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"Reflecting Absence," the design by Michael Arad that features two pools of water
with pine trees and a paved stone field, has been chosen to be the memorial on the
site of the World Trade Center.
On November 19, 2003, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation unveiled
finalist designs in the World Trade Center memorial competition. The designs
were selected by a 13-member jury. Each design must recognize the twin tower
footprints and each individual killed in the terrorist attacks on September 11,
2001 and February 26, 1993. The designs are on display at the Winter Garden and
the jury will select the final design.
The eight finalists are:
- Votives in Suspension (by Norman Lee and Michael Lewis)
- Lower Waters (by Bradley Campbell and Matthias Neumann)
- Passages of Light: The Memorial Cloud (by bbc art + architecture)
- Suspending Memory (by Joseph Karadin with Hsin-Yi Wu)
- Garden of Lights (by Pierre David with Sean Corriel, Jessica Kmetovic)
- Reflecting Absence: A Memorial at the World Trade Center Site (by
- Dual Memory (by Brian Stawn and Karla Sierralta)
- Inversion of Light (Toshio Sasaki)
The jury members are:
- Paula Grant Berry -- A Brooklyn resident whose husband was killed on 9/11.
- Susan Freedman -- President of the Public Art Fund, and a board member a the Museum of Modern Art, the Municipal Arts Society, and others.
- Vartan Gregorian, Ph.D -- President of Carnegie Corporation of New York.
- Patricia Harris -- Mayor Michael Bloomberg's deputy mayor for administration.
- Maya Lin -- Designer of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington DC.
- Michael McKeon -- Governor George Pataki's former communications director.
- Julie Menin -- Owner of Vine Restaurant in lower Manhattan, and founder of Wall Street Rising.
- Enrique Norten -- A Mexican architect who won a 2002 design competition for the Brooklyn Library for the Visual and Performing Arts.
- Matrin Puryear -- A scupltor and a former winner of the MacArthur Foundation's genius grant.
- Nancy Rosen -- An expert on public art.
- Lowery Stokes Sims, Ph.D -- Director of Studio Museum in Harlem and former curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- Michael Van Valkenburgh -- New York City landscape architect who also teaches at Harvard Graduate School of Design.
- James Young, Ph.D -- Professor at University of Massachusetts, Amhert's Judaic and Near Eastern Studies department.
Memorial Competition Website
The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation's official website for the memorial competition.
Memorial Mission Statement
Family members of
9/11 victims worked with the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to
mission statement about the memorial for September 11. The mission
statement was incorporated into guidelines for a memorial
competition, which began in April, 2003.
Immediately after the morning of September
11, New Yorkers and others around the world began commemorating the
September 11 victims. Online, there are a number of sites with information
about other projects and organizations devoted to remember 9/11, from
memorial quilts to comic books.
Ideas For Memorials Downtown
Not long after the
attacks, architects, designers and planners began developing ideas for
memorializing the victims of September 11. See
some of the ideas that they proposed.
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Mike Kuo, the head of Imagine New York, writes about his group's report -- and how working on it affected him personally.
Transcript of Live Chat
Gotham Gazette held an online memorial chat with architectural experts Rick Bell and Fred Bernstein. Read a transcript here.
The Eight Memorial Designs
Most incorporate water, all use light, and together they are evoking strong reaction. A look at details of the designs, the criticism, the process of choosing them, and what is likely to happen now.
The Pentagon Memorial's Lessons for New York
By the time New York City's September 11 memorial jury narrows the Ground Zero memorial competition down to five finalists, the Pentagon will have already broken ground on its memorial - selected way back in March - for the 184 victims who died there on 9/11. What can New York learn from the other 9/11 memorial?
A Resident's Hopes for the Memorial
As the 9/11 memorial jury prepares to sort through design applications, lower Manhattan resident Tim Lannan writes that he wants the chosen memorial to convey the special sense of community he felt downtown after the attacks.
Competing to Design the 9/11 Memorial
Designers competing in the international 9/11 memorial competition were given until June 30 to figure out how to best memorialize September 11 and interpret the competition's guidelines, even as those closest to the tragedy disagreed on the details and concepts for the memorial.
Perspectives on the Memorial
Anthony Gardner, whose brother Harvey Joseph Gardner III was killed on 9/11, argues that a bus garage and commercial stores do not have a place in the sacred space where most of the remains of those murdered on September 11 were found.
Perspectives on the Memorial
In the first in a series of essays about the 9/11 memorial, retired firefighter John Finucane says that whatever design is chosen should list the names of the rescue workers together, with their name, rank, serial number and company.
The Memorial Hearing
At the May 28 hearing about the 9/11 memorial, Chris Ganci, whose father, Fire Department Chief Pete Ganci, died on September 11, urged the jury to chose a design that shows that rescue workers "willingly gave their lives to help other people." Julie Boryczewski said that the design should show what happened on 9/11 "honestly and equally." Read transcripts of their testimonies, and others, from the hearing.
The Memorial Jury
On April 10, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation selected the jury that will select a design for the 9/11 memorial. A look at the 13 jury members, and a timeline for the competition.
Transcript of Live Chat with Anita Contini (08/21/02)
Read a transcript of our live online chat with Anita Contini, director of memorial, cultural and civic programs for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. Find out what she said during our conversation as Contini fielded questions about the process of creating the memorial.
Anita Contini, who began her job
as the person in charge of the memorial at Ground Zero this month, has a
trip planned to help her figure
out what her next steps should be. Her visits to the Oklahoma City
memorial, the Vietnam memorial, a memorial to the victims of the atomic
bomb in Hiroshima, Japan and others may have important lessons for
Towers vs. All Memorial (08/05/02)
Preliminary results from Gotham Gazette's Ground Zero Planner show
that over half the entries call for rebuilding the towers as they were,
while a fifth insist all 16 acres should be a memorial. Also: what the
experts make of these passionately-held, mutually exclusive views, and
real consensus can be reached.
September's Mission founder Monica
Iken describes her ideas
for a memorial downtown. She urges planners to make sure that
everything built on the site reflects what happened on Sept. 11, saying,
"the final resting place of our lost souls is not confined to the
footprints of the towers."
Six Months Later
The city has made an amazing recovery in the six months
since the terrorist attacks. Ground Zero will soon be cleared of rubble.
Subways, schools, and businesses have reopened. And two temporary
memorials will be unveiled this week. But as New York moves to the next
phase of rebuilding there are many unanswered questions about what to
build, who is in charge, and how it will be funded. Gotham Gazette takes a look at the status
of recovery and rebuilding, how far we have come and where we are
Two Views on How to Rebuild (11/26/01)
1. Make it fast,
not fancy, Dick Netzer says,
and in midtown, not downtown.
2. We must pause and reflect, says Nancy Biberman, before trying
to build anything on the hallowed ground.
A History Of Crisis And
In the very first week after the attack,
the mayor looked to history for comfort and instruction in how New
Yorkers could respond. The historical event he focused on was the blitz
of London during World War II. But, as New Yorkers can discover in
hundreds of history-related events starting this week, there is comfort
and instruction as well in the long series of crises and recoveries that
make up the history of New York City.
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Staten Island Memorial Unveiled - Sep 12, 2004
Rounding out a long and intense day of events marking the third anniversary of 9/11, a memorial to Staten Island victims was dedicated on the borough's waterfront at the ferry terminal across the harbor from the Trade Center site.
Fundraising For Memorial Has Yet to Begin - Sep 11, 2004
Eight months after the World Trade Center memorial design was unveiled, Gov. Pataki and Mayor Bloomberg have yet to find a prominent person willing to lead the foundation that's raising the money to build it.
(New York Daily News)
Website Offers "Living Memorial" To 9/11 Victims, Families - Sep 9, 2004
A high-profile 9/11 organization launched an Internet-based memorial yesterday that will serve as a "portal of reflection, remembrance, interaction, education and scholarly research" about the terrorist attacks.
(New York Daily News)
Memorial Planned For Flight 93 Victims - Sep 9, 2004
The 40 innocent passengers and crew who died on hijacked United Airlines Flight 93 should be honored because they played a role in the "only victory" during the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, said the father of one of the victims. That's what planners hope people remember as they submit designs for a crash site memorial in a national competition announced Wednesday.
Frederic Schwartz: Designer of Two 9/11 Memorials - Sep 9, 2004
Frederic Schwartz is standing on a peninsula at Liberty State Park where ground is to be broken tomorrow for the 9/11 memorial he has designed for New Jersey, only three-and-a-half hours after ground is broken in Westchester County for the 9/11 memorial he has designed there. But for a moment, his sad eyes are not focused on the empty sky across the Hudson River where the World Trade Center is supposed to be.
(New York Times )
Construction on Staten Island's 9/11 Memorial Begins - Aug 17, 2004
Workers started installing a memorial to the September 11 victims on Staten Island Monday.
Cantor Fitzgerald Finds New Home in Midtown - Jul 27, 2004
Nearly three years after 658 Cantor Fitgerald employees were killed in the attack on the World Trade Center, the stock and bond trading company has found a new home five miles from ground zero, on the East Side of Manhattan. Cantor signed a lease last week to move into space now occupied by Bloomberg L.P., the business information company founded by Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, at Park Avenue and 59th Street, where Cantor plans to erect a monument to the co-workers who died in the Sept. 11 attack.
(New York Times)
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