Gotham Gazette

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Another State of the City

Council Speaker Christine Quinn, quite out of character, took two approaches differing from the Bloomberg administration last week.

First, she led the council in overriding a mayoral veto of residency requirements for the city's largest municipal workers union. A day after, Quinn announced a plan to solve the city's fiscal woes: increase income taxes for the richest New Yorkers.

The proposal puts the speaker at odds with her governing partner, Mayor Michael Bloomberg, who in his preliminary budget suggested the city increase and broaden the city sales tax to close a $4 billion deficit.

So far, it seems Quinn has a more crowded corner.

For the past three budget cycles, the mayor and the speaker have had relatively mild-mannered -- even affable -- budget negotiations. With about five months to go in the negotiation process, they are already at odds.

A Different Proposal

This is not the first time Quinn has been praised for a proposal in her State of the City address. In 2007, the speaker suggested a renter's tax rebate, saying it would be her top priority. That never went anywhere.

Sometimes promises go unfilled. But, unlike the break for renters, Quinn's personal income tax proposal is not a supplement to the mayor's plan, but an alternative.

Already it's picking up supporters and steam.

For one, the mayor praised her for having a concrete proposal (even though a similar bill, introduced by Assemblymember Eric Schneiderman, has been floating around Albany).

"She’s got actual proposals, some of which we’ll agree with, some of which we won’t," said Bloomberg on his weekly radio show Friday . "We’ll work together on all of the different things, and I don’t know how it comes. We don’t have to make those kinds of decisions for the city for another few months."

Specifically, the proposal would eliminate the city's personal income tax for those with household incomes under $46,000, saving about $321 per household. The tax would be increased in stages for higher income earners. Those households with incomes between $297,000 and $532,000 would see their personal income tax rate increase from 3.648 percent to 4.25 percent, adding another $374 onto their bills.

Those making between $532,000 and $1.2 million would see their tax rate increase from 3.648 percent to 4.45 percent, translating to about $5,571. For those making more than $1.2 million, they would see their rate go up to 4.65 percent at the average cost of approximately $19,066.

Quinn said the proposal was drafted with the help of Councilmember David Yassky, a comptroller candidate, and the Drum Major Institute for Public Policy .

The Likely Scenario

The tax increases would generate about a $1 billion in revenue, as would the mayor's proposal to increase the sales tax by 0.25 percent and apply it to traditionally exempt items, like haircuts or movie tickets.

Both would need approval from Albany.

It will likely be one proposal or the other, not necessarily both.

For weeks, council members have criticized the mayor's January budget proposal, calling it regressive. On Thursday, the speaker seemed to say, for the first time publicly, it wouldn't go anywhere.

"If we want to encourage New Yorkers to shop locally, we simply can’t afford to raise the sales tax,” Quinn said. “We’re simply not going to balance the budget by squeezing local merchants and shoppers.”

Many advocates and officials had a far more positive reaction to Quinn's personal income tax proposal than to the mayor's sales tax suggestion.

In a prepared statement released after the speaker's address, Jennifer March Joly, executive director of Citizens' Committee for Children of New York, said: “Speaker Quinn is right. Raising income taxes on the wealthiest New Yorkers is a better way of tackling New York City’s deficit than asking low-income and middle-class families to pay more in the form of higher sales taxes on everything from footwear to clothing. And we support increased tax relief for working poor families.”

That reaction was echoed elsewhere.

"At a time when our city and state are in a financial crisis, we can't continue to put further burdens on... lower wages and keep ignoring the high-end wages," said Councilmember Miguel Martinez of Manhattan.

Whether this is a serious indication that this year's budget negotiations will be more contentious, most say it's too early to tell. But others, even those who have been in the same shoes, say this proposal is one example of Quinn standing up against the executive.

"I find Chris Quinn to be someone who speaks her mind," said the former Council Speaker Gifford Miller, following her state of the city. "I think she was speaking her mind now."

The bottom line for officials is closing the city's projected $4 billion budget gap. Though the city has been promised funding in the Obama administration's federal stimulus package, it is unclear how much. Even with that funding, the city will still have to make some tough choices.

"I think we need to keep all of our options open, because a lot of it is out of our control," said Finance Committee Chairman David Weprin, who thinks the difference between the two proposals is ultimately a philosophical one. "We need a menu of options to go to Albany with."

Complicated Calculus in Race to Replace Monserrate


Current Occupant: The seat became vacant when Democrat Hiram Monserrate won election to the State Senate in November.

Results: According to preliminary results, Julissa Ferreras won the District 21 seat, receiving 2,216 votes to Francisco Moya's 1,191. George Dixon received 781 votes, and Jose Giraldo received 639.

Start with an ambitious councilmember clinching a seat to the State Senate. Add an assault charge. Multiply it by a dysfunctional area nonprofit organization overseen by a former council staffer turned candidate. Divide it by two successful ballot challenges and a monstrous development project.

This equation will confront voters on Feb. 24 when residents of the largely Latino 21st district determine who will represent them in the City Council.

With the domestic violence charges against the former incumbent now state senator, Hiram Monserrate, serving as a backdrop, next week's contest in Queens seems like the quintessential election scenario in New York City: crony versus underdog.

For more, jump here.



George Dixon, 59: Born in Queens, Dixon has been a resident of East Elmhurst for nearly three decades. He is a Vietnam veteran and currently owns Minds of Production, a graphic design production company. He is a former member of Community Board 3 and is a district leader.

Jose Giraldo, 49: Born in Colombia, Giraldo came to the United States at age 19. He is a resident of East Elmhurst and owns an insurance brokerage firm in the district. He is the president of the local chapter of the Lions' Club, former president of the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce of Queens and chairman of the New York State Wide Coalition of Hispanic Chambers Of Commerce.

Julissa Ferreras, 32: Born and raised in Corona, Ferreras led an after school program and was former Councilmember Hiram Monserrate's chief of staff for five years. She also served as the New York state director of the National Association for Latino Elected Officials.

Francisco P Moya, 34: Born and raised in Corona, Moya started as a community activist when he was 15 and founded the Corona Gardens Neighborhood Association. He was director of business development at Elmhurst Hospital Center. He has served as an aide to Rep. Nydia Velazquez and to then State Sen. David Paterson. He took a leave of absence from his position in public affairs for Cablevision to run for office.

Campaign Finance Records

George Dixon
Jose Eduardo Giraldo
Julissa Ferreras
Francisco Moya

Links in the News:

A Vote for the Future: Endorsement of Julissa Ferreras, El Diario, Feb. 13, 2009

Video of Francisco Moya, NY1, Feb.12, 2009

Video Julissa Ferreras, NY1, Feb. 12, 2009

Four Chase Monserrate Council Seat, Queens Courier, Feb. 12, 2009

Moya Endorsed by Velasquez in Special Election, Queens Ledger, Jan. 23, 2009

City Council Races Heating Up, Daily News, Jan. 19, 2009

Candidates Lining Up to Grab Council Seat, Daily News, Jan. 5, 2009

The favorite -- Julissa Ferreras, who is Monserrate's former chief of staff -- faces her strongest challenge from community organizer and former State Senate bureaucrat Francisco Moya. Jose Eduardo Giraldo, who is hinging his candidacy on his Colombian roots and business acumen, and George Dixon, the only non-Latino in the race and a district leader, have both mounted less competitive campaigns.

Though this special election has already seen its fair share of controversy, all of the candidates recognize that the district, which stretches from Corona to Elmhurst and includes LaGuardia Airport, faces significant challenges: overdevelopment, a loss of jobs, the construction of Willets Point and the closures of nearby hospitals.

Someone will have to try to fix them.

The Cast of Characters

Center stage in an auditorium at the Langston Hughes Library in the center of this northern Queens district, four candidates extolled their platforms Thursday night.

Dixon, dressed in a beige suit, was up first. He led with his experience as a district leader and three decades of residence in the neighborhood. Concern over what many see as district's overdevelopment also characterized his stump speech, which is rooted on the slogan "United for Change."

Moya followed. His platform: He started out as a community organizer at the age of 15 on the same streets of Corona. He coupled that stint with tenures in national and state government, first as an aide to several congressmembers, including Rep. Nydia Velazquez, then as the top aide to then-State Sen. David Paterson until 2007. Moya has friends in high places.

Calling the district a "rough diamond," Giraldo trumpeted his lack of an agenda or political connections. He answers to no one, he contends, with a wide smile across his full face. Giraldo's mantra: "I'm from the community. I'm for the community." His reception from the half-filled room was warm.

Ferreras rounded out the pack, hinging her experience on her time as director of an after-school program, state director of the National Association for Latino Elected Officials and chief of staff to Monserrate. She can hit the ground running -- no tutorials required -- she said.

On myriad issues, the candidates could have presented their stances in unison. Round after round, the four -- all registered Democrats, though, the law requires special elections technically be nonpartisan -- ticked off their goals and stances.

Dixon, Ferreras and Moya agreed with a specific proposal floated by Council Speaker Christine Quinn last week to raise the city's income tax in several increments for those who make more than $300,000. Part of that proposal would also do away with the income tax for those making less than $46,000. (See related story.)

"A little bit more in everyone's check really makes a difference," said Ferreras. "It's not about Wall Street. It's about Main Street. It's about Northern Boulevard. It's about Roosevelt Avenue."

Each said in these difficult times, they would try to use discretionary funds to save cultural offerings or other threatened programs. Moya and Ferreras said they support mayoral control of education, but think parents must become more involved in school governance and the administration must be held accountable. Dixon said he supports "family control."

Moya and Ferreras said they do not support tolling the East River crossings.

Small business development was also key to the conversation, including getting local residents jobs on area projects.

"We're going to face some tough economic times, yes," said Moya. But, he added, "The economic backbone to our community is when small businesses thrive."

Differing on Development

Not all of their campaign promises are identical.

Take Willets Point -- the major development of 61 acres near Citi Field now largely occupied by auto body shops. The project will bring a new convention center, hotel and mixed income housing. It would also displace scores of businesses.

Though the City Council has already approved Willets Point, it remains quite controversial. Given the economy, its fate is largely up in the air.

Dixon charged that the city had not done a full analysis on the impact the development would have on Corona and Elmhurst. In the future, Dixon said, he would like to get the community more involved in development before it has been etched in stone.

Both Giraldo and Moya endorsed the project from the get go. Ferreras, like her former boss, opposed the project until days before it was approved. She attributed her criticism to a lack of affordable housing, which, she says, was remedied by the final agreement.

On other development fronts, the candidates expressed concern on the alleged overdevelopment of certain areas. Moya said as councilmember he would work to downzone Corona to avoid out-of-scale development. Dixon said he would like to preserve the district's historical character.

Ferreras, who is close to the city's unions, said she would ensure projects were contracted to organized labor, which, she said, benefits the whole city.

Giraldo, who runs an insurance brokerage firm and is the former president of the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce of Queens, said he would get the largest area stakeholders, including the Mets and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, to contribute to the community to help boost small business and area development.

"We need small businesses," Giraldo, who characterizes his relationship with the area's unions as antagonistic, said. "We need to get our fair share." The audience cheered.

Health and Crime

Dixon, who owns a local production and graphic design company, also said he would attempt to boost the area's medical services, especially for seniors, if he were elected.

"That's one of the things that I really feel strong about, preserving our medical services," said Dixon. "Nursing home facilities, they are operating on a shoestring. I should probably say on dental floss."

The district hosts one of the largest public hospitals in the city, Elmhurst Hospital Center. Several private hospitals, one a block away from the district's border, are slated to close, leading several candidates to express concern that Elmhurst could be overwhelmed. Moya, who helped set up some of Elmhurst's clinics, said he has the state connections to help boost funding to the area's medical facilities.

On crime, Dixon said he would offer anonymity to those who can provide information to police on gun cries. Giraldo would like to set up a blog to allow people to report area crime, while Moya suggested working with federal representatives to crack down on gun trafficking. Ferreras said she would work to take back Roosevelt Avenue, one of the district's main thoroughfares, from gangs and prostitutes.

Politics and Personalities

Beyond their policy stances, Ferreras has been criticized for ties to an area nonprofit, Libre, where she was the voluntary chair, both while she worked for Monserrate and after she left the district office. Monserrate gave approximately $400,000 of discretionary funding to the group -- allocations, according to reports in the New York Times, which were mismanaged.

Ferreras said as voluntary chair she was not responsible for the group's day-to-day bookkeeping, thus cannot be blamed for the group's financial failure. She said she was willing to answer any questions about her involvement and has not been approached by any authorities regarding Libre.

So far, despite the controversy over Libre, Ferreras appears to be the frontrunner with Moya not far behind.

Ferreras certainly has the lead in money. According to the Campaign Finance Board, Ferreras has received $64,154 in private donations and $75,742 in public matching funds. She has spent $63,441 as of the last filing statement.

Moya is in second place, with $50,298 raised privately and $53,620 in public funding. He has spent nearly $25,000.

Giraldo raised $43,506 privately, received $58,719 in public funds and has spent $31,612.

Dixon brings up the pack with $18,595 raised privately, $37,512 in public funds and has spent $17,319.

Money is not the only factor at play. Race could shift the political tide as well. Over the last several decades, say candidates, the demographics of the neighborhood have shifted - with Latinos now the majority of residents. According to the 2000 census, the district is about 68 percent Latino, 12 percent Asian, 10.7 percent black and 6.5 percent white.

Monserrate was the first Latino to be elected in Queens. Party officials could want to keep the seat in Latino hands.

As for endorsements, Ferreras has racked up most of the union endorsements in the area and has garnered support from 15 City Council members. Dixon has received endorsements from the borough president and Assemblymember Jeffrion L. Aubry. Moya has been endorsed by Velazquez and by the Manhattan-based Stonewall Democrats. Giraldo said he hasn't been endorsed by anyone and is proud of it, confirming he has no political ties.

**When first published, this story said Libre was run by a former council staffer, in reference to Julissa Ferreras. The Ferreras campaign says she just oversaw the group.

New Bills: From Parking to Playgrounds

More than 230 pieces of legislation were introduced in 2008, most of which won't ever become law.

We waded through some of those bills to give you a roundup of the more recently proposed. In December and January, council members have suggested bills that span the policy spectrum, from banning the sale of dust remover to minors to regulating parking permits for teachers.

Parking Grace Period

In an attempt to do away with "gotcha" tickets, Councilmember Simcha Felder introduced legislation ( Intro 907) reinstating a five-minute grace period for people who violate meter and alternate-side parking rules.

The move is a response to the increase in tickets given to parkers immediately after their meters expire. According to Felder, about 10 percent of tickets issued last year for alternate side violations were issued within two minutes of the time to move the car.

In a prepared statement, Felder said: "Enough is enough. Tickets should be issued to encourage compliance, not to generate revenue for the city."

The Bloomberg administration has balked at the bill, saying traffic enforcement agents are there to enforce the law.

Cleaning Recyclables

Councilmember Darlene Mealy introduced legislation (Intro 908) codifying rules by the Department of Sanitation that require food merchants at street fairs to recycle. The bill also increases fines for violators, which would range from $250 to $500. It would also require the proper trash bins for street events and the proper disposal of recyclable materials.

Energy Volatility Task Force

Legislation (Intro 891) introduced by Councilmember Tony Avella would create an energy task force to review energy prices, their peaks and plummets, in order to propose, revise and review the city's energy policy. Members would be selected by the mayor and the speaker of the City Council.

Getting Gas

Councilmember Maria Baez introduced two bills (Intro 892 and Intro 893) regulating the gasoline industry in the city. The first would require quarterly inspections of gas stations, and the second allows the city to shut down stations for between three to five days if they have more than four violations in a 24-hour period.

Teacher Parking

In response to a crackdown by the Bloomberg administration early last year, Baez introduced legislation (Intro 894) that requires every teacher for the Department of Education to be issued a parking permit.

At the beginning of the school year, the administration cut teacher permits from about 63,000 to 11,000, citing the lack of spaces surrounding city schools.

Baez's office received complaints that teachers were abandoning classrooms to go feed parking meters. The bill, said Baez's Deputy Chief of Staff Domingo Flores, ensures teachers can park during the school day.

Hot Turf

To keep bare feet from the fiery surface of playgrounds, council members Bill de Blasio and Jessica Lappin introduced legislation (Intro 896) that requires warning signs be posted at all city playgrounds with rubber mats.

According to city officials, playground rubber mats can reach temperatures as high as 166 degrees. Five years ago, said officials, a child was hospitalized with second-degree burns from these mats.

"The current signs saying 'footwear should be worn' just don't cut it," said Lappin in a prepared statement. "The temperature of these mats can reach 165 degrees. They can severely burn children and parents and caretakers need to be appropriately warned."

The legislation would require the following warning at any playground: "WARNING - SAFETY SURFACING MAY BE HOT. SHOES SHOULD BE WORN AT ALL TIMES."

Muni-Meter Tickets

Councilmember Daniel Garodnick introduced legislation (Intro 897) that would give drivers the opportunity to challenge tickets if they have a valid muni-meter receipt for the corresponding time period.

If drivers did not show their parking receipt on their dashboard as required, they could mail in the receipt to have the ticket repealed under this bill.

Parking Spots for Car Sharing

Legislation (Intro 901) introduced by Councilmember John Liu would require city parking garages dedicate 10 spaces or 10 percentof their spaces, whichever is less, to cars used for car sharing programs like Zipcar.

Car companies will be required to pay a small fee for the spaces under the bill.

Restricting Dust Remover

A bill (Intro 903) initially introduced by former Councilmember Michael McMahon, now a U.S. representative, would ban anyone under the age of 17 from purchasing dust remover, which has been used by adolescents for "huffing".

Store owners could receive up to 10 days in jail and a $250 fine for a violation.

Crimes Near Schools

Under a bill (Intro 904) introduced by Felder, the New York Police Department would have to notify schools of a crime that occurred against a minor within 1,000 feet of school grounds.

Novelty Lighters

Legislation introduced by Councilmember Miguel Martinez (Intro 884) would ban the sale of novelty lighters -- those shaped like toys that can be enticing to children -- in the city.

Publishing Tax Exemptions

This legislation (Intro 883) introduced by Councilmember Letitia James would require the city compile a list of all recipients of the J-51 tax exemption, which allows landlords to make capital improvements without their assessments changing on affordable units.

The list of recipients would have to be made public on the city's Web site under the bill.

Banning Ghetto

Following up on trend to ban the n-word and the b-word, Baez introduced a resolution (Reso 1723 ) that would symbolically ban the negative use of the word "ghetto," arguing it links "a racial or ethnic group to terminology used to describe a state of poverty (which) only serves to further dehumanize and disenfranchise that particular group."

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