District 23 Queens

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-David I. Weprin, Dem 20,475 - 69 percent
Philip T. Sica, Rep 9,296 - 31 percent

Primary Election Results

David I. Weprin 10,102
Jairam D. Thakral 2,830
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: Sheldon S. Leffler (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:

  • Philip T. Sica (Rep/Ind/Con/RTL)
  • David Weprin (Dem/Lib/Wor)


Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Philip T. Sica
Contributors to Jairam D. Thakral
Contributors to David Weprin

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 23

Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

A Suburb In the City, Except Diverse

In many ways the neighborhoods of Queens Village, Floral Park, Glen Oaks, and Oakland Gardens, with their many single-family detached houses, more closely resemble western Nassau County than the rest of the city. With its safe streets and more suburban feel, the area has become attractive to many young families, including new immigrants, from India, Korea, Guyana and Haiti.

That may be why, though the three candidates seeking to replace Sheldon Leffler are remarkably different from one another, all three have made the same two issues as their top priority - education and "safe" new homes.

Bernice Siegal, Leffler's legal counsel, said the number one issue facing her constituents, and the city at large, is the lack of quality public education. As a "proud graduate" of Queens schools, Siegal thinks city government needs to shift its emphasis from quality of life and public safety measures to the city's sprawling school system.

Jairam Thakral, an accountant and a native of Delhi who hopes to become the first Indian on the city council, said the population of District 23 has outgrown its school system. He hopes he can use his financial experience to "give something back" to the schools and the area.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.

Race: (total population: 147,143)

  • White,. non-Hispanic: 59%
  • Black, non-Hispanic: 13%
  • Hispanic: 13%
  • Asian: 15%

Median income: $59,486 (5th highest out of 51 districts)

Unemployment rate: 5%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

David Weprin, brother of State Assemblyman Mark Weprin, and son of the late Assembly Speaker Saul Weprin, points to the innovative middle school of school district 29, in which students can choose from an array of academic choices in the course of their studies, as a model education initiative he would like to replicate in his council district. Weprin, who is an attorney and an executive in the financial services field, is opposed to school vouchers and would like to see an increase in teacher salaries to attract "new, young, qualified" instructors and reduce class size.

Also on the agenda for these candidates is the need for safe, affordable housing. A long-time tenant's rights advocate, Siegal notes that too many houses in her district have been converted to multi-family dwellings in ways that are unsafe, putting these homes and the people that live in them in danger from fire and overcrowding. She also proposes a coordinated effort among various city agencies to identify land upon which new homes can be erected. In her plan, these new housing developments would include rent-stabilized units for lower income residents as well as market-rate housing. Weprin aims to keep real estate taxes low in order to attract new families.

Despite the candidates' agreement on the issues, each claims support from different sectors of the county party.

Thakral is counting on immigrant voters and feels the term-limits that will oust Councilman Leffler out of his seat after 23 years in office, provides a great opportunity for many of the city's new residents to become more involved in politics.

"Diversity is key," said Thakral. "These people [from immigrant groups] are professional people: doctors, lawyers, accountants, computer technicians - and they want to take part in the process. This is their adopted motherland."

Siegal has garnered the endorsement of State Assemblywoman Cathy Nolan. Weprin, a county Democratic leader, enjoys the support of the County Democratic Party hierarchy.

However Councilmember Leffler, saying he's "friendly with all the candidates," declines to endorse any of them. Leffler's reticence is perhaps the result of his current quest for Claire Shulman's soon-to-be vacated post of Queens Borough President. By endorsing his staff member Siegal, an unexpected challenger to establishment candidate Weprin, he could risk losing the party's support in his own race.

Weprin is currently leading in fundraising, followed by Siegal and Thakral. But Thakral was once quoted in the Times of India as saying his middle initial "D." stands for "dollar." He will also have to overcome the political connections of his opponents to win the council seat. He thinks he has a shot at it.

"American democracy should not be a dynasty," said Thakral. "It should reflect diversity."

Campaign Update:

In May, front runner Bernice Siegal was offered a judgeship by Queens Democratic leaders, which would mean she would have to drop out of the race for city council and help pave the way for candidate David Weprin.

"That night I cried," Siegal told the Queens Courier. "I knew that I could have beaten David. The posters were ordered. A mailing was about to go out. And I was winning. But being a judge is what I always wanted to be. It's for a ten year term. And I'll stay there for the rest of my career. So, in the end, I'm happy."

So is David Weprin, who was endorsed by the Queens Democratic organization, and is banking on the $180,000 he has raised, and his familiar family name.

"I grew up being taught that public service is a noble profession," said Weprin. "My father's home number was always listed for the public, as is mine. I enjoy dealing with the public and was exposed to it at an early age."

But Weprin's opponents said that the Queens delegation of city council needs diversity, not a family legacy and a political machine candidate. Jairam Thakral hopes to be the first Indian-American in the city council.

"Unlike other immigrants who came before us, like the Jewish community or the Italians, all of whom went into politics, South Asians basically went on to embrace business and economics," said Thakral in an interview with the Times of India. "We need to change that."

Philip Sica, who is backed by the Republican, Independent, Conservative and Right to Life parties said it is time for more Republicans in the city council.

"If you have a minority representative in the council, it keeps the people in power in check," said Sica, who bills himself as the "quality of life" candidate. "I want to keep the good things Mayor Giuliani accomplished continuing and help keep crime going down."

Posted 8/8/01


Candidate Biographies

Philip T. Sica is a graduate of the Cardinal Hayes Memorial High School in the Bronx, Pace University, and New York Law School. He worked as a detective for the Housing Authority and city fire department. After retiring from his career of civil service in 1980, he pursued a ministerial degree from Atlantic Union College and was the pastor of the Seventh-day Adventist Church for 18 years. He also served in the United States Army and is active in veteran affairs.

Jairam D. Thakral is a native of Delhi, India who has lived in the U.S. since 1971. He has served as chief financial officer of the Long Island State Veteran's home for over a decade. Before that, he held the same position at Kings County Hospital in Brooklyn. He has a Masters in Business Administration from St. Johns University and is a founder of 21st Century Democratic Club in Queens.

David Weprin is graduate of Jamaica High School, the State University at Albany, and Hofstra University School of Law. He has served as deputy superintendent of banking in the Cuomo administration, chair of the Securities Industries Association, and a member of the Giuliani administration's tax reform task force. Since 1987 he has worked as an attorney with four major Wall Street firms. He has also served as Democratic district leader and is on the boards of directors of many Queens organizations.


Campaign Trail


Newsday announces its endorsements in a number of Queens City Council races.

District 19: Jerry Iannece's "legal experience and community activism make him qualified. Each of his opponents - particularly Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communications Workers of America Local 1180, and the party-backed Tony Avella. . . is a credible candidate. But Iannece has the most innovative ideas for addressing the district's needs."

District 20. "John Liu, the party designee, could have avoided some last-minute controversy had he used better judgment. As a member of Community Board 7 in Flushing, he voted last year with the majority to approve a variance for a development company whose partners include a campaign contributor. Liu, an actuary, should have recused himself. . . . We hope he has learned something about appearances. Still, his energy and impressive command of the issues make up for his lack of political acumen. And while his civic service isn't as long as that of opponent Ethel Chen, he seems better suited to alleviate the tensions between old-time residents and new immigrants.

District 21. "Despite the ethnic conflict dividing various Latino communities in the district, the four candidates - all Latinos - are evenly matched. . . .Luis Rosero is the most appealing. . . .His background gives him intimate knowledge of government and politics. His contacts at the federal level wouldn't hurt, either. He also understands the common concerns of a diverse population."

District 22. "As a member of Queens School Board 30, John Ciafone has worked diligently on behalf of school kids. . . . But Ciafone made a mistake that we cannot overlook: His ads in a local weekly newspaper boasted of endorsements by mayoral candidates Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green. Such endorsements never existed. Ciafone says the ads should have read "supported," not "endorsed" - a stretch, to say the least. . . . That leaves Peter Vallone Jr., the party's designee. Voters get more than a name with Vallone. He helped found a community group to fight power plants in western Queens. And he has learned something from watching his father's success as Council speaker. Newsday endorses Vallone."

District 23. "David Weprin is a Democratic district leader, his brother is a state assemblyman, and their late father was Assembly speaker. By contrast, Jairam Thakral immigrated from India 30 years ago, got an MBA from St. John's and recently retired as chief financial officer of the State Veterans Home on Long Island. Thakral emphasizes his financial experience in dealing with city, state and federal governments. . . . He contrasts his "diversity" with Weprin's "dynasty." Weprin, a lawyer, was the state's deputy superintendent of banks. . . . Thakral radiates eagerness to improve the city's quality of life, but Weprin has more experience and a deeper knowledge of the district. We endorse Weprin.

District 24. "The three candidates are already on the public payroll. Barry Grodenchik is Borough President Claire Shulman's chief administrative officer. He emphasizes the downside of the 2012 Olympics, which he says could freeze development in western Queens and shut down much of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park for years. James Gennaro has been a policy analyst for the City Council since 1990, specializing in environmental issues. He's positive on the 2012 Olympics but negative on destroying Flushing Meadows wetlands to create a rowing course for the games. David Reich, chief of staff to a state senator from Brooklyn, cites his experience drafting bills in Albany . Gennaro offers greater familiarity with the council and broader concern for the environment. We endorse Gennaro."

District 25. "The organization person in this multi-candidate race is Helen Sears, a longtime district leader and community affairs director at Elmhurst Hospital Center. . . . Louisa Chan, a nurse and three-term secretary of School Board 24, wants community school boards to have more power and the central board to be elected. Magdalena Schultheis, vice president of an international hospitality consulting firm, would like to cut back bureaucracy to produce more affordable housing. James Van Bramer, community affairs manager for the Queensborough Public Library, has been an activist for campaign finance reform as well as gay and lesbian rights. . . .Finally, Rudolph Greco is a lawyer, civic enthusiast and author of a children's history of Jackson Heights. Along with a dedicated tax to provide higher teacher pay and smaller classes, he would encourage corporate partnerships to improve schools. Greco is a convivial, seasoned, one-of-a-kind candidate with a shrewd grasp of the district's needs and possibilities. Newsday endorses Greco. (Newsday)

In Eastern Queens, or district 23, Jairim D. Thakral hopes to make his presence felt. He brandished himself to be the "people's candidate." In a tour of Gurdurwara, a Mosque, and a temple, Thakral delivered several speeches, which reflected his desire for "political empowerment for my community." Amongst his accomplishments are over thirty years experience at positions with both city and state. He also has a great deal of experience as financial administrator. He is aware of the benefits of his prior work experience. He showed this when he stated that "I know how the government runs and how the funds are appropriated and each district gets the money for services depending on the power you have." His support in the district has been great. Amongst his priorities include an improvement in the New York health care system. He wants to save the public hospital system, primarily for veterans and the uninsured. He also wants to see improvements in all other areas of community interest. Such areas include: facilities for the elderly, the recreational system, the educational system, and facilities for the youth of the district. The candidates share the view that in the past, the community has focused solely on economics, employment, education and family. Now they feel that there should be focus on political empowerment. Should these three be elected, their view of political empowerment could be attained. Said Thakral: "We have nobody to take care of our interests, at the city or state." Should they be elected, they feel the interests of our community would no longer be a concern. (India Post)

Bernice Siegal, a candidate for district 23, was offered a judgeship. "I didn't anticipate this," she told me. "But last Thursday, at the Democratic Dinner, (Dem organization operative) Mike Reich goes over to Honey Miller (the Dem District Leader who heads Siegal's club, the Eleanor Roosevelt Democrats). Honey comes to me and Honey, Mike, and I talk. Mike offers me the judgeship. That would mean that I'd have to drop out and County's candidate, David Weprin, would get the Council seat. I figured that a bird in the hand is worth . . . well, I said yes. Then, that night I cried. I knew that I could have beaten David. The posters were ordered. A mailing was about to go out. And I was winning. But being a judge is what I always wanted to be. It's for a ten year term. And I'll stay there for the rest of my career. So, in the end, I'm happy." Honey Miller was concerned that this judgeship would prejudice her club in the granting of future judgeships. However, Reich assured her that this judgeship would be "charged" to David Weprin and his Saul Weprin Democratic Club. (Queens Courier)

Foreign-Born Pols Aim to Make Voices Heard With term limits forcing 36 of the 51 City Council members into retirement next year, an unprecedented number of foreign-born New Yorkers are already laying the groundwork to run for the vacated seats. >From Dominicans in Manhattan's Washington Heights, to Taiwanese and Koreans in Flushing, Queens, to Africans and Haitians in Flatbush, these candidates and their supporters see a historic opportunity to break new ground. If they succeed, the face of municipal government will likely change overnight, political observers say. (Daily News)

Changes in the Political Map of Queens since era of Donald Manes ended in 1985.

There has developed a strong dynastic tendency among people in office. At least half a dozen sons have succeeded their fathers, or are preparing to do so. Mark Weprin succeeded his father, Saul Weprin, in the Assembly. And Mark's brother, David Weprin, is a candidate for City Council in a district that includes Mark Weprin's district. Alan Hevesi's son Dan Hevesi, became State Senator in a district that includes Alan Hevesi's old Assembly District. Evan Stavisky became Democratic District Leader in the same district that his father, Leonard Stavisky, represented and Leonard Stavisky's wife, Toby Stavisky, now represents the same State Senate district that her late husband represented. At least five sons of famous Queens legislators are preparing City Council campaigns for next year, and most will be favored to win. They include the sons of Councilman Peter Vallone and former Congressman Joe Addabbo. (Queens Courier)

Jairam Thakral, the 63-year-old native of Delhi, has been the chief financial officer of the Long Island State Veterans Home at the State University of New York at Stony Brook since 1990. Thakral sees himself ideally cut out for the job of councilman because of his varied experiences as an administrative person as well as his exposure to hospital and the health-care system. "I feel my experience can go a long way in changing things," he said. (Times of India)

Already, foreign-born Queens residents are throwing their respective hats into the ring for the 2001 elections. For instance, Trevor Rupnarain, who was born in Guyana, made his official announcement that he's running for Councilman Tom White's seat in the Richmond Hill area. Jairam Thakral, who was born in India, announced in December that he's seeking Sheldon Leffler's eastern Queens seat. All say it's about time leaders of their communities like themselves entered and embraced American politics. (Daily News)

Over the next two years hundreds of people will be entering the political ring in races for the City Council. Term limits have brought the game into the reach of an endless number of political junkies. One case is a Democratic leader from Queens, David Weprin. Weprin is running for the term-limited seat of Sheldon Leffler. In an effort to stay in touch with his neighbors and fellow citizens, Mr. Weprin publishes his home phone in the ads he purchases, hoping to solicit calls from people in need. (Queens Tribune)




Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

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Board of Elections
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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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