cuomo. (NY Post)

A new poll by Marist College reports that "undecided" still leads in the mayoral race, with 29 percent of the respondents, followed by Public Advocate Mark Green, the choice of 26 percent. The next highest is Vallone with 18 percent. (Daily News)

Green launches political offensive to prove that he too, despite his image, can be tough on crime. (NY Observer)

Twenty-three people have contributed to all four leading Democratic candidates. The list includes City University of New York Chancellor Michael Goldstein, publicist Howard Rubenstein, Lee Perlman, the chief financial officer of the Greater New York Hospital Association, and George Marangoudakis of Manhasset, whose Marangos Construction Co. of Queens has had about $40 million in contracts with the city over the last 10 years. Their contributions are clearly not about ideology, as one good-government advocate observed, but about access. (NY Post)

Green: Give cops higher pay and free tuition, and repair their precinct houses. (NYTimes)

Donors to Giuliani's 1997 re-election campaign have already given a combined $1.67 million to the four Democrats running for mayor, with Hevesi receiving 44 percent, Vallone 26 percent, Green and Ferrer each 15. So far, Comptroller Hevesi has raised a total of $6.1 million, far more than his rivals. (NY Post)

Will the budget for the police department become an issue in the campaign? Yes, crime has been reduced, but the police department now costs $3.1 billion a year, which is nearly twice what it was a decade ago. Can a future mayor afford to touch a police budget that is larger than the entire state of Vermont's? The mayoral candidates seem to agree that some jobs currently performed by officers should be done by civilians, and none are looking to expand the budget. (Newsday)

Hevesi has given $300,000 in raises and bonuses to staff at Comptroller's office, including 11 who have contributed to his campaign for mayor. (NY Post)

George Spitz, 78-year-old retired state auditor who is the only candidate who has formally announced for the Democratic nomination for mayor of New York City, has run for office a half dozen times since 1968, never winning. "This is going to be my best race," he says. "I'm the only vegetarian, only road runner, only veteran of World War II, only senior citizen, only union person, only Orthodox Jew and only high school dropout in the race." (NY Times)

Green: Create youth courts, with teen jurors, to combat juvenile crime. (Daily News)

Political consultant Hank Morris, described as ruthless and messianic, has been helping mayoral candidate Alan Hevesi's rise in politics for more than a decade, and is now trying to make him more acceptable to African-American voters (NY Observer)

Latest Quinnipiac University poll shows Public Advocate Mark Green ahead in the race for mayor with 27 percent of likely voters saying they would choose him, a full ten points more than his nearest rivals, Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer and City Council Speaker Peter Vallone. Comptroller Alan Hevesi trails with 10 percent. (Daily News)


Hevesi is lining up endorsements from African-Americans, including Brooklyn Democratic Chairman Clarence Norman; Congressman Major Owens of Brooklyn; former Congressman Floyd Flake of Queens; state Sen. David Paterson of Manhattan (Crain's New York)

"While the debate on the safety of New York City dominated the mayoral campaign of 1993, and the city's racial climate played a major role in the 1989 race, the subject of improving the quality of education" is already the major theme of this year's mayoral campaign. (NY Times)

Real estate developers and other businessmen "who need a friend in City Hall," as Bob Liff puts it, are the major contributors to Democratic candidates, often giving to several candidates in the same race. For example, both Red Apple supermarkets owner John Catsimatidis and publicist Howard Rubenstein gave to all four of the leading Democratic contenders and to both candidates for comptroller. Rubenstein also gave to two candidates for Brooklyn borough president, and two for Queens borough president. (Daily News) .

Ferrer: Give teachers a 30 percent pay hike, and require them to work over the summer. (Daily News)

Hevesi faces uphill struggle for the African-American vote. (NY Post)

In his first extensive interview about his mayoral ambitions, Michael Bloomberg told Elizabeth Bumiller he would run on "a platform of budget discipline, nonpartisan decision- making and an open City Hall." He dismissed the focus on his fortune. "What's a billionaire got to do with it? I mean, would you rather elect a poor person who didn't succeed? Look, I'm a great American dream." (NY Times)

In the latest Marist College Poll, the best-known of the mayor candidates, Mark Green is viewed favorably by 55 percent and unfavorably by 16 percent with 29 percent unable to state an opinion. Peter Vallone is seen favorably by 45 percent of the voters, unfavorably by 16 percent, while 39 percent have no opinion. The other two major candidate, Alan Hevesi and Fernando Ferrer, both have favorable ratings around 40 percent, unfavorable ratings about 10 percent with more than 40 percent with no opinion either way. Rev. Al Sharpton, who received nearly 40 percent in the Democratic primary for mayor four years ago and has said he was thinking about running for mayor again, is viewed negatively by most voters, 61 percent. Only 30 percent have a favorable view. (NY Times)

"Millionaire car dealer Howard Koeppel, a friend of Giuliani who has raised tens of thousands of dollars for him, hosted a fund-raiser for Green last week." (NY Post)

Four Democratic mayoral candidates visit Sharpton headquarters on Martin Luther King Day; Hevesi expresses regret for previous positions, but gets heckled. (NY Post)

Lack of affordable housing likely to become the number one issue in this year's mayoral race, Rob Polner reports, at least among the Democratic candidates (Newsday)

With the Democratic primary eight months away, each of the four main Democratic candidates so far has raised more than $3.5 million for the September contest, with Comptroller Alan Hevesi widening his lead. The estimated totals to date are Hevesi, $ 6.5 million; Public Advocate Mark Green, $4.3 million; Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer, $3.8 million; City Council Speaker Peter Vallone, $3.56 million. (NY Times)

Michael Bloomberg will hire Frank Luntz, Giuliani's pollster, and William Cunningham, former top aide to Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, as part of a team to help him in his not-yet-declared bid for mayor. (Daily News)

Green Calls for Soft-Money Ban in Mayoral Campaign; Dismissed As Ploy by Three Opponents. (NY Post)

Mayor's Aides Quietly Helping Hevesi (Daily News)

D'Amato Offers State Comptroller McCall His Financial Support If He Runs for Mayor Instead of Governor (NY Observer)

Election 2001 Overview (Village Voice)

Giuliani Rules Out Run for Attorney General (NY Post)

Spitzer Says He Would "Relish Every Moment" of a Campaign Against Giuliani for Attorney General (NY Post)

Analysis of Mayoral Race (New Republic)

Four Leading Democratic Mayoral Candidates Agree to Spring Debate (Daily News)

Michael Bloomberg Edges Closer to Run for Mayor (Daily News)

My Street Address:

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Find what city council district you are in -- and learn more about what's going on there, and who's running.

What is this?
Gotham Gazette's Searchlight on Campaign 2001 offers a comprehensive look at what is being called New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history. (See the left-hand column for an explanation).

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

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New York, NY

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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