Current Occupant: The seat became vacant when Democrat Hiram Monserrate won election to the State Senate in November.
Results: According to preliminary results, Julissa Ferreras won the District 21 seat, receiving 2,216 votes to Francisco Moya's 1,191. George Dixon received 781 votes, and Jose Giraldo received 639.
Start with an ambitious councilmember clinching a seat to the State Senate. Add an assault charge. Multiply it by a dysfunctional area nonprofit organization overseen by a former council staffer turned candidate. Divide it by two successful ballot challenges and a monstrous development project.
This equation will confront voters on Feb. 24 when residents of the largely Latino 21st district determine who will represent them in the City Council.
With the domestic violence charges against the former incumbent now state senator, Hiram Monserrate, serving as a backdrop, next week's contest in Queens seems like the quintessential election scenario in New York City: crony versus underdog.
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George Dixon, 59: Born in Queens, Dixon has been a resident of East Elmhurst for nearly three decades. He is a Vietnam veteran and currently owns Minds of Production, a graphic design production company. He is a former member of Community Board 3 and is a district leader.
Jose Giraldo, 49: Born in Colombia, Giraldo came to the United States at age 19. He is a resident of East Elmhurst and owns an insurance brokerage firm in the district. He is the president of the local chapter of the Lions' Club, former president of the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce of Queens and chairman of the New York State Wide Coalition of Hispanic Chambers Of Commerce.
Julissa Ferreras, 32: Born and raised in Corona, Ferreras led an after school program and was former Councilmember Hiram Monserrate's chief of staff for five years. She also served as the New York state director of the National Association for Latino Elected Officials.
Francisco P Moya, 34: Born and raised in Corona, Moya started as a community activist when he was 15 and founded the Corona Gardens Neighborhood Association. He was director of business development at Elmhurst Hospital Center. He has served as an aide to Rep. Nydia Velazquez and to then State Sen. David Paterson. He took a leave of absence from his position in public affairs for Cablevision to run for office.
Campaign Finance Records
Jose Eduardo Giraldo
Links in the News:
A Vote for the Future: Endorsement of Julissa Ferreras, El Diario, Feb. 13, 2009
Video of Francisco Moya, NY1, Feb.12, 2009
Video Julissa Ferreras, NY1, Feb. 12, 2009
Four Chase Monserrate Council Seat, Queens Courier, Feb. 12, 2009
Moya Endorsed by Velasquez in Special Election, Queens Ledger, Jan. 23, 2009
City Council Races Heating Up, Daily News, Jan. 19, 2009
Candidates Lining Up to Grab Council Seat, Daily News, Jan. 5, 2009
The favorite -- Julissa Ferreras, who is Monserrate's former chief of staff -- faces her strongest challenge from community organizer and former State Senate bureaucrat Francisco Moya. Jose Eduardo Giraldo, who is hinging his candidacy on his Colombian roots and business acumen, and George Dixon, the only non-Latino in the race and a district leader, have both mounted less competitive campaigns.
Though this special election has already seen its fair share of controversy, all of the candidates recognize that the district, which stretches from Corona to Elmhurst and includes LaGuardia Airport, faces significant challenges: overdevelopment, a loss of jobs, the construction of Willets Point and the closures of nearby hospitals.
Someone will have to try to fix them.
The Cast of Characters
Center stage in an auditorium at the Langston Hughes Library in the center of this northern Queens district, four candidates extolled their platforms Thursday night.
Dixon, dressed in a beige suit, was up first. He led with his experience as a district leader and three decades of residence in the neighborhood. Concern over what many see as district's overdevelopment also characterized his stump speech, which is rooted on the slogan "United for Change."
Moya followed. His platform: He started out as a community organizer at the age of 15 on the same streets of Corona. He coupled that stint with tenures in national and state government, first as an aide to several congressmembers, including Rep. Nydia Velazquez, then as the top aide to then-State Sen. David Paterson until 2007. Moya has friends in high places.
Calling the district a "rough diamond," Giraldo trumpeted his lack of an agenda or political connections. He answers to no one, he contends, with a wide smile across his full face. Giraldo's mantra: "I'm from the community. I'm for the community." His reception from the half-filled room was warm.
Ferreras rounded out the pack, hinging her experience on her time as director of an after-school program, state director of the National Association for Latino Elected Officials and chief of staff to Monserrate. She can hit the ground running -- no tutorials required -- she said.
On myriad issues, the candidates could have presented their stances in unison. Round after round, the four -- all registered Democrats, though, the law requires special elections technically be nonpartisan -- ticked off their goals and stances.
Dixon, Ferreras and Moya agreed with a specific proposal floated by Council Speaker Christine Quinn last week to raise the city's income tax in several increments for those who make more than $300,000. Part of that proposal would also do away with the income tax for those making less than $46,000. (See related story.)
"A little bit more in everyone's check really makes a difference," said Ferreras. "It's not about Wall Street. It's about Main Street. It's about Northern Boulevard. It's about Roosevelt Avenue."
Each said in these difficult times, they would try to use discretionary funds to save cultural offerings or other threatened programs. Moya and Ferreras said they support mayoral control of education, but think parents must become more involved in school governance and the administration must be held accountable. Dixon said he supports "family control."
Moya and Ferreras said they do not support tolling the East River crossings.
Small business development was also key to the conversation, including getting local residents jobs on area projects.
"We're going to face some tough economic times, yes," said Moya. But, he added, "The economic backbone to our community is when small businesses thrive."
Differing on Development
Not all of their campaign promises are identical.
Take Willets Point -- the major development of 61 acres near Citi Field now largely occupied by auto body shops. The project will bring a new convention center, hotel and mixed income housing. It would also displace scores of businesses.
Though the City Council has already approved Willets Point, it remains quite controversial. Given the economy, its fate is largely up in the air.
Dixon charged that the city had not done a full analysis on the impact the development would have on Corona and Elmhurst. In the future, Dixon said, he would like to get the community more involved in development before it has been etched in stone.
Both Giraldo and Moya endorsed the project from the get go. Ferreras, like her former boss, opposed the project until days before it was approved. She attributed her criticism to a lack of affordable housing, which, she says, was remedied by the final agreement.
On other development fronts, the candidates expressed concern on the alleged overdevelopment of certain areas. Moya said as councilmember he would work to downzone Corona to avoid out-of-scale development. Dixon said he would like to preserve the district's historical character.
Ferreras, who is close to the city's unions, said she would ensure projects were contracted to organized labor, which, she said, benefits the whole city.
Giraldo, who runs an insurance brokerage firm and is the former president of the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce of Queens, said he would get the largest area stakeholders, including the Mets and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, to contribute to the community to help boost small business and area development.
"We need small businesses," Giraldo, who characterizes his relationship with the area's unions as antagonistic, said. "We need to get our fair share." The audience cheered.
Health and Crime
Dixon, who owns a local production and graphic design company, also said he would attempt to boost the area's medical services, especially for seniors, if he were elected.
"That's one of the things that I really feel strong about, preserving our medical services," said Dixon. "Nursing home facilities, they are operating on a shoestring. I should probably say on dental floss."
The district hosts one of the largest public hospitals in the city, Elmhurst Hospital Center. Several private hospitals, one a block away from the district's border, are slated to close, leading several candidates to express concern that Elmhurst could be overwhelmed. Moya, who helped set up some of Elmhurst's clinics, said he has the state connections to help boost funding to the area's medical facilities.
On crime, Dixon said he would offer anonymity to those who can provide information to police on gun cries. Giraldo would like to set up a blog to allow people to report area crime, while Moya suggested working with federal representatives to crack down on gun trafficking. Ferreras said she would work to take back Roosevelt Avenue, one of the district's main thoroughfares, from gangs and prostitutes.
Politics and Personalities
Beyond their policy stances, Ferreras has been criticized for ties to an area nonprofit, Libre, where she was the voluntary chair, both while she worked for Monserrate and after she left the district office. Monserrate gave approximately $400,000 of discretionary funding to the group -- allocations, according to reports in the New York Times, which were mismanaged.
Ferreras said as voluntary chair she was not responsible for the group's day-to-day bookkeeping, thus cannot be blamed for the group's financial failure. She said she was willing to answer any questions about her involvement and has not been approached by any authorities regarding Libre.
So far, despite the controversy over Libre, Ferreras appears to be the frontrunner with Moya not far behind.
Ferreras certainly has the lead in money. According to the Campaign Finance Board, Ferreras has received $64,154 in private donations and $75,742 in public matching funds. She has spent $63,441 as of the last filing statement.
Moya is in second place, with $50,298 raised privately and $53,620 in public funding. He has spent nearly $25,000.
Giraldo raised $43,506 privately, received $58,719 in public funds and has spent $31,612.
Dixon brings up the pack with $18,595 raised privately, $37,512 in public funds and has spent $17,319.
Money is not the only factor at play. Race could shift the political tide as well. Over the last several decades, say candidates, the demographics of the neighborhood have shifted - with Latinos now the majority of residents. According to the 2000 census, the district is about 68 percent Latino, 12 percent Asian, 10.7 percent black and 6.5 percent white.
Monserrate was the first Latino to be elected in Queens. Party officials could want to keep the seat in Latino hands.
As for endorsements, Ferreras has racked up most of the union endorsements in the area and has garnered support from 15 City Council members. Dixon has received endorsements from the borough president and Assemblymember Jeffrion L. Aubry. Moya has been endorsed by Velazquez and by the Manhattan-based Stonewall Democrats. Giraldo said he hasn't been endorsed by anyone and is proud of it, confirming he has no political ties.
**When first published, this story said Libre was run by a former council staffer, in reference to Julissa Ferreras. The Ferreras campaign says she just oversaw the group.