The Race for Public Advocate

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


General Election Results

x-Betsy F. Gotbaum Dem 793,230 - 86 percent
Joseph Dubowski, Con 54,158 - 6 percent
Scott M. Stringer, Lib 41,569 - 5 percent
Others 33,137 - 4 percent

Primary Election Results

Betsy F. Gotbaum 156,829
Norman Siegel 105,976
Stephen DiBrienza 102,327
Willie Colon 101,393
Scott M. Stringer 99,904
Kathryn E. Freed 54,668
Sheila Flaxman 21,548
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

The Candidates:

  • Joseph Dubowski (Con)
  • Sheila Flaxman (Fus)
  • Betsy Gotbaum (Dem)
  • Chris Laundois (POT)
  • Travis Pahl (LBT)
  • Scott Stringer (Lib)

Rebuilding New York City

Meeting Everyone's Needs
Norman Siegel, who is one of the two candidates running for public advocate in the Democratic runoff election October 11th, urges that any recovery plan address the entire city, not just people and businesses directly affected by the attack. He writes that the next public advocate will have to make sure the government meets the needs of every New Yorker and protects individual rights in the faces of increased concerns about security.

Extraordinary Problems, Extraordinary Measures
Betsy Gotbaum, the other candidate in the runoff, says the Trade Center attacks, along with the economic downturn, have left the city facing an fiscal crisis that could be as dire as the bankruptcy crisis of the 1970s. The city‚s response, she says, will have to be sweeping and innovative to both repair the devastation and insure that vital services, such as education and health care, are not forgotten.

Public Advocate Stump Speeches
There is a job opening in city government that pays $150,000 and no one seems to know exactly what the person does -- even those running for it. At a recent forum, the five candidates for Public Advocate talked about what they would do if they became only the second person in the city's history to serve as "ombudsman" to New York.

In the order in which they appeared, three-minute stump speeches, followed by questions and answers:

For who has donated to these candidates see the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Willie Colon
Contributors to Steven DiBrienza
Kevin Finnegan has not filed
Contributors to Sheila Flaxman
Contributors to Kathryn Freed
Contributors to Betsy Gotbaum
Travis Pahl has not filed
Joseph Pulsowki has not filed
Contributors to Norman Siegel
Contributors to Scott Stringer
Contributors to Mike Zumbluskas

Crowded Field for Second in Command

By Philip Lentz

Incumbent Mark Green is term limited and running for mayor. While the public advocate has few City Charter-required duties, the office is second in line to become mayor and offers its occupant free reign to attack or investigate any issue he or she wants to illuminate. In other words, the public advocate's post is a bully pulpit with limitless ways to garner news coverage. Just look at what it has done for Mark Green. No wonder the contest has attracted a crowd.

Under the Charter, the public advocate serves as the city's ombudsman and as a sort of super-legislator-he or she presides over the City Council and is free to introduce legislation at any time. Not surprisingly, three of the five current candidates are legislators.

The five announced candidates (all Democrats) are:

  • Assemblyman Scott Stringer, a liberal from the Upper West Side and protege of Rep. Jerrold Nadler .
  • Betsy Gotbaum, former parks commissioner under Mayor David Dinkins and wife of former municipal labor leader Victor Gotbaum.
  • Councilman Steven DiBrienza, a liberal from Brooklyn best known for jousting with Mayor Mayor Rudolph Giuliani over homeless services and other city services.
  • Councilwoman Kathryn Freed, also a liberal, from the Lower East Side of Manhattan.
  • And civil liberties lawyer Norman Siegel, who made a name for himself suing the mayor-usually successfully-for government rights violations.

Handicapping this contest is difficult this early since few of the candidates are known outside their immediate neighborhoods.

Each candidate has some strengths. Stringer comes from a strong political club and has a network of allies across the city through his colleagues in the Assembly.

Gotbaum, who raised money for Dinkins' mayoral runs, is a prodigious fund-raiser.

DiBrienza is the only non-Manhattan candidate. Geography could help him.

Freed has been a strong advocate of lower Manhattan and Chinatown. Residents will remember that come Election Day.

And Siegel has probably gotten his face on television more than all of his opponents combined over the years as he attended anti-Giuliani rallies and sued the mayor time after time. Will voters remember the face when they get in the voting booth?

But offsetting these strengths is a fundamental weakness for each of the candidates-few people know who any of them are. None has ever run for citywide (or even borough-wide) offices and most voters will have quizzical look on their faces when they get into the voting booth in the September Democratic primary. That means money will be very important.

Stringer and Gotbaum have so far been the most successful at raising money. (Check the Campaign Finance Board Web site for each candidate's filings.) Stringer had $640,823 as of Jan. 16; Gotbaum $686,602. That will given them an edge in late summer when they try to get their voices heard above the political din.

Siegel, through his high school buddy movie mogul David Geffen, is lining up the support of Hollywood stars-names like Woody Allen and Whoopi Goldberg and Barbra Streisand. If he can persuade them to make an appearance or two with him in September, that could help him grab some headlines.

Most likely, no candidate will attract 40 percent of the vote and there will be a runoff between the two vote-getters. Maybe then the public may pay attention. After all, the winner will be a heartbeat away from Gracie Mansion.

Public Advocate Campaign Trail


Former Parks Commissioner Betsy Gotbaum decisively thumped civil liberties attorney Norman Siegel in the Democratic runoff for public advocate, the city's second-highest office. Gotbaum had a nearly 2-to-1 margin over Siegel, based on a nearly complete vote count. With no Republican in the Nov. 6 general election, Gotbaum is nearly certain to take office on New Year's Day. (Newsday)

The New York Times has endorsed Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate. (New York Times)

The race for public advocate between Betsy Gotbaum and Norman Siegel is considered too close to call. (Newsday)

The two candidates for public advocate clashed in a debate last night, with Betsy Gotbaum stressing the velvet glove and Norman Siegel the iron fist. In a spirited and substantive encounter, Siegel said he would be an aggressive ombudsman who would not be afraid to tangle with the mayor and other officials on such issues such as making sure the pressure for public security doesn't infringe on individual rights. "I'm passionate, and I'll fight," he said, citing his experience as a civil rights lawyer and outsider and dismissing Gotbaum as "part of the [establishment] club." Gotbaum said she would stress "the ombudswoman function" of the post but would look to build public-private partnerships to get things done rather than take issues to court. She praised Siegel as a "brilliant lawyer" and civil rights champion, and added: "He's there making noise. He has a big mouth, and thank God for him. I think he should stay on the outside." (Daily News)

Public advocate candidate Willie Colon, who came in fourth in the Democratic primary according to unofficial tallies, said he will ask the Justice Department to investigate alleged voting irregularities. Tonight, the two top vote getters, Betsy Gottbaum and Norman Siegel, who will face each other in a runoff on October 11, will debate. Fifth place finisher Scott Stringer said he would soon endorse either Gottbaum or Siegel. (NY Times)

The race for Public Advocate-never a focus of much attention even before the world was turned upside down on September 11-has suddenly become a crucial contest. Created by the city charter changes of 1993, the Public Advocate's office has always been vaguely defined, with few concrete powers other than making its occupant first in the line of succession. It's a high-profile job with a small budget and no required heavy lifting. But the Public Advocate's race has been overshadowed at every step of the way; first by the mayoral and City Council contests, then by the attack, and now by the wrenching debate over Giuliani's demand to hold onto City Hall. But if voters glossed over the differences between the Public Advocate candidates before last week's primary, the players now stand out in stark contrast. (Village Voice)

In an unusual move, the city's Campaign Finance Board has authorized runoff payments for all four eligible candidates in the race for public advocate amid concerns that a clear second-place finisher will not emerge until late next week. It was the first time the board had paid more than two candidates for a runoff, said Nicole A. Gordon, the board's executive director. Betsy Gotbaum, who finished first in the primary election, according to early unofficial returns, received the highest payment, $303,270. City Councilman Stephen DiBrienza was next, with $267,331, followed by State Assemblyman Scott M. Stringer, with $237,673, and the civil liberties lawyer Norman Siegel with $114,407. (New York Times)

Betsy Gottbaum was clearly the number one vote getter in the Democratic primary for public advocate. She won about 25 percent of the vote, far less than the 40 percent needed to avoid a runoff. And who she will face in that runoff remains unclear. Salsa performer Willie Colon, City Councilman Stephen DiBrienza, civil liberties lawyer Norman Siegel and Assemblyman Scott M. Stringer are all virtually tied for second with about 16 percent of the vote each. (New York Times)

The Times repeats its list of endorsements for the primary, including Mark Green for mayor, Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate, and William Thompson for comptroller, and borough-wide and local races. (New York Times)

The Daily News editorializes about voting, including a repeat of its endorsements, which include Peter Vallone for mayor in Democratic primary; Mike Bloomberg in Republican primary, Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate, and Herb Berman for comptroller. (Daily News)

Newday's don't forget to vote editorial, plus reminders of its choices: Alan Hevesi for mayor in Democratic primary, Bloomberg in Republican; Stephen DiBrienza for public advocate, and Herb Berman for comptroller. (Newsday)

New York Post endorsements: Peter Vallone (mayor), Scott Stringer (public advocate),

Village Voice endorsements: Mark Green (mayor), Norman Siegel (public advocate), Herb Berman (comptroller)


For the second time this week, a poll has Public Advocate Mark Green and Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer tied for the lead in Tuesday's Democratic primary for mayor - and the other candidates far behind. The Marist College poll, released yesterday, found 30 percent of likely Democratic voters backing Ferrer, to 29 percent for Green, 14 percent for Comptroller Alan Hevesi and 11 percent for Council Speaker Peter Vallone. When undecided voters were pressed to decide, Ferrer and Green were tied at 31 percent. The small sample of 334 voters and margin of error of plus or minus 5.5 percentage points raised questions about the poll's accuracy (Daily News)

Six of the seven Democratic candidates for public advocate yesterday formally debated for the last time before Tuesday's primary, struggling to distinguish themselves and even tossing a few genial barbs at each other in what has otherwise been a relatively cordial contest. (New York Times)

By his account, Public Advocate Mark Green has brought so much to the legislative table on a variety of issues, from campaign finance reform to domestic violence to police misconduct, that he considers his actual job description irrelevant. "If I had never been born," Mr. Green said in a recent interview, "I believe we wouldn't have a four-to-one matching law, we wouldn't have a gender discrimination law, we wouldn't have a carting law, we wouldn't have a cigarette vending machine law, we wouldn't have a domestic violence law."Mr. Green's position as public advocate has no authority to pass laws and little sway over the City Council or the mayor. But he argues that he has used his role as an official ombudsman to get things done. (New York Times)

Daily News endorses Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate. (Daily News)

The Post endorses Scott Stringer for public advocate (NY Post)

The New York Times endorses Betsy Gotbaum for public advocate, saying in part: "Given the amorphous nature of the job, New Yorkers should pick a public advocate who is a self- starter and is capable of building programs and focusing public attention on the dustier corners of city government. Betsy Gotbaum best meets those criteria. As parks commissioner in the Dinkins administration, she was ingenious at finding ways to protect the parks and finance their programs at a time of terrible budget reductions. More recently, as president of the New-York Historical Society, she literally saved this city treasure from financial ruin, converting it into a cultural gem. (NY Times)

Seven Democrats are vying to replace Mark Green as the public advocate - the city's paid ombudsman, rabble-rouser and mayoral critic. For savvy politicians - like Democratic mayoral hopeful Green - the office is a ready-made soapbox. And the $150,000 salary isn't bad either.But how do you capture the attention of a voting public barely keeping its eyes open for a mayoral race? Television commercials. And lots of them. (Daily News)

In this most crowded of primary seasons, no major race is shaping up to be more crowded than that for public advocate, a position that has existed for less than a decade. But even though so many candidates are aspiring to an office that sometimes looks as if it involves little more than needling the mayor, few New Yorkers seem to know or care who any of the contenders are. (NY Times)

The Public Advocate's office, though not well-defined, gave the current incumbent, Mark Green, a platform for raising his visibility and launching his campaign for mayor. The winner of this year's election will automatically become a major voice in the city's political discourse as well as a potential candidate for higher office. Each of the major candidates would reshape the public advocate's office in ways that conform to his or her past experience. Stephen DiBrienza, who is chairman of the council's General Welfare Committee, sees the job as the city's "chief of research and development." He would use the office's legislative role-the public advocate presides over the City Council-to investigate systemic problems in city government. Betsy Gotbaum, who has served under three mayors, wants to expand the public advocate's ombudsman role so that she can work with the new mayor and other city officials "to make government work better." Norman Siegel, who ran the New York Civil Liberties Union for 15 years, wants to turn the office into a combination of an inspector general's office and a public interest law firm. He would send hundreds of private lawyers working pro bono into housing projects to listen to complaints. And Scott Stringer, who cut his political teeth on Upper West Side politics, wants to use the office as a "soapbox" for playing a role in such issues as education, housing, transportation and planning. Political observers say the contest will likely be decided by TV ads and endorsements from unions, politicians and especially newspapers, which are very influential in races that get little attention. (Crain's NY Business)

Crain's NY Business endorses Stephen DiBrienza for Public Advocate, with Norman Siegel a close second. "Mr. DiBrienza has spent 11 years on the City Council, including stints heading important committees. He understands how the council can work, and he promises to put most of his time into legislative activities-holding hearings, introducing legislation, working with the freshman legislators, shepherding bills. He outlines his approach with energy, which offsets the temper he has shown occasionally in clashes with the current administration." (Crain's NY Business)

Public advocate candidate Norman Siegel used Independence Day to attack Mayor Giuliani for allegedly infringing on New Yorkers' freedom of speech. "New York has, under his administration, become increasingly authoritarian and repressive," said Siegel, former executive director of the New York Civil Liberties Union. (Daily News)

In the public advocate race, though, one union has made its choice. District 37, which with 125,000 workers is the city's largest municipal union, decided yesterday to back City Councilmember Stephen DiBrienza. (Daily News)

Public Advocate Mark Green charged yesterday that the mayor and police commissioner tainted, subverted and undermined the NYPD internal investigation of the four cops who fatally shot Amadou Diallo. (Daily News)

Night after night in New York City, fundraising events take place, in people's apartments or slightly garish catering halls. And whether the affairs are standard or eclectic, they are all driven by the same desire: campaign cash. And they are taking place with a frequency that politicians and donors alike say is unprecedented in modern city politics. City Councilwoman Kathryn E. Freed, a candidate for public advocate, was entertained in Manhattan by more than 100 business owners and civic leaders at a lavish buffet at the New Oriental Pearl Restaurant in Chinatown. (New York Times)

Carol Butler who engineered Senator Debbie Stabenow's defeat of incumbent Sen. Spencer Abraham of Michigan last fall will run Steve DiBrienza's campaign for public advocate. (Courier-Life Newspapers, reprinted by Lambda Independent Democrats)

Siegel announces yet again for public advocate. (Daily News)

Norman Siegel officially joins the race for Public Advocate. He said he has raised about $240,000. Scott Stringer and Betsy Gotbaum have each raised more than $650,000, and Stephen DiBrienza and Kathryn Freed more than $350,000 (NY Times) (Daily News)

The race to fill Public Advocate Mark Green's shoes is shaping up to be a surprisingly competitive, anyone-can-win contest - for a $150,000-a-year job (first in line of succession to the mayor) that critics say has no real power and should be abolished. (NY Post)

Among those who have so far contributed $187,523 to Norman Siegel's run for public advocate are Woody Allen, Mel Brooks, David Geffen, Steven Spielberg, Whoopi Goldberg and Barbra Streisand. (Crains NY)

Yesterday's deadline to file campaign finance statements showed the following amounts raised by the candidates in the race for Public Advocate: Assembly member Scott Stringer, $427,134; former Parks Commissioner Betsy Gotbaum, $199, 317; Norman Siegel, who has taken a leave from his job as head of the New York Civil Liberties Union, $187, 523; City Councilmember Stephen DiBrienza, $89,313 (NY Post)




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Find what city council district you are in -- and learn more about what's going on there, and who's running.

What is this?
Gotham Gazette's Searchlight on Campaign 2001 offers a comprehensive look at what is being called New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history. (See the left-hand column for an explanation).

Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Rescheduled Primary
October 11 -- Runoff Democratic Primary election for mayor and for public advocate

October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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