District 29 Forest Hills, Kew Gardens, Rego Park

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What is Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a guide to the political races in what many are calling New York City's most significant campaign season in modern history.

What is so significant about it?
For the first time in memory, most political offices in the city will be wide open to people who have neither money nor connections.

Why will the races be so open?
There are two reasons. This year, a new law goes into effect that limits the terms of New York City elected officials, forcing the mass retirement of most incumbents in the city - including the mayor, the comptroller, the public advocate, four of the five borough presidents, and 36 of the 51 members of the City Council. At the same time, a new campaign finance law kicks in, which allows any candidate who agrees to certain restrictions to collect four dollars of matching funds for every dollar they raise.

What does this have to do with this site?
As a public service, Searchlight on Campaign 2001 has a separate page for each race, including all the races for City Council, that not only sorts out the candidates -- many of them new and unfamiliar -- but also offers an opportunity to learn about the issues, and the districts themselves.

Who is behind Searchlight on Campaign 2001?
Searchlight on Campaign 2001 is a project of Gotham Gazette, a non-profit, non-partisan, non-ideological (but non-boring) web site about New York City news, policy and politics published by Citizens Union Foundation, part of the oldest and largest good-government group in the city (founded in 1897).

What's wrong with the way the regular press covers the races?
That is for you to decide. And one of our regular features, Campaign Trail, helps you to decide. Campaign Trail provides succinct summaries and links to campaign articles in the commercial press.

Who are we?


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Learn more about this district in Searchlight 2002

General Election Results

x-Melinda R. Katz, Dem 16,332 - 65 percent
Rene Lobo, Rep 7,570 - 30 percent
Norbert Chwat, Con 566 - 2 percent
Jeannette L. Evans, Gre 399 - 2 percent
Joseph E. Tiraco, Ind 254 - 1 percent

Primary Election Results

Melinda R. Katz 7,958
Lynn C. Schulman 3,055
(Official Vote Count from the Board of Elections)

Incumbent: Karen Koslowitz (can't run in 2001)

The Candidates:

Contributors to these candidates, according to the Campaign Finance Board:

Norbert Chwat has not yet filed
Contributors to Jeanette L. Evans
Contributors to Melinda Katz
Contributors to Renu Lobo
Contributors to Lynn Schulman
Contributors to Joseph E. Tiraco

City's Official Primary Election Voter Guide for Residents of District 29

Issue Statements :
District 29 candidates' statements on the issues, at Savvyvoter.org

Campaign Tangle:
Jeannette Evans and Norbert Chwat have been eliminated from the Democratic line, and Alan Munn has been removed from the Republican line. Evans's sin was a faulty cover sheet. Chwat's campaign manager and wife suffered a mini-stroke while attempting to defend her husband's petition. While the couple was at the hospital, Chwat was removed from the ballot. See the Campaign Update for more details. Posted 8/13/01

Campaign Feature:
[Campaign Update]

A Sure Thing?

Compared to many parts of New York City, life in the 29th Council District seems tranquil. Although there are students in crowded classrooms, poor people struggling to make ends meet and senior citizens in need of meals and other services, the district includes some of the city's most pleasant residential neighborhoods, complete with lawns, trees and shrubbery.

At least for now, many contenders for the council seat in the district, which includes Forest Hills, Kew Gardens, Rego Park and parts of Maspeth and Ridegwood, have been scared off by the presence of a perceived front runner, Melinda Katz.

Katz, an aide to Queens Borough President Claire Schulman, represented much of the council district in the state assembly, but left that post in 1998 to seek the U.S. House seat being vacated by Charles Schumer. Katz had the backing of City Comptroller Alan Hevesi and County Democratic Chairman Tom Manton but lost to Schumer's choice, Anthony Weiner, by less than 500 votes.

Area Profile
For a detailed profile of this district from City Project, click here.


  • White 67%
  • Hispanic 15%
  • Asian 13%
  • Black 5%

Median income: $52,618 (ranks 14th out of 51)

Unemployment rate: 5%

For more information on this district -- its schools, its crime statistics and more -- click here.

Perhaps because of that experience, Katz says she is not counting on anything this time around. "I don't think anyone should ever take anything, particularly people's votes , for granted," she says. "When you do, you shouldn't be seeking elective office."

Katz has at least two opponents in the Democratic Party. Like her, both have been involved in the district for a long time. One, Lynn Schulman, worked for the county council and then served in city government before leaving to work in public relations. Despite her record, "the person out on the street doesn't know who either of us (Katz or herself) is," she says. Schulman says she has received an endorsement from Councilmember Ronnie Eldridge.

The third Democrat, Norbert Chwat, thinks his status as the only man in the race will boost his candidacy. Along with his wife, Estelle, he is founder of the Forest Hills Action League. Indian-American television journalist Renu Lobo may run on the Republican line.

Both Schulman and Katz see their government experience as an asset, particularly in a council where many will be new to their posts. "Anybody who's elected is going to go in on Jan 1, 2002 and then, on January 16, the mayor is going to give his budget," says Schulman. "You have to hit the ground running" Katz concurs: "On Jan. 1, 2002, councilmembers are going to have to come into office and really be able to create policy, pass budgets and represent their constituents without missing a beat." Her experience prompted at least one columnist to mention her as a possible Council speaker, something she says she is not even thinking about

As more of an outsider, Chwat takes a different tact saying, "We have to cut through the apathy of the elected officials we have here."

Along with single family homes, brick garden and high rise apartment buildings line many streets of the 29th District. A number of those apartments are rent regulated. That, along with low vacancy rates and rising housing costs, makes rent regulation in particular and affordable housing in general a key concern.

Although crime in the area remains low, Schulman, who serves on the 112 Precinct Community Council, says there are pockets of crime. She is particularly concerned that officers in the area are often deployed to other parts of Queens for special events, such as baseball games. Katz cites education, particularly school overcrowding, as a "huge issue."

Chwat's focus is somewhat different. Overflowing trash bins and streets dotted with refuse sparked him to form the action league in 1999. The group encouraged the middle and upper income people of the area to take to the streets to press their demands.

Now, Chwat says, recent pedestrian deaths on Queens Boulevard, which cuts through the district and which he likens to "the Long Island Expressway with parking meters," have spurred him to run for council. Chwat has also targeted the Forest Hills library, which he says does not provide needed services and is difficult for disabled people to use.

All three candidates say they are concerned about services and quality of life. No doubt their constituents share that concern -- even though, to many people in the city, the quality of life in the 29th probably looks pretty good already.

posted 5/11/01

Campaign Update:

The Board of Elections has knocked off three candidates from the primary ballot in district 29. Jeannette Evans and Norbert Chwat have been eliminated from the Democratic line, and Alan Munn has been removed from the Republican line.

Munn, who was running against television journalist Rene Lobo for the Republican nomination, could not be reached for comment about whether he would appeal the decision.

In an unfortunate set of circumstances, his wife and campaign manager, Estelle Chwat, suffered a mini-stroke while attempting to defend her husband's petitions. While the couple was at the hospital, the board voted to remove him. Chwat was offered an opportunity to appeal at a later date, but he declined, he says, because he was tending to his wife.

"I'm very upset and disgusted by these events," says Chwat. His ire was directed in particular at Melinda Katz and the Queens Democratic party's decision to challenge his petitions. "I've been a loyal Democrat for 40 years, carrying petitions for people like Alan Hevesi, and even Melinda Katz, but they still objected. This is unconscionable, and I resent it deeply."

Despite the setback, Chwat continues his run as the candidate for the Conservative party, which approached him several weeks ago. He still hopes to focus his campaign on improving the district's sanitation, housing, and transportation policies, and relieving overcrowded schools.

Jeannette Evans was knocked off the Democratic ballot, she says, for submitting a faulty cover sheet to her petition and the signatures. "The Board of Elections just wasn't very communicative whenever I had a question about the format for the cover sheet or the petition," says Evans. "It's almost pitiful."

Evans is still enthusiastic about continuing her run as the Green party candidate. "People were very receptive," says Evans. "They seem ready for a third party option, for a new voice and a new viewpoint. We have people in office who are the status quo. I oppose the status quo."

Evans has focused her campaign on several issues, arguing for increased environmental protection, affordable housing, and education. She has also spoken in favor of a new traffic control policy and hopes to halt illegal construction in residential areas in order to preserve neighborhoods.

Meanwhile, Joseph Tiraco has just begun his campaign in earnest. The self-described community activist is running as the Independence Party candidate.

"I would like to see more community involvement," says Tiraco. "We've moved towards a system of centralization around the mayor, where communities don't have much say. I'd like to see more community action and self-governance, and fewer mayoral decrees. We can handle our own affairs." Tiraco also hopes his status as a regular columnist and contributor to local newspapers like the Queens Courier will aid his campaign.

While Katz is still perceived by many as the frontrunner in the district race, the end result is far from certain. Katz faces a stiff challenge from Lynn Schulman in the Democratic primary, and the other candidates -- Chwat Lobo, Munn, and Tiraco -- who will face the winner in the November general election have vowed to keep fighting.

Posted 8/13/01

Candidate Biographies

Norbert Chwat is a Holocaust survivor, who escaped from Nazi Germany at the age of 14. Chwat has lived in the district for 40 years and is currently employed at the New York State Enforcement Agency. He is the chairman of the Public Safety Committee at Community Board 6. He and his wife founded the Forest Hills Action League, and Chwat now serves as the president of the civic association. He served as a military intelligence officer in the European theater during World War II and recently received the New York State Medal for Merit. A graduate of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Washington, DC, Chwat also served as a U.S. foreign service officer.

Jeannette L. Evans is a single mother of two children, who works full time, has been active in the community, and ran unsuccessfully for School Board 24 in 1999.

Melinda Katz is a former member of the state assembly who stepped down to run unsuccessfully for the congressional seat now held by Anthony Weiner. She is now a top aide to Queens Borough President Claire Schulman, serving as the Director of Community Boards. Katz was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1994 and authored numerous bills on health care and child abuse. Prior to running for the State Assembly, Katz was employed by the law firm, Weil, Gotshal, & Manges.

Rene Lobo is television journalist who is currently director of community news for the International Television Network. A prominent member of the Indian community in Queens, Lobo was born in Italy and attended school in New York.

Alan J. Munn is a computer consultant and a member of the Republican county committee for Queens. The son of immigrants from post-Nazi Europe, Munn was born in New York City. He has pursued a law degree and a doctorate in political science. In addition to his job as a consultant, he has also served as a college professor and a volunteer judge in small claims courts. He favors school vouchers, putting city agency budgets on the internet, and open competition for bus service.

Lynn Schulman is the senior vice president and national crisis director for Magnet Communications. She has served as district liaison for Assemblyman William Passannante, chief of staff for City Councilmember Carol Greitzer, and several other positions in city government. She is vice chair of Community Board 6 and an officer in 112th Precinct Council. Schulman began her business career with Edelman Public Relations, and started her own communications firm, i~IMAGE, in 1998.

Joseph Tiraco is a self-described community activist and freelance writer. In the past, he has focused on a wide range of issues, such as the safety and cleanliness of residential areas and equitable tax cuts.


Campaign Trail

Lynn Schulman is facing a daunting task in seeking to replace Forest Hills Councilwoman Karen Koslowitz in district 29. Her opponent in the Democratic primary, Melinda Katz, is well-financed and well-connected. But Schulman has a secret weapon: She's the only Schulman on the ballot this year. (In the past, there was Claire Shulman, popular departing Queens borough president) Pundits have warned, especially after the Florida election debacle, never to overestimate a confused voter. (Daily News)

Home to some of the city's most overcrowded schools, and some of the scariest stretches of Queens Boulevard, District 29 is looking for a new leader in the fall. A former assemblywoman, a public relations executive, a TV newswoman and several community activists are battling for the city council seat now held by Karen Koslowitz, who cannot run again because of term limits. The district includes the sprawling suburban areas of Forest Hills and Kew Gardens as well as Rego Park and parts of Maspeth and Ridgewood. Even with six candidates, there was little disagreement among the contenders about such issues as education, Queens Boulevard safety and rent stabilization.Public relations executive Lynn Schulman and Melinda Katz are running for the Democratic line, while television journalist Rene Lobo is the sole Republican. Norbert Chwat is running as a Conservative, Joseph Tiraco on the Independence line and Jeanette Evans with the Green Party. (Newsday)

Estelle Chwat apparently suffered what doctors termed a mini-stroke while arguing, unsuccessfully, that her husband Norbert should remain on the ballot for the Democratic primary in the 29th District. The Board of Elections quickly disqualified Chwat, whose signature petitions had been challenged by the Queens County Democratic Party, which is backing Melinda Katz's bid for the seat. Chwat, who will remain on the Conservative Party line, said he would not challenge the board's decisions although his wife, who is supposed to remain calm, blasted the board as a "kangaroo court" that should be eliminated. (Daily News)

Lynn Schulman, a candidate in the 29th District, is among 20 City Council hopefuls who have signed a pledge promising that, if elected, they will hold biannual town meetings, conduct an annual district survey and produce an annual constituent service disclosure report. The campaign is sponsored by Queens-based New Immigrant Community Empowerment, or NICE and a coalition of other groups. (Daily News)

Dehli-born, broadcast journalist Renu Lobo is a familiar figure to most Indians. A common figure on weekend television, Lobo hopes to be staunch competition in the District 29 City Council elections. She is the first Asian woman to run for a seat in the district. In an interview with the India post, she stressed her desire to make "a positive impact." In a very diverse district, in which the population is predominantly Jewish and Asian, Lobo hopes to be the "voice of the Indians."

Lobo is involved in a variety of community projects, and is also on the verge of completing her Citizen Police Academy training. This could prove to be a significant step in establishing a good relationship between the police and the community.

She has focused her campaign on a number of issues, ranging from improved benefits for the elderly to improving the public school system. She favors a pay increase for teachers, and modifications to the school year. Also among her main priorities is making public housing more affordable. (India Post)

The Queens County Democratic machine formally voted to endorse Melinda Katz's bid for the council seat from Forest Hills. (Daily News)

The New York City Central Labor Council, a labor group with 1.5 million members in some 450 local unions, gave its backing to 10 of 16 incumbents, skipping an endorsement in six races where the incumbent can run again, but not backing any insurgents against a sitting council member. Among its endorsements in races in which there are no incumbents: John Liu in Flushing (district 20), Bernice Siegal in Hollis (district 23), Melinda Katz in Forest Hills (district 29), Leroy Comrie in St. Albans (district 27) and Arthur Cheliotes in Bayside (district 19). The choice of Cheliotes is not very surprising since he is president of Local 1180 of the Communications Workers of America. (Newsday)

The Lesbian and Gay Democratic Club of Queens has endorsed Melinda Katz in the District 29 race. (Daily News)

The spate of pedestrian deaths on Queens Boulevard has spurred activist Norbert Chwat to run for City Council. (The Communicator)

Community Board 6 in Queens voted unanimously to deny a cabaret license to the new owners of Wiggles, an adult entertainment club in Rego Park. Community Board member Lynn Schulman said that the owner of Wiggles, Wabi Sabi Foods, is not someone "who cares about our neighborhood." (Daily News)

Last November Estelle Chwat was outraged when 14-year-old Sofia Leviyev was killed crossing Queens Boulevard. She organized a massive march, and politicians began to take notice. Now her husband, Norbert, is running for City Council. (Queens Courier)

If she's elected to the council, Melissa Katz could be a candidate for speaker. (Daily News)

In Forest Hills: Borough president senior aide and former Assemblywoman Melinda Katz is seen as unbeatable. The lone Democratic opponent not scared off so far lists nothing on her campaign finance papers. Katz lists $114,000. (Daily News)

The recent ruling by the Conflicts of Interest Board that bars appointed officials, but not elected ones, from campaign fundraising unless they resign, will affect several races, including an aide to Queens Borough President Claire Shulman, Melinda Katz, who is running in district 29. (Daily News)

Renu Lobo, a television host, is one of an unprecedented number of foreign-born candidates running for City Council. (Daily News)

Indian American Renu Lobo says she's running for office partly to encourage Indian Americans to become more involved in politics. (India Abroad News Service; reprinted in Times of India)

Norbert and Estelle Chwat have formed the Forest Hills Action League partly to combat a growing litter problem in Forest Hills and Rego Park. (Daily News)

Anthony Weiner narrowly defeats Melissa Katz and two other Democrats in the primary contest for the U.S. House seat being vacated by Charles Schumer, who was running for Senate.(Daily News )



Districts of the Week

District 1 -- Lower Manhattan
Whoever wins the election in district 1 will represent immigrant Chinese garment workers, as well as Wall Street traders living in Battery Park City. There are several candidates hoping to be the council's firsts -- the first Asian-American man, the first Asian-American woman, the first gay Rhodes Scholar, the first dot-com guru -- running against some politically well connected opponents. Endorsements and fundraising will play a big role in this race. But voter turnout could be the main determinant of who will next represent district 1 on the council. The key question is how many voters from each community will come out on Election Day.

District 7 -- Washington Heights, Manhattan
The northern tip of Manhattan has become one of the most popular places for new immigrants to call home. The northern tip of Manhattan is a place that today's new immigrants call home. The majority have come from the Dominican Republic, but also from countries in South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia. But it is not just new immigrants that are moving in. Students, artists, and other Manhattanites looking for less expensive rents and larger apartments have also moved north. Ten Democratic candidates are competing for the 15,000 voters expected on primary day. The winner who emerges from a crowded field of candidates will have to balance the needs of the newcomers with those who have lived there for years.

District 16 -- Highbridge, Bronx
The neighborhoods of district 16 are the city's poorest, with the highest rate of unemployment and the lowest median household income. But those who live there also point out that much is positive and stable about the area, thanks in large part to local organizations, not-for-profit agencies, and houses of worship that help hold the neighborhoods together. Each candidate for City Council believes that through his or her connections to churches and local organizations, they can help empower the community toward a better life. Helen Foster, the current council member daughter, will face Michael Benjamin, who has worked as an aide to several government officials and Anthony Curry, a Bronx neighborhood activist.

District 20 -- Northeast Flushing, Queens
This year district 20 may elect the first Asian-American ever to the City Council to an area which now has the second highest number of immigrants from Korea and Taiwan in the city. There are three Asian candidates in the Democratic race who have each drawn big endorsements. Council Speaker Peter Vallone endorsed Terence Park, City Comptroller Alan Hevesi endorsed John Liu, and the New York Times recently endorsed Ethel Chen The campaign has also drawn national and international press coverage

District 25 -- Jackson Heights, Queens
Thirty-seventh Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens is one of the most diverse streets in the world. Little India quickly blends into Little Colombia, with vendors selling Latin American food to Colombians, Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. And each summer, the Queens Pride Parade fills the same street with rainbow banners. So it is no surprise that this election year the district produced a diverse field of candidates. A number of them, however, found out that getting on the ballot is not an easy task, especially when the Queens Democratic organization sends teams of lawyers to challenge petitions. But five Democratic candidates survived and will face off on September 11.

District 31 -- South East Queens
When a heavy rain hits southeast Queens, many residents in neighborhoods like Springfield Gardens, Laurelton and Rosedale head to the basement with a bucket in hand. And it has been that way for the last 50 years. In the rush to build housing in the area after World War II, developers overlooked the need for storm drains in hopes that the city would eventually build a city-wide sewer system. The plan never materialized and the area has experienced "100-year rains" three times in the last decade. The eight Democrats -- all with little experience overseeing massive infrastructure projects--will try to convince voters that they can finally solve the flooding problems.

District 35 -- Central Brooklyn
The residents in council district 35 have some of the highest incomes in Brooklyn and some of the lowest. They can play in a famous park and a beautiful botanical garden, and live in the city's most crumbling public housing. They can attend one of the four institutions of higher learning in the district, and the worst-scoring high schools in the city. Such juxtapositions are a way of life for a district that includes the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Brooklyn Museum, and the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens; mid dle-class African-American communities near Prospect Park; immigrant communities from Haiti, Sierra Leon, Nigeria, and Trinidad, and in Crown Heights, a mix of Hasidic Jews and African-Americans. Seven Democratic candidates are campaigning in hopes that they can bring some kind of unity, and attention, to the area. Their backgrounds are as diverse as the neighborhoods themselves.

District 39 -- Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
The candidates in district 39 include a chief of staff for an Assemblywoman, the husband of a member of U.S. Congress, a lawyer for the Legal Aid Society, an attorney and president of the Central Brooklyn Independent Democrats, Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, the district manager of Community Board 6, and a labor organizer. This is the race to watch this year. The group of high-profile Democrats have raised a lot of money, almost $1.4 million combined.

District 45 -- East Flatbush
In no place in the city are the effects of campaign finance reform and term limits being felt more than in East Flatbush. The seven Democratic candidates seeking to represent this largely West Indian district come from a number of Caribbean nations. Many have been working on politicians' staffs and serving with community groups, clearly hoping someday to win their own elected office. Term limits has presented them with that opportunity, and they want to make the most of it. But this race that usually draws only about 8,000 voters could be decided by just a few votes. The candidates are attempting to come up with anything that will separate them from the pack.

District 49 -- North Shore, Staten Island
Staten Island has always been somewhat of a suburban stepchild to New York City. When a 1998 survey asked New Yorkers why they go to Staten Island, the top two responses were ''visiting friends and relatives" and ''passing through.'' But in many ways, the north shore has more in common with areas of Manhattan and Brooklyn than with the rest of the Staten Island. The top priority for all the candidates -- Jon Del Giorno, an administrative manager for the Board of Elections, Mike McMahon, an attorney and counsel to current Councilmember Jerome O'Donovan, and Debi Rose, an administrator at the College of Staten Island and the first African-American candidate in Staten Island politics -- is to make sure that the island becomes more than just a turn-around-point for the over one million tourists who ride the free ferry from Manhattan each year.

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Links You Can Use

Government sites
NYC Campaign Finance Bd.
NYC Board of Elections
NYC Voter Assistance Comm.
NY City Council
Federal Election Comm.

Local non-partisan sites
NY League of Women Voters
Common Cause New York

National non-partisan sites
Ctr. for Responsive Politics
Common Cause
League of Women Voters

NAACP Voter Empowerment
Vote Smart


Political consultants
Amer. Assc. of Pol. Consultants

Prime New York

Gotham Gazette
The Empire Page
Campaigns and Elections
Legislative Gazette

Political columnists
Andrea Bernstein
Joe Conason
Mario Cuomo (radio)
Rudy Giuliani (radio)
Clyde Haberman
Nat Hentoff

Joseph Mercurio
Joyce Purnick
John Tierney
Michael Tomasky

Political parties
Right to Life
Working Families
Marijuana Reform
Natural Law Party
Taxpayers Party

Political clubs and groups
Blueprint Camp. Finance Reform
Central Queens Greens
The Jefferson Democratic Club of Flushing
NY Young Republican Club
Stonewall Democratic Club
Village Independent Dems.

Abbreviations for Party Affiliation

American Dream Party (AMD)
Better Schools Party (BES)
Communist (Com)
Conservative (Con)
Constitution (CST)
Democratic (Dem)
Friends United Party (FUN)
Fusion Party (FUS)
Green (Gre)
Harmony Party (HAR)
Independence (Ind)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (LBT)
Marijuana Reform Party (POT)
Natural Law Party (NLP)
Party of Ethics and Traditions (PET)
Reform Party (Ref)
Republican (Rep)
Right to Life (RTL)
School Choice Party (Sch)
Socialist Workers Party (SWP)
Working Families (Wor)

2001 Election Calendar

June 1 -- Deadline for candidates to join the Campaign Finance program, qualifying for the four-to-one match of contributions.
June 5 - First day for candidates from the eight major parties (Democratic, Republican, Indpendence, Conservative, Liberal, Green, Working Families, and Right to Life) to circulate petitions. Candidates running for City Council must collect the signatures of at least 900 people living in the district for which they are running in order to appear on the Primary ballot. Candidates not running under these eight major parties do not appear on the Primary ballot and have a separate set of deadlines.
July 12 - Deadline for major party candidates to file petitions.
July 10 - First day for unaffiliated candidates to circulate petitions, in order to appear on the ballot in the General Election. They must collect the number of signatures equal to five percent of the total enrolled in that party.
August 7 - Board of Elections announces candidates appearing on the Primary ballot.
August 17 - Last day for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the Primary Election.
August 21 - Deadline for non-major party candidates to file petitions to be included on the General Election ballot.
September 4 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the Primary
September 10 - Last day to personally deliver application for absentee voting in the Primary Last day to postmark absentee ballot for Primary
September 11 - Primary election; Polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m.; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.
September 25 - Runoff Primary election for Mayor, Comptroller and Public Advocate, if needed
October 12 - Last day to for non-absentee voters to register to vote in the General Election
October 30 - Last day to postmark application for absentee voting in the General Election
November 5 - Last day to hand-deliver an application for absentee voting, or to postmark an absentee ballot for the General Election.
November 6 - General Election; polls open at 6:00a.m. and close at 9:00p.m. in NYC; Absentee ballots must be hand-delivered by 9:00 p.m.

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