District 25 Jackson Heights/East Elmhurst/Corona

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-Helen Sears, Dem 10,223 - 82 percent
Magdalena U. Schultheis, Ind 914 - 7 percent
James G. Van Bramer, WF 842 - 7 percent
Barton Goft, Grn 437 - 4 percent

Primary Election Results

Helen Sears 2,705
James G. Van Bramer 1,930
Rudolph E. Greco 1,865
Magdalena U. Schultheis 1,157
Louisa M. Chan 914
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: John D. Sabini (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:

Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Contributors to Louisa Chan
Barton Goft has not filed.
Contributors to Rudy Greco
Contributors to Magdalena Schultheis
Contributors to Helen Sears
Contributors to Jimmy Van Bramer

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 25

Campaign Tangle:
Petition challenges have not been kind to the large field of candidates in district 25. Albert Blake, Jr., Frank Castro, Louisa Chan, Rodolfo Flores, Michael Lehman, and S. Terry Lewis have been knocked off the ballot for the Democratic party. Chan had over 200 signatures invalidated because people signed the abbreviation NYC instead of New York City. Helen Sears has been removed from the Liberal party line, but will remain as a Democratic candidate. See the Campaign Update and Campaign Trail for more details.

Posted 8/8/01

Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

They Live Globally, But Don't Vote Locally

Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world.

In an area commonly known as Little India, women wear saris and Sikh men wear turbans and people come from across the city to eat at one of the best Indian restaurants in the city, the Jackson Diner. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners.

So it is no surprise that this election year a district where the students at P.S. 19 speak forty different languages has produced a cast of equally diverse City Council candidates.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.


  • 26% White, non-Hispanic
  • 8% Black, non-Hispanic
  • 35% Hispanic
  • 31% Asian

Median income:$45,051 (Ranks 28th out of 51)

Unemployment rate: 7%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

The candidates are Chinese, Peruvian, Italian, Colombian, gay, straight, male, and female, and they work as a locker-room attendant, a district leader, a nurse, a lawyer, an organizer, and as school officials.

"It is natural for the different groups in our area to be protective of their cultural life, and that is good," said candidate Helen Sears. "But there has to be one single voice for the district to play a major role in the city."

Come Election Day, though, many of the voices voters might want will probably not even be on the ballot.

To be an official candidate, each person has to get at least 900 unduplicated signatures from registered voters in their district. Currently there are eight candidates for office and not enough voters to go around.

"This district is one of the most crowded in the city, but it also has some of the lowest voter turnout in the city," said outgoing Councilmember John Sabini. "Come July, it is going to be very difficult for all these candidates to mobilize their own bases and fill the petitions for their candidacies."

While the area and the candidates running are diverse, the issues facing the district are similar to those affecting the rest of the city.

Like nearly every district, education is at the top of the list.

The district has seen the second highest number of new school construction projects in the last ten years. Over 12,000 new seats have been added during the tenure of Councilmember Sabini (who also serves as chair of the school siting committee), but this has not solved the problem of overcrowded classrooms. "We are short 6,000 seats in this district," says Louisa Chan, secretary of school board 24 and a candidate from Corona. "If we don't build more schools now, we could be building more jail cells in the future."

Housing is another major concern. A wide variety of housing with multiple dwellings, single family homes, co-ops, and converted buildings scattered throughout the area. Illegal conversions sometimes lead to overcrowding and brutal living conditions, with tenants living in small apartments or private garages with no heat, water, or lighting.

"City Council has to act to ensure that something happens when the housing laws are broken," said Helen Sears.

Others feel that the rest of the city generally overlooks Queens.

"This district has the population density of Manhattan, but receives second-rate Queens coverage," said Jackson Height's attorney Rudy Greco. "For full police patrol coverage of the area, 600 cops are needed. But there are less than 200 in the 115th Precinct. It's another case where the government is in default."

Other issues that candidates hope to bring to the council include a number of quality-of-life concerns like traffic congestion and health care.

"There are serious safety and congestion issues on 37th Avenue, Broadway, and Roosevelt Avenue," says P. Wayne Mahlke, an administrative director for a local nonprofit. "There needs to be limits on how much traffic can come through these areas at certain times, with schools and shopping attracting so many pedestrians on these streets."

Proposals to privatize the Elmhurst Hospital Center, which as one of only two municipal hospitals in Queens serves over a million people, has some candidates concerned that services and the residents they serve may suffer. "The hospital is so essential to the district," says Jimmy Van Bramer, a local community activist. "Everyone needs to be served and no one should be left behind by privatization."

Ultimately with varied constituencies and the lack of a clear single front-runner, the winner of the City Council seat may very well be the candidate who can form the broadest coalitions. So far, the Democratic district leadership of Queens has not lined up behind one specific candidate.

This free-for-all has caused some candidates who initially said they were running, like Michael Den Dekker, an employee with the Department of Sanitation, to drop out of the race. Other candidates will likely follow.

Still, being part of a crowded field is not a deterrent for some with City Council ambitions. "People will drop out of the race and other people could join," says Mahlke, "but I am just focusing on what I am doing. It is really too early to tell who's going to be there in the end. I am determined to be here for the long haul."

The voters of district 25--although they are few--may be in for the longest ride of all.

posted 3/23/01

Campaign Update:

The expansive list of candidates for City Council in district 25 has changed significantly over the course of the campaign season. Ellen Raffaele, regarded as one of the front-runners for the seat, dropped out of the race at the end of May. The Queens Democratic organization reportedly offered her and her husband political appointments in return. Queens boss Thomas Manton then endorsed Helen Sears.

P. Wayne Mahlke ended his candidacy in May, leaving Jimmy Van Bramer as the only openly gay candidate from a district with a substantial gay and lesbian population. Van Bramer also received the Working Families Party endorsement.

There are new candidates to the race as well. Magdalena Schultheis, a Polish immigrant and vice-president of a hotel and restaurant-consulting firm, is running on a platform of "education, public safety, and accessibility and accountability." Schultheis said she is the first ever Polish immigrant to run for City Council. Albert Blake, Jr., president of the Lefrak City Tenants Association and the only African-American candidate in the district, is focused on youth services and cites his experience with State Assemblymember Jeffrion Aubry.

S. Terry Lewis, a middle school teacher and community activist, also planned a run, but now he and Blake will likely not appear on the ballot in September because of decisions by the Board of Elections when their petitions were challenged.

They are not alone. The Queens County Democratic Organization has challenged the petitions of six different candidates in hopes of eliminating Helen Sears's competition. According to the Board of Elections, Albert Blake, Jr., Rodolfo Flores, S. Terry Lewis, Louisa Chan, Michael Lehman, and Frank Castro have been knocked off the ballot for the Democratic party.

Chan had over 200 signatures invalidated because people signed the abbreviation NYC instead of New York City and then tried to correct it by crossing out the previous entry. "We have been collecting signatures door-to-door, and there is no fraudulence at all," said Chan. "I have to fight this." Her campaign will appeal the ruling.

Other candidates do not have that luxury, however. "I believe my campaign is over for 2001," said Lewis. "We simply don't have the funds to fight this challenge."

Helen Sears, who has been knocked of the Liberal line, did not return requests for an interview.

Posted 8/8/01

Candidate Biographies

Albert Blake, Jr., is President of the Lefrak City Tenants Association. He is Chief Community Liaison for Assemblymember Jeff Aubry and has been a Democratic State Committee member since 1992. Blake is also the Director of the Kenny Anderson Lefrak City Classic Basketball Tournament.

Frank Castro is president of the I.S. 5 parents association and sits on the Presidents Panel of Community School Board 24.

Louisa Chan is a nurse and is secretary of Community School Board 24, on which she is now serving her third term. She is President of the Friendship Athletic Group and a former President of the PS 13 Parents' Association.

Rodolfo Flores, a former Peruvian naval officer, works for the Board of Education. He has served on Community Board 3 and has also served on the Neighborhood Advisory Board for Jackson Heights, East-Elmhurst and Corona. Flores is also involved with the Pan-American Democratic Club.

Barton Goft is a member of Community Board 3 and is active in the Green Party.

Rudy Greco, lawyer and local community leader, was also a former president of the Jackson Heights Beautification Group. He founded Caffe Greco in Jackson Heights and has also written a children's history of the area. Greco also helped to organize Friends of Travers Park.

Michael Lehman (no information available)

S. Terry Lewis teaches middle school science at St. John's Lutheran.

Magdalena Schultheis is the vice president of an international hospitality-consulting firm. Schultheis is an Elmhurst hospital volunteer and an ESL-program coordinator.

Helen Sears serves as the district leader. She has also worked in hospital administration, aging, and transportation. Sears was corporation-founder of the 82nd Street Business Improvement District and was formerly a Senior Specialist with the New York City Department of Aging.

Jimmy Van Bramer is the manager of Community Affairs at the Queens Public Library's Central branch. He was the Queens field director for "Clean Money, Clean Elections" and also currently serves as a member of the Advisory Board for Citizen Action of New York City.

Campaign Trail


Newsday announces its endorsements in a number of Queens City Council races.

District 19: Jerry Iannece's "legal experience and community activism make him qualified. Each of his opponents - particularly Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communications Workers of America Local 1180, and the party-backed Tony Avella. . . is a credible candidate. But Iannece has the most innovative ideas for addressing the district's needs."

District 20. "John Liu, the party designee, could have avoided some last-minute controversy had he used better judgment. As a member of Community Board 7 in Flushing, he voted last year with the majority to approve a variance for a development company whose partners include a campaign contributor. Liu, an actuary, should have recused himself. . . . We hope he has learned something about appearances. Still, his energy and impressive command of the issues make up for his lack of political acumen. And while his civic service isn't as long as that of opponent Ethel Chen, he seems better suited to alleviate the tensions between old-time residents and new immigrants.

District 21. "Despite the ethnic conflict dividing various Latino communities in the district, the four candidates - all Latinos - are evenly matched. . . .Luis Rosero is the most appealing. . . .His background gives him intimate knowledge of government and politics. His contacts at the federal level wouldn't hurt, either. He also understands the common concerns of a diverse population."

District 22. "As a member of Queens School Board 30, John Ciafone has worked diligently on behalf of school kids. . . . But Ciafone made a mistake that we cannot overlook: His ads in a local weekly newspaper boasted of endorsements by mayoral candidates Fernando Ferrer and Mark Green. Such endorsements never existed. Ciafone says the ads should have read "supported," not "endorsed" - a stretch, to say the least. . . . That leaves Peter Vallone Jr., the party's designee. Voters get more than a name with Vallone. He helped found a community group to fight power plants in western Queens. And he has learned something from watching his father's success as Council speaker. Newsday endorses Vallone."

District 23. "David Weprin is a Democratic district leader, his brother is a state assemblyman, and their late father was Assembly speaker. By contrast, Jairam Thakral immigrated from India 30 years ago, got an MBA from St. John's and recently retired as chief financial officer of the State Veterans Home on Long Island. Thakral emphasizes his financial experience in dealing with city, state and federal governments. . . . He contrasts his "diversity" with Weprin's "dynasty." Weprin, a lawyer, was the state's deputy superintendent of banks. . . . Thakral radiates eagerness to improve the city's quality of life, but Weprin has more experience and a deeper knowledge of the district. We endorse Weprin.

District 24. "The three candidates are already on the public payroll. Barry Grodenchik is Borough President Claire Shulman's chief administrative officer. He emphasizes the downside of the 2012 Olympics, which he says could freeze development in western Queens and shut down much of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park for years. James Gennaro has been a policy analyst for the City Council since 1990, specializing in environmental issues. He's positive on the 2012 Olympics but negative on destroying Flushing Meadows wetlands to create a rowing course for the games. David Reich, chief of staff to a state senator from Brooklyn, cites his experience drafting bills in Albany . Gennaro offers greater familiarity with the council and broader concern for the environment. We endorse Gennaro."

District 25. "The organization person in this multi-candidate race is Helen Sears, a longtime district leader and community affairs director at Elmhurst Hospital Center. . . . Louisa Chan, a nurse and three-term secretary of School Board 24, wants community school boards to have more power and the central board to be elected. Magdalena Schultheis, vice president of an international hospitality consulting firm, would like to cut back bureaucracy to produce more affordable housing. James Van Bramer, community affairs manager for the Queensborough Public Library, has been an activist for campaign finance reform as well as gay and lesbian rights. . . .Finally, Rudolph Greco is a lawyer, civic enthusiast and author of a children's history of Jackson Heights. Along with a dedicated tax to provide higher teacher pay and smaller classes, he would encourage corporate partnerships to improve schools. Greco is a convivial, seasoned, one-of-a-kind candidate with a shrewd grasp of the district's needs and possibilities. Newsday endorses Greco. (Newsday)

The New York Times today endorsed a candidate in this race. District 25 (Jackson Heights, East Elmhurst, Corona): In a diverse field of seven, the top candidates are Helen Sears, the pick of the Democratic county organization; Jimmy Van Bramer, a gay activist; and Rudy Greco, a real estate lawyer and community leader. Mr. Van Bramer offers promise for future races, but Mr. Greco is the most thoughtful candidate. He has worked hard in the district for years, and has even produced a children's book on Jackson Heights for fourth-grade students in the area. We endorse Rudy Greco.

Rodolfo Flores, who wants to run for the City Council, believed that district 25 voters should be allowed to choose who would represent them. And he is still paying for it more than two weeks after the Board of Elections kept him on the Democratic primary election ballot. The Queens Democratic organization is trying to knock him off. (Daily News)

After facing down a petition challenge and eking out 913 valid signatures, Flores now faces more uncertainty over his candidacy due to a lawsuit served by lawyers for Helen Sears's campaign. (Daily News)

Louisa Chan was forced off the ballot after a Board of Elections ruling today. Her petitions were challenged by lawyers representing Helen Sears and the Queens Democratic County Organization. (Daily News)

Ellen Raffaele has dropped out of the race for City Council in district 25, Jackson Heights. Insiders say the Queens machine has offered her a district leadership as well as future consideration for her husband for a judicial post. (Daily News)

Helen Sears held a fundraiser for her campaign in Queens. Currently she leads all candidates in the district in fundraising. (Queens Gazette)

Democratic District Leader Helen Sears downplays reports that the Queens Democratic County Organization is split between her own candidacy for Council and that of John Sabini staffer Ellen Raffaele in Jackson Heights' 25th Council district. "I'm clearly the most qualified, the one with the best record and the best ability to serve," said Sears. (Queens Courier)

Michael G. Den Dekker, running to replace John Sabini in the 25th City Council district, claims the backing of the powerful president of the Sanitation union, Peter Scarlatos. Scarlots is also co-chair of the Municipal Labor Union, and a man "who rarely delves into electoral politics," as reporter William Murphy puts it. But Den Dekker is a sanitation worker. (Newsday)

In City Council District 25 in Jackson Heights, Queens, twelve people so far, including two gay activists, a nurse, a locker-room attendant, and a couple of staffers of public officials, have announced their candidacy for the City Council seat held by John Sabini. The field is so crowded and so diverse, observes Rob McKay in City Limits Weekly, that the winner may wind up needing only 10 percent of the vote. The candidates include two members of the Lesbian and Gay Democratic Club of Queens, Jimmy Van Bramer, who is considered one of the front runners, and P.Wayne Mahlke. There are several members of local school boards, including Louisa Chan (the nurse), Frank Castro ("locker floor manager" to a ritzy health club) and Ellen Raffaele, who is an ex-aide to Sabini. Though the district is 40 percent Latino, "Latino" is not a voting bloc in an area with so many different countries of origin: Two other candidates are William Salgado, a Colombian, and Rodolfo Flores, a Peruvian. McKay quotes a Jackson Heights politico as predicting that several of the candidates will drop out and form coalitions with the others. (City Limits)

Den Dekker holds fundraiser; Other candidates running in Jackson Heights/East Elmhurst. (Western Queens Gazette)

Helen Sears announces her candidacy for the City Council District 25 seat. (Queens Courier)



Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

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Board of Elections
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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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