District 19 Upper Queens

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-Tony Avella, Dem 16,222 - 49 percent
Dennis J. Saffran, GOP 15,865 - 48 percent
Jerry M. Iannece, Lib 644 - 2 percent
Arthur N. Cheliotes, WF 506 - 2 percent

Primary Election Results

Tony Avella 3,536
John Frank 2,897
Arthur N. Cheliotes 2,444
Jerry M. Iannece 2,109
Joyce P. Shepard 933
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: Michael J. Abel (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:

General Election Update

Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Tony Avella
Contributors to Arthur Cheliotes
Contributors to John Frank
Contributors to Jerry Iannece
Contributors to Dennis Saffran
Contributors to Joyce Shepard

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 19

Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

Too Good For Its Own Good?

District 19, which borders Nassau County and several beautiful bays, has had it good for a long time, with two of the best school districts in the city, low crime, and high employment..

But good times have not made for happy voters.

That is because this area, which includes College Point and Bayside in upper Queens, has attracted more and more people to the district, which has led to overcrowding in the schools, a scarcity of police in the streets, and a push for more development.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.


  • White, non-Hispanic: 73%
  • Hispanic: 11%
  • Black, Non-Hispanic: 4%
  • Asian: 12%

Median income: $58,214 was the median household income. Ranks 8th out of 51

Unemployment rate: 5%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

These are the issues of concern to the residents and therefore to the five candidates who are running for the seat held by the current city council member, Republican Michael Abel.

"Our reading and math scores are high but there are not enough schools; that's a problem," said Joyce Shepard, a community activist and psychiatric social worker. "Teachers are not getting enough money, and many teachers are opting to go to Long Island," said Shepard.

Other candidates have voiced similar concerns over the rising problems with overcrowding.

"Educators and members of the council need to sit down and work together to design a new funding formula that is equitable to New York City students," said Tony Avella, chief of staff to State Senator Toby Stavisky. "I won't be satisfied until every student is in a new building, until they have new desks, books, and computers."

Education is not the only area in which overcrowding and scarcity of resources has led to problems.

"Crime has gone down," admitted Jerry Iannece, the head of the Bayside Civic Association and a former district attorney. But not every crime: the district is number on e in the city in auto thefts, and among the top ten in burglaries. "There are 20 to 30 fewer officers now than in the past. We need more officers out there. I think it's time for the creation of new precincts."

Another platform that the candidates all seem to agree on is a need to change the current zoning, which allows for what the residents fear will become uncontrolled development. What this means, in the four relatively affluent neighborhoods of College Point, Beechhurst, Whitestone and Bayside -- and unlike most neighborhoods in New York City -- are houses for three or four families, rather than for just one or two.

"Neighborhoods are changing rapidly," said John Frank, community activist and current treasurer to Assemblywoman Ann Margaret Carrozza. "Multiple dwellings are being developed and people are concerned about that. I want to protect and preserve the character of our neighborhood." Frank plans to advocate a greater percent of the area to be rezoned for one and two family homes, as opposed to zoning that causes three or four family dwellings.

Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communications Workers of America, also expressed his concern with "zoning and how the character of the community is changing" and feels people should be given more power on land-use issues. Cheliotes is concerned as well with good jobs . "I want to make sure people are able to sustain a standard of living and be paid a reasonable wage." Even the people doing well in upper Queens wouldn't mind doing better.

Campaign Update:

Two Republican candidates Greg Miley and Christopher Butler have dropped out of the race for district 19, leaving Dennis Saffran as the party1s last chance to hold on to one of the few Republican seats in City Council.

Greg Miley decided not to run because he did not want to give up his current job. Butler told a local paper that he withdrew because "it wasn1t the right time to pursue the opportunity."

The Queens County Republican Party, which had previously endorsed Miley, is now endorsing Saffran. Saffran has also received endorsements from the county conservative party, State Senator Frank Padavan, and the outgoing Councilmember Michael Abel.

Saffran, a former head of the Center for the Community Interest, a group concerned with quality of life and anti-crime initiatives, said he wants to make sure the city continues the progress made during the Giuliani era. "I am running as a supporter of continuing what the mayor has done to reduce the crime rate and make our neighborhoods a safer and more pleasant place to raise our children," said Saffran. Saffran said he would try to maintain the controversial Street Crimes Unit, which he says has confiscated hundreds of guns and saved countless lives. "We should not abandon aggressive policing policies."

Saffran also sees education as a top priority, and he supports mayoral control of the central Board of Education. "School overcrowding is a concern," said Saffran. "We have to make sure we have schools that enforce standards and discipline and educate our children and give them the basic skills they need to succeed in the new economy."

Although most of the district 19 voters are registered as Democrats, the area has a history of supporting Republicans. The area has elected a Republican as city council representative for the last 10 years and as state senator for the last 28 years. Rick Lazio carried the district in last year1s U.S. senatorial election.

Dennis Saffran believes his chances of winning are "about fifty-fifty. It1s going to be a tough, uphill battle to hold this seat," said Saffran. The Democratic candidates are competing for endorsements.

Tony Avella has been endorsed by Congressmen Gary Ackerman and Joseph Crowley, Assembly members Ann Margaret Carrozza, Nettie Meyersohn, and Mark Weprin, State Senator Toby Stavisky, Borough President Claire Shulman, and the Queens Democratic Organization.

Arthur Cheliotes, the first candidate in the district to raise the maximum amount of money allowable under campaign finance laws, has been endorsed by a several unions, including the United Federation of Teachers, Communication Workers of America, the Service Employees International Union, and the Building Maintenance Service and Railroad Workers. He has also been endorsed by the Central Labor Council, and the Working Families Party, which means he will appear on the ballot in November even if he loses the Democratic primary.

Jerry Iannece, who is also the Liberal Party candidate, has been endorsed by the Italian-American Federation of Queens County, Councilmember Julia Harrison, and other civic leaders in northeast Queens. He has also been endorsed by television personalities, Judge Judy and Judge Jerry Shiendlin. Joyce Shepard has been endorsed by Operating Engineers Local 15 ABC, the Building and Construction Trade Council, the Living Wages Project, and Artists, Inc.

John Frank has not received any endorsements, but said he has strong voter support for his candidacy within the district. (See the Campaign Trail for more details.) Posted 8/2/01

Candidate Biographies

Tony Avella is a civic activist in northeast Queens. He now works for State Senator Toby Stavisky as her chief of staff and is also president of the College Point Sports Association, where he oversees an organization that supports five local sports groups and serves over 1,000 children a year. He served as Mayor Ed Koch1s Queen1s Coordinator.

Arthur Cheliotes was born and raised in Jamaica. He is founder and president of the Greek-American Labor Committee and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Queens College. He has been president of Communications Workers of America Local 1180 for the last 21 years. He is married and has three children.

Jerry Iannece is a former Astoria resident who is now serving as president of the Bayside Hills Civic Association and as Zoning Chairman of Community Board 11. He graduated with honors from New York University in three years with a Double Major Bachelor of Arts Degree in 1981. He also attended St. John's Law School and maintains a law practice. He is married and has two children.

John Frank is a community activist who grew up in Bayside, attended Columbia and Harvard, and spent time in the Peace Corps, before becoming a public school teacher of Spanish and history. He is currently treasurer to Assemblywoman Ann Margaret Carrozza.

Dennis Saffran is the former head of Center for the Community Interest, a political group that focuses on anti-crime and quality-of-life initiatives. He was also a chief lawyer at the State Division of Housing under Governor Mario Cuomo and an assistant to former New York State Attorney General Robert Abrams.

Joyce Shepard is a native New Yorker. After receiving her GED at 35, Joyce went on to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree from Queens College in Psychology and Sociology and a Masters Degree from Adelphi University's School of Social Work. She is now a community activist and psychiatric social worker practicing in Bayside.


Campaign Trail


Newsday announces its endorsements in a number of Queens City Council races.

District 19: Jerry Iannece's "legal experience and community activism make him qualified. Each of his opponents - particularly Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communications Workers of America Local 1180, and the party-backed Tony Avella. . . is a credible candidate. But Iannece has the most innovative ideas for addressing the district's needs."

District 20. "John Liu, the party designee, could have avoided some last-minute controversy had he used better judgment. As a member of Community Board 7 in Flushing, he voted last year with the majority to approve a variance for a development company whose partners include a campaign contributor. Liu, an actuary, should have recused himself. . . . We hope he has learned something about appearances. Still, his energy and impressive command of the issues make up for his lack of political acumen. And while his civic service isn't as long as that of opponent Ethel Chen, he seems better suited to alleviate the tensions between old-time residents and new immigrants.

District 21. "Despite the ethnic conflict dividing various Latino communities in the district, the four candidates - all Latinos - are evenly matched. . . .Luis Rosero is the most appealing. . . .His background gives him intimate knowledge of government and politics. His contacts at the federal level wouldn't hurt, either. He also understands the common concerns of a diverse population."

District 22. "As a member of Queens School Board 30, John Ciafone has worked diligently on behalf of school kids. . . . But Ciafone made a mistake that we cannot overlook: His ads in a local weekly newspaper boasted of endorsements by mayoral candidates Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green. Such endorsements never existed. Ciafone says the ads should have read "supported," not "endorsed" - a stretch, to say the least. . . . That leaves Peter Vallone Jr., the party's designee. Voters get more than a name with Vallone. He helped found a community group to fight power plants in western Queens. And he has learned something from watching his father's success as Council speaker. Newsday endorses Vallone."

District 23. "David Weprin is a Democratic district leader, his brother is a state assemblyman, and their late father was Assembly speaker. By contrast, Jairam Thakral immigrated from India 30 years ago, got an MBA from St. John's and recently retired as chief financial officer of the State Veterans Home on Long Island. Thakral emphasizes his financial experience in dealing with city, state and federal governments. . . . He contrasts his "diversity" with Weprin's "dynasty." Weprin, a lawyer, was the state's deputy superintendent of banks. . . . Thakral radiates eagerness to improve the city's quality of life, but Weprin has more experience and a deeper knowledge of the district. We endorse Weprin.

District 24. "The three candidates are already on the public payroll. Barry Grodenchik is Borough President Claire Shulman's chief administrative officer. He emphasizes the downside of the 2012 Olympics, which he says could freeze development in western Queens and shut down much of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park for years. James Gennaro has been a policy analyst for the City Council since 1990, specializing in environmental issues. He's positive on the 2012 Olympics but negative on destroying Flushing Meadows wetlands to create a rowing course for the games. David Reich, chief of staff to a state senator from Brooklyn, cites his experience drafting bills in Albany . Gennaro offers greater familiarity with the council and broader concern for the environment. We endorse Gennaro."

District 25. "The organization person in this multi-candidate race is Helen Sears, a longtime district leader and community affairs director at Elmhurst Hospital Center. . . . Louisa Chan, a nurse and three-term secretary of School Board 24, wants community school boards to have more power and the central board to be elected. Magdalena Schultheis, vice president of an international hospitality consulting firm, would like to cut back bureaucracy to produce more affordable housing. James Van Bramer, community affairs manager for the Queensborough Public Library, has been an activist for campaign finance reform as well as gay and lesbian rights. . . .Finally, Rudolph Greco is a lawyer, civic enthusiast and author of a children's history of Jackson Heights. Along with a dedicated tax to provide higher teacher pay and smaller classes, he would encourage corporate partnerships to improve schools. Greco is a convivial, seasoned, one-of-a-kind candidate with a shrewd grasp of the district's needs and possibilities. Newsday endorses Greco. (Newsday)

The New York Times today endorsed a candidate in this race. District 19 (Northeast Queens): In this district, which borders on Nassau County, Arthur Cheliotes, president of the Communications Workers of America Local 1180, is running against Tony Avella, the former chief of staff for State Senator Toby Stavisky. Mr. Cheliotes has the longer record of service and has shown the more sophisticated understanding of the city's needs. One concern is his plan to keep his union job in order to build up seniority toward his pension, although he promises to work for $1 a year and devote most of his time to the Council. Mr. Avella is far from a totally independent politician himself; his friends in the Queens Democratic Party worked to bump others from the ballot in this district. Our endorsement for the primary goes to Arthur Cheliotes.

The race to replace outgoing Republican Mike Abel in district 19 in Queens pits a former nightclub singer, a union leader, a party insider, an ex-prosecutor and a former Peace Corps worker against one another. They agree on most issues - more cops, more schools, more senior service - but there is little love lost among them.The former prosecutor, Jerry Iannece, relishes attacking the party candidate Tony Avella, who will be battling him for a strong Italian-American vote.The singer, gadfly Joyce Shepard, vows to move if union official Arthur Cheliotis is elected. (Daily News)

City Council candidate Joyce Shepard has sued her former campaign manager, Jack Ballinger. The district 19 contender alleges that Ballinger created a campaign website for her and then lied about her on it. (Daily News)

Community leader Tony Avella takes action against graffiti in Whitestone. (Queens Gazette)

Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communications Workers of America Local 1180, explains the terms of his union1s new labor deal. (CWA 1180)

District 19 candidate Tony Avella announces a traffic plan that he says will give people a greater say in how their neighborhood traffic problems are solved. (Daily News)

The New York City Central Labor Council, a labor group with 1.5 million members in some 450 local unions, gave its backing to 10 of 16 incumbents, skipping an endorsement in six races where the incumbent can run again, but not backing any insurgents against a sitting council member. Among its endorsements in races in which there are no incumbents: John Liu in Flushing (district 20), Bernice Siegal in Hollis (district 23), Melinda Katz in Forest Hills (district 29), Leroy Comrie in St. Albans (district 27) and Arthur Cheliotes in Bayside (district 19). The choice of Cheliotes is not very surprising since he is president of Local 1180 of the Communications Workers of America. (Newsday)

Greg Miley and Chris Butler have decided not to run for City Council, leaving lawyer Dennis Saffran as the leading Republican contender for the seat from the 19th District. Five Democrats remain in the race. (Times Ledger)

As head of the city1s Central Labor Council, it would seem Brian McLaughlin1s decision of who to back in the district 19 race would be an easy one. But tell that to Arthur Cheliotes. (City Limits)

An article on EPA's decision with Malathion spraying, with comments from candidate Joyce Shepard. (Polkonline)

Campaign Finance Board records indicate Queens Democratic leader Thomas Manton last year gave $250 to activist Tony Avella in a Bayside district where union big Arthur Cheliotes leads the money chase, with Jerry Iannece and Joyce Shepard also running. (Daily News)

Abel's successors announce campaign. (Queens Gazette)

District 19 candidate Jerry Iannece responds to hate propaganda distributed in Bayside. (Queens Gazette)

Read a bit of history on Labor Leader Arthur Cheliotes, and where he stands in the race for a City Council seat in district 19. (Queens Gazette)

Read how Joyce Shepard is part of a coalition demanding a federal investigation on EPA Reversal of Malathion. The spraying of Malathion last year made many children ill. EPA's refusal to accept Malathion as a toxic is being challenged even though Health Commissioner Neal Cohen declared otherwise. (Pick Your News)



Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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