Gotham Gazette

The Place for New York Policy and politics



Plan for Ending Solitary Confinement in City Jails is Imminent, Board of Correction Chair Says

Rikers Island jails guards solitary

Guards at Rikers Island (photo: Michael Appleton/Mayor's Office)

A working group that Mayor Bill de Blasio created earlier this year to craft a plan for ending the use of solitary confinement in city jails is going to deliver its report to City Hall in the “next several days” and its recommendations could become city policy within six weeks.   

Board of Correction Chair Jennifer Jones Austin broke the news in a Wednesday appearance on the Max & Murphy podcast, hosted by Gotham Gazette and City Limits. “The working group is very close to completion of the plan to end solitary confinement,” said Jones Austin. “And it's my understanding that literally in the next several days, they will be presenting the plan to the City of New York and to the Board of Correction, and then we are going to go into public comment.”

De Blasio convened the working group in June, aiming to end the practice of solitary confinement, also known as punitive segregation, in the city’s jails system. The working group included Board of Correction Vice-Chair Stanley Richards, Department of Correction Commissioner Cynthia Brann, and Just Leadership USA President and CEO DeAnna Hoskins, while Benny Boscio, President of the Corrections Officer Benevolent Association (COBA), was invited to be the fourth member. Richards and Hoskins declined to comment for this article through spokespeople.

A spokesperson for COBA did not respond to a request for comment, but Jones Austin said Boscio “brought his concerns to the table” during the working group’s deliberations.

“We need to make changes immediately in how people who are incarcerated in our jail system are handled and we need to make sure they are safe,” de Blasio said at the time, while also announcing immediate reforms. The announcement came three days after the mayor had announced disciplinary action against 17 correction officers for the role they played in the death of Layleen Polanco, a transgender woman who died a year earlier on Rikers Island after suffering an epileptic seizure in solitary confinement.

The mayor said people with underlying medical conditions would no longer be placed in solitary confinement. “We have a lot to do to create more safety for people who are incarcerated and for our correction officers and employees alike. But we know there are ways we can do this without punitive segregation,” he said.

On the podcast Wednesday, Jones Austin said the report of the working group “will be incorporated into the [Department of Correction] rules, it'll be certified, we’ll bring it to the public for comment, and then we will have a vote on the rule, probably sometime hopefully in the next four to six weeks.”

Criminal justice reform advocates have been calling on the mayor to end solitary confinement for years and the coronavirus pandemic has only lent added urgency to their demands. Time and again, they have pointed out, there have been glaring examples of the harmful effects that solitary confinement can have on detainees.

Before Polanco, there was the story of Bronx teenager Kalief Browder. Arrested on charges of stealing a backpack, Browder could not post bail and was detained on Rikers for three years, most of which was spent in solitary. He never went to trial and the charges were eventually dismissed. But he suffered immense physical and psychological harm during his detention and, in 2015, he died by suicide.

Browder’s case prompted consistent outcry and, over the years, the city responded by slowly phasing out solitary confinement for anyone 21 years old or younger. It also led to the introduction of speedy trial legislation, named “Kalief’s Law,” in the state Legislature – though that specific bill did not pass, the Legislature did approve another law to provide for speedier trials in the state by tightening timelines.

When the mayor announced the working group in June, advocates welcomed the news but said it was an unnecessary delay tactic and that the mayor should have ended solitary confinement already in the wake of cases like Polanco’s and Browder’s. They also raised concerns about the inclusion in the group of COBA, which has repeatedly argued in favor of solitary confinement as a measure to ensure the safety of correction officers.

In October 2019, the NYC Jails Action Coalition and the #HALTsolitary Campaign released a blueprint for ending solitary confinement that would establish minimum standards for out-of-cell time for all jail detainees by eliminating exception for those who are in solitary or in Enhanced Supervision Housing (ESH) units, create time limits for a person being housed in an ESH or other alternative unit, and severely restrict the use of restraints, among other measures. The groups have also been pushing at the state level for the passage of the Humane Alternatives to Long-Term (HALT) Solitary Confinement Act.

“Decades of research show that solitary is ineffective, dangerous, and, too often, deadly,” the #HALTsolitary Campaign said in a statement after the mayor’s announcement in June. “The Mayor has the power to eliminate this torture immediately and the community provided him with a detailed plan for doing so last October.”

by Samar Khurshid, senior reporter, Gotham Gazette

Read more by this writer.

De Blasio's First Chief Democracy Officer Quietly Resigned in January and Hasn't Been Replaced

ear vot bot

Mayor de Blasio (photo: Michael Appleton/Mayor's Office)

Ayirini Fonseca-Sabune, New York City’s first Chief Democracy Officer, quietly resigned in January and Mayor Bill de Blasio has yet to name a replacement to the position, even amid an especially complicated and consequential election year.

The mayor created the office of DemocracyNYC to be led by the Chief Democracy Officer in 2018, announcing it in his State of the City speech that February. The office was part of a ten-point agenda aimed at improving voter access, promoting youth voter participation, curbing the influence of money in elections, expanding lobbying transparency and making it easier to run for office, among other goals.

“If we're going to fight for fairness and we're going to fight for equality, we better fight to save our democracy,” de Blasio said in his speech. He pointed to several threats including dark money flooding into elections after the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision, plummeting voter participation, President Donald Trump’s efforts to undermine democratic institutions, and Russia’s attack on the 2016 presidential election. “We are so far from what the norm should be of an active and inclusive democracy,” he said.

In October that year, de Blasio appointed Fonseca-Sabune, a Harvard-educated attorney and civil rights advocate, to lead DemocracyNYC. But after just 14 months on the job,  Fonseca-Sabune stepped down from her position earlier this year – according to the City Record, her resignation was effective on January 1. She now runs her own anti-racism and anti-oppression coaching and organizational development service, according to her website.

Fonseca-Sabune did not respond to a request for comment. Her website features a photo of her with de Blasio at an announcement during her tenure as Chief Democracy Officer and says that in that role she “worked to amplify the voice of every New Yorker, including marginalized communities that have historically been disenfranchised. Her work has included developing robust voter-registration drives, expanding civics education across all ages for the 1.1 million children attending New York City schools, and partnering with community-based organizations, elected officials and agencies at all levels of government, and the philanthropic community to get more New Yorkers civically engaged.”

But since Fonseca-Sabune’s resignation, the mayor has not appointed a new city Chief Democracy Officer. Laura Wood, DemocracyNYC’s senior advisor and general counsel, has seemingly taken over her duties in that time. Wood appeared alongside the mayor at his news briefing on Tuesday to speak of efforts the city is taking to ensure that voting in this year’s general election, with early voting beginning Saturday, goes smoothly.

“As the start of early voting approaches, we want to emphasize that voters don't have to choose between their health and their right to vote,” Wood said. “And the DemocracyNYC team is working hard to make sure that New Yorkers know how to vote safely.” Wood was previously senior advisor and special counsel to the State Attorney General and prior to that, chief Counsel to the State Senate’s Democratic Conference.

When asked for comment, mayoral spokesperson Bill Neidhardt did not explain the reason that Fonseca-Sabune left the administration or why the mayor has not replaced her. He also did not say whether a search for a replacement was underway. “As we presented at today’s press conference, the Democracy NYC team, led by Laura Wood, is performing the critical task of protecting our democracy and the health of all voters and poll workers,” he said in an email on Tuesday.

In a statement on Wednesday, mayoral spokesperson Jose Bayona said, “After Rini’s departure in January, the work at Democracy NYC was kicking into high gear and Laura Wood stepped into the leadership role as the elections expert given the focus our team would be heading this and next year. At this critical time, and with an evolving fiscal crisis, we currently have a strong and committed team to build on the demanding task of protecting our democracy and the health of all voters and poll workers. We thank Rini for her work and wish her the best in her endeavors.”

Rachel Bloom, director of policy at Citizens Union, a government reform group, said the empty position should have been filled as soon as possible, particularly as the city heads into possibly the most consequential presidential election in decades, as well as a major citywide municipal election next year when all of city government will be on the ballot. “There are multiple agencies doing a lot of similar work, between the Civic Engagement Commission and the Campaign Finance Board and DemocracyNYC, and I think it is beneficial to have one person who is leading that as the Chief Democracy Officer,” Bloom said in a phone interview.

Bloom did note that despite the vacancy, DemocracyNYC work has been getting done. As Wood explained at the Tuesday news conference, the office is rolling out several initiatives including a public service announcement campaign with the relatively new city Civic Engagement Commission, created by 2018 ballot referenda, on how to vote early and by mail, a fact sheet developed with the Department of Health on how to vote safely, and a collaboration with Citi Bike for discounted rides on Election Day.

“There's a lot of collaboration happening right now,” Bloom said. “But I think if that position is going to exist, it should be filled and it should be filled now.”

One of the chief reasons the mayor created the DemocracyNYC office was to increase voter registration in the city. “Whoever will take this job will end up being responsible for registering 1.5 million New Yorkers in the next four years,” de Blasio said in that State of the City speech. At the time of Fonseca-Sabune’s appointment, there were 5.13 million registered voters in the city; as of February 21 this year, there were 5.32 million.

While de Blasio’s goal was always dubious, voter registrations efforts were hobbled this year because of the pandemic, Bloom pointed out, and the state still does not have a truly online system of voter registration (a city-led effort to create online voter registration has also stalled without state approval). “We usually see the largest numbers of new voter registrations in a presidential election year and because of the pandemic, that was completely upended this year,” Bloom said.

The city Board of Elections did recently report processing almost 169,000 new registrations between September 1 and the October 9 registration deadline to vote in this year’s election.

“If that was one of the primary goals of having a Chief Democracy Officer,” Bloom added, “it seems like a really odd moment in time to not have that role filled. And yes, their work continues to be done, but I don't know why the position hasn’t been filled for months and months and months.”

by Samar Khurshid, senior reporter, Gotham Gazette

Read more by this writer.

Note: Gotham Gazette is an independent publication of Citizens Union Foundation, sister organization of Citizens Union.

Max & Murphy Podcast: Jennifer Jones Austin on Police and Prison Reform

fpwa tw coa

Jennifer Jones Austin at NYPD headquarters (photo: @FPWA)

October 21, 2020 - Max & Murphy Podcast: Jennifer Jones Austin on Police and Prison Reform

Jennifer Jones Austin, longtime CEO of FPWA, joined the show to discuss FPWA's anti-poverty work and her roles on an NYPD reform commission and as chair of the New York City Board of Correction.

Listen to the conversation and let us know what you think -- we're on Twitter @TweetBenMax and @JarrettMurphy. You can listen to the show through the embedded audio below or download the episode wherever you get your podcasts, under "Max & Murphy," and listen to Max & Murphy live on Wednesdays at 5 p.m. on WBAI radio, 99.5FM or

by Ben Max, Gotham Gazette

Read more by this writer.

Print Friendly and PDF

Editor's Choice

Gotham Gazette: 
CUNY and New York City Could Recover Together, or the Public University System Could Be Left Behind
CUNY and New York City Could Recover Together, or the Public University System Could Be Left Behind
Gotham Gazette: 
Amid Another Poorly-Run Election, Top New York Officials Point Fingers, Offer Plans, or Say Nothing
Amid Another Poorly-Run Election, Top New York Officials Point Fingers, Offer Plans, or Say Nothing
Gotham Gazette: 
Big Flushing Project Up Next in City Debate Over Development Big Flushing Project Up Next in City Debate Over Development Gotham Gazette: The Max & Murphy Podcast The Max & Murphy Podcast